Topic
Case Studies
...Drive
...Foundations

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants
...in Chalk (Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Lime-Free (Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Light Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape

Bulb with its 7 Flower Colours per Month Comparison Pages
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia

...Gladiolus
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......Eur Non-classified
......American A
......American B
......American C
......American D
......American E
......American F
......American G
......American H
......American I
......American J
......American K
......American L
......American M
......American N
......American O
......American P
......American Q
......American R
......American S
......American T
......American U
......American V
......American W
......American XYZ
......Ame Non-classified
......Australia - empty
......India

......Lithuania

...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil



Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs
...Aconitum
...Allium
...Alstroemeria
...Anemone

...Amaryllis
...Anthericum
...Antholyzas
...Apios
...Arisaema
...Arum
...Asphodeline

...Asphodelus
...Belamcanda
...Bloomeria
...Brodiaea
...Bulbocodium

...Calochorti
...Cyclobothrias
...Camassia
...Colchicum
...Convallaria 
...Forcing Lily of the Valley
...Corydalis
...Crinum
...Crosmia
...Montbretia
...Crocus

...Cyclamen
...Dicentra
...Dierama
...Eranthis
...Eremurus
...Erythrnium
...Eucomis

...Fritillaria
...Funkia
...Galanthus
...Galtonia
...Gladiolus
...Hemerocallis

...Hyacinth
...Hyacinths in Pots
...Scilla
...Puschkinia
...Chionodoxa
...Chionoscilla
...Muscari

...Iris
...Kniphofia
...Lapeyrousia
...Leucojum

...Lilium
...Lilium in Pots
...Malvastrum
...Merendera
...Milla
...Narcissus
...Narcissi in Pots

...Ornithogalum
...Oxalis
...Paeonia
...Ranunculus
...Romulea
...Sanguinaria
...Sternbergia
...Schizostylis
...Tecophilaea
...Trillium

...Tulip
...Zephyranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs
...Acidanthera
...Albuca
...Alstroemeri
...Andro-stephium
...Bassers
...Boussing-aultias
...Bravoas
...Cypellas
...Dahlias
...Galaxis,
...Geissorhizas
...Hesperanthas

...Gladioli
...Ixias
...Sparaxises
...Babianas
...Morphixias
...Tritonias

...Ixiolirions
...Moraeas
...Ornithogalums
...Oxalises
...Phaedra-nassas
...Pancratiums
...Tigridias
...Zephyranthes
...Cooperias


Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Greenhouse or Stove:-
...Achimenes
...Alocasias
...Amorpho-phalluses
...Arisaemas
...Arums
...Begonias
...Bomareas
...Caladiums

...Clivias
...Colocasias
...Crinums
...Cyclamens
...Cyrtanthuses
...Eucharises
...Urceocharis
...Eurycles

...Freesias
...Gloxinias
...Haemanthus
...Hippeastrums

...Lachenalias
...Nerines
...Lycorises
...Pencratiums
...Hymenocallises
...Richardias
...Sprekelias
...Tuberoses
...Vallotas
...Watsonias
...Zephyranthes

...Plant Bedding in
......Spring

......Summer
...Bulb houseplants flowering inside House during:-
......January
......February
......March
......April
......May
......June
......July
......August
......September
......October
......November
......December
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
......Dec-Jan
......Feb-Mar
......Apr-May
......Jun-Aug
......Sep-Oct
......Nov-Dec
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection

Climber
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree

...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Shrub Heathers
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr

Fern *

Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
...P -Herbaceous
...RHS Wisley
...Flower Shape
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note
Poisonous
Wildflower Plants

Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

or
you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12
with its
Explanation of
Structure of this Website with

...User Guidelines
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos

or
these Foliage Colour Wheels structures, which I have done but until I can take the photos and I am certain of the plant label's validity, these may not progress much further
All Foliage 212

All Spring Foliage 212
All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212

or
Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-

There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 1

(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 2


(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3 (o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 3


(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 4


Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew

 

It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot91a1a1a1a1a1a

Closed Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot92a1a1a1a1a1a

Opening Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot93a1a1a1a1a1a

Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot94a1a1a1a1a1a

Older Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot95a1a1a1a1a1a

Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot96a1a1a1a1a1a

Mature Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot97a1a1a1a1a1a

Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot98a1a1a1a1a1a

Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries. So one might avoid disappointment if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!

FERN PLANTS GALLERY PAGES
Site Map for pages with photo content (o)

Fern Culture
from Sections 1-10 of Ferns and Fern Culture by J. Birkenhead, F.R.H.S.
Published by John Heywood in Manchester in
May, 1892 with
Rules for Fern Culture
followed by
Sections
1 Modes of Growth
2 Compost
3 Compost for various Genera, growing in pots, pans or baskets
4 Various Habits of Ferns
5 Various Modes of Cultivation
6 Light
7 Temperature
8 Ferns in Dwelling-Houses
9 Propagation (in Use in Brackish Water in Coastal District Page)

10 Selection of Ferns

with

British Ferns and their Allies comprising the Ferns, Club-mosses, Pepperworts and Horsetails by Thomas Moore, F.L.S, F.H.S., Etc. London George Routledge and Sons, Broadway, Ludgate Hill. Hardcover published in 1861 provides details on British Ferns

TYPE OF FERN TO GROW
....Aquatic
....Boston/ Fishbone/
Lace/ Sword

....Cloak/Lip/Hand
....Filmy and Crepe
....Lacy Ground
(o)Lady
....Maidenhair
(o)Miscellaneous
(o)Primitive/ Oddities
....Scrambling/ Umbrella/ Coral/ Pouch
....Selaginellas
(o)Shield/ Buckler/ Holly
....Squirrel/ Rabbit/ Hare's Foot

....Staghorn/ Elkhorn/ Epiphyte
....Tassel, Clubmoss
....The Brakes
....The Polypodies
(o)The Spleenworts
....The Tree Ferns
....Water/ Hard/ Rasp/ Chain

 

 

Where to see

UNITED STATES
San Antonio Botanical Garden.
San Diego Botanic Garden.
San Francisco Botanical Garden at Strybing Arboretum.
Sarah P. Duke Gardens.
Tyringham Cobble.
UNC at Charlotte Botanical Gardens.
University of California Botanical Garden at Berkeley.
USCS Arboretum.
Whitehall Historic Home and Garden.
Wild Gardens of Acadia.
Zilker Botanical Garden.

WALES
Aberglasney Gardens.
Dewstow Gardens.
Dyffryn Gardens.

USE OF FERN
(o)Cold-hardy
(o)From Lime-hating Soil
(o)From Limestone Soil
(o)Hanging Basket
(o)Indoor Decoration
(o)Outdoor Pot
(o)Terrariums
(o)Wet Soils
(o)Ground Cover
(o)Pendulous Fronds

 

Where to see

AUSTRALIA
Adelaide Botanic Garden.
Brisbane Botanic Garden.
Mount Lofty Botanic Garden.
Royal Botanic Garden, Melbourne.
Royal Botanic Garden, Sydney.

CANADA
Le Jardin Botanique de Montreal.
Les Jardins de Metis.
Van Dusen Botanical Garden.

