Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill Plants Index Gallery:
Aquatic - Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants) Page 1

Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill Plants Index Gallery:
Aquatic - Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants) Page 1

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier for you to contact to buy this plant

Flower Colour

Sun Aspect of Full Sun,
Part Shade, Full Shade

with link to external website for photo/data

Flowering Months

with row in each month that it flowers in that colour in
STAGE 4A
12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
/

with link to
USA or
Canada
mail-order supplier

Height with Spacings or Width (W) in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour


with row in relevant pages that it has foliage of that colour in
STAGE 4B
12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

or
Background Colour nearest to middle-aged leaf colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Soil Moisture:-
Dry,
Moist,
Wet

with link to Australia or New Zealand mail-order supplier

 

with data for rows in
STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY and
STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Pages

Plant Type is:-

A for Aquatic
Ann for Annual / Biennial
Ba for Bamboo
Bu for Bulb
Cl for Climber
Co for Conifer
F for Fern
G for Grass
H for Herb
P for Perennial
Rh for Rhodo-dendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro for Rose
Sh for Shrub
So for Soft Fruit
To for Top Fruit
Tr for Tree
V for Vegetable
W for Wildflower

followed by:-
E for Evergreen,
D for Deciduous,
H for Herbaceous,
Alpine for being an Alpine as well as being 1 of above Plant Type /

 
Acid for Acidic,
Alk for Alkaline,
Any for AnySoil
 

with links to
STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2, 3
and
STAGE 3
ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2
pages
 

Comments

Adjacent Planting

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In the following descriptions PD indicates planting depth, i.e. depth of water over the soil or container.

Plant Associations

It is sad to reflect that in England so few gardens open to the public label their plants or label them so that the label is visible when that plant is in flower, so that visitors can identify; and then later locate and purchase that plant.

Few mail-order nurseries provide the detail as shown in my rose or heather galleries.

If you want to sell a product, it is best to display it. When I sold my Transit van, I removed its signage, cleaned it and took photos of the inside and outside before putting them onto an advert in Autotrader amongst more than 2000 other Transit vans - it was sold in 20 minutes.

If mail-order nurseries could put photos to the same complexity from start of the year to its end with the different foliage colours and stages of flowering on Wikimedia Commons, then the world could view the plant before buying it, and idiots like me would have valid material to work with.

I have been in the trade (until ill health forced my Sole Trader retirement in 2013) working in designing, constructing and maintaining private gardens for decades and since 2005 when this site was started, I have asked any nursery in the world to supply photos. R.V. Roger in Yorkshire allowed me to use his photos from his website in 2007 and when I got a camera to spend 5 days in July 2014 at my expense taking photos of his roses growing in his nursery field, whilst his staff was propagating them. I gave him a copy of those photos.

Acorus calamus 'Variegatus'
(Sweet Flag is in the Arum Family)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA
Supplier in Australia, who supply to the public, trade (within Australia) and botanic gardens around the world.
 

 

 

 

 

 

Acorus calamus variegatus has 30 inch (75 cms) striped green and greeny white.

Mass or specimen for water gardens, stream or pond margins, bogs or in moist open woodland gardens.

PD 0-2 inches (0-5 cms)

 

Alisma parviflora (American Water Plantain)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in Australia

 

 

 

 

 

Alisma parviflora has broad dark green leaves, deeply veined, and much-branched stems sprinkled with tiny white flowers. Height 12-15 inches (30-38 cms).

Suitable for ponds and lakes in semi shade. Flowering time June-August.  

PD 2-4 inches (5-10 cms)

 

Alisma plantago (Water Plantain, Alisma plantago-aquatica, Common Water-plantain is in the Water-Plantain Family)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in France
Supplier in Australia, who supply to the public, trade (within Australia) and botanic gardens around the world.

 

 

 

 

 

Alisma plantago (Water Plantain) has large leaves, very small pinkish flowers, and a tendency to crowd the containers of other marginal plants with its seedlings. Height 24 inches (60 cms).

Flowersing stems emerge from the centre of the leaf bases, and delicate white, pink or lilac flowers unfurl in the afternoon for only a few hours, before closing again at dusk. During this time, the flowers are pollinated by flies, which are attracted by small drops of nectar.

PD 0-6 inches (0-15 cms)

alismacforplantagoaquaticawikimediacommons

The flowering plant of Alisma plantago-aquatica. Moscow region, Russia. By Bff via Wikimedia Commons

Butomus umbellatus (Flowering rush is in the Flowering-Rush Family)

Supplier in UK
Supplier Florida Aquatic Nurseries in USA


Butomus umbellatus is a prohibited species in Illinois, Michigan, and Minnesota, and is restricted in Wisconsin (GLPANS 2008) USA.

 

 

 

 

 

Butomus umbellatus, the Flowering Rush, has tall stems with clusters of small red-centred pink flowers.

Grow in fertile mud at pond margins.

Divide Butomus umbellatus on a regular basis to encourage flowering. Butomus species will not flower in a congested basket but prefer muddy and nutrient high conditions. Butomus umbellatus are loved by hoverflies and butterflies when in flower in later summer.

PD 2-6 inches (5-15 cms)

 

Florida Aquatic Nurseries states:-
"Outdoors, there are 500 concrete production tanks for aquarium plants and waterlilies and 50 marginal beds for pond plants. In addition, the seven greenhouses total over 100,000 square feet of growing space making us one of the largest aquatic plant growers in the U. S."

butomuscforumbellatuswikimediacommons

Aspect of the plant Flowering Rush, Butomus umbellatus, in a natural habitat near the Elbe River. By Christian Fischer via Wikimedia Commons

Calla palustris (Bog Arum)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

 

 

 

 

 

Calla palustris (Bog Arum) is a spreading grower about 6 inches (15 cms) high with shiny leaves and miniature 'arum-lily' spathes.

All parts of bog arum, including the berries, are poisonous.

It thrives in shallow water, making it one of the best plants for disguising the pond's edge with its lush greenery. Unlike many pond plants, it will grow and even flower in deep shade, although planting in sun or part shade will result in more blooms.

PD 0-3 inches (0-8 cms)

callacforpalustriswikimediacommons

Calla palustris, Water Arum, Marsh Calla in Kerava, Finland. By Anneli Salo via Wikimedia Commons

Caltha

Latin name Caltha is derived from the Greek for 'goblet'.

 

 

 

 

 

Caltha. Marsh Marigold, Kingcup and Waterblobs are common names of these invaluable early-flowering plants. Happiest with their crowns barely covered by water, they brighten the pond edge from March-May.

PD 0.1 inches (0.25 cms)

 

Caltha palustris (Marsh marigold in the Buttercup Family,
Kingcup, Cowslip)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

The marsh marigold has a neat trick that allows it to stand in water that nearly submerges it, the stems are hollow and create pockets of air stopping the marsh marigold from being flooded.

 

 

 

 

 

Caltha palustris with single shiny flowers, grows about 12 inches (30 cms) high. It has rounded, rich green leaves.

It is a widespread plant of ponds, marshes, damp meadows, ditches and wet woodland and, before the draining of the landscape for agriculture began, was a conspicuous spring flower.

A valuable plant providing early nectar for bees and butterflies emerging from hibernation.

Cattle and horses are also poisoned by consuming marsh marigold, although dried plants in hay are no longer toxic to them.

PD 0.1 inches (0.25 cms)

calthacflopalustriswikimediacommons

Caltha palustris. By de:Benutzer:BS Thurner Hof via Wikimedia Commons

Caltha palustris plena (Marsh Marigold)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA
 

 

 

 

 

 

Caltha palustris plena smothers a compact 9-inch (23 cms) mound of leaves with very double yellow blooms.

Suitable for ponds, streams and bog-gardens in full sun or partial shade.

This grows best in a rich moist soil, that never dries out, but will adapt to all but dry conditions. This is a unusual selection, selected for the beautiful, fully double button flowers that appear in April and May. Lovely reflecting in a pond.

PD 0.1 inches (0.25 cms)

 

Catha palustris var. alba (White Marsh Marigold)

Supplier in UK
 

 

 

 

 

 

Catha palustris alba is white.

Cut back leaf growth after Caltha palustris var. alba has flowered and allow fresh foliage to regrow - old growth may turn grey. A second flush of white Marsh Marigold flowers may appear later in the season.

Cut back after flowering.

