Ivydene Gardens Fern Plants Gallery:
Lady Ferns and their Allies Type of Ferns to Grow (thumbnails followed by cultivation)


Fern Height from Text Border
 


Blue =
0-24 inches
(0-60 cms)
 


Green=
24-72 inches
(60-180 cms)


Red =
72+ inches
(180+ cms)


Fern Soil Moisture from Text Background
 


Wet Soil
 


Moist Soil
 


Dry Soil
 


Click on
thumbnail to change page to the Fern Description Page of the Fern named in the Text box below that photo.
The Comments Row of that Fern Description Page details where that Fern is available from.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

athyriumcfroniponicumpictum

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ACID. Athyrium nipon-icum pictum FULL SHADE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

athyriumcfrofilixfemina

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ACID. Athyrium filix-femina


PART SHADE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lady Ferns and their Allies

From The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1:-

"Genera Allantodia, Athyrium, Callipteris, Cornopteris, Cystopteris, Diplazium, Lunathyrium and Pseudocystopteris are an attractive group of ferns which contain some very decorative species of delicate appearance including the Lady Fern itself (Athyrium filix-femina).

Habitat
Ferns of this group are invariably terrestrials and are mostly shade lovers. They are found in temperate and tropical regions, although they are most abundant in the tropics.

Cultivation

Uses
Many species of this group are valued for their delicate and finely divided fronds. They mingle well with other ferns and can also be grown as garden plants in shady positions. A few species are amenable to cultivation in containers.

Soil Types
Most of these ferns appreciate humus and well-drained organically rich loams with regular applications of organic mulch to the soil surface. Species such as Diplazium dilatatum and Diplazium dietrichianum will grow in wet to boggy soils providing the water is not stagnant. Most species need an acid soil; a few, such as Lunathyrium japonicum, appreciate the addition of lime.

Potting Mix
An open mix based on well-structured loam and fortified with peat moss or milled pine bark is usually suitable. Many ferns of this group have a very strong root system and quickly outgrow a container. Such species are best planted in the ground otherwise their appearance suffers because of the confined root system.

Watering
This group generally like moist conditions and appreciate plenty of water, especially during periods of hot or dry weather. They also respond to water sprayed onto their foliage during such weather. Their fronds quickly become tattered if the plants dry out at the roots or are exposed to dry buffeting winds.

Fertilizing
These ferns are strong growers. Blood and bone, well-rotted animal manure (Cow manure contains no weed seeds since the cows have eaten the food 4 times) and compost should be applied during the spring or summer. Slow-release fertilisers can be added to a potting mix and/or the plants supplemented with applications of liquid fertiliser.

Situation
Most ferns in this group are shade lovers. They will tolerate brief exposure to direct sun or filtered sun, but they are readily damaged by over-exposure. A few species will tolerate nearly full sun (Callipteris prolifera, Diplazium dietrichianum, Lunathyrium japonicum), but need plenty of moisture around their roots. The tropical species are generally very sensitive to cold, and frosts in particular.

Pests
Young fronds of most species are eagerly attacked by slugs and snails. Grubs may be a problem on those with finely divided fronds and aphids may congregate on croziers and uncurling fronds (See Pest Control in companion planting)."

Use of fern

Ground Cover Ferns

From Appendix 5 of The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1:-

The following are either relatively small species with a spreading growth habit or are climbing ferns. All can act as a ground-cover and are useful for planting among shrubs or larger ferns. Those marked with + may die out in shady conditions. Those marked * have a strongly creeping habit.

Species

Region

Adiantum diaphanum Adiantum- Flora of North America

Temperate-Tropical

Adiantum caudatum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Adiantum edgeworthii

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Adiantum formosum

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Adiantum philippense

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Adiantum venustum

Temperate

Ampelopteris prolifera*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium oligophlebium Asplenium - Wikipedia

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Asplenium prolongatum

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Asplenium rhizophyllum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium ruprechtii

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium tripteropus

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Blechnum amabile Blechnum - Wikipedia

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Blechnum andinum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Blechnum asperum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Blechnum attenuatum*

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Blechnum asplenoides

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Blechnum penna-marina

Temperate

Blechnum glandulosum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Blechnum occidentale+

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Blechnum oceanicum*

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Blechnum stoloniferum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Bolbitis heteroclia form

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Colysis hemionitidea+

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Cheilanthes austrotenuifolia+
Cheilanthes - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Cheilanthes distans+

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Davallia bullata+ Davallia - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Davallia tasmanii+

Temperate

Davallia trichomanoides+

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Doodia aspera Doodia - Wikipedia

Tropical-Temperate

Doodia media

Tropical-Temperate

Gymnocarpium dryopteris
Gymnocarpium - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Hypolepis sparsisora+

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Lastreopsis munita Lastreopsis - Wikipedia

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Microsorum diversifolium

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Pyrrosia confluens+

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Pyrrosia hastata+

Semi-Tropical

Pyrrosia lingua+

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Pyrrosia rupestris+

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Pyrrosia serpens+

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Selaginella australiensis Selaginella - Wikipedia

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Selaginella brisbanensis

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Selaginella emmelliana

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Selaginella flabellata

Tropical

Selaginella helvetica

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Selaginella kraussiana and cultivars

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Selaginella longipinna

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Selaginella martensii

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Selaginella mollis

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Selaginella nipponica

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Selaginella plumosa

Tropical

Selaginella serpens

Semi-Tropical

Selaginella sibirica

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Selaginella substipitata

Semi-Tropical

Selaginella umbrosa

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Selaginella uncinita

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Stenochlaena palustris* Stenochlaena - Wikipedia

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Stenochlaena tenuifolia*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Teratophyllum brightiae*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

 

Ferns with Pendulous Fronds or Weeping Growth Habit

From Appendix 4 of The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1:-

These ferns make choice specimens for container or basket culture. Thet are presented as a separate group because growers often wish to select weeping ferns for this type of container. For other basket ferns see Ferns for Hanging Baskets.

Species

Region

Adiantum caudatum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Adiantum edgeworthii

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Adiantum malesianum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Adiantum philippense

Tropical

Adiantum zollingeri

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Anetium citrifolium

Tropical

Asplenium affine

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium cuneatum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium flaccidum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium glaucophyllum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium harpeoides

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium laserpitiifolium

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium mucronatum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium pellucidum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium polyodon

Tropical-Temperate

Asplenium robustum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Campyloneurum angustifolium

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Drynaria rigidula

Tropical-Temperate

Drynaria rigidula 'Vidgenii'

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Drynaria rigidula 'Whitei'

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Eriosorus hispidulus

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Goniophlebium persicifolium

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Goniophlebium persicifolium subauriculatum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Goniophlebium persicifolium subauriculatum 'Knightiae'

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Goniophlebium persicifolium verrucosum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Lycopodium aqualupianum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Lycopodium aqualupianum billardieri

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Lycopodium aqualupianum carinatum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Lycopodium aqualupianum dalhousieanum

Tropical

Lycopodium aqualupianum dichotomum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Lycopodium aqualupianum linifolium

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Lycopodium aqualupianum magnificum

Tropical

Lycopodium aqualupianum mexicanum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Lycopodium aqualupianum nummularifolium

Tropical

Lycopodium aqualupianum orizabae

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Lycopodium aqualupianum polytrichoides

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Lycopodium aqualupianum pringlei

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Lycopodium aqualupianum proliferum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Lycopodium aqualupianum squarrosum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Lycopodium aqualupianum taxifolium

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Lycopodium aqualupianum tenuicaule

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Lycopodium aqualupianum verticillatum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Nephrolepis exaltata

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Nephrolepis exaltata 'Robusta'

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Nephrolepis exaltata falcata

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Nephrolepis exaltata occidentalis

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Nephrolepis exaltata pendula

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Nephrolepis exaltata rivularis

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Ophioglossum pendulum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Pneumatopteris laevis

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Psilotum complanatum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Selaginella martensii

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Vittaria dimorpha

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Vittaria dimorpha elongata

Tropical-Temperate

Vittaria dimorpha ensiformis

Tropical-Temperate

Vittaria dimorpha graminifolia

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Vittaria dimorpha lineata

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Vittaria dimorpha scolopendrina

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

 

Topic
Case Studies
...Drive
...Foundations

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants
...in Chalk (Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Lime-Free (Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Light Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape

Bulb with its 7 Flower Colours per Month Comparison Pages
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia

...Gladiolus
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......Eur Non-classified
......American A
......American B
......American C
......American D
......American E
......American F
......American G
......American H
......American I
......American J
......American K
......American L
......American M
......American N
......American O
......American P
......American Q
......American R
......American S
......American T
......American U
......American V
......American W
......American XYZ
......Ame Non-classified
......Australia - empty
......India

......Lithuania

...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil



Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs
...Aconitum
...Allium
...Alstroemeria
...Anemone

...Amaryllis
...Anthericum
...Antholyzas
...Apios
...Arisaema
...Arum
...Asphodeline

...Asphodelus
...Belamcanda
...Bloomeria
...Brodiaea
...Bulbocodium

...Calochorti
...Cyclobothrias
...Camassia
...Colchicum
...Convallaria 
...Forcing Lily of the Valley
...Corydalis
...Crinum
...Crosmia
...Montbretia
...Crocus

...Cyclamen
...Dicentra
...Dierama
...Eranthis
...Eremurus
...Erythrnium
...Eucomis

