Ivydene Gardens Infill Plants Index Gallery:
Alpine - The Alpine Border

Topic
Case Studies
Companion Planting
Garden Construction
Garden Design
Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants
Soil
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
Bulb
Climber

 

Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12

All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index

All Foliage 212
All Spring Foliage 212

All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212
Rock Plant Flowers 53

 

Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
...
Infill Plants *
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

 

Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods

Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable

Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

 

Cultivation Requirements of Plant

Outdoor / Garden Cultivation

1

Indoor / House Cultivation

 

Cool Greenhouse (and Alpine House) Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter

1

Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year

1

Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

1

 

Sun Aspect

Full Sun

1

Part Shade

1

Full Shade

1

 

Soil Type

Any Soil

1

Chalky Soil

1

Clay Soil

1

Lime-Free Soil

 

Peaty Soil

1

Sandy Soil

1

Acid Soil

1

Alkaline Soil

1

Badly-drained Soil

 

 

Soil Moisture

Dry

1

Moist

1

Wet

1

 

Position for Plant

Back of Shady Border

 

Back of Shrub Border

1

Bedding

1

Bog Garden

 

Coastal Conditions / Seaside

1

Container in Garden

1

Front of Border

1

Ground Cover 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

1

Ground Cover 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

1

Ground Cover Over 72 inches (180 cms)

 

Hanging Basket

 

Hedge

1

Hedge - Thorny

 

Pollution Barrier

 

Pond

 

Pot in House, Greenhouse, Conservatory or Stovehouse

1

Raised Bed

 

Rest of Border

1

Rock Garden

1

Scree Bed

1

Speciman on Lawn

 

Sunny Border

1

Tree for Lawn

 

Tree for Small Garden

1

Wildflower

1

Windbreak

 

Woodland

1

 

Use of Plant

Pollen or nectar for Bees

1

Hosts to Butterflies

1

Encouraging birds / wildlife, providing food and shelter

1

Bee-Pollinated plants for Hay Fever Sufferers

1

Berries / Fruit

 

Dry Site in Full Sun

1

Dry Shade

 

Filtering noise

 

Flower Arrange-ments

 

Fragrant Flower

1

Language of Flowers

 

Low maintenance

1

Moist Shade

 

Moist and swampy Sites

 

Nitrogen fixing plants

 

Not Fragrant Flower

1

Rabbit-Resistant

 

Speciman Plant

1

Thornless

 

Tolerant of Poor Soil

1

 

Plant Foliage

Aromatic Foliage

 

Autumn Foliage

 

Finely Cut Leaves

1

Large Leaves

 

Yellow Variegated Foliage

1

White Variegated Foliage

1

Red / Purple Variegated Foliage

 

Silver, Grey and Glaucous Foliage

1

Sword-shaped Leaves

 

 

 

Flower Shape

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less
 

1

1 Petal

 

2 Petals

 

3 Petals
 

1

4 Petals
 

1

5 Petals
 

1

Above 5
 

1

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars
 

1

Bowls
 

 

Cups and Saucers
 

1

Globes
 

 

Goblets and Chalices
 

 

Trumpets
 

1

Funnels
 

1

Bells
 

1

Thimbles
 

 

Urns
 

 

Salverform

 

 

Flower Shape - Elaborated

Tubes, Lips and Straps
 

 

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets
 

 

Hats, Hoods and Helmets
 

 

Standards, Wings and Keels
 

 

Discs and Florets
 

 

Pin-Cushions
 

 

Tufts
 

 

Cushion
 

 

Umbel
 

1

Buttons
 

 

Pompoms
 

 

 

Natural Arrangements

Bunches, Posies, Sprays
 

1

Columns, Spikes and Spires
 

 

Whorls, Tiers and Candelabra
 

1

Plumes and Tails
 

 

Chains and Tassels
 

1

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades
 

 

Spheres, Domes and Plates
 

 

 

Shrub, Tree Shape

Columnar
 

1

Oval
 

1

Rounded or Spherical
 

 

Flattened Spherical
 

1

Narrow Conical / Narrow Pyramidal
 

1

Broad Conical / Broad Pyramidal
 

1

Ovoid /
Egg-Shaped
 

 

Broad Ovoid
 

 

Narrow Vase-shaped / Inverted Ovoid
 

 

Fan-Shaped /Vase-Shaped
 

 

Broad Fan-Shaped / Broad Vase-Shaped
 

 

Narrow Weeping
 

 

Broad Weeping
 

 

Palm

 

 

Conifer Cone

1

 

Form

Arching

1

Climbing

 

Clump-Forming

1

Mat-Forming

 

Mound-Forming

1

Prostrate

1

Spreading

1

Stemless

 

Upright

1

 

Poisonous Plant

1

 

 

Click on text in cells below to jump to that page detailing those infill plants of that plant type for that Cultivation requirement.

Plant Type
 

 

Alpines for Rock Garden (See Rock Garden Plant Flowers)

Alpine Shrubs and Conifers

The Alpine Meadow
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

The Alpine Border

Alpine Plants for a Purpose

The Alpines that Dislike Lime

Alpines and Walls
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

Alpines and Paving

Sink and Trough gardens

Aquatic
(Water Plants) for

Anti-erosion Riverbank

Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants)

Oxy-genating Weeds

Water Lilies

Floating Plants

Waterside Plants
and Plants for Dry Margins next to a Pond

Wildlife Pond Plants

Annual for

----------------

Plants for Cut Flowers in
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

Exposed Sites

Sheltered Sites with Green-house Annuals from 1916

Extra Poor Soil with Half-Hardy Annuals from 1916

Very Rich Soil with Biennials from 1916

Gap-filling in Mixed Borders with Hardy Annuals from 1916

Patio Containers

Cut Flowers Page 1
Page 2 Everlasting Flowers with Red Flowers from 1916

Attracting beneficial insects

Scent / Fragrance with Annuals for Cool or Shady Places from 1916

Low-allergen Gardens for Hay Fever Sufferers

Annual Plant Pairing Ideas

Low-Growing Annuals

Medium-Growing Annuals

Tall-Growing Annuals with White Flowers from 1916

Black or Brown Flowers

Blue to Purple Flowers

Green Flowers with Annuals and Biennials from 1916

Red to Pink Flowers
Page 1
Page 2

White Flowers

Yellow or Orange Flowers

Decorative Foliage

Moist Soil

Shade

House-plants with Yellow Flowers from 1916

Edging Beds

Hanging Baskets

Vining Annuals

 

Bedding for

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Autumn/ Winter Bedding

Bedding for Light Sandy Soil

Bedding for Acid Soil

Bedding for Chalky Soil

Bedding for Clay Soil

Black Flowers

Blue Flowers

Orange Flowers

Pink Flowers

Long Flowering

Coloured Leaves

Attractive to Wildlife including Bees, Butterflies and Moths

Purple Flowers

Red Flowers

White Flowers

Yellow Flowers

Multi-Coloured Flowers

Aromatic Foliage or Scented Flowers

Bedding Plant Use

Flowers with 2 Petals

Flowers with 3 Petals

Flowers with
4 Petals

Flowers with 5 Petals

Flowers with 6 Petals

Flowers with more than 6 Petals

Use in Hanging Baskets

Flower Simple Shape

Shape of
Stars

Shape of
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Shape of
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Shape of
Trumpets and Funnels

Shape of
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

Use in Pots and Troughs

Flower Elaborated Shape

Shape of
Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Shape of
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Shape of
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

 

Use in
Screening

Use in
Window Boxes

Shape of
Standards, Wings and Keels

Shape of
Discs and Florets

Shape of
Pin-Cushions and Tufts

Shape of
Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

Cut Flowers

Use in Bedding Out

Use in
Filling In

Biennial for

Cottage and Other Gardens

Cut Flower with Biennials for Rock Work from 1916

Patio Containers with Biennials for Pots in Greenhouse / Conservatory

Beneficial to Wildlife with Purple and Blue Flowers from 1916

Scent with Biennials for Sunny Banks or Borders from 1916

 

 

Bulb for
--------------
Explanation Intro to Bulbs
--------------
725 Blue, White, Yellow, Unusual Colour, or Red-Purple-Pink flowering Bulbs in each month they flower.

