Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill2 Plants Index Gallery:
Alpine - Sink and Trough Gardens Page 1

Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill2 Plants Index Gallery:
Alpine - Sink and Trough Gardens Page 1

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier for you to contact to buy this plant

Flower Colour

Sun Aspect of Full Sun,
Part Shade, Full Shade

with link to external website for photo/data

Flowering Months

with row in each month that it flowers in that colour in
STAGE 4A
12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
/

with link to
USA or
Canada
mail-order supplier

Height with Spacings or Width (W) in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour


with row in relevant pages that it has foliage of that colour in
STAGE 4B
12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

or
Background Colour nearest to middle-aged leaf colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Soil Moisture:-
Dry,
Moist,
Wet

with link to Australia or New Zealand mail-order supplier

 

with data for rows in
STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY and
STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Pages

Plant Type is:-

A for Aquatic
Ann for Annual / Biennial
Ba for Bamboo
Bu for Bulb
Cl for Climber
Co for Conifer
F for Fern
G for Grass
H for Herb
P for Perennial
Rh for Rhodo-dendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro for Rose
Sh for Shrub
So for Soft Fruit
To for Top Fruit
Tr for Tree
V for Vegetable
W for Wildflower

followed by:-
E for Evergreen,
D for Deciduous,
H for Herbaceous,
Alpine for being an Alpine as well as being 1 of above Plant Type /

 
Acid for Acidic,
Alk for Alkaline,
Any for AnySoil
 

with links to
STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2, 3
and
STAGE 3
ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2
pages
 

Comments

A plant of first-class merit, suggested as 'First Choices'

Adjacent Planting

Plant Associations

It is sad to reflect that in England so few gardens open to the public label their plants or label them so that the label is visible when that plant is in flower, so that visitors can identify; and then later locate and purchase that plant.

Few mail-order nurseries provide the detail as shown in my rose or heather galleries.

If you want to sell a product, it is best to display it. When I sold my Transit van, I removed its signage, cleaned it and took photos of the inside and outside before putting them onto an advert in Autotrader amongst more than 2000 other Transit vans - it was sold in 20 minutes.

If mail-order nurseries could put photos to the same complexity from start of the year to its end with the different foliage colours and stages of flowering on Wikimedia Commons, then the world could view the plant before buying it, and idiots like me would have valid material to work with.

I have been in the trade (until ill health forced my Sole Trader retirement in 2013) working in designing, constructing and maintaining private gardens for decades and since 2005 when this site was started, I have asked any nursery in the world to supply photos. R.V. Roger in Yorkshire allowed me to use his photos from his website in 2007 and when I got a camera to spend 5 days in July 2014 at my expense taking photos of his roses growing in his nursery field, whilst his staff was propagating them. I gave him a copy of those photos.

Botanical Plant Name

Exposure

Flower Colour and
Flowering Months

Height in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Soil Preference

 

 

 

 

 

A selected list of plants for Sink, Trough and Pan Gardens. Further details from Miniature Garden: How to plant Trough and Sink Gardens?

Androsace lanuginosa (Woolly Rock Jasmine)

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Full Sun,
Part Shade

Pale Pink

Jun-Jul

3-4 (7-10)

Very charming growing in a trough, gravel scree or on a wall. Requires excellent drainage, so ideal for growing in crevices between large boulders.

P E

In warm regions this appreciates protection from hot afternoon sun.

Culture: For general purposes in the rock garden, sandy loam and leaf-mould with sharp grit added generously. Plant, March or April. For those species best suited for alpine house or cold frame cultivation, loam, --->

leaf-moulf, sand and grit in equal proportions.
Propagation: By seeds sown in sandy gritty soil in pans; cuttings in sandy soil in frames in spring; division of roots in spring.

All Androsace prefer well-drained soil, good sun or part shade.

There are other androsace used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

Aquilegia scopulorum (Rocky Mountain Columbine, Granny's Bonnets, Utah Columbine - American Native Plant)

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Supplier in USA - Plants of the Wild was started in 1979 with a goal of providing quality native plant material for restoration and reclamation projects. Nestled deep in the heart of the Inland Northwest, we continue to grow many varieties of native grasses, forbs, shrubs and trees. Our nursery specializes in plants that are native to the Pacific Northwest, though our products have been sent all over the world!

Prefers part shade but will do well in full sun with irrigation.

Lavender-blue

May-Jun

4-6 (10-15)

Moist, well-drained.

Aquilegia scopulorum is found growing rocky slopes in subalpine forests and meadows.

P

Sow seed in October in a mixture of equal parts of standard seed soil and limestone or crock chippings, and allow to freeze thoroughly, bringing them into a cool green-house after they have had at least a night with 10 degrees Fahrenheit (-5.6 degrees Celsius) below freezing point. Though freezing produces a very good germination, it is not essential, seed can be sown in January, in a green-house on exactly the same routine, thus saving autumn frame space.
With a night temperature not lower than 45 degrees Fahrenheit (7 degrees Celsius), they will germinate readily, and in early spring they are ready for potting in a mixture of 3 parts good loam, 2 parts peat or leafmould and 1 of seed, with a 60 potful of bone meal to the barrow-load, and a pinch of bone meal on top of the crocks. In the cool green-house this rich mixture will make them grow rapidly and build up a good root system, and by the end of April they will be ready to plant in the open, in a pocket of the same type of soil, but well coated with chippings to prevent the rain splashing the flowers, and to discourage slugs. They should be hardened off in a frame before planting.

The most common cause of failure is stale seed, and seed should be saved at every opportunity, the next greatest danger is from slugs, and a ring of perforated zinc round the plant from February until May protects the young growth on established specimens at the most crucial period.

In sowing seed, leave the pod on till it begins to split, then remove and store in an envelope until sowing time; seed pods left too long will scatter, germinate and be eaten by slugs, or die out in winter.

Perennial herbs, of which the dwarf species welcome well-drained soil and shade from hot sun. Propagated best by seed.
A. bertolonii, 6 inches (15 cms) high. Light blue nodding flowers, May-July.
A. discolor, 3-4 inches (7.5-10 cms) high. Blue, white centred, flowers, June. Excellent for scree.
A. flabellata, 6-10 inches (15-25 cms) high. White, tinged violet-blue, nodding flowers, June; var. nana alba has flowers all white.
A. glandulosa. 9 inches (22.5 cms) high. Powder-blue and white flowers, May-June. Best in partial shade.
A. scopulorum. 4-6 inches (10-15 cms) high. Tufted foliage, large, uprightly held, long-spurred lavender-blue flowers in May-June. Easily grown in scree or crevices.

There are other aquilegia used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

 

Campanula arvatica

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Full Sun

Lavender-blue

Jul-Aug

3 (7.5)

Moist but well-drained soil

P

Divide in September or March, plant direct or pot and grow in frame. Soft cuttings in April or July, seed sown February. A slow-growing prostrate species, good for pan gardens.

Cracking form for crevice, tufa or trough.

A genus of many species, the alpine dwarfs being valuable for their summer flowers; tolerant of sun and partial shade, lime and acid soils, if well-drained. The species come true from seeds. The now numerous hybrids may be propagated by cuttings of young shoots in spring, as may the species.

C. arvatica, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high. Lavender-blue flowers, July-August; has a white form, alba. Needs full sun, light soil. May be propagated by division, September.

 

There are other campanula used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

campanulacforarvaticawikimediacommons

Campanula arvatica, Picos de Europa, Spain. By Johan N via Wikimedia Commons.

Campanula cochleariifolia (Campanula pusilla, Fairy Thimble Bellflower)

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Full Sun,
Part Shade

Blue
Jun-Sep

3 (7.5)

limy

 

Blue harebell flowers, June-August, with a
white form, alba; and
pallida 'Miranda', 6 inches (15 cms) high, silvery-blue. Propagated by division in September.

 

All forms and hybrids easy from division between September and March. Plant direct or pot. Soft cuttings Aril or September.

 

campanulacforcochleariifoliawikimediacommons

This photo shows Campanula cochleariifolia. By Teun Spaans via Wikimedia Commons.

Campanula garganica (Adriatic Bellflower)

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Full Sun,
Part Shade

Blue
Jun-Aug

4 (10)

limy

 

Starry blue flowers, June-August. Good varieties are
'Fenestrellata', lilac-blue;
'W.H. Paine', 3 inches (7.5 cms) high, deep blue with white eye; 'G.F. Wilson', 6 inches (15 cms) high, violet-blue.
Propagated by cuttings, August.

