Ivydene Gardens Infill2 Plants Index Gallery:
Alpine - Alpines and Paving

INFILL2 PLANTS INDEX GALLERY PAGES

Links in Table below are available in Shrub Tree Shape Index Gallery


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Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

Click on number in cells below to jump to that page detailing those cultivated plants with that plant type and their botanical name starts with that letter.

Click on or underlined text to jump to page comparing flower thumbnails of that blue colour.
is Red, Pink, Purple and is Unusual or Other Flower Colour.

Plant Type
with links to Other Plant Photo Galleries

A
B
C

D
E
F

G
H
I

J
K
L

M
N
O

P
Q
R

S
T
U

V
W
X

Y
Z

Alpine in Evergreen Perennial, Herbaceous Perennial and Rock Garden

 

1

 

 

1

 

 

1

 

Aquatic

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Annual/ Biennial

1

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

Bamboo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bedding and RHS Mixed Border Beds



















Bicolour

Other Flower Colours

White / Colour Bicolour

Bulb and
Allium / Anemone, Colchicum / Crocus, Dahlia, Gladiolus, Narcissus, Tulip





 

 



 



 



1



Climber



 





 









Conifer

1

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Shrub

1

 

 

 



 







Deciduous Tree

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Perennial

1

 

 

 



 







Evergreen Shrub , Semi-Evergreen Shrub and Heather

1

 

 

 



 







Evergreen Tree

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fern

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grass

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

Herbaceous Perennial and RHS Mixed Border Beds



 

 

1



 







Herb

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Odds and Sods

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rose

 

 





 









Soft Fruit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sub-Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Top Fruit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vegetable

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wildflower
with
Plants used by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterflies in the UK



















Shrub and Small Tree

Botanical Names Page

Common Names Page

Companion Planting

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

UV

W

XYZ

Pest Control by Companion Planting

The following 2 books (written by Louise Riotte 1909-1998 who was one of North America's most beloved gardeners) provide a wealth of extra information telling you what plants to put together for what purpose and how it does it (The only wasted information on each page is the page number!!!):-

Carrots love Tomatoes: Secrets of Companion Planting for Successful Gardening by Louise Riotte Second Edition (Storey Publishing 1998) ISBN-13: 978-1-58017-027-7

Roses love Garlic: Companion Planting and other Secrets of Flowers by Loiuse Riotte Second Edition (Storey Publishing 1998)
ISBN 1-58017-028-5

 

Click on text in cells below to jump to that page detailing those Infill2 Plants of that plant type for that Cultivation requirement.

Plant Type
 

 

Alpines for Rock Garden (See Rock Garden Plant Flowers)

Alpine Shrubs and Conifers

The Alpine Meadow
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

The Alpine Border

Alpine Plants for a Purpose

The Alpines that Dislike Lime

Alpines and Walls
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

Alpines and Paving

Sink and Trough gardens

Aquatic
(Water Plants) for

Anti-erosion Riverbank

Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants)

Oxy-genating Weeds

Water Lilies

Floating Plants

Waterside Plants
and Plants for Dry Margins next to a Pond

Wildlife Pond Plants

Annual for

----------------

Plants for Cut Flowers in
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

Exposed Sites

Sheltered Sites with Green-house Annuals from 1916

Extra Poor Soil with Half-Hardy Annuals from 1916

Very Rich Soil with Biennials from 1916

Gap-filling in Mixed Borders with Hardy Annuals from 1916

Patio Containers

Cut Flowers Page 1
Page 2 Everlasting Flowers with Red Flowers from 1916

Attracting beneficial insects

Scent / Fragrance with Annuals for Cool or Shady Places from 1916

Low-allergen Gardens for Hay Fever Sufferers

Annual Plant Pairing Ideas

Low-Growing Annuals

Medium-Growing Annuals

Tall-Growing Annuals with White Flowers from 1916

Black or Brown Flowers

Blue to Purple Flowers

Green Flowers with Annuals and Biennials from 1916

Red to Pink Flowers
Page 1
Page 2

White Flowers

Yellow or Orange Flowers

Decorative Foliage

Moist Soil

Shade

House-plants with Yellow Flowers from 1916

Edging Beds

Hanging Baskets

Vining Annuals

 

Bedding for

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Autumn/ Winter Bedding

Bedding for Light Sandy Soil

Bedding for Acid Soil

Bedding for Chalky Soil

Bedding for Clay Soil

Black Flowers

Blue Flowers

Orange Flowers

Pink Flowers

Long Flowering

Coloured Leaves

Attractive to Wildlife including Bees, Butterflies and Moths

Purple Flowers

Red Flowers

White Flowers

Yellow Flowers

Multi-Coloured Flowers

Aromatic Foliage or Scented Flowers

Bedding Plant Use

Flowers with 2 Petals

Flowers with 3 Petals

Flowers with
4 Petals

Flowers with 5 Petals

Flowers with 6 Petals

Flowers with more than 6 Petals

Use in Hanging Baskets

Flower Simple Shape

Shape of
Stars

Shape of
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Shape of
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Shape of
Trumpets and Funnels

Shape of
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

Use in Pots and Troughs

Flower Elaborated Shape

Shape of
Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Shape of
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Shape of
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

 

Use in
Screening

Use in
Window Boxes

Shape of
Standards, Wings and Keels

Shape of
Discs and Florets

Shape of
Pin-Cushions and Tufts

Shape of
Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

Cut Flowers

Use in Bedding Out

Use in
Filling In

Biennial for

Cottage and Other Gardens

Cut Flower with Biennials for Rock Work from 1916

Patio Containers with Biennials for Pots in Greenhouse / Conservatory

Beneficial to Wildlife with Purple and Blue Flowers from 1916

Scent with Biennials for Sunny Banks or Borders from 1916

 

 

Bulb for
--------------
Explanation Intro to Bulbs
--------------
725 Blue, White, Yellow, Unusual Colour, or Red-Purple-Pink flowering Bulbs in each month they flower.

Indoor Bulbs for
December
January
February

Indoor Bulbs for
March
April
May

Indoor
Bulbs for
June
July
August

Indoor Bulbs for September
October
November

Bulbs in Window-boxes

Bulbs in the Border

Bulbs naturalised in Grass

Plant Bloom Dec-Jan
Feb-Mar

Plant Bloom
Apr-May
Jun-Aug

Plant Bloom
Sep-Oct
Nov-Dec

Plant Bloom Smallest of Gardens

Bulbs for the Bulb Frame

Bulbs in the Woodland Garden

Bulbs in the Rock Garden

Bulbs in Green-house or Stove

Achimenes, Alocasias, Amorpho-phalluses, Arisaemas, Arums, Begonias, Bomareas, Caladiums

Clivias,
Colocasias, Crinums, Cyclamens, Cyrt-anthuses, Eucharises, Urceocharis, Eurycles

Freesias, Gloxinias, Hae-manthus, Hipp-eastrums

Lachenalias, Nerines, Lycorises, Pen-cratiums, Hymen-ocallises, Richardias, Sprekelias, Tuberoses, Vallotas, Watsonias, Zephy-ranthes

Bulbs in Bowls

Bulbs in the Alpine House

Hardy Bulbs

Aconitum, Allium, Alstroe-meria, Anemone

Amaryllis, Antheri-cum, Antholy-zas, Apios, Arisaema, Arum, Aspho-deline,

Aspho-delus, Belam-canda, Bloomeria, Brodiae, Bulbo-codium

Calochorti, Cyclo-bothras, Camassia, Colchicum, Con-vallaria, Forcing Lily of the Valley, Corydalis, Crinum, Crosmia, Montbretia , Crocus

Cyclamen, Dicentra, Dierama, Eranthis, Eremurus, Erythrnium, Eucomis

Fritillaria, Funkia, Galanthus, Galtonia, Gladiolus, Hemero-callis

Hyacinth, Hyacinths in Pots, Scilla, Puschkinia, Chionodoxa, Chionoscilla, Muscari