Indoor Bulbs for
December
January
February

Indoor Bulbs for
March
April
May

Indoor
Bulbs for
June
July
August

Indoor Bulbs for September
October
November

Bulbs in Window-boxes

Bulbs in the Border

Bulbs naturalised in Grass

Plant Bloom Dec-Jan
Feb-Mar

Plant Bloom
Apr-May
Jun-Aug

Plant Bloom
Sep-Oct
Nov-Dec

Plant Bloom Smallest of Gardens

Bulbs for the Bulb Frame

Bulbs in the Woodland Garden

Bulbs in the Rock Garden

Bulbs in Green-house or Stove

Achimenes, Alocasias, Amorpho-phalluses, Arisaemas, Arums, Begonias, Bomareas, Caladiums

Clivias,
Colocasias, Crinums, Cyclamens, Cyrt-anthuses, Eucharises, Urceocharis, Eurycles

Freesias, Gloxinias, Hae-manthus, Hipp-eastrums

Lachenalias, Nerines, Lycorises, Pen-cratiums, Hymen-ocallises, Richardias, Sprekelias, Tuberoses, Vallotas, Watsonias, Zephy-ranthes

Bulbs in Bowls

Bulbs in the Alpine House

Hardy Bulbs

Aconitum, Allium, Alstroe-meria, Anemone

Amaryllis, Antheri-cum, Antholy-zas, Apios, Arisaema, Arum, Aspho-deline,

Aspho-delus, Belam-canda, Bloomeria, Brodiae, Bulbo-codium

Calochorti, Cyclo-bothras, Camassia, Colchicum, Con-vallaria,
Forcing Lily of the Valley, Corydalis, Crinum, Crosmia, Montbretia , Crocus

Cyclamen, Dicentra, Dierama, Eranthis, Eremurus, Erythrnium, Eucomis

Fritillaria, Funkia, Galanthus, Galtonia, Gladiolus, Hemero-callis

Hyacinth, Hyacinths in Pots,
Scilla, Puschkinia, Chionodoxa, Chionoscilla, Muscari

Iris,
Kniphofia, Lapeyrousia, Leucojum

Lilium,

Lilium in Pots, Malvastrum, Merendera, Milla, Narcissus, Narcissi in Pots

Orni-thogalum, Oxalis, Paeonia, Ran-unculus, Romulea, Sanguin-aria,
Stern-bergia,
Schi-zostylis, Teco-philaea, Trillium

Tulip,
Zephy-ranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs

Acidanthera, Albuca, Alstroemeri, Andro-stephium, Bassers, Boussing-aultias, Bravoas, Cypellas, Dahlias, Galaxis,
Geis-sorhizas, Hesper-anthas

Gladioli, Ixias,
Sparaxises, Babianas, Morphixias, Tritonias

Ixiolirions, Moraeas, Orni-thogalums, Oxalises, Phaedra-nassas,
Pan-cratiums, Tigridias, Zephyr-anthes, Cooperias

Bulbs for Bedding

Plant Bedding Spring
Summer

Climber 3 sector Vertical Plant System with flowers in
Jan,
Feb,
Mar,
Apr,
May 1, 2
Jun,
Jul,
Aug,
Sep,
Oct,
Nov,
Dec

----------

Choosing the right Shrub or Climber

1a.
The Base -
Base of Wall Plants

1b.
Annuals

1c.
Herbs and Vegetables

1d.
Cut flowers, Cut Foliage

1e.
Scented flower or foliage

1f.
Foliage use only

 

2a. 1,2,3,4
The Prime - Wall Shrubs

2b.
Fruit trees

3a.
The Higher Reaches -
House-wall Ramblers

3b. 1,2
Non-House-Wall - Climbing Twiners

3c.
Non-House-Wall - Self-clinging Climbers

Raised Bed for Wheelchair Users

Plants for Wildlife-Use as well

Fastest Covering

Least protruding growth when fan-trained

1, 2
Evergreen

Use as
Hedge

Exposed Positions

Use as Groundcover

1,2
Ornam-ental Fruit

Scented Flowers

1, 2
Autumn Foliage Colour

Winter Bark

Winter and Early Spring Flowers

Summer Colour or Shape of Foliage

Edible Fruit

Needs Conservatory or Greenhouse

Large Pots and Containers

Cut Flowers

Attractive to Bees

Climber - Simple Flower Shape

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a
Stars

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1a1
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord2
Trumpets and Funnels

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming
Salverform

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14q1
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

 

Climber - Elaborated Flower Shape

prunellaflotgrandiflora
Tubes, Lips and Straps

aquilegiacfloformosafoord
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14u1a
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14v1a
Standards, Wings and Keels

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock
Disks and Florets

androsacecforyargongensiskevock
Pin-cushions, Tufts, Petal-less and Cushions

armeriaflomaritimakevock
Umbels, Buttons and Pompoms


Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club. Published in 1962. It provides most of the data about the Alpines.

Essential Annuals The 100 Best for Design and Cultivation. Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell. ISBN 0-517-66177-2, provides data about annuals.

Ivydene Gardens Infill Plants Index Gallery:
Alpine - The Alpine Border

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier for you to contact to buy this plant

Flower Colour
and Background Colour nearest to main petal colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Sun Aspect:- Full Sun,
Part Shade, Full Shade

with link to external website for photo/data

Flowering Months in UK

with link to
USA or
Canada
mail-order supplier

Height with Spacings or Width (W) in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour

and Background Colour nearest to middle-aged leaf colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Soil Moisture:-
Dry,
Moist,
Wet

with link to Australia or New Zealand mail-order supplier

Plant Type is:-

A for Aquatic
Ann for Annual / Biennial
Ba for Bamboo
Bu for Bulb
Cl for Climber
Co for Conifer
F for Fern
G for Grass
H for Herb
P for Perennial
Rh for Rhodo-dendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro for Rose
Sh for Shrub
So for Soft Fruit
To for Top Fruit
Tr for Tree
V for Vegetable
W for Wildflower

followed by:-
E for Evergreen,
D for Deciduous,
H for Herbaceous,
Alpine for being an Alpine as well as being 1 of above Plant Type /

 
Acid for Acidic,
Alk for Alkaline,
Any for AnySoil
 

with link to
ALL PLANTS Index Gallery page

Comments

A plant of first-class merit, suggested as 'First Choices'

Adjacent Planting

Plant Associations

It is sad to reflect that in England so few gardens open to the public label their plants or label them so that the label is visible when that plant is in flower, so that visitors can identify; and then later locate and purchase that plant.

Few mail-order nurseries provide the detail as shown in my rose or heather galleries.

If you want to sell a product, it is best to display it. When I sold my Transit van, I removed its signage, cleaned it and took photos of the inside and outside before putting them onto an advert in Autotrader amongst more than 2000 other Transit vans - it was sold in 20 minutes.

If mail-order nurseries could put photos to the same complexity from start of the year to its end with the different foliage colours and stages of flowering on Wikimedia Commons, then the world could view the plant before buying it, and idiots like me would have valid material to work with.

I have been in the trade (until ill health forced my Sole Trader retirement in 2013) working in designing, constructing and maintaining private gardens for decades and since 2005 when this site was started, I have asked any nursery in the world to supply photos. R.V. Roger in Yorkshire allowed me to use his photos from his website in 2007 and when I got a camera to spend 5 days in July 2014 at my expense taking photos of his roses growing in his nursery field, whilst his staff was propagating them. I gave him a copy of those photos.

