Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill Plants Index Gallery:
Alpine - Alpine Shrubs and Conifers - Page 2 on Alpine Conifers

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier for you to contact to buy this plant

Flower Colour

Sun Aspect of Full Sun,
Part Shade, Full Shade

with link to external website for photo/data

Flowering Months

with row in each month that it flowers in that colour in
STAGE 4A
12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
/

with link to
USA or
Canada
mail-order supplier

Height with Spacings or Width (W) in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour


with row in relevant pages that it has foliage of that colour in
STAGE 4B
12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

or
Background Colour nearest to middle-aged leaf colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Soil Moisture:-
Dry,
Moist,
Wet

with link to Australia or New Zealand mail-order supplier

 

with data for rows in
STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY and
STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Pages

Plant Type is:-

A for Aquatic
Ann for Annual / Biennial
Ba for Bamboo
Bu for Bulb
Cl for Climber
Co for Conifer
F for Fern
G for Grass
H for Herb
P for Perennial
Rh for Rhodo-dendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro for Rose
Sh for Shrub
So for Soft Fruit
To for Top Fruit
Tr for Tree
V for Vegetable
W for Wildflower

followed by:-
E for Evergreen,
D for Deciduous,
H for Herbaceous,
Alpine for being an Alpine as well as being 1 of above Plant Type /

 
Acid for Acidic,
Alk for Alkaline,
Any for AnySoil
 

with links to
STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2, 3
and
STAGE 3
ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2
pages
 

Comments

A plant of first-class merit, suggested as 'First Choices'

Adjacent Planting

Plant Associations

It is sad to reflect that in England so few gardens open to the public label their plants or label them so that the label is visible when that plant is in flower, so that visitors can identify; and then later locate and purchase that plant.

Few mail-order nurseries provide the detail as shown in my rose or heather galleries.

If you want to sell a product, it is best to display it. When I sold my Transit van, I removed its signage, cleaned it and took photos of the inside and outside before putting them onto an advert in Autotrader amongst more than 2000 other Transit vans - it was sold in 20 minutes.

If mail-order nurseries could put photos to the same complexity from start of the year to its end with the different foliage colours and stages of flowering on Wikimedia Commons, then the world could view the plant before buying it, and idiots like me would have valid material to work with.

I have been in the trade (until ill health forced my Sole Trader retirement in 2013) working in designing, constructing and maintaining private gardens for decades and since 2005 when this site was started, I have asked any nursery in the world to supply photos. R.V. Roger in Yorkshire allowed me to use his photos from his website in 2007 and when I got a camera to spend 5 days in July 2014 at my expense taking photos of his roses growing in his nursery field, whilst his staff was propagating them. I gave him a copy of those photos.

 

A choice of Dwarf Trees and Conifer

True alpine regions are beyond the tree line, and any specimens seen in nature are usually isolated, dwarfed by wind and weather and often distorted. This does not mean that it is wrong to introduce trees and conifers into the garden conception of the rock garden, but it does indicate that their use should be rather sparing, and preferably lower down than on the sky-line.

Of true dwarfs, there are few among the trees, and only 2 kinds are suggested here. Some of the loveliest trees for the rock garden can be drawn from the dwarf Japanese Maples, Acer palmatum vars., notable for their finely shaped and coloured foliage. Care is needed, however, for, although they are slow-growing, some of them can attain to 15-20 feet = 180-240 inches = 450-600 cms in time, and such specimens can spoil the rock garden with their spreading roots and overhanging shade.

Acer palmatum dissectum (Japanese Maple)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA - MrMaple.com is a family run Japanese Maple Mail-order nursery based out of Western North Carolina. We graft and propagate over 1000 selections of Japanese maples.

 

 

 

 

 

Dwarf Tree

For the smaller rock garden, it is as well to concentrate on the dissectum forms, which make mushroom-shaped small trees and will take many years to grow beyond 48 inches (120 cms). In the larger rock garden, it is possible to introduce the septemlobum forms, of which osakazubi is probably the finest for colour.

These dwarf maples, while normally hardy, do need positions well sheltered from the colder drying north and east winds, especially when planted in the east and north of Britain.

MrMaple is a member of the Maple Society and
International Plant Propagators Society

acercforpalmatumdissectumgarnetwikimediacommons

Acer palmatum 'Dissectum Garnet'

Français : Érable palmé (cultivar) à l'arboretum de la Vallée-aux-Loups (Hauts-de-Seine, France). By Liné1 via Wikimedia Commons.

Betula nana (Mountain Birch, Dwarf Birch in Birch Wildflower Family)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

 

 

 

 

 

Dwarf Tree

Betula nana is a genuine dwarf Birch of the northern reaches of Europe and Asia, usually growing with upright stems in bushy manner 24-48 inches (60-120 cms) tall, with tiny, dark glossy green rounded and toothed leaves, and will grow elegantly in a moist part of the rock garden.

There is also Betula nana 'Glengarry' - A dwarf, spreading Birch, golden leaves in autumn.

Miniforest.com in USA:-

"LiveScale©Choice Trees and Shrubs for Miniature Gardens and Bonsai Enthusiasts

Effective for Garden Railroads, Bonsai, Saikei, rock gardens, troughs and windowbox scenes. Our division of size is based on the International Conifer Guide. Miniature is under 3 feet in 10-15 years. Dwarf is under 6 feet in 10-15 years. Intermediate is 15 feet in 10-15 years. Large is more than 15-20 feet in 10-15 years. We have taken the liberty to apply this division to shrubs and broad leaf trees."

betulacfolnanawikimediacommons

Betula nana photographed on a hike north of the village Upernavik Kujalleq and north-east of the mountain Kingigtoq, Greenland. By Kim Hansen via Wikimedia Commons.

 

Dwarf Conifers

The planting of dwarf conifers in the rock garden is a matter of personal taste, and when attempted, should be done with caution. The difficuly is that many so-called slow-growing and dwarf conifers do make surprising growth in 10-15 years, and when a conifer begins to dwarf the scale of the rock garden, it becomes a blot on the landscape.

The true dwarfs that remain dwarf can do much to enhance the rock garden scene. If however, the deceptive dwarfs - usually termed slow-growing in catalogues - are to be planted, it must be with the firm determination to root them out as soon as they begin to get too big. The perfect cone-shaped Picea albertiana conica is perfectly charming in its youth, but is no joke when it reaches 72-144 inches (180-360 cms) as it is capable of doing in 15-20 years.

Conifers may be broadly divided into those of

  • upright growth, with cone, pyramidal, columnar or spire-like shape;
  • the rounded, globose or bun-shaped; and
  • the prostrate of low spreading growth, broader than tall.

Since it is, in part, for their shapeliness that they are grown, their placing should receive much thought. It is usually more effective to plant erect-growing conifers on ledges, in pockets or in terraces against a background of rock, rather than on the sky-line.

Conifers look better planted within the rock garden than out at the boundaries. In the case of real dwarfs, it is often effective to make a group planting either of a kind or of contrasting shapes and foliage colours.

The prostrate varieties of conifers can be effectively used to spread their branches over wide stones on ledges or terraces. Used low down in the rock garden, they help to make a rock garden or outcrop look as if it did actually grow out of the soil.

It is with these principles in mind that the following short list of suitable conifers is suggested. The average rock garden soil compost suits, where drainage is good. After planting, young conifers should have their foliage syringed once or twice daily when dry weather comes in the spring and early summer, for drying winds and drought are lethal to these plants.

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana v. ellwoodii. (Lawson False, Ellwood Cypress)

Supplier in UK
 

 

 

 

 

 

Beautiful,dense, fine feathery blue-grey foliage, slenderly pyramidal at first, more columnar as it ages. Often characterized as slow-growing, but can reach 6 feet = 72 inches = 180 cms in 7 years, and 180 inches (450 cms) in 20, so only really suitable for large rock gardens. Can be readily propagated, however, from cuttings, yielding replacements for overgrown specimens.

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana is poisonous.

chamaecypariscfrus1lawsonianawikimediacommons

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana: Female (pollen) cones. By Sten Porse via Wikimedia Commons.

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana minima aurea

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana 'Minima Glauca'

Supplier in UK
 

 

 

 

 

 

Compact, broadly rounded and conical, with fans of soft gold foliage twisted sideways, growing to 72 inches (180 cms) tall, 84-96 inches (210-240 cms) wide at the base in time, so needs adequate room.
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana minima glauca is bluish-grey in foliage, and subject to the same defect of growing too big for most home rock gardens in time.

 

chamaecypariscfrus2lawsonianawikimediacommons

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana: Male (pollen) cones. By Sten Porse via Wikimedia Commons.

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana nana

 

 

 

 

 

Rounded conical, with rich green foliage, and slow-growing to 48 inches (120 cms).

 

 

Chamaecyparis 'Pygmaea Argentea'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

 

 

 

 

 

Low, semi-globose habit, with dark blue-green foliage, tipped silver when young; growing slowly to 24-36 inches (60-90 cms) with as much spread.

