Ivydene Gardens Infill Plants Index Gallery:
Alpine - The Alpine Meadow with Autumn Flowering Bulbs Page 1

Case Studies
Companion Planting
Garden Construction
Garden Design
Garden Maintenance
Offbeat Glossary
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries


Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12

All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12

All Foliage 212
All Spring Foliage 212

All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212
Rock Plant Flowers 53


Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
Infill Plants *
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form


Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Herbaceous Perennial
Odds and Sods

Soft Fruit
Top Fruit

Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery


Cultivation Requirements of Plant

Outdoor / Garden Cultivation


Indoor / House Cultivation


Cool Greenhouse (and Alpine House) Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter


Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year


Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants



Sun Aspect

Full Sun


Part Shade


Full Shade



Soil Type

Any Soil


Chalky Soil


Clay Soil


Lime-Free Soil


Peaty Soil


Sandy Soil


Acid Soil


Alkaline Soil


Badly-drained Soil



Soil Moisture








Position for Plant

Back of Shady Border


Back of Shrub Border




Bog Garden


Coastal Conditions / Seaside


Container in Garden


Front of Border


Ground Cover 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)


Ground Cover 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)


Ground Cover Over 72 inches (180 cms)


Hanging Basket




Hedge - Thorny


Pollution Barrier




Pot in House, Greenhouse, Conservatory or Stovehouse


Raised Bed


Rest of Border


Rock Garden


Scree Bed


Speciman on Lawn


Sunny Border


Tree for Lawn


Tree for Small Garden









Use of Plant

Pollen or nectar for Bees


Hosts to Butterflies


Encouraging birds / wildlife, providing food and shelter


Bee-Pollinated plants for Hay Fever Sufferers


Berries / Fruit


Dry Site in Full Sun


Dry Shade


Filtering noise


Flower Arrange-ments


Fragrant Flower


Language of Flowers


Low maintenance


Moist Shade


Moist and swampy Sites


Nitrogen fixing plants


Not Fragrant Flower




Speciman Plant




Tolerant of Poor Soil



Plant Foliage

Aromatic Foliage


Autumn Foliage


Finely Cut Leaves


Large Leaves


Yellow Variegated Foliage


White Variegated Foliage


Red / Purple Variegated Foliage


Silver, Grey and Glaucous Foliage


Sword-shaped Leaves




Flower Shape

Number of Flower Petals



1 Petal


2 Petals


3 Petals


4 Petals


5 Petals


Above 5



Flower Shape - Simple





Cups and Saucers




Goblets and Chalices















Flower Shape - Elaborated

Tubes, Lips and Straps


Slippers, Spurs and Lockets


Hats, Hoods and Helmets


Standards, Wings and Keels


Discs and Florets















Natural Arrangements

Bunches, Posies, Sprays


Columns, Spikes and Spires


Whorls, Tiers and Candelabra


Plumes and Tails


Chains and Tassels


Clouds, Garlands and Cascades


Spheres, Domes and Plates



Shrub, Tree Shape





Rounded or Spherical


Flattened Spherical


Narrow Conical / Narrow Pyramidal


Broad Conical / Broad Pyramidal


Ovoid /


Broad Ovoid


Narrow Vase-shaped / Inverted Ovoid


Fan-Shaped /Vase-Shaped


Broad Fan-Shaped / Broad Vase-Shaped


Narrow Weeping


Broad Weeping





Conifer Cone























Poisonous Plant




Click on text in cells below to jump to that page detailing those infill plants of that plant type for that Cultivation requirement.

Plant Type


Alpines for Rock Garden (See Rock Garden Plant Flowers)

Alpine Shrubs and Conifers

The Alpine Meadow
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

The Alpine Border

Alpine Plants for a Purpose

The Alpines that Dislike Lime

Alpines and Walls
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

Alpines and Paving

Sink and Trough gardens

(Water Plants) for

Anti-erosion Riverbank

Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants)

Oxy-genating Weeds

Water Lilies

Floating Plants

Waterside Plants
and Plants for Dry Margins next to a Pond

Wildlife Pond Plants

Annual for


Plants for Cut Flowers in

Exposed Sites

Sheltered Sites with Green-house Annuals from 1916

Extra Poor Soil with Half-Hardy Annuals from 1916

Very Rich Soil with Biennials from 1916

Gap-filling in Mixed Borders with Hardy Annuals from 1916

Patio Containers

Cut Flowers Page 1
Page 2 Everlasting Flowers with Red Flowers from 1916

Attracting beneficial insects

Scent / Fragrance with Annuals for Cool or Shady Places from 1916

Low-allergen Gardens for Hay Fever Sufferers

Annual Plant Pairing Ideas

Low-Growing Annuals

Medium-Growing Annuals

Tall-Growing Annuals with White Flowers from 1916

Black or Brown Flowers

Blue to Purple Flowers

Green Flowers with Annuals and Biennials from 1916

Red to Pink Flowers
Page 1
Page 2

White Flowers

Yellow or Orange Flowers

Decorative Foliage

Moist Soil


House-plants with Yellow Flowers from 1916

Edging Beds

Hanging Baskets

Vining Annuals


Bedding for

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Autumn/ Winter Bedding

Bedding for Light Sandy Soil

Bedding for Acid Soil

Bedding for Chalky Soil

Bedding for Clay Soil

Black Flowers

Blue Flowers

Orange Flowers

Pink Flowers

Long Flowering

Coloured Leaves

Attractive to Wildlife including Bees, Butterflies and Moths

Purple Flowers

Red Flowers

White Flowers

Yellow Flowers

Multi-Coloured Flowers

Aromatic Foliage or Scented Flowers

Bedding Plant Use

Flowers with 2 Petals

Flowers with 3 Petals

Flowers with
4 Petals

Flowers with 5 Petals

Flowers with 6 Petals

Flowers with more than 6 Petals

Use in Hanging Baskets

Flower Simple Shape

Shape of

Shape of
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Shape of
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Shape of
Trumpets and Funnels

