Ivydene Gardens Infill Plants Index Gallery:
Alpine - The Alpine Meadow with Winter- and Spring-Flowering Bulbs Page 2

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier for you to contact to buy this plant

Flower Colour
and Background Colour nearest to main petal colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Sun Aspect:- Full Sun,
Part Shade, Full Shade

with link to external website for photo/data

Flowering Months in UK

with link to
USA or
Canada
mail-order supplier

Height with Spacings or Width (W) in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour

and Background Colour nearest to middle-aged leaf colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Soil Moisture:-
Dry,
Moist,
Wet

with link to Australia or New Zealand mail-order supplier

Plant Type is:-

A for Aquatic
Ann for Annual / Biennial
Ba for Bamboo
Bu for Bulb
Cl for Climber
Co for Conifer
F for Fern
G for Grass
H for Herb
P for Perennial
Rh for Rhodo-dendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro for Rose
Sh for Shrub
So for Soft Fruit
To for Top Fruit
Tr for Tree
V for Vegetable
W for Wildflower

followed by:-
E for Evergreen,
D for Deciduous,
H for Herbaceous,
Alpine for being an Alpine as well as being 1 of above Plant Type /

 
Acid for Acidic,
Alk for Alkaline,
Any for AnySoil
 

with link to
ALL PLANTS Index Gallery page

Comments

Adjacent Planting

Plant Associations

It is sad to reflect that in England so few gardens open to the public label their plants or label them so that the label is visible when that plant is in flower, so that visitors can identify; and then later locate and purchase that plant.

Few mail-order nurseries provide the detail as shown in my rose or heather galleries.

If you want to sell a product, it is best to display it. When I sold my Transit van, I removed its signage, cleaned it and took photos of the inside and outside before putting them onto an advert in Autotrader amongst more than 2000 other Transit vans - it was sold in 20 minutes.

If mail-order nurseries could put photos to the same complexity from start of the year to its end with the different foliage colours and stages of flowering on Wikimedia Commons, then the world could view the plant before buying it, and idiots like me would have valid material to work with.

I have been in the trade (until ill health forced my Sole Trader retirement in 2013) working in designing, constructing and maintaining private gardens for decades and since 2005 when this site was started, I have asked any nursery in the world to supply photos. R.V. Roger in Yorkshire allowed me to use his photos from his website in 2007 and when I got a camera to spend 5 days in July 2014 at my expense taking photos of his roses growing in his nursery field, whilst his staff was propagating them. I gave him a copy of those photos.

 

WINTER- AND SPRING-FLOWERING: Plant from September onward, but the earlier, the better..

Anemone apennina (Blue Anemone)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in The Netherlands - Our garden is situated in the woodlands. We’ve experimented with (stinzen) bulbs and gardening in shady conditions for more than 20 years on this site. ‘Shade-gardening’, as we like to call it, is a little-known historical and ecological form of gardening for under old trees and shrubs.

Our garden is open to the public every spring. It can be best described as a colourful array of spring-flowering bulbs set in woodland. Guided tours are given regularly. Here you can see our assortment of bulbs in their element. We’re at hand to give advice about how you can grow and care for the bulbs and shade-loving plants in your own garden. Bulbs (green-in-the-pot) and shade-loving plants are available to buy in the nursery.

Part Shade

Mar-Apr

8 x 6
(20 x 15)

Moist, well-drained soil

P H

Anemone apennina, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high, blue flower, with white flowered
Anemone apennina alba.

Anemone apennina, although native to the Apennine range of mountains in Italy, has been naturalised in Britain for centuries. It is happiest growing in partial shade and probably better than Anemone blanda for UK conditions Its feathery green foliage is overtopped by light blue flowers with many narrow deeply cut petals, standing up to 6" high. The fruiting heads are held erect, unlike A. blanda where they are pendant. The rhizomes get bigger every year and can be divided although they do not develop offsets. In good conditions, the plant will produce seeds.

Planting Instructions

Anemone apennina rhizomes should be planted horizontally about 2-3" (5-7.5cm) deep in small groups about 6" (15cm) apart, in a leaf-mould rich soil occupying a position where they will get a dry summer rest and be left to increase undisturbed.

In early spring it produces single blue flowers above ferny foliage, which dies down in summer. It is especially valued for its ability to colonise deciduous woodland.

 

There are other Anemone used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

 

There are other Anemone in Allium and Anemone Gallery

anemonecforapenninawikimediacommons

Anemone apennina. By Giuseppe Cristiano via Wikimedia Commons.

anemonecfor1apenninawikimediacommons

Anemone apennina at Dresden, Botanical Garden(Saxony, Germany) - white-flowered. By ‪Olei via Wikimedia Commons.

Anemone blanda (wood anemone bulbs)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Mixed Colours

Full Sun, Part Shade

Mar-Apr

 

well-drained, humus-rich soil (create humus-rich soil by leaving fallen leaves from woodland or shrubs to be taken into the soil by worms)

 

Anemone blanda, 3-4 inches (7.5-10 cms) high,
white and
pink varieties.

Soak the tubers overnight in cool water and plant them in naturalistic drifts (it doesn't matter which way up) 5cm deep and 15cm apart from September to November. Ideally you should choose a spot where they can be left undisturbed so they can naturalise and spread.

'Planting anemones for spring'

Posted in All Gardening Advice, Bulbs, September on 31st August 2011.

Delightful, daisy-like flowers from March to April and delicate fern-like foliage. These charming wood anemones are perfect for naturalising in a mixed border around the base of deciduous shrubs. For maximum impact plant in bold drifts 5-8cm (2-3in) deep in well-drained, humus-rich soil in September or October. Goes well with Blechnum spicant, Hosta 'Francee',
Tulipa 'Purissima' and Chionodoxa luciliae

anemonecforblandawikimediacommons

Anemone blanda at Dresden, Botanical Garden (Saxony, Germany). By Olaf Leillinger via Wikimedia Commons.

Chionodoxa luciliae (Chionodoxa gigantea, Bossier's glory-of-the-snow, Lucile's glory-of-the-snow)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

After flowering, it goes into dormancy until the next spring. The Latin name is in honour of Lucile, the wife of the Swiss botanist Pierre Edmond Boissier.

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Mar-Apr

4-6 x 2
(10-15 x 5)

well-drained soil

Bu

Chionodoxa luciliae, 4 inches (10 cms) high, bright blue, white centre, multiplies easily.

Chionodoxa require next to no care. They die down a few weeks after blooming and disappear until next Spring - no untidy foliage to deal with. They readily propagate by self-seeding (will flower in 2-3 years) and bulblets. If you want to move or thin overcrowded clumps, do so just after the leaves wither.

Don't sweat the details too much, general rules of thumb are: space bulbs 2x their width apart and plant them 3x as deep as they are high. So don't worry if the kids (or you) are off by an inch here and there.

Use in borders, rock gardens, lawns , and under trees and shrubs.

 

DDD Foundation

The Dig Drop Done Foundation was founded to promote the joy of bulb gardening and ensure its future in North America. This diverse and committed group of companies has devoted its time, knowledge and financial support to educating consumers on the simple, surprising beauty that flowering bulbs bring to our lives.
Companion Planting:-

chiodoxacforluciliaewikimediacommons

Lucile's Glory-of-the-snow (Chionodoxa luciliae; syn. C. gigantea) flowers in my garden. By Jolán Dénes via Wikimedia Commons.

Chionodoxa luciliae rosea - Ilonas Garden has a lifelong passion for plants

Supplier in UK with 63 tips on bulbs
Supplier in USA with its tips

Part Shade

Mar(Late)-Apr(Early)

4 x 1-4W
(10 x 2.5-10)

Spacing 2 inches (5 cms)

Any, well-drained soil

Bu

Sand, Chalk

Chionodoxa luciliae rosea, 4 inches (10 cms) high, pink.

Please note they will benefit from a rich layer of mulch after planting. Chionodoxa luciliae pink - Glory of the snow spread over the years and form large colonies so they should be lifted, divided and replanted every 4 - 5 years.

Pale rose pink with white centre, around 5 plus flowers per stem; also know as Glory of the Snow these beautiful Bulbs are perfect for containers, front of border or under deciduous trees where they can get direct sunlight. Rabbit resistant.

 

Chionodoxa sardensis (lesser glory-of-the-snow)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Mar (Late)

4 x
(10 x )

Any, well-drained soil

Bu

Chionodoxa sardensis, 4 inches (10 cms) high, rich gentian-blue with white centre. After flowering, it goes into dormancy until the next spring.

Great naturalizers in rock and woodland gardens or in lawns; 'shoes and socks' plant for larger daffodils, tulips and hyacinths.

