Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill3 Plants Index Gallery:
Climber - Climbers and Wall Shrubs with Scented Flowers or Foliage

Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill3 Plants Index Gallery:
Climber - Climbers and Wall Shrubs with Scented Flowers or Foliage

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier for you to contact to buy this plant

Flower Colour

Sun Aspect of Full Sun,
Part Shade, Full Shade

with link to external website for photo/data

Flowering Months

with row in each month that it flowers in that colour in
STAGE 4A
12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
/

with link to
USA or
Canada
mail-order supplier

Height with Spacings or Width (W) in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour


with row in relevant pages that it has foliage of that colour in
STAGE 4B
12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

or
Background Colour nearest to middle-aged leaf colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Soil Moisture:-
Dry,
Moist,
Wet

with link to Australia or New Zealand mail-order supplier

 

with data for rows in
STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY and
STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Pages

Plant Type is:-

A for Aquatic
Ann for Annual / Biennial
Ba for Bamboo
Bu for Bulb
Cl for Climber
Co for Conifer
F for Fern
G for Grass
H for Herb
P for Perennial
Rh for Rhodo-dendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro for Rose
Sh for Shrub
So for Soft Fruit
To for Top Fruit
Tr for Tree
V for Vegetable
W for Wildflower

followed by:-
E for Evergreen,
D for Deciduous,
H for Herbaceous,
Alpine for being an Alpine as well as being 1 of above Plant Type /

 
Acid for Acidic,
Alk for Alkaline,
Any for AnySoil
 

with links to
STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2, 3
and
STAGE 3
ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2
pages
 

Use

Description

Pruning

Training

Average Height and spread
5 years

10 years

20 years

Problems

Similar Forms of Interest

Abeliophyllum distichum is Korean abelialeaf, White Forsythia
abeliophyllumcflodistichumwikimediacommons
Eine weiße Blüte des Zweizeiligen Abeliophyllums - Abeliophyllum distichum. By KTadesse, via Wikimedia Commons

Tiny, white, sweetly scented flowers with mauve-tinged basal shading when in bud.

Jan-Feb

60 x 60
(150 x 150) after 10 years

Opposite, oval, matt, dark-green leaves to 8cm (3in) often turning purple in autumn.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh D

Does well on all soils, except very alkaline.

Use - As a small, fragrant, early spring flowering deciduous wall shrub.

Foliage - Leaves ovate, 1-3 inches (2.5-7.5 cms) long, light green, often sparsely presented.

Stem - Shoots lend well to fan-training, using wires or individual anchor points. Slow to medium growth.

Fruit - Insignificant

May not withstand open/exposed sites or central/northern locations. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -15°C (5°F).

Pruning - None required. A hard prune every three to four years will control twigginess.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage a fan-trained shape.

Height/spread
5 years - 48 x 48 (120 x 120)
10 years - 60 x 60 (150 x 150)
20 years - 60 x 60 (150 x 150)
Protrudes up to 30 inches (76 cms) from support

Problems - Looks weak and uninteresting in a container - hence its limited planting.

None

Azara dentata

See Photo --->

Clusters of fragrant yellow flowers in spring, borne in profusion.

Very sheltered aspect. Tolerates full sun to mid shade.

May-Jun

After 10 years - 96 x 96 (240 x 240)

Bright green to glossy dark green with felted undersides.

Fastest covering Climbers and Wall Shrubs

Sh E

Does well on most soils but dislikes excessive alkalinity and waterlogging.

Use - As a fan-trained shrub for walls and fences in sheltered areas or in conservatories and greenhouses. This scented flowering evergreen is on the tender side, requiring the protection of a wall in winter if outside.

Foliage - Leaves ovate or oblong, 1-1.5 inches (2.5-4 cm) long, bright green to glossy dark green with felted undersides.

Stem - Light green to mid green. Upright when young, becoming more twiggy and spreading with age. Moderate rate of growth.

Pruning - None required.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage the fan-trained shape.

Height/spread
5 years - 60 x 60 (150 x 150)
10 years - 96 x 96 (240 x 240)
20 years - 144 x 144 (370 x 370)
Protrudes up to 48 inches (120 cm) from support.

Problems - None, apart from its lack of hardiness. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 23 degrees Fahrenheit (-5 degrees Centigrade).


azaracflosdentatawikimediacommons
Showing the development of Corcolen flowers, Chilean Lake District. By Dick Culbert from Gibsons, B.C., Canada, via Wikimedia Commons.

Azara lanceolata. Narrow, lanceolate leaves and mustard yellow flowers in early summer which are as fragrant as those of Azara dentata.

Azara serrata. Often confused with Azara dentata, producing similar scented flowers under the edges of each leaf. Leaves more serrated. In hot climates, or in hot summers, small white berries may be produced. One of the hardier forms.

Azara microphylla
azaracflormicrophyllawikimediacommons
Azara microphylla at the San Francisco Botanical Garden. By Stan Shebs, via Wikimedia Commons
azaracflomicrophyllawikimediacommons
with a flower cluster

Numerous very small, vanilla-scented, yellow to yellow/green flowers carried in clusters at leaf joints between late winter and early spring. Flowering can be very variable in performance.

Best in light to medium shade but will tolerate full sun if required as long as adequate moisture is available.

Attractive to bees.

Apr-May

After 10 years - 96 x 60 (240 x 150)

Small, obovate, entire or toothed, very dark green.

Hardy through most of the UK apart from inland valleys, at altitude and central/northerly locations. May suffer foliage damage and stem dieback in harsh winters in cold gardens.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh E

Soil - Tolerates a wide range of soil conditions, only disliking extremely wet or dry types.

Use - As a freestanding or fan-trained shrub for large walls and fences offering attractive evergreen foliage and formation in a sheltered position.

Foliage - Very attractive small oval leaflets, 1 inch (2.5 cm) long, round-ended, tooth-edges, dark shiny green, carried uniformly along branches in interesting formation.

Stem - Light green to dark green, becoming grey/green. Upright, slow to medium growth rate. Responds well to fan-training.

Fruit - None of interest.

Pruning - Not normally required but can have individual limbs removed in spring if necessary for training.

Training - Tie to wires or individual anchor points in a fan shape or llow to grow freestanding.

Height/spread
5 years - 60 x 36 (150 x 91)
10 years - 96 x 60 (240 x 150)
20 years - 192 x 120 (490 x 300)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cm) from support if fan-trained, 84 inches (210 cm) untrained.

Problems - Can reach the dimensions of a small tree given time and this should be allowed for in initial planting - it is worth remembering what the factors are that cause subsidence of buildings, especially tree roots in clay soils. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 14 degrees Fahreheit (-10 degrees Centigrade). Late spring frost may damage new growth.
Both of these below could be grown in conservatories in the UK:
Azara integrifolia plant does not tolerate snow, but can tolerate occasional freezing spells of about - 5° C (the typical morning frost of central Chile).
Azara petiolaris plant does not tolerate snow, but can tolerate occasional freezing spells of about - 5° C (the typical morning frost of central Chile).

Azara microphylla 'Variegata'. Edges of leaves creamy yellow. An interesting plant less hardy than its parent, so use in a conservatory.

Chimonanthus praecox is Fragrant Bittersweet, Wintersweet
chimonanthuscflopraecoxwikimediacommons
Chimonanthus praecox, Calycanthaceae, Japanese Allspice, flower. Botanical Garden KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany. By H. Zell, via Wikimedia Commons

Lemon yellow, sweetly-scented waxy, hanging, bell-shaped flowers with purple anthers, frost-hardy, borne in late winter on mature branches 3 or 4 years old. Try to plant it close to a house entrance or path where its scent can be appreciated. Highly prized by floral arrangers, a stem of these unusual, bowl-shaped blooms makes a wonderfully fragrant indoor display.

All but the most severe aspects. Full sun ripens the wood best for flowering. Tolerates light shade.

Dec-Feb

After 10 years - 96 x 96 (240 x 240)

Leaves light green to yellow green, some yellow autumn colour.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh D

Does well on most soils, especially alkaline.

Use - As a freestanding scented flowering deciduous wall shrub for winter display or for fan-training on sunny walls.

Foliage - Leaves light green to yellow green, medium-sized, elliptic, 3-7 inches (7.5 -18 cm) long, some yellow autumn colour.

Stem - Light green, strong, upright when young, ageing into brittle, twiggy branches. Medium growth rate, slowing with age.

Fruit - Insignificant.

Pruning - Normally not required.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage the fan-trained shape or can be allowed to grow freestanding.

Height/spread
5 years - 72 x 72 9180 x 180)
10 years - 96 x 96 (240 x 240)
20 years - 120 x 120 (300 x 300)
Protrudes up to 48 inches (120 cm) from support if fan-trained, 120 inches (300 cm) untrained.

Problems - Can be slow to deflower, especially in years when wood is slow to ripen. Looks unattractive in a container but grows rapidly once planted out.
Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 4 degrees Fahrenheit (-15 degrees Centigrade) but expect some die-back on growth produced in late autumn.

Chimonanthus praecox 'Grandiflora'. Deeper yellow flowers with an interesting red stain in the throat.

Chimonanthus praecox 'Luteus'. Clear bright yellow flowers with even more waxy texture, more open than in the parent.

Partner Plants:-

  • Helleborus × hybridus Harvington Smokey Blues,
  • Cornus alba 'Sibirica',
  • Mahonia × media 'Winter Sun',
  • Sarcococca confusa,
  • Jasminum nudiflorum,
  • Crocus tommasinianus

Choisya ternata is Mexican Orange Blossom
choisyacflosternatawikimediacommons
Choisya ternata. By MPF, via Wikimedia Commons

Fragrant, single, 0.5 inch (1 cm) wide, white, star-shaped, orange-scented flowers, borne in flat-topped clusters, late spring to early summer.