Shape of
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

Use in Pots and Troughs

Flower Elaborated Shape

Shape of
Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Shape of
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Shape of
Hats, Hoods and Helmets


Use in

Use in
Window Boxes

Shape of
Standards, Wings and Keels

Shape of
Discs and Florets

Shape of
Pin-Cushions and Tufts

Shape of
Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

Cut Flowers

Use in Bedding Out

Use in
Filling In

Biennial for

Cottage and Other Gardens

Cut Flower with Biennials for Rock Work from 1916

Patio Containers with Biennials for Pots in Greenhouse / Conservatory

Beneficial to Wildlife with Purple and Blue Flowers from 1916

Scent with Biennials for Sunny Banks or Borders from 1916



Bulb for
Explanation Intro to Bulbs
725 Blue, White, Yellow, Unusual Colour, or Red-Purple-Pink flowering Bulbs in each month they flower.

Indoor Bulbs for

Indoor Bulbs for

Bulbs for

Indoor Bulbs for September

Bulbs in Window-boxes

Hardy Bulbs

Half-Hardy Bulbs

Plant Bloom Dec-Jan

Plant Bloom Apr-May

Plant Bloom

Smallest of Gardens Plant Bloom

Plant Bloom September

Green-house, Stove Bulbs

Bulbs for Bedding

Bulbs in the Border

Bulbs naturalised in Grass

Bulbs in the Woodland Garden

Bulbs in the Rock Garden

Bulbs in the Alpine House

Bulbs in Green-house

Bulbs in Bowls

Climber 3 sector Vertical Plant System with flowers in
Jan, Feb,
Mar, Apr,
May, Jun,
Jul, Aug,
Sep, Oct,
Nov, Dec

