Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill Plants Index Gallery:
Annuals for use in Shade Page 1

Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill Plants Index Gallery:
Annuals for use in Shade Page 1

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier for you to contact to buy this plant

Flower Colour

Sun Aspect of Full Sun,
Part Shade, Full Shade

with link to external website for photo/data

Flowering Months

with row in each month that it flowers in that colour in
STAGE 4A
12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
/

with link to
USA or
Canada
mail-order supplier

Height with Spacings or Width (W) in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour


with row in relevant pages that it has foliage of that colour in
STAGE 4B
12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

or
Background Colour nearest to middle-aged leaf colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Soil Moisture:-
Dry,
Moist,
Wet

with link to Australia or New Zealand mail-order supplier

 

with data for rows in
STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY and
STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Pages

Plant Type is:-

A for Aquatic
Ann for Annual / Biennial
Ba for Bamboo
Bu for Bulb
Cl for Climber
Co for Conifer
F for Fern
G for Grass
H for Herb
P for Perennial
Rh for Rhodo-dendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro for Rose
Sh for Shrub
So for Soft Fruit
To for Top Fruit
Tr for Tree
V for Vegetable
W for Wildflower

followed by:-
E for Evergreen,
D for Deciduous,
H for Herbaceous,
Alpine for being an Alpine as well as being 1 of above Plant Type /

 
Acid for Acidic,
Alk for Alkaline,
Any for AnySoil
 

with links to
STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2, 3
and
STAGE 3
ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2
pages
 

Comments

Adjacent Planting

Plant Associations

It is sad to reflect that in England so few gardens open to the public label their plants or label them so that the label is visible when that plant is in flower, so that visitors can identify; and then later locate and purchase that plant.

Few mail-order nurseries provide the detail as shown in my rose or heather galleries.

If you want to sell a product, it is best to display it. When I sold my Transit van, I removed its signage, cleaned it and took photos of the inside and outside before putting them onto an advert in Autotrader amongst more than 2000 other Transit vans - it was sold in 20 minutes.

If mail-order nurseries could put photos to the same complexity from start of the year to its end with the different foliage colours and stages of flowering on Wikimedia Commons, then the world could view the plant before buying it, and idiots like me would have valid material to work with.

I have been in the trade (until ill health forced my Sole Trader retirement in 2013) working in designing, constructing and maintaining private gardens for decades and since 2005 when this site was started, I have asked any nursery in the world to supply photos. R.V. Roger in Yorkshire allowed me to use his photos from his website in 2007 and when I got a camera to spend 5 days in July 2014 at my expense taking photos of his roses growing in his nursery field, whilst his staff was propagating them. I gave him a copy of those photos.

 

Annuals for Shade: A Toronto Master Gardeners Guide

An annual plant is one that completes its life cycle from seed to plant to bloom and back to seed again in one season. Annual flowers are often bright, colourful and very floriferous. In this way, they attract pollinating insects to ensure seed production to complete the cycle. Annual plants put on a long flowering display, lasting weeks or even months. Annual plants range from low plants for ground cover, plants of various heights, and flowering vines. Relatively few flowering annuals do well in shade. Plants recommended for shaded areas perform best in a part or light shade (see Cultural Practices below).

Annuals are classified for our region as the following:

Hardy annuals: seeds and seedlings can withstand frost and can be planted in the garden in early spring. Pansies, Sweet Alyssum and Forget-me-nots fit this category.
Half-hardy annuals: seeds can be planted outdoors after the soil has warmed up but this usually delays bloom, so these are usually sown indoors six to twelve weeks before the frost-free date for our area. Baby Blue-eyes, fibrous Begonias and Bells of Ireland are in this category.
Tender annuals: seeds must be started indoors and not planted outdoors until both soil and air temperatures are warm. Examples include Ageratum, Coleus and Impatiens.
Also treated as annuals: tender perennials grown from seed or cuttings, and tender bulbs and tubers. Fuchsias, Caladiums and Tuberous Begonias are three examples.

 

Cultural Considerations

Siting the plant
A shade garden may be described as one that receives less than six hours of direct sunlight per day. Different annuals will tolerate different degrees of shade. Shade is divided into three categories, with each having either moist or dry soil:

• Part shade: receives direct sunlight for part of the day and shade for the rest.
• Light shade: receives shade for most or all of the day, although some sunlight does filter down to ground level, such as under a birch tree.
• Full shade: areas such as the north side of a house receive no direct sunlight, but may receive light reflected off surrounding areas.

Soil
Good soil will promote the best growing conditions and, therefore, the best flowering. Dry, shady conditions are the most challenging in which to grow flowering plants.
To prepare your garden bed for planting, work three to six inches of organic matter such as compost or composted manure into the soil. This will lighten and improve soil drainage in heavy clay soils, and will improve water retention in sandy soil. Mix some granular fertilizer into the garden bed, choosing one with a higher middle number (phosphorous) to promote blooming and strengthen the roots.
While it is less important for annual plants, it is wise to test your soil to determine the nutrient levels before choosing an appropriate fertilizer. As well, test your soil to determine its pH, which is a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of the soil. A pH below 7 indicates acidity, above 7 indicates alkalinity, and a pH of 7 indicates neutrality. A pH range between 5.5 and 7.5 is beneficial as it allows for sufficient microorganism activity and nutrient availability.

Air Circulation
Ensure good air circulation around your plants to help prevent disease, particularly mould, which can weaken plants. Check the estimated width of the plant to determine appropriate spacing in your garden bed. The general rule is six inches between plants. However, some types may be grown closer together to achieve a massed appearance.

Water
All annuals require watering for at least four weeks after planting to help them become established. Check that the soil is moist at least one inch below the surface, and if not, give the plant additional water. Mulch plants with shredded bark, leaf mold, or compost to retain moisture, to keep the root zone cooler, and to suppress weed seed germination. In dry gardens, rocks buried 2/3 of their height can provide a cooler root run and carry rainwater and irrigation down to the root zone of annuals adjacent to the rocks.

Deadhead
Most annuals will bloom continuously. However, for a continuous display of bloom, it is important to remove the spent blossoms (deadheading) frequently to prevent seed formation.

 

Annuals for Dry, Light Shade Conditions:-

  • Catharanthus roseus (Madagascar Periwinkle, Cape Periwinkle) to 39 inches (1m) in white to dark pink with darker red centre, cultivars of mauve, peach, scarlet. Long flowering season. Tolerates dry and nutrient deficient conditions. Sensitive to over-watering.
  • Cleome hassleriana (Spider Flower) drought tolerant. Lots of bloom in full sun to partial shade. Self seeds. 36-72 inches (90-180 cm) x 18-36 inches (45-90 cm) in pink, rose, violet or white.
  • Dracaena indivisa syn. Cordyline indivisia (Spikes) (20-36 inches (50-98 cm) x 15-18 inches (37-46 cm) Architectural plant for dramatic foliage effects.
  • Lobelia erinus mounding or trailing, under 6 inches (15 cm.) profuse flowering. Blue, pinkish red, white. Partial shade to shade.
  • Lobularia maritima (Sweet Alyssum) Under 6 inches (15 cm) Pink, rose, mauve, white. Continuous bloom. Attractive to bees and butterflies, resistant to deer. Drought tolerant and fragrant. Direct sow seed.
  • Senecio cineraria (Dusty Miller) a sub-shrub grown for its dissected silver-gray foliage, up to 2 feet(0.6m) tall, slightly wider spread. Flowers are insignificant. Charming in a moonlit garden.