...Fritillaria
...Funkia
...Galanthus
...Galtonia
...Gladiolus
...Hemerocallis

...Hyacinth
...Hyacinths in Pots
...Scilla
...Puschkinia
...Chionodoxa
...Chionoscilla
...Muscari

...Iris
...Kniphofia
...Lapeyrousia
...Leucojum

...Lilium
...Lilium in Pots
...Malvastrum
...Merendera
...Milla
...Narcissus
...Narcissi in Pots

...Ornithogalum
...Oxalis
...Paeonia
...Ranunculus
...Romulea
...Sanguinaria
...Sternbergia
...Schizostylis
...Tecophilaea
...Trillium

...Tulip
...Zephyranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs
...Acidanthera
...Albuca
...Alstroemeri
...Andro-stephium
...Bassers
...Boussing-aultias
...Bravoas
...Cypellas
...Dahlias
...Galaxis,
...Geissorhizas
...Hesperanthas

...Gladioli
...Ixias
...Sparaxises
...Babianas
...Morphixias
...Tritonias

...Ixiolirions
...Moraeas
...Ornithogalums
...Oxalises
...Phaedra-nassas
...Pancratiums
...Tigridias
...Zephyranthes
...Cooperias


Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Greenhouse or Stove:-
...Achimenes
...Alocasias
...Amorpho-phalluses
...Arisaemas
...Arums
...Begonias
...Bomareas
...Caladiums

...Clivias
...Colocasias
...Crinums
...Cyclamens
...Cyrtanthuses
...Eucharises
...Urceocharis
...Eurycles

...Freesias
...Gloxinias
...Haemanthus
...Hippeastrums

...Lachenalias
...Nerines
...Lycorises
...Pencratiums
...Hymenocallises
...Richardias
...Sprekelias
...Tuberoses
...Vallotas
...Watsonias
...Zephyranthes

...Plant Bedding in
......Spring

......Summer
...Bulb houseplants flowering inside House during:-
......January
......February
......March
......April
......May
......June
......July
......August
......September
......October
......November
......December
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
......Dec-Jan
......Feb-Mar
......Apr-May
......Jun-Aug
......Sep-Oct
......Nov-Dec
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection

Climber
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree

...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Shrub Heathers
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr

Fern *

Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
...P -Herbaceous
...RHS Wisley
...Flower Shape
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note
Poisonous
Wildflower Plants

Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

or
you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12
with its
Explanation of
Structure of this Website with

...User Guidelines
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos

or
these Foliage Colour Wheels structures, which I have done but until I can take the photos and I am certain of the plant label's validity, these may not progress much further
All Foliage 212

All Spring Foliage 212
All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212

or
Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-

There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 1

(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 2


(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3 (o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 3


(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 4


Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew

 

It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot91a1a1a1a1a1a

Closed Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot92a1a1a1a1a1a

Opening Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot93a1a1a1a1a1a

Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot94a1a1a1a1a1a

Older Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot95a1a1a1a1a1a

Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot96a1a1a1a1a1a

Mature Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot97a1a1a1a1a1a

Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot98a1a1a1a1a1a

Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries. So one might avoid disappointment if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!

FERN PLANTS GALLERY PAGES
Site Map for pages with photo content (o)

Fern Culture
from Sections 1-10 of Ferns and Fern Culture by J. Birkenhead, F.R.H.S.
Published by John Heywood in Manchester in
May, 1892 with
Rules for Fern Culture
followed by
Sections
1 Modes of Growth
2 Compost
3 Compost for various Genera, growing in pots, pans or baskets
4 Various Habits of Ferns
5 Various Modes of Cultivation
6 Light
7 Temperature
8 Ferns in Dwelling-Houses
9 Propagation (in Use in Brackish Water in Coastal District Page)

10 Selection of Ferns

with

British Ferns and their Allies comprising the Ferns, Club-mosses, Pepperworts and Horsetails by Thomas Moore, F.L.S, F.H.S., Etc. London George Routledge and Sons, Broadway, Ludgate Hill. Hardcover published in 1861 provides details on British Ferns

 

SPORE COLOUR
Spore

BED PICTURES
Garden

TYPE OF FERN TO GROW
....Aquatic
....Boston/ Fishbone/
Lace/ Sword

....Cloak/Lip/Hand
....Filmy and Crepe
....Lacy Ground
(o)Lady
....Maidenhair
(o)Miscellaneous
(o)Primitive/ Oddities
....Scrambling/ Umbrella/ Coral/ Pouch
....Selaginellas
(o)Shield/ Buckler/ Holly
....Squirrel/ Rabbit/ Hare's Foot

....Staghorn/ Elkhorn/ Epiphyte
....Tassel, Clubmoss
....The Brakes
....The Polypodies
(o)The Spleenworts
....The Tree Ferns
....Water/ Hard/ Rasp/ Chain

USE OF FERN
(o)Cold-hardy
(o)From Lime-hating Soil
(o)From Limestone Soil
(o)Hanging Basket
(o)Indoor Decoration
(o)Outdoor Pot
(o)Terrariums
(o)Wet Soils
(o)Ground Cover
(o)Pendulous Fronds
 

All Hardy Fern Foundation members have unlimited access to our spore exchange and can choose from a wide variety of ferns. Our resource pages include publications and books about ferns as well as useful websites.

See
Ferns in Britain and Ireland
or the

British Pteridological Society
for further details and photos.

Mail Order UK Fern Nursery
Shady Plants has ferns for
Vertical Fern Gardens and Companion Plants for growing with Ferns.

TYPE OF FERN TO GROW WITH PHOTOS
using information from
Fern Grower's Manual by Barbara Joe Hoshizaki & Robbin C. Moran and
The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1


Aquatic Ferns (Azolla, Ceratopteris, Marsilea, Pilularia, Regnellidium, Salvinia)

Boston ferns (Nephrolepis exaltata), Fishbone ferns (Nephrolepis cordifolia), Lace ferns and Sword ferns

Cloak, Lip, Hand Ferns and their Hardy Relatives (Bommeria, Cheilanthes, Doryopteris, Gymnopteris, Hemionitis, Notholaena, Paraceterach, Pellae, Pleurosorus, Quercifilix) 1, 2

Davallia Ferns (Araiostegia, Davallia, Davallodes, Gymno-grammitis, Humata, Leucostegia, Scyphularia, Trogostolon) 1, 2

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes)

Filmy and Crepe Ferns (Hymenophyllum, Trichomanes, Leptopteris) 1, 2

Lacy Ground Ferns (Culcita, Dennstaedtia, Histiopteris, Hypolepis, Leptolepia, Microlepia, Paesia, Pteridium)

Lady Ferns and Their Allies (Allantodia, Athyrium, Diplazium, Lunathyrium, Pseudo-cystopteris, Callipteris, Cornopteris, Cystopteris) 1, 2

Maidenhair Ferns (Adiantum) 1, 2

Miscellaneous Ferns (Acrostichum, Actiniopteris, Anemia, Anogramma, Anopteris, Blotiella, Bolbitis, Christella, Coniogramma, Cryptogramma, Ctenitis, Cyclosorus, Didymochlaena, Dipteris, Elaphoglossum, Equisetum, Gymnocarpium, Llavea, Lonchitis, Lygodium, Macrothelypteris, Oentrichia, Oleandra, Onoclea, Onychium, Oreopteris, Parathelypteris, Phegopteris, Photinopteris, Pityrogramma, Pneumatopteris, Psilotum, Stenochlaena, Thelypteris, Vittaria) 1, 2, 3 including Fern Allies of Equisetum and Psilotum or Whisk Ferns

Polypodium Ferns and Relatives (Anarthropteris, Belvisia, Campyloneurum, Colysis, Crypsinus, Dictymia, Gonphlebium, Lecanopteris, Lemmaphyllum, Lexogramme, Microgramma, Microsorum, Niphidium, Phlebodium, Phymatosurus, Pleopeltis, Polypodium, Pyrrosia, Selliguea) 1, 2, 3

Primitive Ferns and Fern Oddities (Angiopteris, Botrychium, Christensenia, Danaea, Helminthostachys, Marattia, Ophioglossum, Osmunda and Todea)

Scrambling, Umbrella, Coral and Pouch Ferns (Dicranopteris, Diploptergium, Gleichenia, Sticherus)

Shield, Buckler, Holly Ferns and their Relatives (Arachniodes, Cyrtomium, Dryopteris, Lastreopsis, Matteuccia, Polystichum, Rumohra, Tectaria and Woodsia) 1, 2, 3

Spleenworts Ferns (Asplenium) 1, 2

Staghorns, Elkhorns and other large epiphytes (Aglaomorpha, Drynaria, Merinthosorus, Platycerium, Pseudodrynaria) 1, 2

Fern Allies - Tassel Ferns and Clubmosses (Lycopodium)

The Brakes (Pteris) 1, 2

Tree Fern
s (Cibotium, Cnemidaria, Cyathea, Dicksonia, Nephelea and Trichipteris) 1, 2

Water, Hard, Rasp and Chain Ferns (Blechnum, Doodia, Woodwardia, Sadleria) 1, 2

Xerophytic Ferns (Actinopteris, Astrolepis, Cheilanthes, Doryopteris, Notholaena, Pellaea, Pityrogramma)
 

USE OF FERN WITH PHOTOS
using information from Fern Grower's Manual by Barbara Joe Hoshizaki & Robbin C. Moran and
The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1