The Base -
Base of Wall Plants


Herbs and Vegetables

Cut flowers, Cut Foliage

Scented flower or foliage

Foliage use only


The Prime - Wall Shrubs

Fruit trees

The Higher Reaches -
House-wall Ramblers

Non-House-Wall - Climbing Twiners

Non-House-Wall - Self-clinging Climbers

Raised Bed for Wheelchair Users

Plants for Wildlife-Use as well

Fern for

Dry Shade

Moist Shade


Other Good Ferns

Planting Scheme Using Ferns



Grass for

Full Sun, Year Round

Partial Sun, Year Round

Giant Grasses

Coastal Sites, Year Round

Hot and Dry Conditions
, Year Round

Moist Conditions



Wildlife Support

Other Good Grasses

Grasses Scheme






Full Sun, Year Round

Shade, Year Round

Hot and Dry Sites, Year Round

Poor Soil, Year Round

Rich Soil, Year Round

Other Good Ground-cover Plants

Ground-cover Schemes

Herb for








Odds and Sods for








Perennial for

Full Sun, Winter and Spring

Full Sun, Summer and Autumn

Full Sun, year round

Tall perennials for Partial Sun, Year Round

Medium Perennials for partial Sun, year Round

Violas and Pansies

Tall Perennials for deep shade, year round

Tall Perennials for light shade, year round

Medium and Short Perennials for Light Shade

Tall Perennials for Sun, Year round

Medium Perennials for Sun, year round

Very Exposed situations, year round

Sheltered Situations, Year Round


Coastal Sites, Year Round

Rock and Gravel, Year Round

Year Round

Limy Soil, Year Round

Lime-free Soil, Year Round

Low Water Require-ments

Attracting beneficial insects

Sustain-able Gardening

Low-Allergen Planting

Natural Repellent Properties


Spring Perennials with others for Summer/Autumn

Evergreen Foliage

Variegated Foliage

Golden Leaf Colour

Red-Purple Leaf Colour

Blue-Grey Leaf Colour

Other Good Perennials

The Autumn Climax



Shrub for

Large Shrub for Full Sun, Winter and Spring

Large Shrubs for Full Sun, Summer and Autumn

Large Shrubs for partial Sun, All Year

Large Shrubs for Shade, All year


Large Shrubs for Sheltered Sites, All Year

Large Shrubs for Extra Hot and Dry Sites, All Year



Large Shrubs for Evergreen Sculpture, All Year

Large Shrubs for Other Problem Sites, All Year


Medium Shrubs for Full Sun, Winter and Spring

Medium Shrubs for Full Sun, Summer and Autumn

Medium Shrubs for Partial Sun, Winter and Spring


Medium Shrubs for Shade, Winter and Spring

Medium Shrubs for Shade, Summer and Autumn

Medium Shrubs for Hot and Dry Sites, Year Round

Medium Shrubs for Very Exposed Sites,Year Round

Medium Shrubs for Very Sheltered Sites, Year Round


Medium Shrubs for South or west wall, Climbing, Year Round


Medium Shrubs for East Wall, Climbing, Year Round

Medium Shrubs for North Wall, Climbing, Year Round

Medium Shrubs for Evergreen Sculpture, Year Round


Small Shrubs for Full Sun, Year Round

Small Shrubs for Partial Sun, Year Round

Small and Dwarf Shrubs for Shade, Year Round


Small Shrubs for Hot and Dry Sites, Year Round


Small Shrubs for Exposed Sites, Year Round

Small Shrubs for Sheltered Sites, Year Round

Shrubs for Coastal Sites

Shrubs for Containers
, Year Round

Shrubs for Low Allergen Planting


Shrubs tolerant of Air Pollution

Shrubs for Wildlife Value

Shrubs for Screening

Shrubs for Autumn Berries

Shrubs with Variegated Foliage

Shrubs with Golden Foliage

Shrubs with Purple-Red Leaves


Shrubs with Blue-Grey Leaves

Other Shrubs

Rubus cock-burnianus with Other Herbaceous Plants

Different Effects for Different Seasons from the Same Plants

Floral Friend-ships

Floral Hot-Spots


Soft Fruit for








Top Fruit for








Tree for

Large Trees for Exposed Sites

Large Trees for Sheltered Sites

Large Trees for Acid Soil

Large Trees for Lime Soil

Large Trees

Medium Trees for Exposed Sites

Medium Trees for Sheltered Sites


Medium Trees for Acid Soil, Year Round

Medium Trees for Lime Soil, Year Round

Medium Trees

Small Trees for Exposed Sites, Year Round

Small Trees for Sheltered Sites, Year Round

Small Trees for Acid Soil, Year Round

Small Trees for Lime Soil, Year Round


Small Trees

Trees for Coastal or Badly Exposed Sites

Trees for Containers

Trees with Columnar Shape

Trees with a Weeping Shape

Trees Tolerant of Air pollution

Trees for Low Allergen Planting


Trees for Best Wildlife Value


Trees for Best Berries (Fruits)

Trees for Orna-mental Bark

Trees for Spring Blossom

Trees for Autumnal Colour

Trees with Golden Leaves


Trees with Red/Purple Leaves

Trees with Blue-Grey Leaves

Other Trees





Vegetable for








Wildflower for








Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club. Published in 1962. It provides most of the data about the Alpines.

Essential Annuals The 100 Best for Design and Cultivation. Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell. ISBN 0-517-66177-2, provides data about annuals.

Ivydene Gardens Infill Plants Index Gallery:
Alpine - The Alpine Meadow with Autumn Flowering Bulbs Page 1

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier for you to contact to buy this plant

Flower Colour
and Background Colour nearest to main petal colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Sun Aspect:- Full Sun,
Part Shade, Full Shade

with link to external website for photo/data

Flowering Months in UK

with link to
USA or
mail-order supplier

Height with Spacings or Width (W) in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour

and Background Colour nearest to middle-aged leaf colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Soil Moisture:-

with link to Australia or New Zealand mail-order supplier

Plant Type is:-

A for Aquatic
Ann for Annual / Biennial
Ba for Bamboo
Bu for Bulb
Cl for Climber
Co for Conifer
F for Fern
G for Grass
H for Herb
P for Perennial
Rh for Rhodo-dendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro for Rose
Sh for Shrub
So for Soft Fruit
To for Top Fruit
Tr for Tree
V for Vegetable
W for Wildflower

followed by:-
E for Evergreen,
D for Deciduous,
H for Herbaceous,
Alpine for being an Alpine as well as being 1 of above Plant Type /

Acid for Acidic,
Alk for Alkaline,
Any for AnySoil

with link to
ALL PLANTS Index Gallery page


A plant of first-class merit, suggested as 'First Choices'

Adjacent Planting

Plant Associations

It is sad to reflect that in England so few gardens open to the public label their plants or label them so that the label is visible when that plant is in flower, so that visitors can identify; and then later locate and purchase that plant.

Few mail-order nurseries provide the detail as shown in my rose or heather galleries.

If you want to sell a product, it is best to display it. When I sold my Transit van, I removed its signage, cleaned it and took photos of the inside and outside before putting them onto an advert in Autotrader amongst more than 2000 other Transit vans - it was sold in 20 minutes.

If mail-order nurseries could put photos to the same complexity from start of the year to its end with the different foliage colours and stages of flowering on Wikimedia Commons, then the world could view the plant before buying it, and idiots like me would have valid material to work with.

I have been in the trade (until ill health forced my Sole Trader retirement in 2013) working in designing, constructing and maintaining private gardens for decades and since 2005 when this site was started, I have asked any nursery in the world to supply photos. R.V. Roger in Yorkshire allowed me to use his photos from his website in 2007 and when I got a camera to spend 5 days in July 2014 at my expense taking photos of his roses growing in his nursery field, whilst his staff was propagating them. I gave him a copy of those photos.


The plants used are placed in groups according to their kind, each providing a patch of foliage , flower colour and contrast. The backbone of the garden alpine meadow is our native creeping Thyme, Thymus serpyllum, and its varieties. These make harde-wearing, mat-like carpets, 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cms) high when in flower, and should be used where foot traffic is likely to be heaviest. There are many varieties, differing in the colour of their flowers and also, in some instances, in the tone or shade of their leaves.

