Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill Plants Index Gallery:
Alpine - The Alpine Border Page 1

Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill Plants Index Gallery:
Alpine - The Alpine Border Page 1

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier for you to contact to buy this plant

Flower Colour

Sun Aspect of Full Sun,
Part Shade, Full Shade

with link to external website for photo/data

Flowering Months

with row in each month that it flowers in that colour in
STAGE 4A
12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
/

with link to
USA or
Canada
mail-order supplier

Height with Spacings or Width (W) in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour


with row in relevant pages that it has foliage of that colour in
STAGE 4B
12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

or
Background Colour nearest to middle-aged leaf colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Soil Moisture:-
Dry,
Moist,
Wet

with link to Australia or New Zealand mail-order supplier

 

with data for rows in
STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY and
STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Pages

Plant Type is:-

A for Aquatic
Ann for Annual / Biennial
Ba for Bamboo
Bu for Bulb
Cl for Climber
Co for Conifer
F for Fern
G for Grass
H for Herb
P for Perennial
Rh for Rhodo-dendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro for Rose
Sh for Shrub
So for Soft Fruit
To for Top Fruit
Tr for Tree
V for Vegetable
W for Wildflower

followed by:-
E for Evergreen,
D for Deciduous,
H for Herbaceous,
Alpine for being an Alpine as well as being 1 of above Plant Type /

 
Acid for Acidic,
Alk for Alkaline,
Any for AnySoil
 

with links to
STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2, 3
and
STAGE 3
ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2
pages
 

Comments

A plant of first-class merit, suggested as 'First Choices'

Adjacent Planting

Plant Associations

It is sad to reflect that in England so few gardens open to the public label their plants or label them so that the label is visible when that plant is in flower, so that visitors can identify; and then later locate and purchase that plant.

Few mail-order nurseries provide the detail as shown in my rose or heather galleries.

If you want to sell a product, it is best to display it. When I sold my Transit van, I removed its signage, cleaned it and took photos of the inside and outside before putting them onto an advert in Autotrader amongst more than 2000 other Transit vans - it was sold in 20 minutes.

If mail-order nurseries could put photos to the same complexity from start of the year to its end with the different foliage colours and stages of flowering on Wikimedia Commons, then the world could view the plant before buying it, and idiots like me would have valid material to work with.

I have been in the trade (until ill health forced my Sole Trader retirement in 2013) working in designing, constructing and maintaining private gardens for decades and since 2005 when this site was started, I have asked any nursery in the world to supply photos. R.V. Roger in Yorkshire allowed me to use his photos from his website in 2007 and when I got a camera to spend 5 days in July 2014 at my expense taking photos of his roses growing in his nursery field, whilst his staff was propagating them. I gave him a copy of those photos.

 

Although the most attractive and interesting way of growing alpines is in a rock garden, this does not mean that they cannot be grown elsewhere or in other ways.

Many alpines by reason of their low growth and neat habit can be successfully associated with other perennials in the herbaceous or general plant border, where they can be used to give a colourful population to its frontal areas and require a minimum of attention, provided their cultural soil needs, particularly good drainage, are properly met.

In the garden where, either for reasons of space, expense or incongruity, it is not possible to make a rock garden, but where it is desired to grow alpines in some variety, this can well be done in a border or bed expressly prepared for them.

The alpine border or bed offers distinct advantages of its own. It is much more easily made than a rock garden. It is particularly suited to new gardens where the soil has to be made up, for the tendency is to build new homes more and more on poor soils, and often where the top-soil has been removed. It is labour-saving for few alpines need staking or constant attention, and the nature of their growth is deterrent to many weeds.

Well designed and planted with a careful choice of alpines to flower throughout the warm weather months, the alpine border can present as colourful and attractive a picture as the herbaceous, with far less trouble. Moreover, an alpine border can be made where there would not be room for larger herbaceous perennials.

The aspect of the alpine border is less important than the soil, since plants can be chosen for their tolerance of sun or shade. But no true alpine can tolerate water accumulating around its roots. Provision for the ready percolation and drainage of surplus moisture is vital and basic to success, whether the water comes from direct rain or from a rising of the water table in the soil caused by water moving through the earth, from elsewhere.

Sub-soil drainage must receive the same meticulous attention as in making a rock garden (See Rainwater Drainage in Case Study 3 - Drive foundations in clay). On most soils where water does not lodge after heavy rains, it will probably be sufficient to dig the ground over at least 2 spits (a spit is a spade depth) deep, loosening it up and breaking up any impervious layer or pan to a depth of at least 24 inches (60 cms). Only if water rises after rain into the sub-soil and is slow to disperse will subsoil drainage by round drain tiles be necessary.

For a heavy wet clay sub-soil, a simple drainage scheme is to lay a 3-inch (7.5 cms) diameter drain tiles at the bottom of a wide V-shaped trench, 18 inches (45 cms) deep, with a fall of 1 in 200 to the trench with its evergreen hedge to use up that water as stated in Rainwater Drainage. The V excavation is then filed with clinker and ash, topped with inverted turf or fibrous peat, about 1 inch (2.5 cms) thick, and then with 50% sharp sand and 50% top-soil of that bed. A heavy sub-soil that does drain, though slowly, can be improved by dressing with gypsum at 8 ounces (227 grammes) per square yard (36 x 36 inches = 90 x 90 cms), and by working in coarse grit, sifted clinker and ash or fine gravel.

The top-soil will have to be prepared as for the rock garden. If there is little or no top-soil, owing to building operations, loam (if you use top-soil from some souces you could end up with couch grass, bindweed, or other pernicious weed seeds as well) should be imported and compounded with peat or leaf-mould, and sand. For the lime-tolerant plants bone-meal (2-3 ounces - 57-85 grammes - per square yard - 0.9144 square metres) and ground limestone (4-6 ounces - 113-170 grammes per square yard) may be added, if the soil is unduly acid. For the alpines which dislike lime, a special bed or portion of a bed must be prepared with lime-free loam, leaf-mould or peat, and sand only.

To give extra rooting depth, efficient drainage and effective display of plants, it is advantageous to raise the alpine border or bed above the general surface level. Where the border backs on to a wall or fence, the soil surface may be finished with a gentle slope. Where access can be gained from both sides or all the way round, the bed should rise to the middle, though not quite with the straight precision of a potato ridge.

At the front the soil may be contained by a single wall of stones, half-sunk in the ground, over which alpine trailers can be allowed to grow. In gardens where they would look appropriate, flints or simulated stone can be used to provide the walling. To be trouble-free, whatever is used must be on a firm foundation, closely placed together and well packed with soil behind. A narrow path with one of its edges being the wall of stones will reduce lawn maintenance time if it will be a lawn next to that wall instead.

This idea of raised beds for alpines may be carried to greater lengths, building the wall higher and bringing the plants nearer for easy attention and viewing. As an alternative to a rock garden on a sloping site, for instance, a series of terraced alpine beds or borders, held by well-constructed walling, may be used.

Narrow borders or small beds can be planted with alpines, chosen to suit the aspect and environmental conditions, on the same plan as used for a herbaceous border. Broadly, the plants should be in groups of 3 or 5 when of restricted cushiony or tufted growth, but spreaders can often be used singly; and their arrangement should place the taller 6-9 inch (15-22.5 cms) species to the back of the border with an overall fall of the height of the plants to the creeping dwarfs at the front. A precise grading in height is not wanted, however, and there must be some irregularity to create light and shade.

In the bigger border or bed, greater irregularity in contour can be allowed, with a group of taller plants jutting forward to enclose a bay of smaller, or to form a key point. Here, too, some means of easy access to the plants will be needed, and this can be provided by irregularly shaped flat stones, 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cms) thick, sunk almost flush with the soil at strategically practical points.

The stones themselves need not be big, no bigger than necessary to take a foot, and may be placed in groups, like broken lozenges, about 0.5-0.7 inches (1-2 cms) apart, well firmed and with interstices filled with coarse sand or fine grit. They can then planted with suitable dwarf alpines that like to get their roots beneath cool stone. In a large area devoted to alpines, a winding pathway of these stones could be used to break it up.

Further variation in height can be cultivated by the judicious siting and planting of dwarf shrubs and conifers. They are usually most effective when placed asymmetrically - to the ends rather than the precise middle, at unequal distances if more than 1 planting is made; and in the middle or front of the border rather than all ranged at the back. Such plants should be placed temporarily in position, viewed at a distance from various points to settle their right place, before being put in.

When an alpine border has been planted up, it is a good plan to cover the soil liberally with stone chippings, graded 0.375-0.125 inch (0.95-0.31 cms). Limestone chippings are suitable for lime-tolerant plants, granite or sandstone for the alpines that dislike lime. The chippings conserve moisture like a mulch, while preventing soil being splashed on to diminutive plants during heavy rain.

Once planted, the only attention the alpine border requires is periodic weeding and occasional replacement of casualties. It is also helpful to cut away spent flowers and curtail the more rampant growers as required. Additional colour can be gained by planting the dwarf bulbs and cormous plants that flower in autumn, winter, spring and summer. A border should go 4 or 5 years before requiring any drastic spring cleaning, such as the removal and replacement of aging specimens, division and remaking. Top ups of the chippings may be required annually.

The choice of plants will be largely dictated by such considerations as exposure to sun and shade, rainfall and soil drainage. Here, it is thought appropriate to list plants which may be relied upon to give fine patches or masses of colourful bloom, with a plant habit that is neat, or easily controlled by trimming immediately after flowering has finished.