Outdoor Use in
Northeastern United States
Zones 3-6
Southeastern United States Zones 6-8
Southern Florida and Hawaii Zones 10-11
Central United States Zones 3-6
Northwestern United States Zones 5-8 with some Zone 9
Southwestern United States Zones 6-9
Coastal Central and Southern California Zones 9-10

Accent
Aquatic 1, 2

Basket 1,
Ferns for Hanging Baskets 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Ferns for Hanging Baskets with Pendulous Fronds or weeping Growth Habit 7, 8

Bog or Wet-Soil 1,
Ferns for Wet Soils 2, 3

Border and Foundation
Cold-hardy Ferns 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Colour in Fern Fronds
Conservatory (Stove House) or Heated Greenhouse 1, 2
Drier Soil
Evergreen and Deciduous
Fronds in Floral Decorations

Ferns for Acid Soil 1,
Lime-hating (Calcifluges) 2

Ferns for Basic or Limestone Soil 1,
Ferns Found on Limestone or Basic Soils (Calciphiles) 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Ferns for Ground Cover 1,
Ground Cover Ferns 2, 3

Ferns of the Atlantic Fringe with associated plants (1 - Atlantic Cliff-top Grassland, Ledges and Rough Slopes; 2 - Clay Coasts and Dunes of South-East Ireland; 3 - Limestones of Western Atlantic Coasts; 4 - Hebridean Machair; 5 - Horsetail Flushes, Ditches and Stream Margins; 6 - Water Margin Osmunda Habitats; 7 - Western, Low-lying, Wet, Acid Woodlands; 8 - Western, Oak and Oak-Birch Woodlands and Ravines, in the UK and Ireland)
Ferns in Coastal District with associated plants
(Hard Rock Cliffs, Soft Rock Cliffs, Clay Coasts, or Coastal Sand-Dunes in the UK)
Ferns of Grasslands and Rock Outcrops (Grasslands; Rocks, Quarries and Mines in the UK)
Ferns of Heath and Moorland with associated plants (1 - Bracken Heath; 2 - Ferns of Moist Heathland Slopes and Margins of Rills and Streams; 3 - Heathland Horsetails, 4 - Heathland Clubmosses, in the UK)
Ferns of Lower Mountain Habitats with associated plants (1 - Upland Slopes and Screes; 2 - Base-rich, Upland Springs and Flushes; 3 - Base-rich, Upland, Streamside Sands and Gravels; 4 - Juniper Shrub Woodland, in the UK)
Ferns for Man-Made Landscapes with associated plants (South-western Hedgebanks, Hedgerows and Ditches, Walls and Stonework, Water Mills and Wells, Lime Kilns and abandoned Lime-Workings, Pit heaps and Shale Bings, Canals, Railways and Their Environs in the UK)
Ferns of Upper Mountain Habitats with associated plants (1 - High Mountain, Basic Cliffs and Ledges; 2 - High, Cliff Gullies; 3 - High Mountain Corries, Snow Patches and Fern beds; 4 - Ridges, Plateaux and High Summits, in the UK)
Ferns for Wetlands with associated plants (1- Ponds, Flooded Mineral Workings and Wet Heathland Hollows; 2 - Lakes and Reservoirs; 3 - Fens; 4 - Ferns of the Norfolk Broads' Fens; 5 - Willow Epiphytes in the UK)
Ferns in Woodland with associated plants (1 - Dry, Lowland, Deciduous Woodland; 2 - Inland, Limestone, Valley Woodland; 3 - Base-rich Clay, Valley Woodland; 4 - Basic, Spring-fed Woodland; 5 - Ravine Woodland on Mixed Rock-types; 6 - Native Pine Forest in the UK)


Ferns in Hedges or Hedgebanks

Outdoor Containers 1, 2, 3, 4

Rapidly Growing Fern 1, 2
Rock Garden and Wall Ferns 1, 2
Shade Tolerant

Slowly Growing Fern
Sun Tolerant 1, 2

House Fern in Trough Garden 1,
Fern Suitable for
Indoor Decoration 2
, 3, 4

House Fern in Terrarium or
Bottle Garden 1,

Ferns suitable for Terrariums 2, 3, 4
 

Grow in Woodlands
 

Fern

Foliage Colour and
Shape/ Division

 

Frond

Height x Spread in inches (cms)
(1 inch =
2.5 cms,
12 inches =
1 foot
12 inches =
30 cms,
24 inches =
2 feet,
3 feet =
1 yard,
40 inches = 100 cms)
 

Type of Fern to Grow

 

Foliage

Use of Fern

Comments

 

Form

Asplenium ceterach
(Syn. Ceterach officinarum)

Rusty-back Fern, Scale Fern.

Yellow-green, leathery and the underside is densely clothed with silvery brown scales

6 x 8
(15 x 20)

The Spleenworts.

Suitable for Terrariums

Ferns found on Limestone or Basic Soils (Calciphiles)

A dwarf fern which grows in rock crevices and frequently naturalizes the mortar in old walls. It is very drought resistant so that it can be grown in a small pot with moist-dry, basic potting mix or in a limestone rock garden.

aspleniumfroceterach231264a

aspleniumfolceterach231264a

aspleniumforceterach231264a

Asplenium scolopendrium
(Syn. Phyllitis scolopendrium)

Hart's Tongue Fern, Scollies

Irregular, shuttle-cock-like crowns of strap-shaped, leathery, glossy, bright green fronds

18 x 24
(45 x 60)

The Spleenworts.

Cold-Hardy Ferns

Ferns found on Limestone or Basic Soils (Calciphiles)

Plants are excellent for pot culture in a lime fortified mix or in a rock garden where they appreciate an annual topdressing of lime.

See Hartstongue in the Wildflower Gallery.

aspleniumpfroscolopendrium1

aspleniumpfoljuvscolopendrium1
Juvenile Foliage

aspleniumpforscolopendrium1

Asplenium scolopendrium 'Cristatum'

Cultivar of Hart's Tongue, Scollies

The glossy mid green fronds divide many times and each division ends in a spreading crest

24 x 30
(60 x 75)

The Spleenworts.

Cold-Hardy Ferns

Ferns found on Limestone or Basic Soils (Calciphiles)

This is perfect for a shady woodland edge, shrub or mixed border. For the best results plant with bold swathes of shade tolerant perennials in humus-rich, well-drained, preferably alkaline soil.

aspleniumpfroscolopendriumcristatum1

aspleniumpfolscolopendriumcristatum1

aspleniumpforscolopendriumcristatum1

Athyrium filix-femina

Lady Fern is a Native UK Plant.

Lance-shaped pinnatified light green fronds

36 x 24
(90 x 60)

Lady Ferns and their Allies

Ferns suitable for Outdoor Containers

Ferns for Wet Soils

Cold-Hardy Ferns

This deciduous lady fern is a Missouri native that typically occurs in wooded valleys along streams, on rich wooded slopes and on floors of ravines. Light green, finely-divided fronds grow up to 3' (90 cms) long.
Grow in a shady border or damp woodland by a stream or pond.

athyriumpfrofilixfemina1

 

Other photos and detailed description from Missouri Botanical Garden

athyriumpforfilixfemina1

Athyrium niponicum var. pictum

Japanese Painted Fern is one of the most popular cultivated ferns.

Midribs of the leaflets and the base are pink emphasised by the pale grey, tinged with blue and pink banding through the central area of the fronds

12 x indefinite
(30 x indefinite)

Lady Ferns and their Allies

Cold-Hardy Ferns

Beautiful deciduous ground cover for shade with its delicately coloured new fronds, which are of a soft metallic grey colour suffused with reddish or bluish hues. Plants are very cold-hardy, withstanding quite heavy frosts. They can also be grown in subtropical regions.
Grow in a shady border, damp woodland by a stream or pond, or in cool greenhouse or conservatory.

athyriumpfroniponicumpictum1

athyriumpfolniponicumpictum1

athyriumpforniponicumpictum1

Cyrtomium falcatum

Japanese Holly Fern

Spreading, glossy, leathery dark green fronds have holly-like pinnae

24 x 18
(60 x 45)

Shielder Ferns, Buckler Ferns, Holly Ferns and their Relatives

Suitable for Indoor Decoration
Ferns for Hanging Baskets
Ferns suitable for Outdoor Containers
Cold-Hardy Ferns
Ferns found on Limestone or Basic Soils (Calciphiles)

Plants are hardy, long-lived and succeed equally well in containers or in the ground. A variety of positions from shade to full sun can be suitable. It is also a useful indoor fern.
The perfect fern for that cold, well-lit entryway where nothing else will seem to grow and where your ficus is constantly dropping leaves.

crytomiumpfrofalcatum1

crytomiumpfolfalcatum1

crytomiumpforfalcatum1

Dryopteris cycadina

Shaggy Shield Fern

Shuttlecock of lance-shaped, pinnate, bright green fronds with green midribs

24 x 18
(60 x 45)

Shielder Ferns, Buckler Ferns, Holly Ferns and their Relatives

Cold-Hardy Ferns

Another stunning evergreen fern from Japan and a must for the Japanese garden. Fronds have long stems and the tips look like elephants trunks as they unfurl. Leaves are fresh green when young, turning a robust dark green in a couple of weeks, stipes have some black scales which contrast well with the foliage.
The foliage looks effective with herbaceous plants in a shrub bed.

dryopterispfrocycadina1Frond showing the long slender black scales which clothe the stipes and underside of the rachises

dryopterispfol1cycadina1Foliage showing the long slender black scales which clothe the stipes and underside of the rachises

dryopterispforcycadina1

Dryopteris erythrosora

Autumn Fern, Buckler Fern

Copper-red juvenile fronds turning to slightly shiny dark green fronds

24 x 12
(60 x 30)

Shielder Ferns, Buckler Ferns, Holly Ferns and their Relatives

Cold-Hardy Ferns

Easy Fern to grow and it will succeed in situations from deep shade to partial sun together with a range of soils providing the drainage is adequate.
One of our recommended plants, it needs plenty of moisture and contrasts beautifully with evergreen ferns and other woodland plants.

dryopterispfroerythrosora1

dryopterispfol3juverythrosora1
Juvenile coppery foliage

dryopterispfol2juverythrosora1
Young Coppery Juvenile Foliage with the other more mature Juvenile Foliage

Dryopteris filix-mas

See Male Fern from the Wildflower Gallery.