PD 0.1 inches (0.25 cms)

 

Caltha polypetala (Giant Marsh Marigold)

Supplier in UK
 

 

 

 

 

 

Caltha polypetala, up to 36 inches (90 cms) high, with large single yellow flowers, has a loose sprawling habit; it is ideal for large areas of muddy shallows.

It is one of the first plants to flower each spring, and then will often re-grow and flower again in autumn if cut back hard in summer. It is very easy to grow and will even thrive in shade. It can be planted in the pond or bog garden, or really anywhere where the soil will not dry out. It is a great plant for naturalizing in the banks of large ponds or lakes.

PD 0.1 inches (0.25 cms)

 

Cyperus longus (Galingale is in the Sedge rush-like Family)

Supplier in UK
 

 

 

 

 

 

Cyperus longus is a graceful 48 inch (120 cms) foliage plant capable of developing into substantial clumps.

The bracts of reddish-brown flower spikes appear in June and July, held aloft in an attractive umbrella-like formation that is characteristic of the genus.
It prefers moist ground and can be used as an aquatic or a water marginal and is ideal on the edge of a large pond or lake. In smaller settings it should always be remembered that this species can spread quickly and it may be better to confine its roots.

PD 2-6 inches (5-15 cms)

cyperuscflolonguswikimediacommons

Cyperus longus habit, Campo de Calatrava, Spain. By Javier martin via Wikimedia Commons

Eriophorum angustifolium (Common Cotton-grass is in the Sedge rush-like Family, Narrow-leaved Cotton Grass, Tall Cottongrass)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA
Supplier in Australia, who supply to the public, trade (within Australia) and botanic gardens around the world.

The name comes from the Greek erion (wool) and phoros (bearing).

 

 

 

 

 

Eriophorum has 18 inch (45 cms) grassy stems flying pennants of silky white down from June-August. Aptly called Cotton Grass.

Plant Eriophorum angustifolium in wet mud in a stream edge/bog garden or with up to 5cm (2") of water over the top of the basket in a sunny or partially shaded pond.
Cut back foliage in Autumn. Eriophorum angustifolium has a running rootstock and is good for colonizing areas. This helps to encourage wildlife and gives plenty of habitat opportunities.

PD 2-4 inches (5-10 cms)

commoncflocottongrasswikimediacommons

Common Cottongrass. By Pleple2000 via Wikimedia Commons

Glyceria spectabilis 'Variegata'
(Variegated reed sweet-grass)

Supplier in UK
 

 

 

 

 

 

Glyceria spectabilis variegata is a vigorous plant with lax foliage striped green and cream, attractive throughout the growing season. Container planting is essential to curb expansion. Height 36 inches (90 cms).

Purplish-green flowering panicles in late summer.

PD 0-6 inches (0-15 cms)

 

Houttuynia cordata
(Heart-leaved houttuynia)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA
Supplier in Australia, who supply to the public, trade (within Australia) and botanic gardens around the world.
 

 

 

 

 

 

Houttuynia cordata has red stems, blue-green heart-shaped leaves and small flowers with white bracts. Height 18 inches (45 cms)

Tolerant of a range of soils from dry to wet in sun or shade. Can be very invasive, especially in wet soils, spreading by underground stems; ideal for containers where its spread can be restricted.

PD 0-4 inches (0-10 cms)

houttuyniacforcordatawikimediacommons

日本語: ドクダミの花 (Houttuynia cordata ). By Mariko GODA via Wikimedia Commons

Houttuynia cordata 'Plena'
(Orange Peel Plant)

Supplier in UK
 

 

 

 

 

 

Houttuynia cordata plena is the double form. Height 18 inches (45 cms).

A very useful plant for covering the edges of ponds or decorating banks and pond margins. It has beautiful double white flowers in June and July.

PD 0-4 inches (0-10 cms)

 

Iris laevigata (Japanese Iris)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in Australia, who supply to the public, trade (within Australia) and botanic gardens around the world.

 

 

 

 

 

Iris laevigata, the lavender blue water iris, and its varieties form the main flowering feature in June. All grow to 24-30 inches (60-75 cms).

It is a rhizomatous perennial to 70cm in height, with erect, sword-shaped leaves and rich purple flowers 8-10cm in width, each fall with a narrow white flash at the base.

Thumbnails in Colour Chart Page of many Irises grown and sold by Roadford Water Gardens - click on image to transfer to the page selling that Iris.

PD 2-4 inches (5-10 cms)

iriscflolaevigatawikimediacommons

Kakitsubata - Iris Laevigata. By Dennis L. Lindwall via Wikimedia Commons

Iris laevigata 'Alba'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in Australia, who supply to the public, trade (within Australia) and botanic gardens around the world.
 

 

 

 

 

 

All grow to 24-30 inches (60-75 cms). Iris laevigata alba is white;

(Should only be grown in water. Prefers acidic soil. Otherwise, easy to grow, flowering in late May and June.)

PD 2-4 inches (5-10 cms)

 

Iris laevigata 'Colchesterensis'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in Australia, who supply to the public, trade (within Australia) and botanic gardens around the world.
 

 

 

 

 

 

Iris laevigata 'Colchesterensis' is white mottled with rich blue; (All grow to 24-30 inches (60-75 cms))

(We recommend starting your Iris laevigata 'Colchesterensis' off in a pot of 3 litres capacity. In order to get the best growth and greatest number of flowers, we recommend fertilising your Irises once a year with our Fertiliser.)

PD 2-4 inches (5-10 cms)

 

Iris laevigata atropurpurea

Supplier in UK
 

 

 

 

 

 

All grow to 24-30 inches (60-75 cms).
Iris laevigata atropurpurea is deep blue; and

PD 2-4 inches (5-10 cms)

 

Iris laevigata 'Snowdrift'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in Australia, who supply to the public, trade (within Australia) and botanic gardens around the world.
 

 

 

 

 

 

Iris laevigata 'Snowdrift' is a double white. All grow to 24-30 inches (60-75 cms).

These plants are potted up (using a suitable aquatic compost) into 1-litre aquatic pots. These pots are made of a fine mesh, which allows water to circulate through the compost, providing the plants with both oxygen and nutrients. If you are using them as a aquatic plant, they can be placed straight into the pond, however they will preform better if planted out sooner rather than later. To enhance flowering divide congested clumps every three to five years.

PD 2-4 inches (5-10 cms)

 

Iris laevigata 'Variegata'
(Variegated Japanese Iris)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in Australia, who supply to the public, trade (within Australia) and botanic gardens around the world.
 

 

 

 

 

 

The best of the family, and for me the best of all marginals, is Iris laevigata 'Variegata'. In addition to the lavender blue flowers it has fans of sharply defined leaf variegations in green and cream, that look as fresh in October as in March. All grow to 24-30 inches (60-75 cms).

Grow in moist to wet, deep, humus-rich, acid soil; thrives at the margins of ponds or streams. Tolerates some lime.

PD 2-4 inches (5-10 cms)

 

Iris laevigata 'Rose Queen' (Iris ensata 'Rose Queen')

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA
Supplier in Australia, who supply to the public, trade (within Australia) and botanic gardens around the world.
 

 

 

 

 

 

Iris laevigata is unique in this group in having soft pink flowers. This and other pointers suggest that is a hybrid with Iris kaempferi blood; certainly it is happier with its roots barely covered than in the 2-4 inches of water preffered by the other laevigata forms. All grow to 24-30 inches (60-75 cms).

It can go longer between waterings if the rhizomes are shaded, but the leaves want sunlight. It will also thrive in bog conditions. They would naturally grow on riverbanks above the waterline & don't really prefer to have their roots totally submerged, but will tolerate some very boggy conditions. It may stunt & spread slowly in a shallow pond.

PD 0.1 inches (0.25 cms)

 

Iris pseudacorus (Yellow Flag is in the Iris Family)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA
Supplier in Australia, who supply to the public, trade (within Australia) and botanic gardens around the world.
 

 

 

 

 

 

Iris pseudacorus is the vigorous yellow flowered Common Flag. 36 inches (90 cms) or more in height.

Grow in wet, deep, acid, humus-rich soil in full sun or partial shade. It thrives at the margins of large ponds or streams; vigorous so site with care. Remove any dying foliage in autumn, old flower stems can be cut down after flowering

PD 2-6 inches (5-15 cms)

iriscforpseudocoruswikimediacommons

Iris pseudacorus at the river Nidda in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. By Katrin Wicker via Wikimedia Commons

Iris pseudacorus 'Variegata'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in Australia, who supply to the public, trade (within Australia) and botanic gardens around the world.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Iris pseudacorus variegatus is a more compact form with similar flowers and green/yellow striped leaves.

