Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill2 Plants Index Gallery:
Alpine - Alpines and Paving - Page 1

Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill2 Plants Index Gallery:
Alpine - Alpines and Paving Page 1

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier for you to contact to buy this plant

Flower Colour

Sun Aspect of Full Sun,
Part Shade, Full Shade

with link to external website for photo/data

Flowering Months

with row in each month that it flowers in that colour in
STAGE 4A
12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
/

with link to
USA or
Canada
mail-order supplier

Height with Spacings or Width (W) in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour


with row in relevant pages that it has foliage of that colour in
STAGE 4B
12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

or
Background Colour nearest to middle-aged leaf colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Soil Moisture:-
Dry,
Moist,
Wet

with link to Australia or New Zealand mail-order supplier

 

with data for rows in
STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY and
STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Pages

Plant Type is:-

A for Aquatic
Ann for Annual / Biennial
Ba for Bamboo
Bu for Bulb
Cl for Climber
Co for Conifer
F for Fern
G for Grass
H for Herb
P for Perennial
Rh for Rhodo-dendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro for Rose
Sh for Shrub
So for Soft Fruit
To for Top Fruit
Tr for Tree
V for Vegetable
W for Wildflower

followed by:-
E for Evergreen,
D for Deciduous,
H for Herbaceous,
Alpine for being an Alpine as well as being 1 of above Plant Type /

 
Acid for Acidic,
Alk for Alkaline,
Any for AnySoil
 

with links to
STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2, 3
and
STAGE 3
ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2
pages
 

Comments

A plant of first-class merit, suggested as 'First Choices'

Adjacent Planting

Plant Associations

It is sad to reflect that in England so few gardens open to the public label their plants or label them so that the label is visible when that plant is in flower, so that visitors can identify; and then later locate and purchase that plant.

Few mail-order nurseries provide the detail as shown in my rose or heather galleries.

If you want to sell a product, it is best to display it. When I sold my Transit van, I removed its signage, cleaned it and took photos of the inside and outside before putting them onto an advert in Autotrader amongst more than 2000 other Transit vans - it was sold in 20 minutes.

If mail-order nurseries could put photos to the same complexity from start of the year to its end with the different foliage colours and stages of flowering on Wikimedia Commons, then the world could view the plant before buying it, and idiots like me would have valid material to work with.

I have been in the trade (until ill health forced my Sole Trader retirement in 2013) working in designing, constructing and maintaining private gardens for decades and since 2005 when this site was started, I have asked any nursery in the world to supply photos. R.V. Roger in Yorkshire allowed me to use his photos from his website in 2007 and when I got a camera to spend 5 days in July 2014 at my expense taking photos of his roses growing in his nursery field, whilst his staff was propagating them. I gave him a copy of those photos.

 

Botanical Plant Name

Exposure

Flower Colour and
Flowering Months

Height in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Soil Preference

 

 

 

 

 

Plants suitable for Paving

Acaena microphylla (Scarlet Bidi-bidi, Bronze New Zealand Burr)

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Acaena buchananii

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Supplier in New Zealand

Acaena inermis

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Supplier in USA

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Greenish flowers that mature into copper-red burrs during the summer months

August

2-4 (5-10)

Dry, Well-drained, Chalk, Sand or Loam. Perform best in sandy soils.

P H

Acaena microphylla - New Zealand Burrs are easy-to-grow alpine plants. This species forms a bronzy mat of lacy foliage, bearing interesting greenish flowers that mature into copper-red burrs during the summer months. A good choice for between flagstones, as an edging or lawn substitute. Although nice in the rock garden, plants can grow beyond where they are wanted, so keep a firm upper hand. Evergreen in mild winter regions. May be clipped back in early spring. Easily divided in early fall or spring. Excellent cover for small spring-flowering bulbs of all kinds.

 

It is here that we can plant the Acaenas, too invasive to place elsewhere in the rock garden;
Acaena microphylla with bronzy leaves and red flowers in summer;

Acaena buchananii, grey-green leaves, and

Acaena inermis, similar to Acaena microphylla,

and all making mats of compact growth, 2 inches (5 cms) high.

 

Acaena are increased very easily from division in September or spring, planted direct any soil, a very poor one is best, and a position in full sun. All are rampant carpeters, grown for foliage only, though the seed heads are attractive. Crazy paving, bulb cover, strangling weeds.

The following is a general guide for growing Acaena genus members from seed, and although not specific to Acaena microphylla should provide good results: Sow seeds either after the last frost or in the autumn at a depth of 5 mm (0.2 inches). Germination takes 4-12 weeks at a temperature of 10-15°C (50-60°F).

Invasive, mat-forming and creeping evergreen herbs, chiefly useful in paving. Flowers in close heads with burr-like coloured calyx spines. The following species come from New Zealand, like sun but also tolerate shade. Propagate by division in early Autumn.

A. buchanii. 1 inch (2.5 cms) high. Dense, whitish-grey foliage, yellowish burrs on flower-heads, summer.

A. microphylla. 1-2 inches (2.5-5 cms) high. Bronzy evergreen foliage, spiny crimson burrs, July-September.

A. novae-zealandiae. PLEASE DO NOT BUY, PLANT OR COLLECT THIS SEED ON YOUR CLOTHING SINCE THE SEED WILL CLOG THE FEATHERS OF GROUND-NESTING BIRDS AND THEN THEY WILL STARVE. 2 inches (5 cms) high. Similar to above, less showy, with purplish barbed spiny burrs.

acaenacformicrophyllawikimediacommons1

Acaena microphylla - Photo taken on 5 August 2010. By Laxskinn via Wikimedia Commons.

acaenacfolbuchananiiwikimediacommons1

Acaena buchananii leaves and fruit - Photo taken on 9 September 2006. By Sten Porse via Wikimedia Commons.

acaenacfolinermiswikimediacommons

Latina: Acaena inermis. By Ghislain118 (AD) via Wikimedia Commons.

Achillea argentea (Sweet Nancy)

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Full Sun

White

Jun-Aug

10 (25)

Well-drained but frequently watered, Soil that is Sand, Chalk or loam

P E

The Achilleas are an easy race for full sun and starvation. Increase by soft cuttings between June and September, ready for planting or sale in about 2 months. Also division March or April, or September, direct planting in spring, potting autumn.

Achilleas are mat-forming, easily grown, silvery-grey evergreen perennials, needing full sun and good drainage.

There are other achillea used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

 

Antennaria dioica (Stoloniferous pusstoes, Mountain Everlasting is a member of the Wildlife Daisy: Cudweed Family)

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Full Sun

Pale pink ray florets and darker pink disc florets

Apr-Jun

4-8 (10-20)

Its lowland habitats include chalk and limestone grassland, heathland, coastal cliff-tops, sand dunes and machair. In upland areas, habitats include rock ledges, crags, streamsides, screes, well-drained acidic grasslands, heathy pastures and dwarf-shrub heaths.

P H

A. dioica minima. Divide March or August, plant direct any soil. This is the smallest and best of a race of tough carpeter, from Northern Europe and North America.
A. dioica and A. dioica rosea, propagate as above.

Antennaria dioica has soft, gray foliage is arguably the best ornamental feature of this spreading ground cover. Grows well between paving stones. It is useful as a small area ground cover in rock gardens, border fronts, foundations or other lean, rocky areas in the landscape. Effective atop stone walls.

A. dioica, 2 inches (5 cms) high. Grey-leaved carpeter, ordinary soils, chiefly valued for alpine meadow or in paving; greenish flowers, June;
var. rosea is a better rose-pink flowering form;
minima, an exquisite dwarf of 1 inch (2.5 cms), making a dense carpet.
Propagated easily by division in August.

antennariacfordioicawikimediacommons

Antennaria diocia in its natural habitat (East-Pyrenees) with Aster alpinus. By Sten Porse via Wikimedia Commons.

Arenaria purpurascens (Pink Sandwort)

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Supplier from Belgium
Supplier of seeds worldwide

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Pale Purple

May-Jun

2 (5)

average

P

A large genus containing some dwarf carpeting plants worth noting.

A mat of dark green tufted foliage, pale purple starry flowers, May-June.

Division in September, direct planting in normal soil, or potting, to be ready for sale by spring. Also small soft cuttings, normal cutting frame in June, making plants by spring, or seed sown in March, normal soil.

There are other arenaria used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

A large genus containing some dwarf carpeting plants worth noting.

A. balearica, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high. Creeping plant with tiny, shiny leaves, dotted with small white flowers, March-June. Useful for cover in shade, but not near choice plants it may smother. Propagated by division, April.
A. montana, 4 inches (10 cms) high. Deep green foliaged creeper, studded with starry white flowers, June-August.
A. purpurascens, 4 inches (10 cms) high. A mat of dark green tufted foliage, pale purple starry flowers, May-June.

arenariacforpurpurascenswikimediacommons

Arenaria purpurascens, La Pierre Saint-Martin, France. By N140726046, Photo taken by Cptcv * http://www.hysope.net via Wikimedia Commons.

Armeria caespitosa

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Supplier in Australia - Australia’s largest online and mail order garden supplier, Garden Express leads the way in helping our customers create beautiful gardens. 