Light Green lance-shaped fronds and brownish-scaled stems.

36 x 36
(90 x 90)

Shielder Ferns, Buckler Ferns, Holly Ferns and their Relatives

Suitable for Indoor Decoration

Ferns suitable for Outdoor Containers

Cold-Hardy Ferns

Native British Isles Plant. Easy to cultivate. Plants cease growth in the autumn before producing a vigorous flush of new fronds in the spring.
Widespread but not common, in woods and shady places, generally in more lowland places or richer soils than Scaly Male Fern, but also found among rocks on mountains.

dryopterispfro2filixmas1

dryopterispfol1filixmas1

dryopterispfor1filixmas1

Dryopteris wallichiana

Wallich's Wood Fern

Shuttlecock of lance-shaped, 2-pinnate dark green fronds that are yellow-green when juvenile. Midribs are covered with dark brown or black scales giving a good colour contrast in the spring

36 x 30
(90 x 75)

Shielder Ferns, Buckler Ferns, Holly Ferns and their Relatives

Use at back of shrub border.
In its native state, this is a fern of the high mountains growing beneath the shelter of shrubs and trees.

Snowdrops are perfect partners. As the snowdrop foliage fades, the croziers obligingly unfurl and cover any unsightly leaves. The pale-blue Muscari armeniacum 'Valerie Finnis' and miniature daffodils can be added to this planting scheme. May-flowering single tulips, including the lily-flowered 'White Triumphator' and the green-and-white viridiflora 'Spring Green', will flower as the leaves unfold.
Other good companions include the ivies Hedera helix 'Ivalace' and 'Spetchley'; the early-flowering periwinkle Vinca difformis 'Jenny Pym', plus other shade-tolerant ferns. The herbaceous summer-flowering Potentilla 'Gibson's Scarlet' and the red-berried shrub Viburnum opulus 'Compactum', will provide good green leaves and add splashes of red.

dryopterispfro1wallichiana1

dryopterispfol1wallichiana1Juvenile Foliage with dark Brown Scales

dryopterispfor1wallichiana1

Matteuccia struthiopteris
(Syn. Matteuccia pennsylvanica)
Ostrich Fern, Shuttlecock Fern

Mid Green pinnate fronds taper at both ends and grow in a vase-like cluster around the robust rootstock.
Each cluster eventually develops a small trunk.

66 x 36
(165 x 90)

Shielder Ferns, Buckler Ferns, Holly Ferns and their Relatives

Ferns found on Limestone or Basic Soils (Calciphiles)

Grow in moist shade in a woodland garden, a damp border or at the edge of a pond.
Great at the front of the border, in containers or as ground cover under deciduous trees.

matteucciapfrostruthiopteris1

matteucciapfro1struthiopteris1Frond detail

matteucciapfolstruthiopteris1Foliage

Onoclea sensibilis

Sensitive Fern

Upright, then arching, lance-shaped or triangular, pinnate, pale green sterile fronds.

24 x indefinite
(60 x indefinite)

Miscellaneous Ferns

Suitable for Indoor Decoration

Ferns suitable for Outdoor Containers

Ferns for Wet Soils

Cold-Hardy Ferns

Open swamps, thickets, marshes, or low woods, in sunny or shaded locations, often forming thick stands from sea level to elevations of 1500 metres.
A coarse weedy fern commonly found in wet soils where it may form spreading colonies. Plants grow very easily in a pot or moist garden situation. In wet soils, the plants will stand considerable exposure to sun.
Thrives at the edge of water or in a damp shady border.

onocleapfrosensibilis1

onocleapfolsensibilis1

 

Osmunda regalis

Royal Fern, Flowering Fern

A fibrous rootstock bears dense clumps of triangular-ovate-pinnate, bright green sterile fronds. In summer, partially fertile fronds, to 6 feet long, have tassel-like tips, with brown or rust-coloured sporangia covering the much smaller pinnae.

72 x 144
(180 x 360)

Primitive Ferns and Fern Oddities

Ferns suitable for Outdoor Containers

Ferns for Wet Soils

Cold-Hardy Ferns

Grow in a damp border, or at the margins of a pond or stream.
This deciduous fern forms a natural, rounded shape and looks fantastic planted near a pond or stream, where its feathery fronds will be reflected in the water. It likes damp, preferably acid soil, and looks breathtaking with other moisture-loving, large foliage plants such as rodgersia and gunnera.

osmundapfroregalis1

osmundapfolregalis1

osmundapforregalis1

Polystichum polyblepharum

Japanese Tassel Fern

Shuttlecocks of spreading lance-shaped 2-pinnate shiny dark green fronds covered with golden hairs when they unfurl.

30 x 36
(75 x 90)

Shielder Ferns, Buckler Ferns, Holly Ferns and their Relatives

Cold-Hardy Ferns

Grow in a Rock Garden or well-drained border in the shade.
Newly emerging croziers are covered in scales and, as they develop, the tips fold backwards to make the 'tassels' of the Tassel Fern. As the fronds age they turn a glossy deep green and are beautifully presented in a slightly recurved rosette, like a soft light-reflecting mirror in a shady spot. Given a deep, rich and moist soil this can grow to enormous proportions - exceptionally to 120cm. New growth is early so protect from late frosts.

polystichumpfropolyblepharum1

polystichumpfolpolyblepharum1

polystichumpforpolyblepharum1

Polystichum proliferum

Mother Shield Fern

Flushes of new fronds are covered with brown scales before turning into light green fronds

24 x 18
(60 x 45)

Shielder Ferns, Buckler Ferns, Holly Ferns and their Relatives

Ferns suitable for Outdoor Containers

Cold-Hardy Ferns

Plants grow easily in a shady, moist situation and are also useful in a large pot.
This fern grows in colonies. The fronds develop plantlets near the end, which take root while still attached.
Habitat is moist to wet forests in montane areas.

polystichumpfroproliferum1

polystichumpfoljuvproliferum1
Juvenile Foliage covered with Brown Scales

polystichumpfolproliferum1 Foliage

Polystichum setiferum

Soft Shield Fern

Graceful arching green fronds that droop at the tips as they unfurl showing lighter coloured undersides.

48 x 36
(120 x 90)

Shielder Ferns, Buckler Ferns, Holly Ferns and their Relatives

Ferns suitable for Outdoor Containers

Cold-Hardy Ferns

Grow in a rock garden or well-drained border.
Polystichum setiferum is perfect for semi-shade in good soil that doesn't become waterlogged yet still stays moist. These are ideal conditions for most evergreen ferns.

polystichumpfrosetiferum1

polystichumpfolsetiferum1

polystichumpforsetiferum1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

See
Ferns in Britain and Ireland
or the

British Pteridological Society
for further details and photos.

Mail Order UK Fern Nursery
Shady Plants has ferns for
Vertical Fern Gardens and Companion Plants for growing with Ferns.

 

If you grow and sell ferns, please tell me so that I can put them on this website and inform others where they can be bought online via mail-order.

 

Site design and content copyright ©January 2009.
Page structure amended December 2012.
Gallery structure changed November 2018.
Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

Use of Fern

 

Cold-Hardy Ferns

From Appendix 8 of The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1:-

The following ferns will succeed very well in temperate regions. Those marked with an * are very hardy to frosts or snow and so are suitable for the British Isles.