ENGLAND
Biddulph Grange Garden.
Brodsworth Hall and Gardens.
Cambridge University Botanic Gardens.
Chelsea Physic Garden.
Harlow Carr Botanic Gardens.
RHS Garden Wisley.
Royal Botanic Gardens Kew.
Savill Gardens.
Sizergh Castle and Garden.
Southport Botanic Gardens.
Tatton Park.
Tremenheere Sculpture Gardens.
University of Oxford Botanic Garden.

FRANCE
Jardin Botanique de Lyon.
Parc Phoenix-Nice.

GERMANY
Arktisch-Alpiner Garten.
Botanischer Garten und Museum.
Flora und Botanischer Garten Koln.

IRELAND
Caher Bridge Garden.
Kells Bay Gardens.

NETHERLANDS
Hortus Botanicus Leiden.

SPORE COLOUR
Spore

BED PICTURES
Garden
 

Where to see

NEW ZEALAND
Franz Fernery at the Auckland Domain Park.
Pukeiti Rhododendron Trust Garden.
Pukekura Park.

SCOTLAND
Arduaine Garden.
Ascog Hall Gardens and Victorian Fernery.
Attadale Gardens.
Benmore Botanic Garden.
Glasgow Botanic Garden.
Inverewe Garden and Estate.
Linn Botanic Gardens.
Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh.

UNITED STATES
Atlanta Botanical Garden.
Balboa Park.
Barnes Foundation Arboretum.
Bartholomew's Cobble.
Bellevue Botanical Garden.
Berkshire Botanical Garden.
Bloedal Reserve.
Bok Tower Gardens.
Botanical Gardens at Asheville.
Bowman's Hill Wildflower Preserve.
Brooklyn Botanic Garden.
Cailfornia State Unversity at Sacramento.
Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies.
Chanticleer.
Chicago Botanic Garden.
Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens.
Crystal Springs Rhododendron Garden.
Dallas Arboretum and Botanical Garden.
Denver Botanic Gardens.
Elandan Gardens.
Elisabeth Carey Miller Botanical Garden.
Fairchild Tropical Botanical Garden.
Fern Canyon.
Ferndell Canyon in Griffith Park.
Fort Worth Botanic Garden.
Frelinghuysen Arboretum.
Garden in the Woods.
Garvan Woodland Gardens.
Ganna Walska Lotusland.
Georgeson Botanical Garden.
Georgia Perimeter College Botanical Gardens


All
Hardy Fern Foundation members have unlimited access to our spore exchange and can choose from a wide variety of ferns. Our resource pages include publications and books about ferns as well as
useful websites.

A Natural History of Britain's Ferns by Christopher N. Page. Published by William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd in 1988. ISBN 0 00 219382 5 (limpback edition) provides details of Coastal, Man-made Landscapes, Woodland, Wetland, Grassland and Rock Outcrops, Heath and Moorland, Lower Mountain Habitats, Upper Mountain Habitats and Atlantic Fringe Ferns.
I have provided a brief summary in the Ferns in Coastal District with associated plants and Ferns for Man-Made Landscapes with associated plants pages and provided you with the Chapter number for the others, since the information within this book is so comprehensive, that it would need to be completely copied to be of most use.

Tree Ferns by Mark F. Large & John E. Braggins. Published by Timber Press in 2004. ISBN 978-1-60469-176-4 is a scientifically accurate book dealing with Tree Fern species cultivated in the United States and the Pacific, but little known and rare tree ferns are also included.

The Observer's Book of Ferns, revised by Francis Rose, previous editions compiled by W.J.Stokoe. Published by Frederick Warne & Co. Ltd in 1965 provides a comprehensive guide to 45 British species of Ferns. It provides details of habitat and how to use those ferns.

The Plant Lover's Guide to Ferns by Richard Steffen & Sue Olsen. Published in 2015 by Timber Press, Inc. ISBN 978-1-60469-
474-1. It provides details on designing with ferns and details on 140 ferns for the garden in the USA.

Success with Indoor Ferns, edited by Lesley Young. Reprinted 1998. ISBN 1 85391 554 8. It details the care of indoor ferns with their position, choice and fern care.


See
Ferns in Britain and Ireland
or the

British Pteridological Society
for further details and photos.

Mail Order UK Fern Nursery
Shady Plants has ferns for
Vertical Fern Gardens and Companion Plants for growing with Ferns.

 

Where to see

UNITED STATES
Harry P. Leu Gardens.
Hawaii Tropical Botanical Garden.
Holden Arboretum.
Honolulu Botanical Gardens.
Huntington Botanical Gardens.
Huntsville-Madison County Botanical Garden.
Inniswood Metro Gardens.
Kruckeberg Botanic Garden.
Lakewold Gardens.
Leach Botanical Garden.
Leonard J. Buck Garden.
Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden.
Longwood Gardens.
Lyndhurst Gardens.
Marie Selby Botanical Gardens.
Matthaei Botanical Gardens.
Memphis Botanic Garden.
Mendocino Coast Botanical Gardens.
Mercer Arboretum and Botanic Gardens.
Michigan State University.
Missouri Botanical Garden.
Morris Arboretum of the University of Pennsylvania.
Mount Pisgah Arboretum.
Mt. Cuba Center.
National Tropical Botanical Garden.
New Jersey State Botanical Garden at Skyland.
New York Botanical Garden.
Norfolk Botanical Garden.
North Carolina Botanical Garden.
Olbrich Botanical Garden.
Phipps Conservatory and Botanical Gardens.
Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park.
Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden.
Rhododendron Species Botanical Garden.
Rotary Gardens.

 

 

 


TYPE OF FERN - Lady Ferns and their Allies - Page 1 of 2
"An attractive group of ferns which contains some very decorative species of delicate appearance. The Lady Fern itself (Athyrium filix-femina) has been responsible for hundreds of fancy-leaved cultivars.
Uses
Many species of this group are valued for their delicate and finely divided fronds. They mingle well with other ferns and can also be grown as garden plants in shady positions. A few species are amenable to cultivation in containers although generally ferns of this group have a stong root system. The unusual growth patterns in cultivars of Athyrium filix-femina add diversity to a fern collection.
Their Habitat, Cultivation, Soil Types, Potting Mix, Watering, Fertilizing, Situation, Pests and Propagation details are given in
Chapter 32 of The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1."

The following ferns come from that chapter:-
 

Fern

Foliage Colour and
Shape/ Division

Height x Spread in inches (cms)
(1 inch =
2.5 cms,
12 inches =
1 foot
12 inches =
30 cms,
24 inches =
2 feet,
3 feet =
1 yard,
40 inches = 100 cms)
 

Type of Fern to Grow

Use of Fern

Comments

Frond

Credit
is usually for Denver Botanic Gardens,
Wikimedia Commons,
Courtesy of Plant Delights Nursery @ Juniper Level Botanic Garden, Dana Kelley Bressette of Nativeplants PNW.com
or
Chris Garnons-Williams

Form

Allantodia australis

 

 

Lady Ferns and their Allies (Allantodia, Athyrium, Diplazium, Lunathyrium, Pseudo-cystopteris, Callipteris, Cornopteris, Cystopteris)

 

Propagation: See Instructions on right.