Thymus serpyllum coccineus (Thyme creeping red)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Thymus serpyllum coccineus
'Major Red'

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Supplier in USA

Thymus serpyllum
'Annie Hall'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Thymus serpyllum
'Pink Chintz'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Thymus serpyllum 'Russettings'

Supplier in UK






Thymus serpyllum coccineus has purple-crimson flowers, and its

Thymus serpyllum coccineus form major grows a little larger;

Thymus serpyllum albus is white flowering;

Thymus serpyllum 'Annie Hall', a good flesh pink;

Thymus serpyllum 'Pink Chintz', a clear pink; and

Thymus serpyllum 'Russettings', rose-red.

Which Thyme Where?

With so many wonderful cultivars available it could be difficult deciding which thymes to grow!  These are my recommendations, based on my experience of growing thyme for many years.

  • The Top Twelve Easy to grow, great flower colours, reliably hardy, readily available and ideal for the beginner.
  • Twenty Thymes for the
    Collector Also relatively easy to grow and good doers, but some are only available from specialist nurseries.
  • The Best Culinary Thymes My recommendations from personal use.  Thymus vulgaris 'Lucy' has very few flowers, even in a hot summer.  In cooler, wetter summers it may not flower at all, so puts all its energy into producing leaves.  It is therefore ideal as a cut and come again thyme.  Roger Bastin's T. 'Lemon Supreme' is the strongest lemon scented thyme available and T. 'Caborn Fragrant Cloud' and T. 'Caborn Grey Lady' are more aromatic than T.  'Fragrantissimus'.
  • The Best Ground Cover
    Thymes Some of the low growing thymes can have thuggish tendencies and are therefore useful as attractive ground cover plants in sunny areas of the garden.
  • The Best Thymes for Winter Colour Some thymes have attractive red or orange growing tips in the winter, but only when growing in the garden, not in pots in a greenhouse or cold frame.


Creeping red thyme, Thymus serpyllum coccineus. By Herby via Wikimedia Commons.


Creeping red thyme, Thymus serpyllum coccineus. By Herby via Wikimedia Commons.


There are other Thymus used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Thymus pseudo-lanuginosus (Thymus praecox subsp. britannicus, Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus, Woolly Thyme)

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Supplier in USA

Thymus hirsutus

Supplier in Australia
Supplier in USA
Supplier in France

Thymus hirsutus doerfleri

Supplier in UK

Thymus comosus

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA






To them can be added
Thymus praecox subsp. britannicus for its greyish hairy leaves and pink flowers,

Thymus hirsutus and its variety

Thymus doerfleri for their silver-grey foliage and deep pink flowers; and

Thymus comosus with hairy grey-green leaves, and lilac-pink flowers.

All can be planted in groups to give a tapestry of colour, spacing plants 4-6 inches (10-15 cms) apart.



Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus (habit). Location: Maui, Walmart Kahulu. By Forest & Kim Starr via Wikimedia Commons.



Thymus doerfleri. By Olaf Leillinger via Wikimedia Commons.



Thymus comosus. By Ghislain118 via Wikimedia Commons.

Thymus citriodorus

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Supplier in USA

Thymus citriodorus var. aureus

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Supplier in USA

Thymus citriodorus 'Silver Queen'

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Supplier in USA






To provide further foliage contrast the
Lemon Thyme, Thymus x citriodorus with its pale lilac flowers,

and its yellow-leaved variety
Thymus x citriodorus var. aureus, and

white variegated leaved 'Silver Queen' may be planted, although they grow somewhat taller to 8-12 inches (20-30 cms).



Thymus x citriodorus. By Wildfeuer via Wikimedia Commons.

Acaena microphylla (Scarlet Bidi-bidi, New Zealand Burr)

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Supplier in USA

Acaena buchananii

Supplier in UK
Supplier in New Zealand

Acaena inermis

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Supplier in USA






It is here that we can plant the Acaenas, too invasive to place elsewhere in the rock garden;
Acaena microphylla with bronzy leaves and red flowers in summer;

Acaena buchananii, grey-green leaves, and

Acaena inermis, similar to Acaena microphylla,

and all making mats of compact growth, 2 inches (5 cms) high.



Acaena microphylla - Photo taken on 5 August 2010. By Laxskinn via Wikimedia Commons.


Acaena buchananii leaves and fruit - Photo taken on 9 September 2006. By Sten Porse via Wikimedia Commons.


Latina: Acaena inermis. By Ghislain118 (AD) via Wikimedia Commons.

Cotula squalida
(Leptinella squalida)

Supplier in UK
Supplier Paghat the Ratgirl in USA of an iddy biddy fern-looking thingy. She wrote Hippo Love by Granny Artemis -
How can pearl fishermen live in dread? Could it be they're just like you and me?






Cotula squalida, a compatriot of the acaenas from New Zealand, is a good low carpeter with fern-like, bronzy-green foliage that may be used in moderation in the alpine meadow. It has been used to make a lawn of its own, but only small patches should be put down in conjunction with other plants lest it over-powers them by sheer exuberance.



Cotula squalida - New Zealand brass buttons Asteraceae Oregon (Cultivated). By David Eickhoff from Pearl City, Hawaii, USA via Wikimedia Commons.

Antennaria dioica 'Rosea'

Supplier in UK

Antennaria aprica

Supplier in UK
Supplier in Russia






Grey-leaved with deep rose-pink flowers in June,
Antennaria dioica 'Rosea' goes well with thymes, forming a close mat of foliage and not exceeding 3 inches (7.5 cms) high; with it may be added

Antennaria aprica, silvery-grey in leaf, and white in flower.