 

 

Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Caespitosa'

Supplier in New Zealand

Chamaecyparis obtusa nana

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Chamaecyparis obtusa pygmaea

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA
Supplier in Australia, who grows more than 600 varieties of conifers

 

 

 

 

 

Bun-shaped cushion of dense tufted rich green foliage, and a true miniature not growing more than 4-6 inches (10-15 cms) high in 12 years.
Chamaecyparis obtusa nana, compact and very dwarf, with rich green leaves in fan-like whorls; and
Chamaecyparis obtusa pygmaea, low-growing, with looser fans of bright green, are both good dwarfs, growing well under 12 inches (30 cms), even after many years.

First Choices

 

The purpose of the American Conifer Society is to promote the use of conifers in the garden and landscape and to educate the public about their care and preservation.

 

Chamaecyparis pisifera
'Filifera Nana'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in Australia
Supplier in Canada
Supplier in Poland
Supplier in New Zealand
Supplier in Germany - Bruns has 320 highly skilled and experienced members of staff.
You will be inspired by our projects and references.
In our plant information section you can access descriptions of more than 4000 plant species.

 

 

 

 

 

Low, rounded, wide dome-like hummock of thread-like green foliage, growing very slowly to 12-18 inches (30-45 cms), with 15-21 inches (38-53 cms) spread at the base.

First Choices

chamaecypariscforpisiferafiliferananawikimediacommons

Sawara Cypress var. 'Filifera Nana' (Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Filifera Nana'). By Athantor via Wikimedia Commons.

Chamaecyparis thyoides 'Ericoides'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

 

 

 

 

 

Pyramidal, compact, greyish-green foliage, tending to turn bronzy in winter; slow-growing but ultimately reaching 48-72 inches (120-180 cms), and 48 inches (120 cms) spread at base.

 

 

Cryptomeria japonica
albo-variegata

 

 

 

 

 

Good dwarf, roughly outlined bush form, with green foliage with leaves at tips of shoots white; 24-36 inches (60-90 cms) tall in time. Likes moist soil, out of hot sun.

 

 

Cryptomeria japonica
bandai-sugi

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

 

 

 

 

 

Irregularly pyramidal, with greyish-green foliage retaining its colour the year round; 48-72 inches (120-180 cms) tall, 36-48 inches (90-120 cms) spread in 15-20 years. Likes moist soil.

 

 

Juniperus communis 'Compressa'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

 

 

 

 

 

Erect, closely packed, elliptical cone-shaped pillar of fine blue-grey foliage, taking very many years to reach 24 inches (60 cms), a height not often exceeded. Poisonous Plant.

First choice for trough gardens, and all small rock gardens.

 

Juniperus communis hornibrookii (Juniperus communis prostrata)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in New Zealand

 

 

 

 

 

Attractive, creeping mat-like variety, with grey-green foliage, rarely more than 12 inches (30 cms) high, but spreading up to 72 inches (180 cms) unless checked. Poisonous Plant.

First Choices

 

Juniperus horizontalis procumbens nana

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

 

 

 

 

 

Flat, wide-spreading, fresh green foliage, rarely more than to 18 inches (45 cms) high, but can spread 72-96 inches (180-240 cms) wide.

 

 

Juniperus sabina tamariscifolia

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

 

 

 

 

 

Prostrate-growing, slowly, with branches in wide-spreading tiers of feathery lightish green foliage. May reach 36 inches (90 cms) high with a 72-96 inch (180-240 cms) spread in 20 years. Poisonous Plant.

 

 

Picea abies 'Gregoryana'

Supplier in UK
 

Picea abies humilis

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

 

 

 

 

 

Godd dwarf, dense, hummock-shaped, broad-based, with needle-like, grey-green leaves, radiating spirally on shoots; very slow-growing to 18 inches (45 cms) high, with up to 24 inches (60 cms) spread.
Picea abies humilis is even more dwarf and slow-growing, dense cushion-like growth.

First Choices

 

Picea abies 'Albertiana conica'

 

 

 

 

 

Pleasing conical shape, down to the gound, with closely packed heads of lightish green needle-like leaves, but can outgrow small rock gardens in 10-15 years, and look dominatingly out of place.

 

 

Pinus sylvestris 'Pygmaea' (Pigmy Scots Pine)

Supplier in Canada

 

 

 

 

 

Dwarf, low rounded bush form of the Scots Pine, with somewhat shaggy grey-green leaves, growing slowly to 6 inches (90 cms) in time.

Two Needle Pines by Swindon & District Bonsai

 

Pinus sylvestris 'Beauvronensis'

Supplier in USA

 

 

 

 

 

Pinus sylvestris beauvronensis is similar but taller - growing eventually to 54 inches (135 cms), with a spread of 60-72 inches (150-180 cms).

 

 

Taxus baccata 'Adpressa Aurea'

Supplier in UK
 

 

 

 

 

 

A dwarf, bush-like yew, with golden-green foliage, growing to 48-72 inches (120-180 cms), and spreading somewhat wider, in about 12 years.

 

 

Taxus baccata fastigiata standishii

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Supplier in USA

 

 

 

 

 

Although growing to 48-60 inches (120-150 cms) tall in time, remains a narrow pillar, less than 12 inches (30 cms) through, with bright gold foliage. Planted low in a rock garden, it is always attractive.

The following is from the Royal Horticultural Society advice on Yew:-
Taxus baccata ‘Standishii’ AGM: (female) is a slow-growing selection of ‘Fastigiata’. It is ideal for a sunny site, has a columnar habit with golden yellow leaves. It will eventually reach a height of 1.5m (5ft) by 60cm (2ft) wide. A useful cultivar for creating an ‘exclamation mark’ in the garden.

First Choices

taxuscforbaccatafastigiatawikimediacommons

Taxus baccata 'Fastigiata' in the Arboretum de Chèvreloup in Rocquencourt. By Matthieu Sontag via Wikimedia Commons.

Taxus baccata pygmaea

Supplier in UK
 

 

 

 

 

 

Dwarf, egg-shaped bush, with green foliage, growing to 18 inches (45 cms) high, 12 inches (30 cms) through.

First Choices

 

Thuja occidentalis ellwangeriana 'Rheingold'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

 

 

 

 

 

Conical, upright habit, with beautiful golden foliage that turns bronze in winter, growing to about 36 inches (90 cms) in 10 years. Easily propagated from cuttings.

First Choices

 

Thuja orientalis 'Minima Glauca' (Platycladus orientalis redirected from Thuja orientalis)

Supplier in Australia
Supplier in USA

 

 

 

 

 

Completely dwarf, globose in shape, with minute grey-green leaves, turning bronze in winter, up to 9 inches (23 cms) tall.

First Choices

 

Thuja plicata 'Hillerieri'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

 

 

 

 

 

Dwarf with densley packed branchlets, sometimes modified into slender, whippy tip shoots; growing slowly up to about 24 inches (60 cms).

 

 

 

The Rhododendron Species Foundation & Botanical Garden is in Washington, USA:-

"The Rhododendron Species Foundation & Botanical Garden is a non-profit membership organization dedicated to the conservation, public display, and distribution of Rhododendron species. Home to one of the largest collections of species rhododendrons in the world, the garden displays over 700 of the more than 1,000 species found in the wilds of North America, Europe, and Asia, as well as the tropical regions of southeast Asia and northern Australia. Conservation has come to be of primary importance in recent years with the destruction of Rhododendron habitat in many areas of the world."

 

Slow Growing and Dwarf Conifers from The Gardeners Guild - The Trade Network for Qualified Gardeners (The Gardeners Guild is a national trade network for professionally qualified gardeners. Our members are self-employed gardeners who offer garden and grounds maintenance as part of their services.):-

There are so many conifers to choose from it is difficult to know where to begin. With so much choice comes variety with many different shapes, colours and sizes. The cheapest conifers are often the conifers that grow most quickly but these can quickly get out of hand. Below is a list of dwarf and slow growing conifers ideal for specific positions in your garden where the size of the mature plant needs to be predictable.