Botanical Plant Name

Exposure

Flower Colour and
Flowering Months

Height in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Soil Preference

 

 

 

 

Achillea tomentosa (Woolly Yarrow)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

Yellow
Jun-Aug

9 (22.5)

light

 

Mat-forming, easily grown, silvery-grey evergreen perennials, needing full sun and good drainage. Popagated most easlily by division, early autumn

Woolly foliage, flower heads bright yellow.

There are other achillea used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

achilleacflostomentosaaureawoodcottagenursery
Photo of Achillea tomentosa 'Aurea' from Wood Cottage Nursery

Aethionema coridifolium 'Warley Rose'

Supplier in UK
 

Full Sun

Rose-Pink
May-Jun

6 (15)

average

 

Sub-shrubby perennials for well-drained soil and sunny positions, scree, crevice or all.

Compact, low-growing, covered with rose-pink flowers. Propagated by heeled cuttings in July.

There are other aethionema used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

See Aethionema 'Warley Rose' for further details and photo

Alyssum saxatile (Aurinia saxatilis, Alyssum orientale, Basket of Gold) and varieties

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

Golden-Yellow
Apr-Jun

8 (20)

average

 

Alyssum are perennial herbs, growing easily in full sun, ordinary well-drained soil. Propagated by seeds or heeled cuttings in July-August.

Alyssum saxatile has hoary grey-green foliage and golden-yellow flowers

There are other alyssum used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

See Alyssum saxatile for further details and photos

Arabis albida 'Rosabella' (Alpine rock-cress is a member of the Wildflower Family Crucifer/ Cabbage, Arabis caucasica 'Rosabella')

Supplier in UK - Garden-centre.org: The complete online UK gardening resource.
Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

Soft-Pink
Mar-May

4 (10)

well-drained

 

A genus of easily grown and floriferous herbs, some alpine, and little trouble in ordinary well-drained soil, sun or shade. Easily propagated by stem cuttings taken in August.

Compact, greyish tufted foliage, soft-pink flowers.

There are other arabis used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

 

Arenaria montana (Mountain Sandwort)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun,
Part Shade

White
May-Jul

4 (10)

average

 

A large genus containing some dwarf carpeting plants worth noting.

Deep green foliaged creeper, studded with starry white flowers, June-August

There are other arenaria used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

arenariacflosmontanawoodcottagenursery
Photo from Wood Cottage Nursery

Arenaria purpurascens (Pink Sandwort)

Supplier in UK
Supplier from Belgium
Supplier of seeds worlwide

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Pale Purple
May-Jun

2 (5)

average

 

A large genus containing some dwarf carpeting plants worth noting.

A mat of dark green tufted foliage, pale purple starry flowers, May-June

 

 

Aster alpinus varieties

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

May-Jun

6 (15)

average

 

A very large genus which contributes just a few worthwhile alpines which are easily grown.

Aster alpinus 'Beechwood' , 6 inches (15 cms) high. Mauve-blue flowers, June-July. Full Sun, Propagated by division in August.

Aster flaccidus (Aster purdomii), 9 inches (22.5 cms) high. Pale violet flowers, June-July. Propagate by division.

Aster subcaeruleus, 12 inches (30 cms) high. Mat-forming. Pale blue, yellow-disked flowers, June. Propagated by division.

 

astercflosalpinusgoliathwoodcottagenursery
Photo of Aster alpinus 'Goliath' from Wood Cottage Nursery

Aubrieta in variety

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA
Supplier in USA
Supplier in UK - Wood Cottage Nursery is amazing with its range of
Alpines,
Bamboos,
Clematis,
Climbers,
Ferns,
Fruit Trees and Bushes,
Grasses,
Perennials,
Roses,
Shrubs and
Trees
in a garden with its workforce of 2. If you want high qualty plants for your garden, visit this nursery once each month of the year and attempt to restrict your purchases to what will fit into your vehicle.

Full Sun

Apr-Jul

6 (15)

average

 

For alpine gardening, chiefly confined to hybrid forms of Aubretia deltoides. Excellent for spring colour, easily grown in well-drained soils, with lime, full sun. Too overwhelming for sink and small rock gardens. Elswhere should be kept within bounds by trimming after flowering. Propagated by cuttings, July; heeled cuttings or division, September-October. Some selected colours:-

aubrietacflosgraceawoodcottagenursery
Photo of Aubrieta 'Gracea' from Wood Cottage Nursery

Wood Cottage Nursery, Nettlestead Green, Kent, England:-

woodcottagenursery

Summer Flowers on 23 July 2016 of some of its plants for sale.

We are a friendly independent nursery in the weald of Kent, that grows and stocks an extensive range of 30,000 good quality hardy plants, with 1litre pots from £1.50 the nursery is fully stocked 12 months of the year.

Amongst these plants you will find old cottage garden plants along side brand new varieties, if Clematis are your passion then you will be able to browse through over 5000 plants along with our Roses, Trees, Perennials and alpines we are confident you will be able to find some good quality plants at very reasonable prices to enhance your new or established garden.
We would like to thank all of our customers for their support over the past 17 years and also welcome our new customers.

We are open from 9am to 6.30pm 7days a week including Bank Holidays. Parking is available, but at weekends can be a bit hectic so a visit during the week may find us not quite so busy!! We have a car park at front of nursery in Maidstone Road and parking at the rear in Station Road.

Payment is by Cash or Cheque only. We do not offer mail order service.

Calamintha grandiflora

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Rose-purple
Jun-Sep

10 (25)

average

 

A good plant for dry, sunny spots, rose-purple flowers from June-September. Propagated by division, April, or cuttings, July.

 

 

Campanula carpatica (American harebell) varieties

Supplier in UK - they ship globally
 

Full Sun,
Part Shade

White to Blue
Jun-Aug

6-12 (15-30)

limy

 

A genus of many species, the alpine dwarfs being valuable for their summer flowers; tolerant of sun and part shade, lime and acid soils, if well-drained. The species comes true from seeds. The now numerous hybrids may be propagated by cuttings of young shoots in spring, as may the species.

Spreading, flowers variable, white to blue, July-August. Varieties are all propagated by division or basal cuttings.

There are other campanulas used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

campanulacflocarpaticawikimediacommons

Campanula carpatica Weisse Clips. By Qwertzy2. via Wikimedia Commons.

Campanula cochleariifolia (Campanula pusilla, Fairy Thimble Bellflower)

Supplier in UK - they ship globally
 

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Blue
Jun-Sep

3 (7.5)

limy

 

Blue harebell flowers, June-August, with a
white form, alba; and
pallida 'Miranda', 6 inches (15 cms) high, silvery-blue. Propagated by division in September.

 

campanulacforcochleariifoliawikimediacommons

This photo shows Campanula cochleariifolia. By Teun Spaans via Wikimedia Commons.

Campanula garganica (Adriatic Bellflower)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Blue
Jun-Aug

4 (10)

limy

 

Starry blue flowers, June-August. Good varieties are
'Fenestrellata', lilac-blue;
'W.H. Paine', 3 inches (7.5 cms) high, deep blue with white eye; 'G.F. Wilson', 6 inches (15 cms) high, violet-blue.
Propagated by cuttings, August.

 

See Campanula garganica for further details and photos

Crocus, in variety

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

Mar-Apr

2-6 (5-15)

average

 

A genus of bulbous hardy plants of many species and hybrids, with a flower span lasting from September to April. Late autumn, winter and very early spring species may, however, be spoiled by wet weather, and need places in the shelter of small shrubs, or to be grown in pots in a cold greenhouse or alpine house. Good choices for outdoors are given, though there are many others. Well-drained soil and sun suit.
Mice can be deterred by planting

alongside the crocus at planting time.
Propagated by seed, and offset corms. Lift and divide every 3-4 years. Autumn-flowering; plant july-august.

 

Staff? at Gawcott Plant Nursery as a relatively new nursery (founded in 2014):-

Irrigator and weeder

gawcottirrigator

Seed sower

gawcottseedsower

There are other crocus used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery and others in Colchicum and Crocus Gallery.

Crocus asturicus atropurpureus, 4 inches (10 cms) high, purple-violet, November.
Crocus kotschyanus (Crocus zonatus), 3 inches (7.5 cms) high, rosy-lilac, with yellow throat, September-October.
Crocus longiflorus, 4 inches (10 cms) high, lilac, orange-throated, scented, October-November
Crocus medius, 4-5 inches (10-12.5 cms) high, lilac-purple, October-November
Crocus pulchellus, 4-5 inches (10-12.5 cms) high, soft lilac-blue, September-November
Crocus salzmanii (Crocus serotinus), 3-4 inches (7.5-10 cms) high, lavender-blue, yellow throat, October-November
Crocus speciosus, 4 inches (10 cms) high, bright blue. Named varieties:-

are all good, September-November.

Spring-flowering: plant September-October.
Crocus aureus (Crocus flavus), 4 inches (10 cms) high, orange-yellow, February-March
Crocus biflorus, 4 inches (10 cms) high, Cloth of Gold, Scotch Crocus, white, feathered purple-blue, Several good varieties such as:-

  • weldenii albus, white;
  • weldenii 'Fairy', white, tinged greyish-blue; February-March

Crocus candidus subflavus, 2.5 inches (6 cms) high, bright yellow, bronze-purple outside; April.

Crocus chrysanthus varieties, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high. A good selection would include:-

  • 'Blue Bird', white inside, greyish-blue out;
  • 'Blue Pearl', soft pearly-blue;
  • 'Canary Bird', orange-yellow within, flecked bronze without;
  • 'Cream Beauty', pale creamy-yellow;
  • 'E.A. Bowles', butter-yellow, bronzed throat;
  • 'E.P Bowles', deep yellow, purplish feathering;
  • 'Goldilocks', deep yellow, grey-black marking;
  • 'Moonlight', marigold-cream,
  • 'Saturnus', bright yellow, purple feathered;
  • 'Snow Bunting', white and gold, purple feathering; and
  • 'Zwanenburg Bronze', golden-yellow, with dark bronze exterior;
  • March.