Tolerates all but the most exposed aspects. Equally good in full sun or deep shade.

They produce attractive white flowers (citrus fragrance) from late April to early June and sometimes a second flowering in October / November.

After 10 years - 72 x 72 (180 x 180)

Leaves glossy, mid to dark green, which when crushed give off an aromatic scent.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh E

Does well on most, although very severe alkaline soils may lead to chlorosis.

Use - As a very attractive evergreen shrub for scented, late spring to early summer flowering, but with training can become ann interesting wall shrub or an excellent low hedge. Choisyas can be grown in containers although they do need a bit of care in the winter. Potted plants are more susceptible to frost damage compared to those in the ground so we recommend placing your potted Choisya in a porch, open garage or in a protected position up against the house during the winter - November to March ideally.

Foliage - Leaves glossy, mid to dark green, trifoliate, 3-6 inches (7.5-15 cm) long, which when crushed give off an aromatic scent.

Stem - Light to bright green, glossy, upright, becoming spreading and twiggy with age, forming a fan-shaped shrub. Fast to medium rate of growth when young or pruned back, slowing with age.

Fruit - Insignificant.

Pruning - 3 methods of pruning are advocated:

  • cut back to within 12 inches (30 cm) of ground level after 3 to 4 years so it can rejuvenate itself and repeat process every third or fourth year following. This keeps the foliage glossy and encorages flowering.
  • Otherwise, on mature shrubs, remove one third of the oldest wood to ground level after flowering to encorage rejuvenation from centre and base and repeat annually. (I tend to prefer this method when I have maintained client's gardens)
  • Prune established plants in spring immediately after flowering, removing 25-30cm (10-12in) of the flowered stems. This encourages a second flush of flowers in late-summer and autumn. At the same time, remove any frost-damaged stems to the base.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage the fan-trained shape.

Height/spread
5 years - 60 x 60 (150 x 150)
10 years - 72 x 72 (180 x 180)
20 years - 84 x 84 (210 x 210)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cm) from support.

Problems - If pruning is neglected, plant becomes old, woody and unproductive. Plants are always relatively small when purchased but quickly mature when planted out.
Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 14 degrees Fahrenheit (-10 degrees Centigrade). Leaf damage can occur in lower temperatures or in severe wind chill. In some winters, may die back to ground level but can normally rejuvenate itself the following spring.

Choisya 'Aztec Pearl'. Clusters of fragrant, pink-tinged white flowers in late spring.

choisyacfloternataaztecpearlwikimediacommons
Choisya 'Aztec Pearl' (hybride between Choisya arizonica en Choisya ternata). By Wouter Hagens, via Wikimedia Commons

Choisya ternata 'Sundance'. Yellow/green foliage in spring, quickly becoming golden yellow which persists through winter. Slightly more tender. Two thirds average height an spread. Requires very light shade.

 

Partner plants - The glossy, evergreen leaves provide an excellent backdrop for medium-sized perennials and pale-grey or purple foliage plants.

The secret to stunning shrubs? Mix woody plants with perennials.

Clematis montana (some forms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Colletia cruciata

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cydonia oblonga

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cytisus battandieri

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Drimys winteri

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Elaeagnus commutata

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Elaeagnus x ebbingei

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Elaeagnus pungens

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hamamelis (some forms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hoheria

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hoya carnosa

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Itea ilicifolia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jasmimum officinale

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jasminum officinale (Variegated Forms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jasminum polyanthum

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jasminum x stephanense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lathyrus latifolius

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lathyrus odoratus

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ligustrum lucidum

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ligustrum ovalifolium

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lomatia myricoides

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lonicera
x brownii

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lonicera
caprifolium

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lonicera
etrusca

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lonicera
fragrantissima

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lonicera
japonica 'Aureo-reticulata'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lonicera
japonica 'Halliana'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lonicera
japonica henryii

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lonicera
japonica repens

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lonicera
nitida

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lonicera
pericly-menum (Hybrids)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lonicera
tragophylla

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Magnolia grandiflora

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Magnolia stellata

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Magnolia (Summer Flowering Forms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mandevilla splendens

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Osmanthus

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Passiflora caerulea

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Philadelphus (Medium-sized Forms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Philadelphus (Tall-growing Forms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Phillyrea

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Poncirus trifoliata

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pyracantha

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raphiolepis umbellata

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rosa (Climbing Musk Roses and Similar Forms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rosa (Climbing and Species Roses)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rosa (Modern Hybrid Climbing)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rosa (Old Climbing Roses prior to 1920)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rosa (Rambler Roses)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rosa (Shrub and Species Roses for fan-training)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Solanum jasminoides

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stauntonia hexaphylla

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Syringa microphylla 'Superba'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Syringa x persica

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Syringa x prestoniae

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trachelo-spermum asiaticum

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trachelo-spermum jasminoides

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Viburnum (Early Flowering Forms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Viburnum (Spring Flowering Scented Forms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vitex agnus-castus

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Many other climbers and wall shrubs may perform well with this type of cultivation but those listed above are the most reliable." from The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A Guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. (ISBN 0-670-82929-3) provides the lists for 'Choosing the right Shrub or Climber' together with Average Height and Spread after 5 years, 10 years and 20 years.
 

Abelia chinensis
(Chinese Abelia, Bush arbutus, Linnaea chinensis)

Supplier

Pruning. Thin crowded shoots after flowering and occasionally cut out an old branch to soil level. Propagate by half-ripe cuttings in July

Produces fragrant funnel-shaped White, rose-tinted flowers in terminal panicles. Flowers are 5mm (¼in) long with 5-lobed calyces. Its pink sepals remain long after flowering.

Full Sun
Photo

Abeliacflochinensiswikimediacommons1a

Flowers on new growth.

Jul-Oct

Supplier of Abelia chinensis 'Ruby Anniversary'

green deciduous foliage, Spreading,
Hedge ,
Attracts Butterflies,
Speciman,
Rest of Border

Space plants 60 inches (150 cms) apart when planting together

60 x 96
(150 x 250)

Fragrant
Flowers of
Petal-less, Trumpet-shaped,
Whorl Natural Arrangement

Use - As a deciduous flowering, fan-trained wall shrub, in a Container, as a Cut Flower and use for Screening

It has reddish stems and oval, glossy, dark-green leaves to 4cm (1½in) long, that become reddish-brown before autumn.
Grow against a wall in full sun.

Moist Soil

Supplier

Abeliacfolchinensiswikimediacommons1a

Chalky Soil

Sh D Any

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh D

Fertile, well-drained chalky soil

STAGE 3
ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERIES
1

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY with fragrant flowers

Shrub for Small Garden
 

Use - As a deciduous flowering, fan-trained wall shrub, in a Container, as a Cut Flower and use for Screening

Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters. May not withstand open/exposed sites or central/northern locations. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -15°C (5°F). Full Sun - shelter from cold drying winds.

Pruning - On established shrubs, remove one third pf the oldest shoots each year in early spring to encourage new flowering shoots.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage the fan-trained shape.

Abelia chinensis - taller growing with fragrant, rose-tinted flowers, Jul-Oct.

Abelia x grandiflora is Glassy Abelia
abeliacfloxgrandifloragarnonswilliams1

Fragrant pink and white, small to medium-sized, hanging, bell-shaped flowers borne in small clusters on wood 2-3 years old or more.

Jul-Oct

84 x 84
(210 x 210)

Olive-green with red shading.

Moist

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh Semi-Evergreen

Any Soil, but new growth less vigorous on dry soils.

Use - As a semi-evergreen flowering, fan-trained wall shrub and grow in patio containers using soil based compost such as John Innes No.3.

Foliage - Leaves 1-2.5 inches (2.5-6 cms) long, ovate, pointed, olive-green with red shading. May fall from late autumn or be retained into early spring following mild winter.

Stem - Light green with brown shading. Upright when young, becoming more branching in second and third year and darker brown. New shoots grow from base up through the older framework. By pruning and tying-in a fan-shaped effect can be achieved. Medium rate of growth.

Fruit - Small, translucent seeds in clusters.

Plants in the Abelia genus are extremely attractive to bees.

Pruning - On established shrubs, remove one third pf the oldest shoots each year in early spring to encourage new flowering shoots.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage the fan-trained shape.

Height/spread -
5 years - 60 x 60 (150 x 150)
10 years - 84 x 84 (210 x 210)
20 years - 108 x 108 (270 x 270)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (90 cms) from support.

Problems - May appear weak when purchased but once planted grows quickly. Wood can be extremely brittle so needs careful handling.

Abelia chinensis - taller growing with fragrant, rose-tinted flowers, Jul-Oct.

Abelia x 'Edward Goucher' - produces purple-pink trumpet flowers freely during Jul-Oct. Foliage grey/green.

Abelia floribunda - cherry-red flowers 2 inches (5 cms) long, borne in Jul-Sep. Slightly tender in most areas so fan-train on a sun-facing wall.

Abelia x grandiflora 'Francis Mason' - golden variegated leaf form, a shorter shrub and more tender than its parent, which can be used for informal hedging. Bears pale pink to white flowers with honey fragrance throughout Jul-Oct.

Abelia schumanii - a less vigorous and more tender form, bearing lilac-pink flowers throughout Aug-Dec.

Abelia triflora - scented pink-tinged white flowers borne in threes in June. Minimum winter temperature 23 degrees Fahrenheit (5 degrees Centigrade)

Acacia dealbata is Mimosa, Silver Wattle

 

In South Africa, the species is a Category 1 weed in the Western Cape (requiring eradication) and Category 2 weed (requiring control outside plantation areas) elsewhere. In New Zealand the Department of Conservation class it as an environmental weed.