Division September, plant direct. Soft cuttings March make plants for autumn planting. Seed March, but rarely true.

See Campanula garganica for further details and photos.

There are other campanula used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

See Campanula garganica for further details and photos

campanulacforgarganicawikimediacommons

Campanula garganica, Gradignan, Gironde, France, jardin. By Jean-Jacques MILAN via Wikimedia Commons.

Dianthus caesius (botanically re-classified as Dianthus gratian-opolitanus, Cheddar Pink is a member of the Wildflower Pink Family) and varieties

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Full Sun

Deep Pink to Red
Jun-Jul

6 (15)

limy

 

Out of a large family of herbs, only a nucleus of those suitable for alpine gardening can be suggested here. They all like well-drained soil, usually limy, and sun. Species can be propagated from seeds; varieties and hybrids from cuttings in summer.

Mat-forming, 6-9 inches (15-22.5 cms) high, very well-scented, deep pink to red flowers, May-July,
Baker's var' is deeper coloured,
flore pleno is semi-double, pink flowering, and compact.

 

dianthuscforgratianopolitanuswikimediacommons

Dianthus gratianopolitanus. By Kurt Stüber via Wikimedia Commons.

Dianthus haematocalyx

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Full Sun

Purple-red, yellow without

Jul-Aug

6 (15)

Tolerates heavy clay soil. Prefers well-drained soil

P E

Soft cuttings June and July, pot gritty soil. Ready to plant spring. Also seed sown February ready to plant by September.

D. haematocalyx, Greek Pink, 6 inches (15 cms) high. Purple-red, yellow without, flowers, July-August. Good for scree.

Cushion forming rare carnation from the eastern Mediterranean.

Draba dedeana

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Supplier in USA - with Garden Ideas:-
Alpine Conifer Garden,
Berm Rock Garden,
Crevice Garden,
Dryland Garden,
Foam Alpine Trough,
Parking Strip Garden,
Slate Crevice Trough Garden, Trough Garden,
Water Feature Rock Garden,
Woodland Garden.
 

Full Sun,
Part Shade

White

Apr-May

1-2 (2.5-5)

Gritty or sandy, evenly moist soil or Scree

P

Sow June, as fresh seed is best, gritty soil, ready to pot May in gritty limy soil, and to plant in September or spring in the sunny scree or rock garden. Division also in July, ready spring. A slow-growing species, good on pan garden.

This very distinctive species from Spain and the Pyrenees makes a tiny hard rosette of shiny green, toothed foliage with heads of disproportionately large white flowers. A diminutive, cushion-forming alpine which is amongst the earliest of rockery plants to bloom, and can be enjoyed even more closely in a trough. Best in gritty, evenly moist soil and full sun or partial shade.

A large genus, but only a few are easily grown and worthwhile, liking full sun, gritty or sandy soil, and being propagated basal cuttings of rosettes, August.

D. dedeana, 1-2 inches (2.5 - 5 cms) high. Cushions of dense rosettes of leaves, with large white flowers, April-May. Scree.

There are other draba used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

drabacfordedeanawikimediacommons

Español: Draba dedeana Boiss.&Reut. (crucífera), en el Parque Natural de Somiedo (Asturias). Endemismo español. By Mario Argüelles via Wikimedia Commons.

Erinus alpinus (Alpine Balsam, Fairy Foxglove is a member of the Wildflower Figwort Family)

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Part Shade

Fragrant, Purplish-pink

Mar-Aug

6 (15)

Superb when naturalised, especially in cracks in walls or rockeries.

P Semi-evergreen

The Erinus are a race of easy sun-loving species which can be grown as annuals, but are more perennial grown edgeways in crevices and on the wall garden, where they may be sown direct by scattering the seed where they are required. The hybrids come true from seed from any good seedsman, where several are grown there may be varation but these are equally charming. Sow January normal soil, prick out when large enough to handle into boxes, pot if desired, ready to plant April or May. Can be put out direct from boxes for crevice planting.

Erinus are tufted perennial alpines, with attractive green foliage, easily grown, and happy in hot, dry spots, thin soils, and on walls. Propagated best by cuttings, as the coloured forms are considered better than the species.
E. alpinus albus, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high. Sprays of white flowers, May-June.
E. a. 'Hanelle', 3 inches (7.5 cms) high, has deep carmine flowers, and
E. a. 'Mrs. Chas. Boyle', 6 inches (15 cms) high, brilliant rose-pink.

There are more details on these erinus used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

erinuscforalpinuswikimediacommons

Leberbalsam (Erinus alpinus), Schynige Platte, Kanton Bern, Schweiz. By Thomas Mathis via Wikimedia Commons.

Gentiana sino-ornata

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Gentiana acaulis (stemless gentian)

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Gentiana verna (Spring Gentian in Gentian Wildflower Family)

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Gentiana farreri (Photo of Flower from Gentians.be is a site by and for Gentian lovers. We have a large growing database with the names and pictures of gentians and articles about various topics and so on...)

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Gentiana hexa-farreri

Supplier in UK
 

Gentiana x 'Inverleith'

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Information about Gentiana from the Alpine Garden Society. and the North American Rock Garden Society. The Alpine Garden Society also sells books and publications.
 

 

Photos and details about hybrids of Gentiana in English translation and Russian.

Full Sun

Deep Blue

Aug-Oct

2-4 (5-10)

Requires evenly moist, acidic soil. Moderately easy to grow, but best in a rock garden, gravel scree or alpine trough.

P

Where it is happy in lime-free soil,

Gentiana sino-ornata and its hybrids may be introduced for their lovely blue trumpet flowers of autumn. Where they are found to thrive

Gentiana acaulis may also be planted and allowed to spread, and the native

Gentiana verna, the smaller, sky-blue flowering Gentian, should certainly be brought in.

 

 

Where there is lime in the soil,

Gentiana farreri,

Gentiana hexa-farreri and

Gentiana x 'Inverleith', all autumn-flowering and spreading when suited, may be tried.

Edrom Nurseries in Scotland sells many Evergreen Alpines and Herbaceous Alpines, as well as Plants for Shade - Evergreen, Ferns (Further details about some Ferns in Fern Plant Gallery) and Herbaceous. We have at present, a trough garden with over sixty troughs, raised beds and a half acre woodland garden, all of which may be seen in the miscellaneous pictures gallery. A four acre woodland garden is under development as we speak although this will take some time to complete, as we are still at the stage of removing bracken, brambles, gorse and fallen or unstable trees. We're hoping this will be ready for 2016. Paths and bridges have been constructed and planting of the beds is in full flow.

There are 2 pages describing Gentiana and their culture in Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club. Published in 1962.

 

There are other Gentiana used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

gentianacforsinoornatawikimediacommons

Gentiana sino-ornata in flower. Huluhai, Sichuan - 葫芦海 四川. By rduta on Flickr via Wikimedia Commons.

gentianacforacauliswikimediacommons

Gentiana acaulis. By I, KENPEI via Wikimedia Commons.

gentianacforvernawikimediacommons

Gentiana verna. By Opioła Jerzy via Wikimedia Commons.

gentianacflosfarreriwikimediacommons

Gentiana farreri - Italiano: Genziana del Tibet. By Francesco Rigotti via Wikimedia Commons.

Helichrysum marginatum

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H. marginatum, 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cms) high. Chiefly grown for its silvery foliage, forming dense hummocks of silvery-white rosettes with occasional white, crimson in bud, everlasting flowers in --->

summer. Likes sun, and well-drained soil, in scree. Propagated by division, April.

 

There are other helichrysum used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

Iris pumila

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Divide June or July, cut up the rhizomes, and plant direct, limy soil preferred but not essential, good drainage more important.

There are other iris used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

A large genus containing herbaceous perennials with creeping tuberous or bulbous root-stocks, from the following are only a promising selection of the hardy sorts (from Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club. Published in 1962.):-
I. bucharica,
I. chamaeris,
I. cristata,
I. danfordiae,
I. gracilepes,
I. histrioides major,
I. innominata,
I. lacustris,
I. pumila, 4 inches (10 cms) high. Rhizomatous, stemless flowers, April-May, variable in colour; v. attica, pale blue and straw-yellow; caerulea, fine blue; lutea, yellow. A limy, humus-rich soil, full sun; difficult to keep in wet districts and on heavy soils.
I. reticulata,
I. ruthenica,
I. tenax,
I. unguicularis

iriscforpumilawikimediacommons

Taxon: Iris pumila (sensu Fischer et al. EfÖLS 2008 ISBN 978-3-85474-187-9)
Location: Haulesbergen, Ulrichskirchen-Schleinbach, district Mistelbach, Lower Austria - ca. 200 m a.s.l.. Endemismo español. By Stefan.lefnaer via Wikimedia Commons.