Abies

  • Abies balsamea - ‘Nana’
  • Abies koreana - ‘Compact dwarf’
  • Abies koreana - 'Nana'
  • Abies koreana - 'Oberon'
  • Abies koreana - 'Silberlocke'
  • Abies nordmanniana - 'Golden Spreader'

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana

  • Chamaecyparis lawsoniana - ‘Aurea Densa’
  • Chamaecyparis lawsoniana - 'Cream Glow'
  • Chamaecyparis lawsoniana - ‘Ellwoodii’
  • Chamaectparis lawsoniana - ‘Ellwoods Gold’
  • Chamaecyparis lawsoniana - ‘Ellwoods Gold Pillar’
  • Chamaecyparis lawsoniana - ‘Ellwoods Pillar’
  • Chamaecyparis lawsoniana - ‘Ellwoods Treasure’
  • Chamaecyparis lawsoniana - ‘Gimbornii’
  • Chamaecyparis lawsoniana - 'Gnome'
  • Chamaecyparis lawsoniana - 'Golden Pot'
  • Chamaecyparis lawsoniana - ‘Green Globe’
  • Chamaecyparis lawsoniana - ‘Minima Aurea’
  • Chamaecyparis lawsoniana - ‘Minima Glauca’
  • Chamaecyparis lawsoniana - ‘Nana Albospica’
  • Chamaecyparis lawsoniana - 'Nymph'
  • Chamaecyparis lawsoniana - ‘Pygmaea Argentea’
  • Chamaecyparis lawsoniana - ‘Silver Threads’
  • Chamaecyparis lawsoniana - ‘Snow White’
  • Chamaecyparis lawsoniana - ‘Springtime’

Chamaecyparis obtusa

  • Chamaecyparis obtusa - 'Aurea'
  • Chamaecyparis obtusa - 'Confucius'
  • Chamaecyparis obtusa - ‘Karamachiba’
  • Chamaecyparis obtusa - 'Kosteri'
  • Chamaecyparis obtusa - ‘Nana Aurea’
  • Chamaecyparis obtusa - ‘Nana Gracillis’
  • Chamaecyparis obtusa - 'Nana Lutea'
  • Chamaecyparis obtusa - ‘Templehof’
  • Chamaecyparis obtusa - 'Tonia'

Chamaecyparis pisifera

  • Chamaecyparis pisifera - ‘Boulevard’
  • Chamaecyparis pisifera - 'Curly Tops'
  • Chamaecyparis pisifera - 'Devon Cream'
  • Chamaecyparis pisifera - 'Honiton Lace'
  • Chamaecyparis pisifera - ‘Nana’
  • Chamaecyparis pisifera - ‘Nana Aureovariegata’
  • Chamaecyparis pisifera - 'Plumosa Aurea Nana'
  • Chamaecyparis pisifera - 'Compressa'
  • Chamaecyparis pisifera -‘Plumosa Juniperoides’
  • Chamaecyparis pisifera - ‘Sungold’

Chamaecyparis thoides

  • Chamaecyparis thyoides - ‘Andelyensis’
  • Chamaecyparis thyoides - ‘Rubicon’
  • Chamaecyparis thyoides - 'Top Point'

Cryptomeria japonica

  • Cryptomeria japonica - 'Compressa'
  • Cryptomeria japonica - ‘Golden Promise’
  • Cryptomeria japonica - ‘Vilmoriniana’

Juniperus chinensis

  • Juniperus chinensis - ‘Pyramidalis’

Juniperus communis

  • Juniperus communis - 'Brynhyfryd Gold'
  • Juniperus communis- ‘Compressa’
  • Juniperus communis - ’Gold Cone’

Juniperus Squamata

  • Juniperus squamata - 'Blue Star'

Picea abies

  • Picea abies ‘Hystrix'
  • Picea abies ‘Little Gem'
  • Picea abies - ‘Nidiformis’
  • Picea abies - ‘Remontii’

Picea glauca

  • Picea glauca - 'Alberta Blue'
  • Picea glauca - ‘Albertiana Conica’
  • Picea glauca ‘Albertiana Globe’
  • Picea glauca - 'JW Daisy's White'
  • Picea glauca - 'Laurin'
  • Picea glauca - 'Sanders Blue'

Picea mariana

  • Picea mariana - 'Nana'

Picea Pungens

  • Picea Pungens - 'Globosa'

Pinus densiflora

  • Pinus densiflora - 'Alice Verdake'
  • Pinus densiflora - ‘Umbraculifera’

Pinus leucodermis

  • Pinus leucodermis - ‘Compact Gem’
  • Pinus leucodermis - 'Smidtii'

Pinus mugo

  • Pinus mugo - ‘Gnom’
  • Pinus mugo - 'Hibernica'
  • Pinus mugo - 'Humpy'
  • Pinus mugo - 'Lodge Hill'
  • Pinus mugo - ‘Mops’
  • Pinus mugo - 'Ophir'
  • Pinus mugo - 'Pumilo'

Pinus parviflora

  • Pinus parviflora - ‘Adcocks Dwarf’
  • Pinus parviflora - ‘Glauca’

Pinus sylvestrus

  • Pinus sylvestrus - ‘Fastigiata’

Podocarpus

  • Podocarpus - ‘Blaze’
  • Podocarpus - ‘County Park Fire’
  • Podocarpus - ‘Cover Girl’
  • Podocarpus - ‘Kilworth Cream’
  • Podocarpus - 'Otari'
  • Podocarpus - 'Prince'
  • Podocarpus - ‘Red Tip’

Taxus baccata

  • Taxus baccata - ‘Aureomarginata’
  • Taxus baccata - ‘Fastigiata Aurea’

Thuja occidentalis

  • Thuja occidentalis - 'Amber Glow'
  • Thuja occidentalis - ‘Danica’
  • Thuja occientalis - ‘Hetz Midget’
  • Thuja occidentalis - ‘Rheingold’
  • Thuja occidentalis - 'Sunkist'
  • Thuja occidentalis - ‘Teddy’
  • Thuja occidentalis - ‘Tiny Tim’
  • Thuja occidentalis - ' Trompenburg'

Thuja orientalis

  • Thuja orientalis - ‘Aurea Nana’
  • Thuja orientalis - ‘Autumn Glow’
  • Thuja orientalis - 'Minima’

Tsuga Canadensis

  • Tsuga canadensis - 'Fantana’
  • Tsuga canadensis - 'Jeddolah’ "

 

Find Me Plants in the UK has the page with links to these Plant Top Tens Pages:-

"Welcome to FindMePlants at a glance plant listings. These listings exist as an add-on to our plant finder and provide the gardener with plant suggestions for very particular - usually difficult - conditions. Click on the links below to view our top ten planting suggestions. Or if you are looking for the best way to find the ideal plants for your particular garden, give our Plant Finder a try.

  • Low maintenance tough shrubs for dry sandy soil & full Sun
  •  
  • Drought tolerant herbaceous plants for dry sandy soil & sunny exposed locations
  •  
  • Drought tolerant ground cover for dry sandy soil & sunny exposed locations
  •  
  • Acid tolerant shrubs for border & specimen planting
  •  
  • Acid tolerant herbaceous flowering plants for herbaceous planting & mixed borders
  •  
  • Acid tolerant ground cover plants for low borders and mixed planting
  •  
  • Clay tolerant herbaceous flowering plants for herbaceous borders & mixed planting
  •  
  • Clay tolerant trees and shrubs for heavy problem soils
  •  
  • Clay tolerant low maintenance ground cover plants for borders and problem areas
  •  
  • Shrubs that will tolerate shallow chalk or alkaline soils in exposed locations
  •  
  • Herbaceous plants and flowers that will tolerate shallow chalk or alkaline soils
  •  
  • Low growing ground cover plants that will tolerate shallow chalk or alkaline soils
  •  
  • Shrubs that can tolerate very exposed coastal planting conditions
  •  
  • Herbaceous flowers, ground cover and architectural plants that will tolerate exposed coastal planting
  •  
  • Fast growing shrubs that will provide privacy and quick screening
  •  
  • Low growing shrubs to cover the ground in full sun on hot dry soil
  •  
  • Evergreen low growing shrubs to cover the ground in part sun or shade
  •  
  • Shade tolerant shrubs for mixed border, woodland or specimen planting
  •  
  • Herbaceous flowering plants that will flourish in shade and suit borders or planting under trees
  •  
  • Ground cover and low growing plants for Shade
  •  
  • Shrubs with scented blossom for mixed borders, wall planting and as specimen plants
  •  
  • Herbaceous flowering plants and herbs with scented blossom
  •  
  • Climbers with scented blossom for training up walls or pergolas
  •  
  • Trees that will flourish in wet and occasionally water logged soil
  •  
  • Grasses for dry sandy soils and sunny hot planting locations
  •  
  • Herbaceous flowers and herbs with attractive scented foliage
  •  
  • Shrubs with impressive ornamental fruit for winter colour
  •  
  • Herbaceous plants that will tolerate wet and occasionally water logged soil
  •  
  • Drought tolerant herbaceous plants for dry soils in full sun
  •  
  • Herbaceous flowering plants for compacted and waterlogged heavy clay soil
  •  
  • Shrubs that will flourish on well drained acid soils
  •  
  • Shrubs that will tolerate heavy clay soils
  •  
  • Summer flowering nectar rich shrubs to attract bees and other insects
  •  
  • Trees that will tolerate shallow chalk or alkaline soils in exposed locations
  •  
  • Herbaceous perennials with aromatic foliage
  •  
  • Herbaceous perennials for winter foliage impact
  •  
  • Plants For Hot Dry Sun And Dry Droughty Soils
  •  
  • Trees & Shrubs For Acid Soils
  •  
  • Herbaceous Plants for Heavy Clay
  •  
  • Trees & Shrubs For Heavy Clay
  •  
  • Trees & Shrubs For Alkaline, Chalky Soils
  •  
  • Herbaceous Perennials For Chalky Alkaline Soils
  •  
  • Plants For Extreme Coastal Conditions
  •  
  • Plants For Screening
  •  
  • Drought Tolerant Trees And Shrubs For Dry Sandy Soil And Full Sun
  •  
  • Drought Tolerant Herbaceous Plants For Dry Sandy Soil & Sunny Exposed Locations"

 

Glendoick in Scotland with its Garden:-

"You can see one of the finest collections of rhododendrons and azaleas, primula, meconopsis, kalmia and sorbus in our woodland garden, peat garden and nursery.