 

Crocus ancyrensis (Golden Bunch, Ankara Crocus)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Orange/ Yellow

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Prefers Morning Sun & Afternoon Shade

Jan-Feb

3 x
(7.5 x )

Dry summer rest, prefers moist alkaline soil

Bu

Crocus ancyrensis, 2 inches (5 cms) high, orange-yellow, very early.

Use in pots and containers, beds and borders, lawns and verges. Bees love them. Deer Resistant, Rabbit Resistant, Easy to grow.

Full sun is best, especially in temperate zones, in order that it can have a hot dry summer dormancy, without which it might not naturalize. So too they may not naturalize without a sufficiently cold winter, as in an unseasonably warm winter they will be lovely midwinter bloomers the first year, but not apt to survive a second year without both a hot summer dormancy & cold winter dormancy.

There are other Crocus used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

There are other Crocus in Colchicum and Crocus Gallery

crocuscforancyrensiswikimediacommons

Jardin botanique de l'Université de Zurich (Suisse) : Crocus ancyrensis G. Maw. By Travail personnel sous licences libres (voir ci-dessous), choisissez une licence : GFDL si le texte accompagnateur est sous GFDL, Creative Commons CC-BY-SA-3.0 pour tout texte sous une autre licence. Ces licences ne concernent que la photo. Application : mettre un lien vers cette page ou sinon la mention "GFDL Guerin Nicolas" ou "cc-by-sa-3.0 Guerin Nicolas" contre la photo. via Wikimedia Commons.

Crocus aureus (Crocus flavus, Crocus luteus, yellow crocus, dutch yellow crocus)

Supplier in UK of Crocus x luteus 'Golden Yellow'
Supplier in USA of Crocus x luteus 'Golden Yellow'

flavus means "pure yellow"

Full Sun

Feb-Mar

4 x 2W
(10 x 5)

gritty, poor to moderately fertile, well-drained soil

Bu

Crocus aureus (Crocus flavus), 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cms) high, orange-yellow, February.

The colour of these flowers is a rich golden yellow. This is a strong- grower that is ideal for naturalising through lawns and meadows. Each bulb may produce up to 5 flowers, so you will usually get a very generous show too.
Plant bulbs in naturalistic drifts 10cm (4in) deep in September or October.

Crocus flavus naturalises well in the garden, and its cultivars are used as ornamental plants. The subspecies C. flavus subsp. flavus has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

Goes well with
Iris 'Harmony',
Crocus 'Ruby Giant' and Narcissus 'Actaea'

Unfortunately the Page Not Found Page has been found after clicking Discontinued Products in the Scientific Educational Equipment to Schools, Colleges and Universities - Sci-mart, so I may not be able to purchase the precursor to the Bunsen burner - the Whale-oil-Burner.

Crocus olivieri balansae (Orange Monarch)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in Lithuania
Supplier in USA

Orange-yellow flower usually marked with purplish brown

Feb-Mar

1-2 x
(2.5-5 x )

Cool moist winter.   Warm dryish summer rest.   (Probably best given winter protection in UK gardens)

 

Crocus balansae, 2 inches (5 cms) high, deep orange, long-lasting in flower.

 

Augis bulbs in Lithuania - Dear friends, I am not nurseryman, only hobbyist who spend all free time and cash for plants, grown in small area around living house. Almost all plants, including many woodlanders are grown outdoors, in full sun.
Yours Eugenijus Dambrauskas

Ordered plants will be dispatched in August / September by air mail.

Crocus biflorus (Silvery Crocus)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Pale mauve or white, often with darker stripes on the outer tepals.

 

2-3 x
(5-7.5 x )

 

Bu

Crocus biflorus, Scotch Crocus, 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cms) high, several varieties, all good, white, with purple-blue shading or feathering.

A cormous perennial herb which is naturalised in grassland and marshes and on roadside verges.

crocuscforbifloruswikimediacommons

Crocus biflorus. By Meneerke bloem via Wikimedia Commons.

crocuscforbiflorusprinsclauswikimediacommons

Crocus biflorus 'Prins Claus'. By ‪Epibase via Wikimedia Commons.

Crocus candidus sub-flavus

Supplier in UK
Supplier in Germany
 

Amber-yellow flowers, lightly dusted with greyish-brown speckles.

Feb-Mar

1.5-2.5 x
(4-7 x )

 

Bu

Crocus candidus sub-flavus, 2 inches (5 cms) high, orange-yellow, tinged bronze

 

 

Crocus chrysanthus (Snow Crocus, Golden Crocus, Botanical Crocus)
'Blue Bird',
'Blue Pearl',
'Cream Beauty',
'E.A. Bowles',
'E.P. Bowles',
'Saturnus',
'Snow Bunting',
'Zwanenburg'

Supplier in UK
Supplier of some of the above cultivars in UK
Supplier in Lithuania of Crocus chrysanthus Blue Bird and other chrysanthus cultivars.
Supplier in USA

Its common name, "snow crocus", derives from its exceptionally early flowering period, blooming about two weeks before the giant crocus, and often emerging through the snow in late winter or early spring. The Latin specific epithet chrysanthus means "golden-flowered".

Golden-yellow and its cultivars have other colours

Full Sun, Part Shade

Jan-Feb

3-4 x 2
(7.5-10 x 5)

Well-drained Chalk, Sand

Winter wet, summer dry

Bu

Crocus chrysanthus, 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cms) high, many good varieties especially
'Blue Bird', white and greyish-blue,
'Blue Pearl', soft silvery-blue,
'Cream Beauty', creamy yellow,
'E.A. Bowles', butter-yellow, bronzy throat,
'E.P. Bowles', yellow-ochre, tinged grey,
'Saturnus', bright yellow,
'Snow Bunting', white, golden throat, feathered purple,
'Zwanenburg', gold and bronze,
all flowering Feb-Mar

 

Wild Habitat of Short grassland, scrub and thin woods.
Use in beds, borders,Patio Pots and other containers - window boxes, hanging baskets, internal kitchen widow-cill pots

Habitat Aid Ltd.:-

Plants. Native British Plants.

Welcome to our online shop, where you will find native British trees, plants and seed packets, sourced from small British nurseries, growers and harvesters. We donate half of our profits from sales through the shop to some brilliant UK conservation and habitat restoration charities.

We want to help you make beautiful landscapes full of life, from urban gardens to really large scale projects. 

We understand that it’s difficult to know where to find the right plants to realize your vision. Many fruit tree growers in the UK have gone out of business, and today’s commercial realities make it a challenge for those that survive. The supply of wildflowers is fragmented and unregulated; quality and provenance varies enormously. “Native” trees and hedging are routinely sourced from Europe, and aquatic plants are often contaminated by nasty weeds.

Don’t worry. We’re proud to sell a vast range of top quality British plants and seed packets from our lovely community of suppliers. We can even plant, sow and manage your project for you. Whether you’re an amateur gardener or landscape professional, we can help you do the right thing.

The 5 Things We Do:-

1. Promote British growers & nurseries
2. Sell good quality British plants and seeds, mostly native 
3. Help British conservation charities
4. Offer a one stop resource
5. Make habitat creation happen
 
 
 

Crocuses provide an excellent and important source of early pollen for honeybees in particular.

crocuscforchrysanthuswikimediacommons

Deutsch: Kleiner Krokus (Crocus chrysanthus) an der Saar in Saarbrücken. By AnRo0002 via Wikimedia Commons.

crocuscforchrysanthusbluepearlwikimediacommons

Crocus chrysanthus 'Blue Pearl' - close-up. By Meneerke bloem via Wikimedia Commons.

crocuscforchrysanthuscreambeautywikimediacommons

Crocus chrysanthus 'Cream Beauty'. By Meneerke bloem via Wikimedia Commons.

crocuscforchrysanthuseabowleswikimediacommons

English: Crocus chrysanthus 'E.A. Bowles'

Ελληνικά: Κρόκος ή Σαφράν(ι) Ποικιλία Crocus "E.A. Bowles". The original uploader was Ramin Nakisa at English Wikipedia via Wikimedia Commons.

crocuscforchrysanthussaturnuswikimediacommons

Crocus chrysanthus 'Saturnus'. By Ghislain118 via Wikimedia Commons.

crocuscforchrysanthussnowbuntingwikimediacommons

Crocus chrysanthus 'Snowbunting'. By Meneerke bloem via Wikimedia Commons.

crocuscforchrysanthuszwanenburgbronzewikimediacommons

Crocus chrysanthus 'Zwanenburg Bronze'. By Ghislain118 via Wikimedia Commons.

Crocus dalmaticus

Supplier in UK
Supplier Rare Bulb Nursery in Latvia offers the true species collected near Petrovac, Montenegro, at 700 m (CEH-537).
Supplier in USA

Photo

Flower shades of lilac, often with variously marked yellowish outer petals.