Suitable for

 

 

Propagation: For those without propagation by spores instructions; the following is suitable: "Keep a close eye upon the fronds, and when the spore cases begin to turn brown remove a frond or portions of it, and wrap them up in white paper, putting them in a closed box for a few days, when an abundance of spores for sowing will be available. Fill some pots with good loam, to within an inch (2.5 cms) of the top, using to drainage, and surface this with some finely broken and dusty crocks or bricks. Give a thorough watering, and when this has soaked away sow the spores as thinly as possible. Stand each pot in a saucer of water, cover it in a case or under a bell-glass where light is available, but where there is no direct sunshine. When the pots get covered with small green scales (prothallica), transplant some of the small tufts with a pointed peg into other pots filled with compost and surfaced with sandy soil. Saucers of water beneath the pots should be used to supply moisture." from Black's Gardening Dictionary. Edited by E.T. Ellis. Published by A & C. Black Ltd in 1928.

 

item1a14a

Allantodia squamigera

 

 

Lady Ferns and their Allies (Allantodia, Athyrium, Diplazium, Lunathyrium, Pseudo-cystopteris, Callipteris, Cornopteris, Cystopteris)

 

Propagation: See Instructions on right.

Suitable for

 

 

Propagation: For those without propagation by spores instructions; the following is suitable: "Keep a close eye upon the fronds, and when the spore cases begin to turn brown remove a frond or portions of it, and wrap them up in white paper, putting them in a closed box for a few days, when an abundance of spores for sowing will be available. Fill some pots with good loam, to within an inch (2.5 cms) of the top, using to drainage, and surface this with some finely broken and dusty crocks or bricks. Give a thorough watering, and when this has soaked away sow the spores as thinly as possible. Stand each pot in a saucer of water, cover it in a case or under a bell-glass where light is available, but where there is no direct sunshine. When the pots get covered with small green scales (prothallica), transplant some of the small tufts with a pointed peg into other pots filled with compost and surfaced with sandy soil. Saucers of water beneath the pots should be used to supply moisture." from Black's Gardening Dictionary. Edited by E.T. Ellis. Published by A & C. Black Ltd in 1928.

 

item1a1l1

Athyrium asplenioides
Southern Lady Fern

 

 

Lady Ferns and their Allies (Allantodia, Athyrium, Diplazium, Lunathyrium, Pseudo-cystopteris, Callipteris, Cornopteris, Cystopteris)

 

Propagation:
Stove species by spores sown in sandy peat at any time.
Greenhouse species by spores sown in sandy peat at any time.
Hardy species by spores when ripe, and division in April.
 

Suitable for

 

Foliage similar to Asplenium with which genus this is sometimes united. Stove, greenhouse and hardy ferns.
Culture of Stove Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould and sand. Pot March. Water freely in summer, moderately in winter. Temperature, stove species, Sep-Mar 60-70F (15-21C), Mar-Sep 70-80F (21-27C).
Culture of Greenhouse Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould and sand. Pot March. Water freely in summer, moderately in winter. Temperature, greenhouse, Sep-Mar 50-55F (10-13C), Mar-Sep 55-65F (13-18C).
Culture of Hardy Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, sand and old mortar rubble.
Position, old walls, rock gardens; moist shady borders for Lady Ferns.
 

 

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Athyrium deltoidofrons

溪边蹄盖蕨
xi bian ti gai jue

Fujian, Guizhou, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea].

Rhizomes short, erect, apex densely clothed with brownish, subulate lanceolate scales. Fronds caespitose; fertile fronds (35-) 45-75(-95) cm. Sori horseshoe-shaped, oblong, or J-shaped, 1-5 per segment (usually to 7 in basal acroscopic segments).

 

Lady Ferns and their Allies (Allantodia, Athyrium, Diplazium, Lunathyrium, Pseudo-cystopteris, Callipteris, Cornopteris, Cystopteris)

 

Propagation:
Stove species by spores sown in sandy peat at any time.
Greenhouse species by spores sown in sandy peat at any time.
Hardy species by spores when ripe, and division in April.
 

Suitable for

 

Foliage similar to Asplenium with which genus this is sometimes united. Stove, greenhouse and hardy ferns.
Culture of Stove Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould and sand. Pot March. Water freely in summer, moderately in winter. Temperature, stove species, Sep-Mar 60-70F (15-21C), Mar-Sep 70-80F (21-27C).
Culture of Greenhouse Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould and sand. Pot March. Water freely in summer, moderately in winter. Temperature, greenhouse, Sep-Mar 50-55F (10-13C), Mar-Sep 55-65F (13-18C).
Culture of Hardy Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, sand and old mortar rubble.
Position, old walls, rock gardens; moist shady borders for Lady Ferns.
 

Valleys, damp areas, streamsides, wet grasslands; 800-2000 m.

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Athyrium distentifolium
Alpine Lady Fern

 

 

Lady Ferns and their Allies (Allantodia, Athyrium, Diplazium, Lunathyrium, Pseudo-cystopteris, Callipteris, Cornopteris, Cystopteris)

 

Propagation:
Stove species by spores sown in sandy peat at any time.
Greenhouse species by spores sown in sandy peat at any time.
Hardy species by spores when ripe, and division in April.
 

Suitable for

 

Foliage similar to Asplenium with which genus this is sometimes united. Stove, greenhouse and hardy ferns.
Culture of Stove Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould and sand. Pot March. Water freely in summer, moderately in winter. Temperature, stove species, Sep-Mar 60-70F (15-21C), Mar-Sep 70-80F (21-27C).
Culture of Greenhouse Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould and sand. Pot March. Water freely in summer, moderately in winter. Temperature, greenhouse, Sep-Mar 50-55F (10-13C), Mar-Sep 55-65F (13-18C).
Culture of Hardy Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, sand and old mortar rubble.
Position, old walls, rock gardens; moist shady borders for Lady Ferns.
 

 

athyriumdistentifoliumpfruwikimediacommons

Athyrium distentifolium. By Jerzy Opioła, via Wikimedia Commons.

 

Deutsch: Gebirgs-Frauenfarn (Athyrium distentifolium, Woodsiaceae); Nufenenpass, Kanton Wallis, Schweiz.
English: Athyrium distentifolium (Woodsiaceae); Nufenenpass, Canton of Valais, Switzerland. Date: 2 August 2012. By MurielBendel, via Wikimedia Commons.

athyriumdistentifoliumpforwikimediacommons

Athyrium falcatum

 

 

Lady Ferns and their Allies (Allantodia, Athyrium, Diplazium, Lunathyrium, Pseudo-cystopteris, Callipteris, Cornopteris, Cystopteris)

 

Propagation:
Stove species by spores sown in sandy peat at any time.
Greenhouse species by spores sown in sandy peat at any time.
Hardy species by spores when ripe, and division in April.
 

Suitable for

 

Foliage similar to Asplenium with which genus this is sometimes united. Stove, greenhouse and hardy ferns.
Culture of Stove Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould and sand. Pot March. Water freely in summer, moderately in winter. Temperature, stove species, Sep-Mar 60-70F (15-21C), Mar-Sep 70-80F (21-27C).
Culture of Greenhouse Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould and sand. Pot March. Water freely in summer, moderately in winter. Temperature, greenhouse, Sep-Mar 50-55F (10-13C), Mar-Sep 55-65F (13-18C).
Culture of Hardy Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, sand and old mortar rubble.
Position, old walls, rock gardens; moist shady borders for Lady Ferns.
 

 

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Athyrium filix-femina
Lady Fern - Distributed throughout the British Isles wherever there is moisture. It may be met with in the swampy copse, the sheltered woodland valley, crowding the roadside drains, jutting out in luxuriant masses between the boulders of a waterfall, perched on a stone that divides the turbulent waters of a mountain torrent, down in the valley bottom or up some mountain-side. It is a species which varies considerably according to the situation and conditions in which it is growing.