This is the Water Iris which grows in marshy ground or shallow water. It will also grow in rich, retentive soil. In early spring the newly emerging fans of leaves are pale butter-yellow. This remains for several weeks, deepening as the leaves mature, until by June they are green. Yellow flowers have distinct brown markings. 76 cm.

PD 2-6 inches (5-15 cms)

 

Lobelia cardinalis (Cardinal Flower)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA
Supplier in Australia, who supply to the public, trade (within Australia) and botanic gardens around the world.

 

 

 

 

 

Lobelia cardinalis, normally thought of as a border plant that needs winter protection, proves to be quite hardy in Britain in water up to 6 inches (15 cms) deep. It has reddish foliage and flowers of brilliant scarlet from August-October. Height 36-48 inches (90-120 cms).
Cardinal Flower is named for its beautiful scarlet red flowers which are an important nectar source for hummingbirds and swallowtail butterflies. Lobelias produce a secondary compound known as "lobeline," which deters herbivores. The flowering spikes open from the bottom to the top and bloom for several weeks. They grow best in moist, rich soils in full sun to partial shade. Cardinal flower is a showy plant great for the garden or wetland planting.  Its blossoms also make excellent cut flowers.

PD 2-6 inches (5-15 cms)

lobeliacforcardinaliswikimediacommons

Lobelia cardinalis, near Rio Frio Cave, Cayo District, Belize. By Denis Barthel via Wikimedia Commons

Lysichitum americanum (Cabbage Skunk Weed)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in France

Native plant in Oregon, USA

 

 

 

 

 

Lysichitum americanum produces impressive yellow spathes 24 inches - 2 feet (60 cms) high in April followed, in summer, by 4 foot - 48 inches (120 cms) leaves. Both enjoy deep, acid, bodggy soil but can be container-grown in shallow water.

Light rain in summer does not penetrate down to the roots, and dry windy conditions will lead to water shortages for the plants. Try to anticipate water loss rather than waiting for the plant to show signs of stress.

PD 0-1 inch (0-2.5 cms)

lysichitumcforamericanumwikimediacommons

Yellow skunk cabbage, Western skunk cabbage, Lysichitum americanum. Photo taken of a plant found a in marshy area along the Stillaguamish River, east of Granite Falls, Washington. The plant is aptly named, it does smell like a skunk but much milder. By Tanamarn via Wikimedia Commons

Lysichitum camtschatcense (White Skunk Cabbage)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in France

 

 

 

 

 

Lysichitum camtschatcense has white hoods. Both enjoy deep, acid, bodggy soil but can be container-grown in shallow water.

Photos from Japan.

PD 0-1 inch (0-2.5 cms)

 

Menyanthes trifoliata (Bogbean is in the Bogbean Family)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA
 

 

 

 

 

 

Menyanthes trifoliata (Bog Bean) is useful at the front edge of the pond where taller growers would spoil the view of the lilies. Short spikes of pink-tinted white flowers in May-June amon. foliage about 9 inches (22.5 cms) high. Photos from UK. Photos from USA.

A good creeping plant with pretty pink flowers in spring, Apr-June. A valuable native plant providing egg laying sites for adult dragonfly, also perching and roosting sites; the larvae use the stems to climb out of the water. Plant in sun or shade. Can be propagated by division.

PD 0-3 inches (9-7.5 cms)

About First Nature "Since the mid 1990s, First Nature has been publishing books and free online information about the natural world, its wildlife, wildflowers fungi and habitats. Run by Pat O'Reilly and his wife Sue (who writes as Sue Parker), the First Nature website contains nearly 200 web pages and receives more than 3/4 million visits per year."

menyanthescfortrifoliatawikimediacommons

Menyanthes trifoliata (var. trifoliata). By Peyrico via Wikimedia Commons

Mimulus guttatus (Monkey Flower is in the Figwort Family)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA
 

 

 

 

 

 

Mimulus guttatusis the Monkey Flower, yellow with red spots, that most commercial growers still call Mimulus luteus. It flowers cheerfully from June-September and seeds itself with abandon. Height 12 inches (30 cms).

Golden monkey-flower is known for its spikes of snapdragon-like flowers topping leafy, 2-3 ft. stems. The bright-yellow flowers, spotted with purple on the lower lip, appear against soft, light-green, broadly rounded and toothed leaves.

PD 0-2 inches (0-5 cms)

mimuluscforguttatuswikimediacommons

Mimulus guttatus, Phrymaceae, Common Monkey-flower, habitus; Karlsruhe, Germany.. By H. Zell via Wikimedia Commons

Mimulus ringens (Allegheny Monkey Flower)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

 

 

 

 

 

Mimulus ringens is a relative (young niece?) with smaller, lavender blue flowers. Height 1.5 feet = 18 inches (45 cms).

A british native marginal with pretty tubular violet flowers. Suitable for ponds, lakes, bog-gardens and the edge of streams and ditches in full sun and semi-shade. Height 60 cm. Flowering time June-August.

PD 2-4 inches (5-10 cms)

mimuluscforringenswikimediacommons

Photo of Mimulus ringens (Square-stemmed Monkey Flower) showing blossom, foliage, and habit. By Jomegat via Wikimedia Commons

Myosotis palustris (Myosotis scorpioides)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA
 

 

 

 

 

 

Myosotis palustris. The Water Forget-me-not, with its sky blue flowers and sprawling habit is untidy but charming. This and the following plant - Myriophyllum proserpinacoides (Parrot's Feather) - are exceptions to the rule about not mixing different marginals. Either can share a container with an upright-growing species, clothing its lower stems to advantage.

PD 0-2 inches (0-5 cms)

myosotiscflosscorpioideswikimediacommons

Myosotis scorpioides (= M. palustris): Flowers. By Sten Porse via Wikimedia Commons

Myriophyllum proser-pinacoides (Parrot's Feather, Myriophyllum aquaticum)


 

Banned From Sale in England and Wales after April 2014. A non-native invasive plant.

What's the problem? - Brazilian water-milfoil, Myriophyllum brasiliense or Myriophyllum proserpinacoides can root from small stem fragments and readily escapes into the wild, where its vigorous growth allows it to become dominant in ponds, lakes, reservoirs, ditches and canals. It grows to such an extent that it can choke water bodies and out-compete native vegetation, blocking light and altering patterns of flow. It is mainly found in southern England but is spreading in the wild, possibly assisted by our warmer winters.

Plantlife's position - Plantlife campaigned long and hard to have this species banned from sale. As of April 2014 it will be in England and Wales. This species is also listed on Schedule 9 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act in England and Wales therefore, it is also an offence to plant or otherwise cause to grow these species in the wild.

Myriophyllum proserpinacoides (Parrot's Feather) is even more rambling than Myosotis, throwing up arching sprays of cool emerald green foliage a surprising distance from its roots. Grown together, the 2 make a thoroughly attractive tangle that can always be tidied by cutting it back.

PD 0-6 inches (0-15 cms)

 

Peltandra virginica
(Arrow Arum)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

 

 

 

 

 

Peltandra virginica makes a bold clump of rich green, deeply veined, broad-arrow foliage with slender green spathes. Height 24 inches (60 cms)

Habitats include swamps, shallow water along ponds, bottoms of slow-moving shallow rivers, and ditches. Arrow Arum is typically found in shaded or partially shaded areas of wetlands, rather than in open sunny areas.

PD 0-3 inches (0-7.5 cms)

peltandracfolvirginicawikimediacommons

Peltandra virginica

Robert H. Mohlenbrock @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA SCS. 1991. Southern wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species. South National Technical Center, Fort Worth, TX. By ‪Eugene van der Pijll via Wikimedia Commons

Pontederia cordata (Pickerel Weed)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA
Supplier in Australia, who supply to the public, trade (within Australia) and botanic gardens around the world.
 

 

 

 

 

 

Pontederia cordata combines enough good points - lush shiny leaves, spikes of blue flowers, late flowering from July-September, and restrained growth - to make it highly desirable even though it is never really showy. Height 30 inches (75 cms).

A valuable addition to shallow water, it will provide colour and interest long after many of the other aquatics have finished flowering.

PD 2-4 inches (5-10 cms)

pontederiacforcordatawikimediacommons

Deutsch: Pontederia cordata am Ufer eines Zierteiches in Deutschland. By bdk via Wikimedia Commons

Ranunculus lingua grandiflora (Giant Water Buttercup / Greater Spearwort)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in Australia, who supply to the public, trade (within Australia) and botanic gardens around the world.
 