The flowers are produced in large racemose inflorescences made up of numerous smaller globose bright yellow flowerheads of 13–42 individual flowers.

The flowers and tip shoots are harvested for use as cut flowers, when it is known by florist trade as "mimosa".

Jan-Apr

In spring the scented, nectar-rich blooms provide a valuable source of food for bees and other insects.

600-1200 x 240-360
(1500-3000 x 600-1000)

Evergreen fern-like 2-pinnate, hairy leaves, 12cm (5in) long, each with 40-80 linear, glaucous to silvery leaflets.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Tr E

Does best in light, well-drained soil. Severe alkaline conditions will cause chlorosis.

Use - As a freestanding, upright or fan-trained tree against very sheltered large wall, where they gain from the protection. It does not survive prolonged frost.

Foliage - Attractive grey-green, cut-leaved foliage 6-10 inches (15-25 cms) long and 6-8 inches (15-20 cms) wide.

Stem - Blue tinged grey/green, fast growing. Adapts to training.

Pruning - None except for training in a fan or upright shape.

Training - Will require fixing to wires or individual anchor points.

 

Height/spread
5 years - 84 x 84 (210 x 210) freestanding
5 years - 144 x 144 (370 x 370) fan-trained

10 years - 132 x 132 (340 x 340) freestanding
10 years - 216 x 216 (550 x 550) fan-trained

20 years - 168 x 168 (430 x 430) freestanding
2 years - 288 x 288 (730 x 730) fan-trained

Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cms) from support if fan-trained, 156 inches (400 cms) untrained.

 

Problems - May rarely survive outside the mildest areas in the UK. Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen. Except in frost-free inner-city areas or coastal extremities requires glasshouse conditions. Plant can withstand temperatures down to 1°C (34°F).

Acacia dealbata (Silver wattle, mimosa). Fern-like, silver-green foliage, masses of yellow flowers in Jan-Apr. One of the hardest forms. Requires glasshouse conditions in UK.
acaciacflosdealbatawikimediacommons1a
Acacia dealbata. By Alberto Salguero Quiles, via Wikimedia Commons

Acradenia frankliniae is Whitey Wood
acradeniacfolfrankiniaewikimediacommons
Acradenia frankliniae Hobart gardens. By Poyt448 Peter Woodard, via Wikimedia Commons

Flat-topped clusters of small, white 6 or 7 petals in each flower, each posy is 5cm (2 inches) across.

Apr-May

120 x 60
(300 x 150)

Dark Green foliage which is aromatic when crushed.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh E

Fertile, moist, well-drained, neutral to acid soil.

The habitat is the rainforest floor, often found near streams.

Use - As an evergreen wall shrub fan-trained for milder areas, best with shelter and some shade. It has grown well in our woodland gardens for many years and is generally hardy if sheltered from strong winds. It can also be grown in a large container if required.

Foliage - The opposite, paired leaves, 7cm (3 inches) long, are each made up of 3 narrow dark leaflets. They are dotted with pin-point oil glands and are aromatic when crushed.

Problems - Hardy through most of the UK apart from inland valleys, at altitude and central/northerly locations. May suffer foliage damage and stem dieback in harsh winters in cold gardens. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -10°C (14°F).

 

Aloysia triphylla is Lemon Verbena, Lemon beebrush
aloysiacforcitrodorawikimediacommons
Aloysia citrodora, Verbenaceae, Lemon Verbena, Lemon Beebrush, inflorescence; Botanical Garden Karlsruhe, Germany. By H. Zell, via Wikimedia Commons

Tiny, white and pale lilac flowers

Jul-Aug

108 x 108
(270 x 270)

Leaves - occasionally cooked as a spinach but more commonly used as a flavouring in salads, fruit salads.

Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Habitats - Fields and roadsides. Open scrub.

Base of Wall Plants for The Base and
Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh D

Use - As a fan-trained deciduous shrub on a South or West wall. The growing plant repels midges, flies and other insects. The essential oil is an effective insecticide in 1 - 2% concentration.

Pruning - Any pruning is best carried out in the spring.

Problems - Lemon verbena is not absolutely hardy, and in most areas is best planted in a safe, warm spot by The Base of Wall Plants for The Base where it will thrive; should it be damaged by severe weather, it can be cut back to sprout afresh.
It generally survives most winters outdoors if growing in a suitable position, though it is often cut back to ground level and then resprouts from the base in late spring or early summer.
It makes an erect shrub with whorls of rough, narrowly elliptic leaves that readily emit the lemon scent when bruised.
Giving the roots a good, thick organic mulch will confer extra protection from winter cold.

 

Actinidia arguta is Hardy kiwi
actinidiacflosargutawikimediacommons
Actinidia arguta, Male flowers, Aizu area, Fukushima pref., Japan. By Qwert1234, via Wikimedia Commons.

0.75 inches (19 mm) across, white with dark purple anthers, fragrant; borne in pairs. Normally only produced in warm climates.

This perennial vine produces a small fruit resembling the kiwifruit.

All but the most exposed aspect. Light shade to full sun.

Wildlife friendly - attracts bees and other pollinating insects.

After flowering in June, small green fruits dotted white mature over the Summer ready for harvest late September / October.
actinidiacfrusargutawikimediacommons
Cross-sectioned and whole Hardy Kiwifruit (Actinidia arguta), commonly called "Baby Kiwis" or "Kiwi Berries". These particular Hardy Kiwis were grown in New Zealand during the February 2010 season. By Hiperpinguino, via Wikimedia Commons.

144 x 144 (370 x 370)

Light green turning a good yellow in autumn.

Twining Climber for Non-House Walls, Fences, Pergolas

Cl D

Requires a moist, rich, prefering slightly acidic soil.

Use - As a free-growing deciduous climbing plant for covering large areas, at its best when showing its autumn foliage colour. Produces fruit in favourable areas. Good on non-house walls, fences, or pergolas; can be allowed to ramble through large shrubs and trees to provide interest.

They require a sunny, sheltered position, ideally a south or west facing wall. They also grow well along a pergola. In milder areas they can be grown out in the open.

Foliage - Oval, pointed, with toothed edges, up to 5 inches (12 cm) long and 2 inches (5 cm) wide. Light green turning a good yellow in autumn.

Stem - Grey-green when young, becoming light brown; slightly downy texture. Twining and twisting. Attractive in winter. Medium to fast growing.

Fruit - Oblong, green-yellow, edible. Only produced in warm climates.

Pruning - Not normally required but can be contained by removal of any offending lateral shoots. It quickly rejuvenates itself with vigorous new growth.

Training - Allow to ramble through trees or large shrubs. Provide wires or other large-scale support systems. It twines and does not normally require tying in.

Height/spread
5 years - 144 x 144 (370 x 370)
10 years - 240 x 240 (600 x 600)
20 years - 360 x 360 (900 x 900)
Protrudes up to 24 inches (60 cm) from support.

Problems - Can be shy to flower and therefore shy to fruit in all but the warmest areas (like the Isle of Wight or Channel Islands in the UK), although it is worth growing for the autumn foliage effect. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 13 degrees Fahrenheit (-10 degrees Centigrade).

Actinidia arguta 'Cordifolia'. Narrow foliage, scarce.

Actinidia arguta 'Aureo-variegata'. Golden variegated foliage. Scarce.

Actinidia kolomikta is Kolomikta vine, michurin actinidia
actinidiacfloskolomiktawikimediacommons
The fly on the flower of cultivated Actinidia kolomikta. Moscow region, Russia. By Bff, via Wikimedia Commons.

Unattractive white fragrant flowers with yellow anthers 0.5 (1 cm) wide; borne in groups of one to 3.

Requires some shelter from exposed aspects. Tolerates light shade but prefers full sun.

Jun


actinidiacfruskolomiktawikimediacommons
Kiwis arctiques (Actinidia kolomikta) du Jardin de la Paix de l'école primaire Louis-Colin à Montréal, Québec, Canada. By Linsouciant1, via Wikimedia Commons.

200 x 160
500 x 400)

Tips start white and age to pink, contrasting with dark green remainder, some yellow autumn colour.

Twining Climber for Non-House Walls, Fences, Pergolas

Cl D

Tolerates both alkaline and acid conditions but may produce more growth on neutral to acid types. Well drained and well fed soil is advised.

Use - As an attractive foliaged climber for sunny positions both on non-house walls and fences.

Foliage - 3-6 inch (7.5-15 cm) long 2-4 inches (5-10 cm) wide oblong ovate leaves with pronounced veins and toothed edges; tips start white and age to pink, contrasting with dark green remainder, some yellow autumn colour.

Stem - Slender, deep mahogany brown. Not normally self clinging. Medium to fast growing.

Fruit - Oval, yellow, 1 inch 92.5 cm) long, sweet and edible but not normally used for culinary or dessert purposes.

Pruning - Normally requires none other than cutting in early spring to keep within bounds.

Training - Tie main vines to wires against walls and fences as required.

Height/spread
5 years - 60 x 60 (150 x 150)
10 years - 156 x 156 (400 x 400)
20 years - 240 x 240 (600 x 600)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cm) from support.

Problems - Can, on very dry soils, lose its leaves prematurely in late summer. Attractive to cats which claw the vines, causing damage. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 14 degrees Fahrenheit (-10 degrees centigrade).

 

Actinidia polygama is Silver Vine, Cat Powder
actinidiacflospolygamawikimediacommons
日本語: マタタビの両性花 福島県会津地方. By Qwert1234 at Japanese Wikipedia, via Wikimedia Commons.