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Light Pink

Mar-May

2 (5)

Brilliant as a mixer in any container, for the garden or patio, or placed in a rockery, walls or paving. Prefers well-drained soil.

P

Small cuttings, July and August, with about 0.25 inch (6 mm) of old brown barked wood at the base. Normal frame, or a pan of alpine soil with 0.25 inch of sand, on top. Pot gritty limy soil, ready to plant following April. Seed sown July or March gritty soil, but very rarely true, it crosses with other Thrifts. The faster-growing larger alpine Armerias are increased by cuttings with old wood at the base, potted normal soil if about 3 inches (7.5 cms) long, or inserted normal sand frame in July or August, ready to plant September or spring. Also division in March planted direct or potted.

A genus mainly of alpine tufted perennials, welcoming sun and well-drained lightish soil. Propagated by division, pulling into large pieces and planting them as cuttings in summer.

A. caespitosa, 2 inches (5 cms) high. Densely tufted, pale lilac flowers, May-June,
var. 'Roger Bevan', has deeper coloured rose-red flowers. Scree, paving.

 

There are other armeria used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

armeriacforcaespitosawikimediacommons

Armeria caespitosa

Place:Osaka Prefectural Flower Garden,Osaka,Japan. By N140726046, Photo taken by KENPEI via Wikimedia Commons.

Asperula pontica (Woodruff)

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Full Sun

Pink
Jun-Jul

3-4 (7.5-10)

Mine is on a well-drained raised acid scree garden facing south with little shade.

 

Provides some of the most pleasing easily grown alpines, forwell-drained soil and sun. Popagated by division in April.
A. hirta, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high. Mat-forming, deep green leaves in whorls, white to pink flowers, July-September.

A. nitida, 4 inches (10 cms) high. Cushiony and neat, with funnel-shaped pink flowers, July-August.
A. suberosa, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high. Tufted, silvery hairy foliage, pink flowers on 2-inch (5-cm) spikes, June-July.

There are other asperula used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

Canadian website of the Ottawa Valley Rock Garden & Horticultural Society (OVRGHS).

Aubrieta in variety

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Supplier in USA
Supplier in UK - Wood Cottage Nursery

Full Sun

Apr-Jul

6 (15)

average

 

For alpine gardening, chiefly confined to hybrid forms of Aubretia deltoides. Excellent for spring colour, easily grown in well-drained soils, with lime, full sun. Too overwhelming for sink and small rock gardens. Elswhere should be kept within bounds by trimming after flowering. Propagated by cuttings, July; heeled cuttings or division, September-October. Some selected colours:-

aubrietacflosgraceawoodcottagenursery
Photo of Aubrieta 'Gracea' from Wood Cottage Nursery

aubrietiacfordeltoideawikimediacommons

Aubrieta deltoidea. By N140726046, Photo taken by Laure Baley1st uploaded as the22,329,571th file in Wikimedia Commons.

Bellium minutum (False Daisy, Miniature Mat Daisy)

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Part Shade

White and yellow

Jun-Jul

2 (5)

Gritty, sandy loam.

P

Divide August, plant direct, good carpeter.

This genus is useful in the rock garden, though soon form rather large patches. They thrive in half-shady positions in gritty soil, and are propagated by division in the autumn or spring, or by seeds sown outside in the spring.

 

Campanula arvatica

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Full Sun

Lavender-blue

Jul-Aug

3 (7.5)

Moist but well-drained soil

P

Divide in September or March, plant direct or pot and grow in frame. Soft cuttings in April or July, seed sown February. A slow-growing prostrate species, good for pan gardens.

Cracking form for crevice, tufa or trough.

A genus of many species, the alpine dwarfs being valuable for their summer flowers; tolerant of sun and partial shade, lime and acid soils, if well-drained. The species come true from seeds. The now numerous hybrids may be propagated by cuttings of young shoots in spring, as may the species.

C. arvatica, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high. Lavender-blue flowers, July-August; has a white form, alba. Needs full sun, light soil. May be propagated by division, September.

 

There are other campanula used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

campanulacforarvaticawikimediacommons

Campanula arvatica, Picos de Europa, Spain. By Johan N via Wikimedia Commons.

Campanula (Bellflower, dwarf hybrids

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Part Shade

 

 

well-drained, sandy loam

P

There are many pages about Campanulas and their different propagation in The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950.
In autumn 2005, I was granted full National Plant Collection® status on alpine campanulas by Plant Heritage (PH), previously called the National Council for the Conservation of Plants and Gardens (NCCPG). 

There are 2 pages describing Campanulas and their culture in Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club. Published in 1962.

Rock Garden Species - abietina, acutangula, allionii, alpina, arvatica, carpatica, excisa, garganica, muralis, planiflora, Portenschlagiana, pulla, pusilla, Raineri, rhomboidalis, rotundifolia, Stansfieldi, Tommasiniana, Waldsteiniana, Zoysii

Cotula squalida (Leptinella squalida, Brass Buttons)

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FullSun,
Part Shade

Yellow

Jun-Jul

2 (5)

Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils. Prefers acidic, organically rich loams. Intolerant of drought.

P H

These are powerful carpeters, like small ferns, which do not mind being trodden on, good bulb cover. Divide from September to March, plant direct.

Container plants may be spaced 9-12” apart when planted as a ground cover. Small area ground cover for sunny spots in the landscape.

C. squalida, 1-2 inches (2.5-5 cms) high. Mat-forming, rather rampant creeper, with fern-like foliage, most useful for paving. Any soil, sun or shade. Propagated by division, April.

cotulacforsqualidawikimediacommons

Cotula squalida - New Zealand brass buttons Asteraceae Oregon (Cultivated). By N140726046, Photo taken by David Eickhoff from Pearl City, Hawaii, USA via Wikimedia Commons.

Dianthus, dwarf varieties, 2-6 inches (5-15 cms) in height

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There are many pages about Dianthus and their different propagation in The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950.

How to Grow and Care for the Dianthus Flower in Containers from Balcony Container Gardening

Dianthus all like well-drained soil, usually limy, and sun.

Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club. Published in 1962. This has just over a page describing suitable dianthus for alpine gardening.

There are other dianthus used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

dianthuscfloslittlemaidenwoodcottagenursery
Photo of Dianthus 'Little Maiden' from Wood Cottage Nursery

Dryas octopetala (Mountain Avens is a member of the Wildflower Rose Family)

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Full Sun

White, yellow-centred

Jun-Jul

2 (5)

average

Sub-shrub

Trailing, mat-forming, sub-shrub, with deep green, oak-like leaves, white, yellow-centred, open flowers, June-July.
Variety
lanata (argentea) is downy-leaved;
minor about half-as-large. Propagated by heeled cuttings, June. Open position, any well-drained soil.

See Dryas octopetala for further details and photos

There are other dryas used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

dryascforoctopetalawikimediacommons

Nederlands: Deze foto toont de Dryas octopetala

'English: This photo shows Dryas octopetala

plant. By Teun Spaans - Own work, attribution required (Multi-license with GFDL and Creative Commons CC-BY 2.5) via Wikimedia Commons.

Erinus alpinus (Alpine Balsam, Fairy Foxglove is a member of the Wildflower Figwort Family)

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Part Shade

Fragrant, Purplish-pink

Mar-Aug

6 (15)

Superb when naturalised, especially in cracks in walls or rockeries.

P Semi-evergreen

The Erinus are a race of easy sun-loving species which can be grown as annuals, but are more perennial grown edgeways in crevices and on the wall garden, where they may be sown direct by scattering the seed where they are required. The hybrids come true from seed from any good seedsman, where several are grown there may be vaiation but these are equally charming. Sow January normal soil, prick out when large enough to handle into boxes, pot if desired, ready to plant April or May. Can be put out direct from boxes for crevice planting.

Erinus are tufted perennial alpines, with attractive green foliage, easily grown, and happy in hot, dry spots, thin soils, and on walls. Propagated best by cuttings, as the coloured forms are considered better than the species.
E. alpinus albus, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high. Sprays of white flowers, May-June.
E. a. 'Hahnle', 3 inches (7.5 cms) high, has deep carmine flowers, and
E. a. 'Mrs. Chas. Boyle', 6 inches (15 cms) high, brilliant rose-pink.

There are more details on these erinus used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

erinuscforalpinuswikimediacommons

Erinus alpinus, Jardin alpin, fr:Jardin des Plantes de Paris. By N140726046, Photo taken by Bouba at French Wikipedia via Wikimedia Commons.

Erodium chamae-dryoides roseum (Erodium x variabile 'Roseum')

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Full Sun

Deep Pink

Jun-Sep

4 (10)

Well-drained alkaline chalk, sand

P H

A genus yielding alpines well suited to sunny, well-drained positions, liking lime in the soil, and propagated by seed, or basal cuttings, June-July. Gardening with Alpines (by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club. Published in 1962.) has details of 5 Erodium.

E. chamaedryoides roseum, 1-3 inches (2.5-7.5 cms) high, tufted growth, small heart-shaped leaves, with rose-pink flowers, June-September. Should be given winter protection.