Iris, Kniphofia, Lapeyrousia, Leucojum

Lilium,

Lilium in Pots, Malvastrum, Merendera, Milla, Narcissus, Narcissi in Pots

Orni-thogalum, Oxalis, Paeonia, Ran-unculus, Romulea, Sanguin-aria,
Stern-bergia, Schi-zostylis, Teco-philaea, Trillium

Tulip, Zephy-ranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs

Acidanthera, Albuca, Alstroemeri, Andro-stephium, Bassers, Boussing-aultias, Bravoas, Cypellas, Dahlias, Galaxis,
Geis-sorhizas, Hesper-anthas

Gladioli, Ixias,
Sparaxises, Babianas, Morphixias, Tritonias

Ixiolirions, Moraeas, Orni-thogalums, Oxalises, Phaedra-nassas,
Pan-cratiums, Tigridias, Zephyr-anthes, Cooperias

Bulbs for Bedding

 

Plant Bedding Spring
Summer

Climber 3 sector Vertical Plant System with flowers in
Jan,
Feb,
Mar,
Apr,
May 1, 2
Jun,
Jul,
Aug,
Sep,
Oct,
Nov,
Dec

----------

Choosing the right Shrub or Climber

1a.
The Base -
Base of Wall Plants

1b.
Annuals

1c.
Herbs and Vegetables

1d.
Cut flowers, Cut Foliage

1e.
Scented flower or foliage

1f.
Foliage use only

 

2a. 1,2,3,4
The Prime - Wall Shrubs

2b.
Fruit trees

3a.
The Higher Reaches -
House-wall Ramblers

3b. 1,2
Non-House-Wall - Climbing Twiners

3c.
Non-House-Wall - Self-clinging Climbers

Raised Bed for Wheelchair Users

Plants for Wildlife-Use as well

Fastest Covering

Least protruding growth when fan-trained

1, 2
Evergreen

Use as
Hedge

Exposed Positions

Use as Groundcover

1,2
Ornam-ental Fruit

Scented Flowers

1, 2
Autumn Foliage Colour

Winter Bark

Winter and Early Spring Flowers

Summer Colour or Shape of Foliage

Edible Fruit

Needs Conservatory or Greenhouse

Large Pots and Containers

Cut Flowers

Attractive to Bees

Climber - Simple Flower Shape

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a
Stars

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1a1
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord2
Trumpets and Funnels

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming
Salverform

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14q1
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

 

Climber - Elaborated Flower Shape

prunellaflotgrandiflora
Tubes, Lips and Straps

aquilegiacfloformosafoord
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14u1a
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14v1a
Standards, Wings and Keels

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock
Disks and Florets

androsacecforyargongensiskevock
Pin-cushions, Tufts, Petal-less and Cushions

armeriaflomaritimakevock
Umbels, Buttons and Pompoms


Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club. Published in 1962. It provides most of the data about the Alpines.

Essential Annuals The 100 Best for Design and Cultivation. Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell. ISBN 0-517-66177-2, provides data about annuals.


Indoor Bulb Growing by Edward Pearson. Published by Purnell & Sons, Ltd in 1953. It provides the data about Indoor Bulbs and Bulbs in Window-boxes.

Colour All The Year In My Garden: A selection of choice varieties - annuals, biennials, perennials, bulbs, climbers and trees and shrubs - that will give a continuity of colour in the garden throughout the year. Edited by C.H. Middleton. Gardening Book from Ward, Lock & Co published in 1938, provides plant data for a calendar of plants in bloom throughout the year and for those in the smallest garden.

The Book of Bulbs by S. Arnott, F.R.H.S. Printed by Turnbull & Spears, Edinburgh in 1901. This provides data about Hardy Bulbs, Half-Hardy Bulbs, Greenhouse and Stove Bulbs.

Collins Guide to Bulbs by Patrick M. Synge. ISBN 0 00 214016-0 First Edition 1961, Second Edition 1971, Reprinted 1973. This provides data on bulbs for bedding, bulbs in the border, bulbs naturalised in grass, bulbs in the woodland garden, bulbs in the rock garden, bulbs in pans in the alpine house, bulbs in the greenhouse, bulbs in bowls and the bulb frame.

Ivydene Gardens Infill2 Plants Index Gallery:
Alpine - Alpines and Paving

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier for you to contact to buy this plant

Flower Colour
and Background Colour nearest to main petal colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Sun Aspect:- Full Sun,
Part Shade, Full Shade

with link to external website for photo/data

Flowering Months in UK

with link to
USA or
Canada
mail-order supplier

Height with Spacings or Width (W) in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour

and Background Colour nearest to middle-aged leaf colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Soil Moisture:-
Dry,
Moist,
Wet

with link to Australia or New Zealand mail-order supplier

Plant Type is:-

A for Aquatic
Ann for Annual / Biennial
Ba for Bamboo
Bu for Bulb
Cl for Climber
Co for Conifer
F for Fern
G for Grass
H for Herb
P for Perennial
Rh for Rhodo-dendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro for Rose
Sh for Shrub
So for Soft Fruit
To for Top Fruit
Tr for Tree
V for Vegetable
W for Wildflower

followed by:-
E for Evergreen,
D for Deciduous,
H for Herbaceous,
Alpine for being an Alpine as well as being 1 of above Plant Type /

 
Acid for Acidic,
Alk for Alkaline,
Any for AnySoil
 

with link to
ALL PLANTS Index Gallery page

Comments

A plant of first-class merit, suggested as 'First Choices'

Adjacent Planting

Plant Associations

It is sad to reflect that in England so few gardens open to the public label their plants or label them so that the label is visible when that plant is in flower, so that visitors can identify; and then later locate and purchase that plant.

Few mail-order nurseries provide the detail as shown in my rose or heather galleries.

If you want to sell a product, it is best to display it. When I sold my Transit van, I removed its signage, cleaned it and took photos of the inside and outside before putting them onto an advert in Autotrader amongst more than 2000 other Transit vans - it was sold in 20 minutes.

If mail-order nurseries could put photos to the same complexity from start of the year to its end with the different foliage colours and stages of flowering on Wikimedia Commons, then the world could view the plant before buying it, and idiots like me would have valid material to work with.

I have been in the trade (until ill health forced my Sole Trader retirement in 2013) working in designing, constructing and maintaining private gardens for decades and since 2005 when this site was started, I have asked any nursery in the world to supply photos. R.V. Roger in Yorkshire allowed me to use his photos from his website in 2007 and when I got a camera to spend 5 days in July 2014 at my expense taking photos of his roses growing in his nursery field, whilst his staff was propagating them. I gave him a copy of those photos.

 

Botanical Plant Name

Exposure

Flower Colour and
Flowering Months

Height in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Soil Preference

 

 

 

 

 

Plants suitable for Paving

Acaena microphylla (Scarlet Bidi-bidi, Bronze New Zealand Burr)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Acaena buchananii

Supplier in UK
Supplier in New Zealand

Acaena inermis

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Greenish flowers that mature into copper-red burrs during the summer months

August

2-4 (5-10)

Dry, Well-drained, Chalk, Sand or Loam. Perform best in sandy soils.

P H

Acaena microphylla - New Zealand Burrs are easy-to-grow alpine plants. This species forms a bronzy mat of lacy foliage, bearing interesting greenish flowers that mature into copper-red burrs during the summer months. A good choice for between flagstones, as an edging or lawn substitute. Although nice in the rock garden, plants can grow beyond where they are wanted, so keep a firm upper hand. Evergreen in mild winter regions. May be clipped back in early spring. Easily divided in early fall or spring. Excellent cover for small spring-flowering bulbs of all kinds.

 

It is here that we can plant the Acaenas, too invasive to place elsewhere in the rock garden;
Acaena microphylla with bronzy leaves and red flowers in summer;

Acaena buchananii, grey-green leaves, and

Acaena inermis, similar to Acaena microphylla,

and all making mats of compact growth, 2 inches (5 cms) high.