Fragrant white flowers followed by Yellow fruit if both male and female plants are present.

Succeeds in semi-shade but full sun is best for fruit production.

Jun-Jul and the seeds ripen from Oct-Nov


actinidiacfruspolygamawikimediacommons
日本語: マタタビ 青森県大鰐町折紙. By Aomorikuma at ja.wikipedia, via Wikimedia Commons.

240 x
(600 x )

The green leaves are ovate, 6" long, often variegated w/ white or pale yellow.

Moist well-drained soil.

Twining Climber for Non-House Walls, Fences, Pergolas

Cl D

Use - As a deciduous climber on south or west non-house walls and over shrubs and trees.
The silvervine kiwi owes its name to the silvery discoloration of the leaves, which is especially common among male plants. The leaves, which seem to be grey-green at first, gradually change to a yellowish colour and gain their sweet taste after the first night of frost. For this purpose, they have a spicy flavour which is somewhat comparable to that of a red pepper.

Foliage - The leaves are hallucinogenic and sedative. The leaves contain substances that make them very attractive to cats and for this reason they are especially useful as a sedative for lions etc in zoos. When consumed in large quantities the leaves can have a mild hallucinatory effect.

Fruit - raw or cooked. Not very palatable, it is eaten salted. Some cultivars have nice flavoured fruits. The fruit contains up to 5 times the vitamin C. of blackcurrants.

Pruning - Best carried out in the winter.

Problems - The flowers are dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required) and are pollinated by bees, insects.The plant is not self-fertile.
Plants are hardy to about -30°c. when dormant but young growth in spring can be cut back by late frosts.

"Forest Gardening / Food Forests

Design Course

Learn how to design, implement and maintain a temperate forest garden or food forest, with frequent visits into our 22-year-old established forest garden." from The Agroforestry Research Trust is a non-profit making charity, registered in England, which researches into temperate agroforestry and into all aspects of plant cropping and uses, with a focus on tree, shrub and perennial crops.

Buddleia alternifolia is Fountain buddleia, Alternate-leaved butterfly bush
buddleiacflosalternifoliawikimediacommons
Buddleja alternifolia. Permission granted to use under GFDL by Kurt Stueber, via Wikimedia Commons.

Small bunches of very fragrant, lilac-coloured, small, trumpet-shaped flowers bone along graceful , arching branches in early summer.

Tolerates all but the most severe of aspects. Best in full sun, tolerates slight dappled shade.

Jul-Aug

After 10 years - 144 x 144 (370 x 370)

Grey-green with yellow autumn colour.

Fastest covering Climbers and Wall Shrubs

Sh D

Prefers good, rich, deep soil, although tolerates other soil types.

Use - As a large late summer to early autumn flowering, graceful, arching deciduous wall shrub. It is is endemic to Kansu, China, where it grows along river banks in thickets. Wall use is particularly suitable for the variety Buddleia alternifolia 'Argentea'. It is also used in woodlands, hedges and on banks, as well as in butterfly gardens.

Foliage - Leaves grey/green, lanceolate. 1.5-4 inches (4-10 cm) long, giving yellow autumn colour.

Stem - Grey/green to mid green, vigorous, long, upright, becoming arching. Fast growing.

Fruit - Brown to grey/brown seedheads in autumn and winter.

Pruning - Thin out one third of growth after flowering on established shrubs.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage the fan-trained shape.

Height/spread
5 years - 96 x 96 (240 x 240)
10 years - 144 x 144 (370 x 370)
20 years - 180 x 180 (460 x 460)
Protrudes up to 72 inches (180 cm) from support.

Problems - When offered for sale it resembles an old, woody shrub. Once planted out, however, it grows quickly and often fills a larger space than anticipated. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 4 degrees Fahrenheit (-15 degrees Centigrade).

Buddleia alternifolia 'Argentea'. Slightly more tender and lower growing, with attractive silver foliage and slightly paler blue flowers. Best protected by a sunny, sheltered wall.

The Buddleja Garden is a website about Buddlejas with original content and aims to provide useful information for both gardeners and plantsmen.

Berberis x stenophylla is Barberry
berberiscflosstenophyllawikimediacommons
Berberis × stenophylla. By Jerzy Opioła, via Wikimedia Commons.

Small straw-yellow scented cup-shaped flowers and in autumn there are plentiful blue/black berries, which are attractive to birds.

Full Sun, but is Part Shade tolerant

Apr-May

96 x 120-160
(240 x 300-400)

Small, narrow, dark green, young shoots purplish.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh E

Tolerant of most moist soils and positions including coastal, other than very wet and windy places.

Use - As a spring flowering evergreen wall shrub, an informal hedge or as a specimen. Vigorous spreading habit. Serious thorns and a dense habit make it a useful roosting, hiding and nesting place for birds and a thorny boundary hedge. Berberis can also be used in the rock garden.

Prune after flowering if required.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage the fan-trained shape.

CRC for Australian Weed Management is a publication on the introduced plants to Australia - Everyone who uses plants needs to be aware of the weed potential of those plants and to be able to make informed decisions about which ones to use in their operations.

Berberis x stenophylla  ‘Claret Cascade’  Rich orange flowers flushed scarlet, April and May, followed by small, blue-black berries. Small, narrow, dark green, young shoots purplish, evergreen. Height up to 2 metres. Spread about 2.5 metres.

Berberis x stenophylla  ‘Irwinii’  Deep yellow flowers in April and May. Small narrow, dark green, leaves, evergreen. Height a small arching shrub up to 1 metre. Spread about 1 metre.

Callistemon citrinus, Melaleuca citrina is Common red, crimson or lemon bottlebrush
callistemoncflocitrinuswikimediacommons
Callistemon citrinus - Crimson Bottlebrush. By tomsaint11, via Wikimedia Commons

Native to Australia

Tufted, brush-like spikes of red flowers, vey dense in formation, mid to late summer. Attracts bees, birds (as a source of food), and butterflies/moths.

Requires a very protected aspect in full sun. Does not tolerate any shade.

Jul-Aug

Melaleuca citrina occurs in near coastal areas of New South Wales, including the Blue Mountains and extends as far west as the Central Western Slopes. It also occurs in the east coast areas of Victoria and grows in swamps and along creeks and rivers.

After 10 years - 120 x 120 (300 x 300)

Light green, often with red/orange shading or pronounced coloured veins. They release an aromatic lemon scent when bruised.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh E

Good, rich, acid, well-drained, sandy soil. Dislikes any alkalinity. If planted in a container in conservatories and greenhouses, the diameter of the container must be at least 21 inches |(55 cm) and a lime-free potting compost must be used.

Use - As a large, summer flowering evergreen shrub for mild districts such as outside in the Isle of Wight. Ideal in large conservatories and greenhouses.

Foliage - Narrow, lanceolate leaves, 1-1.5 inches (2.5-4 cm) long, light green, often with red/orange shading or pronounced coloured veins. They release an aromatic lemon scent when bruised.

Stem - Light green to grey/green, ageing to grey/brown. Upright when young, becoming more spreading with age. Medium rate of growth, slowing with age.

Fruit - May produce interesting, tufted, light brown seedheads.

Pruning - None required. Remove an old shoot occasionally to rejuvenate from the base.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage the fan-trained shape.

Height/spread
5 years - 72 x 72 (180 x 180)
10 years - 120 x 120 (300 x 300)
20 years - 144 x 144 (370 x 370)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cm) from support.

Problems - Not to be grown in alkaline (chalky) soils or in locations with winter conditions well below freezing. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 23 degrees Fahrenheit 9-5 degrees Centigrade).

Callistemon citrinus 'Splendens'. For the greatest flowering potential, grow this in front of a sunny wall or in a container which you can bring indoors in autumn. Plant beside a sheltered sunny wall for the best flower displays. To propagate, take cuttings in spring.

Callistemon linearis has narrow, rigid, dark-green leaves with points on them. It bears red flowers in spikes up to 10cm in length from late spring to autumn.

Callistemon pallidus has creamy yellow flowers that appear in the spring and last until mid summer. Height and spread 2m to 4m.

Callistemon salignus is also known as the willow bottlebrush. This species can grow up 15m tall, with a spread of 5m. It has delicate lemon-coloured flowers and papery white bark.

Callistemon viridiflorus bears yellow-green flowers and has densely arranged sharp-pointed dark-green leaves. It grows to a height of 1.5m and spread of 2m.

Caryopteris x clandonensis 'Heavenly Blue' is Bluebeard, Blue-spirea, Blue-mist Shrub
caryopteriscflosclandonensisheavenlybluewikimediacommons
Caryopteris clandonensis 'Heavenly Blue'. By Wouter Hagens, via Wikimedia Commons

There is National Plant Collection of Caryopteris at Bristol Zoo.

Produces axillary or terminal cymes of deepest blue flowers to 1cm (½in) across.

Full Sun

Aug-Oct

40 x 60
(100 x 150)

Lance-shaped, slightly-toothed, grey-green leaves to 5cm (2in) long.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh D

Medium to light, fertile, well-drained soil

These deciduous shrubs like a sunny, sheltered position, preferably against a wall in cold districts, and thrive in sandy loam with leaf-mould and peat, if available, added. Plant in March or April. Cut back the previous summer's shoots rather hard in February, leaving strong growths 9-12 inches (23-30 cms) from the base. Remove thin growths entirely or cut them back to 1 or 2 buds. After pruning apply a generous 5-7cm (2-3in) mulch of well-rotted garden compost around the base of the plant. In cold districts protect the stools from frost in winter with a heap of ashes. Where temperatures fall below -15°C it's best grown against a warm, south or west-facing wall.