Lithospermum oleifolium (Lithodora oleifolia)

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As this is mainly grown as an alpine-house plant it is usually possible to take soft-wooded cuttings at the ideal time, in January and February, in the heated propagating frame. The rooted plants need potting in a leafy and gritty mixture, one composed of three parts of standard leafy soil to one of limestone chippings, as this species is unusual in loving both lime and leafmould.
They will be ready for making up into a pan, or planting out in the scree by the spring after a winter in a cold frame or cool green-house. The plant is hardy, and can be grown in the same type of mixture as the potting soil, in part shade, in a sheltered position.

Provides some of the most attractive blue-flowering alpines for early summer. Full sun. Soil needs differ according to kind. Propagated by cuttings.
L. diffusum (L. prostratum), 6 inches (15 cms) high. Evergreen prostrate growing shrub, best in forms 'Heavenly Blue', bright blue flowers in June-July; or 'Grace Ward', deeper genetian-blue flowers and stronger growth. Both need lime-free, humus-rich soil; are excellent to grow over rock ledges, and need trimming back after flowering.
L. intermedium, see Moltkia intermedia.
L. oleifolium, 6 inches (15 cms) high. Prostrate shrub, green foliage, silky-white beneath, violet-blue flowers, June-July; needs the well-drained soil of a scree, and sun.

There are further details of this plant in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

 

Myosotis rupicola (Myosotis alpestris, Alpine Forget-Me-Not is a member of the Wildflower Borage Family)

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Sow July normal soil, pot September ready to plant spring. Cuttings July-August, ready to plant spring. Best in scree.

The dwarfs of the tribe are not hardy or long-lived, but the following should be tried in the well-drained soil of the scree and full sun. Propagated by seed.

M. explanata, 6-9 inches (15-22.5 cms) high. Attractive New Zealander, with evergreen rosettes of leaves, with racemes of white flowers in attractive racemes in May.

M. rupicola, 2 inches (5 cms) high. Large azure-blue flowers above tight cushions of leaves, May-June.

There are other myosotis used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

State Flower of Alaska.

Oxalis enneaphylla (Scurvy-grass sorrel)

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The name enneaphylla comes from the Greek εννεα (ennea), "nine" and φυλλον (phyllon), "leaf".

 

 

 

 

 

Divide offset bulbs April. Plant direct, or pot peaty mixture with grit.

Species such as Oxalis corniculata, O. cernua, and O. rubra should be avoided as they can easily become pestiferous weeds. Propagated by division.
O. adenophylla,
O. enneaphylla, 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cms) high. Bulbous-rooted, with grey-green fan-like leaves, scented white goblets of flowers, May-July, and a pink-flowering form, rosea. Partial shade and shelter, in well-drained soil, enriched with peat or leaf-mould. Propagated by division, April,
O. lobata,
O. magellanica, 1 inch (2.5 cms) high. Mat-forming, with bronzy-green shamrock-like leaves, bearing short-stemmed large white flowers, May-July. Makes a good plant for paving, walls and carpeting; spreading by stolons. Partial shade and peat or leaf-mould-enriched soil. Propagated by division, April.
are also worthwile alpines.

There are other oxalis used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

oxaliscforenneaphyllawikimediacommons

Oxalis enneaphylla

Photo by Salvor taken in the botanical garden in Reykjavik. By Salvor Gissurardottir via Wikimedia Commons.

Penstemon rupicola (Cliff beardtongue)

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Rose-carmine
Full Sun

Jun-Jul

2 (5)

dry

 

Prostrate growing with small ovate leaves, rose-carmine tubular flowers, May. Propagated by heeled cuttings, August

The Penstemons Database, moderated by KentPfeiffer

We have 858 images of 622 penstemons here.

 

A genus welcoming well-drained soil and sunny hot positions, though they should not be short of water in summer. Propagated by seeds or cuttings, best taken August-September.
P. barrettae,
P. menziesii,
P. newberryi,
P. pinifolius,
P. rupicola, 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cms) high. Prostrate growing with small ovate leaves, rose-carmine tubular flowers, May. Propagated by heeled cuttings, August,
P. scouleri,
P. x 'Six Hills',
P. 'Weald Beacon'.

 

There are other penstemon used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

penstemoncforrupicolawikimediacommons

Penstemon rupicola

English: Rock Penstemon, Cliff Beardtongue.

Photo by Salvor taken in the botanical garden in Reykjavik. By Walter Siegmund (talk) via Wikimedia Commons.

Phlox douglasii

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Soft-tip cuttings 1 to 1.5 inches (2.5 to 3.75 cms) long, June to September. Stop. Ready to plant September or spring. The hybrids are the most free flowering of all the spine-leaved type.

The alpine phloxes are as essential and glorious in the rock garden as the taller phloxes are in the herbaceous border. Prostrate in habit, their dense mats of small leaves are neat and attractive, while flowering covers May to June. All like sun, well-drained soil, and are propagated by cuttings May-July.

P. douglasii, 2-4 inches(5-10 cms) high. Tufted carpets of small green leaves, with almost stemless flowers of lilac-lavender, May-July. Fine forms include
'Boothman's variety', mauve-blue, darker centre,
'May Snow', purewhite, and
'Rose Queen', silvery rose.

There are other phlox used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

phloxcflosdouglasiiredadmiralwoodcottagenursery
Photo of Phlox douglasii 'Red Admiral from Wood Cottage Nursery

Potentilla nitida var. rubra

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Divide April. Pot gritty soil. Ready to plant following spring, avoid winter damp. Cuttings dry frame, August-September.

 

There is a page describing other Potentilla and their culture in Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club. Published in 1962.

P. nitida, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high. Perennial herb with silvery foliage, mat-forming, with rose-pink flowers in July-August. Rather poor soil, lime-rich, and sun. Scree. Propagated by division, April.

P. fruticosa beesii (P. f. nana argentea), 12-18 inches (30-45 cms) high. A shrubby, silver-leafed form, with buttercup-yellow flowers, August-October. Spread to 36 inches (90 cms) so needs room. Well-drained soil, and sun. Propagated by heeled cuttings, June-July.

There are other potentilla used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

potentillacfornitidawikimediacommons

Potentilla nitida. By Leif Stridvall (Source http://www.stridvall.se/ ) via Wikimedia Commons.

Primula marginata hybrids
'Linda Pope'

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There are many pages about Primulas and their different propagation in The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950.

P. marginata, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high. Toothed leaves with white mealy edging, funnel-shaped blue-lilac flowers in umbels;
var. alba is a rare white:
'Linda Pope', clear lavender;
'Pritchard's', deep lavender-blue;
'Waitham's', 2 inch (5 cms) high, lavender flowers.
Flowering March-April. Good crevice plants for partial shade. Propagated by division, after flowering, every fourth year.

There are other primula used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery and over 2 pages in Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club. Published in 1962.

primulacformarginatawikimediacommons

Primula marginata in the Queyras. By Meneerke bloem via Wikimedia Commons.

Saponaria ocymoides 'Rubra Compacta' (Pink Alpine Soapwort)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in Canada

 

 

 

 

 

Increase by soft cuttings taken in July, inserted round the edge of a pan of cutting sand sunk in the normal semi-intensive frame, or in a pumice pan. Pot in August or September in a mixture of 3 parts peat, 3 loam and 1 each of sand and crock chips. Cover the surface of the pot with chippings, limestone or tufa, and whether the plants are panned up for the alpine-house or planted in the open, see that they have at least 0.5 inches (1.25 cms) of chippings under them, as the plant seems to dislike lying on the bare ground. The first winter should be spent in a cool green-house with careful watering, never letting the plant get dead dry.

S. ocymoides, 6 inches (15 cms) high. Mat-forming perennial with trailing stems, covered with small pink flowers, June-July. Good for hot dry places, porous soils, and full sun, to grow over rock faces or walls. Propagate by cuttings taken in July to maintain replacement stock.
Var. rubra compacta is of neater growth with large carmine flowers, and apparently requires a humus-rich, well-drained soil, but is not long-lived in wet seasons. Both plants should be regualarly propagated by cuttings taken in July to maintain replacement stock.

There are other saponaria used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

saponariacforocymoideswikimediacommons

Saponaria ocymoides L. - Italy, Vinschgau, Mals, Tartscher Bühel, 2010-05-06. By Ralf Hand via Wikimedia Commons.