Adiantum aethiopicum* Adiantum- Flora of North America

Adiantum capillus-junonis. Care of Adiantum (Maidenhair) Ferns

Adiantum capillus-veneris*

Adiantum diaphanum

Adiantum formosum

Adiantum hispidulum

Adiantum pedatum*

Adiantum raddianum

Adiantum venustum*

Allantodia australis

Allantodia squamigera

Arachniodes aristata

Arachniodes simplicior

Arachniodes standishii

Asplenium adiantum-nigrum* Asplenium - Wikipedia

Asplenium australasicum

Asplenium bulbiferum*

Asplenium fissum*

Asplenium flabellifolium

Asplenium flaccidum

Asplenium fontanum*

Asplenium hookerianum*

Asplenium marinum

Asplenium oblongifolium

Asplenium platyneuron

Asplenium richardii

Asplenium ruta-muraria

Asplenium sarelii

Asplenium scleroprium

Asplenium scolopendrium and cultivars

Asplenium septentrionale*

Asplenium trichomanes*

Asplenium viride*

Athyrium asplenoides Athyrium - Wikipedia

Athyrium brevifrons

Athyrium deltoidofrons

Athyrium distentifolium

Athyrium filix-femina and cultivars

Athyrium flexile

Athyrium niponicum var pictum

Athyrium otophorum

Athyrium spinulosum

Blechnum capense Blechnum - Wikipedia

Blechnum chilense

Blechnum discolor*

Blechnum fluviatile*

Blechnum lanceolatum

Blechnum magellanicum

Blechnum minus*

Blechnum nudum*

Blechnum patersonii

Blechnum penna-marina*

Blechnum procerum*

Blechnum spicant*

Blechnum tabulare*

Blechnum vulcanicum*

Cheilanthes austrotenuifolia*
Cheilanthes - Wikipedia

Cheilanthes distans

Cheilanthes gracillima

Coniogramme japonica

Cornopteris crenulatoserrulatum

Cryptogramma crispa*

Culcita dubia*

Cyathea australis* Cyathea - Wikipedia

Cyathea brownii

Cyathea colunsoi*

Cyathea cunninghamii

Cyathea dealbata

Cyathea medullaris

Cyathea smithii*

Cyathea woolsiana

Cyrtomium caryotideum Cyrtomium - Wikipedia

Cyrtomium falcatum

Cyrtomium fortunei

Cystopteris bulbifera*

Cystopteris fragilis*

Davallia canariensis Davallia - Wikipedia

Davallia mariesii*

Davallia tasmanii

Davallia trichomanoides

Dennstaedtia davallioides

Dennstaedtia punctiloba*

Dicksonia antarctica* Dicksonia - Wikipedia

Dicksonia fibrosa*

Dicksonia lanata*

Dicksonia squarrosa*

Diplazium assimile Diplazium - Wikipedia

Diplazium sibiricum*

Diplazium subsinuatum

Diplazium tomitaroanum

Doodia aspera* Doodia - Wikipedia

Doodia caudata

Doodia media*

Dryopteris aemula Dryopteris - Wikipedia

Dryopteris affinis and cultivars

Dryopteris assimilis*

Dryopteris carthusiana*

Dryopteris clintoniana

Dryopteris cycadina

Dryopteris dilatata

Dryopteris erythrosora

Dryopteris filix-mas and cultivars

Dryopteris goldiana

Dryopteris intermedia

Dryopteris marginalis

Dryopteris oreades

Dryopteris sieboldii

Dryopteris submontana

Gymnocarpium dryopteris*
Gymnocarpium - Wikipedia

Gymnocarpium robertianum

Histiopteris incisa*

Hypolepis australe

Hypolepis millefolium

Hypolepis punctata

Hypolepis rugosula

Lastreopsis acuminata* Lastreopsis - Wikipedia

Lastreopsis decomposita

Lastreopsis glabella

Lastreopsis hispida

Lastreopsis microsora

Lastreopsis munita

Lastreopsis velutina

Lemmaphyllum microphyllum

Leptolepia novae-zealandiae

Leptopteris hymenophylloides

Leptopteris superba

Lunathyrium japonicum

Lunathyrium thelypterioides

Nephrolepis cordifolia

Onoclea sensibilis

Osmunda cinnamomea Osmunda - Wikipedia

Osmunda claytoniana

Osmunda regalis and cultivars

Paesia scaberula

Pellaea atropurpurea

Pellaea falcata

Pellaea rotundifolia

Pellaea viridis

Phegopteris connectilis

Phegopteris hexagonoptera

Polypodium australe Polypodium - Wikipedia

Polypodium formosanum

Polypodium glycyrrhiza

Polypodium polypodioides

Polypodium scouleri

Polypodium vulgare and cultivars

Polystichum acrostichoides* Polystichum - Wikipedia

Polystichum aculeatum* and cultivars

Polystichum andersonii

Polystichum braunii

Polystichum cystostegia*

Polystichum lonchitis

Polystichum munitum*

Polystichum polyblepharum*

Polystichum proliferum*

Polystichum retroso-paleaceum

Polystichum richardii

Polystichum setiferum*

Polystichum tsus-simense

Polystichum vestitum

Pseudocystopteris atkinsonii

Pseudocystopteris spinulosum

Pteris comans Pteris - Wikipedia

Pteris cretica and cultivars

Pteris macilenta

Pteris multifida

Pteris tremula

Pteris umbrosa

Pteris vittata

Rumora adiantiformis

Selaginella helvetica Selaginella - Wikipedia

Selaginella kraussiana*

Selaginella wallacei

Thelypteris palustris

Thelypteris simulata Thelypteris - Wikipedia

Todea barbara* Todea - Wikipedia

Woodsia alpina* Woodsia - Wikipedia

Woodsia ilvensis

Woodsia obtusa

Woodwardia areolata Woodwardia - Wikipedia

Woodwardia fimbriata*

Woodwardia orientalis

Woodwardia radicans

Woodwardia virginica*

 

Ferns for Hanging Baskets

From Chapter 21 - Specialized containers and systems of culture, and Appendix 3 of The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1:-


The following ferns are suitable for cultivation in baskets and similar containers in the regions specified. Those with a creeping habit of growth are marked with an *. See With Pendulous Fronds Page for a list of ferns with pendulous fronds.

Species

Region

Adiantum diaphanum* Adiantum- Flora of North America

Tropical-Temperate

Aglaomorpha meyeniana

Tropical-Temperate

Anarthropteris lanceolata*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium aethiopicum Asplenium - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium alatum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium attenuatum

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Asplenium auritum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium belangeri

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium bulbiferum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium cristatum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium cuneatum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium daucifolium

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium flabellifolium

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium lamprocaulon

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium normale

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium paleacum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium radicans

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium serra

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium serratum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium simplicifrons

Tropical-Temperate

Belvisia mucronata*

Tropical-Temperate

Blechnum fluviatile Blechnum - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Blechnum occidentale

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Campyloneurum latum Campyloneurum - Wikipedia

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Campyloneurum phyllitidis

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Campyloneurum radicans

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Colysis ampla*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Colysis hemionitidea*

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Colysis sayeri*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Cyrtomium caryotideum Cyrtomium - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Cyrtomium falcatum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Cyrtomium macrophyllum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Davallia bullata* Davallia - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Davallia canariensis*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Davallia corniculata*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Davallia denticulata*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Davallia divaricata*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Davallia embolostegia*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Davallia epiphylla*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Davallia fejeeensis*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Davallia mariesii*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Davallia pyxidata*

Tropical-Temperate

Davallia solida*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Davallia tasmanii*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Davallia trichomanoides*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Davallodes hirsutum*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Dictymia brownii

Tropical-Temperate

Dictymia macrocarpa*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Dictymia percussa*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Polypodium australe and cultivars*
Polypodium - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Polypodium chnoodes*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Polypodium dissimile*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Polypodium formosanum*

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Polypodium fraxinifolium*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Polypodium glaucophyllum*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Polypodium loriceum*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Polypodium pectinatum*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Polypodium plumula*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Polypodium polypodioides*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Polypodium sanctae-rosae*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Polypodium scouleri*

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Polypodium thyssanolepis*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Polypodium triseriale*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Polypodium vulgare and cultivars

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Polystichum lentum Polystichum - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Pseudodrynaria coronans

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Psilotum nudum

Tropical-Temperate

Pteris ensiformis and cultivars Pteris - Wikipedia

Tropical-Temperate

Pteris multifida and cultivars

Tropical-Temperate

Pyrrosia confluens*

Tropical-Temperate

Pyrrosia hastata*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Pyrrosia lanceolata*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Pyrrosia lingua and cultivars

Tropical-Temperate

Pyrrosia longifolia*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Pyrrosia nummularifolia*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Pyrrosia piloselloides

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Pyrrosia polydactylis*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Pyrrosia rupestris*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Pyrrosia serpens*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Rumora adiantiformis*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Sadleria cyatheoides

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Scyphularia pentaphylla*

Tropical-Temperate

Scyphularia triphylla*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Selliguea feei*

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Stenochlaena palustris*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Stenochlaena tenuifolia*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Woodwardia orientalis Woodwardia - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

 

 

 

Ferns Suitable for Outdoor Containers

From Chapter 19 - Ferns for containers, indoors and out, and Appendix 6 of The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1:-


Most of the fern species listed below need a protected part shade situation. Those marked with an * can be tolerant of exposure to Full Sun.