Problems - Hardy through most of the UK apart from inland valleys, at altitude and central/northerly locations. May suffer foliage damage and stem dieback in harsh winters in cold gardens. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -10°C (14°F).

It is also a magnet for bees and butterflies and is drought-tolerant. The shrubs have the added bonus of aromatic leaves.

 

Partner Plants - Looks very becoming planted as a backdrop to low-growing architectural grasses or underplanted with summer bulbs such as galtonia and acidanthera.
Perhaps in a Ready-Made Border.
As a cottage garden display, Caryopteris comes into its own planted as a border edge to old English favourites such as hollyhocks, delphiniums, and lupins. This fine combination of structural planting can lift and enhance any cottage-style planting scheme.

Caryopteris x clandonensis 'Worcester Gold'. Golden foliage and Bright Blue flowers.

Caryopteris x clandonensis 'Dark Knight'. Violet-blue flowers.

Caryopteris × clandonensis 'Hint of Gold' ('Lisaura'). The lime foliage sets of the rich cobalt blue flowers.

Caryopteris × clandonensis 'Pink Perfection' ('Lisspin'). It has a bushy, upright habit, with leafy stems that are topped with tiered whorls of rose pink buds, which open to soft pink blooms towards the end of summer. It's a great plant for extending the season of interest in a mixed border, but also fits easily into a Mediterranean or gravel-style planting scheme.

Caryopteris incana 'Sunshine Blue'. Bright yellow leaves giving good colour all summer. Dark blue flowers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 3
PAGES

Site Map

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY PAGES Links to pages in Table alongside on the left with Garden Design Topic Pages

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

Plant Type
 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 with its Cultivation Requirements

Alpines for Rock Garden (See Rock Garden Plant Flowers)

Alpine Shrubs and Conifers

The Alpine Meadow
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

The Alpine Border
1
, 2

Alpine Plants for a Purpose

The Alpines that Dislike Lime 1, 2

Alpines and Walls
Dry Sunny Walls 1a, b
Tops of Walls 2a, b
Dry Shady and Conifers 3a, b

Alpines and
Paving
1
, 2

Sink and Trough gardens
1
, 2

Aquatic
(Water Plants) for

Anti-erosion River-bank

Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants)
1
, 2

Oxy-genating Weeds

Water Lilies

Floating Plants

Water-side Plants
and Plants for Dry Margins next to a Pond
1
, 2

Wildlife Pond Plants

Annual for

----------------



 

 

ANY PLANT TYPE for
Cut Flowers in
January 1, 2
February
March 1, 2
April
May 1, 2
June 1, 2
July 1, 2
August
September
October
November
December

Exposed Sites

Sheltered Sites with Green-house Annuals from 1916

Extra Poor Soil with Half-Hardy Annuals from 1916

Very Rich Soil with Biennials from 1916

Gap-filling in Mixed Borders with Hardy Annuals from 1916

Patio Con-tainers

Cut Flowers
1
, 2, 3 Ever-lasting Flowers with Red Flowers from 1916

Attract-ing bene-ficial insects
1
, 2

Scent / Fra-grance with Annuals for Cool or Shady Places from 1916

Low-allergen Gardens for Hay Fever Sufferers

Annual Plant Pairing Ideas and Colour Schemes with Annuals
1
, 2

Low-Growing Annuals
1
, 2

Medium-Growing Annuals

Tall-Growing Annuals with White Flowers from 1916

Black or Brown Flowers

Blue to Purple Flowers

Green Flowers with Annuals and Biennials from 1916

Red to Pink Flowers and Cut Flowers
Page
1
, 2, 3

White Flowers
1
, 2

Yellow or Orange Flowers
1
, 2

Dec-orative Foliage

Moist Soil

Shade
1
, 2

House-plants with Yellow Flowers from 1916

Edging Beds

Hanging Baskets

Vining Annuals

 

Bedding for

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Autumn/ Winter Bedding

Bedding for Light Sandy Soil

Bedding for Acid Soil

Bedding for Chalky Soil

Bedding for Clay Soil

Black Flowers

Blue Flowers

Orange Flowers

Pink Flowers

Long Flowering

Coloured Leaves

Attract-ive to Wildlife including Bees, Butterflies and Moths

Purple Flowers

Red Flowers

White Flowers

Yellow Flowers

Multi-Coloured Flowers

Aromatic Foliage or Scented Flowers

Bedding Plant Use

Flowers with 2 Petals

Flowers with 3 Petals

Flowers with
4 Petals

Flowers with 5 Petals

Flowers with 6 Petals

Flowers with more than 6 Petals

Use in Hanging Baskets

Flower Simple Shape

Shape of
Stars

Shape of
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Shape of
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Shape of
Trumpets and Funnels

Shape of
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

Use in Pots and Troughs

Flower Elabo-rated Shape

Shape of
Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Shape of
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Shape of
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

 

Use in
Screen-ing

Use in
Window Boxes

Shape of
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

Shape of
Discs and Florets

Shape of
Pin-Cushions and Tufts

Shape of
Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

 

Use in Bedding Out

Use in
Filling In

Biennial for

Cottage and Other Gardens
1
, 2

Cut Flower with Biennials for Rock Work from 1916

Patio Con-tainers with Biennials for Pots in Green-house / Con-servatory

Bene-ficial to Wildlife with Purple and Blue Flowers from 1916

Scent with Biennials for Sunny Banks or Borders from 1916

 

 

Bulb for
--------------
Explan-ation Intro to Bulbs
--------------
725 Blue, White, Yellow, Unusual Colour, or Red-Purple-Pink flowering Bulbs in each month they flower.

Indoor Bulbs for
Dec-ember
January
February

Indoor Bulbs for
March
April
May

Indoor
Bulbs for
June
July
August

Indoor Bulbs for Sep-tember
October
November

Bulbs in Window-boxes
1
, 2

Bulbs in the Border

Bulbs natural-ised in Grass

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Dec-Jan
Feb-Mar

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Apr-May
Jun-Aug 1, 2, 3, 4

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Sep-Oct
Nov-Dec

Any Plant Type Blooming in Smallest of Gardens

Bulbs for the Bulb Frame

Bulbs in the Wood-land Garden

Bulbs in the Rock Garden

Bulbs in Green-house or Stove

Achi-menes, Alocasias, Amorpho-phalluses, Aris-aemas, Arums, Begonias, Bomar-eas, Calad-iums

Clivias,
Colo-casias, Crinums, Cyclam-ens, Cyrt-anthuses, Euchar-ises, Urceo-charis, Eurycles

Freesias, Gloxinias, Hae-manthus, Hipp-eastrums

Lachen-alias, Nerines, Lycorises, Pen-cratiums, Hymen-ocallises, Richardias, Sprekelias, Tuberoses, Vallotas, Watsonias, Zephy-ranthes

Bulbs in Bowls

Bulbs in the Alpine House

Hardy Bulbs

Aconitum, Allium, Alstroe-meria, Anemone 1, 1a

Amaryllis, Antheri-cum, Antholy-zas, Apios, Arisaema, Arum, Aspho-deline,

Aspho-delus, Belam-canda, Bloom-eria, Brodiae, Bulbo-codium

Calo-chorti, Cyclo-bothras, Camassia, Col-chicum, Con-vallaria,
Forcing Lily of the Valley, Corydalis, Crinum, Crosmia, Mon-tbretia , Crocus

Cyclamen, Dicentra, Dierama, Eranthis, Eremurus, Ery-thrnium, Eucomis

Fritillaria, Funkia, Gal-anthus, Galtonia, Gladiolus, Hemero-callis

Hya-cinth, Hya-cinths in Pots,
Scilla, Pusch-kinia, Chion-odoxa, Chiono-scilla, Muscari

Iris,
Kniphofia, Lapey-rousia, Leucojum

Lilium,

Lilium in Pots, Malvastrum, Merendera, Milla, Narcissus, Narcissi in Pots

Orni-thogalum, Oxalis, Paeonia, Ran-unculus, Romulea, Sanguin-aria,
Stern-bergia,
Schi-zostylis, Teco-philaea, Trillium

Tulip,
Zephy-ranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs

Acidan-thera, Albuca, Alstroe-meri, Andro-stephium, Bassers, Boussing-aultias, Bravoas, Cypellas, Dahlias, Galaxis,
Geis-sorhizas, Hesper-anthas

Gladioli, Ixias,
Sparaxises, Babianas, Morphixias, Tritonias

Ixio-lirions, Moraeas, Orni-thogal-ums, Oxalises, Phaedra-nassas,
Pan-cratiums, Tigridias, Zephyr-anthes, Cooper-ias

Bulbs for Bedding

Plant each Bedding Plant with a Ground, Edging or Dot Plant for
Spring
1
, 2
or
Summer
1
, 2

Climber 3 sector Vertical Plant System with

Any Plant Type flowers in
Jan,
Feb,
Mar,
Apr,
May 1, 2
Jun,
Jul,
Aug,
Sep,
Oct,
Nov,
Dec
 

----------
Choosing the right Plant

1a.
The Base -
Base of Wall Plants

1b.
Annuals

1c.
Herbs and Vege-tables

1d.
Cut
flowers, Cut Foliage

1e.
Scented flower or foliage

1f.
Foliage use only

 

2a. 1,2,3,4
The Prime - Wall Shrubs

2b.
Fruit trees

3a.
The Higher Reaches -
House-wall Ramblers

3b. 1,2
Non-House-Wall - Climbing Twiners

3c.
Non-House-Wall - Self-clinging Climbers

Raised
Bed
for Wheel-chair Users

Plants for Wildlife-Use as well

Fastest Covering

Least prot-ruding growth when fan-trained

1, 2
Evergreen

Use as
Hedge

Exposed Positions

Use as Ground-cover

1,2
Ornam-ental Fruit

Scented Flowers

1, 2
Autumn Foliage Colour

Winter Bark

Winter and Early Spring Flowers

Summer Colour or Shape of Foliage

Edible Fruit

Needs Conserv-atory or Green-house

Large
Pots and Con-tainers
1
, 2

Cut Flowers

Attractive to Bees

Climber - Simple Flower Shape

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a
Stars

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1a1
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord2
Trumpets and Funnels

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming
Salverform

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14q1
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

 

Climber - Elaborated Flower Shape

prunellaflotgrandiflora
Tubes, Lips and Straps

aquilegiacfloformosafoord
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14u1a
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14v1a
Standards, Wings and Keels

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock
Disks and Florets

andosacecforyargongensiskevock
Pin-cushions, Tufts, Petal-less and Cushions

armeriaflomaritimakevock
Umbels, Buttons and Pompoms

 

STAGE 4A 12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Brown

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Cream

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
White

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1 Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Multi-Colou-red

1
Each Flower Diff-

1
erent Colour

 

STAGE 4B 12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
Deciduous Shrubs or Trees, Herbaceous Perennials or Bulbs- if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.
Evergreen Shrubs or Trees, Evergreen Perennials - if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.