Crocus etruscus, 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cms) high, violet-blue, February-March
Crocus imperati, 3-4 inches (7.5-10 cms) high, lilac, outside buff, striped purple, February-March
Crocus korolkowii, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high, golden-yellow, bronze shaded outside, March
Crocus minimus, 1.5-2 inches (3.5-5 cms) high, lavender inside, buff, purple striped outside, April
Crocus sieberi, 3-4 inches (7.5-10 cms) high, lilac-blue, golden throat, February-March
Variety 'Violet Queen' is violet-blue
Crocus stellaris, 2-3.5 inches (5-6 cms) high, bright orange, lined brown without, March.
Variety pallidus, sulphur-yellow.
Crocus susianus, 2.5 inches (6 cms) high, Cloth of Gold, deep golden-yellow, heavily tinged bronze without, February,
Variety minor is similar but more slender, daintier growth
Crocus tomasinianus, 3-3.5 inches (7.5-9 cms) high, silvery-lilac, March.
Varieties:-

  • 'Whitewell Purple', a reddish-purple
  • 'Barr's Purple', deep lilac and
  • 'Taplow Ruby', ruby-purple;
  • are considered safer, since they seed and naturalize less freely, than the species itself.

Crocus vernus, 3.5 inches (9 cms) high, usually in varieties

  • albus, white
  • 'Haarlem Gem', a hybrid, lilac-blue,
  • March-April

Crocus versicolor picturatus, 4-5 inches (10-12.5 cms) high, white, with rich purple feathering, March

Cytisus ardoinoi (Pygmy laburnum)

Supplier in UK

 

Full Sun

Golden-Yellow
Apr

6 (15)

average

 

The dwarf species of the shrubs are invaluable for dry, hot spots, and in well-drained soils, and good sun, do very well. Propagated from seed, to be planted young out of pots.

Deciduous, compact-growing, with golden-yellow flowers, April-May

There are other cytisus used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Wisley’s Alpine Log
By Paul Cumbleton 
2011: Log 90…09 June 

" I thought it was time I gave an update on the crevice garden. Zdenek taught us how important it is, to achieve the most natural look, that we insert small slivers of stone between the larger slabs when we are finishing off planted areas. We completed one small area like this in order to show our visitors what the entire crevice garden will look like once it has all been done this way."

Interesting to note the difficulty of reading the plant labels in some of the photos in this log and yet you may only be standing about 6-24 inches (15-60 cms) away on the adjoining path.

Cytisus x beanii

Supplier in UK
Supplier in Australia

Full Sun

Yellow
May-Jul

15 (37.5)

average

 

A lovely deciduous semi-prostrate shrub. Deep rich golden yellow flowers smother the slender branches during May.
Prefers a deep well drained soil in a sunny position, ideal in the rockery or scree garden.
Prune back half of the new growth immediately after flowering.

 

 

Dianthus caesius (botanically re-classified as Dianthus gratian-opolitanus, Cheddar Pink is a member of the Wildflower Pink Family) and varieties

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

Deep Pink to Red
Jun-Jul

6 (15)

limy

 

Out of a large family of herbs, only a nucleus of those suitable for alpine gardening can be suggested here. They all like well-drained soil, usually limy, and sun. Species can be propagated from seeds; varieties and hybrids from cuttings in summer.

Mat-forming, 6-9 inches (15-22.5 cms) high, very well-scented, deep pink to red flowers, May-July,
Baker's var' is deeper coloured,
flore pleno is semi-double, pink flowering, and compact.

 

dianthuscflosgratianopolitanuswikimediacommons

Dianthus gratianopolitanus. By Kurt Stüber. via Wikimedia Commons.

Dianthus deltoides (Maiden Pink a member of the Wildflower Pink Family)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in UK

Full Sun

Rose-pink to purple
Jun-Jul

6 (15)

limy

 

Rose-pink to purple flowers, June-September
Variety
alba, white

Good plant for the front of the border or covering tops of low walls or rocks. Copes well with sun or partial shade and loves a well drained soil.

Rock gardens, border fronts, edgings and containers. Evergreen foliage can serve as an attractive ground cover year-round.

dianthuscflosarcticfirewoodcottagenursery
Photo of Dianthus 'Arctic Fire' from Wood Cottage Nursery

Doronicum cordatum (Doronicum pardalianches, Leopardsbane is a member of the Wildflower Family Daisy)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in Germany and they will ship to world

Part Shade

Yellow
Apr-May

8 (20)

moist

 

A little coarse, but valuable for its yellow, broad daisy-like flowers in April-May. Part Shade. Propagated by division, June.

 

 

Dryas octopetala (Mountain Avens is a member of the Wildflower Rose Family)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

Jun-Jul

2 (5)

average

 

Trailing, mat-forming, sub-shrub, with deep green, oak-like leaves, white, yellow-centred, open flowers, June-July.
Variety
lanata (argentea) is downy-leaved;
minor about half-as-large. Propagated by heeled cuttings, June. Open position, any well-drained soil.

There are other dryas used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

See Dryas octopetala for further details and photos

Erica carnea and varieties

Supplier in UK
Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Dec-Apr

6-9 (15-22.5)

average

 

A very large genus of evergreen shrubs, valuable for theilong-flowering.All need sunny positions, but broadly, the summer-flowering species and varieties require lime-free soil; while the winter-flowering tolerate lime in the soil, or can be grown without it. Propagated by cuttings, in June-July.

9-12 inches (22.5-30 cms) high, 18-24 inches (45-60 cms) spread. Spikes of flesh-pink to rose flowers, February-March.
Good varieties are:
'King George', 9-12 inches (22.5-30 cms) high, 15-24 inches (37.5-60 cms) spread, purplish-pink, November-February;
'Springwood White' and Springwood Pink', 6-8 inches (15-20 cms) high, 18 inches (45 cms) spread
'Winter Beauty', 9 inches (22.5 cms) high, 18 inches (45 cms) spread, soft purplish-pink, January-February;
vivelli, 6-9 inches (15-22.5 cms) high, 12-15 inches (30-37.5 cms) spread, January-March;
'Atrorubra', 9-12 inches (22.5-30 cms) high, 15-18 inches (37.5-45 cms) spread, deepest pink, March-April.

There are other erica carnea described in Heather Erica Carnea Gallery

ericacflos2carneawikimediacommons

Erica carnea, Ericaceae, Winter heath, Winter Flowering Heather, Spring Heath, habitus; Botanical Garden KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany. By H. Zell, via Wikimedia Commons

Frankenia laevis (Sea-heath is a member of the Wildflower Sea-Heath Family)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in France

Photos

Full Sun

Pink
Jun-Jul

2 (5)

average

 

Mat-forming with heather-like foliage, small pink flowers, July. Propagated by division, April.

There is further details on this in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

 

Genista dalmatica (Dalmation broom)

Supplier in USA - whose catalogue over 600 alpines which we ship to enthusiasts throughout Canada and the United States.

Full Sun

Yellow
Jun-Jul

6 (15)

dry

 

Broom. The dwarf species are fine subjects for poor, light soils, dry paces, and full sun. Propagated by cuttings, April.

Compact, spiny shrub, covered in bright yellow flowers, June-July

There are other genista used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

 

Gentiana acaulis (stemless gentian, trumpet gentian - logo of the Alpine Garden Society) and varieties

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Deep brilliant blue
Apr-May

3 (7.5)

trial

 

Gentian. From a genus of over 400 species, only a few can be grown satisfactorily out of doors in Britain. Many have special, almost capricious needs, but every plant-lover will want to attempt to grow them. Those worth attempting, and most likely to succeed are given here.

Funnel-shaped, bell-mouthed flowers of deep brilliant blue, May-June, over evergreen mats of foliage. Held to be mysteriously finical in soil needs, though nursery-men seem to have no difficulties in raising it. Try it in full sun, heavy, porous, humus-rich with fine leaf-mould, soil, plus a little bone-meal. Propagated by division in early spring when growth is just beginning, by detaching basal shoots. Varieties
dinarica has clear blue flowers, and
coelestina, flowers of deep sky-blue

There are other gentiana used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Gentiana acaulis grows naturally in acidic soils but will tolerate mildly alkaline conditions. It is best grown in an exposed position in full sun, firmly planted in soil that does not dry out completely. Additional watering may be necessary during dry periods.

Plant Uses & Characteristics:-

  •   Alpine & Rock
  •   Containers
  •   Edging
  •   Rabbit Resistant

gentianacfloacauliswikimediacommons

Gentiana acaulis - Photo taken Near Edelrautehütte, Styria, Austria. By Tigerente, via Wikimedia Commons

Gentiana gracilipes (Gentiana purdomii)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA with its events

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Jun-Jul

6 (15)

average

 

Narrow, deep green leaves, decumbent stems, with narrow, tubular flowers, borne singly, of deep, purplish-blue, August. Sun, well-drained, deepish, humus-rich soil. Propagated by cuttings in early spring; or by seed

 

 

Geranium sanguineum lancastriense (Geranium sanguineum var. striatum)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

Rose-pink, purplish veined
Jun-Aug

4 (10)

average

 

The alpines of this genus flower freely, and succeed in any soil that is well-drained, and in sun. Propagated by division in spring, or by seed.

Spreading habit, erect stems with large, rose-pink, purplish veined flowers, June-July.
'Nyewood variety' grows to 12 inches (30 cms), with purple-blue flowers, freely produced, May-July.