Hall Farm Nursery - The plants sold at the nursery are all propagated and cared for on site, using traditional methods and our own peat free high quality compost:-
In May 2010 we staged an exhibit at the Chelsea Flower Show, for Riding for the Disabled Association, who were celebrating their 40th anniversary. Our exhibit was inspired by the Riding for the Disabled poem 'I saw a child' which tells of a child who can't walk, riding through a field of daises. We had a wonderful wire sculpture made by Rupert Till, himself a regular Chelsea exhibitor. The pony and rider sculpture was set in a field of daises, surrounded by a hedgebank brimming with buttercups, cow parsley, foxgloves and ox-eye daisies."


Antennaria dioica 'Rosea'. By Ghislain118 http://www.fleurs-des-montagnes.net via Wikimedia Commons.

Campanula cochleariifolia (Fairy Thimble Bellflower)

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Supplier in USA

Campanula cochleariifolia alba

Supplier in UK

Campanula cochleariifolia 'Miranda'

Supplier in Australia






One or two of the creeping Campanulas, with their handsome flower bells are pleasing in summer.

Campanula cochleariifolia (Syn. pusilla) creeps by its roots, and throws up nodding soft blue flowers 3 inches (7.5 cms) high, and has a charming white form,

Campanula cochleariifolia alba, and a very free-flowering form

Campanula cochleariifolia 'Miranda' with bells of silvery-blue.

The following is from Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery:-

This is a genus that looks very attractive when confined to a trough; where its normal habit of spreading by runners is best controlled.

The Book "Dwarf Campanulas" by Graham Nicholls - "Campanulas have long been a gardeners' favourite, their spectacular summer performance earning them a place in the herbaceous border year after year. Here their lesser-known relatives, the smaller dwarf campanulas, take center stage. Everyone who grows campanulas will enjoy this book, finding uses for the diminutive yet exuberant forms at the front of the border as well as in rock gardens, alpine houses, troughs, and containers. More than 200 Campanula species and hybrids are described, and specialists and collectors will delight in the descriptions of rare and little-documented plants and devour the information about the plants' wild habitats. Color photographs enhance the text, encouraging gardeners to experiment with dwarf campanulas in a wide range of garden situations and appreciate the diversity of this rewarding group of plants." from The Alpine Garden Society Bookshop.


This photo shows Campanula cochleariifolia. By Teun Spaans via Wikimedia Commons.


There are other Campanula used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Achillea lewisii (Dwarf Yarrow)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Gypsophila repens

Supplier in UK
Supplier in Australia

Gypsophila repens rosea

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA


Full Sun


6-8 x 8-12
(15-20 x 20-30)


Dry Sand, dislikes heavy clay soil

Carpet-forming P H

A pleasing plant to include is the dwarf Milfoil

Achillea lewisii, with light greenish-grey foliage and sulphur-yellow flowers on short stalks for several weeks in summer. With it may be associated

Gypsophila repens (fratensis), a compact mound of blue-grey foliage, covered with pink flowers, and its variety

Gypsophila repens rosea, which has deeper rose-pink flowers throughout summer.

There are other Achillea used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery




There are other Gypsophila used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery


This image shows the Creeping baby's breath (Gypsophila repens). It has been taken at the island Mainau. By André Karwath aka Aka via Wikimedia Commons.

Selliera radicans

Supplier in Australia
Supplier in New Zealand
Supplier in USA

Polygala calcarea (Chalk Milkwort in the Milkwort Wildflower Family)

Supplier in UK

Silene acaulis exscapa


Potentilla verna nana

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Veronica prostrata 'Mrs Holt'

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Supplier in USA






For a moister spot or close to stones,

Selliera radicans (Syn. Hypsela longiflora) will form a spreading mat of green foliage, producing mauve-pink tubular flowers throughout the summer. Pygmies of cushiony or tufted growth and no invasive strength but splendid foliage and colour are the native

Polygala calcarea, with bright blue flower spikes from grass-green mats in May-July,

Silene acaulis exscapa, rich green moss-like cushions of an inch (2.5 cms) high with pink flowers in May-June;

Potentilla verna nana of tufted growth and light yellow flowers in spring; and

Veronica prostrata 'Mrs Holt', a Speedwell of 3 inches (7.5 cms) with pink flowers from June-August.







There are other Polygala used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

There are other Silene used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

There are other Potentilla used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

There are other Veronica used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery


Selliera radicans - Botanical specimen in the Palmengarten, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. By Daderot via Wikimedia Commons.


Polygala calcarea. In Muntanya d'Alinyà (Alt Urgell-Catalunya). To 1.660 m. altitude. By Isidre blanc via Wikimedia Commons.


Silene acaulis. Arctic flowers have to be hardy and grow in tight little clumps. By Alastair Rae from London, UK via Wikimedia Commons.


Flower: front and rear view. The upper sepal is much smaller than the others.

Taxonym: Veronica prostrata ss Fischer et al. EfÖLS 2008 ISBN 978-3-85474-187-9
Location: Donauinsel, Vienna-Floridsdorf - ca. 160 m a.s.l.

Habitat: dry grassland like slope. By Stefan.lefnaer via Wikimedia Commons.