Jan Win

Feb Win

Mar Spr

Apr Spr

May Spr

Jun Sum

Jul Sum

Aug Sum

Sep Aut

Oct Aut

Nov Aut

Dec Win

Decid
Herba

Ever-green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Black

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Bronze

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Grey

1
White

1
Silver

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Varie-gated

1

1

1

1

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


Site design and content copyright ©October 2016.
Top menus revised June 2018. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

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Services

Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders - was first published in 1977 and this paperback edition was published on 1 August 1994 ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-
This comprehensive book looks at scented flowers and leaves of plants from all over the world. The work has been prepared to the standards of the Index Kewensis, and is filled with the most interesting facts about the scented flora of the world.

I am using the above book from someone who took 30 years to compile it from notes made of his detailed observations of growing plants in preference to
The RHS Companion to Scented Plants Hardcover – 16 Oct 2014 by Stephen Lacey (Author), Andrew Lawson (Photographer) ISBN 978-0-7112-3574-8 even though this is the only major reference work on scent and scented plants which is endorsed by the Royal Horticultural Society. See reasons for stopping infilling of previous Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page.

The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950 by Faber and Faber Limited describes every method of propagation for 2,500 species. Unlike modern books published since 1980, this one states exactly what to do and is precisely what you require if you want to increase your alpines.

Topic
Case Studies
Companion Planting

...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design

...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants

...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
Bulb
Climber

 

Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12

All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index

All Foliage 212
All Spring Foliage 212

All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212
Rock Plant Flowers 53

 

Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...Infill2 Plants
...Infill3 Plants *
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...All2 Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

 

Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods

Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable

Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

 

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY

 

Cultivation Requirements of Plant

Outdoor / Garden Cultivation

1

Indoor / House Cultivation

1

Cool Greenhouse (and Alpine House) Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter

1

Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year

1

Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

1

 

Sun Aspect

Full Sun

1

Part Shade

1

Full Shade

1

 

Soil Type

Any Soil

1

Chalky Soil

1

Clay Soil

1

Lime-Free Soil

1

Peaty Soil

1

Sandy Soil

1

Acid Soil

1

Alkaline Soil

1

Badly-drained Soil

1

 

Soil Moisture

Dry

1

Moist

1

Wet

1

 

Position for Plant

Back of Shady Border

1

Back of Shrub Border

1

Bedding

1

Bog Garden

1

Coastal Conditions / Seaside

1

Container in Garden

1

Front of Border

1

Ground Cover 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

1

Ground Cover 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

1

Ground Cover Over 72 inches (180 cms)

1

Hanging Basket

1

Hedge

1

Hedge - Thorny

1

Pollution Barrier

1

Pond

1

Pot in House, Greenhouse, Conservatory or Stovehouse

1

Raised Bed

1

Rest of Border

1

Rock Garden

1

Scree Bed

1

Speciman on Lawn

1

Sunny Border

1

Tree for Lawn

1

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden

1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9, 10,
11,12,
13,14,
15,16,
uses of tree/ shrub

Wildflower

1

Windbreak

1

Woodland

1

 

Use of Plant

Pollen or nectar for Bees

1

Hosts to Butterflies

1

Encouraging birds / wildlife, providing food and shelter

1

Bee-Pollinated plants for Hay Fever Sufferers

1

Berries / Fruit

1

Dry Site in Full Sun

1

Dry Shade

1

Filtering noise

1

Flower Arrange-ments

Growing Plants for the Church

1



1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9,10,
11,12,
13,14

Fragrant Flower

1

Language of Flowers

1

Low maintenance

1

Moist Shade

1

Moist and swampy Sites

1

Nitrogen fixing plants

1

Not Fragrant Flower

1

Rabbit-Resistant

1

Speciman Plant

1

Thornless

1

Tolerant of Poor Soil

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Plant Foliage

Aromatic Foliage

1

Autumn Foliage

1

Finely Cut Leaves

1

Large Leaves

1

Yellow Variegated Foliage

1

White Variegated Foliage

1

Red / Purple Variegated Foliage

1

Silver, Grey and Glaucous Foliage

1

Sword-shaped Leaves

1

 

 

Flower Shape

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less
lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

1 Petal

1

2 Petals

1

3 Petals
irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

4 Petals
aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

5 Petals
anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Above 5
anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars
anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bowls
 

1

Cups and Saucers
euphorbiacflo1wallichiigarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Globes
paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Goblets and Chalices
paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Trumpets
acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Funnels
stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bells
digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Thimbles
fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Urns
ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Salverform

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

Flower Shape - Elaborated

Tubes, Lips and Straps
prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets
aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Hats, Hoods and Helmets
acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Standards, Wings and Keels
lathyrusflotvernus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Discs and Florets
brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pin-Cushions
echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Tufts
centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Cushion
androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Umbel
agapanthuscflos1campanulatusalbidusgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Buttons
argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pompoms
armeriacflomaritimakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Natural Arrangements

Bunches, Posies, Sprays
bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Columns, Spikes and Spires
ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Whorls, Tiers and Candelabra
lamiumflotorvala2a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Plumes and Tails
astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Chains and Tassels
 

1

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades
 

1

Spheres, Domes (Clusters), Plates and Drumsticks
androsacecfor1albanakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Shrub, Tree Shape

Columnar
ccolumnarshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Oval
covalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Rounded or Spherical
croundedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Flattened Spherical
cflattenedsphericalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Conical / Narrow Pyramidal
cnarrowconicalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Conical / Broad Pyramidal
cbroadpyramidalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Ovoid /
Egg-Shaped

ceggshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Ovoid
cbroadovoidshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Vase-shaped / Inverted Ovoid
cnarrowvaseshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Fan-Shaped /Vase-Shaped
cfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Fan-Shaped / Broad Vase-Shaped
cbroadfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Weeping
cnarrowweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Weeping
cbroadweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Palm

1

 

Conifer Cone

1

 

Form

Arching

1

Climbing

1

Clump-Forming

1

Mat-Forming

1

Mound-Forming

1

Prostrate

1

Spreading

1

Stemless

1

Upright

1

 

Poisonous Plant

1

 

STAGE 1
GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark
1
, 2, 3

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2

Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

Scented Aquatic Plants
1


Plants with Scented Fruits
1


Plants with Scented Roots
1
, 2

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood
1


Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums
1


Scented Cacti and Succulents
1


Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell
1
, 2
 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 3

Fan-trained Shape
fantrainedshape2a1a1a

From Rhododendrons, boxwood, azaleas, clematis, novelties, bay trees, hardy plants, evergreens : novelties bulbs, cannas novelties, palms, araucarias, ferns, vines, orchids, flowering shrubs, ornamental grasses and trees book, via Wikimedia Commons

 

Ramblers Scramblers & Twiners by Michael Jefferson-Brown (ISBN 0 - 7153 - 0942 - 0) describes how to choose, plant and nurture over 500 high-performance climbing plants and wall shrubs, so that more can be made of your garden if you think not just laterally on the ground but use the vertical support structures including the house as well.

The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A Guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. (ISBN 0-670-82929-3) provides the lists for 'Choosing the right Shrub or Climber' together with Average Height and Spread after 5 years, 10 years and 20 years.

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3


Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club.
Published in 1962. It provides most of the data about the Alpines.

Plant Solutions 1000+ suggestions for every garden situation by Nigel Colborn ISBN
13:978
0 00 719312 7, provides many of the plants for the pages in these Galleries.

Essential Annuals The 100 Best for Design and Cultivation. Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell. ISBN 0-517-66177-2, provides data about annuals.

Indoor Bulb
Growing by
Edward Pearson
. Published by Purnell & Sons, Ltd in 1953. It provides the data about Indoor Bulbs and Bulbs in
Window-boxes.

Colour All The
Year In My Garden
: A selection of choice varieties - annuals, biennials, perennials, bulbs, climbers and trees and shrubs - that will give a continuity of colour
in the garden throughout the year. Edited by C.H. Middleton. Gardening Book
from Ward, Lock & Co published in 1938, provides plant data for a calendar of plants in bloom throughout the year and for those in the smallest garden.
The Book of Bulbs by S. Arnott, F.R.H.S. Printed by
Turnbull & Spears, Edinburgh in 1901. This provides data about Hardy Bulbs, Half-Hardy Bulbs, Greenhouse and Stove Bulbs.