The name filix-femina means literally Female Fern.

The new fronds make their appearance from the bare crowns of the rootstock in April or May, a large number rising simultaneously and unrolling with great rapidity. At this time they are clothed with red-brown scales, most of which fall off later. In the autumn or at the first touch of frost the entire frond turns yellow and wastes away.

 

Lady Ferns and their Allies (Allantodia, Athyrium, Diplazium, Lunathyrium, Pseudo-cystopteris, Callipteris, Cornopteris, Cystopteris)

 

Propagation:
Stove species by spores sown in sandy peat at any time.
Greenhouse species by spores sown in sandy peat at any time.
Hardy species by spores when ripe, and division in April.
 

Suitable for

 

Foliage similar to Asplenium with which genus this is sometimes united. Stove, greenhouse and hardy ferns.
Culture of Stove Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould and sand. Pot March. Water freely in summer, moderately in winter. Temperature, stove species, Sep-Mar 60-70F (15-21C), Mar-Sep 70-80F (21-27C).
Culture of Greenhouse Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould and sand. Pot March. Water freely in summer, moderately in winter. Temperature, greenhouse, Sep-Mar 50-55F (10-13C), Mar-Sep 55-65F (13-18C).
Culture of Hardy Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, sand and old mortar rubble.
Position, old walls, rock gardens; moist shady borders for Lady Ferns.
 

 

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Athyrium filix-femina
Lady Fern sori. Date: 24 July 2008. By homer edward price, via Wikimedia Commons.

Athyrium filix-femina taken in Coutances, Manche, Normandie. Date: April 2009. By Aroche, via Wikimedia Commons.

Español: Athyrium filix-femina hábito, Sierra Nevada, España.
English: Athyrium filix-femina habit, Sierra Nevada, Spain.
Date: 17 July 2010. By Javier martin, via Wikimedia Commons.

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Plant Delights Nursery sells
Athyrium filix-femina 'Frizelliae' ,
Athyrium filix-femina 'Lady in Red' and
Athyrium filix-femina 'Victoriae'

Athyrium filix-femina cultivars

 

 

Lady Ferns and their Allies (Allantodia, Athyrium, Diplazium, Lunathyrium, Pseudo-cystopteris, Callipteris, Cornopteris, Cystopteris)

 

Propagation:
Stove species by spores sown in sandy peat at any time.
Greenhouse species by spores sown in sandy peat at any time.
Hardy species by spores when ripe, and division in April.
 

Suitable for

 

Foliage similar to Asplenium with which genus this is sometimes united. Stove, greenhouse and hardy ferns.
Culture of Stove Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould and sand. Pot March. Water freely in summer, moderately in winter. Temperature, stove species, Sep-Mar 60-70F (15-21C), Mar-Sep 70-80F (21-27C).
Culture of Greenhouse Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould and sand. Pot March. Water freely in summer, moderately in winter. Temperature, greenhouse, Sep-Mar 50-55F (10-13C), Mar-Sep 55-65F (13-18C).
Culture of Hardy Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, sand and old mortar rubble.
Position, old walls, rock gardens; moist shady borders for Lady Ferns.
 

 

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Athyrium flexile

 

 

Lady Ferns and their Allies (Allantodia, Athyrium, Diplazium, Lunathyrium, Pseudo-cystopteris, Callipteris, Cornopteris, Cystopteris)

 

Propagation:
Stove species by spores sown in sandy peat at any time.
Greenhouse species by spores sown in sandy peat at any time.
Hardy species by spores when ripe, and division in April.
 

Suitable for

 

Foliage similar to Asplenium with which genus this is sometimes united. Stove, greenhouse and hardy ferns.
Culture of Stove Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould and sand. Pot March. Water freely in summer, moderately in winter. Temperature, stove species, Sep-Mar 60-70F (15-21C), Mar-Sep 70-80F (21-27C).
Culture of Greenhouse Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould and sand. Pot March. Water freely in summer, moderately in winter. Temperature, greenhouse, Sep-Mar 50-55F (10-13C), Mar-Sep 55-65F (13-18C).
Culture of Hardy Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, sand and old mortar rubble.
Position, old walls, rock gardens; moist shady borders for Lady Ferns.
 

 

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Athyrium frangulum

 

 

Lady Ferns and their Allies (Allantodia, Athyrium, Diplazium, Lunathyrium, Pseudo-cystopteris, Callipteris, Cornopteris, Cystopteris)

 

Propagation:
Stove species by spores sown in sandy peat at any time.
Greenhouse species by spores sown in sandy peat at any time.
Hardy species by spores when ripe, and division in April.
 

Suitable for

 

Foliage similar to Asplenium with which genus this is sometimes united. Stove, greenhouse and hardy ferns.
Culture of Stove Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould and sand. Pot March. Water freely in summer, moderately in winter. Temperature, stove species, Sep-Mar 60-70F (15-21C), Mar-Sep 70-80F (21-27C).
Culture of Greenhouse Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould and sand. Pot March. Water freely in summer, moderately in winter. Temperature, greenhouse, Sep-Mar 50-55F (10-13C), Mar-Sep 55-65F (13-18C).
Culture of Hardy Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, sand and old mortar rubble.
Position, old walls, rock gardens; moist shady borders for Lady Ferns.
 

 

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Athyrium niponicum var pictum
Japanese Painted Fern

 

 

Lady Ferns and their Allies (Allantodia, Athyrium, Diplazium, Lunathyrium, Pseudo-cystopteris, Callipteris, Cornopteris, Cystopteris)

 

Propagation:
Stove species by spores sown in sandy peat at any time.
Greenhouse species by spores sown in sandy peat at any time.
Hardy species by spores when ripe, and division in April.
 

Suitable for

 

Foliage similar to Asplenium with which genus this is sometimes united. Stove, greenhouse and hardy ferns.
Culture of Stove Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould and sand. Pot March. Water freely in summer, moderately in winter. Temperature, stove species, Sep-Mar 60-70F (15-21C), Mar-Sep 70-80F (21-27C).
Culture of Greenhouse Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould and sand. Pot March. Water freely in summer, moderately in winter. Temperature, greenhouse, Sep-Mar 50-55F (10-13C), Mar-Sep 55-65F (13-18C).
Culture of Hardy Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, sand and old mortar rubble.
Position, old walls, rock gardens; moist shady borders for Lady Ferns.
 

 

athyriumniponicumvarpictumpforwikimediacommons

Location taken: Behnke Nurseries, Potomac MD USA. Names: Athyrium niponicum var. pictum (Maxwell) Fraser-Jenk., Japanese Painted Fer Classification: Plantae > Pteridophyta > Polypodiopsida > Polypodiales > Woodsiaceae > Primuleae > Athyrium > Athyrium niponicum var. pictum. Date: 12 April 2006. By David J. Stang, via Wikimedia Commons.
 

Athyrium otophorum (Asplenium otophorum ; Athyrium erythrocaulon ; A. rigescens ;
A. sinovidalii ;
A. vidalii Nakai var. chinense ;
A. violascens ; Diplazium otophorum )

Asian Lady Fern

光蹄盖蕨
guang ti gai jue

Anhui, Chongqing, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea].