Feb-Mar

 

Cool moist winter, warm drier summer. (Does not want excessive drying in summer.   Commercial form is grown outside in some UK gardens)

Bu

Crocus dalmaticus, 2 inches (5 cms) high, pale lavender blue

Easily grown in the rock garden or raised beds.
Wild Habitat is Grassy places and scrub, over limestone.

"Grow Crocus in Pots in your greenhouse, so that you can admire them on your kitchen windosill or on your dining-room tablethere during winter and bring the ones in flower into the house for an evening before returnng them the following morning." - article from Grows on You:-
Grows on You is a website for garden lovers to show off all their garden pictures and find exciting new garden ideas and products.

We are a friendly lot with over 28,000 members ready to answer your gardening questions and over 300,000 unique visitors every month.

crocuscfordalmaticuswikimediacommons

Crocus dalmaticus at a Crocus exhibition in the greenhouses at Gothenburg Botanical Garden the spring 2016. By Averater via Wikimedia Commons.

Crocus etruscus (Tuscan Crocus)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Photos from North American Rock Garden Society

Lilac flowers with purple veining and prominent orange stigmas

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Feb-Mar

 

 

Bu

Crocus etruscus, 2 inches (5 cms) high, lavender-blue,

For mass planting and naturalizing, species such as C. angustifolius, C. etruscus, C. korolkowii, C. × luteus, and C. tommasinianus equal or surpass the common garden hybrids.

Northwestern Italy, in deciduous woods and grassland up to 600m.

 

Crocus etruscus 'Zwanenburg'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA
Supplier in Lithuania
Supplier in Germany
Supplier in Australia

'Zwanenburg' is a perennial corm with flowers appearing before the leaves. Flowers lilac-blue, the outsides washed silver or biscuit-brown with faint purple veining

Full Sun

Feb-Early Mar

3 x 2W
(8 x 5)

Well-drained Chalk, Sand - Grow in a gritty, poor to moderately fertile soil

Bu

Crocus etruscus 'Zwanenburg', 2 inches (5 cms) high, best in variety.
"Pollinated by bumblebees, moths, & beetles, it will inevitably self-seed, besides producing offsets, increasing in numbers year by year. Its third year, when I cleared away some invading grass, I found two half-sized corms buried in grass upon the surface of the ground, complete with roots & sprouts. So I poked two thumb-deep holes in the 'Zwanenburg' drift & dropped the cormlets therein." from Paghat the Ratgirl.

Use on banks, slopes, beds near the coast, gravel garden, rock garden or in pots

crocuscforestruscuszwanenburgwikimediacommons

Crocus etruscus 'Zwanenburg'. By Meneerke bloem via Wikimedia Commons.

Crocus imperatii

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Photos

Fragrant purple flowers in late winter and early spring, the outer tepals externally buff, striped with purple, the throat yellow

Full Sun

Feb-Mar

4 x 4
(10 x 10)

Well-drained Chalk, Sand - Grow in a gritty, poor to moderately fertile soil

Bu

Crocus imperatii, 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cms) high, lilac, striped purple.

Dormancy: Most of the bulbs White Flower Farm in America offer go dormant within about 8–12 weeks after flowering. The period between the end of flowering and the withering of the foliage is crucial to the future vigor of the plant. If you cut, fold, or braid the leaves before they have yellowed and collapsed, you may prevent the bulb from storing the energy required to bloom the following year. You can hide curing foliage by interplanting bulbs with leafy perennials or with annuals or ground covers. If you plant bulbs in a lawn, do not mow the grass until the bulb foliage begins to yellow.

Use in flower beds and borders, gravel garden, rock garden, Patio pots and Window Boxes.

Creates quite a stunning show planted in great sweeps in the lawn.

White Flower Farm in America does not recommend using bone meal. It contains only one primary nutrient (phosphorus) and attracts dogs and rodents, which may dig up the bulbs. Please note that the first spring after planting, most bulbs (particularly those imported from cool-summer climates such as those of Holland and England) bloom later than established bulbs of the same variety. This is not unusual. In subsequent years, they will bloom at the appointed time.

crocuscforimperatiwikimediacommons

Crocus imperati 'De Jager' group. By Meneerke bloem via Wikimedia Commons.

Crocus korolkowii

Supplier in UK
Supplier in Lithuania
Supplier in USA

Scented golden-yellow, bronze outside

Feb-Mar

 

Cold hardiness is no problem but a drying-off period during the summer is a requirement best met by pot or bulb-frame culture - in the open garden, a warm, sunny spot on the rock garden gives acceptable results. Said to prefer a slightly acidic, rich clayey soil but grows well for me in a normal 1:1:1 mix of Loam, Gritty sand and general purpose compost.

Bu

Crocus korolkowii, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high, golden-yellow, bronze outside

 

crocuscforkorolkowiiwikimediacommons

Crocus korolkowii at a Crocus exhibition in the greenhouses at Gothenburg Botanical Garden the spring 2016. By Averater via Wikimedia Commons.

Crocus minimus (pygmy crocus)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Dark feathering up the backs of the lilac purple petals

Full Sun

Mar

3 x 4W
7.5 x 10)

Wild Habitat is Stony and sandy situations, in grass of scrub

Bu

Crocus minimus, 2 inches (5 cms) high, light violet, outside buff, purple feathered

Crocus minimus Bavella will be best in a raised bed or similar in the sun would be ideal. Crocus minimus 'Bavella' - this dark flowered form of Crocus minimus was introduced into cultivation by Alan Edwards who discovered it on the Col de Bavella in Corsica.   A few corms were collected and fortunately the plant breeds true from seed which is freely produced in cultivation.

Easily grown and flowering late enough to miss the worst of the winter weather, Crocus minimus will tolerate a well-drained, sunny position in the garden.   It is also excellent for the rock garden, raised beds and troughs.   Given optimum conditions it will increase readily by corm division.

crocuscforminimuswikimediacommons

Crocus minimus - close-up. By Meneerke bloem via Wikimedia Commons.

Crocus sieberi (Sieber's Crocus, Crocus sibiricus, Crocus sibthorpianus, Crocus atticus, Crocus nivalis, Crocus sublimis) 'Hubert Edelstein' 'Violet Queen'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Fragrant Pale lilac with yellow thoat

Full Sun,
Morning Sun & Afternoon Shade

Feb-Mar

4 x 2
(10 x 5)

Habitat: of Rocky slopes and in grass; at altitudes of 1,500 to 2,700 m.

Well-drained Sand or Chalk

Bu

Crocus sieberi, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high, delicate blue, golden throat, with varieties
'Hubert Edelstein', deep purple and white; and
'Violet Queen', rounded violet-blue

Use in beds, borders, rock garden, patio pots and window boxes.
Spectacular in large sweeping drifts. For optimal effect, 100-150 corms should be planted. If used in lawns, however, the grass may not be mowed until 6 weeks after the crocuses have bloomed. If mowed earlier than this, the newly forming cormlets (developing on top of the mother corm) will not become large enough to flower next year.

 

Crocus x stellaris (Crocus 'Stellaris', Yellow Crocus)

Supplier in UK
 

Recorded in the wildlife of Leicestershire and Rutland, England

Bright golden yellow flowers with bold purple-black stripes and yellow filaments

Full Sun

Jan-Apr

 

Well-drained Sand, Chalk

Bu

Crocus stellaris, 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cms), orange with dark bronze lines

Use in wildflower garden, gravel garden, rock garden, Patrio pots and window boxes.

A sturdy Crocus that will naturalise in grass.

It is often long-lived when discarded into suitable habitats, where it spreads vegetatively.

Crocus Corms are vulnerable to mice, voles and squirrels - see Pest/Disease Control in Companion Planting for how to use plants to control pests.

Most insects have disappeared by November but one possible late sighting is the Ivy Bee, Colletes hederae. Though not yet seen in Leicestershire or Rutland it has been moving northwards so a species to look out for on late-flowering Ivy. View the info sheet.

Crocus susianus (Cloth-of-Gold Crocus, Crocus angustifolius),
minor

Supplier in UK
Green Plant Swap in UK
Supplier in USA

Scented, bright deep yellow flowers, strongly feathered with dark mahogany on the outside

Full Sun

Sep-Mar

2 x 2W
(5 x 5)

Well-drained Sand, Chalk.

Prefers to be on the dry side during dormancy

Bu

Crocus susianus, 2 inches (5 cms) high, deep golden-yellow mahogany-bronze outside. Variety
minor grows more upright, flowers a richer yellow and a little later

Use in wildflower garden, gravel garden, rock garden, Patrio pots and window boxes.

Plants are ideal for rock gardens and for slight forcing in bowls for an early indoor display.

 

Crocus tomasinianus,
'Whitewell Purple',
'Barrs Purple',
'Taplow Ruby'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

 

 

 

 

 

Crocus tomasinianus, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high, pale lavender and silver-grey, seeds freely. Varieties
'Whitewell Purple',
'Barrs Purple' and
'Taplow Ruby' are considered safer and deeper coloured.