Collins Guide to
Bulbs by Patrick
M. Synge
. ISBN
0 00 214016-0
First Edition 1961, Second Edition 1971, Reprinted 1973. This provides data on bulbs for bedding, bulbs in the border, bulbs naturalised in grass, bulbs in the woodland garden, bulbs in the rock garden, bulbs in pans in the alpine house, bulbs in the greenhouse, bulbs in bowls and the bulb frame.

Annuals & Biennials, the best annual and biennial plants and their uses in the garden by Gertrude Jekyll published in 1916 and
republished by Forgotten Books in 2012
(Forgotten Books
is a London-based book publisher specializing in the restoration of old books, both fiction and non-fiction. Today we have
372,702 books available to read online, download as ebooks, or
purchase in print.).

Cut Flowers All The Year from The New Illustrated
Gardening Encyclopedia
by Richard Sudell, printed before May 1935 for the plant names in each month, followed by details for culture and propagation.

Mr. Middleton's Garden Book by
Daily Express Publication,
reprinted 1941
for the individual
cultivar names with evergreen/
deciduous, flower colour, flower month and height.

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Tree and Shrubs in Garden Design -

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Clay Soils (neutral to slightly acid)

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Dry Acid Soils

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Shallow Soil over Chalk

Trees and Shrubs tolerant of both extreme Acidity and Alkalinity

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Damp Sites

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Industrial Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Cold Exposed Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Seaside Areas

Shrubs suitable for Heavy Shade

Shrubs and Climbers suitable for NORTH- and EAST-facing Walls

Shrubs suitable for Ground Cover

Trees of Pendulous Habit

Trees and Shrubs of Upright or Fastigiate Habit

Trees and Shrubs with Ornamental Bark or Twigs

Trees and Shrubs with Bold Foliage

Trees and Shrubs for Autumn Colour

Trees and Shrubs with Red or Purple Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Golden or Yellow Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Grey or Silver Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Variegated Foliage

Trees and Shrubs bearing Ornamental Fruit

Trees and Shrubs with Fragrant or Scented Flowers

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Foliage

Flowering Trees and Shrubs for Every Month:-
Jan
, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec

The following table shows the linkages for the information about the plants
described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening in The Gardeners' Golden Treasury, revised by A. G. L Hellyer F.L.S, Editor of 'Amateur Gardening', (thirty-first impression of original published in 1895) was published in 1960 by W. H. & L. Collingridge Limited,
between:-

  • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery (in this Table) and Stage 1 Fragrant Plants (in Table on left), then
  • Stage 2 - 3 Infill Plants Index Galleries (in Table on right), then
  • Stage 3a - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2 (in this Table)
  • Stage 3b - All2 Plants Index Gallery for Alpines without a Garden for your health and productivity (in this Table)
  • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right)
  • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right) with
    column for Deciduous / Herbaceous plants with the same foliage colour during their growing season and
    column for Evergreen plants with the same foliage colour during the entire year
  • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery (in Table on left)
  • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery (in Table on left)

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
It would be useful if when you decide to change your garden that you use a uniform garden style throughout your garden and the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY aims to provide pointers.
The new pages (April 2016) in the gallery will have a suitable list of plants on each page (as that plant gets further detailed in the ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY), then each row containing that plant name in the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY will also be updated. I aim to input details of plants starting with A in alphabetical order to Z.

Private Garden Design:-
What is your Budget and What are the purposes for your garden?
Designing for a purpose: Areas which require answers before answering your Designing for a Purpose Questionaire.
Then, do the Site Survey with Photographs, before putting the Current Garden Design on paper or in your computer.
Using the Broad Design elements of Scale, which Garden Style to use:-
Low Maintenance Garden Style, Cottage Garden Style, Wildlife Garden Style or Japanese Garden Style and the
Hard and Soft Landscaping elements, create the Broad Proposed Design. Then, the Detailed Design of each Hard Landscaping item followed by the Soft Landscaping elements: The Soil, changing the Microclimate; and the
Plant Selection is influenced by the Colour Wheel, with Plant Quantities determined by time to establish versus width between plants and Companion Planting will provide helpful neighbouring plants
or
Click on text in cells below to jump to that page describing that data
.

 


Container

Gardening at my work-place

 

<----

 

Yes
|
v


Do you want to garden and grow plants?

 

No

Cannot be bothered.
If you wish to improve your productivity and health, then, plant an Alpine Pan in your work area or at home using the information within Alpines without a Garden by Lawrence D. Hills, using these pages:-


Potted
House-plant


<----
|
|
v


No
Garden

At Home with Gard-ening Area


Yes


---->

Balcony Garden or Roof Garden


Yes
---->

Grow flowers for flower arranging and vegetables on Balcony Garden or Roof Garden

Pan Plant Back-grou-nd Colour

STAGE 3b
ALL2 PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

|
v


Conservatory Gardening

|
<--
|

 

|
No
-->

Outside Garden
|
v

Pan, Trough and Window-Box Odds and Sods
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14,
15

The beginner's dozen for the small pan

Plants for the pan gar-den


Stovehouse for Tropical Plants

|
<--

An extra dozen for the larger pan

Kinds of Pan Plants that may be split up and tucked in Corners and Crevices

|
|
v

Miniature trees and shrubs for pan

The leafy soil pan

The gritty soil pan

The Limy Soil Plan

Blue Flower Colour Pan Plants

Lilac, Violet and Purple Flower Colour Pan Plants

Reds, Carm-ines Flower Colour Pan Plants

Pinks Flower Colour Pan Plants

White Flower Colour Pan Plants and Bicol-ored

Yellow Flower Colour Pan Plants

Blue Flower Colour Trough Plants

Violet, Lilac and Purple Flower Colour Trough Plants

|
|
v

Reds and Carm-ines Flower Colour Trough Plants

Pinks - all shades Flower Colour Trough Plants

Yellow Flower Colour Trough Plants

White and Cream Flower Colour Trough Plants

Bi-colour-ed Flower Colour Trough Plants

Feb Flower Season Pan

Mar Flower Season Pan

Apr Flower Season Pan

May Flower Season Pan

Jun Flower Season Pan

Jul Flower Season Pan

Aug Flower Season Pan

Sep Flower Season Pan

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Oct Flower Season Pan

Nov Flower Season Pan

Pans for Semi-shade

Pans for In-doors

Mini-ature Pot

Feb Flower Season Trough

Mar Flower Season Trough

Apr Flower Season Trough

May Flower Season Trough

Jun Flower Season Trough

Jul Flower Season Trough

Aug Flower Season Trough

Sep Flower Season Trough

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Oct Flower Season Trough

Nov Flower Season Trough

Dec Flower Season Trough

Bulb Pan

Bulb Cover-ing Carp-eters

Trough and Window-box plants 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trough and Window-Box Background Colour

Pan Plant
Alpines without a Garden

ABC 1
Pan Plants

DEF 1
Pan Plants

GHI
Pan Plants

JKL 1
Pan Plants

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MNO 1
Pan Plants

PQR 1
Pan Plants

STU 1
Pan Plants

V 1
Pan Plants

WXYZ 1
Pan Plants

You need to know the following:-
1. How much time per week are you prepared to look after your garden or prepared to pay someone else to do it for you?
2. How much are you are prepared to spend on creating your garden and then on its maintenance for its feeding and replacement of its plants and hard landscaping?
3. In order for you to go into your garden, there must be mystery in it, so that from any position in the house you cannot see all the garden, otherwise you will not be tempted to go out into it.
4. You must decide what garden style you are going to use THROUGHOUT the garden and make sure of using 3. the mystery in it as well.
5. What plants do you want to keep in your existing garden and incorporate into your new garden?
6. What Human Problems do you have and what Site Problems are there?

A) Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers List leads onto the
B) Bee Pollinated Bloom in Month galleries and
C) extra Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers.


<----

Human Prob-lems
v


---->

Blind,
Deaf,
in a Wheelchair, or
you cannot bend easily

 

 

 

Garden Style, which takes into account the Human Problems above

 

 

Classic Mixed Style


<----

Cottage Garden Style


<----

.
v


---->

Naturalistic Style

Formal English Garden

 

Mediterranean Style


<----

Meadow and Corn-field


<----

.
.
v


---->

Paving and Gravel inland,
Coastal Conditions near the sea, Seashore with shingle/sand

 

 

 

 

Problem Sites within your chosen Garden Style from the above

 

 

Exposure to Wind


<----

Excess Shade


<----

Exce-ssively Dry Shade


<----


<----

.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Exce-ssively Hot, Sunny and Dry Site is suitable for Drought Resistant Plants

Excessively Wet Soil - especially when caused by poor drainage

Control of Pests (Aphids, Rabbits, Deer, Mice, Mole, Snails) / Disease by Companion Planting in Garden

Whether your Heavy Clay or Light Sandy / Chalk Soil is excessively Alkaline (limy) / Acidic or not, then there is an Action Plan for you to do with your soil, which will improve its texture to make its structure into a productive soil instead of it returning to being just sand, chalk, silt or clay.


<----

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Problems caused by builders:- 1. Lack of soil on top of builders rubble in garden of just built house.
2. Clay soil of Garden slopes towards house with no drainage of this rainwater by the house wall.