Saxifraga. Kabschias now Porphyrion

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

 

 

 

 

 

There are many pages about Saxifraga The Kabschia Group and their propagation in The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950.

Contains some of the prettiest saxifrages, all forming compact mounds or cushions of minute silvery foliage, from which arise dainty clusters of small flowers or flowers on short stems. They like sunshine, though not full and hot all day in mid-summer, well-drained, gritty soil, and a surface of stone chippings about them. Propagated by division, spring, or cuttings.

There are other saxifraga used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

 

Saxifraga (cochlearis) 'Minor'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

 

 

 

 

 

Divide August, small offsets, pot limy soil, ready 3 to 4 weeks. Can be planted direct.

Botanically, saxifraga are split up into 16 sections, plus a wealth of hybrids.

S. cochlearis, 6 inches (15 cms) high. Heavily encrusted rosettes, white flowers, June;
var minor, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high, is a diminutive form, good for crevices;
major, 8 inches (20 cms) high, is a larger edition.

saxifragacforcochleariswikimediacommons

Saxifraga cochlearis. By Kurt Stüber via Wikimedia Commons.

Sempervivum arachnoideum and varieties

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

 

 

 

 

 

Sempervivums are increased by division in May, when they can either be planted direct or in September when they should be potted and grown through the winter in a frame with very little water. They need full sun and appreciate lime. They prefer a starvation diet with plenty of lime.

A genus of succulents, valuable for hot, dry places, to grow in tight crevices, and bare places where little else will grow. Good for dry walls.
S. arachnoideum, 2 inches (5 cms) high. Cobweb House Leek, rosettes of green or reddish leaves, with tips linked by cobweb-like grey hairs; leafy stems topped by bright rose-red flowers, July. Vars glabrescens, with egg-shaped rosettes, less freely webbed; 'Commander Hay', green and maroon rosettes; grandiflorum, large coloured rosettes; and laggeri, richly crimsoned rosettes, are all handsome,
S. x calcaratum,
S. ciliosum,
S. x 'Maltby',
S. pumilum,
S. schlehanii,
S. tectorum.

There are other sempervivum used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

 

Soldanella alpina

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

 

 

 

 

 

There are 2 pages about Soldanella and their propagation in The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950.

Very charming dwarf alpines, forming spreading mats of rounded, often glossy, leaves, from a rhizomatous rootstock, with elegant fringed bells of flowers on short stems in early spring. A cool position with moist, but well-drained soil, is needed, with open light; winter protection against damp, and precautions against slugs, particularly in late winter and spring.

S. alpina, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high. Dainty, kidney-shaped leaves, pale violet-blue fringed flowers. Propagated by division, June.

S montana, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high. Bell-shaped, fringed flowers of blue or bluish-lilac. Propagated by division, June.

S. pusilla, 2-4 inches (5-10 cms) high. Narrow bell-shaped flowers of lavender-blue; a dainty dwarf.

There are other soldanella used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

 

The standard potting and seed-soil recipes from The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills are alongside:

Normal Alpine Soil, potting and planting
7 parts loam
4 parts peat or leafmould
3 parts sharp sand

Lime-Lover's Mixture
7 parts loam
2 parts peat
3 parts sand
2 parts mortar rubble

Peaty Mixture
7 parts peat
4 parts sand
3 parts loam

Leafy Mixture
3 parts loam
4 parts sand
7 parts leafmould

Gritty Mixture
2 parts standard alpine soil
1 part pounded slate
1 part limestone chippings

Normal Seed Soil
2 parts loam
1 part sifted peat or leafmould
1 part sharp sand

Peaty Seed Soil
2 parts sifted peat of leafmould
1 part loam
1 part sharp sand

 

Many of the species described do best in the soil mixtures used at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, they can either be used only for the particular plants for which they are recommended, or adopted in place of normal alpine soil and standard leaf-compost.

Kew No 1 seed mixture can be used for all alpine seeds other than known lime-haters, woodland species, and others requiring large quantities of humus in the early stages. It is composed of:

  • 6 parts sandy loam
  • 4 parts sifted leafmould, oak for choice
  • 2 parts sharp sand
  • 1 part crushed tufa
  • 1 part crushed flower pot

Plants raised on this mixture should be potted in Kew No. 1 potting soil:

  • 6 parts sandy loam
  • 2 parts leafmould
  • 1 part sharp sand
  • 1 part crushed pot

Kew No. 2 seed mixture is used where membership of the order Ericaceae, or the plant collector's notes, give indication of a lime-hating or woodland species:-

  • 4 parts loam (lime-free if possible)
  • 4 parts sifted leaf-mould
  • 1 part peat
  • 4 parts sharp sand
  • 2 parts crushed pot

Kew No. 2 potting soil, for seeds raised in the compost alongside, is composed of:-

  • 6 parts lime-free loam
  • 4 parts leafmould
  • 1 part peat
  • 1 part sharp sand
  • 1 part crushed pot

The crushed pot is a very valuable ingredient, as it adds the power of retaining moisture to its mechanical properties as a grit, it is smashed or ground by a machine, about as fine as a good cutting sand, that is particles from the size of a radish seed down to dust. It can also be bought from flower-pot makers, they usually sell it to firms who lay down hard tennis courts. It should not be confused with normal hard tennis court dressing which is smashed bricks, mainly under-baked, and without the necessary angular shape.

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 2
PAGES

Site Map

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY PAGES Links to pages in Table alongside on the left with Garden Design Topic Pages

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

Plant Type
 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 with its Cultivation Requirements

Alpines for Rock Garden (See Rock Garden Plant Flowers)

Alpine Shrubs and Conifers

The Alpine Meadow
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

The Alpine Border
1
, 2

Alpine Plants for a Purpose

The Alpines that Dislike Lime 1, 2

Alpines and Walls
Dry Sunny Walls 1a, b
Tops of Walls 2a, b
Dry Shady and Conifers 3a, b

Alpines and
Paving
1
, 2

Sink and Trough gardens
1
, 2

Aquatic
(Water Plants) for

Anti-erosion River-bank

Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants)
1
, 2

Oxy-genating Weeds

Water Lilies

Floating Plants

Water-side Plants
and Plants for Dry Margins next to a Pond
1
, 2

Wildlife Pond Plants

Annual for

----------------



 

 

ANY PLANT TYPE for
Cut Flowers in
January 1, 2
February
March 1, 2
April
May 1, 2
June 1, 2
July 1, 2
August
September
October
November
December

Exposed Sites

Sheltered Sites with Green-house Annuals from 1916

Extra Poor Soil with Half-Hardy Annuals from 1916

Very Rich Soil with Biennials from 1916

Gap-filling in Mixed Borders with Hardy Annuals from 1916

Patio Con-tainers

Cut Flowers
1
, 2, 3 Ever-lasting Flowers with Red Flowers from 1916

Attract-ing bene-ficial insects
1
, 2

Scent / Fra-grance with Annuals for Cool or Shady Places from 1916

Low-allergen Gardens for Hay Fever Sufferers

Annual Plant Pairing Ideas and Colour Schemes with Annuals
1
, 2

Low-Growing Annuals
1
, 2

Medium-Growing Annuals

Tall-Growing Annuals with White Flowers from 1916

Black or Brown Flowers

Blue to Purple Flowers

Green Flowers with Annuals and Biennials from 1916

Red to Pink Flowers and Cut Flowers
Page
1
, 2, 3

White Flowers
1
, 2

Yellow or Orange Flowers
1
, 2

Dec-orative Foliage

Moist Soil

Shade
1
, 2

House-plants with Yellow Flowers from 1916

Edging Beds

Hanging Baskets

Vining Annuals

 

Bedding for

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Autumn/ Winter Bedding

Bedding for Light Sandy Soil

Bedding for Acid Soil

Bedding for Chalky Soil

Bedding for Clay Soil

Black Flowers

Blue Flowers

Orange Flowers

Pink Flowers

Long Flowering

Coloured Leaves

Attract-ive to Wildlife including Bees, Butterflies and Moths

Purple Flowers

Red Flowers

White Flowers

Yellow Flowers

Multi-Coloured Flowers

Aromatic Foliage or Scented Flowers

Bedding Plant Use

Flowers with 2 Petals

Flowers with 3 Petals

Flowers with
4 Petals

Flowers with 5 Petals

Flowers with 6 Petals

Flowers with more than 6 Petals

Use in Hanging Baskets

Flower Simple Shape

Shape of
Stars

Shape of
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Shape of
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Shape of
Trumpets and Funnels

Shape of
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

Use in Pots and Troughs

Flower Elabo-rated Shape

Shape of
Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Shape of
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Shape of
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

 

Use in
Screen-ing

Use in
Window Boxes

Shape of
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

Shape of
Discs and Florets

Shape of
Pin-Cushions and Tufts

Shape of
Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

 

Use in Bedding Out

Use in
Filling In

Biennial for

Cottage and Other Gardens
1
, 2

Cut Flower with Biennials for Rock Work from 1916

Patio Con-tainers with Biennials for Pots in Green-house / Con-servatory

Bene-ficial to Wildlife with Purple and Blue Flowers from 1916

Scent with Biennials for Sunny Banks or Borders from 1916

 

 

Bulb for
--------------
Explan-ation Intro to Bulbs
--------------
725 Blue, White, Yellow, Unusual Colour, or Red-Purple-Pink flowering Bulbs in each month they flower.