 

 

 

 

 

Ranunculus lingua grandiflora is a 36 inch (90 cms) tall aquatic Buttercup called Spearwort. Like Glyceria, it is takeover specialist whose delight in aggressive expansion requires the curb of container planting. Ranunculus flammula is a smaller (9 inch - 22.5 cms) relation, of no great decorative value.

Tall, emergent plants provide habitat for pond insects, especially emerging dragonflies.

PD 2-6 inches (5-15 cms)

 

Sagittaria sagittifolia

Supplier in UK
Supplier Green Harvest in Australia
 

 

 

 

 

 

Sagittaria sagittifolia is called Arrowhead, because of the shape of its broad 3-pointed leaves.

The deeper the Sagittaria sagittifolia baskets are planted within the depth range given the larger the arrow shaped leaves will grow. Bulb like tubers will appear during the season which will grow a new Sagittaria sagittifolia plant for next year. These will invariably grow outside of the parent basket and will need resiting. A good plant for pollinating bees, hoverflies and butterflies when in flower in Summer.

PD 4-6 inches (10-15 cms)

Green Harvest in Australia:-
Once a year in July we publish the Australian Organic Gardening Resource Guide. It contains 48 pages of organic gardening products and hints, to help you grow nutritious, chemical-free vegetables and fruit. It is sent out free of charge to anyone that requests it, within Australia. The Guide includes gardening books, high quality tools and unusual seeds but it also contains hard-to-find pest control products to manage pests organically.

sagittariacflosagittifoliawikimediacommons

Sagittaria sagittifolia

photo: Utrecht, Netherland (August 8, 2005). By ‪Taka via Wikimedia Commons

Sagittaria japonica (Swamp Potato)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA
 

 

 

 

 

 

Sagittaria japonica has a golden boss to its 3-petalled single white flowers, and

(Arrow shaped leaves. Suitable for ponds streams and lakes in full sun and partial shade. Height 50 cm. Flowering time july-august.)

PD 4-6 inches (10-15 cms)

 

Sagittaria japonica 'Flore Plena'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in France
 

 

 

 

 

 

Sagittaria japonica 'Flore Plena' has very double flowers.

This is a double-flowered variety of the common native British Arrowhead, with bright-green arrow-shaped leaves and fluffy white pom-pom flowers held above the foliage.
We recommend starting your Sagittaria sagittifolia 'Flore Pleno' off in a pot of 2 litres capacity.

PD 4-6 inches (10-15 cms)

 

Saururus cernuus
(Lizard's Tail)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA
Supplier in Australia, who supply to the public, trade (within Australia) and botanic gardens around the world.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Saururus cernuus is called Lizard's Tail from the curving, tapered spike of creamy-white flowers; they are delicately scented. Height 24 inches (60 cms)

It is a perennial herbaceous plant, found in forested and open wetlands in saturated soils and in periodically inundated conditions.

PD 0-2 inches (0-5 cms)

saururuscforcernuuswikimediacommons

Photo of Saururus cernuus in flower. This is a native plant growing wild in Great Falls Park, in Fairfax county Virginia, USA. This species is a member of the Saururaceae family. By Fritzflohrreynolds via Wikimedia Commons

Scirpus albescens (Schoen-oplectus lacustris subsp. tabernaemontani 'Albescens')

Supplier in UK
 

 

 

 

 

 

Scirpus albescens has crowded 48-72 inch rushy stems vertically lined with green and cream.

Its foliage tends to remain dense right to the water, not requiring facer plants in front. It grows at a fast rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 10 years.

PD 4-6 inches (10-15 cms)

 

Scirpus zebrinus (Zebra Rush, Scirpus Taber-naemontani Zebrinus)

Supplier in UK
 

 

 

 

 

 

Scirpus zebrinus (Porcupine Quill or Zebra Rush) is a striking foliage plant growing about 48 inches (120 cms) high. The 'quills' are alternately banded with green and white. If it reverts to plain green stems, the variegation can be restored by splitting and replanting.

Suitable for ponds, streams and lakes in full sun.

 

Typha

 

 

 

 

 

Typha. These are the plants that produce the big velvety brown 'pokers' beloved of flower arrangers. They are often called Bulrushes, which is incorrect: the name properly belongs to a Scirpus. The correct name (and a very good descriptive name too) is Reed Mace; in the United States they are known as Cat-tails. Root restriction by container planting is essential for all Typhas.

 


 

Marginal Plants (from Ponds and Water Gardens by Bill Heritage - Revised Second Edition - Reprinted 1988 - ISBN 0 7137 1861 7):-

Pond plants that stand ankle-deep in shallow water and lift their stems and flowers above it are collectively refrred to as marginals. They are not essential; since they make no contribution to pool balance. They earn their place by virtue of flower power or ornamental foliage. Some of them spread rapidly and confiemnent to planting containers or corner pockets, with 1 variety only in each container, is recommended. Planting in a trough where different varieties can intermingle allows the coarsest grower to swamp the rest; you end up with a solid mass of the least attractive variety.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 1
PAGES

Site Map

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY PAGES Links to pages in Table alongside on the left with Garden Design Topic Pages

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

Plant Type
 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 with its Cultivation Requirements

Alpines for Rock Garden (See Rock Garden Plant Flowers)

Alpine Shrubs and Conifers

The Alpine Meadow
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

The Alpine Border
1
, 2

Alpine Plants for a Purpose

The Alpines that Dislike Lime 1, 2

Alpines and Walls
Dry Sunny Walls 1a, b
Tops of Walls 2a, b
Dry Shady and Conifers 3a, b

Alpines and
Paving
1
, 2

Sink and Trough gardens
1
, 2

Aquatic
(Water Plants) for

Anti-erosion River-bank

Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants)
1
, 2

Oxy-genating Weeds

Water Lilies

Floating Plants

Water-side Plants
and Plants for Dry Margins next to a Pond
1
, 2

Wildlife Pond Plants

Annual for

----------------



 

 

ANY PLANT TYPE for
Cut Flowers in
January 1, 2
February
March 1, 2
April
May 1, 2
June 1, 2
July 1, 2
August
September
October
November
December

Exposed Sites

Sheltered Sites with Green-house Annuals from 1916

Extra Poor Soil with Half-Hardy Annuals from 1916

Very Rich Soil with Biennials from 1916

Gap-filling in Mixed Borders with Hardy Annuals from 1916

Patio Con-tainers

Cut Flowers
1
, 2, 3 Ever-lasting Flowers with Red Flowers from 1916

Attract-ing bene-ficial insects
1
, 2

Scent / Fra-grance with Annuals for Cool or Shady Places from 1916

Low-allergen Gardens for Hay Fever Sufferers

Annual Plant Pairing Ideas and Colour Schemes with Annuals
1
, 2

Low-Growing Annuals
1
, 2

Medium-Growing Annuals

Tall-Growing Annuals with White Flowers from 1916

Black or Brown Flowers

Blue to Purple Flowers

Green Flowers with Annuals and Biennials from 1916

Red to Pink Flowers and Cut Flowers
Page
1
, 2, 3

White Flowers
1
, 2

Yellow or Orange Flowers
1
, 2

Dec-orative Foliage

Moist Soil

Shade
1
, 2

House-plants with Yellow Flowers from 1916

Edging Beds

Hanging Baskets

Vining Annuals

 

Bedding for

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Autumn/ Winter Bedding

Bedding for Light Sandy Soil

Bedding for Acid Soil

Bedding for Chalky Soil

Bedding for Clay Soil

Black Flowers

Blue Flowers

Orange Flowers

Pink Flowers

Long Flowering

Coloured Leaves

Attract-ive to Wildlife including Bees, Butterflies and Moths

Purple Flowers

Red Flowers

White Flowers

Yellow Flowers

Multi-Coloured Flowers

Aromatic Foliage or Scented Flowers

Bedding Plant Use

Flowers with 2 Petals

Flowers with 3 Petals

Flowers with
4 Petals

Flowers with 5 Petals

Flowers with 6 Petals

Flowers with more than 6 Petals

Use in Hanging Baskets

Flower Simple Shape

Shape of
Stars

Shape of
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Shape of
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Shape of
Trumpets and Funnels

Shape of
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

Use in Pots and Troughs

Flower Elabo-rated Shape

Shape of
Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Shape of
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Shape of
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

 

Use in
Screen-ing

Use in
Window Boxes

Shape of
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

Shape of
Discs and Florets

Shape of
Pin-Cushions and Tufts

Shape of
Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

 

Use in Bedding Out

Use in
Filling In

Biennial for

Cottage and Other Gardens
1
, 2

Cut Flower with Biennials for Rock Work from 1916

Patio Con-tainers with Biennials for Pots in Green-house / Con-servatory

Bene-ficial to Wildlife with Purple and Blue Flowers from 1916

Scent with Biennials for Sunny Banks or Borders from 1916

 

 

Bulb for
--------------
Explan-ation Intro to Bulbs
--------------
725 Blue, White, Yellow, Unusual Colour, or Red-Purple-Pink flowering Bulbs in each month they flower.