Fern Species

Region

Comments

Adiantum macrophyllum Adiantum- Flora of North America

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Fronds erect

Adiantum peruvianum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Arching fronds

Adiantum polyphyllum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Spreading

Adiantum trapeziforme

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Spreading

Angiopteris evecta

Tropical-Temperate

Needs plenty of water

Arachniodes aristata

Tropical-Temperate

Very hardy

Arachniodes standishii

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Very attractive

Asplenium australasicum* Asplenium - Wikipedia

Tropical-Temperate

Excellent

Asplenium bulbiferum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Do not overpot, arching fronds

Asplenium cymbifolium

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Sensitive to cold

Asplenium daucifolium

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Fine and lacy

Asplenium dimorphum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Variable fronds

Asplenium milnei

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Shiny fronds

Asplenium musifolium

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Erect rosette

Asplenium nidus*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Cold sensitive

Asplenium oblongifolium

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Dense

Asplenium scleroprium*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Dense, leathery

Asplenium simplicifrons

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Rosette of narrow fronds

Athyrium filix-femina and cultivars Athyrium - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

May be Deciduous

Blechnum braziliense
Blechnum - Wikipedia

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Attractive

Blechnum capense

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Hardy

Blechnum cartilagineum*

Tropical-Temperate

Hardy

Blechnum gibbum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Attractive

Blechnum nudum

Temperate-Tropical

Needs plenty of water

Blechnum orientale

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Hardy

Cibotium glaucum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Forms trunk

Coniogramme intermedia

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Dark fronds

Culcita dubia*

Tropical-Temperate

Very hardy

Cyathea australis*
Cyathea - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Very hardy

Cyathea brownii*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Fast

Cyathea capensis

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Hardy

Cyathea celebica

Tropical-Temperate

Prickly

Cyathea contaminans*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Fast

Cyathea cooperi*

Tropical-Temperate

Fast

Cyathea dealbata

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Excellent

Cyathea dregei

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Hardy

Cyathea medullaris*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Fast

Cyathea rebeccae

Tropical-Temperate

Excellent

Cyathea robusta

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Decorative

Cyathea woollsiana

Tropical-Temperate

Excellent

Dicksonia antarctica*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Very hardy

Dicksonia fibrosa
Dicksonia - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Very hardy

Dicksonia sellowiana

Semi-Tropical

Slender

Dicksonia squarrosa*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Very hardy

Dicksonia youngiae

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Attractive

Didymochlaena truncatula

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Lovely fronds

Diplazium dilatatum
Diplazium - Wikipedia

Tropical-Temperate

Arching fronds

Diplazium werckleanum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Dark fronds

Drynaria quercifolia*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Very hardy

Dryopteris affinis

Dryopteris - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Hardy

Dryopteris filix-mas

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

May be deciduous

Lastreopsis decomposita Lastreopsis - Wikipedia

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Hardy

Lastreopsis marginans

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Shiny fronds

Lastreopsis microsora

Tropical-Temperate

Hardy

Lastreopsis velutina

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Soft fronds

Leucostegia immersa

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Coarse mix

Leucostegia pallida

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Coarse mix

Marattia salicina

Tropical-Temperate

Hardy

Microlepia firma

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Hardy

Microlepia hirta

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Hardy

Microlepia playtphylla

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Tall

Microlepia speluncae

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Soft fronds

Microlepia strigosa

Tropical-Temperate

Graceful

Microsorum pappei

Tropical-Temperate

Slowly spreading

Microsorum punctatum* and cultivars

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Hardy

Nephrolepis biserrata and cultivars Nephrolepis - Wikipedia

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

needs plenty of water

Nephrolepis cordifolia* and cultivars

Tropical-Temperate

hardy

Nephrolepis exaltata* (larger cultivars)

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

hardy

Nephrolepis falcata* and cultivars

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

hardy

Nephrolepis hirsutula*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

hardy

Nephrolepis obliterata*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

hardy

Niphidium crassifolium

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

coarse mix

Osmunda regalis
Osmunda - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

deciduous

Phlebodium aureum and cultivars

Tropical-Temperate

coarse mix

Phymatosorus diversifolius

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

hardy

Phymatosorus longissimus

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

coarse mix

Phymatosorus nigrescens

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

coarse mix

Phymatosorus parksii*

Tropical-Temperate

bushy clump

Phymatosorus scolopendria

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

coarse mix

Pityrogramma calomelanos*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

very hardy

Polystichum aculeatum
Polystichum - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

fronds harsh

Polystichum proliferum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

hardy

Polystichum retroso-paleacum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dark, glossy green

Polystichum setiferum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

fronds spreading

Polystichum vestitum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

fronds harsh

Pseudodrynaria coronans*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

coarse mix

Pteris biaurita Pteris - Wikipedia

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

hardy

Pteris hendersonii

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

attractive

Pteris microptera

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

hardy

Pteris pacifica

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

shiny fronds

Pteris quadriaurita

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

large

Pteris tripartita

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

large

Pteris umbrosa

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

bushy

Pteris wallichiana

Tropical-Temperate

large

Rumora adiantiformis* (Cape form)

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

large, very hardy

Woodwardia fimbriata
Woodwardia - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

erect

Woodwardia orientalis

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

spreading fronds

Woodwardia radicans

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

hardy

 

Ferns for Wet Soils

From Appendix 7 of The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1:-

Acrostichum aureum Acrostichum - Wikipedia

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Acrostichum danaeifolium

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Acrostichum speciosum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Allantantodia australis

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Ampelopteris prolifera*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Angiopteris evecta

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Athyrium filix-femina Athyrium - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Blechnum articulatum Blechnum - Wikipedia

Tropical-Temperate

Blechnum capense

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Blechnum discolor*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Blechnum fluviatile

Temperate

Blechnum indicum*

Tropical-Temperate

Blechnum lanceolatum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Blechnum minus*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Blechnum nudum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Blechnum patersonii

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Blechnum serrulatum*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Blechnum wattsii*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Blotiella lindeniana

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Cyathea australis* Cyathea - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Cyathea smithii*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Cyclosorus interruptus*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Dennstaedtia davallioides*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Dicksonia antarctica* Dicksonia - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Dicksonia herbertii*

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Diplazium dietrichianum* Diplazium - Wikipedia

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Diplazium dilatatum

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Diplazium esculentum*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Diplazium riparium

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Equisetum myriochaetum*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Helminthostachys zeylanica*

Tropical

Histiopteris incisa*

Temperate-Tropical

Hypolepis punctata*

Temperate-Tropical

Hypolepis rugosula

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Lunathyrium japonicum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Lygodium circinnatum Lygodium - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Lygodium flexuosum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Lygodium microphyllum*

Tropical-Temperate

Marattia salicina

Tropical-Temperate

Microlepia speluncae

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Nephrolepis biserrata* Nephrolepis - Wikipedia

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Onoclea sensibilis*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Osmunda cinnamomea* Osmunda - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Osmunda regalis*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Parathelypteris beddomei*

Tropical

Pilularia globifera

Temperate

Plagiogyria pectinata

Semi-Tropical

Pseumatopteris pennigera

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Pseumatopteris sogerensis

Tropical-Temperate

Pseudophegopteris paludosa

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Pteris comans* Pteris - Wikipedia

Temperate

Pteris umbrosa*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Selaginella kraussiana Selaginella - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Thelypteris confluens* Thelypteris - Wikipedia

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Todea barbara* Todea - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Woodwardia virginica Woodwardia - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

 

Lime-hating Ferns (Calcifluges)

From Appendix 10 of The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1:-

The following ferns resent lime and may die (or suffer badly bleached foliage) if it is included in their potting mix or added to the soil around their roots. Those marked with an asterisk * are particularly sensitive.

Species

Adiantum bradleyi

Asplenium forisiacum

Asplenium montanum

Asplenium pinnatifidum

Asplenium septentrionale

Asplenium trichomanes ssp. trichomanes

Blechnum spicant

Cryptogramma brunnoniana *

Cryptogramma brunnoniana crispa *

Dryopteris celsa

Gleichenia alpina

Gleichenia alpina dicarpa

Gleichenia alpina microphylla

Lygodium palmatum *

Oreopteris limbosperma

Phegopteris connectilis

Thelypteris palustris

Thelypteris palustris simulata

 

Ferns found on Limestone or Basic Soils (Calciphiles)

"The following fern species are recorded as growing on limestone, or in basic soils. They are presented here as an aid to understanding their cultivation requirements, as lime may be necessary for their successful growth. Some species only occur sporadically on limestone, others grow on it commonly and are marked *" from Appendix 9 of The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1.