Rhizomes short, ascending, apex densely clothed with brown or blackish brown, linear-lanceolate, fibriform-tipped scales. Fronds caespitose; fertile fronds 45-70(-85) cm; stipe blackish brown, upward slightly purplish red, (15-)25-35 cm, 2.5-3 mm in diam., base densely clothed with scales.
Sori oblong or shortly linear, 3-5 pairs per pinnule, inframedial; indusia brownish, oblong or shortly linear, membranous, entire, persistent.

 

Lady Ferns and their Allies (Allantodia, Athyrium, Diplazium, Lunathyrium, Pseudo-cystopteris, Callipteris, Cornopteris, Cystopteris)

 

Propagation:
Stove species by spores sown in sandy peat at any time.
Greenhouse species by spores sown in sandy peat at any time.
Hardy species by spores when ripe, and division in April.
 

Suitable for

 

Foliage similar to Asplenium with which genus this is sometimes united. Stove, greenhouse and hardy ferns.
Culture of Stove Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould and sand. Pot March. Water freely in summer, moderately in winter. Temperature, stove species, Sep-Mar 60-70F (15-21C), Mar-Sep 70-80F (21-27C).
Culture of Greenhouse Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould and sand. Pot March. Water freely in summer, moderately in winter. Temperature, greenhouse, Sep-Mar 50-55F (10-13C), Mar-Sep 55-65F (13-18C).
Culture of Hardy Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, sand and old mortar rubble.
Position, old walls, rock gardens; moist shady borders for Lady Ferns.
 

Evergreen broad-leaved forests, bamboo forests, wet areas; 400-1400(-3000) m.

This lovely 2' wide (24 inches = 60 cms), deer-resistant evergreen fern is so unique that it is actually recognizable from a distance in the USA. The triangular, plastic-like, pewter-green fronds are accented with dark reddish stipes (stems). When the new growth emerges, the contrast of the unfurling, reddish new foliage is dynamite against the green of the fronds...outstanding as a specimen plant in the woodland garden!
USDA Zones 6a to 9b, at least. 18 inches (45 cms) tall in Part Sun to Light Shade.
Plant Delights Nursery also sells Athyrium otophorum 'Okanum'.

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Athyrium otophorum in Auckland Botanic Gardens, Manurewa, South Auckland, New Zealand. Date: 11 November 2017. By Krzysztof Golik, via Wikimedia Commons.
 

Athyrium pycnocarpum
American Glade Fern

 

 

Lady Ferns and their Allies (Allantodia, Athyrium, Diplazium, Lunathyrium, Pseudo-cystopteris, Callipteris, Cornopteris, Cystopteris)

 

Propagation:
Stove species by spores sown in sandy peat at any time.
Greenhouse species by spores sown in sandy peat at any time.
Hardy species by spores when ripe, and division in April.
 

Suitable for

 

Foliage similar to Asplenium with which genus this is sometimes united. Stove, greenhouse and hardy ferns.
Culture of Stove Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould and sand. Pot March. Water freely in summer, moderately in winter. Temperature, stove species, Sep-Mar 60-70F (15-21C), Mar-Sep 70-80F (21-27C).
Culture of Greenhouse Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould and sand. Pot March. Water freely in summer, moderately in winter. Temperature, greenhouse, Sep-Mar 50-55F (10-13C), Mar-Sep 55-65F (13-18C).
Culture of Hardy Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, sand and old mortar rubble.
Position, old walls, rock gardens; moist shady borders for Lady Ferns.
 

 

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Athyrium umbrosum

 

 

Lady Ferns and their Allies (Allantodia, Athyrium, Diplazium, Lunathyrium, Pseudo-cystopteris, Callipteris, Cornopteris, Cystopteris)

 

Propagation:
Stove species by spores sown in sandy peat at any time.
Greenhouse species by spores sown in sandy peat at any time.
Hardy species by spores when ripe, and division in April.
 

Suitable for

 

Foliage similar to Asplenium with which genus this is sometimes united. Stove, greenhouse and hardy ferns.
Culture of Stove Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould and sand. Pot March. Water freely in summer, moderately in winter. Temperature, stove species, Sep-Mar 60-70F (15-21C), Mar-Sep 70-80F (21-27C).
Culture of Greenhouse Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould and sand. Pot March. Water freely in summer, moderately in winter. Temperature, greenhouse, Sep-Mar 50-55F (10-13C), Mar-Sep 55-65F (13-18C).
Culture of Hardy Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, sand and old mortar rubble.
Position, old walls, rock gardens; moist shady borders for Lady Ferns.
 

 

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Diplazium asperum (Allantodia aspera Asplenium asperum ; Athyrium asperum ; Diplazium polypodioides ; Microstegia aspera)

粗糙双盖蕨
cu cao shuang gai jue

Hainan, Taiwan (Taidong), SE and SW Yunnan [Cambodia, S India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam].

Plants evergreen, large. Rhizome erect, black-brown, robust, trunklike, apex densely scaly; scales brown, linear or linear-lanceolate, up to 2 cm, thickly membranous, margin toothed, with narrow black band; fronds caespitose. Fertile fronds up to 4 m; stipe brown at base, upward dark stramineous or light brown, robust, up to 2 m, up to 2 cm in diam., base densely scaly.
Sori linear or suboblong, up to ca. 10 pairs per pinnule lobe, often single or double on basal acroscopic veinlets, costal-inframedial, from costule to 1/2 of veinlet length or longer, often contiguous when mature.

 

Lady Ferns and their Allies (Allantodia, Athyrium, Diplazium, Lunathyrium, Pseudo-cystopteris, Callipteris, Cornopteris, Cystopteris)

 

Propagation: See Instructions on right.

Suitable for

Tropical mountain valleys, rain forests, beside streamlets; 300-1200 m.

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Diplazium asperum. Illustration from Flora of China. It may be cited as 'eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org [accessed 1 May 2019]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.

Propagation: For those without propagation by spores instructions; the following is suitable: "Keep a close eye upon the fronds, and when the spore cases begin to turn brown remove a frond or portions of it, and wrap them up in white paper, putting them in a closed box for a few days, when an abundance of spores for sowing will be available. Fill some pots with good loam, to within an inch (2.5 cms) of the top, using to drainage, and surface this with some finely broken and dusty crocks or bricks. Give a thorough watering, and when this has soaked away sow the spores as thinly as possible. Stand each pot in a saucer of water, cover it in a case or under a bell-glass where light is available, but where there is no direct sunshine. When the pots get covered with small green scales (prothallica), transplant some of the small tufts with a pointed peg into other pots filled with compost and surfaced with sandy soil. Saucers of water beneath the pots should be used to supply moisture." from Black's Gardening Dictionary. Edited by E.T. Ellis. Published by A & C. Black Ltd in 1928.
 

Diplazium assimile

 

 

Lady Ferns and their Allies (Allantodia, Athyrium, Diplazium, Lunathyrium, Pseudo-cystopteris, Callipteris, Cornopteris, Cystopteris)

 

Propagation: See Instructions on right.

Suitable for

Usually in wet sclerophyll or rain-forest habitats, occasionally in drier habitats.