 

Acaena are increased very easily from division in September or spring, planted direct any soil, a very poor one is best, and a position in full sun. All are rampant carpeters, grown for foliage only, though the seed heads are attractive. Crazy paving, bulb cover, strangling weeds.

The following is a general guide for growing Acaena genus members from seed, and although not specific to Acaena microphylla should provide good results: Sow seeds either after the last frost or in the autumn at a depth of 5 mm (0.2 inches). Germination takes 4-12 weeks at a temperature of 10-15°C (50-60°F).

Invasive, mat-forming and creeping evergreen herbs, chiefly useful in paving. Flowers in close heads with burr-like coloured calyx spines. The following species come from New Zealand, like sun but also tolerate shade. Propagate by division in early Autumn.

A. buchanii. 1 inch (2.5 cms) high. Dense, whitish-grey foliage, yellowish burrs on flower-heads, summer.

A. microphylla. 1-2 inches (2.5-5 cms) high. Bronzy evergreen foliage, spiny crimson burrs, July-September.

A. novae-zealandiae. PLEASE DO NOT BUY, PLANT OR COLLECT THIS SEED ON YOUR CLOTHING SINCE THE SEED WILL CLOG THE FEATHERS OF GROUND-NESTING BIRDS AND THEN THEY WILL STARVE. 2 inches (5 cms) high. Similar to above, less showy, with purplish barbed spiny burrs.

acaenacformicrophyllawikimediacommons1

Acaena microphylla - Photo taken on 5 August 2010. By Laxskinn via Wikimedia Commons.

acaenacfolbuchananiiwikimediacommons1

Acaena buchananii leaves and fruit - Photo taken on 9 September 2006. By Sten Porse via Wikimedia Commons.

acaenacfolinermiswikimediacommons

Latina: Acaena inermis. By Ghislain118 (AD) via Wikimedia Commons.

Achillea argentea (Sweet Nancy)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

White

Jun-Aug

10 (25)

Well-drained but frequently watered, Soil that is Sand, Chalk or loam

P E

The Achilleas are an easy race for full sun and starvation. Increase by soft cuttings between June and September, ready for planting or sale in about 2 months. Also division March or April, or September, direct planting in spring, potting autumn.

Achilleas are mat-forming, easily grown, silvery-grey evergreen perennials, needing full sun and good drainage.

There are other achillea used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

 

Antennaria dioica (Stoloniferous pusstoes, Mountain Everlasting is a member of the Wildlife Daisy: Cudweed Family)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

Pale pink ray florets and darker pink disc florets

Apr-Jun

4-8 (10-20)

Its lowland habitats include chalk and limestone grassland, heathland, coastal cliff-tops, sand dunes and machair. In upland areas, habitats include rock ledges, crags, streamsides, screes, well-drained acidic grasslands, heathy pastures and dwarf-shrub heaths.

P H

A. dioica minima. Divide March or August, plant direct any soil. This is the smallest and best of a race of tough carpeter, from Northern Europe and North America.
A. dioica and A. dioica rosea, propagate as above.

Antennaria dioica has soft, gray foliage is arguably the best ornamental feature of this spreading ground cover. Grows well between paving stones. It is useful as a small area ground cover in rock gardens, border fronts, foundations or other lean, rocky areas in the landscape. Effective atop stone walls.

A. dioica, 2 inches (5 cms) high. Grey-leaved carpeter, ordinary soils, chiefly valued for alpine meadow or in paving; greenish flowers, June;
var. rosea is a better rose-pink flowering form;
minima, an exquisite dwarf of 1 inch (2.5 cms), making a dense carpet.
Propagated easily by division in August.

antennariacfordioicawikimediacommons

Antennaria diocia in its natural habitat (East-Pyrenees) with Aster alpinus. By Sten Porse via Wikimedia Commons.

Arenaria purpurascens (Pink Sandwort)

Supplier in UK
Supplier from Belgium
Supplier of seeds worldwide

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Pale Purple

May-Jun

2 (5)

average

P

A large genus containing some dwarf carpeting plants worth noting.

A mat of dark green tufted foliage, pale purple starry flowers, May-June.

Division in September, direct planting in normal soil, or potting, to be ready for sale by spring. Also small soft cuttings, normal cutting frame in June, making plants by spring, or seed sown in March, normal soil.

There are other arenaria used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

A large genus containing some dwarf carpeting plants worth noting.

A. balearica, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high. Creeping plant with tiny, shiny leaves, dotted with small white flowers, March-June. Useful for cover in shade, but not near choice plants it may smother. Propagated by division, April.
A. montana, 4 inches (10 cms) high. Deep green foliaged creeper, studded with starry white flowers, June-August.
A. purpurascens, 4 inches (10 cms) high. A mat of dark green tufted foliage, pale purple starry flowers, May-June.

arenariacforpurpurascenswikimediacommons

Arenaria purpurascens, La Pierre Saint-Martin, France. By N140726046, Photo taken by Cptcv * http://www.hysope.net via Wikimedia Commons.

Armeria caespitosa

Supplier in UK
Supplier in Australia - Australia’s largest online and mail order garden supplier, Garden Express leads the way in helping our customers create beautiful gardens. 

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Light Pink

Mar-May

2 (5)

Brilliant as a mixer in any container, for the garden or patio, or placed in a rockery, walls or paving. Prefers well-drained soil.

P

Small cuttings, July and August, with about 0.25 inch (6 mm) of old brown barked wood at the base. Normal frame, or a pan of alpine soil with 0.25 inch of sand, on top. Pot gritty limy soil, ready to plant following April. Seed sown July or March gritty soil, but very rarely true, it crosses with other Thrifts. The faster-growing larger alpine Armerias are increased by cuttings with old wood at the base, potted normal soil if about 3 inches (7.5 cms) long, or inserted normal sand frame in July or August, ready to plant September or spring. Also division in March planted direct or potted.

A genus mainly of alpine tufted perennials, welcoming sun and well-drained lightish soil. Propagated by division, pulling into large pieces and planting them as cuttings in summer.

A. caespitosa, 2 inches (5 cms) high. Densely tufted, pale lilac flowers, May-June,
var. 'Roger Bevan', has deeper coloured rose-red flowers. Scree, paving.

 

There are other armeria used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

armeriacforcaespitosawikimediacommons

Armeria caespitosa

Place:Osaka Prefectural Flower Garden,Osaka,Japan. By N140726046, Photo taken by KENPEI via Wikimedia Commons.

Asperula pontica (Woodruff)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

Pink
Jun-Jul

3-4 (7.5-10)

Mine is on a well-drained raised acid scree garden facing south with little shade.

 

Provides some of the most pleasing easily grown alpines, forwell-drained soil and sun. Popagated by division in April.
A. hirta, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high. Mat-forming, deep green leaves in whorls, white to pink flowers, July-September.

A. nitida, 4 inches (10 cms) high. Cushiony and neat, with funnel-shaped pink flowers, July-August.
A. suberosa, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high. Tufted, silvery hairy foliage, pink flowers on 2-inch (5-cm) spikes, June-July.

There are other asperula used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

Canadian website of the Ottawa Valley Rock Garden & Horticultural Society (OVRGHS).

Aubrieta in variety

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA
Supplier in USA
Supplier in UK - Wood Cottage Nursery

Full Sun

Apr-Jul

6 (15)

average

 

For alpine gardening, chiefly confined to hybrid forms of Aubretia deltoides. Excellent for spring colour, easily grown in well-drained soils, with lime, full sun. Too overwhelming for sink and small rock gardens. Elswhere should be kept within bounds by trimming after flowering. Propagated by cuttings, July; heeled cuttings or division, September-October. Some selected colours:-

aubrietacflosgraceawoodcottagenursery
Photo of Aubrieta 'Gracea' from Wood Cottage Nursery

aubrietiacfordeltoideawikimediacommons

Aubrieta deltoidea. By N140726046, Photo taken by Laure Baley1st uploaded as the22,329,571th file in Wikimedia Commons.