There are other geranium used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Use in Rock gardens or border fronts. Mass for small area ground cover.

geraniumcflossanguineumstriatumwoodcottagenursery
Photo of Geranium sanguineum striatum from Wood Cottage Nursery

Gypsophila repens (Gypsophila fratensis)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Soft Pink
Full Sun

Jun-Aug

3 (7.5)

average

 

A genus containing easily growth, attractive alpines for light dryish soil, full sun, and deep root run. They grow readily from seed, and may be propagated by heeled cuttings in July.

Tufted, trailing plant of blue-grey foliage, with soft pink flowers, June-August, in variety
'Letchworth Rose', rose-pink flowers on 6-inch (15 cms) stems. Walls.

There are other gypsophila used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

It grows on dry, chalky slopes and in cultivation this plant is often grown in rock gardens or against dry stone walls.

 

Helianthemum lunulatum

Supplier in UK
 

Yellow, with crescent-shaped stain at the base of petals
Full Sun

Jun-Jul

6 (15)

average

 

Sun Rose. The evergreen sub-shrubs of this genus are easy to grow, and although the flowers may individually last no more than a day, a succession is produced for several weeks in sumer; their close growth helps to keep down weeds, but to prevent loss of vigour, the plants should be pruned or trimmed after flowering. A like sun, and grow in any well-drained soil, including chalk or limestone. Easily propagated by cuttings in June-July.

Neat, tight shrublet, flowers single and yellow, with crescent-shaped stain at the base of petals, June-July

See Helianthemum lunulatum for further details and photos

helianthemumcforlunulatumwikimediacommons

Helianthemum lunulatum. By manfred.sause@volloeko.de via Wikimedia Commons.

Helianthemum nummularium (Helianthemum chamaecistus is a member of the Wildflower Rock-Rose Family) varieties (Common Rock-Rose - Go Wild About Gardens website: We know that many garden plants are vitally important to bees, butterflies and moths. The Perfect for Pollinators lists are great for finding wildflowers and garden plants that are rich in nectar and pollen. The RHS and the University of Bristol want to go further and identify which are the most commonly used pollinator-friendly plants.)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

Jun-Aug

6-9 (15-22.5)

average

 

9 inch (22.5 cms) high, spreading to 18 inches (45 cms) or more unless checked by annual trimming after flowering. Produces its crimped, dainty open flowers freely, June-July, and is now most esteemed for its many coloured varieties, in almost all colours except blue.

Some of the best varieties are: 'Apricot',
'Ben Nevis,
'Ben Afflick',
'Ben Attow',
'Ben Dearg',
'Ben Fhada',
'Ben Hope',
'Ben Ledi',
'Ben Vane',
'Jubilee',
'Mrs. C.W. Earle',
'Wisley Primrose'

helianthemumcfloswisleyprimrosewoodcottagenursery
Photo of Helianthemum 'Wisley Primrose' from Wood Cottage Nursery

See Common Rock-Rose for further details and photos.

Welcome to Helianthemums.co.uk, a website by Andrew Roberts dedicated to my collection and propagation of the smallish shrubs commonly known as rock roses. Rock roses are a familiar group of plants mainly represented in cultivation by a single species, Helianthemum nummularium that has numerous cultivars. There are roughly 100 species of Helianthemums originally from North America, Europe, West Asia and North Africa. The name Helianthemum is from the Greek helios suggesting sun and anthemon meaning flower. They belong to the family Cistaceae.

Hypericum empetrifolium prostratum (St John's Wort)

Supplier in UK
 

Bright Yellow
Full Sun

Jun-Jul

6 (15)

dryish

 

The alpines of this genus are most valuable for their long season of bloom, but like sun, and very well-drained soil. Propagated by seed or basal cuttings, April.

This shrub is very attractive to bees.

There are other hypericum used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Plant Portrait in Rock Garden Quarterly Volume 59 Number 1 Winter 2001 of this plant.

It can be tender so protect from frost.

Welcome to the Rock Garden Plants Database

It contains 21,267 species with more than a 1000 photos. For each plant you will find here known synonyms of its name, short description, origin, territory and altitude of its natural location, size, color, bloom, if it is calciphile (Ca+) or calciphobe (Ca-), its type (rosette etc.), cultivation and propagation.

Iberis saxatalis (alpine candytuft)

Supplier in UK - with its 16 pages of Inspiration Videos and 12 pages of Advice Videos
Supplier in USA

White tinged purple
Full Sun

Mar-May

3 (7.5)

average

 

The best of the species for alpine gardening are dwarf evergreen shrubs, easily grown in full sun, any good soil, flowering in spring. Propagated by cuttings, taken in May-June.

Prostrate-growing, dark green, linear leaves, small heads of white flowers, March-April, needs good drainage.

There are other iberis used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Excellent edging for borders, paths or walkways. Rock gardens. Alpine gardens. Sprawl over a wall. Interesting ground cover for small, sunny areas. Containers.

 

Iberis sempervirens 'Little Gem'
(Evergreen Candytuft)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

White
Full Sun

May-Jun

6 (15)

average

 

4 inches (10 cms) high, neat bushy evergreen, flowering white, May-June.

It is an easy-going garden plant that should do well in most good soils; it prefers sun but will take a bit of shade. It is small enough when young to be planted in a trough for a couple of years where it will be neat and bushy but it becomes looser with age. And it will last for years as it's very long-lived. About 20cm (8") high at most.

The website Perennial Resource is brought to you by Walters Gardens, Inc., North America’s leading wholesale perennial grower for over 65 years. Besides the Perennial Encyclopedia in its Browse by Category section, it also has Helpful Articles, Photo Gallery, and Gardening Calendars sections.

Jasminum parkeri (Dwarf Jasmine)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Yellow
Full Sun,
Part Shade

Jun-Jul

6 (15)

average

 

Distinctive evergreen shrub of tufted habit, bearing yellow jasmine-like flowers in June. Well-drained soil, sun and shelter. Propagated by cuttings, July-August.

There is further details on this in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Ideal for rock gardens.

 

Leontopodium alpinum (edelweiss)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA
Supplier in Canada

Yellowish
Full Sun

Jun-Jul

6 (15)

well-drained

 

Edelweiss. Looked down-the-nose-at by the cognizenti, but a plant many like to grow for its romantic and swiss holiday associations. Easily grown in well-drained soil, sun and clean air, with some protection against winter damp. Propagated by division, spring.

White woolly foliage, with curious yellowish flowers, enveloped in whitish flannelly bracts, June-July. Nothing dramatic, but not deserving of the disparagement often flung at it. Useful for crevices and walls.

There is another leontopodium used as an alpine in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

leonopodiumcflosalpinumwoodcottagenursery
Photo of Leontopodium alpinum from Wood Cottage Nursery

Heritage & Heirloom Organic Seed Catalog 2016 from Salt Spring Seeds in Canada - My new book is now available and listed in the Books & DVDs . It's called The Power of Pulses: Saving the World with Peas, Beans, Chickpeas, Favas and Lentils. With all the talk about how to address climate change, what is rarely mentioned are the foods we eat and the ways we grow them. Yet industrial agriculture is responsible for over 50% of greenhouse gas emissions. There is also Natural Insect, Weed & Disease Control and Year-Around Harvest; Winter gardening on the Coast.

Linum salsoloides (Heath-leaved Flax)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

White
Full Sun

Jun-Aug

6 (15)

average

 

There are several free-flowering and rewarding alpine flaxes, needing full sun and well-drained average soil to give of their best. Propagated by seed.

Pearly-white flowers, June-July; Variety alpinum (Alpine Flax) is a more compact form.

There are other linum used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Brighton Plants Nursery, Sussex, England. Rare, unusual, hardy herbaceous & woody plants sells mail-order and from Plant Fairs.

Lithospermum diffusum (Lithospermum prostratum, Glandora diffusa) and varieties

Bright Blue
Full Sun

May-Jun

6 (15)

lime-free

 

Gromwell. Provides some of the most attractive blue-flowering alpines for early summer. Full sun, Soil needs differ according to kind. Propagated by cuttings.

Evergreen prostrate growing shrub, best in forms 'Heavenly Blue', bright blue flowers in June-July; or 'Grace Ward', deeper gentian-blue flowers and stronger growth. Both need lime-free, humus-rich soil; are excellent to grow over rock ledges, and need trimming after flowering.

There is another lithospermum used as an alpine in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

 

Nierembergia rivularis (Nierembergia repens)

Supplier in UK
 

White
Full Sun,
Part Shade

Jun-Jul

2 (5)

average

 

Mat-forming herbaceous alpine, with large, chalice-shaped, white flowers, yellow-throated, in June-August. Part Shade or cool Sun. Well-drained soil, cool to the roots. Good for paving. Propagated by division, April or September.

 

"Experimental poisoning by Nierembergia rivularis in sheep of Uruguay. Four Corriedale crossbred sheep were used, one as control. Clinically the most significant symptom of N. rivularis ingestion was that the animals were unable to follow the flock as they were left behind during herd movement and showed dyspnea." From Chapter 79 (Page no:465) of poisoning by plants, mycotoxins and related toxins ISBN 9781845938338 within the Nutrition and Food Sciences Database.

Narcissus, dwarf varieties

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

The American Daffodil Society - publishes quarterly The Daffodil Journal, an 80-page color magazine that covers all aspects of daffodil culture, breeding, and exhibition.

Full Sun

Mar-Apr

3-10
(7.5-25)

well-drained

 

Daffodil.
The dwarf narcissi are indispensable for the rock garden, alpine meadow and alpine border. If conditions suit them, they will usually multiply by offsets, and can be lifted and divided from time to time. A few will form seed, and these can be sown, though it may take 5 years for a flowering plant to grow.

There are other narcissus used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery and in Narcissus Gallery.