Many of the Rhododendron and azalea species and hybrids have been introduced from the wild or bred by the Cox family and the gardens boast a huge range of plants from as far afield as Chile, Tasmania and Tibet.

Three New waterfall viewing platforms have been built in the woodland gardens. You can also take a glimpse into the fascinating world of hybridising in the walled garden where you'll find new as yet unnamed hybrids from the Glendoick breeding programme trial beds.

Peter and Kenneth Cox have written numerous books on rhododendrons and gardens. Kenneth Cox's book Scotland for Gardeners describes 500 of Scotland's finest gardens:-

PUBLICATIONS BY Peter Cox

• Modern Rhododendrons, Nelson 1956. Euan H.M. Cox and Peter A. Cox.
• Modern Shrubs, Nelson 1958. Euan H.M. Cox and Peter A. Cox.
• Modern Trees, Nelson 1961. Euan H.M. Cox and Peter A. Cox.
• The Royal Horticultural Society's Wisley Handbook Rhododendrons, Peter Cox. 5th Editions-first published 1971.
• Dwarf Rhododendrons, Batsford, 1973, Peter A. Cox
• The Larger Species of Rhododendron, Batsford, 1979, 1981, Peter A. Cox.
• The Smaller Rhododendrons, Batsford 1985 Peter Cox- cultivation information and species and hybrid descriptions.
• The Larger Rhododendron Species Batsford 1990. Updated version of The larger Species.
• Encyclopedia of Rhododendron Hybrids- 1988. Peter & Kenneth Cox. 
• Cox's Guide to Choosing Rhododendrons 1990. Peter & Kenneth Cox. 
• The Encyclopedia of Rhododendron Species Glendoick Publishing 1997 
• Seeds of Adventure ACC 2008 (with Sir Peter Hutchison). Lavishly Illustrated account of 20 plant hunting expeditions.

 

PUBLICATIONS by Kenneth Cox

• The Encyclopedia of Rhododendron Hybrids Batsford 1988 (With Peter A. Cox)
• A Plantsman's Guide to Rhododendrons Ward Lock 1989
• Cox's Guide to Choosing Rhododendrons Batsford 1990 (with Peter Cox)
• The Encyclopedia of Rhododendron Species Glendoick Publications 1997, 2nd ed. 2001 (with Peter Cox)
• Rhododendrons, A Hamlyn Care Manual. Hamlyn 1998. Translated in French, Dutch, Swedish, Danish.
• Riddle of the Tsangpo Gorges by Frank Kingdon Ward. New Edition, ed. Kenneth Cox, Antique Collector's Club 2001, 2007
• Glendoick, A Guide Glendoick Publishing 2005, 2010, 2014
• Rhododendrons and Azaleas: A Colour Guide Crowood Press 2005, 2014
• Garden Plants for Scotland Frances Lincoln 2008 (with Raoul Curtis Machin), New Edition 2015.
• Scotland for Gardeners Birlinn  2009   Garden Media Guild  Inspirational Book of the Year 2009, new edition 2014
• Fruit and Vegetables for Scotland  (with Caroline Beaton) Birlinn 2012  Garden Reference Book of the Year 2012, 2014"
 

My name is Innes Hogg and my wife, Nicola, and I run Craigiehall Nursery, a small nursery in southern Scotland specialising in alpine and rock plants. We operate our nursery entirely on our own, without help. We propagate and grow every plant we sell. We are growers, not traders.

We have been in business on this site growing and selling alpine plants for over 28 years. We have both been in horticulture for over 35 years and each of us has a Diploma in Horticulture. For many years we concentrated on growing alpine plants wholesale for other nurseries and garden centres but we now grow a selected range of plants for sale exclusively through this website. I think this makes us unique - for other nurseries a website is simply another revenue stream, for us, it is our only income. Please note - the nursery does not open to the public.

We grow a very wide range of alpine and rock garden plants - we have over 500 different varieties on the nursery. Some are quite common, others much less so, but they are all good plants. Some of our range can be more of a challenge to the grower and gardener but the majority stand a very good chance (with a little care and 'gardening') of succeeding in most gardens. We aim to grow plants that you will enjoy and have success with, not difficult, expensive rarities. Our online Plant Shop describes all our plants and offers tips on how to grow them. We don't grow large numbers of any single plant - we try to produce small, succesive batches so we can offer a wide range at all times.

We mostly propagate from cuttings - it's often the only way to raise all the better, named forms and all the variegated, coloured leaved plants which add colour to our gardens. This requires skill and great attention to detail - exactly what we are good at. We also grow some things from divisions and some from seed but avoid the very easy (and cheaper) seed-raised varieties that are widely available. 

When I say, "grow", I mean just that - we keep our own stock (mother) plants from which we take cuttings (or save seeds from) and root, pot, water and care for every single plant we sell. We do not buy plants to resell nor do we buy plants to simply pot up and sell. This means we know about every plant we grow and it allows us to offer a selection far beyond what is available in any garden centre. Everything we do is 'hand-crafted'.

Many nurseries specialise in certain plants - we don't, we like to offer a wide range of alpine plants (and only alpine plants). We have collected an excellent range of Helianthemum; we grow many of the better Saxifraga; we have a wide range of named Sempervivum which we grow to the highest standards and we always have a good range of honest (at long last an honest plant that does what it says on the tin!!!), reliable alpines for garden planting. We don't do cheap and cheerful. We are able to offer some plants which are often hard to find - Erigeron 'Canary Bird', our range of Saxifraga oppositifolia and an eclectic range of range of less readily available, but desirable plants. All packed up with great care and delivered your home.

We mix our own special peat-free compost for almost all our range. We do still use some peat - the few acid-loving plants we grow don't do so well in our peat-free mix - but we're working towards being entirely peat-free and we're almost there. We also include a good proportion of high quality, sterilised loam (soil) in our potting mixes - the plants like it and it really does improve the plants' ability to establish in the garden. Whilst on about 'green' issues, we minimise pesticide use and reduce, re-use and recycle wherever possible. If you order plants they may well arrive in reused boxes and packaging so don't be excited (or alarmed) if a box of Finest Scotch Whisky arrives! 

Everything we grow spends a good part of its life outside to give a good, well-grown, hardy plant, but given our location we can't over-winter every plant outside, though many will. We have several polytunnels we use but they are completely unheated, well ventilated even in winter and act only to keep the winter rain and snow off those plants which need it. It's not that the plants are in any way tender, but at the early stages of a plants' life they do need a certain amount of protection. That is why nurseries are called nurseries after all - to nurse things. We also like to send plants which are thriving, not simply clinging on to life just because they can and a little winter protection helps us do that for early spring orders.

And we're not in this to make a fortune. Just as well, eh?  We started off with nothing - and we still have most of it left!  

Happy gardening!

 Innes and Nicola Hogg - Trading in partnership as Craigiehall Nursery, Carnwath, Lanark, South Lanarkshire, ML11 8LH" 

"When the stones are in place and the soil filled in and firmed, it is timely to consider the foundation plantings. These are the plants that are likely to remain with us many years, even a lifetime, and by their permanence vitally and everlastingly influence the character and appeal of the garden and its setting.

In the rock garden these plants are the dwarf alpine shrub and conifers. They are in the nature of living furnishings, and

  • by their shape and habit can do much to clothe the bare rawness of rocks,
  • soften harsh lines,
  • give a year-round interest to the rock garden scene,
  • strike a note of accent here,
  • lend harmony there, and
  • provide floral or foliage colour too.

These plants are usually the first to go in;

  • the deciduous shrubs may be planted from late October to March whenever the weather is mild enough, and the soil can be worked and trodden on without being puddled or unduly compacted;
  • the evergreen shrubs and conifers may be planted in September to early November if the ground is ready for them, but otherwise should be planted in April-May just before their new growth starts.

The technique of planting is similar to that for other trees and shrubs. A planting hole should be made at least half as wide again as the present spread of the roots of the plant, with a rounded base like an inverted saucer. Most dwarf shrubs can be set with their lowest shoots or branches just resting on the soil surface, but conifers and plants on a single stem should be placed so that the soil reaches only to the soil mark on their stems made by the nursery planting.

Soil is sifted in and firmed with finger pressure to the roots, and pressed down when completed without making it ironhard. Evergreens and conifers provided with roots in a soil ball only need to have the outer wrapping of hesian or polythene removed. Plants out of pots need drainage crocks removed with a pointed stick, and any roots wrapped around the inside wall of the pot should be straightened out with a minimum disturbance of the soil. After planting, a careful soaking of the soil will help further to settle it to the roots."