Bellium minutum (False Daisy, Miniature Mat Daisy)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Part Shade

White and yellow

Jun-Jul

2 (5)

Gritty, sandy loam.

P

Divide August, plant direct, good carpeter.

This genus is useful in the rock garden, though soon form rather large patches. They thrive in half-shady positions in gritty soil, and are propagated by division in the autumn or spring, or by seeds sown outside in the spring.

 

Campanula arvatica

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

Lavender-blue

Jul-Aug

3 (7.5)

Moist but well-drained soil

P

Divide in September or March, plant direct or pot and grow in frame. Soft cuttings in April or July, seed sown February. A slow-growing prostrate species, good for pan gardens.

Cracking form for crevice, tufa or trough.

A genus of many species, the alpine dwarfs being valuable for their summer flowers; tolerant of sun and partial shade, lime and acid soils, if well-drained. The species come true from seeds. The now numerous hybrids may be propagated by cuttings of young shoots in spring, as may the species.

C. arvatica, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high. Lavender-blue flowers, July-August; has a white form, alba. Needs full sun, light soil. May be propagated by division, September.

 

There are other campanula used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

campanulacforarvaticawikimediacommons

Campanula arvatica, Picos de Europa, Spain. By Johan N via Wikimedia Commons.

Campanula (Bellflower, dwarf hybrids

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Part Shade

 

 

well-drained, sandy loam

P

There are many pages about Campanulas and their different propagation in The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950.
In autumn 2005, I was granted full National Plant Collection® status on alpine campanulas by Plant Heritage (PH), previously called the National Council for the Conservation of Plants and Gardens (NCCPG). 

There are 2 pages describing Campanulas and their culture in Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club. Published in 1962.

Rock Garden Species - abietina, acutangula, allionii, alpina, arvatica, carpatica, excisa, garganica, muralis, planiflora, Portenschlagiana, pulla, pusilla, Raineri, rhomboidalis, rotundifolia, Stansfieldi, Tommasiniana, Waldsteiniana, Zoysii

Cotula squalida (Leptinella squalida, Brass Buttons)

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FullSun,
Part Shade

Yellow

Jun-Jul

2 (5)

Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils. Prefers acidic, organically rich loams. Intolerant of drought.

P H

These are powerful carpeters, like small ferns, which do not mind being trodden on, good bulb cover. Divide from September to March, plant direct.

Container plants may be spaced 9-12” apart when planted as a ground cover. Small area ground cover for sunny spots in the landscape.

C. squalida, 1-2 inches (2.5-5 cms) high. Mat-forming, rather rampant creeper, with fern-like foliage, most useful for paving. Any soil, sun or shade. Propagated by division, April.

cotulacforsqualidawikimediacommons

Cotula squalida - New Zealand brass buttons Asteraceae Oregon (Cultivated). By N140726046, Photo taken by David Eickhoff from Pearl City, Hawaii, USA via Wikimedia Commons.

Dianthus, dwarf varieties, 2-6 inches (5-15 cms) in height

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There are many pages about Dianthus and their different propagation in The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950.

How to Grow and Care for the Dianthus Flower in Containers from Balcony Container Gardening

Dianthus all like well-drained soil, usually limy, and sun.

Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club. Published in 1962. This has just over a page describing suitable dianthus for alpine gardening.

There are other dianthus used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

dianthuscfloslittlemaidenwoodcottagenursery
Photo of Dianthus 'Little Maiden' from Wood Cottage Nursery

Dryas octopetala (Mountain Avens is a member of the Wildflower Rose Family)

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Full Sun

White, yellow-centred

Jun-Jul

2 (5)

average

Sub-shrub

Trailing, mat-forming, sub-shrub, with deep green, oak-like leaves, white, yellow-centred, open flowers, June-July.
Variety
lanata (argentea) is downy-leaved;
minor about half-as-large. Propagated by heeled cuttings, June. Open position, any well-drained soil.

See Dryas octopetala for further details and photos

There are other dryas used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

dryascforoctopetalawikimediacommons

Nederlands: Deze foto toont de Dryas octopetala

'English: This photo shows Dryas octopetala

plant. By Teun Spaans - Own work, attribution required (Multi-license with GFDL and Creative Commons CC-BY 2.5) via Wikimedia Commons.

Erinus alpinus (Alpine Balsam, Fairy Foxglove is a member of the Wildflower Figwort Family)

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Part Shade

Fragrant, Purplish-pink

Mar-Aug

6 (15)

Superb when naturalised, especially in cracks in walls or rockeries.

P Semi-evergreen

The Erinus are a race of easy sun-loving species which can be grown as annuals, but are more perennial grown edgeways in crevices and on the wall garden, where they may be sown direct by scattering the seed where they are required. The hybrids come true from seed from any good seedsman, where several are grown there may be vaiation but these are equally charming. Sow January normal soil, prick out when large enough to handle into boxes, pot if desired, ready to plant April or May. Can be put out direct from boxes for crevice planting.

Erinus are tufted perennial alpines, with attractive green foliage, easily grown, and happy in hot, dry spots, thin soils, and on walls. Propagated best by cuttings, as the coloured forms are considered better than the species.
E. alpinus albus, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high. Sprays of white flowers, May-June.
E. a. 'Hahnle', 3 inches (7.5 cms) high, has deep carmine flowers, and
E. a. 'Mrs. Chas. Boyle', 6 inches (15 cms) high, brilliant rose-pink.

There are more details on these erinus used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

erinuscforalpinuswikimediacommons

Erinus alpinus, Jardin alpin, fr:Jardin des Plantes de Paris. By N140726046, Photo taken by Bouba at French Wikipedia via Wikimedia Commons.

Erodium chamae-dryoides roseum (Erodium x variabile 'Roseum')

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Full Sun

Deep Pink

Jun-Sep

4 (10)

Well-drained alkaline chalk, sand

P H

A genus yielding alpines well suited to sunny, well-drained positions, liking lime in the soil, and propagated by seed, or basal cuttings, June-July. Gardening with Alpines (by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club. Published in 1962.) has details of 5 Erodium.

E. chamaedryoides roseum, 1-3 inches (2.5-7.5 cms) high, tufted growth, small heart-shaped leaves, with rose-pink flowers, June-September. Should be given winter protection.

There are other erodium used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

Frankenia laevis (Sea-heath is a member of the Wildflower Sea-Heath Family)

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Photos

Full Sun

Pink
Jun-Jul

2 (5)

average

 

Mat-forming with heather-like foliage, small pink flowers, July. Propagated by division, April.

Divide September or April. Carpeter. Plant direct, cuttings April to August.

F. laevis, 1 inch (2.5 cms) high. Mat-forming with heather-like foliage, small pink flowers, July. Propagated by division, April.

F. thymifolia, 2 inches (5 cms) high. Tufted, grey, hairy thyme-like foliage, rose-pink flowers, July. Propagated by division, April. Boundary Nursery sells plants by characteristics, for certain tasks, flowering time, light levels required, soil type, for wildlife, coastal areas or windowsill.

There is further details on this in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

frankeniacforlaeviswikimediacommons

Frankenia laevis , a photography originating of the internet site http://sophy.u-3mrs.fr/. By N140726046, Photo taken by H Brisse (upload by Abalg) via Wikimedia Commons.

Globularia laevis

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P E

Globularia are neat evergreen perennials for lightish, well-drained soils, sunny places, and scree. Propagated easily by division in late summer.

There are other globularia used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

Gardening with Alpines (by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club. Published in 1962.) has details of 3 other Globularia.

Hippocrepis comosa (Horseshoe vetch is a member of the Wildflower Peaflower Family)

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Full Sun

Yellow

May-Aug

10-20 (25-50)

Dry, sunny pastures on chalk and limestone, and on rock ledges on limestone cliffs

P

Heel cuttings, pre-flowering in May, normal frame but pot limy soil. Ready to plant September. Very easy from seed sown in January, but plants from cuttings flower best. A strong wall plant.