There are other erodium used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

Frankenia laevis (Sea-heath is a member of the Wildflower Sea-Heath Family)

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Supplier in France

Photos

Full Sun

Pink
Jun-Jul

2 (5)

average

 

Mat-forming with heather-like foliage, small pink flowers, July. Propagated by division, April.

Divide September or April. Carpeter. Plant direct, cuttings April to August.

F. laevis, 1 inch (2.5 cms) high. Mat-forming with heather-like foliage, small pink flowers, July. Propagated by division, April.

F. thymifolia, 2 inches (5 cms) high. Tufted, grey, hairy thyme-like foliage, rose-pink flowers, July. Propagated by division, April. Boundary Nursery sells plants by characteristics, for certain tasks, flowering time, light levels required, soil type, for wildlife, coastal areas or windowsill.

There is further details on this in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

frankeniacforlaeviswikimediacommons

Frankenia laevis , a photography originating of the internet site http://sophy.u-3mrs.fr/. By N140726046, Photo taken by H Brisse (upload by Abalg) via Wikimedia Commons.

Globularia laevis

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Full Sun

 

 

 

P E

Globularia are neat evergreen perennials for lightish, well-drained soils, sunny places, and scree. Propagated easily by division in late summer.

There are other globularia used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

Gardening with Alpines (by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club. Published in 1962.) has details of 3 other Globularia.

Hippocrepis comosa (Horseshoe vetch is a member of the Wildflower Peaflower Family)

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Full Sun

Yellow

May-Aug

10-20 (25-50)

Dry, sunny pastures on chalk and limestone, and on rock ledges on limestone cliffs

P

Heel cuttings, pre-flowering in May, normal frame but pot limy soil. Ready to plant September. Very easy from seed sown in January, but plants from cuttings flower best. A strong wall plant.

Plants host a wide range of insect life such as Bees, Butterflies and Caterpillars. Horseshoe Vetch is a very important plant for breeding butterflies, attracting a variety of species in the wild, such as the Adonis Blue, Chalkhill Blue, Silver-Studded Blue and Dingy Skipper, all of which will lay their eggs on the plant.

H.comosa, 'E. R. Janes', 3 inches (7.5 cms) high. A selected form of a native herbaceous plant, useful for carpeting with a mat of pinnate leaves, covered with lemon-yellow flowers, June-August. Full sun, any ordinary well-drained soil, does not mind lime. Propagated by division, autumn or by seed.

This page lists the larval foodplants used by British butterflies.

hippocrepiscforcomosawikimediacommons

Hippocrepis comosa. In Montsec de Rúbies (Noguera-Catalunya). To 1.370 m. altitude. By N140726046, Photo taken by Isidre blanc via Wikimedia Commons.

Hutchinsia (Hornungia alpina, Alpine Cress)

Supplier of Hutchinsia alpina in UK
Supplier of Hutchinsia alpina in USA

Full sunlight (cool areas) through to full shade (warm areas).

White

Apr-Jul

12 (30)

Good drainage. Soil pH 6.0 to 7.5. Moist soil. Provide a mulch to maintain soil moisture and to keep the soil cool. Regular watering during dry periods.

P

H. alpina. Divide March, April, plant direct or pot normal soil. Seed sown June makes plants by spring. Carpeter, paving and bulb cover.

H. alpina, 2 inches (5 cms) high. Tufted evergreen perennial, with feathery deep green leaves, covered with small white flowers in clusters, May to July. Sun or partial shade, any well-drained soil. Propagated by seed.

H. auerswaldii, 3-6 inches (7.5-15 cms) high, is very similar but somewhat larger, and needs similar culture.

hutchinsiacforalpinawikimediacommons

Hutchinsia alpina - Pritzelago alpina subsp. alpina', Traunstein, Upper Austria, Austria. By Tigerente via Wikimedia Commons.

Mentha requenii (Corsican Mint)

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Supplier in Australia

Part Shade

Mauve/Lilac

Jul-Aug

0-1 (0-2.5)

Perfect for planting between paving stones in a moist, part-shaded area.

P H

Divide March. Plant direct normal soil. Carpeter.
It is particularly effective as an aromatic filler growing around stepping stones where light foot traffic will release a pleasing mint/sage aroma.

Corsican Mint is a member of the Wildflower Thyme: Mints Family.
M. requienii, 1 inch (2.5 cms) high. Forms a carpet of very small, roundish green leaves, peppermint-scented, with whorls of tiny pale purple flowers, June-July. --->

Good for the alpine meadow or paving; sun, well-drained humus-rich soil. Propagated by division, March-April.
The Thyme Garden can have up to 60 or more varieties of Thyme in it, some we developed ourselves.

Oxalis magellanica (Snowdrop Wood-sorrel)

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Oxalis Care from Monica an enthusiast with her collection

Not a threatened plant in New Zealand.

Part Shade,
Full Shade

White

May-Jul

1 (2.5)

This shamrock is a dense rapid growing ground cover, ideal for covering large areas to create a mossy look, ideal for a Japanese style garden with rocks and water, with a dominant theme of green.
Easily grown in a sandy soil in a warm dry position.

 

Divide April, pot peaty soil, plant after 3 or 4 weeks in peaty soil and a shady place.

There are other oxalis used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery.

Species such as Oxalis corniculata, O. cernua, and O. rubra should be avoided as they can easily become pestiferous weeds. Propagated by division.
O. adenophylla,
O. enneaphylla,
O. lobata are also worthwile alpines.

O. magellanica, 1 inch (2.5 cms) high. Mat-forming, with bronzy-green shamrock-like leaves, bearing short-stemmed large white flowers, May-July. Makes a good plant for paving, walls and carpeting; spreading by stolons. Partial shade and peat or leaf-mould-enriched soil. Propagated by division, April.

Use as groundcover and for dried flowers.

oxaliscfolmagellanicawikimediacommons

Oxalis magellanica habitus. By N140726046, Photo taken by Denis Barthel via Wikimedia Commons.

Paronychia capitata (Algerian Tea)

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The aim of this website Analytical Flora of Israel is to provide scientific information concerning the plant life of Israel and its neighbors: their photographs, distribution and habitat data, morphological diagnostic characters etc.

Full Sun. It cannot grow in the shade.

White

Jul-Aug

1 (2-3)

Sharply drained sandy or gritty soil in dry rocky habitats.

P E

Divide April, plant direct, normal soil. Cuttings from July. Carpeter, insignificant flowers.

Propagate by seeds sown in spring. Grows in any light garden soil.

Requires a sunny position succeeding in hot dry soils and tolerating drought once established. Requires a warm open position in full sun, in a sharply drained sandy or gritty soil. If the soil is too rich the plants leaves will not be so silvery. Plants can be grown in a wall. This species is not hardy in the colder areas of the country, it tolerates temperatures down to between -5 and -10°c, perhaps more if in a perfectly drained soil.

Especially useful as a ground cover plant with bulbs, covering the soil after the bulbs have flowered. The plants form a low carpet, rooting as they spread, and they should be spaced about 30cm apart each way.

paronychiacforcapitatawikimediacommons

Paronychia capitata - Botanical specimen in the Palmengarten, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. By N140726046, Photo taken by Daderot via Wikimedia Commons.

Phlox subulata (Moss Phlox)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA with Garden Solutions.

Roger Brook - the no dig gardener (former lecturer in Horticulture) writes a blog about any current gardening whim and immediately sends it out into the ether

Full Sun

Blue, Pink, Purple, White

Apr-May

6 (15)

Tolerates well-drained, drought and sandy, gravelly, rocky, and low-fertility soils

P E

Phlox subulata and all hybrids, of which there are about 30. Soft cuttings June to September. Stop. Ready to plant spring, about February. Will root in the open from long cuttings, 3 or 4 inches (7.5 or 10 cms) of vigorously growing wood trodden in along a trench in a shady border. Esy wall plants, as colourful as Aubretia. Non-intensive.

Use this dense ground cover on steep, dry banks and cascade over walls and out of containers.

The alpine phloxes are as essential and glorious in the rock garden as the taller phloxes are in the herbaceous border. Prostrate in habit, their dense mats of small leaves are neat and attractive, while flowering covers May to June. All like sun, well-drained soil, and are propagated by cuttings May-July.

There are other phlox used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

phloxcflossubulatacandystripeswoodcottagenursery
Photo of Phlox subulata 'Candy Stripes' from Wood Cottage Nursery

Polygala calcarea (Chalk Milkwort is a member of the Wildflower Milkwort Family)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

calcarea means "growing in lime".

iNaturalist.org is a place where you can record what you see in nature, meet other nature lovers, and learn about the natural world.

Full Sun

Pale blue or deep blue

May-Jun

2 (5)

A perennial herb found in tightly-grazed chalk and limestone grassland, usually on warm South-facing slopes. It is a poor competitor which disappears if insufficient grazing allows coarser grasses to become dominant.

P E

Sow January or February normal soil, pot standard alpine soil with one part of crushed chalk to every 4 of the mixture, ready to plant the following spring. The plant is so great a lime-lover that the growing time is halved with chalk. Divide in April, soft cuttings July.

P. calcarea, 2 inches (5 cms) high. Is a native of chalk downs in southern england, a neat, mat-forming evergreen with deep blue terminal racemes of flowers, May-June. Well suited by limy, well-drained soil and sun. Propagated by seed.

