Topic
Case Studies
...Drive
...Foundations

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants
...in Chalk (Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Lime-Free (Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Light Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens
A 1, Photos
B 1, Photos
C 1, Photos
D 1, Photos
E 1, Photos
F 1, Photos
G 1, Photos
H 1, Photos
I 1, Photos
J 1, Photos
K 1, Photos
L 1, Photos
M 1, Photos
N 1, Photos
O 1, Photos
P 1, Photos
Q 1, Photos
R 1, Photos
S 1, Photos
T 1, Photos
U 1, Photos
V 1, Photos
W 1, Photos
X 1 Photos
Y 1, Photos
Z 1 Photos
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens
Flower Shape and Plant Use of
Bedding
Bulb
Evergreen Perennial
Herbaceous Perennial
Rose


Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape

Bulb with its 7 Flower Colours per Month Comparison Pages
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia

...Gladiolus
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......Eur Non-classified
......American A
......American B
......American C
......American D
......American E
......American F
......American G
......American H
......American I
......American J
......American K
......American L
......American M
......American N
......American O
......American P
......American Q
......American R
......American S
......American T
......American U
......American V
......American W
......American XYZ
......Ame Non-classified
......Australia - empty
......India

......Lithuania

...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil



Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs
...Aconitum
...Allium
...Alstroemeria
...Anemone

...Amaryllis
...Anthericum
...Antholyzas
...Apios
...Arisaema
...Arum
...Asphodeline

...Asphodelus
...Belamcanda
...Bloomeria
...Brodiaea
...Bulbocodium

...Calochorti
...Cyclobothrias
...Camassia
...Colchicum
...Convallaria 
...Forcing Lily of the Valley
...Corydalis
...Crinum
...Crosmia
...Montbretia
...Crocus

...Cyclamen
...Dicentra
...Dierama
...Eranthis
...Eremurus
...Erythrnium
...Eucomis

...Fritillaria
...Funkia
...Galanthus
...Galtonia
...Gladiolus
...Hemerocallis

...Hyacinth
...Hyacinths in Pots
...Scilla
...Puschkinia
...Chionodoxa
...Chionoscilla
...Muscari

...Iris
...Kniphofia
...Lapeyrousia
...Leucojum

...Lilium
...Lilium in Pots
...Malvastrum
...Merendera
...Milla
...Narcissus
...Narcissi in Pots

...Ornithogalum
...Oxalis
...Paeonia
...Ranunculus
...Romulea
...Sanguinaria
...Sternbergia
...Schizostylis
...Tecophilaea
...Trillium

...Tulip
...Zephyranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs
...Acidanthera
...Albuca
...Alstroemeri
...Andro-stephium
...Bassers
...Boussing-aultias
...Bravoas
...Cypellas
...Dahlias
...Galaxis,
...Geissorhizas
...Hesperanthas

...Gladioli
...Ixias
...Sparaxises
...Babianas
...Morphixias
...Tritonias

...Ixiolirions
...Moraeas
...Ornithogalums
...Oxalises
...Phaedra-nassas
...Pancratiums
...Tigridias
...Zephyranthes
...Cooperias


Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Greenhouse or Stove:-
...Achimenes
...Alocasias
...Amorpho-phalluses
...Arisaemas
...Arums
...Begonias
...Bomareas
...Caladiums

...Clivias
...Colocasias
...Crinums
...Cyclamens
...Cyrtanthuses
...Eucharises
...Urceocharis
...Eurycles

...Freesias
...Gloxinias
...Haemanthus
...Hippeastrums

...Lachenalias
...Nerines
...Lycorises
...Pencratiums
...Hymenocallises
...Richardias
...Sprekelias
...Tuberoses
...Vallotas
...Watsonias
...Zephyranthes

...Plant Bedding in
......Spring

......Summer
...Bulb houseplants flowering inside House during:-
......January
......February
......March
......April
......May
......June
......July
......August
......September
......October
......November
......December
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
......Dec-Jan
......Feb-Mar
......Apr-May
......Jun-Aug
......Sep-Oct
......Nov-Dec
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection

Climber
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree

...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Shrub Heathers
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr

Fern *

Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
...P -Herbaceous
...RHS Wisley
...Flower Shape
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note
Poisonous
Wildflower Plants

Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

or
you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12
with its
Explanation of
Structure of this Website with