In planning your beds for your garden, before the vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman planting is inserted into your soft landscaping plan, the following is useful to consider:-
1. The ground plan usually depends upon 1 or more unalterable existing features. The position of the doors of the house will dictate the positions of paths, the shortest route to the kitchen may indicate the best place for a paved area for eating and drinking out of doors, or the kept trees/shrubs may indicate what garden style is used.
2. Rules of Proportion -
A. A border should be roughly 1/2 as wide as the hedge or wall behind it.
B. The proportion of planted areas to paved or turfed areas should be 1/3 to 2/3, or a 1/4 to 3/4, not 1/2 and 1/2.
C. Within a bed or border, unless a 2-dimensional pattern on the ground is the objective, the height and bulk of the plants should be varied to avoid monotony; it is particularly important to provide strong planting, in terms of either height or bulk or both, at either end of a long bed.
D. The ground surface provides a background to the plants that is as important as the hedges, walls or fences that surround it. Grass is perhaps the most satisfying carpet to use, the cool green forming a restful antidote to the dancing colours of the flowers. Use different coloured pea-shingle inside Cedar Gravel for people in wheelchairs, or infirm in their legs or who suffer from Hay Fever.

Reasons for stopping infilling of Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page. From September 2017 will be creating the following new pages on Sense of Fragrance using Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders.
ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-

 

 

 

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v

 

 

 

 

 

After you have selected your vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman plants for each bed or border, you will need to infill with plants taking the following into account:-

 

 

 

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark 1, 2, 3
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Sandy Soil 1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves 1, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit 1, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants 1, 2
Scented Aquatic Plants.
Plants with Scented Fruits.
Plants with Scented Roots 1, 2
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.
Scented Cacti and Succulents.
Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell 1, 2

Flower Perfume Group:-
Miscellaneous Group with scents - Balm, Brandy, Cedar, Cloying, Cowslip, Cucumber, Damask Rose, Daphne, Exotic, Freesia, Fur-like, Gardenia, Hay-like, Heliotrope, Honeysuckle, Hops, Hyacinth, Incense-like, Jasmine, Laburnham, Lilac, Lily of the Valley, Meadowsweet, Mignonette, Mint, Mossy, Muscat, Muscatel, Myrtle-like, Newly Mown Hay, Nutmeg, Piercing, Primrose, Pungent, Resinous, Sandalwood, Sassafras, Seductive, Slight, Soft, Stephanotis, Sulphur, Starch, Sweet, Sweet-briar, Tea-rose, Treacle and Very Sweet.

Flower Perfume Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group with scent - Hawthorn.
Heavy Group with scents -
Jonquil and
Lily.
Aromatic Group with scents - Almond,
Aniseed, Balsamic,
Carnation, Cinnamon, Clove,
Spicy and
Vanilla.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group with scent -
Verbena.
Fruit-scented Group with scents -
Apricot,
Fruity,
Green Apple,
Orange, Pineapple,
Ripe Apple , Ripe Banana and
Ripe Plum.
 

Flower Perfume Group:-
Animal-scented Group with scents -
Cat,
Dog,
Ferret,
Fox,
Goat,
Human Perspiration,
Musk,
Ripe Apple and
Tom Cat.
Honey Group.
Unpleasant Smell Group with scents -
Animal,
Fetid,
Fishy,
Foxy,
Fur-like,
Garlic,
Hemlock,
Manure,
Nauseating,
Perspiration,
Petrol,
Putrid,
Rancid,
Sickly,
Skunk,
Stale Lint
Sulphur and
Urinous,

Leaf Perfume Group:-
Turpentine Group.
Camphor and Eucalyptus Group.
Mint Group.
Sulphur Group.
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Heavy Group.
Aromatic Group.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group.
Fruit-scented Group.
Animal-scented Group.
Honey Group.

Scent of Wood, Bark and Roots Group:-
Aromatic Group.
Turpentine Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Stale Perspiration Group.

 

Scent of Fungi Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Sulphur Group.
Aromatic Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Fruit Group.
Animal Group.
Honey Group

Sense of Sight

Emotion of
Hot /Cool; Calm / Agitated

Emotion of
Low-key / High Key


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.
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v

Emotion of
Inviting
/ Forbidding

Emotion of Intellectual versus Emotional

Sense of Touch

Sense of Taste

Sense of Sound

 

 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 for
lists of plants of 1 plant type for 1 cultivation requirement is in Table on right

 

 

 

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
Click on Blue or underlined text to jump to page comparing flower thumbnails of that blue colour in the
Other Plant Photo Galleries. RedPP is Red, Pink, Purple and Other is Unusual or Other Flower Colour.

Plant Type
with links to Other Plant Photo Galleries

ABC

DEF

GHI

JKL

MNO

PQR

STU

VWX

YZ

Alpine in Evergreen Perennial,
Herbaceous Perennial and Rock Garden

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Aquatic

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Annual/ Biennial

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bamboo

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bedding, 25
RHS Mixed Border Beds 75 and
Flower Shape, Flower Colour and Bedding Plant Use

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Bicolour

Other Flower Colours

White / Colour Bicolour

Bulb, 746 with Use, Flower Colour/Shape of
Allium / Anemone, Colchicum / Crocus, Dahlia, Gladiolus, Narcissus and Tulip

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Climber 71 Clematis, 58 other Climbers with Use, Flower Colour and Shape

1

Blue

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Conifer

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Deciduous Shrub 43 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Deciduous Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Evergreen Perennial 104 with Use, Flower Colour, Flower Shape and Number of Petals

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Shrub 46, Semi-Evergreen Shrub and Heather 74 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Fern with 706 ferns
within 21 types and 41 uses

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Grass

1

1

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

Herbaceous Perennial 91,
RHS Mixed Border Beds 176 and
Peonies 46 with Flower Colour/Shape

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Herb

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Odds and Sods

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rose with 720 roses within Flower Colour, Flower Shape, Rose Petal Count and Rose Use

1

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

 

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Soft Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Sub-Shrub

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Top Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Vegetable

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Wildflower 1918 with
Plants used by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterflies in the UK
I am inserting the plants described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening into STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

Red

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Multi-colour

Cream

Mauve

Brown

Shrub and Small Tree

Botanical Names Page

Common Names Page

Finally, you might be advised to check that the adjacent plants to the one you have chosen for that position in a flower bed are suitable; by checking the entry in Companion Planting - like clicking A page for checking Abies - and Pest Control page if you have a pest to control in this part of the flower bed.
Companion Planting
- A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
Pest Control using Plants

 

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
The planning a Rose Garden chapter from Rose Gardens by Jane Fearnley-Whitingstall ISBN 0 7011 3344 9 and
Plant Solutions by Nigel Colborn provides information for this gallery.

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 Reference books for these galleries in Table on left

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
In addition to these 10 galleries, there are links to the Other Plant Photo Galleries in the table above like Bulb , which have plant descriptions accessed by clicking a flower thumbnail in its flower comparison page. Click the respective flower colour - like Green - to change page to that flower colour comparison page. Then, you can also choose these other plants.
It will also state the Plant Combinations for each plant from The Ulimate Visual Guide to Successful Plant Harmony - The Encyclopedia of Planting Combinations by Tony Lord ISBN 1-55209-623-8

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY
Some extra details about the Cultivation Requirements of Plant:- Outdoor /Garden Cultivation, Indoor / House Cultivation, Cool Green-house Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter, Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year, and Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

Since 2006, I have requested photos etc from the Mail-Order Nurseries in the UK and later from the rest of the World. Few nurseries have responded.
I worked for a lady, who with her husband took 35 mm slides of plants in the 1960's and 1970's. She allowed me to digitise some of her Kodachrome slides, which I have used in my website. I discovered that at least the green colour of the foliage became very much darker over that period of years to 2008, by comparing wildflower photos from her slides with digital photos supplied by a current Wildflower mail-order nursery, so I stopped creating my Foliage Galleries.
I bought myself a camera some years ago and started taking photos, some of which have been put into the website. I started taking photos of the Heathers at the Royal Horticultural Society at Wisley garden. I have displayed the Heathers foliage in closeup since their leaves are 2mm long and in macro-scale in the Heather Galleries - sometimes the foliage colour at the terminal end of the foliage stem is only a few leaves, whereas others have the same foliage colour throughout the stem. I discovered that some of the heathers did not have the correct plant label, since the flower colour did not correspond with the flower colour in the literature. I was informed that since kids have free rein, that perhaps they move the plant labels. Since, I cannot rely that the heather plant label next to the heather plant is valid, I have stopped taking photos of those heathers.
This leaves a small problem, especially since very few gardens open to the public have their plants labelled so that the public can use the data on their label to buy that named plant from a nursery or garden centre. Currently (June 2018) I insert photos from Wikimedia Commons as well as my own.
I have found the above book - which does not contain any colour plant photos. Since it had the following experts help in creating it, I have decided to use its information in these 10 galleries to help the public:-

  • T.W. Sanders Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1895.
  • A.J Macself Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1926 - both Sanders and Macself had worked entirely to the handlists published by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • A.G.L. Hellyer in this work of revision and also in checking the all-important cultural notes sought the help of experts in the various classes of plant:-
    • Mr S.A. Pearce, Assistant Curator at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew undertook the revision of those genera of plants which in this country are mainly grown under glass.
    • Mr Will Ingwersen dealt with the Rock plants,
    • Mr N. Catchpole made himself responsible for trees and shrubs;
    • Mr G.A Phillips for herbaceous plants,
    • Mrs Francis Perry for water plants,
    • Mr A.J. Macself for ferns,
    • Mr E. Cooper for orchids,
    • Mr J.S Dakers for annuals,
    • Miss Doreen Crowther for fruit and vegetables

with the aid of further information from other books, magazines and cross-checking on the internet.
In this edition of the book Sander's Encyclopaedia, the individual soil mixtures to grow plants have been retained, for it was considered that many gardeners might still wish to use them in certain circumstances. The John Innes mixtures may be substituted wherever desired. Details of these individual mixtures will be put into these galleries.