There are other polygala used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

polygalacforcalcareawikimediacommons

Polygale du calcaire (Polygala calcarea) : Vercors nord - Villard de lans (38). By N140726046, Photo taken by Stéphane TASSON via Wikimedia Commons.

Saxifraga: Mossy

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

See The Saxifrage Society with its SaxBase - online database of saxifrages.

Part Shade

Apr-May

3-6 (15-30)

average, cool

 

Mossy. Saxifrages which make moss-like, evergreen cushions or mats, with flowers, produced freely above them on stems, usually in April-June. They like part shade, and a cool root run, in good well-drained soil. The dwarf forms are good for paving, walls, and by steps. Propagated by division in August.

There are other saxafraga used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Saxifraga
'Avoca Gem'
'Flower of Sulphur'
'Elf'
'James Bremner'
'Red Admiral'
sanguinea superba
'Sir Douglas Haig'
'Winston Churchill'

Saxifraga. Kabschias now Porphyrion

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

 

 

 

 

 

There are many pages about Saxifraga and their different propagation in The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950.

Gardening with Alpines (by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club. Published in 1962.) has details in 5 pages of Saxifraga.

saxifragaflotburseriana

Saxifraga burseriana

Scleranthus biflorus (Australian astroturf, knawel)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA
Supplier in Australia
Supplier in New Zealand - The Native Plant Centre Ltd specialises in growing and selling New Zealand native plants, to the trade and the public.

Full Sun

If not planted in the sun, Scleranthus biflorus will become very open and lose its tight habit.

White

Jun-Aug

6 (15)

Requires good drainage.

P

Scleranthus biflorus - Native, cool season, perennial, usually cushion-forming herb to 15 cm tall. Leaves are crowded, short, narrow and bright green. Flowerheads are a pedunculate pair of small subsessile flowers; Sepals 4, are yellowish cream to pale green. Petals are absent. Flowering is from spring tomid-summer. Grows in grasslands and grassy woodlands of tableland montane to alpine areas.

A tight cushion forming slow growing plant, shaping over and into undulations, rocks and crevices, with lime green foliage and minute white flowers in summer. An Australian native ground cover plant grown for the visual attractive effect. Children love to touch this plant if in reach. Suited to troughs, screes, rock gardens and even in a fernery. Drought tolerant and frost hardy.

Useful for border edges, paths, between rocks with succulents and thyme.

scleranthuscfolbifloruswikimediacommons

Scleranthus biflorus By N140726046, Photo taken by Harry Rose from Dungog, Australia via Wikimedia Commons.

Sedum spathulifolium (Broadleaf stonecrop)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

spathulifolium refers to the spade-shaped leaves

Full Sun, tolerates
Light Shade

Yellow

June, August

4 (1)

Moist, well-drained, sand, chalk or loam.

Keep moist in first year.

P E

Divide August, plant direct. Starve it or be avalanched.

Ornamental mat-forming groundcover in a rock garden.

There are many pages about other Sedums and their different propagation in The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950.

Gardening with Alpines (by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club. Published in 1962.) has details of 6 Sedum.

There are other sedum used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

sedumcflosmospathulifoliumcapeblancowoodcottagenursery
Photo of Sedum spathulifolium 'Cape Blanco' from Wood Cottage Nursery

Selliera radicans (bonking grass)

Supplier in Australia
Supplier in New Zealand
Supplier in UK

radicans refers to creeping and rooting

Does best in a permanently damp site in full sun. Selliera makes an excellent "no-mow" lawn.

Blue, White

Aug-Apr in New Zealand

8 (20)

in sand swales, on cliff tops and on talus slopes below these, in coastal turf, in the marginal turf of lake and ponds, in salt pans

P H

Divide April. Plant direct or pot normal soil. Also soft cuttings August or September, normal frame. Not fully hardy in North UK, winter some in a frame each year to keep a stock.

S. radicans (Hypsella longiflora), 1 inch (2.5 cms) high. Charming carpeting plant, forming a spreading green mat, with small white flowers, July-August. --->

Likes moist soil. Good for paving. Sun or shade.

Useful border for a cottage garden. Lawn alternative. Plant on the margins of water features. Useful ground cover for pot plants where it can cascade over and soften pot edges.

Sempervivum (Houseleeks)

Supplier in UK - Mendle Nursery specialise in Sempervivum, Jovibarba and Saxifrages.
Supplier in USA

 

 

 

 

 

There are many pages about Sempervivum and their different propagation in The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950.

There are other sempervivum used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

A genus of succulents, valuable for hot, dry places, to grow in tight crevices, and bare places where little else will grow. Good for dry walls. Propagated by division, or detaching offset rosettes May-August.

Gardening with Alpines (by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club. Published in 1962.) has details of 7 Sempervivum.

sempervivumcfolrubinwoodcottagenursery
Photo of Sempervivum 'Rubin' from Wood Cottage Nursery

Silene acaulis (Moss Campion is member of Wildflower Pink Family)
Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

Pink

May-Jul

0-1 (1-3)

Best in a gritty, well-drained sandy soil that is evenly moist.

P E

Divide July, small offsets, pot gritty limy soil, ready 6 to 8 weeks. Ample water required in growing season (June-September). Cuttings June-July. Seed March or April.

Mat-forming perennial for the rock garden, alpine trough or gravel scree.

There are other silene used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

Easily grown in well-drained, humus-rich soil and full sun.
S. acaulis, Moss Campion, is best in its vars: 2 inches (5 cms) high for both exscapa, pale pink flowers, June, July; and pedunculata, pink flowers, June-July.

Thymus serpyllum and varieties (Breckland Wild Thyme is a member of Mint section of Wildflower Thyme Family)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Purple
Full Sun

Jun-Jul

1 (2.5)

average

 

Mat-forming, carpeting evergreen, with purple flowers, June-July. These thymes are unequalled for carpeting, the alpine meadow, for walls and paving and other stonework in the garden.

 

Divide August or September. Cuttings May or June if stocks arte low. Can be planted direct.

Varieties:-
albus, 'Annie Hall', coccineus, lanuginosus, minus 'Russetings',
'Pink Chintz', splendens

See Alpine - The Alpine Meadow with Autumn Flowering Bulbs Page 1 for further details

The genus is one of small aromatic shrubs or sub-shrubs, chiefly, easily grown in light, well-drained soils, and full sun. The shrubby kinds may be propagated by cuttings, July-August; the carpeting perennials by division, March, or autumn.
T. serpyllum, 1 inch (2.5 cms) high. Mat-forming, carpeting evergreen, with purple flowers, June-July. Unequalled for carpeting, the alpine meadow, for walls and paving and other stonework in the garden.

Pepperpot Nursery use traditional growing methods; all of our over 250 herbs are grown without the use of any artificial heat or light in order to replicate the conditions they will find in their new home with you and to ensure successful growing on.

thymuscfor1serpyllumcoccineuswikimediacommons

Creeping red thyme, Thymus serpyllum coccineus. By Herby via Wikimedia Commons.

Veronica pectinata rosea

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA - Deer-resistant Landscape Nursery

Full Sun

Pink

Jul-Sep

8 (20)

Sand, Chalk

P E

Divide March, plant direct cutting May-July, ready for planting September or spring.

Use as groundcover.

There are other veronica used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

Cats eat photos of this plant.

Veronica prostrata (Prostrate speedwell, Creeping Speedwell) and varieties

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

Bright Blue

May-Jun

6 (15)

Well-drained, dry, Sand

P

There are other veronica used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

V. prostrata (V. rupestris), 6 inches (15 cms) high. Perennial herb with mat-forming stems, narrow, toothed green leaves, and deep blue flowers in short dense racemes, May-June.
'Mrs. Holt', pink flowers,
'Loddon Blue', pale blue,
'Spode Blue', china-blue, and
alba, white, are good forms. All make lovely plants for rocks, walls, steps and banks. Well-drained good soil. Sun. Propagated by cuttings taken in summer.

veroniccflosprostratawoodcottagenursery
Photo of Veronica prostrata from Wood Cottage Nursery

But all plants of taller or bushier stature than about 4 inches (10 cms) must be located well out of the way where they will not be brushed against or stumbled over.

The standard potting and seed-soil recipes from The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills are alongside:

Normal Alpine Soil, potting and planting
7 parts loam
4 parts peat or leafmould
3 parts sharp sand

Lime-Lover's Mixture
7 parts loam
2 parts peat
3 parts sand
2 parts mortar rubble

Peaty Mixture
7 parts peat
4 parts sand
3 parts loam

Leafy Mixture
3 parts loam
4 parts sand
7 parts leafmould

Gritty Mixture
2 parts standard alpine soil
1 part pounded slate
1 part limestone chippings

Normal Seed Soil
2 parts loam
1 part sifted peat or leafmould
1 part sharp sand

Peaty Seed Soil
2 parts sifted peat of leafmould
1 part loam
1 part sharp sand

Many of the species described do best in the soil mixtures used at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, they can either be used only for the particular plants for which they are recommended, or adopted in place of normal alpine soil and standard leaf-compost.