Gentiana sino-ornata

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Gentiana acaulis (stemless gentian)

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Gentiana verna (Spring Gentian in Gentian Wildflower Family)

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Gentiana farreri (Photo of Flower from Gentians.be is a site by and for Gentian lovers. We have a large growing database with the names and pictures of gentians and articles about various topics and so on...)

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Gentiana hexa-farreri

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Gentiana x 'Inverleith'

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Information about Gentiana from the Alpine Garden Society. and the North American Rock Garden Society. The Alpine Garden Society also sells books and publications.


Photos and details about hybrids of Gentiana in English translation and Russian.






Where it is happy in lime-free soil,

Gentiana sino-ornata and its hybrids may be introduced for their lovely blue trumpet flowers of autumn. Where they are found to thrive

Gentiana acaulis may also be planted and allowed to spread, and the native

Gentiana verna, the smaller, sky-blue flowering Gentian, should certainly be brought in.



Where there is lime in the soil,

Gentiana farreri,

Gentiana hexa-farreri and

Gentiana x 'Inverleith', all autumn-flowering and spreading when suited, may be tried.

Edrom Nurseries in Scotland sells many Evergreen Alpines and Herbaceous Alpines, as well as Plants for Shade - Evergreen, Ferns (Further details about some Ferns in Fern Plant Gallery) and Herbaceous. We have at present, a trough garden with over sixty troughs, raised beds and a half acre woodland garden, all of which may be seen in the miscellaneous pictures gallery. A four acre woodland garden is under development as we speak although this will take some time to complete, as we are still at the stage of removing bracken, brambles, gorse and fallen or unstable trees. We're hoping this will be ready for 2016. Paths and bridges have been constructed and planting of the beds is in full flow.


There are other Gentiana used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery


Gentiana sino-ornata in flower. Huluhai, Sichuan - 葫芦海 四川. By rduta on Flickr via Wikimedia Commons.


Gentiana acaulis. By I, KENPEI via Wikimedia Commons.


Gentiana verna. By Opioła Jerzy via Wikimedia Commons.


Gentiana farreri - Italiano: Genziana del Tibet. By Francesco Rigotti via Wikimedia Commons.


Dwarf conifers give an air of distinction to an alpine meadow but need to be well-sited and to scale. They usually look best to the side or back of the meadow, particularly if near to an out-jutting rock or outcrop. Suitable choices are described in Alpine Shrubs and Conifers Page 2. A grouping of 3 of the slower-growing upright conifers is highly effective, while more prostrate kinds can be used to wed the meadow to stone or a slope.


The alpine meadow is the ideal place for placing a succession of the dwarf species and varieties of bulbs. These, too, should be planted in drifts or groups in and among the mats and creeping carpets of the meadow's alpines. With the aid of a small, narrow bladed trowel, they can be put in their places at an appropriate time to give delightful shows of beautiful and colourful flowers through the autumn, winter and spring months. Their foliage must, of course, be allowed to grow on and wither before being removed, since the leaves must make the food to fill the bulbs for another year.

Here is a short selection:-


AUTUMN-FLOWERING: Plant August-September, 2 inches (5 cms) deep

Crocus asturicus atropurpureus

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Crocus asturicus atropurpureus, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high, dark violet, late

There are other Crocus used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

There are other Crocus in Colchicum and Crocus Gallery

The Crocus Database of the National Gardening Association has 343 images of 328 crocus. The Plant Database has 683,245 plants, and 394,232 images in the database.
It has
Garden Learning Library,
How-To Videos and
Edible Landscaping Pages.

Crocus kotschyanus

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Crocus kotschyanus leucopharynx (Crocus zonatus)

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Crocus kotschyanus (Syn. zonatus), 2 inches (5 cms) high, rosy-lilac, orange base, and its variety

Crocus kotschyanus leucopharynx, (syn. Crocus karduchorum), lavender-pink, with large white throat.


"The Dig Drop Done Foundation was founded to promote the joy of bulb gardening and ensure its future in North America and Canada. This diverse and committed group of companies has devoted its time, knowledge and financial support to educating consumers on the simple, surprising beauty that flowering bulbs bring to our lives."

Its members also sell bulbs, so at least one of them would probably sell these crocus on this page.


Crocus kotschyanus between paving stones. By Meneerke bloem via Wikimedia Commons.

Crocus longiflorus

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Crocus longiflorus, 4 inches (10 cms) high, lilac-blue, delicious scent



Crocus longiflorus. By Jpaquetvence via Wikimedia Commons.

Crocus medius

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Crocus medius, 2 inches (5 cms) high, lilac-purple, orange-red anthers, striking.



Crocus ochroleucus

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Crocus ochroleucus, 4 inches (10 cms) high, creamy-white, orange base.



Crocus ochroleucus - close-up. By Meneerke bloem via Wikimedia Commons.

Crocus pulchellus

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Crocus pulchellus 'Zephyr'

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Crocus pulchellus, 2 inches (5 cms) high, soft lilac, golden throat.

Crocus pulchellus 'Zephyr', large white, shaded pearly-grey, is lovely.



Crocus serotinus salzmannii

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Crocus salzmannii 'Erectophyllus'

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Crocus salzmannii, 4 inches (10 cms) high, lavender-blue.

Crocus salzmannii erectophyllus has dark blue flowers, with orange anthers.

Botanic Gardens Conservation International

BGCI provides a global voice for all botanic gardens, championing and celebrating their inspiring work. We are the world's largest plant conservation network, open to all. Join us in helping to save the world's threatened plants.