 

continued from above

The top-soil will have to be prepared as for the rock garden. If there is little or no top-soil, owing to building operations, loam (if you use top-soil from some souces you could end up with couch grass, bindweed, or other pernicious weed seeds as well) should be imported and compounded with peat or leaf-mould, and sand. For the lime-tolerant plants bone-meal (2-3 ounces - 57-85 grammes - per square yard - 0.9144 square metres) and ground limestone (4-6 ounces - 113-170 grammes per square yard) may be added, if the soil is unduly acid. For the alpines which dislike lime, a special bed or portion of a bed must be prepared with lime-free loam, leaf-mould or peat, and sand only.

To give extra rooting depth, efficient drainage and effective display of plants, it is advantageous to raise the alpine border or bed above the general surface level. Where the border backs on to a wall or fence, the soil surface may be finished with a gentle slope. Where access can be gained from both sides or all the way round, the bed should rise to the middle, though not quite with the straight precision of a potato ridge.

At the front the soil may be contained by a single wall of stones, half-sunk in the ground, over which alpine trailers can be allowed to grow. In gardens where they would look appropriate, flints or simulated stone can be used to provide the walling. To be trouble-free, whatever is used must be on a firm foundation, closely placed together and well packed with soil behind. A narrow path with one of its edges being the wall of stones will reduce lawn maintenance time if it will be a lawn next to that wall instead.

This idea of raised beds for alpines may be carried to greater lengths, building the wall higher and bringing the plants nearer for easy attention and viewing. As an alternative to a rock garden on a sloping site, for instance, a series of terraced alpine beds or borders, held by well-constructed walling, may be used.

Narrow borders or small beds can be planted with alpines, chosen to suit the aspect and environmental conditions, on the same plan as used for a herbaceous border. Broadly, the plants should be in groups of 3 or 5 when of restricted cushiony or tufted growth, but spreaders can often be used singly; and their arrangement should place the taller 6-9 inch (15-22.5 cms) species to the back of the border with an overall fall of the height of the plants to the creeping dwarfs at the front. A precise grading in height is not wanted, however, and there must be some irregularity to create light and shade.

In the bigger border or bed, greater irregularity in contour can be allowed, with a group of taller plants jutting forward to enclose a bay of smaller, or to form a key point. Here, too, some means of easy access to the plants will be needed, and this can be provided by irregularly shaped flat stones, 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cms) thick, sunk almost flush with the soil at strategically practical points.

The stones themselves need not be big, no bigger than necessary to take a foot, and may be placed in groups, like broken lozenges, about 0.5-0.7 inches (1-2 cms) apart, well firmed and with interstices filled with coarse sand or fine grit. They can then planted with suitable dwarf alpines that like to get their roots beneath cool stone. In a large area devoted to alpines, a winding pathway of these stones could be used to break it up.

Further variation in height can be cultivated by the judicious siting and planting of dwarf shrubs and conifers. They are usually most effective when placed asymmetrically - to the ends rather than the precise middle, at unequal distances if more than 1 planting is made; and in the middle or front of the border rather than all ranged at the back. Such plants should be placed temporarily in position, viewed at a distance from various points to settle their right place, before being put in.

When an alpine border has been planted up, it is a good plan to cover the soil liberally with stone chippings, graded 0.375-0.125 inch (0.95-0.31 cms). Limestone chippings are suitable for lime-tolerant plants, granite or sandstone for the alpines that dislike lime. The chippings conserve moisture like a mulch, while preventing soil being splashed on to diminutive plants during heavy rain.

Once planted, the only attention the alpine border requires is periodic weeding and occasional replacement of casualties. It is also helpful to cut away spent flowers and curtail the more rampant growers as required. Additional colour can be gained by planting the dwarf bulbs and cormous plants that flower in autumn, winter, spring and summer. A border should go 4 or 5 years before requiring any drastic spring cleaning, such as the removal and replacement of aging specimens, division and remaking. Top ups of the chippings may be required annually.

The choice of plants will be largely dictated by such considerations as exposure to sun and shade, rainfall and soil drainage. Here, it is thought appropriate to list plants which may be relied upon to give fine patches or masses of colourful bloom, with a plant habit that is neat, or easily controlled by trimming immediately after flowering has finished.

Botanical Plant Name

Exposure

Flower Colour and
Flowering Months

Height in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Soil Preference

 

 

 

 

Achillea tomentosa (Woolly Yarrow)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

Yellow
Jun-Aug

9 (22.5)

light

 

Mat-forming, easily grown, silvery-grey evergreen perennials, needing full sun and good drainage. Popagated most easlily by division, early autumn

Woolly foliage, flower heads bright yellow.

There are other achillea used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

achilleacflostomentosaaureawoodcottagenursery
Photo of Achillea tomentosa 'Aurea' from Wood Cottage Nursery

Aethionema coridifolium 'Warley Rose'

Supplier in UK
 

Full Sun

Rose-Pink
May-Jun

6 (15)

average

 

Sub-shrubby perennials for well-drained soil and sunny positions, scree, crevice or all.

Compact, low-growing, covered with rose-pink flowers. Propagated by heeled cuttings in July.

There are other aethionema used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

See Aethionema 'Warley Rose' for further details and photo

Alyssum saxatile (Aurinia saxatilis, Alyssum orientale, Basket of Gold) and varieties

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

Golden-Yellow
Apr-Jun

8 (20)

average

 

Alyssum are perennial herbs, growing easily in full sun, ordinary well-drained soil. Propagated by seeds or heeled cuttings in July-August.

Alyssum saxatile has hoary grey-green foliage and golden-yellow flowers

There are other alyssum used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

See Alyssum saxatile for further details and photos

Arabis albida 'Rosabella' (Alpine rock-cress is a member of the Wildflower Family Crucifer/ Cabbage, Arabis caucasica 'Rosabella')

Supplier in UK - Garden-centre.org: The complete online UK gardening resource.
Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

Soft-Pink
Mar-May

4 (10)

well-drained

 

A genus of easily grown and floriferous herbs, some alpine, and little trouble in ordinary well-drained soil, sun or shade. Easily propagated by stem cuttings taken in August.

Compact, greyish tufted foliage, soft-pink flowers.

There are other arabis used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

 

Arenaria montana (Mountain Sandwort)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun,
Part Shade

White
May-Jul

4 (10)

average

 

A large genus containing some dwarf carpeting plants worth noting.

Deep green foliaged creeper, studded with starry white flowers, June-August

There are other arenaria used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

arenariacflosmontanawoodcottagenursery
Photo from Wood Cottage Nursery

Arenaria purpurascens (Pink Sandwort)

Supplier in UK
Supplier from Belgium
Supplier of seeds worlwide

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Pale Purple
May-Jun

2 (5)

average

 

A large genus containing some dwarf carpeting plants worth noting.

A mat of dark green tufted foliage, pale purple starry flowers, May-June

 

 

Aster alpinus varieties

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

May-Jun

6 (15)

average

 

A very large genus which contributes just a few worthwhile alpines which are easily grown.

Aster alpinus 'Beechwood' , 6 inches (15 cms) high. Mauve-blue flowers, June-July. Full Sun, Propagated by division in August.

Aster flaccidus (Aster purdomii), 9 inches (22.5 cms) high. Pale violet flowers, June-July. Propagate by division.

Aster subcaeruleus, 12 inches (30 cms) high. Mat-forming. Pale blue, yellow-disked flowers, June. Propagated by division.

 

astercflosalpinusgoliathwoodcottagenursery
Photo of Aster alpinus 'Goliath' from Wood Cottage Nursery

Aubrieta in variety

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA
Supplier in USA
Supplier in UK - Wood Cottage Nursery is amazing with its range of
Alpines,
Bamboos,
Clematis,
Climbers,
Ferns,
Fruit Trees and Bushes,
Grasses,
Perennials,
Roses,
Shrubs and
Trees
in a garden with its workforce of 2. If you want high qualty plants for your garden, visit this nursery once each month of the year and attempt to restrict your purchases to what will fit into your vehicle.