Annuals for Partial and Light Shade:-

  • Ageratum (Floss flower) 6-8 inches (15-20 cm) Fluffy flowers of lavender-blue, white and rose. Compact bedding plant.
  • Caladium hortulanum (Elephants ears) is a tender tuber grown as an annual. It has variegated colourful foliage up to 15 inches tall (37 cm). Lift the tuber and over-winter indoors.
  • Consolida ambigua (Larkspur) 18-24 inches (45-60 cm) pink, mauve, light- mediium- dark- violet-blue, purple, white. Easy from seed. Attractive to birds, insects. Self seeds.
  • Cynoglossum amabile (Chinese forget-me-not) 12-18 inches (30-45 cm) bright blue small flowers bloom until frost.
  • Hypoestes phyllostachya (Polka dot plant) 9-18 inches (22-45 cm) A foliage plant with leaves speckled with red, pink or white dots.
  • Ipomoea batatas ‘Blackie’ (Sweet potato vine) with burgundy foliage, and I. batatas ‘Margarita’ with chartreuse foliage, 4-10 inches (10-25 cm). Vigorous, trailing, mounded growth. Dig up tubers in fall and over-winter indoors in vermiculite or peat.
  • Lobelia erinus See dry light shade conditions, above
  • Lobularia maritima (Sweet alyssum) See dry light shade conditions, above.
  • Mimulus tigrinus (Monkey flower) 12 inches (30 cm) (M. x hybridus) 10 inches (25 cm) cream, crimson, orange, red, wine, yellow. Free flowering. Prefers rich soil kept fairly moist.
  • Moluccella laevis (Bells of Ireland) 24 inches (60 cm) An heirloom flower with bell-shaped green bracts all along the branching stems. Blooms mid-summer to frost. A nice filler around more colourful blooms. Self sows.
  • Nemophila menziesii (Baby Blue-eyes) spring bloom. 4-6 inches (10-15cm) x 8-12 inches (20-30 cm) Low growing, clump-forming plant. Blue, purple or white cup-shaped blooms often spotted or marked. Easy from seed.
  • Nicotiana sylvestris (Flowering tobacco) 36-48 inches (90-120 cm) Imposing plant, cascading head of white blooms summer to autumn. Heady evening fragrance. Easy from seed. There are another 66 species of Nicotiana.
  • Nicotiana alata (Flowering tobacco) 12-24 inches (30-60 cm) Loose clusters of lime green, red, white, yellow flowers above large leaves. Blooms summer to fall. Low drought tolerance.
  • Nigella damascena (Love-in-a-mist) 15 inches (35-40 cm) X 3-6 inches (7-15 cm) Vivid blue, also purples, pink, white with airy ferny foliage and attractive seed pods suitable for drying. Seed directly in garden from early spring and repeat sow every 4 weeks for continuous display.
  • Oxalis ‘Charmed Wine’ (Shamrock) (12-18 inches (30-45 cm) Blush pink blooms and very large plum-coloured shamrock leaves, spring and summer bloom. Prefers moist soil.
  • Perilla frutescens crispa (Perilla) 18-24 inches (45-60 cm) Foliage plant grown for its aromatic and silky purple foliage. Self seeds abundantly.
  • Schizanthus x wisetonensis (Poor Man’s orchid, Butterfly flower) 6-12 inches (15-30 cm) Rose, mauve, bright yellow, blue, magenta, white. Large clusters of flowers above fernlike foliage. Blooms spring through summer. Water regularly. Attractive to butterflies and bees.
  • Solenostemon scutellairoides (Coleus) 12-24 inches (30-60 cm) grown for colourful foliage in a wide range of sizes and colour combinations of burgundy, purple, red, pink, orange, yellow, gold, white and green. Insignificant flowers.
  • Thunbergia alata (Blackeyed Susan vine) To 6 feet (180 cm) 5-petalled orange blooms with chocolate-purple eye. Trailing or twining vine. Water regularly for best performance.
  • Torenia fournieri (Wishbone flower) Upright bush 8-12 inches (15 cm) x 6 inches (15-30cm) Pale violet tubular flowers with deep purple blotches and yellow throat. Blooms summer through autumn. Prefers moist but well-drained compost-enriched soil. Deadheading is not necessary, and the seed heads are attractive.
  • Tropaeolum (Nasturtium) 12 inches (30 cm) Large unique flowers of orange, yellow, white or red with distinctive water lily-like foliage. Upright or trailing. Leaves and flowers can be used in salads. Prefers poor soil to bloom well.

Annuals for Part Shade Moist Conditions:-
No flowering annual can tolerate constantly wet roots, however, some can be grown in moist soil such as the edge of ponds and stream banks.

  • Begonia x tuberhybrida (Tuberous begonia) has camellia-like flowers in a wide colour range from white, yellow, apricot, orange, pink, red. The leaves can also be variegated. Both pendulous and upright forms. Dig up the tuber in fall and over-winter indoors.
  • Begonia rex-cultorum (Rex begonia) are hybrids grown for their extremely decorative foliage up to 12 inches (30 cm) long. Rex begonias may be over-wintered indoors or by starting new plants from leaf cuttings.
  • Begonia semperflorens-cultorum (Wax begonia) is fibrous rooted. Small blossoms in pink, red, white with green, bronze or variegated foliage.
  • Caladium hortulanum (Elephant ears) – see partial /light shade, above.
  • Fuchsia hybrids come in upright or pendulous forms. A wide range in assorted colours and colour combinations are available, from pink, white, magenta, and purple, and red single flowers. May be over-wintered indoors.
  • Myosotis dissitiflora (Forget-me-nots) are 6-12 inches tall (15-30 cm), with blue flower clusters late spring and early summer. Self seeds.
  • Viola wittrockiana (Pansies) up to 9 inches tall (22 cm) early and late bloom best in cool conditions. Self-seeds. Wide range of single and bi-colours.

Annuals for Full Shade:-

  • Browallia elata (Browallia) 12-18 inches (30-45 cm) Blue, blue-violet, violet, white. (B. speciosa (major) 18 inches (45 cm) Blue. Both are heavy bloomers.
  • Impatiens walleriana 6-12 inches (15-30 cm) by up to 12 inches (30 cm) single and double pink, rose, mauve, magenta, red, apricot, orange, purple, pale yellow, white. No need to deadhead.  Note: There is currently an epidemic of downy mildew affecting this species and it should be avoided until a cure is discovered.
  • Impatiens x hawkeri (New Guinea Impatiens) Flower colour as other impatiens but the foliage is patterned or variegated. 9-36 inches (23-90 cm).
  • Oxalis ‘Charmed Wine’ (Shamrock) – see partial/light shade conditions, above.
  • Solenostemon scutellairoides (Coleus) – see partial/light shade, above.

 

Annie's has 22 Annuals suitable for shade

 

Annuals for Part to Full Shade by University of Illinois Extension

As a guide, partial shade refers to those areas that are shaded for 4-6 hours per day. Morning sun or east facing locations are typical or dappled light obstructed by trees. Afternoon sun is also considered within the partial shade parameters but because of the intensity of afternoon sun, these areas can become quite hot and may require attention to timely irrigation. Full shade areas receive no direct sun only indirect light. North sides of structures or under fully leafed out trees are examples.

 

10 Best Annuals for Shade by Paul Schorr from Missouri Botanical Garden

The selection of annuals that do well in shade is somewhat limited when compared to the number of choices available for sunny locations. This list comprises 10 that will do well when grown as annuals in the St. Louis area. Those listed as growing in part shade will tolerate several hours of very early morning or filtered sunlight.  

 

Annuals for Shade from White Flower Farm

If you have a shady spot in your garden or on your patio, these annuals will suit nicely. They will perform beautifully in part shade (which we casually define as 3-4 hours of sun per day) to full shade (spots that receive no direct sun at all).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Toronto Master Gardeners informing, educating and inspiring home gardeners in Canada:-

Part of an international non-profit community service network, Toronto Master Gardeners are a group of more than 130 trained horticulturists who volunteer their time to provide advice to home gardeners in the Toronto area.

All Master Gardeners have successfully completed university horticultural studies and must meet ongoing continuing education requirements to make sure that our advice to gardeners is based on current horticultural knowledge.

History and Organization

The volunteer Toronto Master Gardeners have been advising and helping solve problems for Toronto gardeners since January 1988.

The Toronto Master Gardeners are part of the province-wide Master Gardeners of Ontario Inc. (MGOI). There are 38 local Master Gardener groups in Ontario, focusing on sustainable gardening information for the public. There are also Master Gardener groups in many provinces, most states, and in some international locations.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Catharanthus roseus (Madagascar Periwinkle, Rosy Periwinkle, Annual Vinca, formerly known as Vinca rosea)

Supplier of Vinca rosea

 

 

 

 

 

The flowers are adapted to pollination by a long-tongued insect, such as a moth or butterfly. This species is also able to self-pollinate. Its seeds have been seen to be distributed by ants. Madagascar periwinkle is grown as a bedding plant in tropical regions and cultivated indoors as a house plant in temperate areas. It is sensitive to over-watering. It does not withstand frosts and is best grown indoors in temperate climates.

Annual ground cover, bedding, edging or containers. Some varieties make excellent houseplants.

 

catharanthuscforroseuswikimediacommons

A Madagascar periwinkle flower and leaves in CUHK, Hong Kong. Photo taken by Lorenzarius on 29 March 2006.

• 中文名: 長春花

• Common name: Madagascar periwinkle

• Scientific name: Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don. By Lorenzarius assumed (based on copyright claims, via Wikimedia Commons

Cleome hassleriana (Spider flower)

Supplier

 

 

 

 

 

Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun. Tolerates light shade. Best with consistent watering during the growing season, but once established, plants will tolerate some drought.

 

cleomecforhasslerianawikimediacommons

The inflorescence of cultivated Cleome hassleriana. Moscow region, Russia.. By Bff, via Wikimedia Commons

Lobelia erinus (Edging lobelia)

Supplier

 

 

 

 

 

Lobelia erinus is a very popular edging plant in gardens, especially for hanging baskets and window boxes. It has a particularly long flowering period, from mid spring to early autumn.

 

lobeliacflowikimediacommons

This image shows a Lobelia close-up. By André Karwath aka Aka, via Wikimedia Commons

Lobularia maritima (Alyssum maritimum, Sweet Alyssum)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

The genus name Lobularia comes from a Greek word meaning "small pod", referring to the shape of the fruits. The name of the species maritima refers to its preferred coastal habitat.

4 white rounded petals (or pink, rose-red, violet and lilac)

Part Shade

The honey-scented flowers are produced throughout the growing season, or year-round in areas free of frost.

2-12 x 8-12
(5-30 x 20-30)

It is common on sandy beaches and dunes, but can also grow on cultivated fields, walls, slopes and waste ground, preferably on calcareous soil

Ann

135 results from Royal Horticultural Society.