 

Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill Plants Index Gallery:
Alpine - Alpine Shrubs and Conifers - Page 2 on Alpine Conifers

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 1
PAGES

Site Map

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY PAGES Links to pages in Table alongside on the left with Garden Design Topic Pages

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

Plant Type
 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 with its Cultivation Requirements

Alpines for Rock Garden (See Rock Garden Plant Flowers)

Alpine Shrubs and Conifers

The Alpine Meadow
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

The Alpine Border
1
, 2

Alpine Plants for a Purpose

The Alpines that Dislike Lime 1, 2

Alpines and Walls
Dry Sunny Walls 1a, b
Tops of Walls 2a, b
Dry Shady and Conifers 3a, b

Alpines and
Paving
1
, 2

Sink and Trough gardens
1
, 2

Aquatic
(Water Plants) for

Anti-erosion River-bank

Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants)
1
, 2

Oxy-genating Weeds

Water Lilies

Floating Plants

Water-side Plants
and Plants for Dry Margins next to a Pond
1
, 2

Wildlife Pond Plants

Annual for

----------------



 

 

ANY PLANT TYPE for
Cut Flowers in
January 1, 2
February
March 1, 2
April
May 1, 2
June 1, 2
July 1, 2
August
September
October
November
December

Exposed Sites

Sheltered Sites with Green-house Annuals from 1916

Extra Poor Soil with Half-Hardy Annuals from 1916

Very Rich Soil with Biennials from 1916

Gap-filling in Mixed Borders with Hardy Annuals from 1916

Patio Con-tainers

Cut Flowers
1
, 2, 3 Ever-lasting Flowers with Red Flowers from 1916

Attract-ing bene-ficial insects
1
, 2

Scent / Fra-grance with Annuals for Cool or Shady Places from 1916

Low-allergen Gardens for Hay Fever Sufferers

Annual Plant Pairing Ideas and Colour Schemes with Annuals
1
, 2

Low-Growing Annuals
1
, 2

Medium-Growing Annuals

Tall-Growing Annuals with White Flowers from 1916

Black or Brown Flowers

Blue to Purple Flowers

Green Flowers with Annuals and Biennials from 1916

Red to Pink Flowers and Cut Flowers
Page
1
, 2, 3

White Flowers
1
, 2

Yellow or Orange Flowers
1
, 2

Dec-orative Foliage

Moist Soil

Shade
1
, 2

House-plants with Yellow Flowers from 1916

Edging Beds

Hanging Baskets

Vining Annuals

 

Bedding for

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Autumn/ Winter Bedding

Bedding for Light Sandy Soil

Bedding for Acid Soil

Bedding for Chalky Soil

Bedding for Clay Soil

Black Flowers

Blue Flowers

Orange Flowers

Pink Flowers

Long Flowering

Coloured Leaves

Attract-ive to Wildlife including Bees, Butterflies and Moths

Purple Flowers

Red Flowers

White Flowers

Yellow Flowers

Multi-Coloured Flowers

Aromatic Foliage or Scented Flowers

Bedding Plant Use

Flowers with 2 Petals

Flowers with 3 Petals

Flowers with
4 Petals

Flowers with 5 Petals

Flowers with 6 Petals

Flowers with more than 6 Petals

Use in Hanging Baskets

Flower Simple Shape

Shape of
Stars

Shape of
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Shape of
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Shape of
Trumpets and Funnels

Shape of
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

Use in Pots and Troughs

Flower Elabo-rated Shape

Shape of
Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Shape of
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Shape of
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

 

Use in
Screen-ing

Use in
Window Boxes

Shape of
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

Shape of
Discs and Florets

Shape of
Pin-Cushions and Tufts

Shape of
Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

 

Use in Bedding Out

Use in
Filling In

Biennial for

Cottage and Other Gardens
1
, 2

Cut Flower with Biennials for Rock Work from 1916

Patio Con-tainers with Biennials for Pots in Green-house / Con-servatory

Bene-ficial to Wildlife with Purple and Blue Flowers from 1916

Scent with Biennials for Sunny Banks or Borders from 1916

 

 

Bulb for
--------------
Explan-ation Intro to Bulbs
--------------
725 Blue, White, Yellow, Unusual Colour, or Red-Purple-Pink flowering Bulbs in each month they flower.

Indoor Bulbs for
Dec-ember
January
February

Indoor Bulbs for
March
April
May

Indoor
Bulbs for
June
July
August

Indoor Bulbs for Sep-tember
October
November

Bulbs in Window-boxes
1
, 2

Bulbs in the Border

Bulbs natural-ised in Grass

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Dec-Jan
Feb-Mar

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Apr-May
Jun-Aug 1, 2, 3, 4

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Sep-Oct
Nov-Dec

Any Plant Type Blooming in Smallest of Gardens

Bulbs for the Bulb Frame

Bulbs in the Wood-land Garden

Bulbs in the Rock Garden

Bulbs in Green-house or Stove

Achi-menes, Alocasias, Amorpho-phalluses, Aris-aemas, Arums, Begonias, Bomar-eas, Calad-iums

Clivias,
Colo-casias, Crinums, Cyclam-ens, Cyrt-anthuses, Euchar-ises, Urceo-charis, Eurycles

Freesias, Gloxinias, Hae-manthus, Hipp-eastrums

Lachen-alias, Nerines, Lycorises, Pen-cratiums, Hymen-ocallises, Richardias, Sprekelias, Tuberoses, Vallotas, Watsonias, Zephy-ranthes

Bulbs in Bowls

Bulbs in the Alpine House

Hardy Bulbs

Aconitum, Allium, Alstroe-meria, Anemone 1, 1a

Amaryllis, Antheri-cum, Antholy-zas, Apios, Arisaema, Arum, Aspho-deline,

Aspho-delus, Belam-canda, Bloom-eria, Brodiae, Bulbo-codium

Calo-chorti, Cyclo-bothras, Camassia, Col-chicum, Con-vallaria,
Forcing Lily of the Valley, Corydalis, Crinum, Crosmia, Mon-tbretia , Crocus

Cyclamen, Dicentra, Dierama, Eranthis, Eremurus, Ery-thrnium, Eucomis

Fritillaria, Funkia, Gal-anthus, Galtonia, Gladiolus, Hemero-callis

Hya-cinth, Hya-cinths in Pots,
Scilla, Pusch-kinia, Chion-odoxa, Chiono-scilla, Muscari

Iris,
Kniphofia, Lapey-rousia, Leucojum

Lilium,

Lilium in Pots, Malvastrum, Merendera, Milla, Narcissus, Narcissi in Pots

Orni-thogalum, Oxalis, Paeonia, Ran-unculus, Romulea, Sanguin-aria,
Stern-bergia,
Schi-zostylis, Teco-philaea, Trillium

Tulip,
Zephy-ranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs

Acidan-thera, Albuca, Alstroe-meri, Andro-stephium, Bassers, Boussing-aultias, Bravoas, Cypellas, Dahlias, Galaxis,
Geis-sorhizas, Hesper-anthas

Gladioli, Ixias,
Sparaxises, Babianas, Morphixias, Tritonias

Ixio-lirions, Moraeas, Orni-thogal-ums, Oxalises, Phaedra-nassas,
Pan-cratiums, Tigridias, Zephyr-anthes, Cooper-ias

Bulbs for Bedding

Plant each Bedding Plant with a Ground, Edging or Dot Plant for
Spring
1
, 2
or
Summer
1
, 2

Climber 3 sector Vertical Plant System with

Any Plant Type flowers in
Jan,
Feb,
Mar,
Apr,
May 1, 2
Jun,
Jul,
Aug,
Sep,
Oct,
Nov,
Dec
 

----------
Choosing the right Plant

1a.
The Base -
Base of Wall Plants

1b.
Annuals

1c.
Herbs and Vege-tables

1d.
Cut
flowers, Cut Foliage

1e.
Scented flower or foliage

1f.
Foliage use only

 

2a. 1,2,3,4
The Prime - Wall Shrubs

2b.
Fruit trees

3a.
The Higher Reaches -
House-wall Ramblers

3b. 1,2
Non-House-Wall - Climbing Twiners

3c.
Non-House-Wall - Self-clinging Climbers

Raised
Bed
for Wheel-chair Users

Plants for Wildlife-Use as well

Fastest Covering

Least prot-ruding growth when fan-trained

1, 2
Evergreen

Use as
Hedge

Exposed Positions

Use as Ground-cover

1,2
Ornam-ental Fruit

Scented Flowers

1, 2
Autumn Foliage Colour

Winter Bark

Winter and Early Spring Flowers

Summer Colour or Shape of Foliage

Edible Fruit

Needs Conserv-atory or Green-house

Large
Pots and Con-tainers
1
, 2

Cut Flowers

Attractive to Bees

Climber - Simple Flower Shape

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a
Stars

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1a1a1a1a1a1a
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord2
Trumpets and Funnels

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming
Salver-form

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14q1a1a1a1a1a
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

 

Climber - Elabo-rated Flower Shape

prunellaflotgrandiflora
Tubes, Lips and Straps

aquilegiacfloformosafoord
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14u1a1a1a1a1a1
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14v1a1a1a1a1a1
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock
Disks and Florets

andosacecforyargongensiskevock
Pin-cushions, Tufts, Petal-less and Cushions

armeriaflomaritimakevock
Umbels, Buttons and Pompoms

 

STAGE 4A 12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Brown

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Cream

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
White

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1 Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Multi-Colou-red

1
Each Flower Diff-

1
erent Colour

 

STAGE 4B 12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
Deciduous Shrubs or Trees, Herbaceous Perennials or Bulbs- if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.
Evergreen Shrubs or Trees, Evergreen Perennials - if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.