Few genera of early-blooming plants present such a wealth of possibilities for the rock garden and other smaller garden niches. Give them well-drained soil and a reasonable amount of sunlight, and they will reward you with years of beauty. Their only significant drawback is that squirrels and a few other varmints consider their corms a delicacy. Deeply planted corms (5 or 6 inches - 12.5-15 cms) often escape herbivory. If even deep-seated corms are plundered, consider using C. tommasinianus (in our experience the most pest-resistant species) or providing some protection.

If you have an abundance of squirrels, then dig a trench lay the corms in the soil cover the corms with a little soil, then put a sheet of chicken wire over the top before replacing the remaining 75% of topsoil - see Pest/Disease Control in Companion Planting for how to use plants to control other pests.

crocuscfortommasinianuswikimediacommons

• Deutsch: Elfenkrokus (Crocus tommasinianus), Chemnitz, Deutschland

• English: Woodland crocus (Crocus tommasinianus), Chemnitz, Germany.

By Jörg Hempel via Wikimedia Commons.

crocuscfortommasinianusbarrspurplewikimediacommons

Crocus tommasinianus 'Barr's Purple'. By Meneerke bloem via Wikimedia Commons.

crocuscfortommasinianuswhitewellpurplewikimediacommons

Crocus tommasinianus 'Whitewell Purple'. By Ghislain118 via Wikimedia Commons.

Crocus vernus 'Haarlem Gem' (Giant Dutch Crocus)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in UK

Photo

Deep Purple

Full Sun

Feb-Apr

 

 

Bu

Crocus vernus 'Haarlem Gem', 3-4 inches (7.5-10 cms) high, lilac-blue

Will naturalize. Easy even in dry shade.

 

Crocus versicolor picturatus 'Cloth of Silver'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in Netherlands
 

Brilliant white flowers painted with purple veins

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Mar-Apr

 

Gritty, well drained soil. Will tolerate most soil types.

Bu

Crocus versicolor picturatus 'Cloth of Silver', 3 inches (7.5 cms) high, white with purple feathering

The crocus flowers are usually borne singly and have three inner and three outer segments which create a globular appearance. During dull weather and at night they stay closed up to protect their nectar for butterflies and bees which visit on sunny days. If left undisturbed, crocus increase rapidly creating a carpet of radiant colours from self-sown seed as well as the natural multiplying of the bulb. 

 

Galanthus elwesii (Snowdrop)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Their name comes from the Greek words 'gala', meaning milk, and 'anthos', meaning flower.

White with green markings

Part Shade

This choice snowdrop loves to shelter in dappled shade at the base of trees and shrubs, but looks equally at home in an alpine garden, or naturalised in grass.

Jan-Mar

8 x 2
(20 x 5)

Moderately-fertile, moist but well-drained alkaline to neutral soil. Snowdrops dislike acid soils.

Bu

Galanthus elwesii, large-flowered Snowdrop, 4-6 inches (10-15 cms) high. White and green flowers.

Robust and tolerant of most soil types, wild snowdrops are commonly found on wooded upland and rocky outcrops throughout Europe and Western Asia.

Plants will seed readily, but tend to hybridise. To redistribute true to name, every 2-3 years lift and divide 'in the green' after flowering from March to May. Replant bulbs and take care to water in well.

galanthuscforelwesiigarnetwikimediacommons

A direct scan, which I made myself, from a bulb of a (fairly small) example of Galanthus elwesii.

This scan is in the Public Domain. If you use it outside Wikipedia, a credit (Simon Garbutt) would be appreciated. SiGarb 21:32, 28 March 2006 (UTC), via Wikimedia Commons.

Iris danfordiae

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Feb-Mar

6 x 4
(15 x 10)

Well-drained, moderately fertile soil

Bu

Iris danfordiae, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high, bright sulphur-yellow flowers, early

Use in pots during the winter and beds on slopes.

Plant 10cm (4in) deep in naturalistic drifts in September or October in a well-drained, sunny site. Feed with a potash-rich fertiliser as soon as the buds appear.

 

There are other Iris used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

iriscfordanfordiaewikimediacommons

Iris danfordiae in garden in Cambridge UK, February 2004. By Keith Edkins via Wikimedia Commons.

Iris reticulata (Early bulbous iris)

Supplier in UK
Supplier of Iris reticulata cultivars in UK
Supplier in USA - who grow their plants in 100% biodegradable plantable pots made from coconut husk fibers (coir). You plant the pot directly into the ground causing little or no transplant shock.

Fragrant Violet flowers with yellow and white markings

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Mar-Apr

6 x 4
(15 x 10)

Requires a sunny site with well-drained neutral or slightly alkaline soil.
They do better with a warm, dry summer rest.
Plant 4" apart and 3" deep.

Bu

Iris reticulata, 6 inches (15 cms) high,
purple-blue, royal blue, pale blue and dark violet varieties available

Plant dwarf iris 'Reticulata' mixed with crocus, snowdrops, and grape hyacinth and enjoy an early explosion of spring color.
They bloom after snowdrops and about the same time as giant crocuses. Multiply rapidly, excellent for rock gardens.
Deer Resistant
Rabbit Resistant,
Good as Cut Flowers.

Ideally suited to pots or planters.

iriscforreticulatawikimediacommons

Iris reticulata. By ‪Rasbak via Wikimedia Commons.

Leucojum vernum (Spring Snowflake. Snowflake is a Member of of the Wildflower Family Daffodil)

Supplier in UK
Supplier 'in the green' in UK

The scientific name means ‘spring white violet’ (Leucojum means ‘white violet’ and vernum means ‘spring’).

All parts of the plant are poisonous, especially the bulbs.

White with a green or yellow spot just below the thickened apex (apex is the apical meristem or its remnant on a flower).

Flowers pollinated by bees.

Full Sun

Feb-Apr

12 x 4
(30 x 10)

Plant bulbs in autumn 10cm deep and 8 - 10 apart. Allow the plant to die back completely before clearing away the foliage.

Reliably moist but well-drained soil.

Bu

Leucojum vernum, 4 inches (10 cms) high, white, green tipped nodding flowers.

Spring snowflakes can be seen growing in the Woodland Garden (situated around the Temple of Aeolus) at Kew from February to April.

Habitat: 
Damp woods, thickets, hedge banks and meadows; usually in hilly areas and on calcareous soils.

Like Leucojum aestivum (summer snowflake), Leucojum vernum is an attractive ornamental and grows well in damp grassland or woodland situations, where it can become naturalised. Both species tolerate waterlogged soils, and can be planted to good effect on the margins of ponds or alongside streams in the wilder parts of a garden.

leucojumcforvernumwikimediacommons

Śnieżyca wiosenna (Leucojum vernum). By Roweromaniak via Wikimedia Commons.

Other photos.

Muscari (Grape Hyacinth)

Supplier of seeds in UK - who sells and ships globally.

 

 

 

 

 

Muscari, Grape Hyacinths, are apt to seed too freely and leaves are in evidence a long time.

Very useful for children to plant themselves

There are other Muscari used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

muscaricflosarmeniacumwikimediacommons

Muscari armeniacum (pl. szafirek armeński). By Opioła Jerzy (Poland), via Wikimedia Commons

 

Visitors to the mountains of Switzerland and other alpine regions will know the delight of coming upon the glowing kaleidoscopic colour of an alpine meadow be-jewelled with flowering alpine in full bloom.
Reduced to garden context the alpine meadow becomes a lawn formed of dwarf, creeping or squat carpeting plants, which flower in due season and yet have the inestimable virtue of requiring no regular mowing.
It can be made as a separate and distinctive feature on its own:-

  • it makes a happy solution to the problem of clothing a small area that does not warrant grass and the expenditure on a lawn mower.
  • when a lawn is up to a house wall, your boundary fence, log roll fencing or surrounding a tree. Then, it is very difficult to cut all the grass adjacent to that fixed object. Replace a 6 inch (15 cms) width from that object to the lawn with an alpine meadow, and then mowing that adjacent lawn becomes much easier.
  • area under and adjacent to a picket fence, a post and rail fence or footpath demarcation where the lawn or the flower bed can be replaced by the alpine meadow.