Crocus speciosus

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Crocus speciosus albus

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Crocus speciosus 'Artabur'

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Crocus speciosus 'Cassiope'

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Crocus speciosus globus


Crocus speciosus 'Oxonian'

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Crocus speciosus, 2 inches (5 cms) high, bright blue, naturalizing freely; and

Crocus speciosus albus, white;

Crocus speciosus 'Artabur', pale blue, darker feathering;

Crocus speciosus 'Cassiope', blue with cream base;

Crocus speciosus globus, rich blue, late-blooming; and

Crocus speciosus 'Oxonian', deep violet blue.

"Gardening is for everyone to enjoy. What better way to get children inspired to get out in the garden than to offer them bulbs and plants especially picked for their easy growing?"


Leucojum autumnale (Acis autumnalis)

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Leucojum autumnale, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high, white, pinkish at base, flowers appearing in early autumn before the leaves. Plant 1 inch (2.5 cms) deep in July.

There are other Leucojum used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery


Français : Gros plan d'une fleur d'Acis autumnalis. By Meneerke bloem via Wikimedia Commons.

Oxalis lobata (Oxalis pericaria)

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Oxalis lobata, 2 inches (5 cms) high, golden-yellow flowers; plant 1 inch (2.5 cms) deep in sheltered sunny spot in July-August.

Growing Tips from Border Alpines - Customers often ask us how we manage to get our plants looking so lush, green and healthy. The simple answer is: "Plant green side up, water well until established and feed each year at the end of the flowering period."


There are other Oxalis used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery


Oxalis lobata. By Ghislain118 http://www.fleurs-des-montagnes.net via Wikimedia Commons.


Plants for Small Gardens mail-order nursery in England has the following Plant Types:-


Besides plants , Mountain Valley Growers in California, USA also sells books like this one on Lasagna Gardening - A new layering system for Bountiful Gardens: No Digging, No Tilling, No Weeding, No Kidding!:-

"Patricia Lanza got carried away with her layers of stuff gardening and ended up making over 60 gardens. She wisely advises, though, that you start with just one. 

I like her approach in dealing with new gardens on sodded or weed full places. She just places wet newspapers over them and then covers that with a layer of peat moss. She layers garden matter on top of that and then more peat moss. It is a pretty informal system that allows a wonderful garden to emerge in a short amount of time.

This book is chock full of tips and timesavers and her favorite varieties of veggies and fruits. She creates not only herb and vegetable gardens, but gets creative and gives you guidelines for every thing from white gardens to edible flower gardens."


The Hebe Society was founded in 1985 and is a British Registered Charity. It is affiliated to the Royal Horticultural Society, New Zealand Alpine Garden Society and Tatton Garden Society. Most members are in the British Isles, but some are in the rest of Europe, North America and New Zealand.

Although initially formed for those interested in hebes, the Society now supports the cultivation and conservation of all New Zealand plants.

National Collections at

  • Plumpton College, East Sussex and Threshfield, North Yorkshire

Other collections are at:

  • Victoria Park,
  • Haywards Heath and
  • Lovell Quinta Arboretum, Cheshire

Exhibits at the Arley Garden Festival, Cheshire (in June)


CROCUS Posted on August 30, 2013 by Rupert Foxton-Smythe in HousePlants Guru:-

"Plant bulbs from September to November 3 in. deep, in a rich sandy loam. Protect from birds by black cotton thread. Take bulbs up every third year after the leaves have withered, for division and transplanting.

The Large Dutch Crocuses are much better known than the wild or species crocus and their varieties which are described later. They should be planted in September or October 2 in. apart and about 3 in. deep. They are easily increased by separating the clusters of corms, though once planted they are best left undisturbed until the clumps show signs of deteriorating. The yellow varieties especially are liable to attacks by birds. The old method of stretching black cotton or thread over short sticks is still a good deterrent. If growing in pots or bowls indoors, plant more shallowly and closer — say 1 in. apart. Corms at least 9 in. in circumference are best. They should be plunged outdoors under a 4 in. layer of ashes for a month or so and brought indoors when about 1 in. of top growth is apparent. Crocuses must be grown cool and away from fire heat — the Golden Yellow variety cannot be generally recommended for bowls or pots, but all other kinds are usually very successful.

Choice of Varieties:

  • Amethyst: silvery amethyst-blue.
  • Enchantress: lilac-mauve.
  • Gladstone: deep purple.
  • Little Dorrit: silvery-lilac.
  • Mikado: silvery-grey with purple stripes.
  • Snowstorm: white.
  • Striped Beauty: ash-grey with mauve stripes.

Wild or Species Crocus:

Why so many amateurs neglect these small-flowering crocuses is difficult to understand. They are mostly very easy to grow, demanding the same conditions and treatment as the larger varieties and are by no means expensive. Their beauty is more subtle, more refined altogether than the fat and perhaps over-planted crocuses one sees in nearly every garden. Some species, notably Crocus tomasinianus, increase rapidly by means of self-sown seedlings. One can choose from species which flower in autumn, winter or early spring. Admittedly some flowers may be spoilt by bad weather but planting underneath trees or on a rockery alongside large stones will furnish shelter from cold winds and heavy rains. These crocuses are ideal subjects for window-boxes.