Adenoderris glandulosa

Adenoderris sororia

Actiniopteris radiata

Actiniopteris braunii*

Adiantum capillus-veneris*

Adiantum caudatum Adiantum- Flora of North America

Adiantum fragile

Adiantum incisum

Adiantum malesianum*

Adiantum melanoleucum

Adiantum philippense

Adiantum reniforme*

Adiantum resiliens

Adiantum soboliferum*

Adiantum stenochlamys*

Adiantum tenerum*

Adiantum tricholepis

Adiantum wilesianum*

Adiantum zollingeri*

Adiantopsis paupercula*

Adiantopsis pedata*

Anemia adiantifolia*

Anemia cicutaria

Anemia mexicana

Anemia speciosa

Anemia wrightii

Anopteris hexagona

Arcypteris irregularis

Asplenium adiantoides* Asplenium - Wikipedia

Asplenium adiantum-nigrum

Asplenium ceterach*

Asplenium cristatum

Asplenium dentatum

Asplenium ebenoides

Asplenium fissum

Asplenium fontanum

Asplenium heterochroum

Asplenium hoffmannii

Asplenium lepidum

Asplenium macrophyllum

Asplenium majoricum

Asplenium milnei

Asplenium myriophyllum

Asplenium olivaceum

Asplenium palmeri

Asplenium pellucidum

Asplenium phyllitidis

Asplenium pumilum

Asplenium resiliens

Asplenium rhizophyllum*

Asplenium ruta-muraria*

Asplenium salignum

Asplenium scolopendrium

Asplenium seelosii

Asplenium squamulatum*

Asplenium tenerum

Asplenium trichomanes

Asplenium trichomanes-dentatum*

Asplenium unilaterale

Asplenium viride

Athyrium pinnatum Athyrium - Wikipedia

Athyrium prescottianum

Blechnum finlaysonianum Blechnum - Wikipedia

Bolbitis aliena*

Bolbitis portoricensis

Bommeria hispida*

Bommeria pedata*

Ceterach cordatum

Cheilanthes alabamensis*
Cheilanthes - Wikipedia

Cheilanthes candida

Cheilanthes eatonii

Cheilanthes farinosa*

Cheilanthes feei

Cheilanthes horridula

Cheilanthes induta

Cheilanthes leucopoda*

Cheilanthes marlothii

Cheilanthes microphylla*

Cheilanthes pteridiodes

Cheilanthes rufa

Cheilanthes scariosa*

Cheilanthes villosa

Christella dentata

Christata parasitica

Crypsinus enervis

Cryptogramma stelleri

Ctenitis hirta*

Ctenitis sloanei

Cyclopeltis crenata

Cyclopeltis semicordata

Cyrtomium auriculatum Cyrtomium - Wikipedia

Cyrtomium falcatum*

Cyrtomium juglandifolium

Cystopteris bulbifera

Cystopteris fragilis

Davallia denticulata

Davallia solida Davallia - Wikipedia

Diplazium cordifolium Diplazium - Wikipedia

Diplazium esculentum

Diplazium montanum

Doryopteris allenae*

Doryopteris concolor

Doryopteris ludens*

Doryopteris papuana*

Drynaria bonii*

Drynaria quercifolia

Drynaria rigidula

Drynaria sparsisora

Dryopteris ludoviciana Dryopteris - Wikipedia

Dryopteris submontana

Dryopteris villari

Gymnocarpium robertianum*

Hemionitis arifolia

Heterogonium alderwereltii*

Heterogonium pinnatum*

Humata heterophylla

Humata pectinata

Hypodematium crenatum

Hypodematium fauriei

Lemmaphyllum accedens

Lepisorus longifolius

Leptochilus decurrens

Llavea cordifolia

Loxogramme avenia

Loxogramme scolopendrina

Lygodium polystachyum*

Matteuccia struthiopteris

Microgramma heterophyllum

Microlepia speluncae

Microsorum musifolium

Microsorum punctatum

Neocheiropteris palmatopedata

Nephelea fulgens

Nephelea woodwardioides

Nephrolepis biserrata Nephrolepis - Wikipedia

Nephrolepis dicksonioides*

Nephrolepis falcata

Nephrolepis hirsutula

Nephrolepis radicans

Notholaena aschenborniana* Notholaena - Wikipedia

Notholaena candida*

Notholaena dealbata

Notholaena formosa*

Notholaena grayi*

Notholaena greggii*

Notholaena limitanea

Notholaena neglecta*

Notholaena parvifolia*

Notholaena rigida*

Notholaena sinuata*

Notholaena standleyi

Odontosoria clavata

Oleandra undulata

Ophioglossum englemanii

Pellaea atropurpurea* Pellaea - Wikipedia

Pellaea breweri

Pellaea dolomiticola*

Pellaea glabella

Pellaea intermedia

Pellaea ovata*

Pellaea pringlei

Pellaea sagittata*

Pellaea ternifolia*

Photinopteris speciosa

Phymatosorus nigrescens

Phymatosorus scolopendria

Pityrogramma calomelanos

Pneumatopteris pennigera

Polypodium australe Polypodium - Wikipedia

Polypodium dispersum

Polypodium papillosum

Polypodium plumula

Polypodium ptilodon

Polypodium vulgare

Polystichum aculeatum Polystichum - Wikipedia

Polystichum echinatum*

Polystichum christianae*

Polystichum harrisae*

Polystichum lindsaeifolium*

Polystichum triangulum

Pterideum aquilinum Pterideum - Wikipedia

Pterideum aquilinum var. caudatum

Pterideum aquilinum var. feei

Pterideum esculentum

Pteridrys syrmatica

Pteris bahamensis* Pteris - Wikipedia

Pteris cretica*

Pteris ensiformis

Pteris longifolia

Pteris longipinnula*

Pteris mertensioides

Pteris multifida

Pteris scabripes

Pteris tripartita

Pteris vittata*

Pyrrosia floccigera

Pyrrosia lanceolata

Pyrrosia penangiana*

Pyrrosia stigmosa*

Pyrrosia varia

Selaginella lepidophylla* Selaginella - Wikipedia

Selaginella pilifera*

Sphenomeris clavata

Taenitis blechnoides

Tectaria x amesiana Tectaria - Wikipedia

Tectaria amplifolia*

Tectaria barberi

Tectaria devexa*

Tectaria griffithii

Tectaria heracleifolia*

Tectaria incisa

Tectaria lobata*

Tectaria macrodonta

Tectaria pedata*

Tectaria variolosa

Thelypteris augescens Thelypteris - Wikipedia

Thelypteris blanda

Thelypteris guadalupensis*

Thelypteris immersa

Thelypteris leptoclada*

Thelypteris ovata

Thelypteris pilosa

Thelypteris reptans*

Thelypteris resiliens

Thelypteris toganetra

Thelypteris tuerckheimii

Vittaria angustifolia Vittaria - Wikipedia

Vittaria elongata

Woodsia fragilis Woodsia - Wikipedia

Woodsia glabella

 

Ferns Suitable for Indoor Decoration

From Chapter 19 - Ferns for containers, indoors and out, and Appendix 1 of The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1:-

Species

Region

Light Tolerance

Comments

Adiantum capillus-veneris Adiantum- Flora of North America

Temperate-Tropical

Bright

Can be tricky

Adiantum capillus-veneris 'Banksianum'

Temperate-Tropical

Bright

Excellent indoors

Adiantum capillus-veneris 'Fimbriatum'

Temperate-Tropical

Bright

deeply cut fronds

Adiantum capillus-veneris 'Imbricatum'

Temperate-Tropical

Bright

cascading fronds

Adiantum capillus-veneris 'Scintilla'

Temperate-Tropical

Bright

shallow pot

Adiantum raddianum

Temperate-Tropical

Bright

an adaptable species

Adiantum raddianum 'Elegans'

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

hardy

Adiantum raddianum 'Fragrantissimum'

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

vigorous grower

Adiantum raddianum 'Fritz Luth'

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

very popular

Adiantum raddianum 'Gracillimum'

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

finely divided fronds

Adiantum raddianum 'Lawsonianum'

Temperate-Tropical

Bright

hardy

Adiantum raddianum 'Pacific Maid'

Semi-Tropical-Tropical

Bright

best in tropics

Adiantum raddianum 'Weigandii'

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

hardy

Adiantum tenerum

Tropical

Bright

good in tropics

Adiantum tenerum 'Fergusonii'

Tropical

Bright

strong grower

Adiantum tenerum

Tropical

Bright

good in tropics

Adiantum tenerum 'Fergusonii'

Tropical

Bright

strong grower

Adiantum tenerum 'Gloriosum Roseum'

Tropical

Bright

attractive fern

Adiantum tenerum 'Scutum Roseum'

Tropical

Bright

pink new growth

Asplenium australasicum Asplenium - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

grows large, hardy

Asplenium bulbiferum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

very adaptable

Asplenium cymbifolium

Tropical

Bright

grows large

Asplenium daucifolium

Temperate-Tropical

dull-bright

very adaptable

Asplenium dimorphum

Temperate-Tropical

dull-bright

very adaptable

Asplenium musifolium

Tropical

Bright

grows large

Asplenium nidus

Tropical

Bright

grows large

Asplenium oblongifolium

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

hardy

Asplenium laserpitifolium

Tropical

Bright

difficult subject

Asplenium shuttleworthianum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

very adaptable

Asplenium simplicifrons

Temperate-Tropical

dull-bright

very adaptable

Blechnum articulatum Blechnum - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

adaptable

Blechnum braziliense

Semi-Tropical-Tropical

Bright

hardy and adaptable

Blechnum gibbum

Temperate-Tropical

Bright

very attractive

Blechnum moorei

Semi-Tropical-Tropical

Bright

seems hardy

Blechnum occidentale

Semi-Tropical-Tropical

Bright

colourful new growth

Cyrtomium caryotideum Cyrtomium - Wikipedia

Temperate-Tropical

Bright

attractive

Cyrtomium falcatum and cultivars

Temperate-Tropical

dull-bright

hardy and acceptable

Cyrtomium macrophyllum

Semi-Tropical-Tropical

Bright

adaptable

Davallia bullata

Davallia - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

very hardy

Davallia fejeensis

Semi-Tropical-Tropical

Bright

beautiful

Davallia mariesii

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

very hardy

Davallia solida

Semi-Tropical-Tropical

Bright

adaptable

Davallia trichomanoides

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

very hardy

Dicksonia antarctica

Dicksonia - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

very hardy

Didymochlaena truncatula

Semi-Tropical-Tropical

dull-bright

hardy and adaptable

Doryopteris pedata

Tropical-Temperate

Bright

can be difficult

Drynaria quercifolia

Tropical-Temperate

Bright

hardy

Dryopteris affinis

Dryopteris - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

hardy

Dryopteris filix-mas

Wild Flower Gallery Dryopteris filix-mas

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

hardy

Goniophlebium persicifolium

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Bright

adaptable

Goniophlebium subauriculatum Goniophlebium - The Plant List

Tropical-Temperate

Bright

hardy

Goniophlebium verrucosum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Bright

difficult

Humata griffithiana

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Bright

hardy, deciduous

Humata tyermanii

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Bright

very attractive

Llavea cordifolia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

hardy

Lycopodium phlegmaria Lycopodium - Wikipedia

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Bright

difficult

Lycopodium phlegmaroides

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Bright

difficult

Lycopodium squarrosum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Bright

difficult

Lygodium flexuosum Lygodium - Wikipedia

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Bright

hardy

Lygodium japonicum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Bright

hardy

Lygodium microphyllum

Tropical-Temperate

Bright

hardy

Macrothelypteris polypodioides

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Bright

attractive

Microlepia strigosa and cultivars

Tropical-Temperate

 

attractive

Microsorum punctatum and cultivars

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Bright

very hardy

Nephrolepis biserrata Nephrolepis - Wikipedia

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

grows large

Nephrolepis cordifolia and cultivars

Temperate-Tropical

dull-bright

very hardy and adaptable

Nephrolepis exaltata and cultivars

Tropical-Temperate

dull-bright

hardy

Nephrolepis falcata 'Furcans'