Plants host a wide range of insect life such as Bees, Butterflies and Caterpillars. Horseshoe Vetch is a very important plant for breeding butterflies, attracting a variety of species in the wild, such as the Adonis Blue, Chalkhill Blue, Silver-Studded Blue and Dingy Skipper, all of which will lay their eggs on the plant.

H.comosa, 'E. R. Janes', 3 inches (7.5 cms) high. A selected form of a native herbaceous plant, useful for carpeting with a mat of pinnate leaves, covered with lemon-yellow flowers, June-August. Full sun, any ordinary well-drained soil, does not mind lime. Propagated by division, autumn or by seed.

This page lists the larval foodplants used by British butterflies.

hippocrepiscforcomosawikimediacommons

Hippocrepis comosa. In Montsec de Rúbies (Noguera-Catalunya). To 1.370 m. altitude. By N140726046, Photo taken by Isidre blanc via Wikimedia Commons.

Hutchinsia (Hornungia alpina, Alpine Cress)

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Full sunlight (cool areas) through to full shade (warm areas).

White

Apr-Jul

12 (30)

Good drainage. Soil pH 6.0 to 7.5. Moist soil. Provide a mulch to maintain soil moisture and to keep the soil cool. Regular watering during dry periods.

P

H. alpina. Divide March, April, plant direct or pot normal soil. Seed sown June makes plants by spring. Carpeter, paving and bulb cover.

H. alpina, 2 inches (5 cms) high. Tufted evergreen perennial, with feathery deep green leaves, covered with small white flowers in clusters, May to July. Sun or partial shade, any well-drained soil. Propagated by seed.

H. auerswaldii, 3-6 inches (7.5-15 cms) high, is very similar but somewhat larger, and needs similar culture.

hutchinsiacforalpinawikimediacommons

Hutchinsia alpina - Pritzelago alpina subsp. alpina', Traunstein, Upper Austria, Austria. By Tigerente via Wikimedia Commons.

Mentha requenii (Corsican Mint)

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Part Shade

Mauve/Lilac

Jul-Aug

0-1 (0-2.5)

Perfect for planting between paving stones in a moist, part-shaded area.

P H

Divide March. Plant direct normal soil. Carpeter.
It is particularly effective as an aromatic filler growing around stepping stones where light foot traffic will release a pleasing mint/sage aroma.

Corsican Mint is a member of the Wildflower Thyme: Mints Family.
M. requienii, 1 inch (2.5 cms) high. Forms a carpet of very small, roundish green leaves, peppermint-scented, with whorls of tiny pale purple flowers, June-July. --->

Good for the alpine meadow or paving; sun, well-drained humus-rich soil. Propagated by division, March-April.
The Thyme Garden can have up to 60 or more varieties of Thyme in it, some we developed ourselves.

Oxalis magellanica (Snowdrop Wood-sorrel)

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Oxalis Care from Monica an enthusiast with her collection

Not a threatened plant in New Zealand.

Part Shade,
Full Shade

White

May-Jul

1 (2.5)

This shamrock is a dense rapid growing ground cover, ideal for covering large areas to create a mossy look, ideal for a Japanese style garden with rocks and water, with a dominant theme of green.
Easily grown in a sandy soil in a warm dry position.

 

Divide April, pot peaty soil, plant after 3 or 4 weeks in peaty soil and a shady place.

There are other oxalis used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery.

Species such as Oxalis corniculata, O. cernua, and O. rubra should be avoided as they can easily become pestiferous weeds. Propagated by division.
O. adenophylla,
O. enneaphylla,
O. lobata are also worthwile alpines.

O. magellanica, 1 inch (2.5 cms) high. Mat-forming, with bronzy-green shamrock-like leaves, bearing short-stemmed large white flowers, May-July. Makes a good plant for paving, walls and carpeting; spreading by stolons. Partial shade and peat or leaf-mould-enriched soil. Propagated by division, April.

Use as groundcover and for dried flowers.

oxaliscfolmagellanicawikimediacommons

Oxalis magellanica habitus. By N140726046, Photo taken by Denis Barthel via Wikimedia Commons.

Paronychia capitata (Algerian Tea)

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The aim of this website Analytical Flora of Israel is to provide scientific information concerning the plant life of Israel and its neighbors: their photographs, distribution and habitat data, morphological diagnostic characters etc.

Full Sun. It cannot grow in the shade.

White

Jul-Aug

1 (2-3)

Sharply drained sandy or gritty soil in dry rocky habitats.

P E

Divide April, plant direct, normal soil. Cuttings from July. Carpeter, insignificant flowers.

Propagate by seeds sown in spring. Grows in any light garden soil.

Requires a sunny position succeeding in hot dry soils and tolerating drought once established. Requires a warm open position in full sun, in a sharply drained sandy or gritty soil. If the soil is too rich the plants leaves will not be so silvery. Plants can be grown in a wall. This species is not hardy in the colder areas of the country, it tolerates temperatures down to between -5 and -10°c, perhaps more if in a perfectly drained soil.

Especially useful as a ground cover plant with bulbs, covering the soil after the bulbs have flowered. The plants form a low carpet, rooting as they spread, and they should be spaced about 30cm apart each way.

paronychiacforcapitatawikimediacommons

Paronychia capitata - Botanical specimen in the Palmengarten, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. By N140726046, Photo taken by Daderot via Wikimedia Commons.

Phlox subulata (Moss Phlox)

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Roger Brook - the no dig gardener (former lecturer in Horticulture) writes a blog about any current gardening whim and immediately sends it out into the ether

Full Sun

Blue, Pink, Purple, White

Apr-May

6 (15)

Tolerates well-drained, drought and sandy, gravelly, rocky, and low-fertility soils

P E

Phlox subulata and all hybrids, of which there are about 30. Soft cuttings June to September. Stop. Ready to plant spring, about February. Will root in the open from long cuttings, 3 or 4 inches (7.5 or 10 cms) of vigorously growing wood trodden in along a trench in a shady border. Esy wall plants, as colourful as Aubretia. Non-intensive.

Use this dense ground cover on steep, dry banks and cascade over walls and out of containers.

The alpine phloxes are as essential and glorious in the rock garden as the taller phloxes are in the herbaceous border. Prostrate in habit, their dense mats of small leaves are neat and attractive, while flowering covers May to June. All like sun, well-drained soil, and are propagated by cuttings May-July.

There are other phlox used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

phloxcflossubulatacandystripeswoodcottagenursery
Photo of Phlox subulata 'Candy Stripes' from Wood Cottage Nursery

Polygala calcarea (Chalk Milkwort is a member of the Wildflower Milkwort Family)

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calcarea means "growing in lime".

iNaturalist.org is a place where you can record what you see in nature, meet other nature lovers, and learn about the natural world.

Full Sun

Pale blue or deep blue

May-Jun

2 (5)

A perennial herb found in tightly-grazed chalk and limestone grassland, usually on warm South-facing slopes. It is a poor competitor which disappears if insufficient grazing allows coarser grasses to become dominant.

P E

Sow January or February normal soil, pot standard alpine soil with one part of crushed chalk to every 4 of the mixture, ready to plant the following spring. The plant is so great a lime-lover that the growing time is halved with chalk. Divide in April, soft cuttings July.

P. calcarea, 2 inches (5 cms) high. Is a native of chalk downs in southern england, a neat, mat-forming evergreen with deep blue terminal racemes of flowers, May-June. Well suited by limy, well-drained soil and sun. Propagated by seed.

There are other polygala used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

polygalacforcalcareawikimediacommons

Polygale du calcaire (Polygala calcarea) : Vercors nord - Villard de lans (38). By N140726046, Photo taken by Stéphane TASSON via Wikimedia Commons.

Saxifraga: Mossy

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See The Saxifrage Society with its SaxBase - online database of saxifrages.