But with equal facility, it can be adapted to quite large areas, becoming pleasant to walk upon and durable enough for most garden lawn purposes as an ornamental feature.
But the alpine meadow, like its natural counterpart, associates most beautifully with rock. It can be used to carpet a plateau within the rock garden or to clothe ground between related outcrops of rock. It is also the ideal way of merging a rock garden into the greater garden design and scene. In some instances, it may be necessary for want of space to confine the rock garden to its allotted space by placing a flagged or gravel path around its front edges. A better way is, where space allows, to let the foothills of the rock garden run out into an alpine meadow.
The site needs as careful preparation as the rock garden itself. Drainage must be excellent, and the ground dug and amended with grit, coarse sand and peat to give a free-draining rooting medium. Particulat attention should be given to the removal of every scrap of perennial weeds and their roots, especially the pernicious and invasive couch grass, bindweed, ground elder, oxalis, speedwells and thistles.
The soil should then be firmed well by walking on it with the heels, raking and tamping it down. On the heavier soils, it is well worth spreading an inch or 2 (2.5-5 cms) of coarse sand over the area. The next step is to put down stone flags as stepping-stones to give access to the rock garden and where there will be much wear. They should be spaced at easy stride distances, large enough to take both feet, and set almost flush with the soil surface. Their shape is not very material for their edges will soon be blurred by creeping plants, but they should harmonize with the stone used in the rock garden.

The following table shows the linkages for the information about the plants
described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening in The Gardeners' Golden Treasury, revised by A. G. L Hellyer F.L.S, Editor of 'Amateur Gardening', (thirty-first impression of original published in 1895) was published in 1960 by W. H. & L. Collingridge Limited,
between:-

  • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery (in this Table) and Stage 1 Fragrant Plants (in Table on left), then
  • Stage 2 - 3 Infill Plants Index Galleries (in Table on right), then
  • Stage 3 - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2 (in this Table)
  • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right)
  • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right) with
    column for Deciduous / Herbaceous plants with the same foliage colour during their growing season and
    column for Evergreen plants with the same foliage colour during the entire year
  • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery (in Table on left)
  • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery (in Table on left)

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
It would be useful if when you decide to change your garden that you use a uniform garden style throughout your garden and the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY aims to provide pointers.
The new pages (April 2016) in the gallery will have a suitable list of plants on each page (as that plant gets further detailed in the ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY), then each row containing that plant name in the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY will also be updated. I aim to input details of plants starting with A in alphabetical order to Z.

Private Garden Design:-
What is your Budget and What are the purposes for your garden?
Designing for a purpose: Areas which require answers before answering your Designing for a Purpose Questionaire.
Then, do the Site Survey with Photographs, before putting the Current Garden Design on paper or in your computer.
Using the Broad Design elements of Scale, which Garden Style to use:-
Low Maintenance Garden Style, Cottage Garden Style, Wildlife Garden Style or Japanese Garden Style and the
Hard and Soft Landscaping elements, create the Broad Proposed Design. Then, the Detailed Design of each Hard Landscaping item followed by the Soft Landscaping elements: The Soil, changing the Microclimate; and the
Plant Selection is influenced by the Colour Wheel, with Plant Quantities determined by time to establish versus width between plants and Companion Planting will provide helpful neighbouring plants
or
Click on text in cells below to jump to that page describing that data
.

 

 

Container
Gardening at my work-place

 

<----

 

Yes
|
v

 

Do you want to garden and grow plants?

 

No

Cannot be bothered.
I am too busy.
My kids, rabbits or dog would destroy the garden.
Too many weeds to control.
Not allowed plants at work.

 

Potted
House-plant


<----
|
|
v


No Gar-den

At Home with Gard-ening Area


Yes


---->

Balcony Garden or Roof Garden


Yes


---->

Grow flowers for flower arranging and vegetables on Balcony Garden or Roof Garden

 

Conservatory Gardening

|
<--
|

 

 

 

 


No

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stovehouse for Tropical Plants

|
<--

 

 

 

 

Outside Garden
|
v

 

 

 

 

 

You need to know the following:-
1. How much time per week are you prepared to look after your garden or prepared to pay someone else to do it for you?
2. How much are you are prepared to spend on creating your garden and then on its maintenance for its feeding and replacement of its plants and hard landscaping?
3. In order for you to go into your garden, there must be mystery in it, so that from any position in the house you cannot see all the garden, otherwise you will not be tempted to go out into it.
4. You must decide what garden style you are going to use THROUGHOUT the garden and make sure of using 3. the mystery in it as well.
5. What plants do you want to keep in your existing garden and incorporate into your new garden?
6. What Human Problems do you have and what Site Problems are there?

A) Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers List leads onto the
B) Bee Pollinated Bloom in Month galleries and
C) extra Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers.


<----

Human Prob-lems
v


---->

Blind,
Deaf,
in a Wheelchair, or
you cannot bend easily

 

 

 

Garden Style, which takes into account the Human Problems above

 

 

Classic Mixed Style


<----

Cottage Garden Style


<----

.
v


---->

Naturalistic Style

Formal English Garden

 

Mediterranean Style


<----

Meadow and Corn-field


<----

.
.
v


---->

Paving and Gravel inland,
Coastal Conditions near the sea, Seashore with shingle/sand

 

 

 

 

Problem Sites within your chosen Garden Style from the above

 

 

Exposure to Wind


<----

Excess Shade


<----

Exce-ssively Dry Shade


<----


<----

.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Exce-ssively Hot, Sunny and Dry Site is suitable for Drought Resistant Plants

Excessively Wet Soil - especially when caused by poor drainage

Control of Pests (Aphids, Rabbits, Deer, Mice, Mole, Snails) / Disease by Companion Planting in Garden

Whether your Heavy Clay or Light Sandy / Chalk Soil is excessively Alkaline (limy) / Acidic or not, then there is an Action Plan for you to do with your soil, which will improve its texture to make its structure into a productive soil instead of it returning to being just sand, chalk, silt or clay.


<----

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Problems caused by builders:- 1. Lack of soil on top of builders rubble in garden of just built house.
2. Clay soil of Garden slopes towards house with no drainage of this rainwater by the house wall.

In planning your beds for your garden, before the vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman planting is inserted into your soft landscaping plan, the following is useful to consider:-
1. The ground plan usually depends upon 1 or more unalterable existing features. The position of the doors of the house will dictate the positions of paths, the shortest route to the kitchen may indicate the best place for a paved area for eating and drinking out of doors, or the kept trees/shrubs may indicate what garden style is used.
2. Rules of Proportion -
A. A border should be roughly 1/2 as wide as the hedge or wall behind it.
B. The proportion of planted areas to paved or turfed areas should be 1/3 to 2/3, or a 1/4 to 3/4, not 1/2 and 1/2.
C. Within a bed or border, unless a 2-dimensional pattern on the ground is the objective, the height and bulk of the plants should be varied to avoid monotony; it is particularly important to provide strong planting, in terms of either height or bulk or both, at either end of a long bed.
D. The ground surface provides a background to the plants that is as important as the hedges, walls or fences that surround it. Grass is perhaps the most satisfying carpet to use, the cool green forming a restful antidote to the dancing colours of the flowers. Use different coloured pea-shingle inside Cedar Gravel for people in wheelchairs, or infirm in their legs or who suffer from Hay Fever.

Reasons for stopping infilling of Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page. From September 2017 will be creating the following new pages on Sense of Fragrance using Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders.
ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-

 

 

 

|
v

 

 

 

 

 

After you have selected your vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman plants for each bed or border, you will need to infill with plants taking the following into account:-

 

 

 

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark 1, 2, 3
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Sandy Soil 1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves 1, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit 1, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants 1, 2
Scented Aquatic Plants.
Plants with Scented Fruits.
Plants with Scented Roots 1, 2
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.
Scented Cacti and Succulents.
Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell 1, 2

Flower Perfume Group:-
Miscellaneous Group with scents - Balm, Brandy, Cedar, Cloying, Cowslip, Cucumber, Damask Rose, Daphne, Exotic, Freesia, Fur-like, Gardenia, Hay-like, Heliotrope, Honeysuckle, Hops, Hyacinth, Incense-like, Jasmine, Laburnham, Lilac, Lily of the Valley, Meadowsweet, Mignonette, Mint, Mossy, Muscat, Muscatel, Myrtle-like, Newly Mown Hay, Nutmeg, Piercing, Primrose, Pungent, Resinous, Sandalwood, Sassafras, Seductive, Slight, Soft, Stephanotis, Sulphur, Starch, Sweet, Sweet-briar, Tea-rose, Treacle and Very Sweet.

Flower Perfume Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group with scent - Hawthorn.
Heavy Group with scents -
Jonquil and
Lily.
Aromatic Group with scents - Almond,
Aniseed, Balsamic,
Carnation, Cinnamon, Clove,
Spicy and
Vanilla.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group with scent -
Verbena.
Fruit-scented Group with scents -
Apricot,
Fruity,
Green Apple,
Orange, Pineapple,
Ripe Apple , Ripe Banana and
Ripe Plum.
 