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Bright

decorative

Onoclea sensibilis

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

pale colour

Pellaea falcata
Pellaea - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

hardy

Pellaea rotundifolia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

very rewarding

Pellaea viridis

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

difficult

Phlebodium aureum and cultivars

Tropical-Temperate

Bright

hardy

Phymatosorus parksii

Tropical-Temperate

dull-bright

hardy

Polypodium australe and cultivars
Polypodium - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

hardy

Polypodium formosanum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

popular

Polypodium vulgare and cultivars

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

hardy

Polystichum lentum Polystichum - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

spreading habit

Polystichum retroso-paleaceum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

shiny fronds

Polystichum tsus-simense

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

upright tussock

Pteris cretica and cultivars Pteris - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

colourful and interesting

Pteris ensiformis and cultivars

Tropical-Temperate

Bright

compact

Pteris tremula

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

light green fronds

Pyrrosia confluens

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

dull-bright

hardy

Pyrrosia longifolia

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Bright

cold sensitive

Pyrrosia rupestris

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

dull-bright

hardy

Pyrrosia serpens

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

hardy

Rumora adiantiformis

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

very hardy

Sadleria cyatheoides

Tropical-Temperate

Bright

very decorative

Scyhularia pentaphylla

Tropical-Temperate

dull-bright

coarse mix

Scyhularia pycnocarpa

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

coarse mix

Selaginella kraussiana

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

spreading

Stenochlaena palustris

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

adaptable

Tectaria heracleifolia Tectaria - Wikipedia

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Bright

interesting subject

Woodwardia orientalis Woodwardia - Wikipedia

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Bright

large

Woodwardia radicans

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Bright

large

 

Terrarium

Terrariums are mini indoor gardens that are perfect for people who want to decorate their home or office with houseplants, but don't have a lot of time to care for them.

Instructions to make your own terrarium from ehow.com:-

  • Select a glass container. Large jars, compotes or aquariums are all excellent choices for building a terrarium. Make sure to clean it well with hot, soapy water before you start.
  • Next you want to create the terrarium's drainage layer. Layer about an inch of large pea gravel in the bottom of the container. If the container has a narrow opening, create a funnel with the paper, then pour the gravel through the funnel and use a chopstick to move the gravel into place. Add a ½-inch layer of ground charcoal over the gravel.
  • Pour 2 to 3 inches of fresh potting soil over the drainage layer. Use a sterilized soil mix. The soil and drainage layer should take up about 1/4 of the terrarium container's space.
  • Select small plants that all require the same type of care. For example, use all tropical sun-loving or all drought-tolerant plants. Never mix plants with different growing requirements.
  • Think about how you want to place the plants within the container. Taller plants should go in the back of the jar and shorter ones in the front. Dig planting holes in the soil with a chopstick or your hand if it fits through the container's opening.
  • Remove the plants from their containers. Trim off any yellow or brown foliage. Remove any extra soil from around the roots, then tease the roots apart gently, and place the plants into the planting holes. Cover the roots with soil and gently firm the soil around each plant.
  • Water the terrarium after all the plants are in place. Use a funnel to wash the sides of the terrarium as you water.
  • If you created a tropical terrarium, you have the option of covering the jar with a lid or glass dish. This step will seal the environment and create a miniature rain forest. Just be aware that sealed terrariums are at risk of overheating if placed near a sunny window. Skip this step if you used drought tolerant plants, such as cacti and succulents, as it will create too humid an environment for them.
  • Tips and warnings :-
  • Some plants that do well in terrariums are African violets,ferns and hypoestes. Others are listed in the Garden Helper.
  • Moisture will appear on the inside of the jar. Crack the lid for a few hours to allow some moisture to escape.
  • Use very little fertilizer - you want to keep the plants small and not encourage new growth.
  • Don't overwater. The plants will create their own moisture through evaporation. When the sides of the glass are dry and no moisture is evident inside the jar, water sparingly.

From Chapter 21 - Specialized containers and systems of culture, and Appendix 2 of The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1:-

The following species are small enough for cultivation in terrariums. Those suitable only for larger terrariums are marked with an *. The list includes creeping ferns as well as those with a clumping growth habit. Some ferns dislike excessive humidity but will succeed well in a drier terrarium. These are indicated under comments.

Species

Region

Comments

Actiniopteris semiflabella

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

excellent

Adiantum capillus-veneris* Adiantum- Flora of North America

Tropical-Temperate

needs lime

Adiantum diaphanum

Tropical-Temperate

excellent, spreading habit

Adiantum hispidulum

Tropical-Temperate

performs well

Adiantum raddianum* and cultivars

Tropical-Temperate

smaller growing cultivars

Adiantum reniforme

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

likes dry atmosphere best

Anarthropteris lanceolata

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

spreading habit

Anogramma chaerophylla

Tropical-Temperate

fast growing, may naturalize

Anogramma leptophylla

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

likes drier atmosphere

Asplenium adiantum-nigrum* Asplenium - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

performs well

Asplenium alternans

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

drier atmosphere, alkaline mix

Asplenium attenuatum

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

likes drier atmosphere

Asplenium aureum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

clumping

Asplenium capillipes

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

small clump

Asplenium cardiophyllum

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

tiny creeping species

Asplenium ceterach

Temperate

drier atmosphere, alkaline mix

Asplenium cheilosorum

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

creeping habit

Asplenium flabellifolium

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

spreading habit

Asplenium formosum*

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

clumping

Asplenium hookerianum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

delicate fronds

Asplenium normale

Tropical-Temperate

clumping

Asplenium oligophlebium

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

clumping

Asplenium pekinense

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

small clumps

Asplenium prolongatum

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

tip rooting

Asplenium rhizophyllum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

needs lime, tip rooting

Asplenium ruprechtii

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

tip rooting

Asplenium ruta-muraria

Temperate

needs lime

Asplenium septentrionale

Temperate

small clumps

Asplenium trichomanes

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

needs lime

Asplenium tripteropus

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

proliferous

Asplenium varians

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

small clump

Asplenium viride

Temperate

needs lime

Blechnum chambersii*
Blechnum - Wikipedia

Temperate

erect clump

Blechnum fluviatile

Temperate

flat clump

Blechnum membranaceum

Temperate

neat grower

Blechnum penna-marina

Temperate

spreading habit

Blechnum spicant and cultivars

Temperate

small clumps

Bolbitis heteroclita form

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

spreading mossy carpet

Callistopteris bauerana

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

finely divided fronds

Cardiomanes reniforme

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

appealing fronds

Cheilanthes argentea
Cheilanthes - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

needs dry atmosphere

Cheilanthes austroteniufolia*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

spreading, adaptable

Cheilanthes californica

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

needs dry atmosphere

Cheilanthes covillei

Temperate

needs dry atmosphere

Cheilanthes distans

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

spreading, adaptable

Cheilanthes sieberi

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

spreading adaptable

Cystopteris bulbifera

Temperate

may naturalize

Cystopteris fragilis

Temperate

delicate fronds

Diplazium subsinuatum
Diplazium - Wikipedia

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

excellent, distinctive fronds

Diplazium tomitaroanum

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

clumping

Doodia caudata Doodia - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

small clumps

Doryopteris concolor

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

likes drier atmosphere

Doryopteris ludens

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

dry, needs lime

Doryopteris palmata

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

dry, needs lime, difficult

Gymnopteris marantae

Temperate

dry, difficult

Lemmaphyllum accedens

Tropical-Temperate

creeping habit

Lemmaphyllum microphyllum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

creeping habit

Leptopteris fraseri*

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

needs high humidity

Leptopteris hymeno-phylloides*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

needs high humidity

Leptopteris superba*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

needs high humidity

Macroglena caudata

Tropical-Temperate

excellent, needs coarse mix

Nephrolepis exaltata 'Mini Ruffle' Nephrolepis - Wikipedia

Tropical-Temperate

small, ruffled clumps

Notholaena sinuata*
Notholaena - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dry

Notholaena standleyi*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dry, may need lime

Oenotrichia tripinnata*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

excellent

Paraceterach muelleri*

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

dry

Paraceterach reynoldsii

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

dry

Pleurosorus rutifolius

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dry

Pteris ensiformis and cultivars Pteris - Wikipedia

Tropical-Temperate

excellent

Pyrrosia rupestris

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

drier

Pyrossia serpens

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

drier

Quercifilix zeylanica

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

drier

Selaginella australiensis
Selaginella - Wikipedia

Tropical-Temperate

spreading

Selaginella brisbanensis

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

spreading

Selaginella kraussiana

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

spreading

Selaginella longipinna

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

clumping

Selaginella martensii

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

clumping

Selaginella mollis

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

spreading

Selaginella serpens

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

spreading

Selaginella umbrosa

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

clumping

Trichomanes species

Tropical-Temperate

needs high humidity

item3 item3 item4 item4