Sweet alyssum flowers (Lobularia maritima syn. Alyssum maritimum) are useful in alpine rock gardens, borders, planters, hanging baskets and dry zones. They are small plants that may get 3 to 6 inches tall and produce clusters of tiny flowers in clumps. The blooms come in pink, salmon, purple, white and yellow. Flowers arise in June to October and can be encouraged to rebloom by cutting back spent flowers.

This plant is native to the Mediterranean region, Macaronesia (Canary Islands, Azores) and in France in the Bay of Biscay. It is widely naturalized elsewhere in the temperate world.

When grown in gardens, it is typically used as groundcover, as it rarely grows higher than 20 cm (8 in) tall. It is also grown in cracks in paving and walls, and is especially associated with coastal locations. It prefers partial shade, and is resistant to heat and drought.

alyssumcflomaritimumwikimediacommons1

File:Caps blancs (Alyssum maritimum) al passeig de les Aigües al costat del turó de Valldaura P1240348.JPG. By Pere López, via Wikimedia Commons

Senecio cineraria (Dusty Miller)

Supplier

 

 

 

 

 

'Silver Dust' is a subshrub, usually grown as an annual, for its ovate, pinnately lobed, strikingly silvery-white leaves

 

seneciocforcinerariawikimediacommons

Senecio cineraria. By I, KENPEI, via Wikimedia Commons

Ageratum houstonianum (Floss Flower)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA
Supplier in Australia

Ageratum houstonianum is toxic to grazing animals, causing liver lesions. It contains pyrrolizidine alkaloids.

Blue flowerheads (sometimes white, pink, or purple)

Full Sun,
Part Shade

June to frost

6-30 x 6-18
(15-75 x 6-45)

Prefers rich soils with good drainage and consistent moisture throughout the growing season. Plants tend to wilt quickly if soils are allowed to dry out.

Ann

There are many cultivars available of this fast-growing annual. They are best used as bedding, edging, or container plants. Panicles of blue, pink, purple, or white flowerheads arise from oval, downy leaves in midsummer and continue until frost. They have a soft, fuzzy appearance and attract butterflies.

Shorter varieties are excellent as bedding plants, edgers (along paths, walkways and border fronts) and container plants (hanging baskets, window boxes, urns or other containers). --->

Also effective in rock gardens. Taller varieties are appropriate for mid-borders or cutting gardens.

Ageratum houstonianum is prone to becoming a rampant environmental weed when grown outside of its natural range. It has become an invasive weed in the United States, Australia, Europe, Africa, China, Japan, New Zealand, and the Philippines.

ageratumcfloshoustonianummediacommons1a

Ageratum houstonianum from Lalbagh Flower Show by By Rameshng (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Consolida ambigua (Consolida ajacis, Larkspur)

Supplier of Consolida ambigua (now known as Consolida ajacis, Rocket Larkspur)

Supplier

 

 

 

 

 

Excellent cut flower for fresh or dried arrangements.

Easily grown from seed in loose, moderately rich, consistently moist, well-drained soils in full sun.

 

consolidacfloajaciswikimediacommons

Consolida ajacis at the Huntington Library & Botanical Gardens in San Marino, California, USA. By Stickpen (Own work) [CC0], via Wikimedia Commons

Cynoglossum amabile (Chinese forget-me-not)

Supplier

 

 

 

 

 

This biennial is on the list of RHS Perfect for Pollinators. A cultivated form of this attractive biennial, admirable for supplying colour to the early summer border, when their indigo-blue flowers are produced very freely. Use for Cut Flowers.

Plants prefer some light afternoon shade in hot summer climates. Tolerates average to poor soils. Avoid unamended heavy clay soils. The 5 large seeds are covered in velcro-like hooks so that they will stick to animals or birds to be dispersed.

 

cynoglossumcflosamabilewikimediacommons1

Cynoglossum amabile in the UC Botanical Garden, Berkeley, California, USA. By ‪D4m1en via Wikimedia Commons

Hypoestes phyllostachya (Polka-dot plant)

Supplier

 

 

 

 

 

In its native habitat, the plant can get up to 3 feet in height, but pot grown specimens will usually be smaller. The foliage is the main reason to grow this plant. The leaves are dotted with darker spots in green and a base color of pink. Breeders have developed many other varieties, some of which have the green mottled spotting, but others are dotted with other hues. There are purple, scarlet, lavender and white speckled leaves.

Brighten Shady Spots

You can't go wrong with an all-white combination. Here, shimmering 'White Christmas' caladiums provide big-leaf texture to the combination of 'Prelude White' begonia and white polka-dot plant.

 

hypoestescforphyllostachyawikimediacommons

A small flower on a red cultivar of Hypoestes phyllostachya. By FRUIT via Wikimedia Commons

Ipomoea species (Morning Glory)

There are only 51 species with Ipomoea batatas being 1 of them.

Supplier

Ipomoea batatas 'Blackie'

heart-shaped, lobed, almost black leaves

Ipomea batatas 'Pink Frost'

Green leaves that are edged in pink.

 

 

 

 

 

The plant - Ipomoea batatas - is a herbaceous perennial vine, bearing alternate heart-shaped or palmately lobed leaves and medium-sized sympetalous flowers. The edible tuberous root is long and tapered, with a smooth skin whose color ranges between yellow, orange, red, brown, purple, and beige. Its flesh ranges from beige through white, red, pink, violet, yellow, orange, and purple. Sweet potato varieties with white or pale yellow flesh are less sweet and moist than those with red, pink or orange flesh. In New Zealand, the most common variety is the Red (purple) cultivar, and is called kumara, a name derived from the Māori name kūmara, but orange (Beauregard) and gold varieties are also available. Kumara is particularly popular as a roasted food or in contemporary cuisine, as kumara chips, often served with sour cream and sweet chili sauce.

 

ipomoeacflosbatataswikimediacommons

Ipomoea batatas, Convolvulaceae, Sweet Potato, flowers; Botanical Garden KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany. The plant is used in homeopathy as remedy: Ipomoea batatas (Ipom-b.). By H. Zell via Wikimedia Commons

Mimulus x hybridus (Monkey Flower, Musk)

Supplier of Mimulus 'Magic Rainbow'

 

 

 

 

 

These low growing, bushy mimulus plants produce masses of tubular blooms, looking much like exotic, wide snapdragon flowers. Although monkey flowers are tender perennials, they are best treated as an annual for beds, containers and baskets, except in the mildest parts of the country. Mimulus 'Magic Rainbow' is ideal to add a bright splash of summer colour from June to August in lightly shaded, moist beds in the garden. Height and spread: 30cm (12"). Mimulus is used as food by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, such as the Mouse Moth (Amphipyra tragopoginis) as a main part of their diet.

 

mimuluscflojackwikimediacommons

Photo of Mimulus 'Jack' at the University of California Botanical Garden. By Stan Shebs, via Wikimedia Commons

Molucella laevis 'Pixie Bells' (Bells of Ireland)

Supplier

 

 

 

 

 

moluccellacfloslaeviswikimediacommons

Moluccella laevis (Bells-of-Ireland, Bells of Ireland, Molucca balmis, Shellflower, Shell flower) rumor has it that the pollinator of this Lamiaceae is the common house fly. By ‪CarolSpears, via Wikimedia Commons

"Give one slightly trickier plant a go, Moluccella laevis (bells of Ireland), which will still be looking good in the garden as you pick your berries and twigs for a wreath at Christmas. This can be stubborn to germinate, but should come up after the shock of a week in the freezer.

Freeze a packet of seed in the next week, sow into a seed tray, then prick out into their own pots for planting in the garden in the middle of May." from how to create summer colour with annual flowers by Sarah Raven in The Telegraph 26 April 2010.

Fragrant pale green flowers and pale green leaves. Easy annual, good cut and good dried. Sun. 30″

Before green flowers became a hot trend, there were bells of Ireland, a flower in cultivation since the 1500’s. These flowers are native to Turkey, not Ireland, but their fresh green color and symbolism of luck derived from the bell shape give them their Irish nickname.

Florists love Bells of Ireland for their availability and longevity, and you’ll see them used in wedding flower arrangements as often as in St. Patrick’s day bouquets.

Bells of Ireland grow in all zones, but fare poorly in areas with hot and humid summers.

Many gardeners don’t realize that they’re growing bells of Ireland for their green calyxes, not the tiny white flowers within. These outer green sepals form the showy green “bells” that surround the tiny fragrant flowers within.

Plant bells of Ireland in the garden after the last frost date in your area in average garden soil. Leave seeds uncovered, as they require light to germinate. The seeds are slow to germinate, taking up to a month to produce shoots, so for earlier blooms start them indoors two months before the average last frost date.

Stratification increases the germination rate of bells of Ireland. You can expose them to cold by sowing them outdoors in the fall, or by refrigerating them for a week before starting them indoors.

Maintenance:

Keep bells of Ireland consistently moist.

Bells of Ireland are top heavy, and they may topple over after a heavy rain or in areas exposed to wind. Stake the blooming stalks, grow the compact variety, or grow them in a sheltered area to keep the spires upright.