Kew No 1 seed mixture can be used for all alpine seeds other than known lime-haters, woodland species, and others requiring large quantities of humus in the early stages. It is composed of:

  • 6 parts sandy loam
  • 4 parts sifted leafmould, oak for choice
  • 2 parts sharp sand
  • 1 part crushed tufa
  • 1 part crushed flower pot

Plants raised on this mixture should be potted in Kew No. 1 potting soil:

  • 6 parts sandy loam
  • 2 parts leafmould
  • 1 part sharp sand
  • 1 part crushed pot

Kew No. 2 seed mixture is used where membership of the order Ericaceae, or the plant collector's notes, give indication of a lime-hating or woodland species:-

  • 4 parts loam (lime-free if possible)
  • 4 parts sifted leaf-mould
  • 1 part peat
  • 4 parts sharp sand
  • 2 parts crushed pot

Kew No. 2 potting soil, for seeds raised in the compost alongside, is composed of:-

  • 6 parts lime-free loam
  • 4 parts leafmould
  • 1 part peat
  • 1 part sharp sand
  • 1 part crushed pot

The crushed pot is a very valuable ingredient, as it adds the power of retaining moisture to its mechanical properties as a grit, it is smashed or ground by a machine, about as fine as a good cutting sand, that is particles from the size of a radish seed down to dust. It can also be bought from flower-pot makers, they usually sell it to firms who lay down hard tennis courts. It should not be confused with normal hard tennis court dressing which is smashed bricks, mainly under-baked, and without the necessary angular shape.

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 2
PAGES

Site Map

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY PAGES Links to pages in Table alongside on the left with Garden Design Topic Pages

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

Plant Type
 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 with its Cultivation Requirements

Alpines for Rock Garden (See Rock Garden Plant Flowers)

Alpine Shrubs and Conifers

The Alpine Meadow
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

The Alpine Border
1
, 2

Alpine Plants for a Purpose

The Alpines that Dislike Lime 1, 2

Alpines and Walls
Dry Sunny Walls 1a, b
Tops of Walls 2a, b
Dry Shady and Conifers 3a, b

Alpines and
Paving
1
, 2

Sink and Trough gardens
1
, 2

Aquatic
(Water Plants) for

Anti-erosion River-bank

Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants)
1
, 2

Oxy-genating Weeds

Water Lilies

Floating Plants

Water-side Plants
and Plants for Dry Margins next to a Pond
1
, 2

Wildlife Pond Plants

Annual for

----------------



 

 

ANY PLANT TYPE for
Cut Flowers in
January 1, 2
February
March 1, 2
April
May 1, 2
June 1, 2
July 1, 2
August
September
October
November
December

Exposed Sites

Sheltered Sites with Green-house Annuals from 1916

Extra Poor Soil with Half-Hardy Annuals from 1916

Very Rich Soil with Biennials from 1916

Gap-filling in Mixed Borders with Hardy Annuals from 1916

Patio Con-tainers

Cut Flowers
1
, 2, 3 Ever-lasting Flowers with Red Flowers from 1916

Attract-ing bene-ficial insects
1
, 2

Scent / Fra-grance with Annuals for Cool or Shady Places from 1916

Low-allergen Gardens for Hay Fever Sufferers

Annual Plant Pairing Ideas and Colour Schemes with Annuals
1
, 2

Low-Growing Annuals
1
, 2

Medium-Growing Annuals

Tall-Growing Annuals with White Flowers from 1916

Black or Brown Flowers

Blue to Purple Flowers

Green Flowers with Annuals and Biennials from 1916

Red to Pink Flowers and Cut Flowers
Page
1
, 2, 3

White Flowers
1
, 2

Yellow or Orange Flowers
1
, 2

Dec-orative Foliage

Moist Soil

Shade
1
, 2

House-plants with Yellow Flowers from 1916

Edging Beds

Hanging Baskets

Vining Annuals

 

Bedding for

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Autumn/ Winter Bedding

Bedding for Light Sandy Soil

Bedding for Acid Soil

Bedding for Chalky Soil

Bedding for Clay Soil

Black Flowers

Blue Flowers

Orange Flowers

Pink Flowers

Long Flowering

Coloured Leaves

Attract-ive to Wildlife including Bees, Butterflies and Moths

Purple Flowers

Red Flowers

White Flowers

Yellow Flowers

Multi-Coloured Flowers

Aromatic Foliage or Scented Flowers

Bedding Plant Use

Flowers with 2 Petals

Flowers with 3 Petals

Flowers with
4 Petals

Flowers with 5 Petals

Flowers with 6 Petals

Flowers with more than 6 Petals

Use in Hanging Baskets

Flower Simple Shape

Shape of
Stars

Shape of
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Shape of
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Shape of
Trumpets and Funnels

Shape of
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

Use in Pots and Troughs

Flower Elabo-rated Shape

Shape of
Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Shape of
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Shape of
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

 

Use in
Screen-ing

Use in
Window Boxes

Shape of
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

Shape of
Discs and Florets

Shape of
Pin-Cushions and Tufts

Shape of
Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

 

Use in Bedding Out

Use in
Filling In

Biennial for

Cottage and Other Gardens
1
, 2

Cut Flower with Biennials for Rock Work from 1916

Patio Con-tainers with Biennials for Pots in Green-house / Con-servatory

Bene-ficial to Wildlife with Purple and Blue Flowers from 1916

Scent with Biennials for Sunny Banks or Borders from 1916

 

 

Bulb for
--------------
Explan-ation Intro to Bulbs
--------------
725 Blue, White, Yellow, Unusual Colour, or Red-Purple-Pink flowering Bulbs in each month they flower.

Indoor Bulbs for
Dec-ember
January
February

Indoor Bulbs for
March
April
May

Indoor
Bulbs for
June
July
August

Indoor Bulbs for Sep-tember
October
November

Bulbs in Window-boxes
1
, 2

Bulbs in the Border

Bulbs natural-ised in Grass

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Dec-Jan
Feb-Mar

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Apr-May
Jun-Aug 1, 2, 3, 4

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Sep-Oct
Nov-Dec

Any Plant Type Blooming in Smallest of Gardens

Bulbs for the Bulb Frame

Bulbs in the Wood-land Garden

Bulbs in the Rock Garden

Bulbs in Green-house or Stove

Achi-menes, Alocasias, Amorpho-phalluses, Aris-aemas, Arums, Begonias, Bomar-eas, Calad-iums

Clivias,
Colo-casias, Crinums, Cyclam-ens, Cyrt-anthuses, Euchar-ises, Urceo-charis, Eurycles

Freesias, Gloxinias, Hae-manthus, Hipp-eastrums

Lachen-alias, Nerines, Lycorises, Pen-cratiums, Hymen-ocallises, Richardias, Sprekelias, Tuberoses, Vallotas, Watsonias, Zephy-ranthes

Bulbs in Bowls

Bulbs in the Alpine House

Hardy Bulbs

Aconitum, Allium, Alstroe-meria, Anemone 1, 1a

Amaryllis, Antheri-cum, Antholy-zas, Apios, Arisaema, Arum, Aspho-deline,

Aspho-delus, Belam-canda, Bloom-eria, Brodiae, Bulbo-codium

Calo-chorti, Cyclo-bothras, Camassia, Col-chicum, Con-vallaria,
Forcing Lily of the Valley, Corydalis, Crinum, Crosmia, Mon-tbretia , Crocus

Cyclamen, Dicentra, Dierama, Eranthis, Eremurus, Ery-thrnium, Eucomis

Fritillaria, Funkia, Gal-anthus, Galtonia, Gladiolus, Hemero-callis

Hya-cinth, Hya-cinths in Pots,
Scilla, Pusch-kinia, Chion-odoxa, Chiono-scilla, Muscari

Iris,
Kniphofia, Lapey-rousia, Leucojum

Lilium,

Lilium in Pots, Malvastrum, Merendera, Milla, Narcissus, Narcissi in Pots

Orni-thogalum, Oxalis, Paeonia, Ran-unculus, Romulea, Sanguin-aria,
Stern-bergia,
Schi-zostylis, Teco-philaea, Trillium

Tulip,
Zephy-ranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs

Acidan-thera, Albuca, Alstroe-meri, Andro-stephium, Bassers, Boussing-aultias, Bravoas, Cypellas, Dahlias, Galaxis,
Geis-sorhizas, Hesper-anthas

Gladioli, Ixias,
Sparaxises, Babianas, Morphixias, Tritonias

Ixio-lirions, Moraeas, Orni-thogal-ums, Oxalises, Phaedra-nassas,
Pan-cratiums, Tigridias, Zephyr-anthes, Cooper-ias

Bulbs for Bedding

Plant each Bedding Plant with a Ground, Edging or Dot Plant for
Spring
1
, 2
or
Summer
1
, 2

Climber 3 sector Vertical Plant System with

Any Plant Type flowers in
Jan,
Feb,
Mar,
Apr,
May 1, 2
Jun,
Jul,
Aug,
Sep,
Oct,
Nov,
Dec
 

----------
Choosing the right Plant

1a.
The Base -
Base of Wall Plants

1b.
Annuals

1c.
Herbs and Vege-tables

1d.
Cut
flowers, Cut Foliage

1e.
Scented flower or foliage

1f.
Foliage use only

 