Indoor Bulbs for
Dec-ember
January
February

Indoor Bulbs for
March
April
May

Indoor
Bulbs for
June
July
August

Indoor Bulbs for Sep-tember
October
November

Bulbs in Window-boxes
1
, 2

Bulbs in the Border

Bulbs natural-ised in Grass

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Dec-Jan
Feb-Mar

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Apr-May
Jun-Aug 1, 2, 3, 4

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Sep-Oct
Nov-Dec

Any Plant Type Blooming in Smallest of Gardens

Bulbs for the Bulb Frame

Bulbs in the Wood-land Garden

Bulbs in the Rock Garden

Bulbs in Green-house or Stove

Achi-menes, Alocasias, Amorpho-phalluses, Aris-aemas, Arums, Begonias, Bomar-eas, Calad-iums

Clivias,
Colo-casias, Crinums, Cyclam-ens, Cyrt-anthuses, Euchar-ises, Urceo-charis, Eurycles

Freesias, Gloxinias, Hae-manthus, Hipp-eastrums

Lachen-alias, Nerines, Lycorises, Pen-cratiums, Hymen-ocallises, Richardias, Sprekelias, Tuberoses, Vallotas, Watsonias, Zephy-ranthes

Bulbs in Bowls

Bulbs in the Alpine House

Hardy Bulbs

Aconitum, Allium, Alstroe-meria, Anemone 1, 1a

Amaryllis, Antheri-cum, Antholy-zas, Apios, Arisaema, Arum, Aspho-deline,

Aspho-delus, Belam-canda, Bloom-eria, Brodiae, Bulbo-codium

Calo-chorti, Cyclo-bothras, Camassia, Col-chicum, Con-vallaria,
Forcing Lily of the Valley, Corydalis, Crinum, Crosmia, Mon-tbretia , Crocus

Cyclamen, Dicentra, Dierama, Eranthis, Eremurus, Ery-thrnium, Eucomis

Fritillaria, Funkia, Gal-anthus, Galtonia, Gladiolus, Hemero-callis

Hya-cinth, Hya-cinths in Pots,
Scilla, Pusch-kinia, Chion-odoxa, Chiono-scilla, Muscari

Iris,
Kniphofia, Lapey-rousia, Leucojum

Lilium,

Lilium in Pots, Malvastrum, Merendera, Milla, Narcissus, Narcissi in Pots

Orni-thogalum, Oxalis, Paeonia, Ran-unculus, Romulea, Sanguin-aria,
Stern-bergia,
Schi-zostylis, Teco-philaea, Trillium

Tulip,
Zephy-ranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs

Acidan-thera, Albuca, Alstroe-meri, Andro-stephium, Bassers, Boussing-aultias, Bravoas, Cypellas, Dahlias, Galaxis,
Geis-sorhizas, Hesper-anthas

Gladioli, Ixias,
Sparaxises, Babianas, Morphixias, Tritonias

Ixio-lirions, Moraeas, Orni-thogal-ums, Oxalises, Phaedra-nassas,
Pan-cratiums, Tigridias, Zephyr-anthes, Cooper-ias

Bulbs for Bedding

Plant each Bedding Plant with a Ground, Edging or Dot Plant for
Spring
1
, 2
or
Summer
1
, 2

Climber 3 sector Vertical Plant System with

Any Plant Type flowers in
Jan,
Feb,
Mar,
Apr,
May 1, 2
Jun,
Jul,
Aug,
Sep,
Oct,
Nov,
Dec
 

----------
Choosing the right Plant

1a.
The Base -
Base of Wall Plants

1b.
Annuals

1c.
Herbs and Vege-tables

1d.
Cut
flowers, Cut Foliage

1e.
Scented flower or foliage

1f.
Foliage use only

 

2a. 1,2,3,4
The Prime - Wall Shrubs

2b.
Fruit trees

3a.
The Higher Reaches -
House-wall Ramblers

3b. 1,2
Non-House-Wall - Climbing Twiners

3c.
Non-House-Wall - Self-clinging Climbers

Raised
Bed
for Wheel-chair Users

Plants for Wildlife-Use as well

Fastest Covering

Least prot-ruding growth when fan-trained

1, 2
Evergreen

Use as
Hedge

Exposed Positions

Use as Ground-cover

1,2
Ornam-ental Fruit

Scented Flowers

1, 2
Autumn Foliage Colour

Winter Bark

Winter and Early Spring Flowers

Summer Colour or Shape of Foliage

Edible Fruit

Needs Conserv-atory or Green-house

Large
Pots and Con-tainers
1
, 2

Cut Flowers

Attractive to Bees

Climber - Simple Flower Shape

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a
Stars

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1a1a1a1a1a1a
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord2
Trumpets and Funnels

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming
Salver-form

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14q1a1a1a1a1a
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

 

Climber - Elabo-rated Flower Shape

prunellaflotgrandiflora
Tubes, Lips and Straps

aquilegiacfloformosafoord
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14u1a1a1a1a1a1
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14v1a1a1a1a1a1
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock
Disks and Florets

andosacecforyargongensiskevock
Pin-cushions, Tufts, Petal-less and Cushions

armeriaflomaritimakevock
Umbels, Buttons and Pompoms

 

STAGE 4A 12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Brown

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Cream

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
White

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1 Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Multi-Colou-red

1
Each Flower Diff-

1
erent Colour

 

STAGE 4B 12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
Deciduous Shrubs or Trees, Herbaceous Perennials or Bulbs- if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.
Evergreen Shrubs or Trees, Evergreen Perennials - if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.

Jan Win

Feb Win

Mar Spr

Apr Spr

May Spr

Jun Sum

Jul Sum

Aug Sum

Sep Aut

Oct Aut

Nov Aut

Dec Win

Decid
Herba

Ever-green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Black

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Bronze

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Grey

1
White

1
Silver

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Varie-gated

1

1

1

1

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


Site design and content copyright ©July 2016.
Top menus revised June 2018. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

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Services

Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders - was first published in 1977 and this paperback edition was published on 1 August 1994 ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-
This comprehensive book looks at scented flowers and leaves of plants from all over the world. The work has been prepared to the standards of the Index Kewensis, and is filled with the most interesting facts about the scented flora of the world.

I am using the above book from someone who took 30 years to compile it from notes made of his detailed observations of growing plants in preference to
The RHS Companion to Scented Plants Hardcover – 16 Oct 2014 by Stephen Lacey (Author), Andrew Lawson (Photographer) ISBN 978-0-7112-3574-8 even though this is the only major reference work on scent and scented plants which is endorsed by the Royal Horticultural Society. See reasons for stopping infilling of previous Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page.

The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950 by Faber and Faber Limited describes every method of propagation for 2,500 species. Unlike modern books published since 1980, this one states exactly what to do and is precisely what you require if you want to increase your alpines.