Indoor Bulbs for
Dec-ember
January
February

Indoor Bulbs for
March
April
May

Indoor
Bulbs for
June
July
August

Indoor Bulbs for Sep-tember
October
November

Bulbs in Window-boxes
1
, 2

Bulbs in the Border

Bulbs natural-ised in Grass

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Dec-Jan
Feb-Mar

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Apr-May
Jun-Aug 1, 2, 3, 4

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Sep-Oct
Nov-Dec

Any Plant Type Blooming in Smallest of Gardens

Bulbs for the Bulb Frame

Bulbs in the Wood-land Garden

Bulbs in the Rock Garden

Bulbs in Green-house or Stove

Achi-menes, Alocasias, Amorpho-phalluses, Aris-aemas, Arums, Begonias, Bomar-eas, Calad-iums

Clivias,
Colo-casias, Crinums, Cyclam-ens, Cyrt-anthuses, Euchar-ises, Urceo-charis, Eurycles

Freesias, Gloxinias, Hae-manthus, Hipp-eastrums

Lachen-alias, Nerines, Lycorises, Pen-cratiums, Hymen-ocallises, Richardias, Sprekelias, Tuberoses, Vallotas, Watsonias, Zephy-ranthes

Bulbs in Bowls

Bulbs in the Alpine House

Hardy Bulbs

Aconitum, Allium, Alstroe-meria, Anemone 1, 1a

Amaryllis, Antheri-cum, Antholy-zas, Apios, Arisaema, Arum, Aspho-deline,

Aspho-delus, Belam-canda, Bloom-eria, Brodiae, Bulbo-codium

Calo-chorti, Cyclo-bothras, Camassia, Col-chicum, Con-vallaria,
Forcing Lily of the Valley, Corydalis, Crinum, Crosmia, Mon-tbretia , Crocus

Cyclamen, Dicentra, Dierama, Eranthis, Eremurus, Ery-thrnium, Eucomis

Fritillaria, Funkia, Gal-anthus, Galtonia, Gladiolus, Hemero-callis

Hya-cinth, Hya-cinths in Pots,
Scilla, Pusch-kinia, Chion-odoxa, Chiono-scilla, Muscari

Iris,
Kniphofia, Lapey-rousia, Leucojum

Lilium,

Lilium in Pots, Malvastrum, Merendera, Milla, Narcissus, Narcissi in Pots

Orni-thogalum, Oxalis, Paeonia, Ran-unculus, Romulea, Sanguin-aria,
Stern-bergia,
Schi-zostylis, Teco-philaea, Trillium

Tulip,
Zephy-ranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs

Acidan-thera, Albuca, Alstroe-meri, Andro-stephium, Bassers, Boussing-aultias, Bravoas, Cypellas, Dahlias, Galaxis,
Geis-sorhizas, Hesper-anthas

Gladioli, Ixias,
Sparaxises, Babianas, Morphixias, Tritonias

Ixio-lirions, Moraeas, Orni-thogal-ums, Oxalises, Phaedra-nassas,
Pan-cratiums, Tigridias, Zephyr-anthes, Cooper-ias

Bulbs for Bedding

Plant each Bedding Plant with a Ground, Edging or Dot Plant for
Spring
1
, 2
or
Summer
1
, 2

Climber 3 sector Vertical Plant System with

Any Plant Type flowers in
Jan,
Feb,
Mar,
Apr,
May 1, 2
Jun,
Jul,
Aug,
Sep,
Oct,
Nov,
Dec
 

----------
Choosing the right Plant

1a.
The Base -
Base of Wall Plants

1b.
Annuals

1c.
Herbs and Vege-tables

1d.
Cut
flowers, Cut Foliage

1e.
Scented flower or foliage

1f.
Foliage use only

 

2a. 1,2,3,4
The Prime - Wall Shrubs

2b.
Fruit trees

3a.
The Higher Reaches -
House-wall Ramblers

3b. 1,2
Non-House-Wall - Climbing Twiners

3c.
Non-House-Wall - Self-clinging Climbers

Raised
Bed
for Wheel-chair Users

Plants for Wildlife-Use as well

Fastest Covering

Least prot-ruding growth when fan-trained

1, 2
Evergreen

Use as
Hedge

Exposed Positions

Use as Ground-cover

1,2
Ornam-ental Fruit

Scented Flowers

1, 2
Autumn Foliage Colour

Winter Bark

Winter and Early Spring Flowers

Summer Colour or Shape of Foliage

Edible Fruit

Needs Conserv-atory or Green-house

Large
Pots and Con-tainers
1
, 2

Cut Flowers

Attractive to Bees

Climber - Simple Flower Shape

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a
Stars

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1a1a1a1a1a1a
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord2
Trumpets and Funnels

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming
Salver-form

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14q1a1a1a1a1a
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

 

Climber - Elabo-rated Flower Shape

prunellaflotgrandiflora
Tubes, Lips and Straps

aquilegiacfloformosafoord
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14u1a1a1a1a1a1
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14v1a1a1a1a1a1
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock
Disks and Florets

andosacecforyargongensiskevock
Pin-cushions, Tufts, Petal-less and Cushions

armeriaflomaritimakevock
Umbels, Buttons and Pompoms

 

STAGE 4A 12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Brown

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Cream

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
White

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1 Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Multi-Colou-red

1
Each Flower Diff-

1
erent Colour

 

STAGE 4B 12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
Deciduous Shrubs or Trees, Herbaceous Perennials or Bulbs- if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.
Evergreen Shrubs or Trees, Evergreen Perennials - if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.

Jan Win

Feb Win

Mar Spr

Apr Spr

May Spr

Jun Sum

Jul Sum

Aug Sum

Sep Aut

Oct Aut

Nov Aut

Dec Win

Decid
Herba

Ever-green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Black

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Bronze

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Grey

1
White

1
Silver

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Varie-gated

1

1

1

1

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


Site design and content copyright ©April 2016.
Top menus revised June 2018. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

Ivydene
Horticultural
Services

Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders - was first published in 1977 and this paperback edition was published on 1 August 1994 ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-
This comprehensive book looks at scented flowers and leaves of plants from all over the world. The work has been prepared to the standards of the Index Kewensis, and is filled with the most interesting facts about the scented flora of the world.

I am using the above book from someone who took 30 years to compile it from notes made of his detailed observations of growing plants in preference to
The RHS Companion to Scented Plants Hardcover – 16 Oct 2014 by Stephen Lacey (Author), Andrew Lawson (Photographer) ISBN 978-0-7112-3574-8 even though this is the only major reference work on scent and scented plants which is endorsed by the Royal Horticultural Society. See reasons for stopping infilling of previous Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page.

The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950 by Faber and Faber Limited describes every method of propagation for 2,500 species. Unlike modern books published since 1980, this one states exactly what to do and is precisely what you require if you want to increase your alpines.