2a. 1,2,3,4
The Prime - Wall Shrubs

2b.
Fruit trees

3a.
The Higher Reaches -
House-wall Ramblers

3b. 1,2
Non-House-Wall - Climbing Twiners

3c.
Non-House-Wall - Self-clinging Climbers

Raised
Bed
for Wheel-chair Users

Plants for Wildlife-Use as well

Fastest Covering

Least prot-ruding growth when fan-trained

1, 2
Evergreen

Use as
Hedge

Exposed Positions

Use as Ground-cover

1,2
Ornam-ental Fruit

Scented Flowers

1, 2
Autumn Foliage Colour

Winter Bark

Winter and Early Spring Flowers

Summer Colour or Shape of Foliage

Edible Fruit

Needs Conserv-atory or Green-house

Large
Pots and Con-tainers
1
, 2

Cut Flowers

Attractive to Bees

Climber - Simple Flower Shape

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1b1a
Stars

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1a1a1a1
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1a1a1a1a1
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord2a1a1a1
Trumpets and Funnels

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a
Salver-form

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14q1a1a1a1
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

 

Climber - Elabo-rated Flower Shape

prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a
Tubes, Lips and Straps

aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a1a1a
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14u1a1a1a1a
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14v1a1a1a1a
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a1a
Disks and Florets

androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1a1a
Pin-cushions, Tufts, Petal-less and Cushions

armeriaflomaritimakevock1a1a1a
Umbels, Buttons and Pompoms

 

STAGE 4A 12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Brown

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Cream

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
White

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1 Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Multi-Colou-red

1
Each Flower Diff-

1
erent Colour

 

STAGE 4B 12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
Deciduous Shrubs or Trees, Herbaceous Perennials or Bulbs- if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.
Evergreen Shrubs or Trees, Evergreen Perennials - if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.

Jan Win

Feb Win

Mar Spr

Apr Spr

May Spr

Jun Sum

Jul Sum

Aug Sum

Sep Aut

Oct Aut

Nov Aut

Dec Win

Decid
Herba

Ever-green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Black

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Bronze

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Grey

1
White

1
Silver

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Varie-gated

1

1

1

1

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


Site design and content copyright ©July 2016.
Top menus revised June 2018. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

Ivydene
Horticultural
Services

Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders - was first published in 1977 and this paperback edition was published on 1 August 1994 ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-
This comprehensive book looks at scented flowers and leaves of plants from all over the world. The work has been prepared to the standards of the Index Kewensis, and is filled with the most interesting facts about the scented flora of the world.

I am using the above book from someone who took 30 years to compile it from notes made of his detailed observations of growing plants in preference to
The RHS Companion to Scented Plants Hardcover – 16 Oct 2014 by Stephen Lacey (Author), Andrew Lawson (Photographer) ISBN 978-0-7112-3574-8 even though this is the only major reference work on scent and scented plants which is endorsed by the Royal Horticultural Society. See reasons for stopping infilling of previous Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page.

The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950 by Faber and Faber Limited describes every method of propagation for 2,500 species. Unlike modern books published since 1980, this one states exactly what to do and is precisely what you require if you want to increase your alpines.

Topic
Case Studies
Companion Planting

...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design

...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants

...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
Bulb
Climber

 

Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12

All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index

All Foliage 212
All Spring Foliage 212

All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212
Rock Plant Flowers 53

 

Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...Infill2 Plants *
...Infill3 Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...All2 Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

 

Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods

Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable

Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

 

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY

 

Cultivation Requirements of Plant

Outdoor / Garden Cultivation

1

Indoor / House Cultivation

1

Cool Greenhouse (and Alpine House) Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter

1

Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year

1

Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

1

 

Sun Aspect

Full Sun

1

Part Shade

1

Full Shade

1

 

Soil Type

Any Soil

1

Chalky Soil

1

Clay Soil

1

Lime-Free Soil

1

Peaty Soil

1

Sandy Soil

1

Acid Soil

1

Alkaline Soil

1

Badly-drained Soil

1

 

Soil Moisture

Dry

1

Moist

1

Wet

1

 

Position for Plant

Back of Shady Border

1

Back of Shrub Border

1

Bedding

1

Bog Garden

1

Coastal Conditions / Seaside

1

Container in Garden

1

Front of Border

1

Ground Cover 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

1

Ground Cover 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

1

Ground Cover Over 72 inches (180 cms)

1

Hanging Basket

1

Hedge

1

Hedge - Thorny

1

Pollution Barrier

1

Pond

1

Pot in House, Greenhouse, Conservatory or Stovehouse

1

Raised Bed

1

Rest of Border

1

Rock Garden

1

Scree Bed

1

Speciman on Lawn

1

Sunny Border

1

Tree for Lawn

1

Tree for Small Garden

1

Wildflower

1

Windbreak

1

Woodland

1

 

Use of Plant

Pollen or nectar for Bees

1

Hosts to Butterflies

1

Encouraging birds / wildlife, providing food and shelter

1

Bee-Pollinated plants for Hay Fever Sufferers

1

Berries / Fruit

1

Dry Site in Full Sun

1

Dry Shade

1

Filtering noise

1

Flower Arrange-ments

1

Fragrant Flower

1

Language of Flowers

1

Low maintenance

1

Moist Shade

1

Moist and swampy Sites

1

Nitrogen fixing plants

1

Not Fragrant Flower

1

Rabbit-Resistant

1

Speciman Plant

1

Thornless

1

Tolerant of Poor Soil

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Plant Foliage

Aromatic Foliage

1

Autumn Foliage

1

Finely Cut Leaves

1

Large Leaves

1

Yellow Variegated Foliage

1

White Variegated Foliage

1

Red / Purple Variegated Foliage

1

Silver, Grey and Glaucous Foliage

1

Sword-shaped Leaves

1

 

 

Flower Shape

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less
lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

1 Petal

1

2 Petals

1

3 Petals
irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

4 Petals
aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

5 Petals
anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Above 5
anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars
anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bowls
 

1

Cups and Saucers
euphorbiacflo1wallichiigarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Globes
paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Goblets and Chalices
paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Trumpets
acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Funnels
stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bells
digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Thimbles
fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Urns
ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Salverform

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

Flower Shape - Elaborated

Tubes, Lips and Straps
prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets
aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Hats, Hoods and Helmets
acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Standards, Wings and Keels
lathyrusflotvernus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Discs and Florets
brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pin-Cushions
echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Tufts
centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Cushion
androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Umbel
agapanthuscflos1campanulatusalbidusgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Buttons
argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pompoms
armeriacflomaritimakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Natural Arrangements

Bunches, Posies, Sprays
bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Columns, Spikes and Spires
ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Whorls, Tiers and Candelabra
lamiumflotorvala2a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Plumes and Tails
astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Chains and Tassels
 

1

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades
 

1

Spheres, Domes (Clusters), Plates and Drumsticks
androsacecfor1albanakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Shrub, Tree Shape

Columnar
ccolumnarshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Oval
covalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Rounded or Spherical
croundedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Flattened Spherical
cflattenedsphericalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Conical / Narrow Pyramidal
cnarrowconicalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Conical / Broad Pyramidal
cbroadpyramidalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Ovoid /
Egg-Shaped

ceggshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Ovoid
cbroadovoidshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Vase-shaped / Inverted Ovoid
cnarrowvaseshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Fan-Shaped /Vase-Shaped
cfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Fan-Shaped / Broad Vase-Shaped
cbroadfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Weeping
cnarrowweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Weeping
cbroadweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Palm

1

 

Conifer Cone

1

 

Form

Arching

1

Climbing

1

Clump-Forming

1

Mat-Forming

1

Mound-Forming

1

Prostrate

1

Spreading

1

Stemless

1

Upright

1

 

Poisonous Plant

1

 

STAGE 1
GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark
1
, 2, 3

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2

Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

Scented Aquatic Plants
1


Plants with Scented Fruits
1


Plants with Scented Roots
1
, 2

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood
1


Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums
1


Scented Cacti and Succulents
1


Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell
1
, 2
 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 3

Fan-trained Shape
fantrainedshape2a1a1a

From Rhododendrons, boxwood, azaleas, clematis, novelties, bay trees, hardy plants, evergreens : novelties bulbs, cannas novelties, palms, araucarias, ferns, vines, orchids, flowering shrubs, ornamental grasses and trees book, via Wikimedia Commons

 

Ramblers Scramblers & Twiners by Michael Jefferson-Brown (ISBN 0 - 7153 - 0942 - 0) describes how to choose, plant and nurture over 500 high-performance climbing plants and wall shrubs, so that more can be made of your garden if you think not just laterally on the ground but use the vertical support structures including the house as well.

The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A Guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. (ISBN 0-670-82929-3) provides the lists for 'Choosing the right Shrub or Climber' together with Average Height and Spread after 5 years, 10 years and 20 years.

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3


Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club.
Published in 1962. It provides most of the data about the Alpines.

Plant Solutions 1000+ suggestions for every garden situation by Nigel Colborn ISBN
13:978
0 00 719312 7, provides many of the plants for the pages in these Galleries.