Jan Win

Feb Win

Mar Spr

Apr Spr

May Spr

Jun Sum

Jul Sum

Aug Sum

Sep Aut

Oct Aut

Nov Aut

Dec Win

Decid
Herba

Ever-green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Black

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Bronze

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Grey

1
White

1
Silver

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Varie-gated

1

1

1

1

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


Site design and content copyright ©April 2016.
Top menus revised June 2018. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

Ivydene
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Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders - was first published in 1977 and this paperback edition was published on 1 August 1994 ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-
This comprehensive book looks at scented flowers and leaves of plants from all over the world. The work has been prepared to the standards of the Index Kewensis, and is filled with the most interesting facts about the scented flora of the world.

I am using the above book from someone who took 30 years to compile it from notes made of his detailed observations of growing plants in preference to
The RHS Companion to Scented Plants Hardcover – 16 Oct 2014 by Stephen Lacey (Author), Andrew Lawson (Photographer) ISBN 978-0-7112-3574-8 even though this is the only major reference work on scent and scented plants which is endorsed by the Royal Horticultural Society. See reasons for stopping infilling of previous Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page.

The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950 by Faber and Faber Limited describes every method of propagation for 2,500 species. Unlike modern books published since 1980, this one states exactly what to do and is precisely what you require if you want to increase your alpines.

Topic
Case Studies
Companion Planting

...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design

...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants

...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
Bulb
Climber

 

Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12

All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index

All Foliage 212
All Spring Foliage 212

All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212
Rock Plant Flowers 53

 

Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
...Infill Plants *
...Infill2 Plants
...Infill3 Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...All2 Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

 

Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods

Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable

Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

 

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY

 

Cultivation Requirements of Plant

Outdoor / Garden Cultivation

1

Indoor / House Cultivation

1

Cool Greenhouse (and Alpine House) Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter

1

Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year

1

Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

1

 

Sun Aspect

Full Sun

1

Part Shade

1

Full Shade

1

 

Soil Type

Any Soil

1

Chalky Soil

1

Clay Soil

1

Lime-Free Soil

1

Peaty Soil

1

Sandy Soil

1

Acid Soil

1

Alkaline Soil

1

Badly-drained Soil

1

 

Soil Moisture

Dry

1

Moist

1

Wet

1

 

Position for Plant

Back of Shady Border

1

Back of Shrub Border

1

Bedding

1

Bog Garden

1

Coastal Conditions / Seaside

1

Container in Garden

1

Front of Border

1

Ground Cover 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

1

Ground Cover 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

1

Ground Cover Over 72 inches (180 cms)

1

Hanging Basket

1

Hedge

1

Hedge - Thorny

1

Pollution Barrier

1

Pond

1

Pot in House, Greenhouse, Conservatory or Stovehouse

1

Raised Bed

1

Rest of Border

1

Rock Garden

1

Scree Bed

1

Speciman on Lawn

1

Sunny Border

1

Tree for Lawn

1

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden

1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9, 10,
11,12,
13,14,
15,16,
uses of tree/ shrub

Wildflower

1

Windbreak

1

Woodland

1

 

Use of Plant

Pollen or nectar for Bees

1

Hosts to Butterflies

1

Encouraging birds / wildlife, providing food and shelter

1

Bee-Pollinated plants for Hay Fever Sufferers

1

Berries / Fruit

1

Dry Site in Full Sun

1

Dry Shade

1

Filtering noise

1

Flower Arrange-ments

Growing Plants for the Church

1



1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9,10,
11,12,
13,14

Fragrant Flower

1

Language of Flowers

1

Low maintenance

1

Moist Shade

1

Moist and swampy Sites

1

Nitrogen fixing plants

1

Not Fragrant Flower

1

Rabbit-Resistant

1

Speciman Plant

1

Thornless

1

Tolerant of Poor Soil

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Plant Foliage

Aromatic Foliage

1

Autumn Foliage

1

Finely Cut Leaves

1

Large Leaves

1

Yellow Variegated Foliage

1

White Variegated Foliage

1

Red / Purple Variegated Foliage

1

Silver, Grey and Glaucous Foliage

1

Sword-shaped Leaves

1

 

 

Flower Shape

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less
lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

1 Petal

1

2 Petals

1

3 Petals
irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

4 Petals
aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

5 Petals
anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Above 5
anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars
anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bowls
 

1

Cups and Saucers
euphorbiacflo1wallichiigarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Globes
paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Goblets and Chalices
paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Trumpets
acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Funnels
stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bells
digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Thimbles
fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Urns
ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Salverform

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

Flower Shape - Elaborated

Tubes, Lips and Straps
prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets
aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Hats, Hoods and Helmets
acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Standards, Wings and Keels
lathyrusflotvernus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Discs and Florets
brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pin-Cushions
echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Tufts
centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Cushion
androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Umbel
agapanthuscflos1campanulatusalbidusgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Buttons
argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pompoms
armeriacflomaritimakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Natural Arrangements

Bunches, Posies, Sprays
bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Columns, Spikes and Spires
ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Whorls, Tiers and Candelabra
lamiumflotorvala2a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Plumes and Tails
astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Chains and Tassels
 

1

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades
 

1

Spheres, Domes (Clusters), Plates and Drumsticks
androsacecfor1albanakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Shrub, Tree Shape

Columnar
ccolumnarshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Oval
covalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Rounded or Spherical
croundedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Flattened Spherical
cflattenedsphericalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Conical / Narrow Pyramidal
cnarrowconicalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Conical / Broad Pyramidal
cbroadpyramidalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Ovoid /
Egg-Shaped

ceggshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Ovoid
cbroadovoidshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Vase-shaped / Inverted Ovoid
cnarrowvaseshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Fan-Shaped /Vase-Shaped
cfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Fan-Shaped / Broad Vase-Shaped
cbroadfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Weeping
cnarrowweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Weeping
cbroadweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Palm

1

 

Conifer Cone

1

 

Form

Arching

1

Climbing

1

Clump-Forming

1

Mat-Forming

1

Mound-Forming

1

Prostrate

1

Spreading

1

Stemless

1

Upright

1

 

Poisonous Plant

1

 

STAGE 1
GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark
1
, 2, 3

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2

Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

Scented Aquatic Plants
1


Plants with Scented Fruits
1


Plants with Scented Roots
1
, 2

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood
1


Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums
1


Scented Cacti and Succulents
1


Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell
1
, 2
 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 3

Fan-trained Shape
fantrainedshape2a1a1a

From Rhododendrons, boxwood, azaleas, clematis, novelties, bay trees, hardy plants, evergreens : novelties bulbs, cannas novelties, palms, araucarias, ferns, vines, orchids, flowering shrubs, ornamental grasses and trees book, via Wikimedia Commons

 

Ramblers Scramblers & Twiners by Michael Jefferson-Brown (ISBN 0 - 7153 - 0942 - 0) describes how to choose, plant and nurture over 500 high-performance climbing plants and wall shrubs, so that more can be made of your garden if you think not just laterally on the ground but use the vertical support structures including the house as well.

The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A Guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. (ISBN 0-670-82929-3) provides the lists for 'Choosing the right Shrub or Climber' together with Average Height and Spread after 5 years, 10 years and 20 years.

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3


Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club.
Published in 1962. It provides most of the data about the Alpines.

Plant Solutions 1000+ suggestions for every garden situation by Nigel Colborn ISBN
13:978
0 00 719312 7, provides many of the plants for the pages in these Galleries.

Essential Annuals The 100 Best for Design and Cultivation. Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell. ISBN 0-517-66177-2, provides data about annuals.

Indoor Bulb
Growing by
Edward Pearson
. Published by Purnell & Sons, Ltd in 1953. It provides the data about Indoor Bulbs and Bulbs in
Window-boxes.

Colour All The
Year In My Garden
: A selection of choice varieties - annuals, biennials, perennials, bulbs, climbers and trees and shrubs - that will give a continuity of colour
in the garden throughout the year. Edited by C.H. Middleton. Gardening Book
from Ward, Lock & Co published in 1938, provides plant data for a calendar of plants in bloom throughout the year and for those in the smallest garden.
The Book of Bulbs by S. Arnott, F.R.H.S. Printed by
Turnbull & Spears, Edinburgh in 1901. This provides data about Hardy Bulbs, Half-Hardy Bulbs, Greenhouse and Stove Bulbs.

Collins Guide to
Bulbs by Patrick
M. Synge
. ISBN
0 00 214016-0
First Edition 1961, Second Edition 1971, Reprinted 1973. This provides data on bulbs for bedding, bulbs in the border, bulbs naturalised in grass, bulbs in the woodland garden, bulbs in the rock garden, bulbs in pans in the alpine house, bulbs in the greenhouse, bulbs in bowls and the bulb frame.

Annuals & Biennials, the best annual and biennial plants and their uses in the garden by Gertrude Jekyll published in 1916 and
republished by Forgotten Books in 2012
(Forgotten Books
is a London-based book publisher specializing in the restoration of old books, both fiction and non-fiction. Today we have
372,702 books available to read online, download as ebooks, or
purchase in print.).

Cut Flowers All The Year from The New Illustrated
Gardening Encyclopedia
by Richard Sudell, printed before May 1935 for the plant names in each month, followed by details for culture and propagation.