Full Sun

Apr-Jul

6 (15)

average

 

For alpine gardening, chiefly confined to hybrid forms of Aubretia deltoides. Excellent for spring colour, easily grown in well-drained soils, with lime, full sun. Too overwhelming for sink and small rock gardens. Elswhere should be kept within bounds by trimming after flowering. Propagated by cuttings, July; heeled cuttings or division, September-October. Some selected colours:-

aubrietacflosgraceawoodcottagenursery
Photo of Aubrieta 'Gracea' from Wood Cottage Nursery

Wood Cottage Nursery, Nettlestead Green, Kent, England:-

woodcottagenursery

Summer Flowers on 23 July 2016 of some of its plants for sale.

We are a friendly independent nursery in the weald of Kent, that grows and stocks an extensive range of 30,000 good quality hardy plants, with 1litre pots from £1.50 the nursery is fully stocked 12 months of the year.

Amongst these plants you will find old cottage garden plants along side brand new varieties, if Clematis are your passion then you will be able to browse through over 5000 plants along with our Roses, Trees, Perennials and alpines we are confident you will be able to find some good quality plants at very reasonable prices to enhance your new or established garden.
We would like to thank all of our customers for their support over the past 17 years and also welcome our new customers.

We are open from 9am to 6.30pm 7days a week including Bank Holidays. Parking is available, but at weekends can be a bit hectic so a visit during the week may find us not quite so busy!! We have a car park at front of nursery in Maidstone Road and parking at the rear in Station Road.

Payment is by Cash or Cheque only. We do not offer mail order service.

Calamintha grandiflora

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Rose-purple
Jun-Sep

10 (25)

average

 

A good plant for dry, sunny spots, rose-purple flowers from June-September. Propagated by division, April, or cuttings, July.

 

 

Campanula carpatica (American harebell) varieties

Supplier in UK - they ship globally
 

Full Sun,
Part Shade

White to Blue
Jun-Aug

6-12 (15-30)

limy

 

A genus of many species, the alpine dwarfs being valuable for their summer flowers; tolerant of sun and part shade, lime and acid soils, if well-drained. The species comes true from seeds. The now numerous hybrids may be propagated by cuttings of young shoots in spring, as may the species.

Spreading, flowers variable, white to blue, July-August. Varieties are all propagated by division or basal cuttings.

There are other campanulas used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

campanulacflocarpaticawikimediacommons

Campanula carpatica Weisse Clips. By Qwertzy2. via Wikimedia Commons.

Campanula cochleariifolia (Campanula pusilla, Fairy Thimble Bellflower)

Supplier in UK - they ship globally
 

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Blue
Jun-Sep

3 (7.5)

limy

 

Blue harebell flowers, June-August, with a
white form, alba; and
pallida 'Miranda', 6 inches (15 cms) high, silvery-blue. Propagated by division in September.

 

campanulacforcochleariifoliawikimediacommons

This photo shows Campanula cochleariifolia. By Teun Spaans via Wikimedia Commons.

Campanula garganica (Adriatic Bellflower)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Blue
Jun-Aug

4 (10)

limy

 

Starry blue flowers, June-August. Good varieties are
'Fenestrellata', lilac-blue;
'W.H. Paine', 3 inches (7.5 cms) high, deep blue with white eye; 'G.F. Wilson', 6 inches (15 cms) high, violet-blue.
Propagated by cuttings, August.

 

See Campanula garganica for further details and photos

Crocus, in variety

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

Mar-Apr

2-6 (5-15)

average

 

A genus of bulbous hardy plants of many species and hybrids, with a flower span lasting from September to April. Late autumn, winter and very early spring species may, however, be spoiled by wet weather, and need places in the shelter of small shrubs, or to be grown in pots in a cold greenhouse or alpine house. Good choices for outdoors are given, though there are many others. Well-drained soil and sun suit.
Mice can be deterred by planting

alongside the crocus at planting time.
Propagated by seed, and offset corms. Lift and divide every 3-4 years. Autumn-flowering; plant july-august.

 

Staff? at Gawcott Plant Nursery as a relatively new nursery (founded in 2014):-

Irrigator and weeder

gawcottirrigator

Seed sower

gawcottseedsower

There are other crocus used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery and others in Colchicum and Crocus Gallery.

Crocus asturicus atropurpureus, 4 inches (10 cms) high, purple-violet, November.
Crocus kotschyanus (Crocus zonatus), 3 inches (7.5 cms) high, rosy-lilac, with yellow throat, September-October.
Crocus longiflorus, 4 inches (10 cms) high, lilac, orange-throated, scented, October-November
Crocus medius, 4-5 inches (10-12.5 cms) high, lilac-purple, October-November
Crocus pulchellus, 4-5 inches (10-12.5 cms) high, soft lilac-blue, September-November
Crocus salzmanii (Crocus serotinus), 3-4 inches (7.5-10 cms) high, lavender-blue, yellow throat, October-November
Crocus speciosus, 4 inches (10 cms) high, bright blue. Named varieties:-

are all good, September-November.

Spring-flowering: plant September-October.
Crocus aureus (Crocus flavus), 4 inches (10 cms) high, orange-yellow, February-March
Crocus biflorus, 4 inches (10 cms) high, Cloth of Gold, Scotch Crocus, white, feathered purple-blue, Several good varieties such as:-

  • weldenii albus, white;
  • weldenii 'Fairy', white, tinged greyish-blue; February-March

Crocus candidus subflavus, 2.5 inches (6 cms) high, bright yellow, bronze-purple outside; April.

Crocus chrysanthus varieties, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high. A good selection would include:-

  • 'Blue Bird', white inside, greyish-blue out;
  • 'Blue Pearl', soft pearly-blue;
  • 'Canary Bird', orange-yellow within, flecked bronze without;
  • 'Cream Beauty', pale creamy-yellow;
  • 'E.A. Bowles', butter-yellow, bronzed throat;
  • 'E.P Bowles', deep yellow, purplish feathering;
  • 'Goldilocks', deep yellow, grey-black marking;
  • 'Moonlight', marigold-cream,
  • 'Saturnus', bright yellow, purple feathered;
  • 'Snow Bunting', white and gold, purple feathering; and
  • 'Zwanenburg Bronze', golden-yellow, with dark bronze exterior;
  • March.

Crocus etruscus, 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cms) high, violet-blue, February-March
Crocus imperati, 3-4 inches (7.5-10 cms) high, lilac, outside buff, striped purple, February-March
Crocus korolkowii, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high, golden-yellow, bronze shaded outside, March
Crocus minimus, 1.5-2 inches (3.5-5 cms) high, lavender inside, buff, purple striped outside, April
Crocus sieberi, 3-4 inches (7.5-10 cms) high, lilac-blue, golden throat, February-March
Variety 'Violet Queen' is violet-blue
Crocus stellaris, 2-3.5 inches (5-6 cms) high, bright orange, lined brown without, March.
Variety pallidus, sulphur-yellow.
Crocus susianus, 2.5 inches (6 cms) high, Cloth of Gold, deep golden-yellow, heavily tinged bronze without, February,
Variety minor is similar but more slender, daintier growth
Crocus tomasinianus, 3-3.5 inches (7.5-9 cms) high, silvery-lilac, March.
Varieties:-

  • 'Whitewell Purple', a reddish-purple
  • 'Barr's Purple', deep lilac and
  • 'Taplow Ruby', ruby-purple;
  • are considered safer, since they seed and naturalize less freely, than the species itself.

Crocus vernus, 3.5 inches (9 cms) high, usually in varieties

  • albus, white
  • 'Haarlem Gem', a hybrid, lilac-blue,
  • March-April

Crocus versicolor picturatus, 4-5 inches (10-12.5 cms) high, white, with rich purple feathering, March

Cytisus ardoinoi (Pygmy laburnum)

Supplier in UK

 

Full Sun

Golden-Yellow
Apr

6 (15)

average

 

The dwarf species of the shrubs are invaluable for dry, hot spots, and in well-drained soils, and good sun, do very well. Propagated from seed, to be planted young out of pots.