Topic
Case Studies
Companion Planting

...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design

...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants

...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
Bulb
Climber

 

Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12

All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index

All Foliage 212
All Spring Foliage 212

All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212
Rock Plant Flowers 53

 

Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
...Infill Plants *
...Infill2 Plants
...Infill3 Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...All2 Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

 

Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods

Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable

Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

 

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY

 

Cultivation Requirements of Plant

Outdoor / Garden Cultivation

1

Indoor / House Cultivation

1

Cool Greenhouse (and Alpine House) Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter

1

Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year

1

Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

1

 

Sun Aspect

Full Sun

1

Part Shade

1

Full Shade

1

 

Soil Type

Any Soil

1

Chalky Soil

1

Clay Soil

1

Lime-Free Soil

1

Peaty Soil

1

Sandy Soil

1

Acid Soil

1

Alkaline Soil

1

Badly-drained Soil

1

 

Soil Moisture

Dry

1

Moist

1

Wet

1

 

Position for Plant

Back of Shady Border

1

Back of Shrub Border

1

Bedding

1

Bog Garden

1

Coastal Conditions / Seaside

1

Container in Garden

1

Front of Border

1

Ground Cover 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

1

Ground Cover 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

1

Ground Cover Over 72 inches (180 cms)

1

Hanging Basket

1

Hedge

1

Hedge - Thorny

1

Pollution Barrier

1

Pond

1

Pot in House, Greenhouse, Conservatory or Stovehouse

1

Raised Bed

1

Rest of Border

1

Rock Garden

1

Scree Bed

1

Speciman on Lawn

1

Sunny Border

1

Tree for Lawn

1

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden

1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9, 10,
11,12,
13,14,
15,16,
uses of tree/ shrub

Wildflower

1

Windbreak

1

Woodland

1

 

Use of Plant

Pollen or nectar for Bees

1

Hosts to Butterflies

1

Encouraging birds / wildlife, providing food and shelter

1

Bee-Pollinated plants for Hay Fever Sufferers

1

Berries / Fruit

1

Dry Site in Full Sun

1

Dry Shade

1

Filtering noise

1

Flower Arrange-ments

Growing Plants for the Church

1



1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9,10,
11,12,
13,14

Fragrant Flower

1

Language of Flowers

1

Low maintenance

1

Moist Shade

1

Moist and swampy Sites

1

Nitrogen fixing plants

1

Not Fragrant Flower

1

Rabbit-Resistant

1

Speciman Plant

1

Thornless

1

Tolerant of Poor Soil

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Plant Foliage

Aromatic Foliage

1

Autumn Foliage

1

Finely Cut Leaves

1

Large Leaves

1

Yellow Variegated Foliage

1

White Variegated Foliage

1

Red / Purple Variegated Foliage

1

Silver, Grey and Glaucous Foliage

1

Sword-shaped Leaves

1

 

 

Flower Shape

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less
lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

1 Petal

1

2 Petals

1

3 Petals
irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

4 Petals
aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

5 Petals
anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Above 5
anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars
anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bowls
 

1

Cups and Saucers
euphorbiacflo1wallichiigarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Globes
paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Goblets and Chalices
paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Trumpets
acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Funnels
stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bells
digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Thimbles
fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Urns
ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Salverform

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

Flower Shape - Elaborated

Tubes, Lips and Straps
prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets
aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Hats, Hoods and Helmets
acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Standards, Wings and Keels
lathyrusflotvernus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Discs and Florets
brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pin-Cushions
echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Tufts
centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Cushion
androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Umbel
agapanthuscflos1campanulatusalbidusgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Buttons
argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pompoms
armeriacflomaritimakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Natural Arrangements

Bunches, Posies, Sprays
bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Columns, Spikes and Spires
ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Whorls, Tiers and Candelabra
lamiumflotorvala2a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Plumes and Tails
astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Chains and Tassels
 

1

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades
 

1

Spheres, Domes (Clusters), Plates and Drumsticks
androsacecfor1albanakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Shrub, Tree Shape

Columnar
ccolumnarshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Oval
covalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Rounded or Spherical
croundedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Flattened Spherical
cflattenedsphericalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Conical / Narrow Pyramidal
cnarrowconicalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Conical / Broad Pyramidal
cbroadpyramidalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Ovoid /
Egg-Shaped

ceggshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Ovoid
cbroadovoidshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Vase-shaped / Inverted Ovoid
cnarrowvaseshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Fan-Shaped /Vase-Shaped
cfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Fan-Shaped / Broad Vase-Shaped
cbroadfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Weeping
cnarrowweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Weeping
cbroadweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Palm

1

 

Conifer Cone

1

 

Form

Arching

1

Climbing

1

Clump-Forming

1

Mat-Forming

1

Mound-Forming

1

Prostrate

1

Spreading

1

Stemless

1

Upright

1

 

Poisonous Plant

1

 

STAGE 1
GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark
1
, 2, 3

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2

Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

Scented Aquatic Plants
1


Plants with Scented Fruits
1


Plants with Scented Roots
1
, 2

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood
1


Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums
1


Scented Cacti and Succulents
1


Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell
1
, 2
 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 3

Fan-trained Shape
fantrainedshape2a1a1a

From Rhododendrons, boxwood, azaleas, clematis, novelties, bay trees, hardy plants, evergreens : novelties bulbs, cannas novelties, palms, araucarias, ferns, vines, orchids, flowering shrubs, ornamental grasses and trees book, via Wikimedia Commons

 

Ramblers Scramblers & Twiners by Michael Jefferson-Brown (ISBN 0 - 7153 - 0942 - 0) describes how to choose, plant and nurture over 500 high-performance climbing plants and wall shrubs, so that more can be made of your garden if you think not just laterally on the ground but use the vertical support structures including the house as well.

The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A Guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. (ISBN 0-670-82929-3) provides the lists for 'Choosing the right Shrub or Climber' together with Average Height and Spread after 5 years, 10 years and 20 years.

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3


Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club.
Published in 1962. It provides most of the data about the Alpines.

Plant Solutions 1000+ suggestions for every garden situation by Nigel Colborn ISBN
13:978
0 00 719312 7, provides many of the plants for the pages in these Galleries.

Essential Annuals The 100 Best for Design and Cultivation. Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell. ISBN 0-517-66177-2, provides data about annuals.

Indoor Bulb
Growing by
Edward Pearson
. Published by Purnell & Sons, Ltd in 1953. It provides the data about Indoor Bulbs and Bulbs in
Window-boxes.

Colour All The
Year In My Garden
: A selection of choice varieties - annuals, biennials, perennials, bulbs, climbers and trees and shrubs - that will give a continuity of colour
in the garden throughout the year. Edited by C.H. Middleton. Gardening Book
from Ward, Lock & Co published in 1938, provides plant data for a calendar of plants in bloom throughout the year and for those in the smallest garden.
The Book of Bulbs by S. Arnott, F.R.H.S. Printed by
Turnbull & Spears, Edinburgh in 1901. This provides data about Hardy Bulbs, Half-Hardy Bulbs, Greenhouse and Stove Bulbs.

Collins Guide to
Bulbs by Patrick
M. Synge
. ISBN
0 00 214016-0
First Edition 1961, Second Edition 1971, Reprinted 1973. This provides data on bulbs for bedding, bulbs in the border, bulbs naturalised in grass, bulbs in the woodland garden, bulbs in the rock garden, bulbs in pans in the alpine house, bulbs in the greenhouse, bulbs in bowls and the bulb frame.

Annuals & Biennials, the best annual and biennial plants and their uses in the garden by Gertrude Jekyll published in 1916 and
republished by Forgotten Books in 2012
(Forgotten Books
is a London-based book publisher specializing in the restoration of old books, both fiction and non-fiction. Today we have
372,702 books available to read online, download as ebooks, or
purchase in print.).

Cut Flowers All The Year from The New Illustrated
Gardening Encyclopedia
by Richard Sudell, printed before May 1935 for the plant names in each month, followed by details for culture and propagation.

Mr. Middleton's Garden Book by
Daily Express Publication,
reprinted 1941
for the individual
cultivar names with evergreen/
deciduous, flower colour, flower month and height.

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Tree and Shrubs in Garden Design -

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Clay Soils (neutral to slightly acid)

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Dry Acid Soils

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Shallow Soil over Chalk

Trees and Shrubs tolerant of both extreme Acidity and Alkalinity

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Damp Sites

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Industrial Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Cold Exposed Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Seaside Areas

Shrubs suitable for Heavy Shade

Shrubs and Climbers suitable for NORTH- and EAST-facing Walls

Shrubs suitable for Ground Cover

Trees of Pendulous Habit

Trees and Shrubs of Upright or Fastigiate Habit

Trees and Shrubs with Ornamental Bark or Twigs

Trees and Shrubs with Bold Foliage

Trees and Shrubs for Autumn Colour

Trees and Shrubs with Red or Purple Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Golden or Yellow Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Grey or Silver Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Variegated Foliage

Trees and Shrubs bearing Ornamental Fruit

Trees and Shrubs with Fragrant or Scented Flowers

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Foliage

Flowering Trees and Shrubs for Every Month:-
Jan
, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec

The following table shows the linkages for the information about the plants
described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening in The Gardeners' Golden Treasury, revised by A. G. L Hellyer F.L.S, Editor of 'Amateur Gardening', (thirty-first impression of original published in 1895) was published in 1960 by W. H. & L. Collingridge Limited,
between:-

  • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery (in this Table) and Stage 1 Fragrant Plants (in Table on left), then
  • Stage 2 - 3 Infill Plants Index Galleries (in Table on right), then
  • Stage 3a - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2 (in this Table)
  • Stage 3b - All2 Plants Index Gallery for Alpines without a Garden for your health and productivity (in this Table)
  • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right)
  • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right) with
    column for Deciduous / Herbaceous plants with the same foliage colour during their growing season and
    column for Evergreen plants with the same foliage colour during the entire year
  • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery (in Table on left)
  • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery (in Table on left)

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
It would be useful if when you decide to change your garden that you use a uniform garden style throughout your garden and the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY aims to provide pointers.
The new pages (April 2016) in the gallery will have a suitable list of plants on each page (as that plant gets further detailed in the ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY), then each row containing that plant name in the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY will also be updated. I aim to input details of plants starting with A in alphabetical order to Z.