Bells of Ireland don’t rebloom, so you can remove plants past their prime without guilt. However, you may want to leave them in place long enough for the seeds to mature and scatter, as these annuals are self-sowing.

Design Tips:

Bells of Ireland flowers are easy to dry, and they add interest to fresh cut flower arrangements. The lime green flowers make an attractive foil for wine or magenta colored flowers, like ‘Red Velvet’ celosia,
globe amaranth, or
‘Purple Prince’ zinnias.

If you harvest Bells of Ireland for fresh or dried bouquets, wear gloves to protect your hands from the small spiny thorns that grow along the stems. The stiff calyces of bells of Ireland last up to two weeks in fresh arrangements, but the flowers don’t maintain their green tint as dried specimens. The bells will gradually turn tan when they dry.

Varieties:

Pixie Bells: A compact variety of the heirloom species, topping out at two feet tall

Nemophila menziesii 'Penny Black'

Supplier

 

 

 

 

 

Round black flowers with white edge, crinkled-edge leaves. Adorable hardy annual, may self sow. Sun or light shade. 5″

 

nemophilacflomenziesiipennyblackwikimediacommons1

Nemophila menziesii 'Penny Black' at Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden in Claremont, California, USA. by By ‪Stickpen (Own work) via Wikimedia Commons

Nicotiana alata (Flowering tobacco)

Supplier

Supplier of Nicotiana alata Grandiflora Plants

Supplier of Nicotiana alata 'Lime Green'

 

 

 

 

 

The best form is still the species N. alata (often called Jasmine Tobacco) which produces tall, graceful stems of pale, nodding flowers with starry faces. Its soft, sweet perfume peaks at dusk on warm nights, attracting exotic pollinators and domestic gardeners to its calming presence. Bloom starts in July and continues into fall in a protected spot. These 3-4ft plants stand up to rough weather without staking and are not fussy about soil. A half day of sun is plenty, which makes it easy to tuck them in near a door or window and get their perfume indoors.

 

nicotianacflosalatawikimediacommons

Nicotiana alata. By Carl E Lewis via Wikimedia Commons

Nigella damascena (Love-in-a-mist)

Supplier

Blue

Full Sun, Part Shade

 

 

 

Ann

Lacy, filamentous foliage makes a soft and alluring background for the flowers, whose distinctive blue petals nestle among the feathery leaves. Garden series such as 'Persian Jewels' have purple and white flowers, as well as those in various shades of blue. The large, inflated, lantern-like seed capsules are almost as decorative as the flowers and last until autumn.

 

Nigella papillosa 'Midnight'

This easy grow annual plant has it all; pretty, fern like foliage, handsome velvety flowers, and eye-catching seed-heads! Grow Nigella papillosa 'Midnight' by sowing direct into beds and borders. Rich blue flowers sit aloft the lacy fine-cut foliage. These are followed by quirky, dark purple seed pods, extending the interest of this border star well into autumn. Love-in-a-mist is perfect for cutting and using fresh or dried. Height: 55cm (22"). Spread: 30cm (12").

A lovely annual to naturalize among roses, especially the older varieties. Also effective for gap-filling, in a mixed border or for lining a lavender hedge.

nigellacflodamascenawikimediacommons1a1

Nigella damascena. By Rob Hille via Wikimedia Commons

The recessive tints of blue love-in-a-mist and dusky crimson-purple Rosa 'Tuscany Superb' set off the bright flowers of Rosa gallica 'Versicolor', while the white rose campion (Lychnis coronaria 'Alba') lightens the ensemble. Fairly hard annual pruning will keep 'Tuscany Superb' at about the same height as Rosa gallica 'Versicolor'.

loveinamistcfloswikimediacommons

Love-in-a-mist, devil in the bush. By Wildfeuer, via Wikimedia Commons

Schizanthus x wisetonensis (Butterfly flower, fringeflower, poor-man's-orchid)

Supplier

 

 

 

 

 

Butterfly Flower Angel Wings features attractive, finely cut, fern-like foliage and produces spectacular clusters of orchid-like colorful flowers in the range of pink, lavender,red, rose, violet, gold and bi-color. Butterfly Flower blooms from late spring and into fall, and its showy flowers are extremely attractive to butterflies. Butterfly Flower makes an outstanding cut flower.

 

schizanthuscflowisetonensiswikimediacommons

Schizanthus x wisetonensis “Star Parade Mix” blooming in Phipps Conservatory, Pittsburgh, for the 2015 Spring Flower Show. By Cbaile19, via Wikimedia Commons

Coleus (Solenostemon scutellaroides)

Supplier

 

 

 

 

 

59 results from Royal Horticultural Society.

Coleus plants are durable and easy to grow.

They are best known for their bright colors, and variety of foliage forms.

Technically, they are a tender perennial but they are usually considered an annual plant by growers and seed producers. Coleus plants should be grown in the garden in bright, indirect light, or in partial shade. The lower growing dwarf varieties (6-12 inch) will create a colorful border, or you can use the taller (up to 36") types as a dramatic background planting.Many Coleus plants will survive full sun exposure but the foliage color is often enhanced when they are grown in the shade.

Coleus are also quite striking when they are planted in a container and grown as a house plant.

 

plectranthuscforscutellarioideswikimediacommone

Plecthranthus scutellarioides. By I. Fähnrich, via Wikimedia Commons

Thunbergia alata (Black-eyed Susan vine)

Supplier in UK of Thunbergia alata 'Superstar Orange'
Supplier in USA

Salmon, White, Yellow

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Jun-Aug

96 x 96
(240 x 240)

Provide moist, well-drained soil in full sun with some afternoon shade. In cooler zones, grow in a warm or temperate greenhouse or treat as annuals.

Ann Cl H

This tender perennial climber is evergreen in Zones 10 and warmer. Where grown as an annual, plants can reach 8 feet; when grown as a perennial, 20 feet. In warmer climates, grow perennial climbers along permanent structures and shrubs in mixed borders.

A butterfly, Junonia ovithya, or the eyed pansy, and moths also visit these plants to lay eggs, for the larvae eat the leaves. Hence this creeper, being attractive to insects, helps bring birds into a garden. Birds also often nest in the thickly tangled stems.

Use in Trellises, arbors, fences or other structures around the home. Also effective in hanging baskets where the vine can twist around the basket supports or in patio containers with a small trellis or obelisk burried in the container.

Soak Black-Eyed Susan Vine seed in water for 12 hours, then sow in 2 in. pots or cell packs, press into soil and completely cover. Kept at 75-80°F., germination is in 14-21 days. Transplant seedlings into the garden 12-18 in. apart, after all danger of frost.

thunbergiacfloalatawikimediacommons1

Thunbergia alata. By I, KENPEI, via Wikimedia Commons

Torenia fournieri (Wishbone flower)

Supplier

 

 

 

 

 

Wishbone flower is a small, bushy annual that is especially valuable because it blooms 
abundantly in shady conditions. It's a great choice for edging and containers.

 

toreniacforfournieriwikimediacommons

Torenia fournieri

• 日本語: トレニア、ナツスミレ

Place:Osaka-fu Japan. By I, KENPEI, via Wikimedia Commons

Tropaeolum majus (Garden Nasturtium, Indian cress, monks cress)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA
Supplier of Red Wonder nasturtiums are flowering, structured, frost tender annuals with trailing growth habit. It has showy, large, dark red flowers and green foliage

Summer Bedding plant whose flower colour varies from yellow to orange to red, frilled and often darker at the base of the petals

Full Sun

Jun-Sep

18-30
(45-75)

Well-drained sandy soil

Ann Cl H

 

It is listed as invasive in several areas, including Hawaii, Lord Howe Island, New Zealand.

68 results from Royal Horticultural Society. Das Elisabeth Linné-Phänomen, or the Elizabeth Linnæus Phenomenon, is the name given to the phenomenon of "Flashing Flowers". Especially at dusk, the orange flowers may appear to emit small "flashes". Once believed to be an electrical phenomenon, it is today thought to be an optical reaction in the human eye caused by the contrast between the orange flowers and the surrounding green. The phenomenon is named after Elisabeth Christina von Linné, one of Carl Linnaeus's daughters, who discovered it at age 19.

All its parts are edible. The flower has most often been consumed, making for an especially ornamental salad ingredient; it has a slightly peppery taste reminiscent of watercress, and is also used in stir fry. The flowers contain about 130 mg vitamin C per 100 grams (3.5 oz), about the same amount as is contained in parsley. Moreover, they contain up to 45 mg of lutein per 100 gr, which is the highest amount found in any edible plant. The unripe seed pods can be harvested and dropped into spiced vinegar to produce a condiment and garnish, sometimes used in place of capers.

tropaeolumcflomajuswikimediacommons1

Tropaeolum majus, in a wild garden in Belgium. By Jamain, via Wikimedia Commons.

Used by Hummingbirds and butterflies, as groundcover and in pots.

Begonia x semperflorens (Wax begonia)

Supplier

 

 

 

 

 

Dwarf varieties grow to 6-8” tall and taller varieties grow to 10-12” tall. Mass in beds or borders. Edgings. Containers and window boxes.