Narcissus asturiensis (minimus)
Narcissus bulbocodium
var. conspicuus
var citrinus
var tenuifolius
Narcissus canaliculatus
Narcissus cyclamineus
Narcissus juncifolius (assoanus)
Narcissus nanus
Narcissus rupicola
Narcissus triandrus
Narcissus watieri
Narcissus 'W.P. Milner'.

Penstemon pinifolius (Pine-leaved penstemon)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Scarlet
Full Sun

Jun-Jul

4 (10)

dry

 

A genus containing many valuable dwarf plants for alpine gardening; welcoming well-drained soil and sunny hot positions, though they should not be short of water in summer. Propagated by seeds or cuttings, best taken August-September.

There are other penstemon used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery
Erect-growing, with bright green, narrow leaves, scarlet tubular flowers in June-August. Propagated by cuttings, April or September.

 

Penstemon roezlii

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Blue
Full Sun

Jun-Jul

6 (15)

dry

 

Also Known as Penstemon laetus var. roezlii, Penstemon cinerascens. Named after Benedikt Roezl, a Chech plant collector. Penstemon roezlii is great for a bird garden.

Use in a small clump within a miniature rock garden. In a larger rock garden plant three in a clump, a foot apart to make a sub-shrub out of them.

 

Penstemon rupicola (Cliff beardtongue)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Rose-carmine
Full Sun

Jun-Jul

2 (5)

dry

 

Prostrate growing with small ovate leaves, rose-carmine tubular flowers, May. Propagated by heeled cuttings, August

The Penstemons Database, moderated by KentPfeiffer

We have 858 images of 622 penstemons here.

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 1
PAGES

Site Map

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY PAGES Links to pages in Table alongside on the left with Garden Design Topic Pages

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

Plant Type
 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 with its Cultivation Requirements

Alpines for Rock Garden (See Rock Garden Plant Flowers)

Alpine Shrubs and Conifers

The Alpine Meadow
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

The Alpine Border
1
, 2

Alpine Plants for a Purpose

The Alpines that Dislike Lime 1, 2

Alpines and Walls
Dry Sunny Walls 1a, b
Tops of Walls 2a, b
Dry Shady and Conifers 3a, b

Alpines and
Paving
1
, 2

Sink and Trough gardens
1
, 2

Aquatic
(Water Plants) for

Anti-erosion River-bank

Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants)
1
, 2

Oxy-genating Weeds

Water Lilies

Floating Plants

Water-side Plants
and Plants for Dry Margins next to a Pond
1
, 2

Wildlife Pond Plants

Annual for

----------------



 

 

ANY PLANT TYPE for
Cut Flowers in
January 1, 2
February
March 1, 2
April
May 1, 2
June 1, 2
July 1, 2
August
September
October
November
December

Exposed Sites

Sheltered Sites with Green-house Annuals from 1916

Extra Poor Soil with Half-Hardy Annuals from 1916

Very Rich Soil with Biennials from 1916

Gap-filling in Mixed Borders with Hardy Annuals from 1916

Patio Con-tainers

Cut Flowers
1
, 2, 3 Ever-lasting Flowers with Red Flowers from 1916

Attract-ing bene-ficial insects
1
, 2

Scent / Fra-grance with Annuals for Cool or Shady Places from 1916

Low-allergen Gardens for Hay Fever Sufferers

Annual Plant Pairing Ideas and Colour Schemes with Annuals
1
, 2

Low-Growing Annuals
1
, 2

Medium-Growing Annuals

Tall-Growing Annuals with White Flowers from 1916

Black or Brown Flowers

Blue to Purple Flowers

Green Flowers with Annuals and Biennials from 1916

Red to Pink Flowers and Cut Flowers
Page
1
, 2, 3

White Flowers
1
, 2

Yellow or Orange Flowers
1
, 2

Dec-orative Foliage

Moist Soil

Shade
1
, 2

House-plants with Yellow Flowers from 1916

Edging Beds

Hanging Baskets

Vining Annuals

 

Bedding for

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Autumn/ Winter Bedding

Bedding for Light Sandy Soil

Bedding for Acid Soil

Bedding for Chalky Soil

Bedding for Clay Soil

Black Flowers

Blue Flowers

Orange Flowers

Pink Flowers

Long Flowering

Coloured Leaves

Attract-ive to Wildlife including Bees, Butterflies and Moths

Purple Flowers

Red Flowers

White Flowers

Yellow Flowers

Multi-Coloured Flowers

Aromatic Foliage or Scented Flowers

Bedding Plant Use

Flowers with 2 Petals

Flowers with 3 Petals

Flowers with
4 Petals

Flowers with 5 Petals

Flowers with 6 Petals

Flowers with more than 6 Petals

Use in Hanging Baskets

Flower Simple Shape

Shape of
Stars

Shape of
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Shape of
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Shape of
Trumpets and Funnels

Shape of
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

Use in Pots and Troughs

Flower Elabo-rated Shape

Shape of
Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Shape of
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Shape of
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

 

Use in
Screen-ing

Use in
Window Boxes

Shape of
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

Shape of
Discs and Florets

Shape of
Pin-Cushions and Tufts

Shape of
Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

 

Use in Bedding Out

Use in
Filling In

Biennial for

Cottage and Other Gardens
1
, 2

Cut Flower with Biennials for Rock Work from 1916

Patio Con-tainers with Biennials for Pots in Green-house / Con-servatory

Bene-ficial to Wildlife with Purple and Blue Flowers from 1916

Scent with Biennials for Sunny Banks or Borders from 1916

 

 

Bulb for
--------------
Explan-ation Intro to Bulbs
--------------
725 Blue, White, Yellow, Unusual Colour, or Red-Purple-Pink flowering Bulbs in each month they flower.

Indoor Bulbs for
Dec-ember
January
February

Indoor Bulbs for
March
April
May

Indoor
Bulbs for
June
July
August

Indoor Bulbs for Sep-tember
October
November

Bulbs in Window-boxes
1
, 2

Bulbs in the Border

Bulbs natural-ised in Grass

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Dec-Jan
Feb-Mar

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Apr-May
Jun-Aug 1, 2, 3, 4

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Sep-Oct
Nov-Dec

Any Plant Type Blooming in Smallest of Gardens

Bulbs for the Bulb Frame

Bulbs in the Wood-land Garden

Bulbs in the Rock Garden

Bulbs in Green-house or Stove

Achi-menes, Alocasias, Amorpho-phalluses, Aris-aemas, Arums, Begonias, Bomar-eas, Calad-iums

Clivias,
Colo-casias, Crinums, Cyclam-ens, Cyrt-anthuses, Euchar-ises, Urceo-charis, Eurycles

Freesias, Gloxinias, Hae-manthus, Hipp-eastrums

Lachen-alias, Nerines, Lycorises, Pen-cratiums, Hymen-ocallises, Richardias, Sprekelias, Tuberoses, Vallotas, Watsonias, Zephy-ranthes

Bulbs in Bowls

Bulbs in the Alpine House

Hardy Bulbs

Aconitum, Allium, Alstroe-meria, Anemone 1, 1a

Amaryllis, Antheri-cum, Antholy-zas, Apios, Arisaema, Arum, Aspho-deline,

Aspho-delus, Belam-canda, Bloom-eria, Brodiae, Bulbo-codium

Calo-chorti, Cyclo-bothras, Camassia, Col-chicum, Con-vallaria,
Forcing Lily of the Valley, Corydalis, Crinum, Crosmia, Mon-tbretia , Crocus

Cyclamen, Dicentra, Dierama, Eranthis, Eremurus, Ery-thrnium, Eucomis

Fritillaria, Funkia, Gal-anthus, Galtonia, Gladiolus, Hemero-callis

Hya-cinth, Hya-cinths in Pots,
Scilla, Pusch-kinia, Chion-odoxa, Chiono-scilla, Muscari

Iris,
Kniphofia, Lapey-rousia, Leucojum

Lilium,

Lilium in Pots, Malvastrum, Merendera, Milla, Narcissus, Narcissi in Pots

Orni-thogalum, Oxalis, Paeonia, Ran-unculus, Romulea, Sanguin-aria,
Stern-bergia,
Schi-zostylis, Teco-philaea, Trillium

Tulip,
Zephy-ranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs

Acidan-thera, Albuca, Alstroe-meri, Andro-stephium, Bassers, Boussing-aultias, Bravoas, Cypellas, Dahlias, Galaxis,
Geis-sorhizas, Hesper-anthas

Gladioli, Ixias,
Sparaxises, Babianas, Morphixias, Tritonias

Ixio-lirions, Moraeas, Orni-thogal-ums, Oxalises, Phaedra-nassas,
Pan-cratiums, Tigridias, Zephyr-anthes, Cooper-ias

Bulbs for Bedding

Plant each Bedding Plant with a Ground, Edging or Dot Plant for
Spring
1
, 2
or
Summer
1
, 2

Climber 3 sector Vertical Plant System with

Any Plant Type flowers in
Jan,
Feb,
Mar,
Apr,
May 1, 2
Jun,
Jul,
Aug,
Sep,
Oct,
Nov,
Dec
 

----------
Choosing the right Plant

1a.
The Base -
Base of Wall Plants

1b.
Annuals

1c.
Herbs and Vege-tables

1d.
Cut
flowers, Cut Foliage

1e.
Scented flower or foliage

1f.
Foliage use only

 