Deciduous, compact-growing, with golden-yellow flowers, April-May

There are other cytisus used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Wisley’s Alpine Log
By Paul Cumbleton 
2011: Log 90…09 June 

" I thought it was time I gave an update on the crevice garden. Zdenek taught us how important it is, to achieve the most natural look, that we insert small slivers of stone between the larger slabs when we are finishing off planted areas. We completed one small area like this in order to show our visitors what the entire crevice garden will look like once it has all been done this way."

Interesting to note the difficulty of reading the plant labels in some of the photos in this log and yet you may only be standing about 6-24 inches (15-60 cms) away on the adjoining path.

Cytisus x beanii

Supplier in UK
Supplier in Australia

Full Sun

Yellow
May-Jul

15 (37.5)

average

 

A lovely deciduous semi-prostrate shrub. Deep rich golden yellow flowers smother the slender branches during May.
Prefers a deep well drained soil in a sunny position, ideal in the rockery or scree garden.
Prune back half of the new growth immediately after flowering.

 

 

Dianthus caesius (botanically re-classified as Dianthus gratian-opolitanus, Cheddar Pink is a member of the Wildflower Pink Family) and varieties

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

Deep Pink to Red
Jun-Jul

6 (15)

limy

 

Out of a large family of herbs, only a nucleus of those suitable for alpine gardening can be suggested here. They all like well-drained soil, usually limy, and sun. Species can be propagated from seeds; varieties and hybrids from cuttings in summer.

Mat-forming, 6-9 inches (15-22.5 cms) high, very well-scented, deep pink to red flowers, May-July,
Baker's var' is deeper coloured,
flore pleno is semi-double, pink flowering, and compact.

 

dianthuscflosgratianopolitanuswikimediacommons

Dianthus gratianopolitanus. By Kurt Stüber. via Wikimedia Commons.

Dianthus deltoides (Maiden Pink a member of the Wildflower Pink Family)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in UK

Full Sun

Rose-pink to purple
Jun-Jul

6 (15)

limy

 

Rose-pink to purple flowers, June-September
Variety
alba, white

Good plant for the front of the border or covering tops of low walls or rocks. Copes well with sun or partial shade and loves a well drained soil.

Rock gardens, border fronts, edgings and containers. Evergreen foliage can serve as an attractive ground cover year-round.

dianthuscflosarcticfirewoodcottagenursery
Photo of Dianthus 'Arctic Fire' from Wood Cottage Nursery

Doronicum cordatum (Doronicum pardalianches, Leopardsbane is a member of the Wildflower Family Daisy)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in Germany and they will ship to world

Part Shade

Yellow
Apr-May

8 (20)

moist

 

A little coarse, but valuable for its yellow, broad daisy-like flowers in April-May. Part Shade. Propagated by division, June.

 

 

Dryas octopetala (Mountain Avens is a member of the Wildflower Rose Family)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

Jun-Jul

2 (5)

average

 

Trailing, mat-forming, sub-shrub, with deep green, oak-like leaves, white, yellow-centred, open flowers, June-July.
Variety
lanata (argentea) is downy-leaved;
minor about half-as-large. Propagated by heeled cuttings, June. Open position, any well-drained soil.

There are other dryas used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

See Dryas octopetala for further details and photos

Erica carnea and varieties

Supplier in UK
Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Dec-Apr

6-9 (15-22.5)

average

 

A very large genus of evergreen shrubs, valuable for theilong-flowering.All need sunny positions, but broadly, the summer-flowering species and varieties require lime-free soil; while the winter-flowering tolerate lime in the soil, or can be grown without it. Propagated by cuttings, in June-July.

9-12 inches (22.5-30 cms) high, 18-24 inches (45-60 cms) spread. Spikes of flesh-pink to rose flowers, February-March.
Good varieties are:
'King George', 9-12 inches (22.5-30 cms) high, 15-24 inches (37.5-60 cms) spread, purplish-pink, November-February;
'Springwood White' and Springwood Pink', 6-8 inches (15-20 cms) high, 18 inches (45 cms) spread
'Winter Beauty', 9 inches (22.5 cms) high, 18 inches (45 cms) spread, soft purplish-pink, January-February;
vivelli, 6-9 inches (15-22.5 cms) high, 12-15 inches (30-37.5 cms) spread, January-March;
'Atrorubra', 9-12 inches (22.5-30 cms) high, 15-18 inches (37.5-45 cms) spread, deepest pink, March-April.

There are other erica carnea described in Heather Erica Carnea Gallery

ericacflos2carneawikimediacommons

Erica carnea, Ericaceae, Winter heath, Winter Flowering Heather, Spring Heath, habitus; Botanical Garden KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany. By H. Zell, via Wikimedia Commons

Frankenia laevis (Sea-heath is a member of the Wildflower Sea-Heath Family)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in France

Photos

Full Sun

Pink
Jun-Jul

2 (5)

average

 

Mat-forming with heather-like foliage, small pink flowers, July. Propagated by division, April.

There is further details on this in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

 

Genista dalmatica (Dalmation broom)

Supplier in USA - whose catalogue over 600 alpines which we ship to enthusiasts throughout Canada and the United States.

Full Sun

Yellow
Jun-Jul

6 (15)

dry

 

Broom. The dwarf species are fine subjects for poor, light soils, dry paces, and full sun. Propagated by cuttings, April.

Compact, spiny shrub, covered in bright yellow flowers, June-July

There are other genista used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

 

Gentiana acaulis (stemless gentian, trumpet gentian - logo of the Alpine Garden Society) and varieties

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Deep brilliant blue
Apr-May

3 (7.5)

trial

 

Gentian. From a genus of over 400 species, only a few can be grown satisfactorily out of doors in Britain. Many have special, almost capricious needs, but every plant-lover will want to attempt to grow them. Those worth attempting, and most likely to succeed are given here.

Funnel-shaped, bell-mouthed flowers of deep brilliant blue, May-June, over evergreen mats of foliage. Held to be mysteriously finical in soil needs, though nursery-men seem to have no difficulties in raising it. Try it in full sun, heavy, porous, humus-rich with fine leaf-mould, soil, plus a little bone-meal. Propagated by division in early spring when growth is just beginning, by detaching basal shoots. Varieties
dinarica has clear blue flowers, and
coelestina, flowers of deep sky-blue

There are other gentiana used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Gentiana acaulis grows naturally in acidic soils but will tolerate mildly alkaline conditions. It is best grown in an exposed position in full sun, firmly planted in soil that does not dry out completely. Additional watering may be necessary during dry periods.

Plant Uses & Characteristics:-

  •   Alpine & Rock
  •   Containers
  •   Edging
  •   Rabbit Resistant

gentianacfloacauliswikimediacommons

Gentiana acaulis - Photo taken Near Edelrautehütte, Styria, Austria. By Tigerente, via Wikimedia Commons

Gentiana gracilipes (Gentiana purdomii)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA with its events

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Jun-Jul

6 (15)

average

 

Narrow, deep green leaves, decumbent stems, with narrow, tubular flowers, borne singly, of deep, purplish-blue, August. Sun, well-drained, deepish, humus-rich soil. Propagated by cuttings in early spring; or by seed

 

 

Geranium sanguineum lancastriense (Geranium sanguineum var. striatum)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

Rose-pink, purplish veined
Jun-Aug

4 (10)

average

 

The alpines of this genus flower freely, and succeed in any soil that is well-drained, and in sun. Propagated by division in spring, or by seed.

Spreading habit, erect stems with large, rose-pink, purplish veined flowers, June-July.
'Nyewood variety' grows to 12 inches (30 cms), with purple-blue flowers, freely produced, May-July.

There are other geranium used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Use in Rock gardens or border fronts. Mass for small area ground cover.

geraniumcflossanguineumstriatumwoodcottagenursery
Photo of Geranium sanguineum striatum from Wood Cottage Nursery

Gypsophila repens (Gypsophila fratensis)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Soft Pink
Full Sun

Jun-Aug

3 (7.5)

average

 

A genus containing easily growth, attractive alpines for light dryish soil, full sun, and deep root run. They grow readily from seed, and may be propagated by heeled cuttings in July.