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Diplazium assimile - Photographed at the Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney (Australia) in December.
English: This photo is from Gardenology.org and is available under CC-BY-SA 3.0 license. Date: 28 December 2010. By Raffi Kojian, via Wikimedia Commons.
Propagation: For those without propagation by spores instructions; the following is suitable: "Keep a close eye upon the fronds, and when the spore cases begin to turn brown remove a frond or portions of it, and wrap them up in white paper, putting them in a closed box for a few days, when an abundance of spores for sowing will be available. Fill some pots with good loam, to within an inch (2.5 cms) of the top, using to drainage, and surface this with some finely broken and dusty crocks or bricks. Give a thorough watering, and when this has soaked away sow the spores as thinly as possible. Stand each pot in a saucer of water, cover it in a case or under a bell-glass where light is available, but where there is no direct sunshine. When the pots get covered with small green scales (prothallica), transplant some of the small tufts with a pointed peg into other pots filled with compost and surfaced with sandy soil. Saucers of water beneath the pots should be used to supply moisture." from Black's Gardening Dictionary. Edited by E.T. Ellis. Published by A & C. Black Ltd in 1928.

Diplazium cordifolium

 

 

Lady Ferns and their Allies (Allantodia, Athyrium, Diplazium, Lunathyrium, Pseudo-cystopteris, Callipteris, Cornopteris, Cystopteris)

 

Propagation: See Instructions on right.

Suitable for

 

 

Propagation: For those without propagation by spores instructions; the following is suitable: "Keep a close eye upon the fronds, and when the spore cases begin to turn brown remove a frond or portions of it, and wrap them up in white paper, putting them in a closed box for a few days, when an abundance of spores for sowing will be available. Fill some pots with good loam, to within an inch (2.5 cms) of the top, using to drainage, and surface this with some finely broken and dusty crocks or bricks. Give a thorough watering, and when this has soaked away sow the spores as thinly as possible. Stand each pot in a saucer of water, cover it in a case or under a bell-glass where light is available, but where there is no direct sunshine. When the pots get covered with small green scales (prothallica), transplant some of the small tufts with a pointed peg into other pots filled with compost and surfaced with sandy soil. Saucers of water beneath the pots should be used to supply moisture." from Black's Gardening Dictionary. Edited by E.T. Ellis. Published by A & C. Black Ltd in 1928.

 

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Diplazium crenatum

 

 

Lady Ferns and their Allies (Allantodia, Athyrium, Diplazium, Lunathyrium, Pseudo-cystopteris, Callipteris, Cornopteris, Cystopteris)

 

Propagation: See Instructions on right.

Suitable for

 

 

Propagation: For those without propagation by spores instructions; the following is suitable: "Keep a close eye upon the fronds, and when the spore cases begin to turn brown remove a frond or portions of it, and wrap them up in white paper, putting them in a closed box for a few days, when an abundance of spores for sowing will be available. Fill some pots with good loam, to within an inch (2.5 cms) of the top, using to drainage, and surface this with some finely broken and dusty crocks or bricks. Give a thorough watering, and when this has soaked away sow the spores as thinly as possible. Stand each pot in a saucer of water, cover it in a case or under a bell-glass where light is available, but where there is no direct sunshine. When the pots get covered with small green scales (prothallica), transplant some of the small tufts with a pointed peg into other pots filled with compost and surfaced with sandy soil. Saucers of water beneath the pots should be used to supply moisture." from Black's Gardening Dictionary. Edited by E.T. Ellis. Published by A & C. Black Ltd in 1928.

 

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Diplazium dietrichianum

 

 

Lady Ferns and their Allies (Allantodia, Athyrium, Diplazium, Lunathyrium, Pseudo-cystopteris, Callipteris, Cornopteris, Cystopteris)

 

Propagation: See Instructions on right.

Suitable for

A fern of perpetually damp shady situations.

diplaziumdietrichianumpforwikimediacommons

Diplazium dietrichianum at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney. Date: 15 June 2010. By Poyt448 Peter Woodard, via Wikimedia Commons.
Propagation: For those without propagation by spores instructions; the following is suitable: "Keep a close eye upon the fronds, and when the spore cases begin to turn brown remove a frond or portions of it, and wrap them up in white paper, putting them in a closed box for a few days, when an abundance of spores for sowing will be available. Fill some pots with good loam, to within an inch (2.5 cms) of the top, using to drainage, and surface this with some finely broken and dusty crocks or bricks. Give a thorough watering, and when this has soaked away sow the spores as thinly as possible. Stand each pot in a saucer of water, cover it in a case or under a bell-glass where light is available, but where there is no direct sunshine. When the pots get covered with small green scales (prothallica), transplant some of the small tufts with a pointed peg into other pots filled with compost and surfaced with sandy soil. Saucers of water beneath the pots should be used to supply moisture." from Black's Gardening Dictionary. Edited by E.T. Ellis. Published by A & C. Black Ltd in 1928.

Diplazium dilatum (Allantodia crinipes ;
A. dilatata ;
A. veitchii ;
A. yaoshanica ; Asplenium dilatatum ;
A. latifolium ; Athyrium dilatatum ; Diplazium crinipes ;
D. latifolium ;
D. veitchii ;
D. yaoshanicum)

毛柄双盖蕨
mao bing shuang gai jue

Chongqing, S Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, E and S Guizhou, Hainan, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, S Zhejiang [India, Indonesia, S Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam; tropical Australia, Pacific islands (Polynesia)].

Plants evergreen, large. Rhizome creeping to ascending or erect, erect trunk up to 50 cm tall, up to 10 cm in diam., apex densely scaly; scales dark brown or yellow-brown, linear-lanceolate or linear, margin black and toothed, apex long curly; fronds sparse or caespitose. Fertile frond up to 3 m.
Sori linear, up to 7 pairs per pinnule lobe, most single, few double, inframedial from costa to 1/2 length of veinlet.

 

Lady Ferns and their Allies (Allantodia, Athyrium, Diplazium, Lunathyrium, Pseudo-cystopteris, Callipteris, Cornopteris, Cystopteris)

 

Propagation: See Instructions on right.

Suitable for

Wet broad-leaved forests in tropical mountains; 100-1900 m.

diplaziumdilatumpforwikimediacommons

Diplazium dilatum - Photographed at the Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney (Australia) in January. This photo is from Gardenology.org and is available under CC-BY-SA 3.0 license. By Raffi Kojian via Wikimedia Commons.
Propagation: For those without propagation by spores instructions; the following is suitable: "Keep a close eye upon the fronds, and when the spore cases begin to turn brown remove a frond or portions of it, and wrap them up in white paper, putting them in a closed box for a few days, when an abundance of spores for sowing will be available. Fill some pots with good loam, to within an inch (2.5 cms) of the top, using to drainage, and surface this with some finely broken and dusty crocks or bricks. Give a thorough watering, and when this has soaked away sow the spores as thinly as possible. Stand each pot in a saucer of water, cover it in a case or under a bell-glass where light is available, but where there is no direct sunshine. When the pots get covered with small green scales (prothallica), transplant some of the small tufts with a pointed peg into other pots filled with compost and surfaced with sandy soil. Saucers of water beneath the pots should be used to supply moisture." from Black's Gardening Dictionary. Edited by E.T. Ellis. Published by A & C. Black Ltd in 1928.

Diplazium esculentum
Edible Fern/ Vegetable Fern

食用双盖蕨
shi yong shuang gai jue

Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [tropical Asia, subtropical and tropical Polynesia].