Topic
Case Studies
Companion Planting

...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design

...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants

...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
Bulb
Climber

 

Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12

All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index

All Foliage 212
All Spring Foliage 212

All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212
Rock Plant Flowers 53

 

Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...Infill2 Plants *
...Infill3 Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...All2 Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

 

Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods

Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable

Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

 

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY

 

Cultivation Requirements of Plant

Outdoor / Garden Cultivation

1

Indoor / House Cultivation

1

Cool Greenhouse (and Alpine House) Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter

1

Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year

1

Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

1

 

Sun Aspect

Full Sun

1

Part Shade

1

Full Shade

1

 

Soil Type

Any Soil

1

Chalky Soil

1

Clay Soil

1

Lime-Free Soil

1

Peaty Soil

1

Sandy Soil

1

Acid Soil

1

Alkaline Soil

1

Badly-drained Soil

1

 

Soil Moisture

Dry

1

Moist

1

Wet

1

 

Position for Plant

Back of Shady Border

1

Back of Shrub Border

1

Bedding

1

Bog Garden

1

Coastal Conditions / Seaside

1

Container in Garden

1

Front of Border

1

Ground Cover 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

1

Ground Cover 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

1

Ground Cover Over 72 inches (180 cms)

1

Hanging Basket

1

Hedge

1

Hedge - Thorny

1

Pollution Barrier

1

Pond

1

Pot in House, Greenhouse, Conservatory or Stovehouse

1

Raised Bed

1

Rest of Border

1

Rock Garden

1

Scree Bed

1

Speciman on Lawn

1

Sunny Border

1

Tree for Lawn

1

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden

1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9, 10,
11,12,
13,14,
15,16,
uses of tree/ shrub

Wildflower

1

Windbreak

1

Woodland

1

 

Use of Plant

Pollen or nectar for Bees

1

Hosts to Butterflies

1

Encouraging birds / wildlife, providing food and shelter

1

Bee-Pollinated plants for Hay Fever Sufferers

1

Berries / Fruit

1

Dry Site in Full Sun

1

Dry Shade

1

Filtering noise

1

Flower Arrange-ments

Growing Plants for the Church

1



1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9,10,
11,12,
13,14

Fragrant Flower

1

Language of Flowers

1

Low maintenance

1

Moist Shade

1

Moist and swampy Sites

1

Nitrogen fixing plants

1

Not Fragrant Flower

1

Rabbit-Resistant

1

Speciman Plant

1

Thornless

1

Tolerant of Poor Soil

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Plant Foliage

Aromatic Foliage

1

Autumn Foliage

1

Finely Cut Leaves

1

Large Leaves

1

Yellow Variegated Foliage

1

White Variegated Foliage

1

Red / Purple Variegated Foliage

1

Silver, Grey and Glaucous Foliage

1

Sword-shaped Leaves

1

 

 

Flower Shape

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less
lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

1 Petal

1

2 Petals

1

3 Petals
irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

4 Petals
aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

5 Petals
anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Above 5
anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars
anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bowls
 

1

Cups and Saucers
euphorbiacflo1wallichiigarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Globes
paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Goblets and Chalices
paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Trumpets
acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Funnels
stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bells
digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Thimbles
fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Urns
ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Salverform

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

Flower Shape - Elaborated

Tubes, Lips and Straps
prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets
aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Hats, Hoods and Helmets
acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Standards, Wings and Keels
lathyrusflotvernus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Discs and Florets
brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pin-Cushions
echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Tufts
centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Cushion
androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Umbel
agapanthuscflos1campanulatusalbidusgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Buttons
argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pompoms
armeriacflomaritimakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Natural Arrangements

Bunches, Posies, Sprays
bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Columns, Spikes and Spires
ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Whorls, Tiers and Candelabra
lamiumflotorvala2a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Plumes and Tails
astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Chains and Tassels
 

1

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades
 

1

Spheres, Domes (Clusters), Plates and Drumsticks
androsacecfor1albanakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Shrub, Tree Shape

Columnar
ccolumnarshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Oval
covalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Rounded or Spherical
croundedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Flattened Spherical
cflattenedsphericalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Conical / Narrow Pyramidal
cnarrowconicalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Conical / Broad Pyramidal
cbroadpyramidalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Ovoid /
Egg-Shaped

ceggshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Ovoid
cbroadovoidshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Vase-shaped / Inverted Ovoid
cnarrowvaseshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Fan-Shaped /Vase-Shaped
cfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Fan-Shaped / Broad Vase-Shaped
cbroadfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Weeping
cnarrowweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Weeping
cbroadweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Palm

1

 

Conifer Cone

1

 

Form

Arching

1

Climbing

1

Clump-Forming

1

Mat-Forming

1

Mound-Forming

1

Prostrate

1

Spreading

1

Stemless

1

Upright

1

 

Poisonous Plant

1

 

STAGE 1
GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark
1
, 2, 3

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2

Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

Scented Aquatic Plants
1


Plants with Scented Fruits
1


Plants with Scented Roots
1
, 2

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood
1


Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums
1


Scented Cacti and Succulents
1


Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell
1
, 2
 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 3

Fan-trained Shape
fantrainedshape2a1a1a

From Rhododendrons, boxwood, azaleas, clematis, novelties, bay trees, hardy plants, evergreens : novelties bulbs, cannas novelties, palms, araucarias, ferns, vines, orchids, flowering shrubs, ornamental grasses and trees book, via Wikimedia Commons

 

Ramblers Scramblers & Twiners by Michael Jefferson-Brown (ISBN 0 - 7153 - 0942 - 0) describes how to choose, plant and nurture over 500 high-performance climbing plants and wall shrubs, so that more can be made of your garden if you think not just laterally on the ground but use the vertical support structures including the house as well.

The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A Guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. (ISBN 0-670-82929-3) provides the lists for 'Choosing the right Shrub or Climber' together with Average Height and Spread after 5 years, 10 years and 20 years.

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3


Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club.
Published in 1962. It provides most of the data about the Alpines.

Plant Solutions 1000+ suggestions for every garden situation by Nigel Colborn ISBN
13:978
0 00 719312 7, provides many of the plants for the pages in these Galleries.

Essential Annuals The 100 Best for Design and Cultivation. Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell. ISBN 0-517-66177-2, provides data about annuals.

Indoor Bulb
Growing by
Edward Pearson
. Published by Purnell & Sons, Ltd in 1953. It provides the data about Indoor Bulbs and Bulbs in
Window-boxes.

Colour All The
Year In My Garden
: A selection of choice varieties - annuals, biennials, perennials, bulbs, climbers and trees and shrubs - that will give a continuity of colour
in the garden throughout the year. Edited by C.H. Middleton. Gardening Book
from Ward, Lock & Co published in 1938, provides plant data for a calendar of plants in bloom throughout the year and for those in the smallest garden.

The Book of Bulbs by S. Arnott, F.R.H.S. Printed by
Turnbull & Spears, Edinburgh in 1901. This provides data about Hardy Bulbs, Half-Hardy Bulbs, Greenhouse and Stove Bulbs.

Collins Guide to
Bulbs by Patrick
M. Synge
. ISBN
0 00 214016-0
First Edition 1961, Second Edition 1971, Reprinted 1973. This provides data on bulbs for bedding, bulbs in the border, bulbs naturalised in grass, bulbs in the woodland garden, bulbs in the rock garden, bulbs in pans in the alpine house, bulbs in the greenhouse, bulbs in bowls and the bulb frame.

Annuals & Biennials, the best annual and biennial plants and their uses in the garden by Gertrude Jekyll published in 1916 and
republished by Forgotten Books in 2012
(Forgotten Books
is a London-based book publisher specializing in the restoration of old books, both fiction and non-fiction. Today we have
372,702 books available to read online, download as ebooks, or
purchase in print.).

Cut Flowers All The Year from The New Illustrated
Gardening Encyclopedia
by Richard Sudell, printed before May 1935 for the plant names in each month, followed by details for culture and propagation.

Mr. Middleton's Garden Book by
Daily Express Publication,
reprinted 1941
for the individual
cultivar names with evergreen/
deciduous, flower colour, flower month and height.

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Tree and Shrubs in Garden Design -

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Clay Soils (neutral to slightly acid)

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Dry Acid Soils

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Shallow Soil over Chalk

Trees and Shrubs tolerant of both extreme Acidity and Alkalinity

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Damp Sites

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Industrial Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Cold Exposed Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Seaside Areas

Shrubs suitable for Heavy Shade

Shrubs and Climbers suitable for NORTH- and EAST-facing Walls

Shrubs suitable for Ground Cover

Trees of Pendulous Habit

Trees and Shrubs of Upright or Fastigiate Habit

Trees and Shrubs with Ornamental Bark or Twigs

Trees and Shrubs with Bold Foliage

Trees and Shrubs for Autumn Colour

Trees and Shrubs with Red or Purple Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Golden or Yellow Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Grey or Silver Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Variegated Foliage

Trees and Shrubs bearing Ornamental Fruit

Trees and Shrubs with Fragrant or Scented Flowers

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Foliage

Flowering Trees and Shrubs for Every Month:-
Jan
, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec

The following table shows the linkages for the information about the plants
described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening in The Gardeners' Golden Treasury, revised by A. G. L Hellyer F.L.S, Editor of 'Amateur Gardening', (thirty-first impression of original published in 1895) was published in 1960 by W. H. & L. Collingridge Limited,
between:-

  • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery (in this Table) and Stage 1 Fragrant Plants (in Table on left), then
  • Stage 2 - 3 Infill Plants Index Galleries (in Table on right), then
  • Stage 3a - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2 (in this Table)
  • Stage 3b - All2 Plants Index Gallery for Alpines without a Garden for your health and productivity (in this Table)
  • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right)
  • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right) with
    column for Deciduous / Herbaceous plants with the same foliage colour during their growing season and
    column for Evergreen plants with the same foliage colour during the entire year
  • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery (in Table on left)
  • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery (in Table on left)

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
It would be useful if when you decide to change your garden that you use a uniform garden style throughout your garden and the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY aims to provide pointers.
The new pages (April 2016) in the gallery will have a suitable list of plants on each page (as that plant gets further detailed in the ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY), then each row containing that plant name in the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY will also be updated. I aim to input details of plants starting with A in alphabetical order to Z.