Mr. Middleton's Garden Book by
Daily Express Publication,
reprinted 1941
for the individual
cultivar names with evergreen/
deciduous, flower colour, flower month and height.

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Tree and Shrubs in Garden Design -

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Clay Soils (neutral to slightly acid)

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Dry Acid Soils

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Shallow Soil over Chalk

Trees and Shrubs tolerant of both extreme Acidity and Alkalinity

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Damp Sites

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Industrial Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Cold Exposed Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Seaside Areas

Shrubs suitable for Heavy Shade

Shrubs and Climbers suitable for NORTH- and EAST-facing Walls

Shrubs suitable for Ground Cover

Trees of Pendulous Habit

Trees and Shrubs of Upright or Fastigiate Habit

Trees and Shrubs with Ornamental Bark or Twigs

Trees and Shrubs with Bold Foliage

Trees and Shrubs for Autumn Colour

Trees and Shrubs with Red or Purple Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Golden or Yellow Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Grey or Silver Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Variegated Foliage

Trees and Shrubs bearing Ornamental Fruit

Trees and Shrubs with Fragrant or Scented Flowers

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Foliage

Flowering Trees and Shrubs for Every Month:-
Jan
, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec

The following table shows the linkages for the information about the plants
described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening in The Gardeners' Golden Treasury, revised by A. G. L Hellyer F.L.S, Editor of 'Amateur Gardening', (thirty-first impression of original published in 1895) was published in 1960 by W. H. & L. Collingridge Limited,
between:-

  • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery (in this Table) and Stage 1 Fragrant Plants (in Table on left), then
  • Stage 2 - 3 Infill Plants Index Galleries (in Table on right), then
  • Stage 3a - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2 (in this Table)
  • Stage 3b - All2 Plants Index Gallery for Alpines without a Garden for your health and productivity (in this Table)
  • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right)
  • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right) with
    column for Deciduous / Herbaceous plants with the same foliage colour during their growing season and
    column for Evergreen plants with the same foliage colour during the entire year
  • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery (in Table on left)
  • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery (in Table on left)

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
It would be useful if when you decide to change your garden that you use a uniform garden style throughout your garden and the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY aims to provide pointers.
The new pages (April 2016) in the gallery will have a suitable list of plants on each page (as that plant gets further detailed in the ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY), then each row containing that plant name in the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY will also be updated. I aim to input details of plants starting with A in alphabetical order to Z.

Private Garden Design:-
What is your Budget and What are the purposes for your garden?
Designing for a purpose: Areas which require answers before answering your Designing for a Purpose Questionaire.
Then, do the Site Survey with Photographs, before putting the Current Garden Design on paper or in your computer.
Using the Broad Design elements of Scale, which Garden Style to use:-
Low Maintenance Garden Style, Cottage Garden Style, Wildlife Garden Style or Japanese Garden Style and the
Hard and Soft Landscaping elements, create the Broad Proposed Design. Then, the Detailed Design of each Hard Landscaping item followed by the Soft Landscaping elements: The Soil, changing the Microclimate; and the
Plant Selection is influenced by the Colour Wheel, with Plant Quantities determined by time to establish versus width between plants and Companion Planting will provide helpful neighbouring plants
or
Click on text in cells below to jump to that page describing that data
.

 


Container

Gardening at my work-place

 

<----

 

Yes
|
v


Do you want to garden and grow plants?

 

No

Cannot be bothered.
If you wish to improve your productivity and health, then, plant an Alpine Pan in your work area or at home using the information within Alpines without a Garden by Lawrence D. Hills, using these pages:-


Potted
House-plant


<----
|
|
v


No
Garden

At Home with Gard-ening Area


Yes


---->

Balcony Garden or Roof Garden


Yes
---->

Grow flowers for flower arranging and vegetables on Balcony Garden or Roof Garden

Pan Plant Back-grou-nd Colour

STAGE 3b
ALL2 PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

|
v


Conservatory Gardening

|
<--
|

 

|
No
-->

Outside Garden
|
v

Pan, Trough and Window-Box Odds and Sods
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14,
15

The beginner's dozen for the small pan

Plants for the pan gar-den


Stovehouse for Tropical Plants

|
<--

An extra dozen for the larger pan

Kinds of Pan Plants that may be split up and tucked in Corners and Crevices

|
|
v

Miniature trees and shrubs for pan

The leafy soil pan

The gritty soil pan

The Limy Soil Plan

Blue Flower Colour Pan Plants

Lilac, Violet and Purple Flower Colour Pan Plants

Reds, Carm-ines Flower Colour Pan Plants

Pinks Flower Colour Pan Plants

White Flower Colour Pan Plants and Bicol-ored

Yellow Flower Colour Pan Plants

Blue Flower Colour Trough Plants

Violet, Lilac and Purple Flower Colour Trough Plants

|
|
v

Reds and Carm-ines Flower Colour Trough Plants

Pinks - all shades Flower Colour Trough Plants

Yellow Flower Colour Trough Plants

White and Cream Flower Colour Trough Plants

Bi-colour-ed Flower Colour Trough Plants

Feb Flower Season Pan

Mar Flower Season Pan

Apr Flower Season Pan

May Flower Season Pan

Jun Flower Season Pan

Jul Flower Season Pan

Aug Flower Season Pan

Sep Flower Season Pan

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Pan

Nov Flower Season Pan

Pans for Semi-shade

Pans for In-doors

Mini-ature Pot

Feb Flower Season Trough

Mar Flower Season Trough

Apr Flower Season Trough

May Flower Season Trough

Jun Flower Season Trough

Jul Flower Season Trough

Aug Flower Season Trough

Sep Flower Season Trough

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Trough

Nov Flower Season Trough

Dec Flower Season Trough

Bulb Pan

Bulb Cover-ing Carp-eters

Trough and Window-box plants 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trough and Window-Box Background Colour

Pan Plant
Alpines without a Garden

ABC 1
Pan Plants

DEF 1
Pan Plants

GHI
Pan Plants

JKL 1
Pan Plants

|
|
v

MNO 1
Pan Plants

PQR 1
Pan Plants

STU 1
Pan Plants

V 1
Pan Plants

WXYZ 1
Pan Plants

You need to know the following:-
1. How much time per week are you prepared to look after your garden or prepared to pay someone else to do it for you?
2. How much are you are prepared to spend on creating your garden and then on its maintenance for its feeding and replacement of its plants and hard landscaping?
3. In order for you to go into your garden, there must be mystery in it, so that from any position in the house you cannot see all the garden, otherwise you will not be tempted to go out into it.
4. You must decide what garden style you are going to use THROUGHOUT the garden and make sure of using 3. the mystery in it as well.
5. What plants do you want to keep in your existing garden and incorporate into your new garden?
6. What Human Problems do you have and what Site Problems are there?

A) Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers List leads onto the
B) Bee Pollinated Bloom in Month galleries and
C) extra Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers.


<----

Human Prob-lems
v


---->

Blind,
Deaf,
in a Wheelchair, or
you cannot bend easily

 

 

 

Garden Style, which takes into account the Human Problems above

 

 

Classic Mixed Style


<----

Cottage Garden Style


<----

.
v


---->

Naturalistic Style

Formal English Garden

 

Mediterranean Style


<----

Meadow and Corn-field


<----

.
.
v


---->

Paving and Gravel inland,
Coastal Conditions near the sea, Seashore with shingle/sand

 

 

 

 

Problem Sites within your chosen Garden Style from the above

 

 

Exposure to Wind


<----

Excess Shade


<----

Exce-ssively Dry Shade


<----


<----

.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Exce-ssively Hot, Sunny and Dry Site is suitable for Drought Resistant Plants

Excessively Wet Soil - especially when caused by poor drainage

Control of Pests (Aphids, Rabbits, Deer, Mice, Mole, Snails) / Disease by Companion Planting in Garden

Whether your Heavy Clay or Light Sandy / Chalk Soil is excessively Alkaline (limy) / Acidic or not, then there is an Action Plan for you to do with your soil, which will improve its texture to make its structure into a productive soil instead of it returning to being just sand, chalk, silt or clay.


<----

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Problems caused by builders:- 1. Lack of soil on top of builders rubble in garden of just built house.
2. Clay soil of Garden slopes towards house with no drainage of this rainwater by the house wall.

In planning your beds for your garden, before the vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman planting is inserted into your soft landscaping plan, the following is useful to consider:-
1. The ground plan usually depends upon 1 or more unalterable existing features. The position of the doors of the house will dictate the positions of paths, the shortest route to the kitchen may indicate the best place for a paved area for eating and drinking out of doors, or the kept trees/shrubs may indicate what garden style is used.
2. Rules of Proportion -
A. A border should be roughly 1/2 as wide as the hedge or wall behind it.
B. The proportion of planted areas to paved or turfed areas should be 1/3 to 2/3, or a 1/4 to 3/4, not 1/2 and 1/2.
C. Within a bed or border, unless a 2-dimensional pattern on the ground is the objective, the height and bulk of the plants should be varied to avoid monotony; it is particularly important to provide strong planting, in terms of either height or bulk or both, at either end of a long bed.
D. The ground surface provides a background to the plants that is as important as the hedges, walls or fences that surround it. Grass is perhaps the most satisfying carpet to use, the cool green forming a restful antidote to the dancing colours of the flowers. Use different coloured pea-shingle inside Cedar Gravel for people in wheelchairs, or infirm in their legs or who suffer from Hay Fever.