Tufted, trailing plant of blue-grey foliage, with soft pink flowers, June-August, in variety
'Letchworth Rose', rose-pink flowers on 6-inch (15 cms) stems. Walls.

There are other gypsophila used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

It grows on dry, chalky slopes and in cultivation this plant is often grown in rock gardens or against dry stone walls.

 

Helianthemum lunulatum

Supplier in UK
 

Yellow, with crescent-shaped stain at the base of petals
Full Sun

Jun-Jul

6 (15)

average

 

Sun Rose. The evergreen sub-shrubs of this genus are easy to grow, and although the flowers may individually last no more than a day, a succession is produced for several weeks in sumer; their close growth helps to keep down weeds, but to prevent loss of vigour, the plants should be pruned or trimmed after flowering. A like sun, and grow in any well-drained soil, including chalk or limestone. Easily propagated by cuttings in June-July.

Neat, tight shrublet, flowers single and yellow, with crescent-shaped stain at the base of petals, June-July

See Helianthemum lunulatum for further details and photos

helianthemumcforlunulatumwikimediacommons

Helianthemum lunulatum. By manfred.sause@volloeko.de via Wikimedia Commons.

Helianthemum nummularium (Helianthemum chamaecistus is a member of the Wildflower Rock-Rose Family) varieties (Common Rock-Rose - Go Wild About Gardens website: We know that many garden plants are vitally important to bees, butterflies and moths. The Perfect for Pollinators lists are great for finding wildflowers and garden plants that are rich in nectar and pollen. The RHS and the University of Bristol want to go further and identify which are the most commonly used pollinator-friendly plants.)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

Jun-Aug

6-9 (15-22.5)

average

 

9 inch (22.5 cms) high, spreading to 18 inches (45 cms) or more unless checked by annual trimming after flowering. Produces its crimped, dainty open flowers freely, June-July, and is now most esteemed for its many coloured varieties, in almost all colours except blue.

Some of the best varieties are: 'Apricot',
'Ben Nevis,
'Ben Afflick',
'Ben Attow',
'Ben Dearg',
'Ben Fhada',
'Ben Hope',
'Ben Ledi',
'Ben Vane',
'Jubilee',
'Mrs. C.W. Earle',
'Wisley Primrose'

helianthemumcfloswisleyprimrosewoodcottagenursery
Photo of Helianthemum 'Wisley Primrose' from Wood Cottage Nursery

See Common Rock-Rose for further details and photos.

Welcome to Helianthemums.co.uk, a website by Andrew Roberts dedicated to my collection and propagation of the smallish shrubs commonly known as rock roses. Rock roses are a familiar group of plants mainly represented in cultivation by a single species, Helianthemum nummularium that has numerous cultivars. There are roughly 100 species of Helianthemums originally from North America, Europe, West Asia and North Africa. The name Helianthemum is from the Greek helios suggesting sun and anthemon meaning flower. They belong to the family Cistaceae.

Hypericum empetrifolium prostratum (St John's Wort)

Supplier in UK
 

Bright Yellow
Full Sun

Jun-Jul

6 (15)

dryish

 

The alpines of this genus are most valuable for their long season of bloom, but like sun, and very well-drained soil. Propagated by seed or basal cuttings, April.

This shrub is very attractive to bees.

There are other hypericum used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Plant Portrait in Rock Garden Quarterly Volume 59 Number 1 Winter 2001 of this plant.

It can be tender so protect from frost.

Welcome to the Rock Garden Plants Database

It contains 21,267 species with more than a 1000 photos. For each plant you will find here known synonyms of its name, short description, origin, territory and altitude of its natural location, size, color, bloom, if it is calciphile (Ca+) or calciphobe (Ca-), its type (rosette etc.), cultivation and propagation.

Iberis saxatalis (alpine candytuft)

Supplier in UK - with its 16 pages of Inspiration Videos and 12 pages of Advice Videos
Supplier in USA

White tinged purple
Full Sun

Mar-May

3 (7.5)

average

 

The best of the species for alpine gardening are dwarf evergreen shrubs, easily grown in full sun, any good soil, flowering in spring. Propagated by cuttings, taken in May-June.

Prostrate-growing, dark green, linear leaves, small heads of white flowers, March-April, needs good drainage.

There are other iberis used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Excellent edging for borders, paths or walkways. Rock gardens. Alpine gardens. Sprawl over a wall. Interesting ground cover for small, sunny areas. Containers.

 

Iberis sempervirens 'Little Gem'
(Evergreen Candytuft)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

White
Full Sun

May-Jun

6 (15)

average

 

4 inches (10 cms) high, neat bushy evergreen, flowering white, May-June.

It is an easy-going garden plant that should do well in most good soils; it prefers sun but will take a bit of shade. It is small enough when young to be planted in a trough for a couple of years where it will be neat and bushy but it becomes looser with age. And it will last for years as it's very long-lived. About 20cm (8") high at most.

The website Perennial Resource is brought to you by Walters Gardens, Inc., North America’s leading wholesale perennial grower for over 65 years. Besides the Perennial Encyclopedia in its Browse by Category section, it also has Helpful Articles, Photo Gallery, and Gardening Calendars sections.

Jasminum parkeri (Dwarf Jasmine)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Yellow
Full Sun,
Part Shade

Jun-Jul

6 (15)

average

 

Distinctive evergreen shrub of tufted habit, bearing yellow jasmine-like flowers in June. Well-drained soil, sun and shelter. Propagated by cuttings, July-August.

There is further details on this in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Ideal for rock gardens.

 

Leontopodium alpinum (edelweiss)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA
Supplier in Canada

Yellowish
Full Sun

Jun-Jul

6 (15)

well-drained

 

Edelweiss. Looked down-the-nose-at by the cognizenti, but a plant many like to grow for its romantic and swiss holiday associations. Easily grown in well-drained soil, sun and clean air, with some protection against winter damp. Propagated by division, spring.

White woolly foliage, with curious yellowish flowers, enveloped in whitish flannelly bracts, June-July. Nothing dramatic, but not deserving of the disparagement often flung at it. Useful for crevices and walls.

There is another leontopodium used as an alpine in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

leonopodiumcflosalpinumwoodcottagenursery
Photo of Leontopodium alpinum from Wood Cottage Nursery

Heritage & Heirloom Organic Seed Catalog 2016 from Salt Spring Seeds in Canada - My new book is now available and listed in the Books & DVDs . It's called The Power of Pulses: Saving the World with Peas, Beans, Chickpeas, Favas and Lentils. With all the talk about how to address climate change, what is rarely mentioned are the foods we eat and the ways we grow them. Yet industrial agriculture is responsible for over 50% of greenhouse gas emissions. There is also Natural Insect, Weed & Disease Control and Year-Around Harvest; Winter gardening on the Coast.

Linum salsoloides (Heath-leaved Flax)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

White
Full Sun

Jun-Aug

6 (15)

average

 

There are several free-flowering and rewarding alpine flaxes, needing full sun and well-drained average soil to give of their best. Propagated by seed.

Pearly-white flowers, June-July; Variety alpinum (Alpine Flax) is a more compact form.

There are other linum used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Brighton Plants Nursery, Sussex, England. Rare, unusual, hardy herbaceous & woody plants sells mail-order and from Plant Fairs.

Lithospermum diffusum (Lithospermum prostratum, Glandora diffusa) and varieties

Bright Blue
Full Sun

May-Jun

6 (15)

lime-free

 

Gromwell. Provides some of the most attractive blue-flowering alpines for early summer. Full sun, Soil needs differ according to kind. Propagated by cuttings.