Private Garden Design:-
What is your Budget and What are the purposes for your garden?
Designing for a purpose: Areas which require answers before answering your Designing for a Purpose Questionaire.
Then, do the Site Survey with Photographs, before putting the Current Garden Design on paper or in your computer.
Using the Broad Design elements of Scale, which Garden Style to use:-
Low Maintenance Garden Style, Cottage Garden Style, Wildlife Garden Style or Japanese Garden Style and the
Hard and Soft Landscaping elements, create the Broad Proposed Design. Then, the Detailed Design of each Hard Landscaping item followed by the Soft Landscaping elements: The Soil, changing the Microclimate; and the
Plant Selection is influenced by the Colour Wheel, with Plant Quantities determined by time to establish versus width between plants and Companion Planting will provide helpful neighbouring plants
or
Click on text in cells below to jump to that page describing that data
.

 


Container

Gardening at my work-place

 

<----

 

Yes
|
v


Do you want to garden and grow plants?

 

No

Cannot be bothered.
If you wish to improve your productivity and health, then, plant an Alpine Pan in your work area or at home using the information within Alpines without a Garden by Lawrence D. Hills, using these pages:-


Potted
House-plant


<----
|
|
v


No
Garden

At Home with Gard-ening Area


Yes


---->

Balcony Garden or Roof Garden


Yes
---->

Grow flowers for flower arranging and vegetables on Balcony Garden or Roof Garden

Pan Plant Back-grou-nd Colour

STAGE 3b
ALL2 PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

|
v


Conservatory Gardening

|
<--
|

 

|
No
-->

Outside Garden
|
v

Pan, Trough and Window-Box Odds and Sods
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14,
15

The beginner's dozen for the small pan

Plants for the pan gar-den


Stovehouse for Tropical Plants

|
<--

An extra dozen for the larger pan

Kinds of Pan Plants that may be split up and tucked in Corners and Crevices

|
|
v

Miniature trees and shrubs for pan

The leafy soil pan

The gritty soil pan

The Limy Soil Plan

Blue Flower Colour Pan Plants

Lilac, Violet and Purple Flower Colour Pan Plants

Reds, Carm-ines Flower Colour Pan Plants

Pinks Flower Colour Pan Plants

White Flower Colour Pan Plants and Bicol-ored

Yellow Flower Colour Pan Plants

Blue Flower Colour Trough Plants

Violet, Lilac and Purple Flower Colour Trough Plants

|
|
v

Reds and Carm-ines Flower Colour Trough Plants

Pinks - all shades Flower Colour Trough Plants

Yellow Flower Colour Trough Plants

White and Cream Flower Colour Trough Plants

Bi-colour-ed Flower Colour Trough Plants

Feb Flower Season Pan

Mar Flower Season Pan

Apr Flower Season Pan

May Flower Season Pan

Jun Flower Season Pan

Jul Flower Season Pan

Aug Flower Season Pan

Sep Flower Season Pan

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Pan

Nov Flower Season Pan

Pans for Semi-shade

Pans for In-doors

Mini-ature Pot

Feb Flower Season Trough

Mar Flower Season Trough

Apr Flower Season Trough

May Flower Season Trough

Jun Flower Season Trough

Jul Flower Season Trough

Aug Flower Season Trough

Sep Flower Season Trough

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Trough

Nov Flower Season Trough

Dec Flower Season Trough

Bulb Pan

Bulb Cover-ing Carp-eters

Trough and Window-box plants 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trough and Window-Box Background Colour

Pan Plant
Alpines without a Garden

ABC 1
Pan Plants

DEF 1
Pan Plants

GHI
Pan Plants

JKL 1
Pan Plants

|
|
v

MNO 1
Pan Plants

PQR 1
Pan Plants

STU 1
Pan Plants

V 1
Pan Plants

WXYZ 1
Pan Plants

You need to know the following:-
1. How much time per week are you prepared to look after your garden or prepared to pay someone else to do it for you?
2. How much are you are prepared to spend on creating your garden and then on its maintenance for its feeding and replacement of its plants and hard landscaping?
3. In order for you to go into your garden, there must be mystery in it, so that from any position in the house you cannot see all the garden, otherwise you will not be tempted to go out into it.
4. You must decide what garden style you are going to use THROUGHOUT the garden and make sure of using 3. the mystery in it as well.
5. What plants do you want to keep in your existing garden and incorporate into your new garden?
6. What Human Problems do you have and what Site Problems are there?

A) Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers List leads onto the
B) Bee Pollinated Bloom in Month galleries and
C) extra Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers.


<----

Human Prob-lems
v


---->

Blind,
Deaf,
in a Wheelchair, or
you cannot bend easily

 

 

 

Garden Style, which takes into account the Human Problems above

 

 

Classic Mixed Style


<----

Cottage Garden Style


<----

.
v


---->

Naturalistic Style

Formal English Garden

 

Mediterranean Style


<----

Meadow and Corn-field


<----

.
.
v


---->

Paving and Gravel inland,
Coastal Conditions near the sea, Seashore with shingle/sand

 

 

 

 

Problem Sites within your chosen Garden Style from the above

 

 

Exposure to Wind


<----

Excess Shade


<----

Exce-ssively Dry Shade


<----


<----

.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Exce-ssively Hot, Sunny and Dry Site is suitable for Drought Resistant Plants

Excessively Wet Soil - especially when caused by poor drainage

Control of Pests (Aphids, Rabbits, Deer, Mice, Mole, Snails) / Disease by Companion Planting in Garden

Whether your Heavy Clay or Light Sandy / Chalk Soil is excessively Alkaline (limy) / Acidic or not, then there is an Action Plan for you to do with your soil, which will improve its texture to make its structure into a productive soil instead of it returning to being just sand, chalk, silt or clay.


<----

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Problems caused by builders:- 1. Lack of soil on top of builders rubble in garden of just built house.
2. Clay soil of Garden slopes towards house with no drainage of this rainwater by the house wall.

In planning your beds for your garden, before the vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman planting is inserted into your soft landscaping plan, the following is useful to consider:-
1. The ground plan usually depends upon 1 or more unalterable existing features. The position of the doors of the house will dictate the positions of paths, the shortest route to the kitchen may indicate the best place for a paved area for eating and drinking out of doors, or the kept trees/shrubs may indicate what garden style is used.
2. Rules of Proportion -
A. A border should be roughly 1/2 as wide as the hedge or wall behind it.
B. The proportion of planted areas to paved or turfed areas should be 1/3 to 2/3, or a 1/4 to 3/4, not 1/2 and 1/2.
C. Within a bed or border, unless a 2-dimensional pattern on the ground is the objective, the height and bulk of the plants should be varied to avoid monotony; it is particularly important to provide strong planting, in terms of either height or bulk or both, at either end of a long bed.
D. The ground surface provides a background to the plants that is as important as the hedges, walls or fences that surround it. Grass is perhaps the most satisfying carpet to use, the cool green forming a restful antidote to the dancing colours of the flowers. Use different coloured pea-shingle inside Cedar Gravel for people in wheelchairs, or infirm in their legs or who suffer from Hay Fever.