Rhizome erect, up to 15 cm tall, densely scaly; scales brown, narrowly lanceolate, ca. 10 × 1 mm, thin, toothed at margin; fronds caespitose. Fertile fronds 60-120 cm; stipe brown-stramineous, 50-60 cm, 3-5 mm in diam. at base, sparsely scaly, upward glabrous or hairy. Sori mostly linear, slightly curved, from near midribs to laminar margin; indusia yellow-brown, linear, membranous, entire. Spore surface with large granular or tuberculate projections.

 

Lady Ferns and their Allies (Allantodia, Athyrium, Diplazium, Lunathyrium, Pseudo-cystopteris, Callipteris, Cornopteris, Cystopteris)

 

Propagation: See Instructions on right.

Suitable for

Valley forests, beside brooks or streamlets; 100-1200 m.

diplaziumesculentumpfruwikimediacommons

Propagation: For those without propagation by spores instructions; the following is suitable: "Keep a close eye upon the fronds, and when the spore cases begin to turn brown remove a frond or portions of it, and wrap them up in white paper, putting them in a closed box for a few days, when an abundance of spores for sowing will be available. Fill some pots with good loam, to within an inch (2.5 cms) of the top, using to drainage, and surface this with some finely broken and dusty crocks or bricks. Give a thorough watering, and when this has soaked away sow the spores as thinly as possible. Stand each pot in a saucer of water, cover it in a case or under a bell-glass where light is available, but where there is no direct sunshine. When the pots get covered with small green scales (prothallica), transplant some of the small tufts with a pointed peg into other pots filled with compost and surfaced with sandy soil. Saucers of water beneath the pots should be used to supply moisture." from Black's Gardening Dictionary. Edited by E.T. Ellis. Published by A & C. Black Ltd in 1928.

Diplazium esculentum (Paca, hoio, pohole).
Frond underside with sori at Garden of Eden Keanae, Maui, Hawaii. March 30, 2011. By Forest and Kim Starr, via Wikimedia Commons.

Diplazium esculentum (Paca, hoio, pohole).
Habit at Wells Park Wailuku, Maui, Hawaii. October 21, 2009. By Forest and Kim Starr, via Wikimedia Commons.

diplaziumesculentumpforwikimediacommons

Diplazium melanochlamys

 

 

Lady Ferns and their Allies (Allantodia, Athyrium, Diplazium, Lunathyrium, Pseudo-cystopteris, Callipteris, Cornopteris, Cystopteris)

 

Propagation: See Instructions on right.

Suitable for

Confined to Lord Howe Island, from sea level to the ummits of Mt Gower and Mt Lidgbird where it is a common terrestrial fern, developing a small trunk to about half a metre (20 inches) in height.

diplaziummelanochlamyspforwikimediacommons

Diplazium melanochlamys - Photographed at the Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney (Australia) in January. This photo is from Gardenology.org and is available under CC-BY-SA 3.0 license. By Raffi Kojian, via Wikimedia Commons.
Propagation: For those without propagation by spores instructions; the following is suitable: "Keep a close eye upon the fronds, and when the spore cases begin to turn brown remove a frond or portions of it, and wrap them up in white paper, putting them in a closed box for a few days, when an abundance of spores for sowing will be available. Fill some pots with good loam, to within an inch (2.5 cms) of the top, using to drainage, and surface this with some finely broken and dusty crocks or bricks. Give a thorough watering, and when this has soaked away sow the spores as thinly as possible. Stand each pot in a saucer of water, cover it in a case or under a bell-glass where light is available, but where there is no direct sunshine. When the pots get covered with small green scales (prothallica), transplant some of the small tufts with a pointed peg into other pots filled with compost and surfaced with sandy soil. Saucers of water beneath the pots should be used to supply moisture." from Black's Gardening Dictionary. Edited by E.T. Ellis. Published by A & C. Black Ltd in 1928.

Diplazium pallidum

 

 

Lady Ferns and their Allies (Allantodia, Athyrium, Diplazium, Lunathyrium, Pseudo-cystopteris, Callipteris, Cornopteris, Cystopteris)

 

Propagation: See Instructions on right.

Suitable for

 

 

Propagation: For those without propagation by spores instructions; the following is suitable: "Keep a close eye upon the fronds, and when the spore cases begin to turn brown remove a frond or portions of it, and wrap them up in white paper, putting them in a closed box for a few days, when an abundance of spores for sowing will be available. Fill some pots with good loam, to within an inch (2.5 cms) of the top, using to drainage, and surface this with some finely broken and dusty crocks or bricks. Give a thorough watering, and when this has soaked away sow the spores as thinly as possible. Stand each pot in a saucer of water, cover it in a case or under a bell-glass where light is available, but where there is no direct sunshine. When the pots get covered with small green scales (prothallica), transplant some of the small tufts with a pointed peg into other pots filled with compost and surfaced with sandy soil. Saucers of water beneath the pots should be used to supply moisture." from Black's Gardening Dictionary. Edited by E.T. Ellis. Published by A & C. Black Ltd in 1928.

 

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Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

If you grow and sell ferns in any country, please tell me so that I can put them on this website and inform others where they can be bought online via mail-order.

If you would provide photos and fern details to be only used by me on this website, they would be gratefully received, since I could assume that the photo was a valid one in regard to its name of fern in its filename to that fern in the photo.

 

Site design and content copyright ©January 2009.
Page structure amended December 2012.
Gallery structure changed November 2018.
Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

 

Fern Grower's Manual by Barbara Joe Hoshizaki & Robbin C. Moran. Revised and Expanded Edition. Published in 2001 by Timber Press, Inc. Reprinted 2002, 2006. ISBN-13:978-0-88192-495-4.
"This book is mainly written for people seriously interested in growing ferns, knowing their names and what makes them similar or different, and appreciating their diversity. It is not a coffee-table book, nor a chatty type of garden book meant for light reading. Beginning fern amateurs may find more information than they need, but they will also find information useful at their level. Although this book primarily is a reference, it is also for browsing and gleaning bits of information not readily found elsewhere.
The core information in this book will be particularly helpful to plant people who want to grow or identify different ferns and fern allies." from the Preface to the above book.

 

 

USE OF FERN WITH PHOTOS
using information from Fern Grower's Manual by Barbara Joe Hoshizaki & Robbin C. Moran and
The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1


Outdoor Use in
Northeastern United States
Zones 3-6
Southeastern United States Zones 6-8
Southern Florida and Hawaii Zones 10-11
Central United States Zones 3-6
Northwestern United States Zones 5-8 with some Zone 9
Southwestern United States Zones 6-9
Coastal Central and Southern California Zones 9-10

Accent
Aquatic 1, 2

Basket 1,
Ferns for Hanging Baskets 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Ferns for Hanging Baskets with Pendulous Fronds or weeping Growth Habit 7, 8

Bog or Wet-Soil 1,
Ferns for Wet Soils 2, 3
Border and Foundation 1, 2
Grow in Coastal Region
Cold-hardy Ferns 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Colour in Fern Fronds 1, 2, 3, 4
Conservatory (Stove House) or Heated Greenhouse 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Drier Soil 1, 2, 3, 4
Grows on Rock (epilithic) 1, 2
Borne on Leaf (epiphyllous) 1, 2
Grows on another Plant (epiphyte) 1, 2
Evergreen and Deciduous
Fronds in Floral Decorations