...User Guidelines
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos

or
these Foliage Colour Wheels structures, which I have done but until I can take the photos and I am certain of the plant label's validity, these may not progress much further
All Foliage 212

All Spring Foliage 212
All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212

or
Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-

There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 1

(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 2


(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3 (o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 3


(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 4


Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew

 

It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot91a1a1a1a1a1a

Closed Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot92a1a1a1a1a1a

Opening Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot93a1a1a1a1a1a

Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot94a1a1a1a1a1a

Older Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot95a1a1a1a1a1a

Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot96a1a1a1a1a1a

Mature Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot97a1a1a1a1a1a

Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot98a1a1a1a1a1a

Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries. So one might avoid disappointment if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!

FERN PLANTS GALLERY PAGES
Site Map for pages with photo content (o)

Fern Culture
from Sections 1-10 of Ferns and Fern Culture by J. Birkenhead, F.R.H.S.
Published by John Heywood in Manchester in
May, 1892 with
Rules for Fern Culture
followed by
Sections
1 Modes of Growth
2 Compost
3 Compost for various Genera, growing in pots, pans or baskets
4 Various Habits of Ferns
5 Various Modes of Cultivation
6 Light
7 Temperature
8 Ferns in Dwelling-Houses
9 Propagation (in Use in Brackish Water in Coastal District Page)

10 Selection of Ferns

with

British Ferns and their Allies comprising the Ferns, Club-mosses, Pepperworts and Horsetails by Thomas Moore, F.L.S, F.H.S., Etc. London George Routledge and Sons, Broadway, Ludgate Hill. Hardcover published in 1861 provides details on British Ferns

TYPE OF FERN TO GROW
....Aquatic
....Boston/ Fishbone/
Lace/ Sword

....Cloak/Lip/Hand
....Filmy and Crepe
....Lacy Ground
(o)Lady
....Maidenhair
(o)Miscellaneous
(o)Primitive/ Oddities
....Scrambling/ Umbrella/ Coral/ Pouch
....Selaginellas
(o)Shield/ Buckler/ Holly
....Squirrel/ Rabbit/ Hare's Foot

....Staghorn/ Elkhorn/ Epiphyte
....Tassel, Clubmoss
....The Brakes
....The Polypodies
(o)The Spleenworts
....The Tree Ferns
....Water/ Hard/ Rasp/ Chain

 

 

Where to see

UNITED STATES
San Antonio Botanical Garden.
San Diego Botanic Garden.
San Francisco Botanical Garden at Strybing Arboretum.
Sarah P. Duke Gardens.
Tyringham Cobble.
UNC at Charlotte Botanical Gardens.
University of California Botanical Garden at Berkeley.
USCS Arboretum.
Whitehall Historic Home and Garden.
Wild Gardens of Acadia.
Zilker Botanical Garden.

WALES
Aberglasney Gardens.
Dewstow Gardens.
Dyffryn Gardens.

USE OF FERN
(o)Cold-hardy
(o)From Lime-hating Soil
(o)From Limestone Soil
(o)Hanging Basket
(o)Indoor Decoration
(o)Outdoor Pot
(o)Terrariums
(o)Wet Soils
(o)Ground Cover
(o)Pendulous Fronds

 

Where to see

AUSTRALIA
Adelaide Botanic Garden.
Brisbane Botanic Garden.
Mount Lofty Botanic Garden.
Royal Botanic Garden, Melbourne.
Royal Botanic Garden, Sydney.

CANADA
Le Jardin Botanique de Montreal.
Les Jardins de Metis.
Van Dusen Botanical Garden.

ENGLAND
Biddulph Grange Garden.
Brodsworth Hall and Gardens.
Cambridge University Botanic Gardens.
Chelsea Physic Garden.
Harlow Carr Botanic Gardens.
RHS Garden Wisley.
Royal Botanic Gardens Kew.
Savill Gardens.
Sizergh Castle and Garden.
Southport Botanic Gardens.
Tatton Park.
Tremenheere Sculpture Gardens.
University of Oxford Botanic Garden.

FRANCE
Jardin Botanique de Lyon.
Parc Phoenix-Nice.

GERMANY
Arktisch-Alpiner Garten.
Botanischer Garten und Museum.
Flora und Botanischer Garten Koln.