Part Shade

Apr-May

3-6 (15-30)

average, cool

 

Mossy. Saxifrages which make moss-like, evergreen cushions or mats, with flowers, produced freely above them on stems, usually in April-June. They like part shade, and a cool root run, in good well-drained soil. The dwarf forms are good for paving, walls, and by steps. Propagated by division in August.

There are other saxafraga used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Saxifraga
'Avoca Gem'
'Flower of Sulphur'
'Elf'
'James Bremner'
'Red Admiral'
sanguinea superba
'Sir Douglas Haig'
'Winston Churchill'

Saxifraga. Kabschias now Porphyrion

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There are many pages about Saxifraga and their different propagation in The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950.

Gardening with Alpines (by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club. Published in 1962.) has details in 5 pages of Saxifraga.

saxifragaflotburseriana

Saxifraga burseriana

Scleranthus biflorus (Australian astroturf, knawel)

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Supplier in New Zealand - The Native Plant Centre Ltd specialises in growing and selling New Zealand native plants, to the trade and the public.

Full Sun

If not planted in the sun, Scleranthus biflorus will become very open and lose its tight habit.

White

Jun-Aug

6 (15)

Requires good drainage.

P

Scleranthus biflorus - Native, cool season, perennial, usually cushion-forming herb to 15 cm tall. Leaves are crowded, short, narrow and bright green. Flowerheads are a pedunculate pair of small subsessile flowers; Sepals 4, are yellowish cream to pale green. Petals are absent. Flowering is from spring tomid-summer. Grows in grasslands and grassy woodlands of tableland montane to alpine areas.

A tight cushion forming slow growing plant, shaping over and into undulations, rocks and crevices, with lime green foliage and minute white flowers in summer. An Australian native ground cover plant grown for the visual attractive effect. Children love to touch this plant if in reach. Suited to troughs, screes, rock gardens and even in a fernery. Drought tolerant and frost hardy.

Useful for border edges, paths, between rocks with succulents and thyme.

scleranthuscfolbifloruswikimediacommons

Scleranthus biflorus By N140726046, Photo taken by Harry Rose from Dungog, Australia via Wikimedia Commons.

Sedum spathulifolium (Broadleaf stonecrop)

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spathulifolium refers to the spade-shaped leaves

Full Sun, tolerates
Light Shade

Yellow

June, August

4 (1)

Moist, well-drained, sand, chalk or loam.

Keep moist in first year.

P E

Divide August, plant direct. Starve it or be avalanched.

Ornamental mat-forming groundcover in a rock garden.

There are many pages about other Sedums and their different propagation in The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950.

Gardening with Alpines (by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club. Published in 1962.) has details of 6 Sedum.

There are other sedum used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

sedumcflosmospathulifoliumcapeblancowoodcottagenursery
Photo of Sedum spathulifolium 'Cape Blanco' from Wood Cottage Nursery

Selliera radicans (bonking grass)

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radicans refers to creeping and rooting

Does best in a permanently damp site in full sun. Selliera makes an excellent "no-mow" lawn.

Blue, White

Aug-Apr in New Zealand

8 (20)

in sand swales, on cliff tops and on talus slopes below these, in coastal turf, in the marginal turf of lake and ponds, in salt pans

P H

Divide April. Plant direct or pot normal soil. Also soft cuttings August or September, normal frame. Not fully hardy in North UK, winter some in a frame each year to keep a stock.

S. radicans (Hypsella longiflora), 1 inch (2.5 cms) high. Charming carpeting plant, forming a spreading green mat, with small white flowers, July-August. --->

Likes moist soil. Good for paving. Sun or shade.

Useful border for a cottage garden. Lawn alternative. Plant on the margins of water features. Useful ground cover for pot plants where it can cascade over and soften pot edges.

Sempervivum (Houseleeks)

Supplier in UK - Mendle Nursery specialise in Sempervivum, Jovibarba and Saxifrages.
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There are many pages about Sempervivum and their different propagation in The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950.

There are other sempervivum used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

A genus of succulents, valuable for hot, dry places, to grow in tight crevices, and bare places where little else will grow. Good for dry walls. Propagated by division, or detaching offset rosettes May-August.

Gardening with Alpines (by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club. Published in 1962.) has details of 7 Sempervivum.

sempervivumcfolrubinwoodcottagenursery
Photo of Sempervivum 'Rubin' from Wood Cottage Nursery

Silene acaulis (Moss Campion is member of Wildflower Pink Family)
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Full Sun

Pink

May-Jul

0-1 (1-3)

Best in a gritty, well-drained sandy soil that is evenly moist.

P E

Divide July, small offsets, pot gritty limy soil, ready 6 to 8 weeks. Ample water required in growing season (June-September). Cuttings June-July. Seed March or April.

Mat-forming perennial for the rock garden, alpine trough or gravel scree.

There are other silene used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

Easily grown in well-drained, humus-rich soil and full sun.
S. acaulis, Moss Campion, is best in its vars: 2 inches (5 cms) high for both exscapa, pale pink flowers, June, July; and pedunculata, pink flowers, June-July.

Thymus serpyllum and varieties (Breckland Wild Thyme is a member of Mint section of Wildflower Thyme Family)

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Purple
Full Sun

Jun-Jul

1 (2.5)

average

 

Mat-forming, carpeting evergreen, with purple flowers, June-July. These thymes are unequalled for carpeting, the alpine meadow, for walls and paving and other stonework in the garden.

 

Divide August or September. Cuttings May or June if stocks arte low. Can be planted direct.

Varieties:-
albus, 'Annie Hall', coccineus, lanuginosus, minus 'Russetings',
'Pink Chintz', splendens

See Alpine - The Alpine Meadow with Autumn Flowering Bulbs Page 1 for further details

The genus is one of small aromatic shrubs or sub-shrubs, chiefly, easily grown in light, well-drained soils, and full sun. The shrubby kinds may be propagated by cuttings, July-August; the carpeting perennials by division, March, or autumn.
T. serpyllum, 1 inch (2.5 cms) high. Mat-forming, carpeting evergreen, with purple flowers, June-July. Unequalled for carpeting, the alpine meadow, for walls and paving and other stonework in the garden.

Pepperpot Nursery use traditional growing methods; all of our over 250 herbs are grown without the use of any artificial heat or light in order to replicate the conditions they will find in their new home with you and to ensure successful growing on.

thymuscfor1serpyllumcoccineuswikimediacommons

Creeping red thyme, Thymus serpyllum coccineus. By Herby via Wikimedia Commons.

Veronica pectinata rosea

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Full Sun

Pink

Jul-Sep

8 (20)

Sand, Chalk

P E

Divide March, plant direct cutting May-July, ready for planting September or spring.

Use as groundcover.

There are other veronica used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

Cats eat photos of this plant.

Veronica prostrata (Prostrate speedwell, Creeping Speedwell) and varieties

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Full Sun

Bright Blue

May-Jun

6 (15)

Well-drained, dry, Sand

P

There are other veronica used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

V. prostrata (V. rupestris), 6 inches (15 cms) high. Perennial herb with mat-forming stems, narrow, toothed green leaves, and deep blue flowers in short dense racemes, May-June.
'Mrs. Holt', pink flowers,
'Loddon Blue', pale blue,
'Spode Blue', china-blue, and
alba, white, are good forms. All make lovely plants for rocks, walls, steps and banks. Well-drained good soil. Sun. Propagated by cuttings taken in summer.

veroniccflosprostratawoodcottagenursery
Photo of Veronica prostrata from Wood Cottage Nursery

Manual of Woody Landscape Plants - Their identification, Ornamental Characteristics, Culture, Propagation and Uses by Michael A. Dir. Published 1975 with third revision in 1998. ISBN 0-87563-795-7 contains botanical and other details to fully describe Woody Landscape Plants.
Conifers for your garden by Adrian Bloom provides details for dwarf conifers for a very small garden and larger conifers for parks in the UK. ISBN 0 903001 01 2. Published in 1972, reprint no 6 1987.