 

begoniacflossemperflorenswikimediacommons

Begonia x semperflorens. Found in Rīga town, Latvia. By AfroBrazilian, via Wikimedia Commons

 

Gardens shaded by trees and buildings are increasingly common as gardens get smaller. Although north- or east-facing gardens can be cool and shady for much of the year, they can present some creative opportunities with well-chosen shade-tolerant plants.

Annuals/biennials for shade:-

  • Begonia semperflorens
  • Bellis perennis
  • Impatiens (bizzie lizzie)
  • Lunaria annua
  • Myosotis (forget-me-not)
  • Nemophila insignis
  • Nicotiana
  • Schizanthus
  • Tropaeolum (nasturtium)
  • Viola (pansy)

 

Shade planting: annuals, bulbs and perennials by Royal Horticultural Society

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 1
PAGES

Site Map

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY PAGES Links to pages in Table alongside on the left with Garden Design Topic Pages

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

Plant Type
 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 with its Cultivation Requirements

Alpines for Rock Garden (See Rock Garden Plant Flowers)

Alpine Shrubs and Conifers

The Alpine Meadow
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

The Alpine Border
1
, 2

Alpine Plants for a Purpose

The Alpines that Dislike Lime 1, 2

Alpines and Walls
Dry Sunny Walls 1a, b
Tops of Walls 2a, b
Dry Shady and Conifers 3a, b

Alpines and
Paving
1
, 2

Sink and Trough gardens
1
, 2

Aquatic
(Water Plants) for

Anti-erosion River-bank

Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants)
1
, 2

Oxy-genating Weeds

Water Lilies

Floating Plants

Water-side Plants
and Plants for Dry Margins next to a Pond
1
, 2

Wildlife Pond Plants

Annual for

----------------



 

 

ANY PLANT TYPE for
Cut Flowers in
January 1, 2
February
March 1, 2
April
May 1, 2
June 1, 2
July 1, 2
August
September
October
November
December

Exposed Sites

Sheltered Sites with Green-house Annuals from 1916

Extra Poor Soil with Half-Hardy Annuals from 1916

Very Rich Soil with Biennials from 1916

Gap-filling in Mixed Borders with Hardy Annuals from 1916

Patio Con-tainers

Cut Flowers
1
, 2, 3 Ever-lasting Flowers with Red Flowers from 1916

Attract-ing bene-ficial insects
1
, 2

Scent / Fra-grance with Annuals for Cool or Shady Places from 1916

Low-allergen Gardens for Hay Fever Sufferers

Annual Plant Pairing Ideas and Colour Schemes with Annuals
1
, 2

Low-Growing Annuals
1
, 2

Medium-Growing Annuals

Tall-Growing Annuals with White Flowers from 1916

Black or Brown Flowers

Blue to Purple Flowers

Green Flowers with Annuals and Biennials from 1916

Red to Pink Flowers and Cut Flowers
Page
1
, 2, 3

White Flowers
1
, 2

Yellow or Orange Flowers
1
, 2

Dec-orative Foliage

Moist Soil

Shade
1
, 2

House-plants with Yellow Flowers from 1916

Edging Beds

Hanging Baskets

Vining Annuals

 

Bedding for

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Autumn/ Winter Bedding

Bedding for Light Sandy Soil

Bedding for Acid Soil

Bedding for Chalky Soil

Bedding for Clay Soil

Black Flowers

Blue Flowers

Orange Flowers

Pink Flowers

Long Flowering

Coloured Leaves

Attract-ive to Wildlife including Bees, Butterflies and Moths

Purple Flowers

Red Flowers

White Flowers

Yellow Flowers

Multi-Coloured Flowers

Aromatic Foliage or Scented Flowers

Bedding Plant Use

Flowers with 2 Petals

Flowers with 3 Petals

Flowers with
4 Petals

Flowers with 5 Petals

Flowers with 6 Petals

Flowers with more than 6 Petals

Use in Hanging Baskets

Flower Simple Shape

Shape of
Stars

Shape of
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Shape of
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Shape of
Trumpets and Funnels

Shape of
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

Use in Pots and Troughs

Flower Elabo-rated Shape

Shape of
Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Shape of
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Shape of
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

 

Use in
Screen-ing

Use in
Window Boxes

Shape of
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

Shape of
Discs and Florets

Shape of
Pin-Cushions and Tufts

Shape of
Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

 

Use in Bedding Out

Use in
Filling In

Biennial for

Cottage and Other Gardens
1
, 2

Cut Flower with Biennials for Rock Work from 1916

Patio Con-tainers with Biennials for Pots in Green-house / Con-servatory

Bene-ficial to Wildlife with Purple and Blue Flowers from 1916

Scent with Biennials for Sunny Banks or Borders from 1916

 

 

Bulb for
--------------
Explan-ation Intro to Bulbs
--------------
725 Blue, White, Yellow, Unusual Colour, or Red-Purple-Pink flowering Bulbs in each month they flower.

Indoor Bulbs for
Dec-ember
January
February

Indoor Bulbs for
March
April
May

Indoor
Bulbs for
June
July
August

Indoor Bulbs for Sep-tember
October
November

Bulbs in Window-boxes
1
, 2

Bulbs in the Border

Bulbs natural-ised in Grass

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Dec-Jan
Feb-Mar

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Apr-May
Jun-Aug 1, 2, 3, 4

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Sep-Oct
Nov-Dec

Any Plant Type Blooming in Smallest of Gardens

Bulbs for the Bulb Frame

Bulbs in the Wood-land Garden

Bulbs in the Rock Garden

Bulbs in Green-house or Stove

Achi-menes, Alocasias, Amorpho-phalluses, Aris-aemas, Arums, Begonias, Bomar-eas, Calad-iums

Clivias,
Colo-casias, Crinums, Cyclam-ens, Cyrt-anthuses, Euchar-ises, Urceo-charis, Eurycles

Freesias, Gloxinias, Hae-manthus, Hipp-eastrums

Lachen-alias, Nerines, Lycorises, Pen-cratiums, Hymen-ocallises, Richardias, Sprekelias, Tuberoses, Vallotas, Watsonias, Zephy-ranthes

Bulbs in Bowls

Bulbs in the Alpine House

Hardy Bulbs

Aconitum, Allium, Alstroe-meria, Anemone 1, 1a

Amaryllis, Antheri-cum, Antholy-zas, Apios, Arisaema, Arum, Aspho-deline,

Aspho-delus, Belam-canda, Bloom-eria, Brodiae, Bulbo-codium

Calo-chorti, Cyclo-bothras, Camassia, Col-chicum, Con-vallaria,
Forcing Lily of the Valley, Corydalis, Crinum, Crosmia, Mon-tbretia , Crocus

Cyclamen, Dicentra, Dierama, Eranthis, Eremurus, Ery-thrnium, Eucomis

Fritillaria, Funkia, Gal-anthus, Galtonia, Gladiolus, Hemero-callis

Hya-cinth, Hya-cinths in Pots,
Scilla, Pusch-kinia, Chion-odoxa, Chiono-scilla, Muscari

Iris,
Kniphofia, Lapey-rousia, Leucojum

Lilium,

Lilium in Pots, Malvastrum, Merendera, Milla, Narcissus, Narcissi in Pots

Orni-thogalum, Oxalis, Paeonia, Ran-unculus, Romulea, Sanguin-aria,
Stern-bergia,
Schi-zostylis, Teco-philaea, Trillium

Tulip,
Zephy-ranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs

Acidan-thera, Albuca, Alstroe-meri, Andro-stephium, Bassers, Boussing-aultias, Bravoas, Cypellas, Dahlias, Galaxis,
Geis-sorhizas, Hesper-anthas

Gladioli, Ixias,
Sparaxises, Babianas, Morphixias, Tritonias

Ixio-lirions, Moraeas, Orni-thogal-ums, Oxalises, Phaedra-nassas,
Pan-cratiums, Tigridias, Zephyr-anthes, Cooper-ias

Bulbs for Bedding

Plant each Bedding Plant with a Ground, Edging or Dot Plant for
Spring
1
, 2
or
Summer
1
, 2

Climber 3 sector Vertical Plant System with

Any Plant Type flowers in
Jan,
Feb,
Mar,
Apr,
May 1, 2
Jun,
Jul,
Aug,
Sep,
Oct,
Nov,
Dec
 

----------
Choosing the right Plant

1a.
The Base -
Base of Wall Plants

1b.
Annuals

1c.
Herbs and Vege-tables

1d.
Cut
flowers, Cut Foliage

1e.
Scented flower or foliage

1f.
Foliage use only

 

2a. 1,2,3,4
The Prime - Wall Shrubs

2b.
Fruit trees

3a.
The Higher Reaches -
House-wall Ramblers

3b. 1,2
Non-House-Wall - Climbing Twiners

3c.
Non-House-Wall - Self-clinging Climbers

Raised
Bed
for Wheel-chair Users

Plants for Wildlife-Use as well

Fastest Covering

Least prot-ruding growth when fan-trained

1, 2
Evergreen

Use as
Hedge

Exposed Positions

Use as Ground-cover

1,2
Ornam-ental Fruit

Scented Flowers

1, 2
Autumn Foliage Colour

Winter Bark

Winter and Early Spring Flowers

Summer Colour or Shape of Foliage

Edible Fruit

Needs Conserv-atory or Green-house

Large
Pots and Con-tainers
1
, 2

Cut Flowers

Attractive to Bees

Climber - Simple Flower Shape

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1b1
Stars

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1a1a1a
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1a1a1a1a
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord2a1a1
Trumpets and Funnels

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1
Salver-form

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14q1a1a1a
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

 

Climber - Elabo-rated Flower Shape

prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1
Tubes, Lips and Straps

aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a1a1
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14u1a1a1a1
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14v1a1a1a
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a1
Disks and Florets

androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1a1
Pin-cushions, Tufts, Petal-less and Cushions

armeriaflomaritimakevock1a1a
Umbels, Buttons and Pompoms

 

STAGE 4A 12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Brown

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Cream

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
White

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1 Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Multi-Colou-red

1
Each Flower Diff-

1
erent Colour

 

STAGE 4B 12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
Deciduous Shrubs or Trees, Herbaceous Perennials or Bulbs- if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.
Evergreen Shrubs or Trees, Evergreen Perennials - if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.