Reasons for stopping infilling of Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page. From September 2017 will be creating the following new pages on Sense of Fragrance using Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders.
ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-

 

 

 

|
v

 

 

 

 

 

After you have selected your vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman plants for each bed or border, you will need to infill with plants taking the following into account:-

 

 

 

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark 1, 2, 3
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Sandy Soil 1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves 1, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit 1, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants 1, 2
Scented Aquatic Plants.
Plants with Scented Fruits.
Plants with Scented Roots 1, 2
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.
Scented Cacti and Succulents.
Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell 1, 2

Flower Perfume Group:-
Miscellaneous Group with scents - Balm, Brandy, Cedar, Cloying, Cowslip, Cucumber, Damask Rose, Daphne, Exotic, Freesia, Fur-like, Gardenia, Hay-like, Heliotrope, Honeysuckle, Hops, Hyacinth, Incense-like, Jasmine, Laburnham, Lilac, Lily of the Valley, Meadowsweet, Mignonette, Mint, Mossy, Muscat, Muscatel, Myrtle-like, Newly Mown Hay, Nutmeg, Piercing, Primrose, Pungent, Resinous, Sandalwood, Sassafras, Seductive, Slight, Soft, Stephanotis, Sulphur, Starch, Sweet, Sweet-briar, Tea-rose, Treacle and Very Sweet.

Flower Perfume Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group with scent - Hawthorn.
Heavy Group with scents -
Jonquil and
Lily.
Aromatic Group with scents - Almond,
Aniseed, Balsamic,
Carnation, Cinnamon, Clove,
Spicy and
Vanilla.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group with scent -
Verbena.
Fruit-scented Group with scents -
Apricot,
Fruity,
Green Apple,
Orange, Pineapple,
Ripe Apple , Ripe Banana and
Ripe Plum.
 

Flower Perfume Group:-
Animal-scented Group with scents -
Cat,
Dog,
Ferret,
Fox,
Goat,
Human Perspiration,
Musk,
Ripe Apple and
Tom Cat.
Honey Group.
Unpleasant Smell Group with scents -
Animal,
Fetid,
Fishy,
Foxy,
Fur-like,
Garlic,
Hemlock,
Manure,
Nauseating,
Perspiration,
Petrol,
Putrid,
Rancid,
Sickly,
Skunk,
Stale Lint
Sulphur and
Urinous,

Leaf Perfume Group:-
Turpentine Group.
Camphor and Eucalyptus Group.
Mint Group.
Sulphur Group.
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Heavy Group.
Aromatic Group.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group.
Fruit-scented Group.
Animal-scented Group.
Honey Group.

Scent of Wood, Bark and Roots Group:-
Aromatic Group.
Turpentine Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Stale Perspiration Group.

 

Scent of Fungi Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Sulphur Group.
Aromatic Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Fruit Group.
Animal Group.
Honey Group

Sense of Sight

Emotion of
Hot /Cool; Calm / Agitated

Emotion of
Low-key / High Key


<----

.
.
.
v

Emotion of
Inviting
/ Forbidding

Emotion of Intellectual versus Emotional

Sense of Touch

Sense of Taste

Sense of Sound

 

 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 for
lists of plants of 1 plant type for 1 cultivation requirement is in Table on right

 

 

 

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
Click on Blue or underlined text to jump to page comparing flower thumbnails of that blue colour in the
Other Plant Photo Galleries. RedPP is Red, Pink, Purple and Other is Unusual or Other Flower Colour.

Plant Type
with links to Other Plant Photo Galleries

ABC

DEF

GHI

JKL

MNO

PQR

STU

VWX

YZ

Alpine in Evergreen Perennial,
Herbaceous Perennial and Rock Garden

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Aquatic

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Annual/ Biennial

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bamboo

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bedding, 25
RHS Mixed Border Beds 75 and
Flower Shape, Flower Colour and Bedding Plant Use

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Bicolour

Other Flower Colours

White / Colour Bicolour

Bulb, 746 with Use, Flower Colour/Shape of
Allium / Anemone, Colchicum / Crocus, Dahlia, Gladiolus, Narcissus and Tulip

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Climber 71 Clematis, 58 other Climbers with Use, Flower Colour and Shape

1

Blue

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Conifer

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Deciduous Shrub 43 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Deciduous Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Evergreen Perennial 104 with Use, Flower Colour, Flower Shape and Number of Petals

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Shrub 46, Semi-Evergreen Shrub and Heather 74 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Fern with 706 ferns
within 21 types and 41 uses

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Grass

1

1

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

Herbaceous Perennial 91,
RHS Mixed Border Beds 176 and
Peonies 46 with Flower Colour/Shape

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Herb

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Odds and Sods

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rose with 720 roses within Flower Colour, Flower Shape, Rose Petal Count and Rose Use

1

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

 

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Soft Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Sub-Shrub

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Top Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Vegetable

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Wildflower 1918 with
Plants used by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterflies in the UK
I am inserting the plants described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening into STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

Red

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Multi-colour

Cream

Mauve

Brown

Shrub and Small Tree

Botanical Names Page

Common Names Page

Finally, you might be advised to check that the adjacent plants to the one you have chosen for that position in a flower bed are suitable; by checking the entry in Companion Planting - like clicking A page for checking Abies - and Pest Control page if you have a pest to control in this part of the flower bed.
Companion Planting
- A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
Pest Control using Plants

 

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
The planning a Rose Garden chapter from Rose Gardens by Jane Fearnley-Whitingstall ISBN 0 7011 3344 9 and
Plant Solutions by Nigel Colborn provides information for this gallery.

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 Reference books for these galleries in Table on left

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
In addition to these 10 galleries, there are links to the Other Plant Photo Galleries in the table above like Bulb , which have plant descriptions accessed by clicking a flower thumbnail in its flower comparison page. Click the respective flower colour - like Green - to change page to that flower colour comparison page. Then, you can also choose these other plants.
It will also state the Plant Combinations for each plant from The Ulimate Visual Guide to Successful Plant Harmony - The Encyclopedia of Planting Combinations by Tony Lord ISBN 1-55209-623-8

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY
Some extra details about the Cultivation Requirements of Plant:- Outdoor /Garden Cultivation, Indoor / House Cultivation, Cool Green-house Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter, Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year, and Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

Since 2006, I have requested photos etc from the Mail-Order Nurseries in the UK and later from the rest of the World. Few nurseries have responded.
I worked for a lady, who with her husband took 35 mm slides of plants in the 1960's and 1970's. She allowed me to digitise some of her Kodachrome slides, which I have used in my website. I discovered that at least the green colour of the foliage became very much darker over that period of years to 2008, by comparing wildflower photos from her slides with digital photos supplied by a current Wildflower mail-order nursery, so I stopped creating my Foliage Galleries.
I bought myself a camera some years ago and started taking photos, some of which have been put into the website. I started taking photos of the Heathers at the Royal Horticultural Society at Wisley garden. I have displayed the Heathers foliage in closeup since their leaves are 2mm long and in macro-scale in the Heather Galleries - sometimes the foliage colour at the terminal end of the foliage stem is only a few leaves, whereas others have the same foliage colour throughout the stem. I discovered that some of the heathers did not have the correct plant label, since the flower colour did not correspond with the flower colour in the literature. I was informed that since kids have free rein, that perhaps they move the plant labels. Since, I cannot rely that the heather plant label next to the heather plant is valid, I have stopped taking photos of those heathers.
This leaves a small problem, especially since very few gardens open to the public have their plants labelled so that the public can use the data on their label to buy that named plant from a nursery or garden centre. Currently (June 2018) I insert photos from Wikimedia Commons as well as my own.
I have found the above book - which does not contain any colour plant photos. Since it had the following experts help in creating it, I have decided to use its information in these 10 galleries to help the public:-

  • T.W. Sanders Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1895.
  • A.J Macself Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1926 - both Sanders and Macself had worked entirely to the handlists published by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • A.G.L. Hellyer in this work of revision and also in checking the all-important cultural notes sought the help of experts in the various classes of plant:-
    • Mr S.A. Pearce, Assistant Curator at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew undertook the revision of those genera of plants which in this country are mainly grown under glass.
    • Mr Will Ingwersen dealt with the Rock plants,
    • Mr N. Catchpole made himself responsible for trees and shrubs;
    • Mr G.A Phillips for herbaceous plants,
    • Mrs Francis Perry for water plants,
    • Mr A.J. Macself for ferns,
    • Mr E. Cooper for orchids,
    • Mr J.S Dakers for annuals,
    • Miss Doreen Crowther for fruit and vegetables

with the aid of further information from other books, magazines and cross-checking on the internet.
In this edition of the book Sander's Encyclopaedia, the individual soil mixtures to grow plants have been retained, for it was considered that many gardeners might still wish to use them in certain circumstances. The John Innes mixtures may be substituted wherever desired. Details of these individual mixtures will be put into these galleries.