Flower Perfume Group:-
Animal-scented Group with scents -
Cat,
Dog,
Ferret,
Fox,
Goat,
Human Perspiration,
Musk,
Ripe Apple and
Tom Cat.
Honey Group.
Unpleasant Smell Group with scents -
Animal,
Fetid,
Fishy,
Foxy,
Fur-like,
Garlic,
Hemlock,
Manure,
Nauseating,
Perspiration,
Petrol,
Putrid,
Rancid,
Sickly,
Skunk,
Stale Lint
Sulphur and
Urinous,

Leaf Perfume Group:-
Turpentine Group.
Camphor and Eucalyptus Group.
Mint Group.
Sulphur Group.
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Heavy Group.
Aromatic Group.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group.
Fruit-scented Group.
Animal-scented Group.
Honey Group.

Scent of Wood, Bark and Roots Group:-
Aromatic Group.
Turpentine Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Stale Perspiration Group.

 

Scent of Fungi Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Sulphur Group.
Aromatic Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Fruit Group.
Animal Group.
Honey Group

Sense of Sight

Emotion of
Hot /Cool; Calm / Agitated

Emotion of
Low-key / High Key


<----

.
.
.
v

Emotion of
Inviting
/ Forbidding

Emotion of Intellectual versus Emotional

Sense of Touch

Sense of Taste

Sense of Sound

 

 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 for
lists of plants of 1 plant type for 1 cultivation requirement is in Table on right

 

 

 

STAGE 3 ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
Click on Blue or underlined text to jump to page comparing flower thumbnails of that blue colour in the
Other Plant Photo Galleries. RedPP is Red, Pink, Purple and Other is Unusual or Other Flower Colour.

Plant Type
with links to Other Plant Photo Galleries

ABC

DEF

GHI

JKL

MNO

PQR

STU

VWX

YZ

Alpine in Evergreen Perennial,
Herbaceous Perennial and Rock Garden

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Aquatic

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Annual/ Biennial

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bamboo

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bedding,
RHS Mixed Border Beds and
Flower Shape

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Bicolour

Other Flower Colours

White / Colour Bicolour

Bulb,
Allium / Anemone, Colchicum / Crocus, Dahlia, Gladiolus, Narcissus and Tulip

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Climber

1

Blue

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Conifer

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Deciduous Shrub

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Deciduous Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Evergreen Perennial

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Shrub , Semi-Evergreen Shrub and Heather

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Fern

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Grass

1

1

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

Herbaceous Perennial and
RHS Mixed Border Beds

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Herb

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Odds and Sods

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rose

1

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

 

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Soft Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Sub-Shrub

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Top Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Vegetable

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Wildflower with
Plants used by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterflies in the UK

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

Red

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Multi-colour

Cream

Mauve

Brown

Shrub and Small Tree

Botanical Names Page

Common Names Page

Finally, you might be advised to check that the adjacent plants to the one you have chosen for that position in a flower bed are suitable; by checking the entry in Companion Planting - like clicking A page for checking Abies - and Pest Control page if you have a pest to control in this part of the flower bed.
Companion Planting
- A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
Pest Control using Plants

 

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
The planning a Rose Garden chapter from Rose Gardens by Jane Fearnley-Whitingstall ISBN 0 7011 3344 9 and
Plant Solutions by Nigel Colborn provides information for this gallery.

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3
Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club. Published in 1962. It provides most of the data about the Alpines.
Plant Solutions 1000+ suggestions for every garden situation by Nigel Colborn ISBN 13:978 0 00 719312 7, provides many of the plants for the pages in these Galleries.
Essential Annuals The 100 Best for Design and Cultivation. Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell. ISBN 0-517-66177-2, provides data about annuals.
Indoor Bulb Growing by Edward Pearson. Published by Purnell & Sons, Ltd in 1953. It provides the data about Indoor Bulbs and Bulbs in Window-boxes.
Colour All The Year In My Garden: A selection of choice varieties - annuals, biennials, perennials, bulbs, climbers and trees and shrubs - that will give a continuity of colour in the garden throughout the year. Edited by C.H. Middleton. Gardening Book from Ward, Lock & Co published in 1938, provides plant data for a calendar of plants in bloom throughout the year and for those in the smallest garden.
The Book of Bulbs by S. Arnott, F.R.H.S. Printed by Turnbull & Spears, Edinburgh in 1901. This provides data about Hardy Bulbs, Half-Hardy Bulbs, Greenhouse and Stove Bulbs.
Collins Guide to Bulbs by Patrick M. Synge. ISBN 0 00 214016-0 First Edition 1961, Second Edition 1971, Reprinted 1973. This provides data on bulbs for bedding, bulbs in the border, bulbs naturalised in grass, bulbs in the woodland garden, bulbs in the rock garden, bulbs in pans in the alpine house, bulbs in the greenhouse, bulbs in bowls and the bulb frame.
Annuals & Biennials, the best annual and biennial plants and their uses in the garden by Gertrude Jekyll published in 1916 and republished by Forgotten Books in 2012 (Forgotten Books is a London-based book publisher specializing in the restoration of old books, both fiction and non-fiction. Today we have 372,702 books available to read online, download as ebooks, or purchase in print.).
Cut Flowers All The Year from The New Illustrated Gardening Encyclopedia by Richard Sudell, printed before May 1935 for the plant names in each month, followed by details for culture and propagation.
Mr. Middleton's Garden Book by Daily Express Publication, reprinted 1941 for the individual cultivar names with evergreen/deciduous, flower colour, flower month and height.

STAGE 3 ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
In addition to these 9 galleries, there are links to the Other Plant Photo Galleries in the table above like Bulb , which have plant descriptions accessed by clicking a flower thumbnail in its flower comparison page. Click the respective flower colour - like Green - to change page to that flower colour comparison page. Then, you can also choose these other plants.
It will also state the Plant Combinations for each plant from The Ulimate Visual Guide to Successful Plant Harmony - The Encyclopedia of Planting Combinations by Tony Lord ISBN 1-55209-623-8

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY
Some extra details about the Cultivation Requirements of Plant:- Outdoor /Garden Cultivation, Indoor / House Cultivation, Cool Green-house Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter, Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year, and Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

Since 2006, I have requested photos etc from the Mail-Order Nurseries in the UK and later from the rest of the World. Few nurseries have responded.
I worked for a lady, who with her husband took 35 mm slides of plants in the 1960's and 1970's. She allowed me to digitise some of her Kodachrome slides, which I have used in my website. I discovered that at least the green colour of the foliage became very much darker over that period of years to 2008, by comparing wildflower photos from her slides with digital photos supplied by a current Wildflower mail-order nursery, so I stopped creating my Foliage Galleries.
I bought myself a camera some years ago and started taking photos, some of which have been put into the website. I started taking photos of the Heathers at the Royal Horticultural Society at Wisley garden. I have displayed the Heathers foliage in closeup since their leaves are 2mm long and in macro-scale in the Heather Galleries - sometimes the foliage colour at the terminal end of the foliage stem is only a few leaves, whereas others have the same foliage colour throughout the stem. I discovered that some of the heathers did not have the correct plant label, since the flower colour did not correspond with the flower colour in the literature. I was informed that since kids have free rein, that perhaps they move the plant labels. Since, I cannot rely that the heather plant label next to the heather plant is valid, I have stopped taking photos of those heathers.
This leaves a small problem, especially since very few gardens open to the public have their plants labelled so that the public can use the data on their label to buy that named plant from a nursery or garden centre. Currently (June 2018) I insert photos from Wikimedia Commons as well as my own.
I have found the above book - which does not contain any colour plant photos. Since it had the following experts help in creating it, I have decided to use its information in these 9 galleries to help the public:-

  • T.W. Sanders Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1895.
  • A.J Macself Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1926 - both Sanders and Macself had worked entirely to the handlists published by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • A.G.L. Hellyer in this work of revision and also in checking the all-important cultural notes sought the help of experts in the various classes of plant:-
    • Mr S.A. Pearce, Assistant Curator at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew undertook the revision of those genera of plants which in this country are mainly grown under glass.
    • Mr Will Ingwersen dealt with the Rock plants,
    • Mr N. Catchpole made himself responsible for trees and shrubs;
    • Mr G.A Phillips for herbaceous plants,
    • Mrs Francis Perry for water plants,
    • Mr A.J. Macself for ferns,
    • Mr E. Cooper for orchids,
    • Mr J.S Dakers for annuals,
    • Miss Doreen Crowther for fruit and vegetables

with the aid of further information from other books, magazines and cross-checking on the internet.
In this edition of the book Sander's Encyclopaedia, the individual soil mixtures to grow plants have been retained, for it was considered that many gardeners might still wish to use them in certain circumstances. The John Innes mixtures may be substituted wherever desired. Details of these individual mixtures will be put into these galleries.