Jan Win

Feb Win

Mar Spr

Apr Spr

May Spr

Jun Sum

Jul Sum

Aug Sum

Sep Aut

Oct Aut

Nov Aut

Dec Win

Decid
Herba

Ever-green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Black

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Bronze

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Grey

1
White

1
Silver

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Varie-gated

1

1

1

1

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


Site design and content copyright ©April 2016.
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Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders - was first published in 1977 and this paperback edition was published on 1 August 1994 ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-
This comprehensive book looks at scented flowers and leaves of plants from all over the world. The work has been prepared to the standards of the Index Kewensis, and is filled with the most interesting facts about the scented flora of the world.

I am using the above book from someone who took 30 years to compile it from notes made of his detailed observations of growing plants in preference to
The RHS Companion to Scented Plants Hardcover – 16 Oct 2014 by Stephen Lacey (Author), Andrew Lawson (Photographer) ISBN 978-0-7112-3574-8 even though this is the only major reference work on scent and scented plants which is endorsed by the Royal Horticultural Society. See reasons for stopping infilling of previous Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page.

The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950 by Faber and Faber Limited describes every method of propagation for 2,500 species. Unlike modern books published since 1980, this one states exactly what to do and is precisely what you require if you want to increase your alpines.

Topic
Case Studies
Companion Planting

...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design

...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants

...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
Bulb
Climber

 

Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12

All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index

All Foliage 212
All Spring Foliage 212

All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212
Rock Plant Flowers 53

 

Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
...Infill Plants *
...Infill2 Plants
...Infill3 Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...All2 Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

 

Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods

Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable

Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

 

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY

 

Cultivation Requirements of Plant

Outdoor / Garden Cultivation

1

Indoor / House Cultivation

1

Cool Greenhouse (and Alpine House) Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter

1

Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year

1

Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

1

 

Sun Aspect

Full Sun

1

Part Shade

1

Full Shade

1

 

Soil Type

Any Soil

1

Chalky Soil

1

Clay Soil

1

Lime-Free Soil

1

Peaty Soil

1

Sandy Soil

1

Acid Soil

1

Alkaline Soil

1

Badly-drained Soil

1

 

Soil Moisture

Dry

1

Moist

1

Wet

1

 

Position for Plant

Back of Shady Border

1

Back of Shrub Border

1

Bedding

1

Bog Garden

1

Coastal Conditions / Seaside

1

Container in Garden

1

Front of Border

1

Ground Cover 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

1

Ground Cover 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

1

Ground Cover Over 72 inches (180 cms)

1

Hanging Basket

1

Hedge

1

Hedge - Thorny

1

Pollution Barrier

1

Pond

1

Pot in House, Greenhouse, Conservatory or Stovehouse

1

Raised Bed

1

Rest of Border

1

Rock Garden

1

Scree Bed

1

Speciman on Lawn

1

Sunny Border

1

Tree for Lawn

1

Tree for Small Garden

1

Wildflower

1

Windbreak

1

Woodland

1

 

Use of Plant

Pollen or nectar for Bees

1

Hosts to Butterflies

1

Encouraging birds / wildlife, providing food and shelter

1

Bee-Pollinated plants for Hay Fever Sufferers

1

Berries / Fruit

1

Dry Site in Full Sun

1

Dry Shade

1

Filtering noise

1

Flower Arrange-ments

1

Fragrant Flower

1

Language of Flowers

1

Low maintenance

1

Moist Shade

1

Moist and swampy Sites

1

Nitrogen fixing plants

1

Not Fragrant Flower

1

Rabbit-Resistant

1

Speciman Plant

1

Thornless

1

Tolerant of Poor Soil

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Plant Foliage

Aromatic Foliage

1

Autumn Foliage

1

Finely Cut Leaves

1

Large Leaves

1

Yellow Variegated Foliage

1

White Variegated Foliage

1

Red / Purple Variegated Foliage

1

Silver, Grey and Glaucous Foliage

1

Sword-shaped Leaves

1

 

 

Flower Shape

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less
lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

1 Petal

1

2 Petals

1

3 Petals
irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

4 Petals
aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

5 Petals
anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Above 5
anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars
anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bowls
 

1

Cups and Saucers
euphorbiacflo1wallichiigarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Globes
paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Goblets and Chalices
paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Trumpets
acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Funnels
stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bells
digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Thimbles
fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Urns
ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Salverform

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

Flower Shape - Elaborated

Tubes, Lips and Straps
prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets
aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Hats, Hoods and Helmets
acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Standards, Wings and Keels
lathyrusflotvernus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Discs and Florets
brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pin-Cushions
echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Tufts
centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Cushion
androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Umbel
agapanthuscflos1campanulatusalbidusgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Buttons
argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pompoms
armeriacflomaritimakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Natural Arrangements

Bunches, Posies, Sprays
bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Columns, Spikes and Spires
ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Whorls, Tiers and Candelabra
lamiumflotorvala2a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Plumes and Tails
astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Chains and Tassels
 

1

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades
 

1

Spheres, Domes (Clusters), Plates and Drumsticks
androsacecfor1albanakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Shrub, Tree Shape

Columnar
ccolumnarshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Oval
covalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Rounded or Spherical
croundedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Flattened Spherical
cflattenedsphericalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Conical / Narrow Pyramidal
cnarrowconicalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Conical / Broad Pyramidal
cbroadpyramidalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Ovoid /
Egg-Shaped

ceggshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Ovoid
cbroadovoidshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Vase-shaped / Inverted Ovoid
cnarrowvaseshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Fan-Shaped /Vase-Shaped
cfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Fan-Shaped / Broad Vase-Shaped
cbroadfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Weeping
cnarrowweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Weeping
cbroadweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Palm

1

 

Conifer Cone

1

 

Form

Arching

1

Climbing

1

Clump-Forming

1

Mat-Forming

1

Mound-Forming

1

Prostrate

1

Spreading

1

Stemless

1

Upright

1

 

Poisonous Plant

1

 

STAGE 1
GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark
1
, 2, 3

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2

Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

Scented Aquatic Plants
1


Plants with Scented Fruits
1


Plants with Scented Roots
1
, 2

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood
1


Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums
1


Scented Cacti and Succulents
1


Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell
1
, 2
 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 3

Fan-trained Shape
fantrainedshape2a1a1a

From Rhododendrons, boxwood, azaleas, clematis, novelties, bay trees, hardy plants, evergreens : novelties bulbs, cannas novelties, palms, araucarias, ferns, vines, orchids, flowering shrubs, ornamental grasses and trees book, via Wikimedia Commons

 

Ramblers Scramblers & Twiners by Michael Jefferson-Brown (ISBN 0 - 7153 - 0942 - 0) describes how to choose, plant and nurture over 500 high-performance climbing plants and wall shrubs, so that more can be made of your garden if you think not just laterally on the ground but use the vertical support structures including the house as well.

The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A Guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. (ISBN 0-670-82929-3) provides the lists for 'Choosing the right Shrub or Climber' together with Average Height and Spread after 5 years, 10 years and 20 years.

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3


Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club.
Published in 1962. It provides most of the data about the Alpines.

Plant Solutions 1000+ suggestions for every garden situation by Nigel Colborn ISBN
13:978
0 00 719312 7, provides many of the plants for the pages in these Galleries.

Essential Annuals The 100 Best for Design and Cultivation. Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell. ISBN 0-517-66177-2, provides data about annuals.

Indoor Bulb
Growing by
Edward Pearson
. Published by Purnell & Sons, Ltd in 1953. It provides the data about Indoor Bulbs and Bulbs in
Window-boxes.

Colour All The
Year In My Garden
: A selection of choice varieties - annuals, biennials, perennials, bulbs, climbers and trees and shrubs - that will give a continuity of colour
in the garden throughout the year. Edited by C.H. Middleton. Gardening Book
from Ward, Lock & Co published in 1938, provides plant data for a calendar of plants in bloom throughout the year and for those in the smallest garden.
The Book of Bulbs by S. Arnott, F.R.H.S. Printed by
Turnbull & Spears, Edinburgh in 1901. This provides data about Hardy Bulbs, Half-Hardy Bulbs, Greenhouse and Stove Bulbs.