2a. 1,2,3,4
The Prime - Wall Shrubs

2b.
Fruit trees

3a.
The Higher Reaches -
House-wall Ramblers

3b. 1,2
Non-House-Wall - Climbing Twiners

3c.
Non-House-Wall - Self-clinging Climbers

Raised
Bed
for Wheel-chair Users

Plants for Wildlife-Use as well

Fastest Covering

Least prot-ruding growth when fan-trained

1, 2
Evergreen

Use as
Hedge

Exposed Positions

Use as Ground-cover

1,2
Ornam-ental Fruit

Scented Flowers

1, 2
Autumn Foliage Colour

Winter Bark

Winter and Early Spring Flowers

Summer Colour or Shape of Foliage

Edible Fruit

Needs Conserv-atory or Green-house

Large
Pots and Con-tainers
1
, 2

Cut Flowers

Attractive to Bees

Climber - Simple Flower Shape

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a
Stars

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1a1a1a1a1a1a
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord2
Trumpets and Funnels

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming
Salver-form

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14q1a1a1a1a1a
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

 

Climber - Elabo-rated Flower Shape

prunellaflotgrandiflora
Tubes, Lips and Straps

aquilegiacfloformosafoord
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14u1a1a1a1a1a1
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14v1a1a1a1a1a1
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock
Disks and Florets

andosacecforyargongensiskevock
Pin-cushions, Tufts, Petal-less and Cushions

armeriaflomaritimakevock
Umbels, Buttons and Pompoms

 

STAGE 4A 12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Brown

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Cream

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
White

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1 Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Multi-Colou-red

1
Each Flower Diff-

1
erent Colour

 

STAGE 4B 12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
Deciduous Shrubs or Trees, Herbaceous Perennials or Bulbs- if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.
Evergreen Shrubs or Trees, Evergreen Perennials - if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.

Jan Win

Feb Win

Mar Spr

Apr Spr

May Spr

Jun Sum

Jul Sum

Aug Sum

Sep Aut

Oct Aut

Nov Aut

Dec Win

Decid
Herba

Ever-green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Black

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Bronze

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Grey

1
White

1
Silver

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Varie-gated

1

1

1

1

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


Site design and content copyright ©April 2016.
Top menus revised June 2018. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

Ivydene
Horticultural
Services

Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders - was first published in 1977 and this paperback edition was published on 1 August 1994 ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-
This comprehensive book looks at scented flowers and leaves of plants from all over the world. The work has been prepared to the standards of the Index Kewensis, and is filled with the most interesting facts about the scented flora of the world.

I am using the above book from someone who took 30 years to compile it from notes made of his detailed observations of growing plants in preference to
The RHS Companion to Scented Plants Hardcover – 16 Oct 2014 by Stephen Lacey (Author), Andrew Lawson (Photographer) ISBN 978-0-7112-3574-8 even though this is the only major reference work on scent and scented plants which is endorsed by the Royal Horticultural Society. See reasons for stopping infilling of previous Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page.

The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950 by Faber and Faber Limited describes every method of propagation for 2,500 species. Unlike modern books published since 1980, this one states exactly what to do and is precisely what you require if you want to increase your alpines.

Topic
Case Studies
Companion Planting

...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design

...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants

...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
Bulb
Climber

 

Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12

All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index

All Foliage 212
All Spring Foliage 212

All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212
Rock Plant Flowers 53

 

Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
...Infill Plants *
...Infill2 Plants
...Infill3 Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...All2 Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

 

Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods

Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable

Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

 

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY

 

Cultivation Requirements of Plant

Outdoor / Garden Cultivation

1

Indoor / House Cultivation

1

Cool Greenhouse (and Alpine House) Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter

1

Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year

1

Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

1

 

Sun Aspect

Full Sun

1

Part Shade

1

Full Shade

1

 

Soil Type

Any Soil

1

Chalky Soil

1

Clay Soil

1

Lime-Free Soil

1

Peaty Soil

1

Sandy Soil

1

Acid Soil

1

Alkaline Soil

1

Badly-drained Soil

1

 

Soil Moisture

Dry

1

Moist

1

Wet

1

 

Position for Plant

Back of Shady Border

1

Back of Shrub Border

1

Bedding

1

Bog Garden

1

Coastal Conditions / Seaside

1

Container in Garden

1

Front of Border

1

Ground Cover 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

1

Ground Cover 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

1

Ground Cover Over 72 inches (180 cms)

1

Hanging Basket

1

Hedge

1

Hedge - Thorny

1

Pollution Barrier

1

Pond

1

Pot in House, Greenhouse, Conservatory or Stovehouse

1

Raised Bed

1

Rest of Border

1

Rock Garden

1

Scree Bed

1

Speciman on Lawn

1

Sunny Border

1

Tree for Lawn

1

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden

1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9, 10,
11,12,
13,14,
15,16,
uses of tree/ shrub

Wildflower

1

Windbreak

1

Woodland

1

 

Use of Plant

Pollen or nectar for Bees

1

Hosts to Butterflies

1

Encouraging birds / wildlife, providing food and shelter

1

Bee-Pollinated plants for Hay Fever Sufferers

1

Berries / Fruit

1

Dry Site in Full Sun

1

Dry Shade

1

Filtering noise

1

Flower Arrange-ments

Growing Plants for the Church

1



1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9,10,
11,12,
13,14

Fragrant Flower

1

Language of Flowers

1

Low maintenance

1

Moist Shade

1

Moist and swampy Sites

1

Nitrogen fixing plants

1

Not Fragrant Flower

1

Rabbit-Resistant

1

Speciman Plant

1

Thornless

1

Tolerant of Poor Soil

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Plant Foliage

Aromatic Foliage

1

Autumn Foliage

1

Finely Cut Leaves

1

Large Leaves

1

Yellow Variegated Foliage

1

White Variegated Foliage

1

Red / Purple Variegated Foliage

1

Silver, Grey and Glaucous Foliage

1

Sword-shaped Leaves

1

 

 

Flower Shape

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less
lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

1 Petal

1

2 Petals

1

3 Petals
irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

4 Petals
aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

5 Petals
anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Above 5
anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars
anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bowls
 

1

Cups and Saucers
euphorbiacflo1wallichiigarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Globes
paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Goblets and Chalices
paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Trumpets
acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Funnels
stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bells
digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Thimbles
fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Urns
ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Salverform

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

Flower Shape - Elaborated

Tubes, Lips and Straps
prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets
aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Hats, Hoods and Helmets
acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Standards, Wings and Keels
lathyrusflotvernus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Discs and Florets
brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pin-Cushions
echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Tufts
centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Cushion
androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Umbel
agapanthuscflos1campanulatusalbidusgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Buttons
argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pompoms
armeriacflomaritimakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Natural Arrangements

Bunches, Posies, Sprays
bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Columns, Spikes and Spires
ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Whorls, Tiers and Candelabra
lamiumflotorvala2a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Plumes and Tails
astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Chains and Tassels
 

1

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades
 

1

Spheres, Domes (Clusters), Plates and Drumsticks
androsacecfor1albanakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Shrub, Tree Shape

Columnar
ccolumnarshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Oval
covalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Rounded or Spherical
croundedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Flattened Spherical
cflattenedsphericalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Conical / Narrow Pyramidal
cnarrowconicalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Conical / Broad Pyramidal
cbroadpyramidalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Ovoid /
Egg-Shaped

ceggshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Ovoid
cbroadovoidshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Vase-shaped / Inverted Ovoid
cnarrowvaseshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Fan-Shaped /Vase-Shaped
cfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Fan-Shaped / Broad Vase-Shaped
cbroadfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Weeping
cnarrowweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Weeping
cbroadweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Palm

1

 

Conifer Cone

1

 

Form

Arching

1

Climbing

1

Clump-Forming

1

Mat-Forming

1

Mound-Forming

1

Prostrate

1

Spreading

1

Stemless

1

Upright

1

 

Poisonous Plant

1

 

STAGE 1
GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark
1
, 2, 3

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2

Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

Scented Aquatic Plants
1


Plants with Scented Fruits
1


Plants with Scented Roots
1
, 2

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood
1


Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums
1


Scented Cacti and Succulents
1


Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell
1
, 2
 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 3

Fan-trained Shape
fantrainedshape2a1a1a

From Rhododendrons, boxwood, azaleas, clematis, novelties, bay trees, hardy plants, evergreens : novelties bulbs, cannas novelties, palms, araucarias, ferns, vines, orchids, flowering shrubs, ornamental grasses and trees book, via Wikimedia Commons

 

Ramblers Scramblers & Twiners by Michael Jefferson-Brown (ISBN 0 - 7153 - 0942 - 0) describes how to choose, plant and nurture over 500 high-performance climbing plants and wall shrubs, so that more can be made of your garden if you think not just laterally on the ground but use the vertical support structures including the house as well.

The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A Guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. (ISBN 0-670-82929-3) provides the lists for 'Choosing the right Shrub or Climber' together with Average Height and Spread after 5 years, 10 years and 20 years.

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3


Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club.
Published in 1962. It provides most of the data about the Alpines.

Plant Solutions 1000+ suggestions for every garden situation by Nigel Colborn ISBN
13:978
0 00 719312 7, provides many of the plants for the pages in these Galleries.

Essential Annuals The 100 Best for Design and Cultivation. Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell. ISBN 0-517-66177-2, provides data about annuals.

Indoor Bulb
Growing by
Edward Pearson
. Published by Purnell & Sons, Ltd in 1953. It provides the data about Indoor Bulbs and Bulbs in
Window-boxes.

Colour All The
Year In My Garden
: A selection of choice varieties - annuals, biennials, perennials, bulbs, climbers and trees and shrubs - that will give a continuity of colour
in the garden throughout the year. Edited by C.H. Middleton. Gardening Book
from Ward, Lock & Co published in 1938, provides plant data for a calendar of plants in bloom throughout the year and for those in the smallest garden.
The Book of Bulbs by S. Arnott, F.R.H.S. Printed by
Turnbull & Spears, Edinburgh in 1901. This provides data about Hardy Bulbs, Half-Hardy Bulbs, Greenhouse and Stove Bulbs.