Evergreen prostrate growing shrub, best in forms 'Heavenly Blue', bright blue flowers in June-July; or 'Grace Ward', deeper gentian-blue flowers and stronger growth. Both need lime-free, humus-rich soil; are excellent to grow over rock ledges, and need trimming after flowering.

There is another lithospermum used as an alpine in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

 

Nierembergia rivularis (Nierembergia repens)

Supplier in UK
 

White
Full Sun,
Part Shade

Jun-Jul

2 (5)

average

 

Mat-forming herbaceous alpine, with large, chalice-shaped, white flowers, yellow-throated, in June-August. Part Shade or cool Sun. Well-drained soil, cool to the roots. Good for paving. Propagated by division, April or September.

 

"Experimental poisoning by Nierembergia rivularis in sheep of Uruguay. Four Corriedale crossbred sheep were used, one as control. Clinically the most significant symptom of N. rivularis ingestion was that the animals were unable to follow the flock as they were left behind during herd movement and showed dyspnea." From Chapter 79 (Page no:465) of poisoning by plants, mycotoxins and related toxins ISBN 9781845938338 within the Nutrition and Food Sciences Database.

Narcissus, dwarf varieties

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

The American Daffodil Society - publishes quarterly The Daffodil Journal, an 80-page color magazine that covers all aspects of daffodil culture, breeding, and exhibition.

Full Sun

Mar-Apr

3-10
(7.5-25)

well-drained

 

Daffodil.
The dwarf narcissi are indispensable for the rock garden, alpine meadow and alpine border. If conditions suit them, they will usually multiply by offsets, and can be lifted and divided from time to time. A few will form seed, and these can be sown, though it may take 5 years for a flowering plant to grow.

There are other narcissus used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery and in Narcissus Gallery.

Narcissus asturiensis (minimus)
Narcissus bulbocodium
var. conspicuus
var citrinus
var tenuifolius
Narcissus canaliculatus
Narcissus cyclamineus
Narcissus juncifolius (assoanus)
Narcissus nanus
Narcissus rupicola
Narcissus triandrus
Narcissus watieri
Narcissus 'W.P. Milner'.

Penstemon pinifolius (Pine-leaved penstemon)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Scarlet
Full Sun

Jun-Jul

4 (10)

dry

 

A genus containing many valuable dwarf plants for alpine gardening; welcoming well-drained soil and sunny hot positions, though they should not be short of water in summer. Propagated by seeds or cuttings, best taken August-September.

There are other penstemon used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery
Erect-growing, with bright green, narrow leaves, scarlet tubular flowers in June-August. Propagated by cuttings, April or September.

 

Penstemon roezlii

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Blue
Full Sun

Jun-Jul

6 (15)

dry

 

Also Known as Penstemon laetus var. roezlii, Penstemon cinerascens. Named after Benedikt Roezl, a Chech plant collector. Penstemon roezlii is great for a bird garden.

Use in a small clump within a miniature rock garden. In a larger rock garden plant three in a clump, a foot apart to make a sub-shrub out of them.

 

Penstemon rupicola (Cliff beardtongue)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Rose-carmine
Full Sun

Jun-Jul

2 (5)

dry

 

Prostrate growing with small ovate leaves, rose-carmine tubular flowers, May. Propagated by heeled cuttings, August

The Penstemons Database, moderated by KentPfeiffer

We have 858 images of 622 penstemons here.

 

Phlox subulata varieties

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

May

4 (10)

well-drained

 

The alpine phloxes are as essential and glorious in the rock garden as the taller ploxes are in the herbaceous border. Prostrate in habit, their dense mats of small leaves are neat and attractive, while flowering covers May-June. All like sun, well-drained soil, and are propagated by cuttings in May-July.

There are other phlox used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Underplant trees, shrubs and tall perennials, soften path edging or cover awkward slopes and banks. If you're tired of your lawn, why not replace it with a sea of seasonal colour.

Moss-Phlox, Moss-Pink of America. Tufted mats of thin-green leaves, massed with flowers in May-June. Good varieties:
'Apple Blossom', atropurpurea,
'Betty', 'Camla', 'G.F. Wilson', 'Temiscaming', 'Vivid'
 

Polygala chamaebuxus (Shrubby Milkwort, Box-leaved Milkwort, Bastard Box)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Purple, cream and yellow
Full Sun,
Part Shade

May-Jun

3 (7.5)

gritty, leafy

 

Is an evergreen shrub, neat and box-like, carrying pea-like flowers of purple, cream and yellow, May-July. Well-drained soil, part shade. Propagated by cuttings, June-July.

There are other polygala used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Best in open woodland gardens or part shade areas of rock gardens or border fronts. Ground cover.

 

Polygonum vacciniifolium (Persicaria vacciniifolia, Rock knotweed)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Rose-pink
Full Sun

Aug-Sep

6 (15)

average

 

Prostrate, mat-forming, evergreen perennial, with spikes of bright rose flowers, freely produced, September-October. Sun, well-drained soil; walls. Propagated by heeled cuttings, July.

There are other polygonum used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

 

Potentilla nitida (Shining cinquefoil) varieties

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Rose-pink
Full Sun

Apr-May

3 (7.5)

average

 

Perennial herb with silvery foliage, mat-forming, with rose-pink flowers in July-August. Rather poor soil, lime-rich, and sun. Scree. Propagated by division, April.

There are other potentilla used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

froggyoffarreachesfarm
Froggy- Chief Accountant of Far Reaches Farm.

Pulsatilla vulgaris (Anemone pulsatilla) varieties

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Lavender-purple
Full Sun

Apr-May

6-12 (15-30)

limy

 

A genus of plants with a tufted habit, downy foliage, and flowering in spring somewhat ahead of the leaves. Open positions, good drainage, and no disturbance suits them well. They do not mind lime, and do well on chalk. Propagated best by seeds, sown immediately they are ripe.

There are other pulsatilla used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery.

A wonderful rock garden plant, with a long season of interest. Also useful for border edging or wildflower meadows, and plants will often naturalize in a delightful way.

The type has beautiful lavender-purple bell-shaped flowers, silkily hairy outside;
Varieties - alba; 'Mrs van der Elst', 'Red Clock', 'Eva Constance' are good named forms.

Further details and photos on Pulsatilla vulgaris

Saponaria ocymoides (Tumbling Ted, Trailing Rock Soapwort)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Pink
Full Sun

Jun-Jul

2 (5)

average

 

Mat-forming perennial with trailing stems, covered with small pink flowers, June-July. Good for hot dry places, porous soils, and full sun, to grow over rock faces or walls. Propagate by cuttings taken in July to maintain replacement stock.

There are other saponaria used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

saponariacflosocymoideswoodcottagenursery
Photo of Saponaria ocymoides from Wood Cottage Nursery

Saxifraga: Mossy

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

See The Saxifrage Society with its SaxBase - online database of saxifrages.

Part Shade

Apr-May

3-6 (15-30)

average, cool

 

Mossy. Saxifrages which make moss-like, evergreen cushions or mats, with flowers, produced freely above them on stems, usually in April-June. They like part shade, and a cool root run, in good well-drained soil. The dwarf forms are good for paving, walls, and by steps. Propagated by division in August.

There are other saxafraga used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Saxifraga
'Avoca Gem'
'Flower of Sulphur'
'Elf'
'James Bremner'
'Red Admiral'
sanguinea superba
'Sir Douglas Haig'
'Winston Churchill'

Scabiosa gramininifolia

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Mauve to rose
Full Sun

Aug-Sep

6 (15)

dryish

 

Loosely mat-forming, with silvery-white narrow leaves, and pin-cushion flower-heads of mauve to rose, June-August. Propagated by division, March. Average soil, good for dry positions.

Use in rock garden or dry wall.

 

Solidago brachystachys (Solidago virgaurea)

Supplier in Ireland with their Plant categories referring to their habitat, Garden Design and Planting Design capabilities
Supplier in Germany
Supplier in USA

Lime-yellow
Full Sun

Aug-Sep

6 (15)

average

 

Dwarf Golden Rod, useful for its late showy golden flowers, September-October. Well-drained average soil and sun. Propagated by division in April.