Essential Annuals The 100 Best for Design and Cultivation. Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell. ISBN 0-517-66177-2, provides data about annuals.

Indoor Bulb
Growing by
Edward Pearson
. Published by Purnell & Sons, Ltd in 1953. It provides the data about Indoor Bulbs and Bulbs in
Window-boxes.

Colour All The
Year In My Garden
: A selection of choice varieties - annuals, biennials, perennials, bulbs, climbers and trees and shrubs - that will give a continuity of colour
in the garden throughout the year. Edited by C.H. Middleton. Gardening Book
from Ward, Lock & Co published in 1938, provides plant data for a calendar of plants in bloom throughout the year and for those in the smallest garden.

The Book of Bulbs by S. Arnott, F.R.H.S. Printed by
Turnbull & Spears, Edinburgh in 1901. This provides data about Hardy Bulbs, Half-Hardy Bulbs, Greenhouse and Stove Bulbs.

Collins Guide to
Bulbs by Patrick
M. Synge
. ISBN
0 00 214016-0
First Edition 1961, Second Edition 1971, Reprinted 1973. This provides data on bulbs for bedding, bulbs in the border, bulbs naturalised in grass, bulbs in the woodland garden, bulbs in the rock garden, bulbs in pans in the alpine house, bulbs in the greenhouse, bulbs in bowls and the bulb frame.

Annuals & Biennials, the best annual and biennial plants and their uses in the garden by Gertrude Jekyll published in 1916 and
republished by Forgotten Books in 2012
(Forgotten Books
is a London-based book publisher specializing in the restoration of old books, both fiction and non-fiction. Today we have
372,702 books available to read online, download as ebooks, or
purchase in print.).

Cut Flowers All The Year from The New Illustrated
Gardening Encyclopedia
by Richard Sudell, printed before May 1935 for the plant names in each month, followed by details for culture and propagation.

Mr. Middleton's Garden Book by
Daily Express Publication,
reprinted 1941
for the individual
cultivar names with evergreen/
deciduous, flower colour, flower month and height.

 

 

The following table shows the linkages for the information about the plants
described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening in The Gardeners' Golden Treasury, revised by A. G. L Hellyer F.L.S, Editor of 'Amateur Gardening', (thirty-first impression of original published in 1895) was published in 1960 by W. H. & L. Collingridge Limited,
between:-

  • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery (in this Table) and Stage 1 Fragrant Plants (in Table on left), then
  • Stage 2 - 3 Infill Plants Index Galleries (in Table on right), then
  • Stage 3a - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2 (in this Table)
  • Stage 3b - All2 Plants Index Gallery for Alpines without a Garden for your health and productivity (in this Table)
  • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right)
  • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right) with
    column for Deciduous / Herbaceous plants with the same foliage colour during their growing season and
    column for Evergreen plants with the same foliage colour during the entire year
  • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery (in Table on left)
  • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery (in Table on left)

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
It would be useful if when you decide to change your garden that you use a uniform garden style throughout your garden and the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY aims to provide pointers.
The new pages (April 2016) in the gallery will have a suitable list of plants on each page (as that plant gets further detailed in the ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY), then each row containing that plant name in the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY will also be updated. I aim to input details of plants starting with A in alphabetical order to Z.

Private Garden Design:-
What is your Budget and What are the purposes for your garden?
Designing for a purpose: Areas which require answers before answering your Designing for a Purpose Questionaire.
Then, do the Site Survey with Photographs, before putting the Current Garden Design on paper or in your computer.
Using the Broad Design elements of Scale, which Garden Style to use:-
Low Maintenance Garden Style, Cottage Garden Style, Wildlife Garden Style or Japanese Garden Style and the
Hard and Soft Landscaping elements, create the Broad Proposed Design. Then, the Detailed Design of each Hard Landscaping item followed by the Soft Landscaping elements: The Soil, changing the Microclimate; and the
Plant Selection is influenced by the Colour Wheel, with Plant Quantities determined by time to establish versus width between plants and Companion Planting will provide helpful neighbouring plants
or
Click on text in cells below to jump to that page describing that data
.

 


Container

Gardening at my work-place

 

<----

 

Yes
|
v


Do you want to garden and grow plants?

 

No

Cannot be bothered.
If you wish to improve your productivity and health, then, plant an Alpine Pan in your work area or at home using the information within Alpines without a Garden by Lawrence D. Hills, using these pages:-


Potted
House-plant


<----
|
|
v


No
Garden

At Home with Gard-ening Area


Yes


---->

Balcony Garden or Roof Garden


Yes
---->

Grow flowers for flower arranging and vegetables on Balcony Garden or Roof Garden

 

STAGE 3b
ALL2 PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

|
v


Conservatory Gardening

|
<--
|

This background colour indicates an Empty Page
in STAGE 3b
ALL2 PLANTS INDEX GALLERY


No
---->

Outside Garden
|
v

Plants for the pan garden

The beginner's dozen for the small pan

 


Stovehouse for Tropical Plants

|
<--

An extra dozen for the larger pan

Kinds that may be split up and tucked in Corners and Crevices

|
|
v

Miniature trees and shrubs

The leafy soil pan

The gritty soil pan

The Limy Soil Plan

Blue Flower Colour Pan Plants

Lilac, Violet and Purple Flower Colour Pan Plants

Reds, Carm-ines Flower Colour Pan Plants

Pinks Flower Colour Pan Plants

White Flower Colour Pan Plants

Yellow Flower Colour Pan Plants

Blue Flower Colour Trough Plants

Violet, Lilac and Purple Flower Colour Trough Plants

|
|
v

Reds and Carm-ines Flower Colour Trough Plants

Pinks - all shades Flower Colour Trough Plants

Yellow Flower Colour Trough Plants

White and Cream Flower Colour Trough Plants

Bi-colour-ed Flower Colour Trough Plants

Feb Flower Season

Mar Flower Season

Apr Flower Season

May Flower Season

Jun Flower Season

Jul Flower Season

Aug Flower Season

Sep Flower Season

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season

Nov Flower Season

Pans for Semi-shade

Pans for In-doors

Mini-ature Pot

Feb Flower Season Trough

Mar Flower Season Trough

Apr Flower Season Trough

May Flower Season Trough

Jun Flower Season Trough

Jul Flower Season Trough

Aug Flower Season Trough

Sep Flower Season Trough

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Trough

Nov Flower Season Trough

Dec Flower Season Trough

Bulb Pan

Bulb Cover-ing Carp-eters

Trough and Window-box plants 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Alpines without a Garden

ABC 1

DEF 1

GHI 1

JKL 1

|
|
v

MNO 1

PQR 1

STU 1

V 1

WXYZ 1

You need to know the following:-
1. How much time per week are you prepared to look after your garden or prepared to pay someone else to do it for you?
2. How much are you are prepared to spend on creating your garden and then on its maintenance for its feeding and replacement of its plants and hard landscaping?
3. In order for you to go into your garden, there must be mystery in it, so that from any position in the house you cannot see all the garden, otherwise you will not be tempted to go out into it.
4. You must decide what garden style you are going to use THROUGHOUT the garden and make sure of using 3. the mystery in it as well.
5. What plants do you want to keep in your existing garden and incorporate into your new garden?
6. What Human Problems do you have and what Site Problems are there?

A) Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers List leads onto the
B) Bee Pollinated Bloom in Month galleries and
C) extra Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers.


<----

Human Prob-lems
v


---->

Blind,
Deaf,
in a Wheelchair, or
you cannot bend easily

 

 

 

Garden Style, which takes into account the Human Problems above

 

 

Classic Mixed Style


<----

Cottage Garden Style


<----

.
v


---->

Naturalistic Style

Formal English Garden

 

Mediterranean Style


<----

Meadow and Corn-field


<----

.
.
v


---->

Paving and Gravel inland,
Coastal Conditions near the sea, Seashore with shingle/sand

 

 

 

 

Problem Sites within your chosen Garden Style from the above

 

 

Exposure to Wind


<----

Excess Shade


<----

Exce-ssively Dry Shade


<----


<----

.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Exce-ssively Hot, Sunny and Dry Site is suitable for Drought Resistant Plants

Excessively Wet Soil - especially when caused by poor drainage

Control of Pests (Aphids, Rabbits, Deer, Mice, Mole, Snails) / Disease by Companion Planting in Garden

Whether your Heavy Clay or Light Sandy / Chalk Soil is excessively Alkaline (limy) / Acidic or not, then there is an Action Plan for you to do with your soil, which will improve its texture to make its structure into a productive soil instead of it returning to being just sand, chalk, silt or clay.


<----

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Problems caused by builders:- 1. Lack of soil on top of builders rubble in garden of just built house.
2. Clay soil of Garden slopes towards house with no drainage of this rainwater by the house wall.