On terraces and courtyards, open paved spaces can be effectively planted with specimen dwarf conifers, such as the upright

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana 'Ellwoodii',

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Full Sun,
Part Shade

No flowers

60 (150)

Moist to wet, well-drained, neutral to slightly acidic soil

Co

A true miniature with feathery grey foliage, maximum height 60 inches (150 cms), tall in proportion to its height.

Whole plant is poisonous.

There are 3 pages about Chamaecyparis and their different propagation in The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950.

This plant has a cypress-like, densely conical form with erect feathery branches of ovate blue-gray juvenile leaves. Oblong male cones emerge bluish black, opening brick red. Female cones are wrinkled and reddish brown, to one half-inch.

Taxus baccata fastigiata (Irish Yew)

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Full Sun

None or insignificant

100 (250)

Prefers a moist, well-drained, sandy loam. Chalk

Co

It is fastigiate with all branches rigidly upright.
Its conical shape makes it ideal for use as a specimen plant, or to add height and winter structure to a mixed border. It can also be used to create an attractive hedge.

Propagation - is best from seed, which should be kept in sand for a year before sowing. Cuttings of small shoots in July or August and placed under a bell-glass or close frame.

Useful in gardens and parks, in shade, for undergrowth, hedges, screens and foundation plantings.
Poisonous to animals.

Thuja occidentalis 'Rheingold' (White Cedar)

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American Conifer Society

Full Sun,
Part Shade

None or insignificant

40-60 (100-150)

Moist, well-drained, chalk, sand, loam

Co

Increase by cuttings with or without heel in June, July and August. As on the whole these are the most rapidly growing of the small Conifers, large cuttings may be taken, about 3 or 4 inches (7.5 or 10 cms) long. Treat with rooting compound and insert in the peat and shade frame.

A slow-growing, ovoid or conical shrub; 48-60 inches (120-150 cms) by 36 to 48 inches (90-120 cms) wide; the foliage primarily adult and rich deep gold; turns copper to brownish yellow in winter.

Use in rock gardens.

and where there is room for it,

Picea glauca albertiana 'Conica' (White Spruce Conifers)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

in very small spaces, the very dwarf kinds such as

Full Sun

---

80 (200)

Moist, well-drained, acidic sand

Co

Dwarf Alberta spruce grow into a neat, formal cone and make the perfect miniature Christmas tree. Their rich-green densely packed growth hold its shape well without pruning. They lend themselves well to containers and are perfect to mark the beginning of paths or anchor corners in the garden. 'Alberta's are a favorite with rock garden and bonsai enthusiasts.

This lovely dwarf conifer has deep-green, closely packed needles that form a dense pyramid shaped tree. This small, evergreen tree makes a great foil for other plants, adding texture and form to your garden and will grow in most conditions, excluding dry soils.

Popular use as tiny Christmas tree.

in very small spaces, the very dwarf kinds such as

Juniperus communis 'Compressa'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun,
Part Shade

No flowers

20-40 (50-100)

Moist, well-drained

Co

Erect, closely packed, elliptical cone-shaped pillar of fine blue-grey foliage, taking very many years to reach 24 inches (60 cms), a height not often exceeded. Poisonous Plant.

There are many pages about Juniperus and their different propagation in The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950.

First choice for trough gardens, and all small rock gardens.

It doesn't scorch in hot, dry sunny situations and will grow in difficult situations that few other conifers would endure, such as shallow alpine troughs where it stays smaller than normal due to root restrictions. It can be teamed with prostrate conifers such as Juniperus squamata 'Blue Star', drought tolerant grasses such as Festuca glauca 'Elijah Blue' and rock plants to make a brilliant garden feature.

and,

Chamaecyparis thyoides ericoides should be used.

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

No flowers

60 (150)

Plant in moist but well-drained soil. Can tolerate chalk soils, but prefers slightly acidic sandy soil.

Co

There are 3 pages about Chamaecyparis and their different propagation in The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950.

'Ericoides' is a small, compact, evergreen, coniferous shrub with a conical habit. Its foliage is soft and blue-green becoming purplish in winter.

 

The prostrate forms such as

Juniperus communis 'Hornibrookii'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun,
Part Shade

No flowers

20 (50)

Plant in any well-drained sandy or chalky soil. Can tolerate hot sunny sites.

Co

'Hornibrookii' is a vigorous, evergreen, coniferous shrub with a prostrate habit. Its needle-like and prickly foliage is grey-green with silvery-blue undersides.

 

 

Juniperus sabina 'Tamariscifolia'
(Tam Juniper)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA with Hands on Talks & Tours with Evergreen’s Garden Experts, lists of plants for sale including Drought Tolerant Plants

Full Sun,
Part Shade

None or insignificant

4-20 (10-50)

Well-drained Sand with little to moderate water.

It is one of the best adapted junipers for growing in alkaline soils and performs well in seashore plantings.

Co

This is a low, spreading, evergreen conifer with layered, horizontal branches and crowded branchlets which form a mounded growth habit. Sharp-tipped, scale-like bluish-green leaves spread outwards with awl-shaped needles on older branches.

Use as groundcover.

It’s tolerance of city pollution makes it one of the best evergreens for hot, poor, dry soils in city conditions. Although it’s susceptible to leaf blight, its slow growth rate and wide range of soil tolerance make it a low maintenance choice.

 

and

Picea mariana 'Nana' (Black Spruce) are most useful for out-of-the-way corners.

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

No flowers

19-24 (47.5-60)

Easily grown in acidic, moist but well-drained soils in full sun. Tolerates some light shade.

Co

An ideal subject for the trough where its miniscule size will not impose on any other plant. Evergreen foliage is grey-blue in colour and very much needle-like with whitish undersides, held on stout branches making a tight rounded bun.

Prefers rich soils, but tolerates average to poor ones. Soils should be kept consistently moist and not allowed to dry out in the early years. Once the roots are well established, plants generally require less moisture.

Specimen or accent for rock gardens, foundations, shrub borders. Small area groundcover. Edging.

The dwarfer forms of low-growing Heaths

(Erica carnea and varieties

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

 

 

 

 

 

Though the usual method of increase is by layers, made very simply by placing stones on trailing branches in June, and tearing them off, rooted in spring or autumn, small stuff from cuttings makes the better plants, particularly for the rock garden.
Soft cuttings about 0.75 inches (18 mm) long taken in May and June, inserted in the peat and shade frame, potted peaty soil, and stopped twice, make good stocky bushes to plant in about 15 months. They should spend the summer before planting in a peat plunge bed.
The following species and all varieties of each can be increased in this way: E. carnea (non-lime-hating), E. ciliaris, E. cinerea, x E. darleyensis (non-lime-hating), E. tetralix, E. tetralix alba, E. vagans, E. vagans alba.

There are Erica carneas in Shrub Heather Gallery
and in
Heather Erica carnea Gallery

 

can be introduced, well clear of the main lines of traffic, together with dwarf

Genistas (Genista lydia).

Supplier in UK
Supplier in Germany
Broom Plant Information in 17 states of USA

 

 

 

 

 

Genistas are all good alpine shrubs for a sunny position, once established they are easy, but they are slow rooting from cuttings, and seed is rarely plentiful.

Genista delpinensis. Soft cuttings without heel, treated with hormone powder and inserted normal cutting frame in April or May. Pot in peaty soil, ready to plant following spring. Needs a lime-free soil, with leaf-mould or peat in full sun.

There are other Genistas with their different propagation in The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950.

There are other genista used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

 

But all plants of taller or bushier stature than about 4 inches (10 cms) must be located well out of the way where they will not be brushed against or stumbled over.