A compact, clump forming perennial, producing plumes of lime yellow flowers over a relatively long period in Autumn, planted with grasses, Asters and Aconitums, it puts on a great show.

 

Thymus nitidus (Orange Peel Thyme)

Supplier in UK who are 1 of the Norfolk Nursery Network selling over 16,000 species and varieties
Supplier and another in Australia

Lilac-pink
Full Sun

May-Jun

6 (15)

average

 

The genus is one of the small aromatic shrubs and sub-shrubs, chiefly, easily grown in light, well-drained soils, and full sun. The shrubby kinds may be propagated by cuttings, July-August; the carpeting perennials by division, March, or autumn.

Grey-leaved, sub-shrubs, with lilac-pink flowers, June.

There are other thymus used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

 

Thymus serpyllum and varieties

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Purple
Full Sun

Jun-Jul

1 (2.5)

average

 

Mat-forming, carpeting evergreen, with purple flowers, June-July. These thymes are unequalled for carpeting, the alpine meadow, for walls and paving and other stonework in the garden.

Varieties:-
albus, 'Annie Hall', coccineus, lanuginosus, minus 'Russetings',
'Pink Chintz', splendens

See Alpine - The Alpine Meadow with Autumn Flowering Bulbs Page 1 for further details

Pepperpot Nursery use traditional growing methods; all of our over 250 herbs are grown without the use of any artificial heat or light in order to replicate the conditions they will find in their new home with you and to ensure successful growing on.

Veronica, dwarf species

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun,
Part Shade

May-Jul

4-6 (10-15)

average

 

Select a site with full sun and moist, well-drained soil.

There are other veronica used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

 

Viola cornuta (horned pansy)

Supplier in UK with events at nursery
Supplier in USA

Violet-blue
Part Shade

Jun-Jul

6 (15)

average

 

Over 400 species are hardy, easy-to-grow, free-flowering and of some distinction for alpine gardening aims. Well-drained soils with leaf-mould or moist peat, and positions of good light, usually suit. Propagated by division, March or September, by cuttings, summer, or by seed, August.

Easily grown, tufted evergreen mats of oval leaves, with violet-blue flowers, freely borne, May-October

There are other viola used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Varieties:-
alba, 'Blue Carpet', 'Jersey Gem', lutea grandiflora, 'White Perfection'.

violacfloscornutaetainwoodcottagenursery
Photo of Viola cornuta 'Etain' from Wood Cottage Nursery

Ivydene Gardens Infill Plants Index Gallery:
Alpine - Alpine Border

 

Although the most attractive and interesting way of growing alpines is in a rock garden, this does not mean that they cannot be grown elsewhere or in other ways.

Many alpines by reason of their low growth and neat habit can be successfully associated with other perennials in the herbaceous or general plant border, where they can be used to give a colourful population to its frontal areas and require a minimum of attention, provided their cultural soil needs, particularly good drainage, are properly met.

In the garden where, either for reasons of space, expense or incongruity, it is not possible to make a rock garden, but where it is desired to grow alpines in some variety, this can well be done in a border or bed expressly prepared for them.

The alpine border or bed offers distinct advantages of its own. It is much more easily made than a rock garden. It is particularly suited to new gardens where the soil has to be made up, for the tendency is to build new homes more and more on poor soils, and often where the top-soil has been removed. It is labour-saving for few alpines need staking or constant attention, and the nature of their growth is deterrent to many weeds.

Well designed and planted with a careful choice of alpines to flower throughout the warm weather months, the alpine border can present as colourful and attractive a picture as the herbaceous, with far less trouble. Moreover, an alpine border can be made where there would not be room for larger herbaceous perennials.

The aspect of the alpine border is less important than the soil, since plants can be chosen for their tolerance of sun or shade. But no true alpine can tolerate water accumulating around its roots. Provision for the ready percolation and drainage of surplus moisture is vital and basic to success, whether the water comes from direct rain or from a rising of the water table in the soil caused by water moving through the earth, from elsewhere.

Sub-soil drainage must receive the same meticulous attention as in making a rock garden (See Rainwater Drainage in Case Study 3 - Drive foundations in clay). On most soils where water does not lodge after heavy rains, it will probably be sufficient to dig the ground over at least 2 spits (a spit is a spade depth) deep, loosening it up and breaking up any impervious layer or pan to a depth of at least 24 inches (60 cms). Only if water rises after rain into the sub-soil and is slow to disperse will subsoil drainage by round drain tiles be necessary.

For a heavy wet clay sub-soil, a simple drainage scheme is to lay a 3-inch (7.5 cms) diameter drain tiles at the bottom of a wide V-shaped trench, 18 inches (45 cms) deep, with a fall of 1 in 200 to the trench with its evergreen hedge to use up that water as stated in Rainwater Drainage. The V excavation is then filed with clinker and ash, topped with inverted turf or fibrous peat, about 1 inch (2.5 cms) thick, and then with 50% sharp sand and 50% top-soil of that bed. A heavy sub-soil that does drain, though slowly, can be improved by dressing with gypsum at 8 ounces (227 grammes) per square yard (36 x 36 inches = 90 x 90 cms), and by working in coarse grit, sifted clinker and ash or fine gravel.

Continued in next table

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950 by Faber and Faber Limited describes every method of propagation for 2,500 species.

Unlike modern books published since 1980, this one states exactly what to do and is precisely what you require if you want to increase your alpines.


Site design and content copyright ©July 2016. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

Ivydene
Horticultural
Services

 

INFILL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY PAGES

Links in Table below are available in Shrub Tree Shape Index Gallery


Site Map

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

Click on number in cells below to jump to that page detailing those cultivated plants with that plant type and their botanical name starts with that letter.

Click on or underlined text to jump to page comparing flower thumbnails of that blue colour.
is Red, Pink, Purple and is Unusual or Other Flower Colour.

Plant Type
with links to Other Plant Photo Galleries

A
B
C

D
E
F

G
H
I

J
K
L

M
N
O

P
Q
R

S
T
U

V
W
X

Y
Z

Alpine in Evergreen Perennial, Herbaceous Perennial and Rock Garden

 

1

 

 

1

 

 

1

 

Aquatic

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Annual/ Biennial

1

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

Bamboo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bedding and RHS Mixed Border Beds



















Bicolour

Other Flower Colours

White / Colour Bicolour

Bulb and
Allium / Anemone, Colchicum / Crocus, Dahlia, Gladiolus, Narcissus, Tulip





 

 



 



 



1



Climber



 





 









Conifer

1

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Shrub

1

 

 

 



 







Deciduous Tree

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Perennial

1

 

 

 



 







Evergreen Shrub , Semi-Evergreen Shrub and Heather

1

 

 

 



 







Evergreen Tree

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fern

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grass

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

Herbaceous Perennial and RHS Mixed Border Beds



 

 

1



 







Herb

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Odds and Sods

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rose

 

 





 









Soft Fruit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sub-Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Top Fruit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vegetable

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wildflower
with
Plants used by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterflies in the UK



















Shrub and Small Tree

Botanical Names Page

Common Names Page

Companion Planting

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

UV

W

XYZ

Pest Control by Companion Planting

The following 2 books (written by Louise Riotte 1909-1998 who was one of North America's most beloved gardeners) provide a wealth of extra information telling you what plants to put together for what purpose and how it does it (The only wasted information on each page is the page number!!!):-

Carrots love Tomatoes: Secrets of Companion Planting for Successful Gardening by Louise Riotte Second Edition (Storey Publishing 1998) ISBN-13: 978-1-58017-027-7

Roses love Garlic: Companion Planting and other Secrets of Flowers by Loiuse Riotte Second Edition (Storey Publishing 1998)
ISBN 1-58017-028-5

item7a item7a item8 item8 item9 item9 item11 item11 item22 item22 item23 item23 item24 item24 item25 item25 item27 item27