Reasons for stopping infilling of Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page. From September 2017 will be creating the following new pages on Sense of Fragrance using Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders.
ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-

 

 

 

|
v

 

 

 

 

 

After you have selected your vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman plants for each bed or border, you will need to infill with plants taking the following into account:-

 

 

 

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark 1, 2, 3
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Sandy Soil 1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves 1, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit 1, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants 1, 2
Scented Aquatic Plants.
Plants with Scented Fruits.
Plants with Scented Roots 1, 2
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.
Scented Cacti and Succulents.
Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell 1, 2

Flower Perfume Group:-
Miscellaneous Group with scents - Balm, Brandy, Cedar, Cloying, Cowslip, Cucumber, Damask Rose, Daphne, Exotic, Freesia, Fur-like, Gardenia, Hay-like, Heliotrope, Honeysuckle, Hops, Hyacinth, Incense-like, Jasmine, Laburnham, Lilac, Lily of the Valley, Meadowsweet, Mignonette, Mint, Mossy, Muscat, Muscatel, Myrtle-like, Newly Mown Hay, Nutmeg, Piercing, Primrose, Pungent, Resinous, Sandalwood, Sassafras, Seductive, Slight, Soft, Stephanotis, Sulphur, Starch, Sweet, Sweet-briar, Tea-rose, Treacle and Very Sweet.

Flower Perfume Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group with scent - Hawthorn.
Heavy Group with scents -
Jonquil and
Lily.
Aromatic Group with scents - Almond,
Aniseed, Balsamic,
Carnation, Cinnamon, Clove,
Spicy and
Vanilla.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group with scent -
Verbena.
Fruit-scented Group with scents -
Apricot,
Fruity,
Green Apple,
Orange, Pineapple,
Ripe Apple , Ripe Banana and
Ripe Plum.
 

Flower Perfume Group:-
Animal-scented Group with scents -
Cat,
Dog,
Ferret,
Fox,
Goat,
Human Perspiration,
Musk,
Ripe Apple and
Tom Cat.
Honey Group.
Unpleasant Smell Group with scents -
Animal,
Fetid,
Fishy,
Foxy,
Fur-like,
Garlic,
Hemlock,
Manure,
Nauseating,
Perspiration,
Petrol,
Putrid,
Rancid,
Sickly,
Skunk,
Stale Lint
Sulphur and
Urinous,

Leaf Perfume Group:-
Turpentine Group.
Camphor and Eucalyptus Group.
Mint Group.
Sulphur Group.
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Heavy Group.
Aromatic Group.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group.
Fruit-scented Group.
Animal-scented Group.
Honey Group.

Scent of Wood, Bark and Roots Group:-
Aromatic Group.
Turpentine Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Stale Perspiration Group.

 

Scent of Fungi Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Sulphur Group.
Aromatic Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Fruit Group.
Animal Group.
Honey Group

Sense of Sight

Emotion of
Hot /Cool; Calm / Agitated

Emotion of
Low-key / High Key


<----

.
.
.
v

Emotion of
Inviting
/ Forbidding

Emotion of Intellectual versus Emotional

Sense of Touch

Sense of Taste

Sense of Sound

 

 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 for
lists of plants of 1 plant type for 1 cultivation requirement is in Table on right

 

 

 

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
Click on Blue or underlined text to jump to page comparing flower thumbnails of that blue colour in the
Other Plant Photo Galleries. RedPP is Red, Pink, Purple and Other is Unusual or Other Flower Colour.

Plant Type
with links to Other Plant Photo Galleries

ABC

DEF

GHI

JKL

MNO

PQR

STU

VWX

YZ

Alpine in Evergreen Perennial,
Herbaceous Perennial and Rock Garden

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Aquatic

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Annual/ Biennial

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bamboo

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bedding, 25
RHS Mixed Border Beds 75 and
Flower Shape, Flower Colour and Bedding Plant Use

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Bicolour

Other Flower Colours

White / Colour Bicolour

Bulb, 746 with Use, Flower Colour/Shape of
Allium / Anemone, Colchicum / Crocus, Dahlia, Gladiolus, Narcissus and Tulip

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Climber 71 Clematis, 58 other Climbers with Use, Flower Colour and Shape

1

Blue

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Conifer

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Deciduous Shrub 43 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Deciduous Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Evergreen Perennial 104 with Use, Flower Colour, Flower Shape and Number of Petals

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Shrub 46, Semi-Evergreen Shrub and Heather 74 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Fern with 706 ferns
within 21 types and 41 uses

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Grass

1

1

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

Herbaceous Perennial 91,
RHS Mixed Border Beds 176 and
Peonies 46 with Flower Colour/Shape

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Herb

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Odds and Sods

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rose with 720 roses within Flower Colour, Flower Shape, Rose Petal Count and Rose Use

1

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

 

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Soft Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Sub-Shrub

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Top Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Vegetable

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Wildflower 1918 with
Plants used by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterflies in the UK
I am inserting the plants described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening into STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

Red

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Multi-colour

Cream

Mauve

Brown

Shrub and Small Tree

Botanical Names Page

Common Names Page

Finally, you might be advised to check that the adjacent plants to the one you have chosen for that position in a flower bed are suitable; by checking the entry in Companion Planting - like clicking A page for checking Abies - and Pest Control page if you have a pest to control in this part of the flower bed.
Companion Planting
- A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
Pest Control using Plants

 

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
The planning a Rose Garden chapter from Rose Gardens by Jane Fearnley-Whitingstall ISBN 0 7011 3344 9 and
Plant Solutions by Nigel Colborn provides information for this gallery.

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 Reference books for these galleries in Table on left

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
In addition to these 10 galleries, there are links to the Other Plant Photo Galleries in the table above like Bulb , which have plant descriptions accessed by clicking a flower thumbnail in its flower comparison page. Click the respective flower colour - like Green - to change page to that flower colour comparison page. Then, you can also choose these other plants.
It will also state the Plant Combinations for each plant from The Ulimate Visual Guide to Successful Plant Harmony - The Encyclopedia of Planting Combinations by Tony Lord ISBN 1-55209-623-8

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY
Some extra details about the Cultivation Requirements of Plant:- Outdoor /Garden Cultivation, Indoor / House Cultivation, Cool Green-house Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter, Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year, and Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

Since 2006, I have requested photos etc from the Mail-Order Nurseries in the UK and later from the rest of the World. Few nurseries have responded.
I worked for a lady, who with her husband took 35 mm slides of plants in the 1960's and 1970's. She allowed me to digitise some of her Kodachrome slides, which I have used in my website. I discovered that at least the green colour of the foliage became very much darker over that period of years to 2008, by comparing wildflower photos from her slides with digital photos supplied by a current Wildflower mail-order nursery, so I stopped creating my Foliage Galleries.
I bought myself a camera some years ago and started taking photos, some of which have been put into the website. I started taking photos of the Heathers at the Royal Horticultural Society at Wisley garden. I have displayed the Heathers foliage in closeup since their leaves are 2mm long and in macro-scale in the Heather Galleries - sometimes the foliage colour at the terminal end of the foliage stem is only a few leaves, whereas others have the same foliage colour throughout the stem. I discovered that some of the heathers did not have the correct plant label, since the flower colour did not correspond with the flower colour in the literature. I was informed that since kids have free rein, that perhaps they move the plant labels. Since, I cannot rely that the heather plant label next to the heather plant is valid, I have stopped taking photos of those heathers.
This leaves a small problem, especially since very few gardens open to the public have their plants labelled so that the public can use the data on their label to buy that named plant from a nursery or garden centre. Currently (June 2018) I insert photos from Wikimedia Commons as well as my own.
I have found the above book - which does not contain any colour plant photos. Since it had the following experts help in creating it, I have decided to use its information in these 10 galleries to help the public:-

  • T.W. Sanders Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1895.
  • A.J Macself Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1926 - both Sanders and Macself had worked entirely to the handlists published by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • A.G.L. Hellyer in this work of revision and also in checking the all-important cultural notes sought the help of experts in the various classes of plant:-
    • Mr S.A. Pearce, Assistant Curator at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew undertook the revision of those genera of plants which in this country are mainly grown under glass.
    • Mr Will Ingwersen dealt with the Rock plants,
    • Mr N. Catchpole made himself responsible for trees and shrubs;
    • Mr G.A Phillips for herbaceous plants,
    • Mrs Francis Perry for water plants,
    • Mr A.J. Macself for ferns,
    • Mr E. Cooper for orchids,
    • Mr J.S Dakers for annuals,
    • Miss Doreen Crowther for fruit and vegetables

with the aid of further information from other books, magazines and cross-checking on the internet.
In this edition of the book Sander's Encyclopaedia, the individual soil mixtures to grow plants have been retained, for it was considered that many gardeners might still wish to use them in certain circumstances. The John Innes mixtures may be substituted wherever desired. Details of these individual mixtures will be put into these galleries.