In planning your beds for your garden, before the vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman planting is inserted into your soft landscaping plan, the following is useful to consider:-
1. The ground plan usually depends upon 1 or more unalterable existing features. The position of the doors of the house will dictate the positions of paths, the shortest route to the kitchen may indicate the best place for a paved area for eating and drinking out of doors, or the kept trees/shrubs may indicate what garden style is used.
2. Rules of Proportion -
A. A border should be roughly 1/2 as wide as the hedge or wall behind it.
B. The proportion of planted areas to paved or turfed areas should be 1/3 to 2/3, or a 1/4 to 3/4, not 1/2 and 1/2.
C. Within a bed or border, unless a 2-dimensional pattern on the ground is the objective, the height and bulk of the plants should be varied to avoid monotony; it is particularly important to provide strong planting, in terms of either height or bulk or both, at either end of a long bed.
D. The ground surface provides a background to the plants that is as important as the hedges, walls or fences that surround it. Grass is perhaps the most satisfying carpet to use, the cool green forming a restful antidote to the dancing colours of the flowers. Use different coloured pea-shingle inside Cedar Gravel for people in wheelchairs, or infirm in their legs or who suffer from Hay Fever.

Reasons for stopping infilling of Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page. From September 2017 will be creating the following new pages on Sense of Fragrance using Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders.
ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-

 

 

 

|
v

 

 

 

 

 

After you have selected your vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman plants for each bed or border, you will need to infill with plants taking the following into account:-

 

 

 

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark 1, 2, 3
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Sandy Soil 1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves 1, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit 1, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants 1, 2
Scented Aquatic Plants.
Plants with Scented Fruits.
Plants with Scented Roots 1, 2
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.
Scented Cacti and Succulents.
Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell 1, 2

Flower Perfume Group:-
Miscellaneous Group with scents - Balm, Brandy, Cedar, Cloying, Cowslip, Cucumber, Damask Rose, Daphne, Exotic, Freesia, Fur-like, Gardenia, Hay-like, Heliotrope, Honeysuckle, Hops, Hyacinth, Incense-like, Jasmine, Laburnham, Lilac, Lily of the Valley, Meadowsweet, Mignonette, Mint, Mossy, Muscat, Muscatel, Myrtle-like, Newly Mown Hay, Nutmeg, Piercing, Primrose, Pungent, Resinous, Sandalwood, Sassafras, Seductive, Slight, Soft, Stephanotis, Sulphur, Starch, Sweet, Sweet-briar, Tea-rose, Treacle and Very Sweet.

Flower Perfume Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group with scent - Hawthorn.
Heavy Group with scents -
Jonquil and
Lily.
Aromatic Group with scents - Almond,
Aniseed, Balsamic,
Carnation, Cinnamon, Clove,
Spicy and
Vanilla.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group with scent -
Verbena.
Fruit-scented Group with scents -
Apricot,
Fruity,
Green Apple,
Orange, Pineapple,
Ripe Apple , Ripe Banana and
Ripe Plum.
 

Flower Perfume Group:-
Animal-scented Group with scents -
Cat,
Dog,
Ferret,
Fox,
Goat,
Human Perspiration,
Musk,
Ripe Apple and
Tom Cat.
Honey Group.
Unpleasant Smell Group with scents -
Animal,
Fetid,
Fishy,
Foxy,
Fur-like,
Garlic,
Hemlock,
Manure,
Nauseating,
Perspiration,
Petrol,
Putrid,
Rancid,
Sickly,
Skunk,
Stale Lint
Sulphur and
Urinous,

Leaf Perfume Group:-
Turpentine Group.
Camphor and Eucalyptus Group.
Mint Group.
Sulphur Group.
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Heavy Group.
Aromatic Group.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group.
Fruit-scented Group.
Animal-scented Group.
Honey Group.

Scent of Wood, Bark and Roots Group:-
Aromatic Group.
Turpentine Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Stale Perspiration Group.

 

Scent of Fungi Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Sulphur Group.
Aromatic Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Fruit Group.
Animal Group.
Honey Group

Sense of Sight

Emotion of
Hot /Cool; Calm / Agitated

Emotion of
Low-key / High Key


<----

.
.
.
v

Emotion of
Inviting
/ Forbidding

Emotion of Intellectual versus Emotional

Sense of Touch

Sense of Taste

Sense of Sound

 

 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 for
lists of plants of 1 plant type for 1 cultivation requirement is in Table on right

 

 

 

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
Click on Blue or underlined text to jump to page comparing flower thumbnails of that blue colour in the
Other Plant Photo Galleries. RedPP is Red, Pink, Purple and Other is Unusual or Other Flower Colour.

Plant Type
with links to Other Plant Photo Galleries

ABC

DEF

GHI

JKL

MNO

PQR

STU

VWX

YZ

Alpine in Evergreen Perennial,
Herbaceous Perennial and Rock Garden

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Aquatic

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Annual/ Biennial

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bamboo

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bedding,
RHS Mixed Border Beds and
Flower Shape

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Bicolour

Other Flower Colours

White / Colour Bicolour

Bulb,
Allium / Anemone, Colchicum / Crocus, Dahlia, Gladiolus, Narcissus and Tulip

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Climber

1

Blue

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Conifer

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Deciduous Shrub

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Deciduous Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Evergreen Perennial

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Shrub , Semi-Evergreen Shrub and Heather

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Fern

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Grass

1

1

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

Herbaceous Perennial and
RHS Mixed Border Beds

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Herb

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Odds and Sods

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rose

1

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

 

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Soft Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Sub-Shrub

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Top Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Vegetable

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Wildflower with
Plants used by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterflies in the UK

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

Red

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Multi-colour

Cream

Mauve

Brown

Shrub and Small Tree

Botanical Names Page

Common Names Page

Finally, you might be advised to check that the adjacent plants to the one you have chosen for that position in a flower bed are suitable; by checking the entry in Companion Planting - like clicking A page for checking Abies - and Pest Control page if you have a pest to control in this part of the flower bed.
Companion Planting
- A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
Pest Control using Plants

 

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
The planning a Rose Garden chapter from Rose Gardens by Jane Fearnley-Whitingstall ISBN 0 7011 3344 9 and
Plant Solutions by Nigel Colborn provides information for this gallery.

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 Reference books for these galleries in Table on left

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
In addition to these 10 galleries, there are links to the Other Plant Photo Galleries in the table above like Bulb , which have plant descriptions accessed by clicking a flower thumbnail in its flower comparison page. Click the respective flower colour - like Green - to change page to that flower colour comparison page. Then, you can also choose these other plants.
It will also state the Plant Combinations for each plant from The Ulimate Visual Guide to Successful Plant Harmony - The Encyclopedia of Planting Combinations by Tony Lord ISBN 1-55209-623-8

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY
Some extra details about the Cultivation Requirements of Plant:- Outdoor /Garden Cultivation, Indoor / House Cultivation, Cool Green-house Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter, Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year, and Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

Since 2006, I have requested photos etc from the Mail-Order Nurseries in the UK and later from the rest of the World. Few nurseries have responded.
I worked for a lady, who with her husband took 35 mm slides of plants in the 1960's and 1970's. She allowed me to digitise some of her Kodachrome slides, which I have used in my website. I discovered that at least the green colour of the foliage became very much darker over that period of years to 2008, by comparing wildflower photos from her slides with digital photos supplied by a current Wildflower mail-order nursery, so I stopped creating my Foliage Galleries.
I bought myself a camera some years ago and started taking photos, some of which have been put into the website. I started taking photos of the Heathers at the Royal Horticultural Society at Wisley garden. I have displayed the Heathers foliage in closeup since their leaves are 2mm long and in macro-scale in the Heather Galleries - sometimes the foliage colour at the terminal end of the foliage stem is only a few leaves, whereas others have the same foliage colour throughout the stem. I discovered that some of the heathers did not have the correct plant label, since the flower colour did not correspond with the flower colour in the literature. I was informed that since kids have free rein, that perhaps they move the plant labels. Since, I cannot rely that the heather plant label next to the heather plant is valid, I have stopped taking photos of those heathers.
This leaves a small problem, especially since very few gardens open to the public have their plants labelled so that the public can use the data on their label to buy that named plant from a nursery or garden centre. Currently (June 2018) I insert photos from Wikimedia Commons as well as my own.
I have found the above book - which does not contain any colour plant photos. Since it had the following experts help in creating it, I have decided to use its information in these 10 galleries to help the public:-

  • T.W. Sanders Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1895.
  • A.J Macself Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1926 - both Sanders and Macself had worked entirely to the handlists published by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • A.G.L. Hellyer in this work of revision and also in checking the all-important cultural notes sought the help of experts in the various classes of plant:-
    • Mr S.A. Pearce, Assistant Curator at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew undertook the revision of those genera of plants which in this country are mainly grown under glass.
    • Mr Will Ingwersen dealt with the Rock plants,
    • Mr N. Catchpole made himself responsible for trees and shrubs;
    • Mr G.A Phillips for herbaceous plants,
    • Mrs Francis Perry for water plants,
    • Mr A.J. Macself for ferns,
    • Mr E. Cooper for orchids,
    • Mr J.S Dakers for annuals,
    • Miss Doreen Crowther for fruit and vegetables

with the aid of further information from other books, magazines and cross-checking on the internet.
In this edition of the book Sander's Encyclopaedia, the individual soil mixtures to grow plants have been retained, for it was considered that many gardeners might still wish to use them in certain circumstances. The John Innes mixtures may be substituted wherever desired. Details of these individual mixtures will be put into these galleries.

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