Private Garden Design:-
What is your Budget and What are the purposes for your garden?
Designing for a purpose: Areas which require answers before answering your Designing for a Purpose Questionaire.
Then, do the Site Survey with Photographs, before putting the Current Garden Design on paper or in your computer.
Using the Broad Design elements of Scale, which Garden Style to use:-
Low Maintenance Garden Style, Cottage Garden Style, Wildlife Garden Style or Japanese Garden Style and the
Hard and Soft Landscaping elements, create the Broad Proposed Design. Then, the Detailed Design of each Hard Landscaping item followed by the Soft Landscaping elements: The Soil, changing the Microclimate; and the
Plant Selection is influenced by the Colour Wheel, with Plant Quantities determined by time to establish versus width between plants and Companion Planting will provide helpful neighbouring plants
or
Click on text in cells below to jump to that page describing that data
.

 


Container

Gardening at my work-place

 

<----

 

Yes
|
v


Do you want to garden and grow plants?

 

No

Cannot be bothered.
If you wish to improve your productivity and health, then, plant an Alpine Pan in your work area or at home using the information within Alpines without a Garden by Lawrence D. Hills, using these pages:-


Potted
House-plant


<----
|
|
v


No
Garden

At Home with Gard-ening Area


Yes


---->

Balcony Garden or Roof Garden


Yes
---->

Grow flowers for flower arranging and vegetables on Balcony Garden or Roof Garden

Pan Plant Back-grou-nd Colour

STAGE 3b
ALL2 PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

|
v


Conservatory Gardening

|
<--
|

 

|
No
-->

Outside Garden
|
v

Pan, Trough and Window-Box Odds and Sods
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14,
15

The beginner's dozen for the small pan

Plants for the pan gar-den


Stovehouse for Tropical Plants

|
<--

An extra dozen for the larger pan

Kinds of Pan Plants that may be split up and tucked in Corners and Crevices

|
|
v

Miniature trees and shrubs for pan

The leafy soil pan

The gritty soil pan

The Limy Soil Plan

Blue Flower Colour Pan Plants

Lilac, Violet and Purple Flower Colour Pan Plants

Reds, Carm-ines Flower Colour Pan Plants

Pinks Flower Colour Pan Plants

White Flower Colour Pan Plants and Bicol-ored

Yellow Flower Colour Pan Plants

Blue Flower Colour Trough Plants

Violet, Lilac and Purple Flower Colour Trough Plants

|
|
v

Reds and Carm-ines Flower Colour Trough Plants

Pinks - all shades Flower Colour Trough Plants

Yellow Flower Colour Trough Plants

White and Cream Flower Colour Trough Plants

Bi-colour-ed Flower Colour Trough Plants

Feb Flower Season Pan

Mar Flower Season Pan

Apr Flower Season Pan

May Flower Season Pan

Jun Flower Season Pan

Jul Flower Season Pan

Aug Flower Season Pan

Sep Flower Season Pan

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Pan

Nov Flower Season Pan

Pans for Semi-shade

Pans for In-doors

Mini-ature Pot

Feb Flower Season Trough

Mar Flower Season Trough

Apr Flower Season Trough

May Flower Season Trough

Jun Flower Season Trough

Jul Flower Season Trough

Aug Flower Season Trough

Sep Flower Season Trough

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Trough

Nov Flower Season Trough

Dec Flower Season Trough

Bulb Pan

Bulb Cover-ing Carp-eters

Trough and Window-box plants 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trough and Window-Box Background Colour

Pan Plant
Alpines without a Garden

ABC 1
Pan Plants

DEF 1
Pan Plants

GHI
Pan Plants

JKL 1
Pan Plants

|
|
v

MNO 1
Pan Plants

PQR 1
Pan Plants

STU 1
Pan Plants

V 1
Pan Plants

WXYZ 1
Pan Plants

You need to know the following:-
1. How much time per week are you prepared to look after your garden or prepared to pay someone else to do it for you?
2. How much are you are prepared to spend on creating your garden and then on its maintenance for its feeding and replacement of its plants and hard landscaping?
3. In order for you to go into your garden, there must be mystery in it, so that from any position in the house you cannot see all the garden, otherwise you will not be tempted to go out into it.
4. You must decide what garden style you are going to use THROUGHOUT the garden and make sure of using 3. the mystery in it as well.
5. What plants do you want to keep in your existing garden and incorporate into your new garden?
6. What Human Problems do you have and what Site Problems are there?

A) Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers List leads onto the
B) Bee Pollinated Bloom in Month galleries and
C) extra Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers.


<----

Human Prob-lems
v


---->

Blind,
Deaf,
in a Wheelchair, or
you cannot bend easily

 

 

 

Garden Style, which takes into account the Human Problems above

 

 

Classic Mixed Style


<----

Cottage Garden Style


<----

.
v


---->

Naturalistic Style

Formal English Garden

 

Mediterranean Style


<----

Meadow and Corn-field


<----

.
.
v


---->

Paving and Gravel inland,
Coastal Conditions near the sea, Seashore with shingle/sand

 

 

 

 

Problem Sites within your chosen Garden Style from the above

 

 

Exposure to Wind


<----

Excess Shade


<----

Exce-ssively Dry Shade


<----


<----

.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Exce-ssively Hot, Sunny and Dry Site is suitable for Drought Resistant Plants

Excessively Wet Soil - especially when caused by poor drainage

Control of Pests (Aphids, Rabbits, Deer, Mice, Mole, Snails) / Disease by Companion Planting in Garden

Whether your Heavy Clay or Light Sandy / Chalk Soil is excessively Alkaline (limy) / Acidic or not, then there is an Action Plan for you to do with your soil, which will improve its texture to make its structure into a productive soil instead of it returning to being just sand, chalk, silt or clay.


<----

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Problems caused by builders:- 1. Lack of soil on top of builders rubble in garden of just built house.
2. Clay soil of Garden slopes towards house with no drainage of this rainwater by the house wall.

In planning your beds for your garden, before the vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman planting is inserted into your soft landscaping plan, the following is useful to consider:-
1. The ground plan usually depends upon 1 or more unalterable existing features. The position of the doors of the house will dictate the positions of paths, the shortest route to the kitchen may indicate the best place for a paved area for eating and drinking out of doors, or the kept trees/shrubs may indicate what garden style is used.
2. Rules of Proportion -
A. A border should be roughly 1/2 as wide as the hedge or wall behind it.
B. The proportion of planted areas to paved or turfed areas should be 1/3 to 2/3, or a 1/4 to 3/4, not 1/2 and 1/2.
C. Within a bed or border, unless a 2-dimensional pattern on the ground is the objective, the height and bulk of the plants should be varied to avoid monotony; it is particularly important to provide strong planting, in terms of either height or bulk or both, at either end of a long bed.
D. The ground surface provides a background to the plants that is as important as the hedges, walls or fences that surround it. Grass is perhaps the most satisfying carpet to use, the cool green forming a restful antidote to the dancing colours of the flowers. Use different coloured pea-shingle inside Cedar Gravel for people in wheelchairs, or infirm in their legs or who suffer from Hay Fever.