Ferns for Acid Soil 1,
Lime-hating (Calcifluges) 2, 3, 4, 5

Ferns for Basic or Limestone Soil 1,
Ferns Found on Limestone or Basic Soils (Calciphiles) 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

Ferns for Ground Cover 1,
Ground Cover Ferns 2, 3, 4, 5
Ferns of the Atlantic Fringe with associated plants (1 - Atlantic Cliff-top Grassland, Ledges and Rough Slopes; 2 - Clay Coasts and Dunes of South-East Ireland; 3 - Limestones of Western Atlantic Coasts; 4 - Hebridean Machair; 5 - Horsetail Flushes, Ditches and Stream Margins; 6 - Water Margin Osmunda Habitats; 7 - Western, Low-lying, Wet, Acid Woodlands; 8 - Western, Oak and Oak-Birch Woodlands and Ravines, in the UK and Ireland)
Ferns in Coastal District with associated plants
(Hard Rock Cliffs, Soft Rock Cliffs, Clay Coasts, or Coastal Sand-Dunes in the UK)
Ferns of Grasslands and Rock Outcrops (Grasslands; Rocks, Quarries and Mines in the UK)
Ferns of Heath and Moorland with associated plants (1 - Bracken Heath; 2 - Ferns of Moist Heathland Slopes and Margins of Rills and Streams; 3 - Heathland Horsetails, 4 - Heathland Clubmosses, in the UK)
Ferns of Lower Mountain Habitats with associated plants (1 - Upland Slopes and Screes; 2 - Base-rich, Upland Springs and Flushes; 3 - Base-rich, Upland, Streamside Sands and Gravels; 4 - Juniper Shrub Woodland, in the UK)
Ferns for Man-Made Landscapes with associated plants (South-western Hedgebanks, Hedgerows and Ditches, Walls and Stonework, Water Mills and Wells, Lime Kilns and abandoned Lime-Workings, Pit heaps and Shale Bings, Canals, Railways and Their Environs in the UK)
Ferns of Upper Mountain Habitats with associated plants (1 - High Mountain, Basic Cliffs and Ledges; 2 - High, Cliff Gullies; 3 - High Mountain Corries, Snow Patches and Fern beds; 4 - Ridges, Plateaux and High Summits, in the UK)
Ferns for Wetlands with associated plants (1- Ponds, Flooded Mineral Workings and Wet Heathland Hollows; 2 - Lakes and Reservoirs; 3 - Fens; 4 - Ferns of the Norfolk Broads' Fens; 5 - Willow Epiphytes in the UK)
Ferns in Woodland with associated plants (1 - Dry, Lowland, Deciduous Woodland; 2 - Inland, Limestone, Valley Woodland; 3 - Base-rich Clay, Valley Woodland; 4 - Basic, Spring-fed Woodland; 5 - Ravine Woodland on Mixed Rock-types; 6 - Native Pine Forest in the UK)

Ferns in Hedges or Hedgebanks

Outdoor Containers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Rapidly Growing Fern 1, 2
Resurrection Fern
Rock Garden and Wall Ferns 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Shade Tolerant 1, 2, 3, 4
Slowly Growing Fern
Sun Tolerant 1, 2, 3, 4
House Fern in Trough Garden 1,
Fern Suitable for
Indoor Decoration 2
, 3, 4, 5, 6
House Fern in Terrarium, Wardian Case or
Bottle Garden 1,

Ferns suitable for Terrariums, Wardian Cases 2, 3, 4,
5, 6

Grow in Woodlands 1, 2, 3, 4
 

TYPE OF FERN TO GROW WITH PHOTOS
using information from
Fern Grower's Manual by Barbara Joe Hoshizaki & Robbin C. Moran and
The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1


Aquatic Ferns (Azolla, Ceratopteris, Marsilea, Pilularia, Regnellidium, Salvinia)

Boston ferns (Nephrolepis exaltata), Fishbone ferns (Nephrolepis cordifolia), Lace ferns and Sword ferns

Cloak, Lip, Hand Ferns and their Hardy Relatives (Bommeria, Cheilanthes, Doryopteris, Gymnopteris, Hemionitis, Notholaena, Paraceterach, Pellae, Pleurosorus, Quercifilix) 1,
2, 3


Davallia Ferns (Araiostegia, Davallia, Davallodes, Gymno-grammitis, Humata, Leucostegia, Scyphularia, Trogostolon) 1, 2

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes) 1, 2

Filmy and Crepe Ferns (Hymenophyllum, Trichomanes, Leptopteris) 1, 2

Lacy Ground Ferns (Culcita, Dennstaedtia, Histiopteris, Hypolepis, Leptolepia, Microlepia, Paesia, Pteridium) 1, 2

Lady Ferns and Their Allies (Allantodia, Athyrium, Diplazium, Lunathyrium, Pseudo-cystopteris, Callipteris, Cornopteris, Cystopteris) 1, 2

Maidenhair Ferns (Adiantum) 1, 2

Miscellaneous Ferns (Acrostichum, Actiniopteris, Anemia, Anogramma, Anopteris, Blotiella, Bolbitis, Christella, Coniogramma, Cryptogramma, Ctenitis, Cyclosorus, Didymochlaena, Dipteris, Elaphoglossum, Equisetum, Gymnocarpium, Llavea, Lonchitis, Lygodium, Macrothelypteris, Oeontrichia, Oleandra, Onoclea, Onychium, Oreopteris, Parathelypteris, Phegopteris, Photinopteris, Pityrogramma, Pneumatopteris, Psilotum, Stenochlaena, Thelypteris, Vittaria)
1
, 2, 3, 4 including Fern Allies of Equisetum and Psilotum or Whisk Ferns


Polypodium Ferns and Relatives (Anarthropteris, Belvisia, Campyloneurum, Colysis, Crypsinus, Dictymia, Gonphlebium, Lecanopteris, Lemmaphyllum, Lexogramme, Microgramma, Microsorum, Niphidium, Phlebodium, Phymatosurus, Pleopeltis, Polypodium, Pyrrosia, Selliguea) 1, 2, 3

Primitive Ferns and Fern Oddities (Angiopteris, Botrychium, Christensenia, Danaea, Helminthostachys, Marattia, Ophioglossum, Osmunda and Todea)

Scrambling, Umbrella, Coral and Pouch Ferns (Dicranopteris, Diploptergium, Gleichenia, Sticherus)

Shield, Buckler, Holly Ferns and their Relatives (Arachniodes, Cyrtomium, Dryopteris, Lastreopsis, Matteuccia, Polystichum, Rumohra, Tectaria and Woodsia) 1, 2, 3, 4

Spleenworts Ferns (Asplenium) 1, 2, 3

Staghorns, Elkhorns and other large epiphytes (Aglaomorpha, Drynaria, Merinthosorus, Platycerium, Pseudodrynaria) 1, 2

Fern Allies - Tassel Ferns and Clubmosses (Lycopodium)

The Brakes (Pteris) 1, 2

Tree Fern
s (Cibotium, Cnemidaria, Cyathea, Dicksonia, Nephelea and Trichipteris) 1, 2

Water, Hard, Rasp and Chain Ferns (Blechnum, Doodia, Woodwardia, Sadleria) 1, 2

Xerophytic Ferns (Actinopteris, Astrolepis, Cheilanthes, Doryopteris, Notholaena, Pellaea, Pityrogramma) 1, 2