Collins Guide to
Bulbs by Patrick
M. Synge
. ISBN
0 00 214016-0
First Edition 1961, Second Edition 1971, Reprinted 1973. This provides data on bulbs for bedding, bulbs in the border, bulbs naturalised in grass, bulbs in the woodland garden, bulbs in the rock garden, bulbs in pans in the alpine house, bulbs in the greenhouse, bulbs in bowls and the bulb frame.

Annuals & Biennials, the best annual and biennial plants and their uses in the garden by Gertrude Jekyll published in 1916 and
republished by Forgotten Books in 2012
(Forgotten Books
is a London-based book publisher specializing in the restoration of old books, both fiction and non-fiction. Today we have
372,702 books available to read online, download as ebooks, or
purchase in print.).

Cut Flowers All The Year from The New Illustrated
Gardening Encyclopedia
by Richard Sudell, printed before May 1935 for the plant names in each month, followed by details for culture and propagation.

Mr. Middleton's Garden Book by
Daily Express Publication,
reprinted 1941
for the individual
cultivar names with evergreen/
deciduous, flower colour, flower month and height.

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Tree and Shrubs in Garden Design -

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Clay Soils (neutral to slightly acid)

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Dry Acid Soils

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Shallow Soil over Chalk

Trees and Shrubs tolerant of both extreme Acidity and Alkalinity

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Damp Sites

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Industrial Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Cold Exposed Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Seaside Areas

Shrubs suitable for Heavy Shade

Shrubs and Climbers suitable for NORTH- and EAST-facing Walls

Shrubs suitable for Ground Cover

Trees of Pendulous Habit

Trees and Shrubs of Upright or Fastigiate Habit

Trees and Shrubs with Ornamental Bark or Twigs

Trees and Shrubs with Bold Foliage

Trees and Shrubs for Autumn Colour

Trees and Shrubs with Red or Purple Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Golden or Yellow Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Grey or Silver Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Variegated Foliage

Trees and Shrubs bearing Ornamental Fruit

Trees and Shrubs with Fragrant or Scented Flowers

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Foliage

Flowering Trees and Shrubs for Every Month:-
Jan
, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec

The following table shows the linkages for the information about the plants
described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening in The Gardeners' Golden Treasury, revised by A. G. L Hellyer F.L.S, Editor of 'Amateur Gardening', (thirty-first impression of original published in 1895) was published in 1960 by W. H. & L. Collingridge Limited,
between:-

  • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery (in this Table) and Stage 1 Fragrant Plants (in Table on left), then
  • Stage 2 - 3 Infill Plants Index Galleries (in Table on right), then
  • Stage 3a - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2 (in this Table)
  • Stage 3b - All2 Plants Index Gallery for Alpines without a Garden for your health and productivity (in this Table)
  • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right)
  • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right) with
    column for Deciduous / Herbaceous plants with the same foliage colour during their growing season and
    column for Evergreen plants with the same foliage colour during the entire year
  • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery (in Table on left)
  • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery (in Table on left)

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
It would be useful if when you decide to change your garden that you use a uniform garden style throughout your garden and the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY aims to provide pointers.
The new pages (April 2016) in the gallery will have a suitable list of plants on each page (as that plant gets further detailed in the ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY), then each row containing that plant name in the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY will also be updated. I aim to input details of plants starting with A in alphabetical order to Z.

Private Garden Design:-
What is your Budget and What are the purposes for your garden?
Designing for a purpose: Areas which require answers before answering your Designing for a Purpose Questionaire.
Then, do the Site Survey with Photographs, before putting the Current Garden Design on paper or in your computer.
Using the Broad Design elements of Scale, which Garden Style to use:-
Low Maintenance Garden Style, Cottage Garden Style, Wildlife Garden Style or Japanese Garden Style and the
Hard and Soft Landscaping elements, create the Broad Proposed Design. Then, the Detailed Design of each Hard Landscaping item followed by the Soft Landscaping elements: The Soil, changing the Microclimate; and the
Plant Selection is influenced by the Colour Wheel, with Plant Quantities determined by time to establish versus width between plants and Companion Planting will provide helpful neighbouring plants
or
Click on text in cells below to jump to that page describing that data
.

 


Container

Gardening at my work-place

 

<----

 

Yes
|
v


Do you want to garden and grow plants?

 

No

Cannot be bothered.
If you wish to improve your productivity and health, then, plant an Alpine Pan in your work area or at home using the information within Alpines without a Garden by Lawrence D. Hills, using these pages:-


Potted
House-plant


<----
|
|
v


No
Garden

At Home with Gard-ening Area


Yes


---->

Balcony Garden or Roof Garden


Yes
---->

Grow flowers for flower arranging and vegetables on Balcony Garden or Roof Garden

Pan Plant Back-grou-nd Colour

STAGE 3b
ALL2 PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

|
v


Conservatory Gardening

|
<--
|

 

|
No
-->

Outside Garden
|
v

Pan, Trough and Window-Box Odds and Sods
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14,
15

The beginner's dozen for the small pan

Plants for the pan gar-den


Stovehouse for Tropical Plants

|
<--

An extra dozen for the larger pan

Kinds of Pan Plants that may be split up and tucked in Corners and Crevices

|
|
v

Miniature trees and shrubs for pan

The leafy soil pan

The gritty soil pan

The Limy Soil Plan

Blue Flower Colour Pan Plants

Lilac, Violet and Purple Flower Colour Pan Plants

Reds, Carm-ines Flower Colour Pan Plants

Pinks Flower Colour Pan Plants

White Flower Colour Pan Plants and Bicol-ored

Yellow Flower Colour Pan Plants

Blue Flower Colour Trough Plants

Violet, Lilac and Purple Flower Colour Trough Plants

|
|
v

Reds and Carm-ines Flower Colour Trough Plants

Pinks - all shades Flower Colour Trough Plants

Yellow Flower Colour Trough Plants

White and Cream Flower Colour Trough Plants

Bi-colour-ed Flower Colour Trough Plants

Feb Flower Season Pan

Mar Flower Season Pan

Apr Flower Season Pan

May Flower Season Pan

Jun Flower Season Pan

Jul Flower Season Pan

Aug Flower Season Pan

Sep Flower Season Pan

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Pan

Nov Flower Season Pan

Pans for Semi-shade

Pans for In-doors

Mini-ature Pot

Feb Flower Season Trough

Mar Flower Season Trough

Apr Flower Season Trough

May Flower Season Trough

Jun Flower Season Trough

Jul Flower Season Trough

Aug Flower Season Trough

Sep Flower Season Trough

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Trough

Nov Flower Season Trough

Dec Flower Season Trough

Bulb Pan

Bulb Cover-ing Carp-eters

Trough and Window-box plants 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trough and Window-Box Background Colour

Pan Plant
Alpines without a Garden

ABC 1
Pan Plants

DEF 1
Pan Plants

GHI
Pan Plants

JKL 1
Pan Plants

|
|
v

MNO 1
Pan Plants

PQR 1
Pan Plants

STU 1
Pan Plants

V 1
Pan Plants

WXYZ 1
Pan Plants

You need to know the following:-
1. How much time per week are you prepared to look after your garden or prepared to pay someone else to do it for you?
2. How much are you are prepared to spend on creating your garden and then on its maintenance for its feeding and replacement of its plants and hard landscaping?
3. In order for you to go into your garden, there must be mystery in it, so that from any position in the house you cannot see all the garden, otherwise you will not be tempted to go out into it.
4. You must decide what garden style you are going to use THROUGHOUT the garden and make sure of using 3. the mystery in it as well.
5. What plants do you want to keep in your existing garden and incorporate into your new garden?
6. What Human Problems do you have and what Site Problems are there?

A) Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers List leads onto the
B) Bee Pollinated Bloom in Month galleries and
C) extra Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers.


<----

Human Prob-lems
v


---->

Blind,
Deaf,
in a Wheelchair, or
you cannot bend easily

 

 

 

Garden Style, which takes into account the Human Problems above

 

 

Classic Mixed Style


<----

Cottage Garden Style


<----

.
v


---->

Naturalistic Style

Formal English Garden

 

Mediterranean Style


<----

Meadow and Corn-field


<----

.
.
v


---->

Paving and Gravel inland,
Coastal Conditions near the sea, Seashore with shingle/sand

 

 

 

 

Problem Sites within your chosen Garden Style from the above

 

 

Exposure to Wind


<----

Excess Shade


<----

Exce-ssively Dry Shade


<----


<----

.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Exce-ssively Hot, Sunny and Dry Site is suitable for Drought Resistant Plants

Excessively Wet Soil - especially when caused by poor drainage

Control of Pests (Aphids, Rabbits, Deer, Mice, Mole, Snails) / Disease by Companion Planting in Garden

Whether your Heavy Clay or Light Sandy / Chalk Soil is excessively Alkaline (limy) / Acidic or not, then there is an Action Plan for you to do with your soil, which will improve its texture to make its structure into a productive soil instead of it returning to being just sand, chalk, silt or clay.


<----

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Problems caused by builders:- 1. Lack of soil on top of builders rubble in garden of just built house.
2. Clay soil of Garden slopes towards house with no drainage of this rainwater by the house wall.