Collins Guide to
Bulbs by Patrick
M. Synge
. ISBN
0 00 214016-0
First Edition 1961, Second Edition 1971, Reprinted 1973. This provides data on bulbs for bedding, bulbs in the border, bulbs naturalised in grass, bulbs in the woodland garden, bulbs in the rock garden, bulbs in pans in the alpine house, bulbs in the greenhouse, bulbs in bowls and the bulb frame.

Annuals & Biennials, the best annual and biennial plants and their uses in the garden by Gertrude Jekyll published in 1916 and
republished by Forgotten Books in 2012
(Forgotten Books
is a London-based book publisher specializing in the restoration of old books, both fiction and non-fiction. Today we have
372,702 books available to read online, download as ebooks, or
purchase in print.).

Cut Flowers All The Year from The New Illustrated
Gardening Encyclopedia
by Richard Sudell, printed before May 1935 for the plant names in each month, followed by details for culture and propagation.

Mr. Middleton's Garden Book by
Daily Express Publication,
reprinted 1941
for the individual
cultivar names with evergreen/
deciduous, flower colour, flower month and height.

 

 

The following table shows the linkages for the information about the plants
described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening in The Gardeners' Golden Treasury, revised by A. G. L Hellyer F.L.S, Editor of 'Amateur Gardening', (thirty-first impression of original published in 1895) was published in 1960 by W. H. & L. Collingridge Limited,
between:-

  • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery (in this Table) and Stage 1 Fragrant Plants (in Table on left), then
  • Stage 2 - 3 Infill Plants Index Galleries (in Table on right), then
  • Stage 3a - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2 (in this Table)
  • Stage 3b - All2 Plants Index Gallery for Alpines without a Garden for your health and productivity (in this Table)
  • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right)
  • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right) with
    column for Deciduous / Herbaceous plants with the same foliage colour during their growing season and
    column for Evergreen plants with the same foliage colour during the entire year
  • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery (in Table on left)
  • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery (in Table on left)

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
It would be useful if when you decide to change your garden that you use a uniform garden style throughout your garden and the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY aims to provide pointers.
The new pages (April 2016) in the gallery will have a suitable list of plants on each page (as that plant gets further detailed in the ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY), then each row containing that plant name in the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY will also be updated. I aim to input details of plants starting with A in alphabetical order to Z.

Private Garden Design:-
What is your Budget and What are the purposes for your garden?
Designing for a purpose: Areas which require answers before answering your Designing for a Purpose Questionaire.
Then, do the Site Survey with Photographs, before putting the Current Garden Design on paper or in your computer.
Using the Broad Design elements of Scale, which Garden Style to use:-
Low Maintenance Garden Style, Cottage Garden Style, Wildlife Garden Style or Japanese Garden Style and the
Hard and Soft Landscaping elements, create the Broad Proposed Design. Then, the Detailed Design of each Hard Landscaping item followed by the Soft Landscaping elements: The Soil, changing the Microclimate; and the
Plant Selection is influenced by the Colour Wheel, with Plant Quantities determined by time to establish versus width between plants and Companion Planting will provide helpful neighbouring plants
or
Click on text in cells below to jump to that page describing that data
.

 


Container

Gardening at my work-place

 

<----

 

Yes
|
v


Do you want to garden and grow plants?

 

No

Cannot be bothered.
If you wish to improve your productivity and health, then, plant an Alpine Pan in your work area or at home using the information within Alpines without a Garden by Lawrence D. Hills, using these pages:-


Potted
House-plant


<----
|
|
v


No
Garden

At Home with Gard-ening Area


Yes


---->

Balcony Garden or Roof Garden


Yes
---->

Grow flowers for flower arranging and vegetables on Balcony Garden or Roof Garden

 

STAGE 3b
ALL2 PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

|
v


Conservatory Gardening

|
<--
|

 


No
---->

Outside Garden
|
v

Plants for the pan garden

The beginner's dozen for the small pan

 


Stovehouse for Tropical Plants

|
<--

An extra dozen for the larger pan

Kinds that may be split up and tucked in Corners and Crevices

|
|
v

Miniature trees and shrubs

The leafy soil pan

The gritty soil pan

The Limy Soil Plan

Blue Flower Colour Pan Plants

Lilac, Violet and Purple Flower Colour Pan Plants

Reds, Carm-ines Flower Colour Pan Plants

Pinks Flower Colour Pan Plants

White Flower Colour Pan Plants and Bicol-ored

Yellow Flower Colour Pan Plants

Blue Flower Colour Trough Plants

Violet, Lilac and Purple Flower Colour Trough Plants

|
|
v

Reds and Carm-ines Flower Colour Trough Plants

Pinks - all shades Flower Colour Trough Plants

Yellow Flower Colour Trough Plants

White and Cream Flower Colour Trough Plants

Bi-colour-ed Flower Colour Trough Plants

Feb Flower Season Pan

Mar Flower Season Pan

Apr Flower Season Pan

May Flower Season Pan

Jun Flower Season Pan

Jul Flower Season Pan

Aug Flower Season Pan

Sep Flower Season Pan

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Pan

Nov Flower Season Pan

Pans for Semi-shade

Pans for In-doors

Mini-ature Pot

Feb Flower Season Trough

Mar Flower Season Trough

Apr Flower Season Trough

May Flower Season Trough

Jun Flower Season Trough

Jul Flower Season Trough

Aug Flower Season Trough

Sep Flower Season Trough

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Trough

Nov Flower Season Trough

Dec Flower Season Trough

Bulb Pan

Bulb Cover-ing Carp-eters

Trough and Window-box plants 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Alpines without a Garden

ABC 1

DEF 1

GHI 1

JKL 1

|
|
v

MNO 1

PQR 1

STU 1

V 1

WXYZ 1

You need to know the following:-
1. How much time per week are you prepared to look after your garden or prepared to pay someone else to do it for you?
2. How much are you are prepared to spend on creating your garden and then on its maintenance for its feeding and replacement of its plants and hard landscaping?
3. In order for you to go into your garden, there must be mystery in it, so that from any position in the house you cannot see all the garden, otherwise you will not be tempted to go out into it.
4. You must decide what garden style you are going to use THROUGHOUT the garden and make sure of using 3. the mystery in it as well.
5. What plants do you want to keep in your existing garden and incorporate into your new garden?
6. What Human Problems do you have and what Site Problems are there?

A) Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers List leads onto the
B) Bee Pollinated Bloom in Month galleries and
C) extra Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers.


<----

Human Prob-lems
v


---->

Blind,
Deaf,
in a Wheelchair, or
you cannot bend easily

 

 

 

Garden Style, which takes into account the Human Problems above

 

 

Classic Mixed Style


<----

Cottage Garden Style


<----

.
v


---->

Naturalistic Style

Formal English Garden

 

Mediterranean Style


<----

Meadow and Corn-field


<----

.
.
v


---->

Paving and Gravel inland,
Coastal Conditions near the sea, Seashore with shingle/sand

 

 

 

 

Problem Sites within your chosen Garden Style from the above

 

 

Exposure to Wind


<----

Excess Shade


<----

Exce-ssively Dry Shade


<----


<----

.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Exce-ssively Hot, Sunny and Dry Site is suitable for Drought Resistant Plants

Excessively Wet Soil - especially when caused by poor drainage

Control of Pests (Aphids, Rabbits, Deer, Mice, Mole, Snails) / Disease by Companion Planting in Garden

Whether your Heavy Clay or Light Sandy / Chalk Soil is excessively Alkaline (limy) / Acidic or not, then there is an Action Plan for you to do with your soil, which will improve its texture to make its structure into a productive soil instead of it returning to being just sand, chalk, silt or clay.


<----

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Problems caused by builders:- 1. Lack of soil on top of builders rubble in garden of just built house.
2. Clay soil of Garden slopes towards house with no drainage of this rainwater by the house wall.

In planning your beds for your garden, before the vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman planting is inserted into your soft landscaping plan, the following is useful to consider:-
1. The ground plan usually depends upon 1 or more unalterable existing features. The position of the doors of the house will dictate the positions of paths, the shortest route to the kitchen may indicate the best place for a paved area for eating and drinking out of doors, or the kept trees/shrubs may indicate what garden style is used.
2. Rules of Proportion -
A. A border should be roughly 1/2 as wide as the hedge or wall behind it.
B. The proportion of planted areas to paved or turfed areas should be 1/3 to 2/3, or a 1/4 to 3/4, not 1/2 and 1/2.
C. Within a bed or border, unless a 2-dimensional pattern on the ground is the objective, the height and bulk of the plants should be varied to avoid monotony; it is particularly important to provide strong planting, in terms of either height or bulk or both, at either end of a long bed.
D. The ground surface provides a background to the plants that is as important as the hedges, walls or fences that surround it. Grass is perhaps the most satisfying carpet to use, the cool green forming a restful antidote to the dancing colours of the flowers. Use different coloured pea-shingle inside Cedar Gravel for people in wheelchairs, or infirm in their legs or who suffer from Hay Fever.