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 1
PAGES

Site Map

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY PAGES Links to pages in Table alongside on the left with Garden Design Topic Pages

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

Plant Type
 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 with its Cultivation Requirements

Alpines for Rock Garden (See Rock Garden Plant Flowers)

Alpine Shrubs and Conifers

The Alpine Meadow
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

The Alpine Border
1
, 2

Alpine Plants for a Purpose

The Alpines that Dislike Lime 1, 2

Alpines and Walls
Dry Sunny Walls 1a, b
Tops of Walls 2a, b
Dry Shady and Conifers 3a, b

Alpines and
Paving
1
, 2

Sink and Trough gardens
1
, 2

Aquatic
(Water Plants) for

Anti-erosion River-bank

Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants)
1
, 2

Oxy-genating Weeds

Water Lilies

Floating Plants

Water-side Plants
and Plants for Dry Margins next to a Pond
1
, 2

Wildlife Pond Plants

Annual for

----------------



 

 

ANY PLANT TYPE for
Cut Flowers in
January 1, 2
February
March 1, 2
April
May 1, 2
June 1, 2
July 1, 2
August
September
October
November
December

Exposed Sites

Sheltered Sites with Green-house Annuals from 1916

Extra Poor Soil with Half-Hardy Annuals from 1916

Very Rich Soil with Biennials from 1916

Gap-filling in Mixed Borders with Hardy Annuals from 1916

Patio Con-tainers

Cut Flowers
1
, 2, 3 Ever-lasting Flowers with Red Flowers from 1916

Attract-ing bene-ficial insects
1
, 2

Scent / Fra-grance with Annuals for Cool or Shady Places from 1916

Low-allergen Gardens for Hay Fever Sufferers

Annual Plant Pairing Ideas and Colour Schemes with Annuals
1
, 2

Low-Growing Annuals
1
, 2

Medium-Growing Annuals

Tall-Growing Annuals with White Flowers from 1916

Black or Brown Flowers

Blue to Purple Flowers

Green Flowers with Annuals and Biennials from 1916

Red to Pink Flowers and Cut Flowers
Page
1
, 2, 3

White Flowers
1
, 2

Yellow or Orange Flowers
1
, 2

Dec-orative Foliage

Moist Soil

Shade
1
, 2

House-plants with Yellow Flowers from 1916

Edging Beds

Hanging Baskets

Vining Annuals

 

Bedding for

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Autumn/ Winter Bedding

Bedding for Light Sandy Soil

Bedding for Acid Soil

Bedding for Chalky Soil

Bedding for Clay Soil

Black Flowers

Blue Flowers

Orange Flowers

Pink Flowers

Long Flowering

Coloured Leaves

Attract-ive to Wildlife including Bees, Butterflies and Moths

Purple Flowers

Red Flowers

White Flowers

Yellow Flowers

Multi-Coloured Flowers

Aromatic Foliage or Scented Flowers

Bedding Plant Use

Flowers with 2 Petals

Flowers with 3 Petals

Flowers with
4 Petals

Flowers with 5 Petals

Flowers with 6 Petals

Flowers with more than 6 Petals

Use in Hanging Baskets

Flower Simple Shape

Shape of
Stars

Shape of
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Shape of
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Shape of
Trumpets and Funnels

Shape of
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

Use in Pots and Troughs

Flower Elabo-rated Shape

Shape of
Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Shape of
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Shape of
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

 

Use in
Screen-ing

Use in
Window Boxes

Shape of
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

Shape of
Discs and Florets

Shape of
Pin-Cushions and Tufts

Shape of
Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

 

Use in Bedding Out

Use in
Filling In

Biennial for

Cottage and Other Gardens
1
, 2

Cut Flower with Biennials for Rock Work from 1916

Patio Con-tainers with Biennials for Pots in Green-house / Con-servatory

Bene-ficial to Wildlife with Purple and Blue Flowers from 1916

Scent with Biennials for Sunny Banks or Borders from 1916

 

 

Bulb for
--------------
Explan-ation Intro to Bulbs
--------------
725 Blue, White, Yellow, Unusual Colour, or Red-Purple-Pink flowering Bulbs in each month they flower.

Indoor Bulbs for
Dec-ember
January
February

Indoor Bulbs for
March
April
May

Indoor
Bulbs for
June
July
August

Indoor Bulbs for Sep-tember
October
November

Bulbs in Window-boxes
1
, 2

Bulbs in the Border

Bulbs natural-ised in Grass

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Dec-Jan
Feb-Mar

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Apr-May
Jun-Aug

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Sep-Oct
Nov-Dec

Any Plant Type Blooming in Smallest of Gardens

Bulbs for the Bulb Frame

Bulbs in the Wood-land Garden

Bulbs in the Rock Garden

Bulbs in Green-house or Stove

Achi-menes, Alocasias, Amorpho-phalluses, Aris-aemas, Arums, Begonias, Bomar-eas, Calad-iums

Clivias,
Colo-casias, Crinums, Cyclam-ens, Cyrt-anthuses, Euchar-ises, Urceo-charis, Eurycles

Freesias, Gloxinias, Hae-manthus, Hipp-eastrums

Lachen-alias, Nerines, Lycorises, Pen-cratiums, Hymen-ocallises, Richardias, Sprekelias, Tuberoses, Vallotas, Watsonias, Zephy-ranthes

Bulbs in Bowls

Bulbs in the Alpine House

Hardy Bulbs

Aconitum, Allium, Alstroe-meria, Anemone 1, 1a

Amaryllis, Antheri-cum, Antholy-zas, Apios, Arisaema, Arum, Aspho-deline,

Aspho-delus, Belam-canda, Bloom-eria, Brodiae, Bulbo-codium

Calo-chorti, Cyclo-bothras, Camassia, Col-chicum, Con-vallaria,
Forcing Lily of the Valley, Corydalis, Crinum, Crosmia, Mon-tbretia , Crocus

Cyclamen, Dicentra, Dierama, Eranthis, Eremurus, Ery-thrnium, Eucomis

Fritillaria, Funkia, Gal-anthus, Galtonia, Gladiolus, Hemero-callis

Hya-cinth, Hya-cinths in Pots,
Scilla, Pusch-kinia, Chion-odoxa, Chiono-scilla, Muscari

Iris,
Kniphofia, Lapey-rousia, Leucojum

Lilium,

Lilium in Pots, Malvastrum, Merendera, Milla, Narcissus, Narcissi in Pots

Orni-thogalum, Oxalis, Paeonia, Ran-unculus, Romulea, Sanguin-aria,
Stern-bergia,
Schi-zostylis, Teco-philaea, Trillium

Tulip,
Zephy-ranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs

Acidan-thera, Albuca, Alstroe-meri, Andro-stephium, Bassers, Boussing-aultias, Bravoas, Cypellas, Dahlias, Galaxis,
Geis-sorhizas, Hesper-anthas

Gladioli, Ixias,
Sparaxises, Babianas, Morphixias, Tritonias

Ixio-lirions, Moraeas, Orni-thogal-ums, Oxalises, Phaedra-nassas,
Pan-cratiums, Tigridias, Zephyr-anthes, Cooper-ias

Bulbs for Bedding

Plant Bedding Spring
Summer

Climber 3 sector Vertical Plant System with flowers in
Jan,
Feb,
Mar,
Apr,
May 1, 2
Jun,
Jul,
Aug,
Sep,
Oct,
Nov,
Dec

----------

Choosing the right Shrub or Climber

1a.
The Base -
Base of Wall Plants

1b.
Annuals

1c.
Herbs and Vege-tables

1d.
Cut
flowers, Cut Foliage

1e.
Scented flower or foliage

1f.
Foliage use only

 

2a. 1,2,3,4
The Prime - Wall Shrubs

2b.
Fruit trees

3a.
The Higher Reaches -
House-wall Ramblers

3b. 1,2
Non-House-Wall - Climbing Twiners

3c.
Non-House-Wall - Self-clinging Climbers

Raised
Bed
for Wheel-chair Users

Plants for Wildlife-Use as well

Fastest Covering

Least prot-ruding growth when fan-trained

1, 2
Evergreen

Use as
Hedge

Exposed Positions

Use as Ground-cover

1,2
Ornam-ental Fruit

Scented Flowers

1, 2
Autumn Foliage Colour

Winter Bark

Winter and Early Spring Flowers

Summer Colour or Shape of Foliage

Edible Fruit

Needs Conserv-atory or Green-house

Large
Pots and Con-tainers
1
, 2

Cut Flowers

Attractive to Bees

Climber - Simple Flower Shape

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1b1
Stars

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1a1a1a
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1a1a1a1a
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord2a1a1
Trumpets and Funnels

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1
Salver-form

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14q1a1a1a
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

 

Climber - Elabo-rated Flower Shape

prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1
Tubes, Lips and Straps

aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a1a1
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14u1a1a1a1
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14v1a1a1a
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a1
Disks and Florets

androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1a1
Pin-cushions, Tufts, Petal-less and Cushions

armeriaflomaritimakevock1a1a
Umbels, Buttons and Pompoms

 

STAGE 4A 12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Brown

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Cream

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
White

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1 Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Multi-Colou-red

1
Each Flower Diff-

1
erent Colour

 

STAGE 4B 12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
Deciduous Shrubs or Trees, Herbaceous Perennials or Bulbs- if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.
Evergreen Shrubs or Trees, Evergreen Perennials - if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.