The standard potting and seed-soil recipes from The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills are alongside:

Normal Alpine Soil, potting and planting
7 parts loam
4 parts peat or leafmould
3 parts sharp sand

Lime-Lover's Mixture
7 parts loam
2 parts peat
3 parts sand
2 parts mortar rubble

Peaty Mixture
7 parts peat
4 parts sand
3 parts loam

Leafy Mixture
3 parts loam
4 parts sand
7 parts leafmould

Gritty Mixture
2 parts standard alpine soil
1 part pounded slate
1 part limestone chippings

Normal Seed Soil
2 parts loam
1 part sifted peat or leafmould
1 part sharp sand

Peaty Seed Soil
2 parts sifted peat of leafmould
1 part loam
1 part sharp sand

Many of the species described do best in the soil mixtures used at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, they can either be used only for the particular plants for which they are recommended, or adopted in place of normal alpine soil and standard leaf-compost.

Kew No 1 seed mixture can be used for all alpine seeds other than known lime-haters, woodland species, and others requiring large quantities of humus in the early stages. It is composed of:

  • 6 parts sandy loam
  • 4 parts sifted leafmould, oak for choice
  • 2 parts sharp sand
  • 1 part crushed tufa
  • 1 part crushed flower pot

Plants raised on this mixture should be potted in Kew No. 1 potting soil:

  • 6 parts sandy loam
  • 2 parts leafmould
  • 1 part sharp sand
  • 1 part crushed pot

Kew No. 2 seed mixture is used where membership of the order Ericaceae, or the plant collector's notes, give indication of a lime-hating or woodland species:-

  • 4 parts loam (lime-free if possible)
  • 4 parts sifted leaf-mould
  • 1 part peat
  • 4 parts sharp sand
  • 2 parts crushed pot

Kew No. 2 potting soil, for seeds raised in the compost alongside, is composed of:-

  • 6 parts lime-free loam
  • 4 parts leafmould
  • 1 part peat
  • 1 part sharp sand
  • 1 part crushed pot

The crushed pot is a very valuable ingredient, as it adds the power of retaining moisture to its mechanical properties as a grit, it is smashed or ground by a machine, about as fine as a good cutting sand, that is particles from the size of a radish seed down to dust. It can also be bought from flower-pot makers, they usually sell it to firms who lay down hard tennis courts. It should not be confused with normal hard tennis court dressing which is smashed bricks, mainly under-baked, and without the necessary angular shape.

Ivydene Gardens Infill2 Plants Index Gallery:
Alpine - Alpines and Paving

 

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950 by Faber and Faber Limited describes every method of propagation for 2,500 species.

Unlike modern books published since 1980, this one states exactly what to do and is precisely what you require if you want to increase your alpines.


Site design and content copyright ©July 2016. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

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How to tell when Winter has arrived.

catsinradiator

Topic
Case Studies
Companion Planting
Garden Construction
Garden Design
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Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants
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Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
Bulb
Climber

 

Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12

All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index

All Foliage 212
All Spring Foliage 212

All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212
Rock Plant Flowers 53

 

Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
...
Infill2 Plants *
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

 

Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods

Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable

Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

 

Cultivation Requirements of Plant

Outdoor / Garden Cultivation

1

Indoor / House Cultivation

 

Cool Greenhouse (and Alpine House) Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter

1

Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year

1

Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

1

 

Sun Aspect

Full Sun

1

Part Shade

1

Full Shade

1

 

Soil Type

Any Soil

1

Chalky Soil

1

Clay Soil

1

Lime-Free Soil

 

Peaty Soil

1

Sandy Soil

1

Acid Soil

1

Alkaline Soil

1

Badly-drained Soil

 

 

Soil Moisture

Dry

1

Moist

1

Wet

1

 

Position for Plant

Back of Shady Border

 

Back of Shrub Border

1

Bedding

1

Bog Garden

 

Coastal Conditions / Seaside

1

Container in Garden

1

Front of Border

1

Ground Cover 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

1

Ground Cover 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

1

Ground Cover Over 72 inches (180 cms)

 

Hanging Basket

 

Hedge

1

Hedge - Thorny

 

Pollution Barrier

 

Pond

 

Pot in House, Greenhouse, Conservatory or Stovehouse

1

Raised Bed

 

Rest of Border

1

Rock Garden

1

Scree Bed

1

Speciman on Lawn

 

Sunny Border

1

Tree for Lawn

 

Tree for Small Garden

1

Wildflower

1

Windbreak

 

Woodland

1

 

Use of Plant

Pollen or nectar for Bees

1

Hosts to Butterflies

1

Encouraging birds / wildlife, providing food and shelter

1

Bee-Pollinated plants for Hay Fever Sufferers

1

Berries / Fruit

 

Dry Site in Full Sun

1

Dry Shade

 

Filtering noise

 

Flower Arrange-ments

 

Fragrant Flower

1

Language of Flowers

 

Low maintenance

1

Moist Shade

 

Moist and swampy Sites

 

Nitrogen fixing plants

 

Not Fragrant Flower

1

Rabbit-Resistant

 

Speciman Plant

1

Thornless

 

Tolerant of Poor Soil

1

 

Plant Foliage

Aromatic Foliage

 

Autumn Foliage

 

Finely Cut Leaves

1

Large Leaves

 

Yellow Variegated Foliage

1

White Variegated Foliage

1

Red / Purple Variegated Foliage

 

Silver, Grey and Glaucous Foliage

1

Sword-shaped Leaves

 

 

 

Flower Shape

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less
 

1

1 Petal

 

2 Petals

 

3 Petals
 

1

4 Petals
 

1

5 Petals
 

1

Above 5
 

1

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars
 

1

Bowls
 

 

Cups and Saucers
 

1

Globes
 

 

Goblets and Chalices
 

 

Trumpets
 

1

Funnels
 

1

Bells
 

1

Thimbles
 

 

Urns
 

 

Salverform

 

 

Flower Shape - Elaborated

Tubes, Lips and Straps
 

 

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets
 

 

Hats, Hoods and Helmets
 

 

Standards, Wings and Keels
 

 

Discs and Florets
 

 

Pin-Cushions
 

 

Tufts
 

 

Cushion
 

 

Umbel
 

1

Buttons
 

 

Pompoms
 

 

 

Natural Arrangements

Bunches, Posies, Sprays
 

1

Columns, Spikes and Spires
 

 

Whorls, Tiers and Candelabra
 

1

Plumes and Tails
 

 

Chains and Tassels
 

1

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades
 

 

Spheres, Domes and Plates
 

 

 

Shrub, Tree Shape

Columnar
 

1

Oval
 

1

Rounded or Spherical
 

 

Flattened Spherical
 

1

Narrow Conical / Narrow Pyramidal
 

1

Broad Conical / Broad Pyramidal
 

1

Ovoid /
Egg-Shaped
 

 

Broad Ovoid
 

 

Narrow Vase-shaped / Inverted Ovoid
 

 

Fan-Shaped /Vase-Shaped
 

 

Broad Fan-Shaped / Broad Vase-Shaped
 

 

Narrow Weeping
 

 

Broad Weeping
 

 

Palm

 

 

Conifer Cone

1

 

Form

Arching

1

Climbing

 

Clump-Forming

1

Mat-Forming

 

Mound-Forming

1

Prostrate

1

Spreading

1

Stemless

 

Upright

1

 

Poisonous Plant

1

 

 

It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot91a

Closed Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot92a

Opening Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot93a

Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot94a

Older Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot95a

Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot96a

Mature Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot97a

Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot98a

Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!

 

This also applies to the Foliage Colour of Heathers, where sometimes it is only the top few leaves which are not green whereas others with coloured foliage have it coloured along the full length of the foliage stem.
A minor point to remember is that the distant view of a heather will show

  • months of a foliage colour followed by
  • months of flower bud,
  • flowers and then
  • seedheads.

So do not be disappointed that the foliage colour may be hidden for many months of the year by buds, flowers or seedheads.

It still makes a fine foliage plant in floral displays.
 

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves.

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
.

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves.

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves.

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers.

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit.

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers.

Night-scented Flowering Plants.

Scented Aquatic Plants.

Plants with Scented Fruits.

Plants with Scented Roots.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.

Scented Cacti and Succulents.

Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell.
 

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