In planning your beds for your garden, before the vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman planting is inserted into your soft landscaping plan, the following is useful to consider:-
1. The ground plan usually depends upon 1 or more unalterable existing features. The position of the doors of the house will dictate the positions of paths, the shortest route to the kitchen may indicate the best place for a paved area for eating and drinking out of doors, or the kept trees/shrubs may indicate what garden style is used.
2. Rules of Proportion -
A. A border should be roughly 1/2 as wide as the hedge or wall behind it.
B. The proportion of planted areas to paved or turfed areas should be 1/3 to 2/3, or a 1/4 to 3/4, not 1/2 and 1/2.
C. Within a bed or border, unless a 2-dimensional pattern on the ground is the objective, the height and bulk of the plants should be varied to avoid monotony; it is particularly important to provide strong planting, in terms of either height or bulk or both, at either end of a long bed.
D. The ground surface provides a background to the plants that is as important as the hedges, walls or fences that surround it. Grass is perhaps the most satisfying carpet to use, the cool green forming a restful antidote to the dancing colours of the flowers. Use different coloured pea-shingle inside Cedar Gravel for people in wheelchairs, or infirm in their legs or who suffer from Hay Fever.

Reasons for stopping infilling of Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page. From September 2017 will be creating the following new pages on Sense of Fragrance using Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders.
ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-

 

 

 

|
v

 

 

 

 

 

After you have selected your vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman plants for each bed or border, you will need to infill with plants taking the following into account:-

 

 

 

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark 1, 2, 3
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Sandy Soil 1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves 1, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit 1, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants 1, 2
Scented Aquatic Plants.
Plants with Scented Fruits.
Plants with Scented Roots 1, 2
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.
Scented Cacti and Succulents.
Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell 1, 2

Flower Perfume Group:-
Miscellaneous Group with scents - Balm, Brandy, Cedar, Cloying, Cowslip, Cucumber, Damask Rose, Daphne, Exotic, Freesia, Fur-like, Gardenia, Hay-like, Heliotrope, Honeysuckle, Hops, Hyacinth, Incense-like, Jasmine, Laburnham, Lilac, Lily of the Valley, Meadowsweet, Mignonette, Mint, Mossy, Muscat, Muscatel, Myrtle-like, Newly Mown Hay, Nutmeg, Piercing, Primrose, Pungent, Resinous, Sandalwood, Sassafras, Seductive, Slight, Soft, Stephanotis, Sulphur, Starch, Sweet, Sweet-briar, Tea-rose, Treacle and Very Sweet.

Flower Perfume Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group with scent - Hawthorn.
Heavy Group with scents -
Jonquil and
Lily.
Aromatic Group with scents - Almond,
Aniseed, Balsamic,
Carnation, Cinnamon, Clove,
Spicy and
Vanilla.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group with scent -
Verbena.
Fruit-scented Group with scents -
Apricot,
Fruity,
Green Apple,
Orange, Pineapple,
Ripe Apple , Ripe Banana and
Ripe Plum.
 

Flower Perfume Group:-
Animal-scented Group with scents -
Cat,
Dog,
Ferret,
Fox,
Goat,
Human Perspiration,
Musk,
Ripe Apple and
Tom Cat.
Honey Group.
Unpleasant Smell Group with scents -
Animal,
Fetid,
Fishy,
Foxy,
Fur-like,
Garlic,
Hemlock,
Manure,
Nauseating,
Perspiration,
Petrol,
Putrid,
Rancid,
Sickly,
Skunk,
Stale Lint
Sulphur and
Urinous,

Leaf Perfume Group:-
Turpentine Group.
Camphor and Eucalyptus Group.
Mint Group.
Sulphur Group.
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Heavy Group.
Aromatic Group.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group.
Fruit-scented Group.
Animal-scented Group.
Honey Group.

Scent of Wood, Bark and Roots Group:-
Aromatic Group.
Turpentine Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Stale Perspiration Group.

 

Scent of Fungi Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Sulphur Group.
Aromatic Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Fruit Group.
Animal Group.
Honey Group

Sense of Sight

Emotion of
Hot /Cool; Calm / Agitated

Emotion of
Low-key / High Key


<----

.
.
.
v

Emotion of
Inviting
/ Forbidding

Emotion of Intellectual versus Emotional

Sense of Touch

Sense of Taste

Sense of Sound

 

 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 for
lists of plants of 1 plant type for 1 cultivation requirement is in Table on right

 

 

 

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
Click on Blue or underlined text to jump to page comparing flower thumbnails of that blue colour in the
Other Plant Photo Galleries. RedPP is Red, Pink, Purple and Other is Unusual or Other Flower Colour.

Plant Type
with links to Other Plant Photo Galleries

ABC

DEF

GHI

JKL

MNO

PQR

STU

VWX

YZ

Alpine in Evergreen Perennial,
Herbaceous Perennial and Rock Garden

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Aquatic

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Annual/ Biennial

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bamboo

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bedding, 25
RHS Mixed Border Beds 75 and
Flower Shape, Flower Colour and Bedding Plant Use

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Bicolour

Other Flower Colours

White / Colour Bicolour

Bulb, 746 with Use, Flower Colour/Shape of
Allium / Anemone, Colchicum / Crocus, Dahlia, Gladiolus, Narcissus and Tulip

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Climber 71 Clematis, 58 other Climbers with Use, Flower Colour and Shape

1

Blue

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Conifer

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Deciduous Shrub 43 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Deciduous Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Evergreen Perennial 104 with Use, Flower Colour, Flower Shape and Number of Petals

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Shrub 46, Semi-Evergreen Shrub and Heather 74 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Fern with 706 ferns
within 21 types and 41 uses

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Grass

1

1

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

Herbaceous Perennial 91,
RHS Mixed Border Beds 176 and
Peonies 46 with Flower Colour/Shape

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Herb

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Odds and Sods

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rose with 720 roses within Flower Colour, Flower Shape, Rose Petal Count and Rose Use

1

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

 

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Soft Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Sub-Shrub

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Top Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Vegetable

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Wildflower 1918 with
Plants used by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterflies in the UK
I am inserting the plants described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening into STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

Red

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Multi-colour

Cream

Mauve

Brown

Shrub and Small Tree

Botanical Names Page

Common Names Page

Finally, you might be advised to check that the adjacent plants to the one you have chosen for that position in a flower bed are suitable; by checking the entry in Companion Planting - like clicking A page for checking Abies - and Pest Control page if you have a pest to control in this part of the flower bed.
Companion Planting
- A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
Pest Control using Plants

 

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
The planning a Rose Garden chapter from Rose Gardens by Jane Fearnley-Whitingstall ISBN 0 7011 3344 9 and
Plant Solutions by Nigel Colborn provides information for this gallery.

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 Reference books for these galleries in Table on left

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
In addition to these 10 galleries, there are links to the Other Plant Photo Galleries in the table above like Bulb , which have plant descriptions accessed by clicking a flower thumbnail in its flower comparison page. Click the respective flower colour - like Green - to change page to that flower colour comparison page. Then, you can also choose these other plants.
It will also state the Plant Combinations for each plant from The Ulimate Visual Guide to Successful Plant Harmony - The Encyclopedia of Planting Combinations by Tony Lord ISBN 1-55209-623-8

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY
Some extra details about the Cultivation Requirements of Plant:- Outdoor /Garden Cultivation, Indoor / House Cultivation, Cool Green-house Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter, Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year, and Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

Since 2006, I have requested photos etc from the Mail-Order Nurseries in the UK and later from the rest of the World. Few nurseries have responded.
I worked for a lady, who with her husband took 35 mm slides of plants in the 1960's and 1970's. She allowed me to digitise some of her Kodachrome slides, which I have used in my website. I discovered that at least the green colour of the foliage became very much darker over that period of years to 2008, by comparing wildflower photos from her slides with digital photos supplied by a current Wildflower mail-order nursery, so I stopped creating my Foliage Galleries.
I bought myself a camera some years ago and started taking photos, some of which have been put into the website. I started taking photos of the Heathers at the Royal Horticultural Society at Wisley garden. I have displayed the Heathers foliage in closeup since their leaves are 2mm long and in macro-scale in the Heather Galleries - sometimes the foliage colour at the terminal end of the foliage stem is only a few leaves, whereas others have the same foliage colour throughout the stem. I discovered that some of the heathers did not have the correct plant label, since the flower colour did not correspond with the flower colour in the literature. I was informed that since kids have free rein, that perhaps they move the plant labels. Since, I cannot rely that the heather plant label next to the heather plant is valid, I have stopped taking photos of those heathers.
This leaves a small problem, especially since very few gardens open to the public have their plants labelled so that the public can use the data on their label to buy that named plant from a nursery or garden centre. Currently (June 2018) I insert photos from Wikimedia Commons as well as my own.
I have found the above book - which does not contain any colour plant photos. Since it had the following experts help in creating it, I have decided to use its information in these 10 galleries to help the public:-

  • T.W. Sanders Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1895.
  • A.J Macself Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1926 - both Sanders and Macself had worked entirely to the handlists published by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • A.G.L. Hellyer in this work of revision and also in checking the all-important cultural notes sought the help of experts in the various classes of plant:-
    • Mr S.A. Pearce, Assistant Curator at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew undertook the revision of those genera of plants which in this country are mainly grown under glass.
    • Mr Will Ingwersen dealt with the Rock plants,
    • Mr N. Catchpole made himself responsible for trees and shrubs;
    • Mr G.A Phillips for herbaceous plants,
    • Mrs Francis Perry for water plants,
    • Mr A.J. Macself for ferns,
    • Mr E. Cooper for orchids,
    • Mr J.S Dakers for annuals,
    • Miss Doreen Crowther for fruit and vegetables

with the aid of further information from other books, magazines and cross-checking on the internet.
In this edition of the book Sander's Encyclopaedia, the individual soil mixtures to grow plants have been retained, for it was considered that many gardeners might still wish to use them in certain circumstances. The John Innes mixtures may be substituted wherever desired. Details of these individual mixtures will be put into these galleries.