Reasons for stopping infilling of Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page. From September 2017 will be creating the following new pages on Sense of Fragrance using Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders.
ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-

 

 

 

|
v

 

 

 

 

 

After you have selected your vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman plants for each bed or border, you will need to infill with plants taking the following into account:-

 

 

 

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark 1, 2, 3
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Sandy Soil 1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves 1, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit 1, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants 1, 2
Scented Aquatic Plants.
Plants with Scented Fruits.
Plants with Scented Roots 1, 2
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.
Scented Cacti and Succulents.
Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell 1, 2

Flower Perfume Group:-
Miscellaneous Group with scents - Balm, Brandy, Cedar, Cloying, Cowslip, Cucumber, Damask Rose, Daphne, Exotic, Freesia, Fur-like, Gardenia, Hay-like, Heliotrope, Honeysuckle, Hops, Hyacinth, Incense-like, Jasmine, Laburnham, Lilac, Lily of the Valley, Meadowsweet, Mignonette, Mint, Mossy, Muscat, Muscatel, Myrtle-like, Newly Mown Hay, Nutmeg, Piercing, Primrose, Pungent, Resinous, Sandalwood, Sassafras, Seductive, Slight, Soft, Stephanotis, Sulphur, Starch, Sweet, Sweet-briar, Tea-rose, Treacle and Very Sweet.

Flower Perfume Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group with scent - Hawthorn.
Heavy Group with scents -
Jonquil and
Lily.
Aromatic Group with scents - Almond,
Aniseed, Balsamic,
Carnation, Cinnamon, Clove,
Spicy and
Vanilla.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group with scent -
Verbena.
Fruit-scented Group with scents -
Apricot,
Fruity,
Green Apple,
Orange, Pineapple,
Ripe Apple , Ripe Banana and
Ripe Plum.
 

Flower Perfume Group:-
Animal-scented Group with scents -
Cat,
Dog,
Ferret,
Fox,
Goat,
Human Perspiration,
Musk,
Ripe Apple and
Tom Cat.
Honey Group.
Unpleasant Smell Group with scents -
Animal,
Fetid,
Fishy,
Foxy,
Fur-like,
Garlic,
Hemlock,
Manure,
Nauseating,
Perspiration,
Petrol,
Putrid,
Rancid,
Sickly,
Skunk,
Stale Lint
Sulphur and
Urinous,

Leaf Perfume Group:-
Turpentine Group.
Camphor and Eucalyptus Group.
Mint Group.
Sulphur Group.
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Heavy Group.
Aromatic Group.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group.
Fruit-scented Group.
Animal-scented Group.
Honey Group.

Scent of Wood, Bark and Roots Group:-
Aromatic Group.
Turpentine Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Stale Perspiration Group.

 

Scent of Fungi Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Sulphur Group.
Aromatic Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Fruit Group.
Animal Group.
Honey Group

Sense of Sight

Emotion of
Hot /Cool; Calm / Agitated

Emotion of
Low-key / High Key


<----

.
.
.
v

Emotion of
Inviting
/ Forbidding

Emotion of Intellectual versus Emotional

Sense of Touch

Sense of Taste

Sense of Sound

 

 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 for
lists of plants of 1 plant type for 1 cultivation requirement is in Table on right

 

 

 

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
Click on Blue or underlined text to jump to page comparing flower thumbnails of that blue colour in the
Other Plant Photo Galleries. RedPP is Red, Pink, Purple and Other is Unusual or Other Flower Colour.

Plant Type
with links to Other Plant Photo Galleries

ABC

DEF

GHI

JKL

MNO

PQR

STU

VWX

YZ

Alpine in Evergreen Perennial,
Herbaceous Perennial and Rock Garden

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Aquatic

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Annual/ Biennial

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bamboo

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bedding, 25
RHS Mixed Border Beds 75 and
Flower Shape, Flower Colour and Bedding Plant Use

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Bicolour

Other Flower Colours

White / Colour Bicolour

Bulb, 746 with Use, Flower Colour/Shape of
Allium / Anemone, Colchicum / Crocus, Dahlia, Gladiolus, Narcissus and Tulip

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Climber 71 Clematis, 58 other Climbers with Use, Flower Colour and Shape

1

Blue

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Conifer

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Deciduous Shrub 43 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Deciduous Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Evergreen Perennial 104 with Use, Flower Colour, Flower Shape and Number of Petals

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Shrub 46, Semi-Evergreen Shrub and Heather 74 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Fern with 706 ferns
within 21 types and 41 uses

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Grass

1

1

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

Herbaceous Perennial 91,
RHS Mixed Border Beds 176 and
Peonies 46 with Flower Colour/Shape

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Herb

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Odds and Sods

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rose with 720 roses within Flower Colour, Flower Shape, Rose Petal Count and Rose Use

1

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

 

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Soft Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Sub-Shrub

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Top Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Vegetable

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Wildflower 1918 with
Plants used by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterflies in the UK
I am inserting the plants described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening into STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

Red

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Multi-colour

Cream

Mauve

Brown

Shrub and Small Tree

Botanical Names Page

Common Names Page

Finally, you might be advised to check that the adjacent plants to the one you have chosen for that position in a flower bed are suitable; by checking the entry in Companion Planting - like clicking A page for checking Abies - and Pest Control page if you have a pest to control in this part of the flower bed.
Companion Planting
- A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
Pest Control using Plants

 

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
The planning a Rose Garden chapter from Rose Gardens by Jane Fearnley-Whitingstall ISBN 0 7011 3344 9 and
Plant Solutions by Nigel Colborn provides information for this gallery.

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 Reference books for these galleries in Table on left

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
In addition to these 10 galleries, there are links to the Other Plant Photo Galleries in the table above like Bulb , which have plant descriptions accessed by clicking a flower thumbnail in its flower comparison page. Click the respective flower colour - like Green - to change page to that flower colour comparison page. Then, you can also choose these other plants.
It will also state the Plant Combinations for each plant from The Ulimate Visual Guide to Successful Plant Harmony - The Encyclopedia of Planting Combinations by Tony Lord ISBN 1-55209-623-8

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY
Some extra details about the Cultivation Requirements of Plant:- Outdoor /Garden Cultivation, Indoor / House Cultivation, Cool Green-house Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter, Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year, and Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

Since 2006, I have requested photos etc from the Mail-Order Nurseries in the UK and later from the rest of the World. Few nurseries have responded.
I worked for a lady, who with her husband took 35 mm slides of plants in the 1960's and 1970's. She allowed me to digitise some of her Kodachrome slides, which I have used in my website. I discovered that at least the green colour of the foliage became very much darker over that period of years to 2008, by comparing wildflower photos from her slides with digital photos supplied by a current Wildflower mail-order nursery, so I stopped creating my Foliage Galleries.
I bought myself a camera some years ago and started taking photos, some of which have been put into the website. I started taking photos of the Heathers at the Royal Horticultural Society at Wisley garden. I have displayed the Heathers foliage in closeup since their leaves are 2mm long and in macro-scale in the Heather Galleries - sometimes the foliage colour at the terminal end of the foliage stem is only a few leaves, whereas others have the same foliage colour throughout the stem. I discovered that some of the heathers did not have the correct plant label, since the flower colour did not correspond with the flower colour in the literature. I was informed that since kids have free rein, that perhaps they move the plant labels. Since, I cannot rely that the heather plant label next to the heather plant is valid, I have stopped taking photos of those heathers.
This leaves a small problem, especially since very few gardens open to the public have their plants labelled so that the public can use the data on their label to buy that named plant from a nursery or garden centre. Currently (June 2018) I insert photos from Wikimedia Commons as well as my own.
I have found the above book - which does not contain any colour plant photos. Since it had the following experts help in creating it, I have decided to use its information in these 10 galleries to help the public:-

  • T.W. Sanders Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1895.
  • A.J Macself Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1926 - both Sanders and Macself had worked entirely to the handlists published by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • A.G.L. Hellyer in this work of revision and also in checking the all-important cultural notes sought the help of experts in the various classes of plant:-
    • Mr S.A. Pearce, Assistant Curator at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew undertook the revision of those genera of plants which in this country are mainly grown under glass.
    • Mr Will Ingwersen dealt with the Rock plants,
    • Mr N. Catchpole made himself responsible for trees and shrubs;
    • Mr G.A Phillips for herbaceous plants,
    • Mrs Francis Perry for water plants,
    • Mr A.J. Macself for ferns,
    • Mr E. Cooper for orchids,
    • Mr J.S Dakers for annuals,
    • Miss Doreen Crowther for fruit and vegetables

with the aid of further information from other books, magazines and cross-checking on the internet.
In this edition of the book Sander's Encyclopaedia, the individual soil mixtures to grow plants have been retained, for it was considered that many gardeners might still wish to use them in certain circumstances. The John Innes mixtures may be substituted wherever desired. Details of these individual mixtures will be put into these galleries.