Autumn- Flowering:

  • C. asturicus atropurpureus: violet-purple. Late.
  • C. Karduchorum: pale lavender with a white throat. Early.
  • C. longiflorus: lilac with vivid scarlet stigmata. Fragrant. Late.
  • C. medius: bright purple. Late.
  • C. ochroleucus: creamy-white. Very effective naturalised in grass. Late. C. speciosus: the best-known of the autumn species and almost the earliest, flowering in September. The type is violet-blue but there are other forms in varying shades of blue as well as a white variety.

Winter-Flowering Species:

  • C. ancyrensis (Golden Bunch): tangerine-yellow, exceptionally free flowering, sometimes with 18 blooms to a corm.
  • C. imperati: violet.
  • C. laevigatus Fontenayi: pastel-lavender with a white throat.

Spring-Flowering Species:

The bulk of the wild crocuses bloom in early spring. C. Balansae: orange and mahogany-brown. C. biflorus (Scotch Crocus): white with blue stripes. Fragrant. C. chrysanthus: the various forms of this species are among the finest of all crocuses. They are first-rate rock plants, do well in bowls or pots and are delightful in window-boxes. Blue Beauty is a pleasing shade of pastel blue, darker towards the base of the petals, Blue Bird bluish-purple with brilliant orange-red stigmata, the blooms being very long-lasting, Cream Beauty, creamy-yellow and very attractive for decoration if grown in a shallow bowl, Snow Bunting, white, feathered indigo. E. A. Bowles is canary yellow with a bronze throat, the blooms standing up unusually well to wind and rain

  • C. dalmaticus: pale mauve-blue with yellow throat. The variety Firefly is a rosy colour with orange stamens. C. olivieri: deep orange-yellow.
  • C. sieberi: lavender-blue with yellow throat and orange stigmata. Excellent for bowls and window-boxes. C. susianus (Cloth of Gold): brown and yellow.
  • C. tomasinianus: first-rate for naturalizing in grass, and seeds freely on most soils. The type is usually described as sapphire-lavender but there are several attractive variants, all very free-flowering. Barr’s Purple is more lilac than purple, Taplow Ruby is dark ruby-purple."

Ivydene Gardens Infill Plants Index Gallery:
Alpine - The Alpine Meadow with Autumn Flowering Bulbs Page 1


Visitors to the mountains of Switzerland and other alpine regions will know the delight of coming upon the glowing kaleidoscopic colour of an alpine meadow be-jewelled with flowering alpine in full bloom.
Reduced to garden context the alpine meadow becomes a lawn formed of dwarf, creeping or squat carpeting plants, which flower in due season and yet have the inestimable virtue of requiring no regular mowing.
It can be made as a separate and distinctive feature on its own:-

  • it makes a happy solution to the problem of clothing a small area that does not warrant grass and the expenditure on a lawn mower.
  • when a lawn is up to a house wall, your boundary fence, log roll fencing or surrounding a tree. Then, it is very difficult to cut all the grass adjacent to that fixed object. Replace a 6 inch (15 cms) width from that object to the lawn with an alpine meadow, and then mowing that adjacent lawn becomes much easier.
  • area under and adjacent to a picket fence, a post and rail fence or footpath demarcation where the lawn or the flower bed can be replaced by the alpine meadow.

But with equal facility, it can be adapted to quite large areas, becoming pleasant to walk upon and durable enough for most garden lawn purposes as an ornamental feature.
But the alpine meadow, like its natural counterpart, associates most beautifully with rock. It can be used to carpet a plateau within the rock garden or to clothe ground between related outcrops of rock. It is also the ideal way of merging a rock garden into the greater garden design and scene. In some instances, it may be necessary for want of space to confine the rock garden to its allotted space by placing a flagged or gravel path around its front edges. A better way is, where space allows, to let the foothills of the rock garden run out into an alpine meadow.
The site needs as careful preparation as the rock garden itself. Drainage must be excellent, and the ground dug and amended with grit, coarse sand and peat to give a free-draining rooting medium. Particulat attention should be given to the removal of every scrap of perennial weeds and their roots, especially the pernicious and invasive couch grass, bindweed, ground elder, oxalis, speedwells and thistles.
The soil should then be firmed well by walking on it with the heels, raking and tamping it down. On the heavier soils, it is well worth spreading an inch or 2 (2.5-5 cms) of coarse sand over the area. The next step is to put down stone flags as stepping-stones to give access to the rock garden and where there will be much wear. They should be spaced at easy stride distances, large enough to take both feet, and set almost flush with the soil surface. Their shape is not very material for their edges will soon be blurred by creeping plants, but they should harmonize with the stone used in the rock garden.

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950 by Faber and Faber Limited describes every method of propagation for 2,500 species.

Unlike modern books published since 1980, this one states exactly what to do and is precisely what you require if you want to increase your alpines.

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Pest Control by Companion Planting

The following 2 books (written by Louise Riotte 1909-1998 who was one of North America's most beloved gardeners) provide a wealth of extra information telling you what plants to put together for what purpose and how it does it (The only wasted information on each page is the page number!!!):-

Carrots love Tomatoes: Secrets of Companion Planting for Successful Gardening by Louise Riotte Second Edition (Storey Publishing 1998) ISBN-13: 978-1-58017-027-7

Roses love Garlic: Companion Planting and other Secrets of Flowers by Loiuse Riotte Second Edition (Storey Publishing 1998)
ISBN 1-58017-028-5