Jan Win

Feb Win

Mar Spr

Apr Spr

May Spr

Jun Sum

Jul Sum

Aug Sum

Sep Aut

Oct Aut

Nov Aut

Dec Win

Decid
Herba

Ever-green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Black

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Bronze

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Grey

1
White

1
Silver

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Varie-gated

1

1

1

1

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


Site design and content copyright ©April 2016.
Top menus revised June 2018. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

Ivydene
Horticultural
Services

Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders - was first published in 1977 and this paperback edition was published on 1 August 1994 ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-
This comprehensive book looks at scented flowers and leaves of plants from all over the world. The work has been prepared to the standards of the Index Kewensis, and is filled with the most interesting facts about the scented flora of the world.

I am using the above book from someone who took 30 years to compile it from notes made of his detailed observations of growing plants in preference to
The RHS Companion to Scented Plants Hardcover – 16 Oct 2014 by Stephen Lacey (Author), Andrew Lawson (Photographer) ISBN 978-0-7112-3574-8 even though this is the only major reference work on scent and scented plants which is endorsed by the Royal Horticultural Society. See reasons for stopping infilling of previous Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page.

The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950 by Faber and Faber Limited describes every method of propagation for 2,500 species. Unlike modern books published since 1980, this one states exactly what to do and is precisely what you require if you want to increase your alpines.

Ivydene Gardens Infill Plants Index Gallery:
Alpine - The Alpine Meadow with Winter- and Spring-Flowering Bulbs Page 2

Topic
Case Studies
Companion Planting

...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design

...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants

...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
Bulb
Climber

 

Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12

All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index

All Foliage 212
All Spring Foliage 212

All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212
Rock Plant Flowers 53

 

Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
...Infill Plants *
...Infill2 Plants
...Infill3 Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

 

Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods

Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable

Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

 

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY

 

Cultivation Requirements of Plant

Outdoor / Garden Cultivation

1

Indoor / House Cultivation

1

Cool Greenhouse (and Alpine House) Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter

1

Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year

1

Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

1

 

Sun Aspect

Full Sun

1

Part Shade

1

Full Shade

1

 

Soil Type

Any Soil

1

Chalky Soil

1

Clay Soil

1

Lime-Free Soil

1

Peaty Soil

1

Sandy Soil

1

Acid Soil

1

Alkaline Soil

1

Badly-drained Soil

1

 

Soil Moisture

Dry

1

Moist

1

Wet

1

 

Position for Plant

Back of Shady Border

1

Back of Shrub Border

1

Bedding

1

Bog Garden

1

Coastal Conditions / Seaside

1

Container in Garden

1

Front of Border

1

Ground Cover 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

1

Ground Cover 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

1

Ground Cover Over 72 inches (180 cms)

1

Hanging Basket

1

Hedge

1

Hedge - Thorny

1

Pollution Barrier

1

Pond

1

Pot in House, Greenhouse, Conservatory or Stovehouse

1

Raised Bed

1

Rest of Border

1

Rock Garden

1

Scree Bed

1

Speciman on Lawn

1

Sunny Border

1

Tree for Lawn

1

Tree for Small Garden

1

Wildflower

1

Windbreak

 

Woodland

1

 

Use of Plant

Pollen or nectar for Bees

1

Hosts to Butterflies

1

Encouraging birds / wildlife, providing food and shelter

1

Bee-Pollinated plants for Hay Fever Sufferers

1

Berries / Fruit

1

Dry Site in Full Sun

1

Dry Shade

1

Filtering noise

1

Flower Arrange-ments

1

Fragrant Flower

1

Language of Flowers

1

Low maintenance

1

Moist Shade

1

Moist and swampy Sites

1

Nitrogen fixing plants

1

Not Fragrant Flower

1

Rabbit-Resistant

1

Speciman Plant

1

Thornless

1

Tolerant of Poor Soil

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Plant Foliage

Aromatic Foliage

1

Autumn Foliage

1

Finely Cut Leaves

1

Large Leaves

1

Yellow Variegated Foliage

1

White Variegated Foliage

1

Red / Purple Variegated Foliage

1

Silver, Grey and Glaucous Foliage

1

Sword-shaped Leaves

1

 

 

Flower Shape

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less
lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

1 Petal

1

2 Petals

1

3 Petals
irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a1a

1

4 Petals
aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a1a1a1a

1

5 Petals
anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a1a1a1a

1

Above 5
anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a1a1a

1

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars
anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1

1

Bowls
 

1

Cups and Saucers
euphorbiacflo1wallichiigarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1

1

Globes
paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1

1

Goblets and Chalices
paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1a1a

1

Trumpets
acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a1a1a1

1

Funnels
stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1a1

1

Bells
digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a1a1a1a

1

Thimbles
fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a1a1a1

1

Urns
ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1a1a1

1

Salverform

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Flower Shape - Elaborated

Tubes, Lips and Straps
prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a1a

1

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets
aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a1a1a1a

1

Hats, Hoods and Helmets
acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a1a1a1a

1

Standards, Wings and Keels
lathyrusflotvernus1a1a1a1a

1

Discs and Florets
brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a1a1a

1

Pin-Cushions
echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a

1

Tufts
centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1a1a1a

1

Cushion
androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1a1a1a

1

Umbel
agapanthuscflos1campanulatusalbidusgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a

1

Buttons
argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1a1a1a

1

Pompoms
armeriacflomaritimakevock1a1a1a1a

1

 

Natural Arrangements

Bunches, Posies, Sprays
bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a1a1a

1

Columns, Spikes and Spires
ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1a1a1a1

1

Whorls, Tiers and Candelabra
lamiumflotorvala2a1a1a1a1

1

Plumes and Tails
astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a1a1a1a1

1

Chains and Tassels
 

1

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades
 

1

Spheres, Domes (Clusters), Plates and Drumsticks
androsacecfor1albanakevock1a1a1a1a1

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Shrub, Tree Shape

Columnar
ccolumnarshape1a1a1a

1

Oval
covalshape1a1a1a

1

Rounded or Spherical
croundedshape1a1a1a

1

Flattened Spherical
cflattenedsphericalshape1a1a1a

1

Narrow Conical / Narrow Pyramidal
cnarrowconicalshape1a1a1a

1

Broad Conical / Broad Pyramidal
cbroadpyramidalshape1a1a1a

1

Ovoid /
Egg-Shaped

ceggshapedshape1a1a1a

1

Broad Ovoid
cbroadovoidshape1a1a1a

1

Narrow Vase-shaped / Inverted Ovoid
cnarrowvaseshapedshape1a1a1a

1

Fan-Shaped /Vase-Shaped
cfanshapedshape1a1a1a

1

Broad Fan-Shaped / Broad Vase-Shaped
cbroadfanshapedshape1a1a1a

1

Narrow Weeping
cnarrowweepingshape1a1a1a

1

Broad Weeping
cbroadweepingshape1a1a1a

1

Palm

1

 

Conifer Cone

1

 

Form

Arching

1

Climbing

1

Clump-Forming

1

Mat-Forming

1

Mound-Forming

1

Prostrate

1

Spreading

1

Stemless

1

Upright

1

 

Poisonous Plant

1

 

STAGE 1
GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark
1
, 2, 3

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2

Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

Scented Aquatic Plants
1


Plants with Scented Fruits
1


Plants with Scented Roots
1
, 2

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood
1


Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums
1


Scented Cacti and Succulents
1


Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell
1
, 2
 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 3

Fan-trained Shape
fantrainedshape2a1

From Rhododendrons, boxwood, azaleas, clematis, novelties, bay trees, hardy plants, evergreens : novelties bulbs, cannas novelties, palms, araucarias, ferns, vines, orchids, flowering shrubs, ornamental grasses and trees book, via Wikimedia Commons

 

Ramblers Scramblers & Twiners by Michael Jefferson-Brown (ISBN 0 - 7153 - 0942 - 0) describes how to choose, plant and nurture over 500 high-performance climbing plants and wall shrubs, so that more can be made of your garden if you think not just laterally on the ground but use the vertical support structures including the house as well.

The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A Guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. (ISBN 0-670-82929-3) provides the lists for 'Choosing the right Shrub or Climber' together with Average Height and Spread after 5 years, 10 years and 20 years.

 

 

 

 

item7a1a1a1 item7a1a1a1 item8a1a1a item8a1a1a item9a1a1 item9a1a1 item11a1a1a item11a1a1a item22a1a1a item22a1a1a item23a1a1a item23a1a1a item24a1a1a item24a1a1a item25a1a1a item25a1a1a item27a1a1 item27a1a1