Reasons for stopping infilling of Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page. From September 2017 will be creating the following new pages on Sense of Fragrance using Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders.
ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-

 

 

 

|
v

 

 

 

 

 

After you have selected your vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman plants for each bed or border, you will need to infill with plants taking the following into account:-

 

 

 

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark 1, 2, 3
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Sandy Soil 1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves 1, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit 1, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants 1, 2
Scented Aquatic Plants.
Plants with Scented Fruits.
Plants with Scented Roots 1, 2
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.
Scented Cacti and Succulents.
Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell 1, 2

Flower Perfume Group:-
Miscellaneous Group with scents - Balm, Brandy, Cedar, Cloying, Cowslip, Cucumber, Damask Rose, Daphne, Exotic, Freesia, Fur-like, Gardenia, Hay-like, Heliotrope, Honeysuckle, Hops, Hyacinth, Incense-like, Jasmine, Laburnham, Lilac, Lily of the Valley, Meadowsweet, Mignonette, Mint, Mossy, Muscat, Muscatel, Myrtle-like, Newly Mown Hay, Nutmeg, Piercing, Primrose, Pungent, Resinous, Sandalwood, Sassafras, Seductive, Slight, Soft, Stephanotis, Sulphur, Starch, Sweet, Sweet-briar, Tea-rose, Treacle and Very Sweet.

Flower Perfume Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group with scent - Hawthorn.
Heavy Group with scents -
Jonquil and
Lily.
Aromatic Group with scents - Almond,
Aniseed, Balsamic,
Carnation, Cinnamon, Clove,
Spicy and
Vanilla.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group with scent -
Verbena.
Fruit-scented Group with scents -
Apricot,
Fruity,
Green Apple,
Orange, Pineapple,
Ripe Apple , Ripe Banana and
Ripe Plum.
 

Flower Perfume Group:-
Animal-scented Group with scents -
Cat,
Dog,
Ferret,
Fox,
Goat,
Human Perspiration,
Musk,
Ripe Apple and
Tom Cat.
Honey Group.
Unpleasant Smell Group with scents -
Animal,
Fetid,
Fishy,
Foxy,
Fur-like,
Garlic,
Hemlock,
Manure,
Nauseating,
Perspiration,
Petrol,
Putrid,
Rancid,
Sickly,
Skunk,
Stale Lint
Sulphur and
Urinous,

Leaf Perfume Group:-
Turpentine Group.
Camphor and Eucalyptus Group.
Mint Group.
Sulphur Group.
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Heavy Group.
Aromatic Group.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group.
Fruit-scented Group.
Animal-scented Group.
Honey Group.

Scent of Wood, Bark and Roots Group:-
Aromatic Group.
Turpentine Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Stale Perspiration Group.

 

Scent of Fungi Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Sulphur Group.
Aromatic Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Fruit Group.
Animal Group.
Honey Group

Sense of Sight

Emotion of
Hot /Cool; Calm / Agitated

Emotion of
Low-key / High Key


<----

.
.
.
v

Emotion of
Inviting
/ Forbidding

Emotion of Intellectual versus Emotional

Sense of Touch

Sense of Taste

Sense of Sound

 

 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 for
lists of plants of 1 plant type for 1 cultivation requirement is in Table on right

 

 

 

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
Click on Blue or underlined text to jump to page comparing flower thumbnails of that blue colour in the
Other Plant Photo Galleries. RedPP is Red, Pink, Purple and Other is Unusual or Other Flower Colour.

Plant Type
with links to Other Plant Photo Galleries

ABC

DEF

GHI

JKL

MNO

PQR

STU

VWX

YZ

Alpine in Evergreen Perennial,
Herbaceous Perennial and Rock Garden

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Aquatic

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Annual/ Biennial

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Bamboo

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Bedding,
RHS Mixed Border Beds and
Flower Shape

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Blue

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Green

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Orange

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Pink

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RedPP

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Purple

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White

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Yellow

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Bicolour

Other Flower Colours

White / Colour Bicolour

Bulb,
Allium / Anemone, Colchicum / Crocus, Dahlia, Gladiolus, Narcissus and Tulip

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Blue

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RedPP

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White

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Yellow

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Other

Climber

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Blue

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Orange

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Pink

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RedPP

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White

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Yellow

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Other

Conifer

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Deciduous Shrub

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Blue

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RedPP

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White

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Yellow

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Other

Deciduous Tree

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Evergreen Perennial

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Blue

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RedPP

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White

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Yellow

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Other

Evergreen Shrub , Semi-Evergreen Shrub and Heather

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Blue

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RedPP

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White

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Yellow

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Other

Evergreen Tree

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Fern

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Grass

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Herbaceous Perennial and
RHS Mixed Border Beds

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Blue

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RedPP

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White

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Yellow

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Other

Herb

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Odds and Sods

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Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia

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Rose

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Orange

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Pink

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RedPP

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White

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Yellow

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Other

Soft Fruit

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Sub-Shrub

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Top Fruit

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Vegetable

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Wildflower with
Plants used by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterflies in the UK

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Blue

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Green

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Orange

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Pink

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Red

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Purple

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White

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Yellow

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Multi-colour

Cream

Mauve

Brown

Shrub and Small Tree

Botanical Names Page

Common Names Page

Finally, you might be advised to check that the adjacent plants to the one you have chosen for that position in a flower bed are suitable; by checking the entry in Companion Planting - like clicking A page for checking Abies - and Pest Control page if you have a pest to control in this part of the flower bed.
Companion Planting
- A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
Pest Control using Plants

 

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
The planning a Rose Garden chapter from Rose Gardens by Jane Fearnley-Whitingstall ISBN 0 7011 3344 9 and
Plant Solutions by Nigel Colborn provides information for this gallery.

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 Reference books for these galleries in Table on left

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
In addition to these 10 galleries, there are links to the Other Plant Photo Galleries in the table above like Bulb , which have plant descriptions accessed by clicking a flower thumbnail in its flower comparison page. Click the respective flower colour - like Green - to change page to that flower colour comparison page. Then, you can also choose these other plants.
It will also state the Plant Combinations for each plant from The Ulimate Visual Guide to Successful Plant Harmony - The Encyclopedia of Planting Combinations by Tony Lord ISBN 1-55209-623-8

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY
Some extra details about the Cultivation Requirements of Plant:- Outdoor /Garden Cultivation, Indoor / House Cultivation, Cool Green-house Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter, Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year, and Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

Since 2006, I have requested photos etc from the Mail-Order Nurseries in the UK and later from the rest of the World. Few nurseries have responded.
I worked for a lady, who with her husband took 35 mm slides of plants in the 1960's and 1970's. She allowed me to digitise some of her Kodachrome slides, which I have used in my website. I discovered that at least the green colour of the foliage became very much darker over that period of years to 2008, by comparing wildflower photos from her slides with digital photos supplied by a current Wildflower mail-order nursery, so I stopped creating my Foliage Galleries.
I bought myself a camera some years ago and started taking photos, some of which have been put into the website. I started taking photos of the Heathers at the Royal Horticultural Society at Wisley garden. I have displayed the Heathers foliage in closeup since their leaves are 2mm long and in macro-scale in the Heather Galleries - sometimes the foliage colour at the terminal end of the foliage stem is only a few leaves, whereas others have the same foliage colour throughout the stem. I discovered that some of the heathers did not have the correct plant label, since the flower colour did not correspond with the flower colour in the literature. I was informed that since kids have free rein, that perhaps they move the plant labels. Since, I cannot rely that the heather plant label next to the heather plant is valid, I have stopped taking photos of those heathers.
This leaves a small problem, especially since very few gardens open to the public have their plants labelled so that the public can use the data on their label to buy that named plant from a nursery or garden centre. Currently (June 2018) I insert photos from Wikimedia Commons as well as my own.
I have found the above book - which does not contain any colour plant photos. Since it had the following experts help in creating it, I have decided to use its information in these 10 galleries to help the public:-

  • T.W. Sanders Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1895.
  • A.J Macself Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1926 - both Sanders and Macself had worked entirely to the handlists published by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • A.G.L. Hellyer in this work of revision and also in checking the all-important cultural notes sought the help of experts in the various classes of plant:-
    • Mr S.A. Pearce, Assistant Curator at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew undertook the revision of those genera of plants which in this country are mainly grown under glass.
    • Mr Will Ingwersen dealt with the Rock plants,
    • Mr N. Catchpole made himself responsible for trees and shrubs;
    • Mr G.A Phillips for herbaceous plants,
    • Mrs Francis Perry for water plants,
    • Mr A.J. Macself for ferns,
    • Mr E. Cooper for orchids,
    • Mr J.S Dakers for annuals,
    • Miss Doreen Crowther for fruit and vegetables

with the aid of further information from other books, magazines and cross-checking on the internet.
In this edition of the book Sander's Encyclopaedia, the individual soil mixtures to grow plants have been retained, for it was considered that many gardeners might still wish to use them in certain circumstances. The John Innes mixtures may be substituted wherever desired. Details of these individual mixtures will be put into these galleries.

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