IRELAND
Caher Bridge Garden.
Kells Bay Gardens.

NETHERLANDS
Hortus Botanicus Leiden.

SPORE COLOUR
Spore

BED PICTURES
Garden
 

Where to see

NEW ZEALAND
Franz Fernery at the Auckland Domain Park.
Pukeiti Rhododendron Trust Garden.
Pukekura Park.

SCOTLAND
Arduaine Garden.
Ascog Hall Gardens and Victorian Fernery.
Attadale Gardens.
Benmore Botanic Garden.
Glasgow Botanic Garden.
Inverewe Garden and Estate.
Linn Botanic Gardens.
Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh.

UNITED STATES
Atlanta Botanical Garden.
Balboa Park.
Barnes Foundation Arboretum.
Bartholomew's Cobble.
Bellevue Botanical Garden.
Berkshire Botanical Garden.
Bloedal Reserve.
Bok Tower Gardens.
Botanical Gardens at Asheville.
Bowman's Hill Wildflower Preserve.
Brooklyn Botanic Garden.
Cailfornia State Unversity at Sacramento.
Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies.
Chanticleer.
Chicago Botanic Garden.
Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens.
Crystal Springs Rhododendron Garden.
Dallas Arboretum and Botanical Garden.
Denver Botanic Gardens.
Elandan Gardens.
Elisabeth Carey Miller Botanical Garden.
Fairchild Tropical Botanical Garden.
Fern Canyon.
Ferndell Canyon in Griffith Park.
Fort Worth Botanic Garden.
Frelinghuysen Arboretum.
Garden in the Woods.
Garvan Woodland Gardens.
Ganna Walska Lotusland.
Georgeson Botanical Garden.
Georgia Perimeter College Botanical Gardens


All
Hardy Fern Foundation members have unlimited access to our spore exchange and can choose from a wide variety of ferns. Our resource pages include publications and books about ferns as well as
useful websites.

A Natural History of Britain's Ferns by Christopher N. Page. Published by William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd in 1988. ISBN 0 00 219382 5 (limpback edition) provides details of Coastal, Man-made Landscapes, Woodland, Wetland, Grassland and Rock Outcrops, Heath and Moorland, Lower Mountain Habitats, Upper Mountain Habitats and Atlantic Fringe Ferns.
I have provided a brief summary in the Ferns in Coastal District with associated plants and Ferns for Man-Made Landscapes with associated plants pages and provided you with the Chapter number for the others, since the information within this book is so comprehensive, that it would need to be completely copied to be of most use.

Tree Ferns by Mark F. Large & John E. Braggins. Published by Timber Press in 2004. ISBN 978-1-60469-176-4 is a scientifically accurate book dealing with Tree Fern species cultivated in the United States and the Pacific, but little known and rare tree ferns are also included.

The Observer's Book of Ferns, revised by Francis Rose, previous editions compiled by W.J.Stokoe. Published by Frederick Warne & Co. Ltd in 1965 provides a comprehensive guide to 45 British species of Ferns. It provides details of habitat and how to use those ferns.

The Plant Lover's Guide to Ferns by Richard Steffen & Sue Olsen. Published in 2015 by Timber Press, Inc. ISBN 978-1-60469-
474-1. It provides details on designing with ferns and details on 140 ferns for the garden in the USA.

Success with Indoor Ferns, edited by Lesley Young. Reprinted 1998. ISBN 1 85391 554 8. It details the care of indoor ferns with their position, choice and fern care.


See
Ferns in Britain and Ireland
or the

British Pteridological Society
for further details and photos.

Mail Order UK Fern Nursery
Shady Plants has ferns for
Vertical Fern Gardens and Companion Plants for growing with Ferns.

 

Where to see

UNITED STATES
Harry P. Leu Gardens.
Hawaii Tropical Botanical Garden.
Holden Arboretum.
Honolulu Botanical Gardens.
Huntington Botanical Gardens.
Huntsville-Madison County Botanical Garden.
Inniswood Metro Gardens.
Kruckeberg Botanic Garden.
Lakewold Gardens.
Leach Botanical Garden.
Leonard J. Buck Garden.
Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden.
Longwood Gardens.
Lyndhurst Gardens.
Marie Selby Botanical Gardens.
Matthaei Botanical Gardens.
Memphis Botanic Garden.
Mendocino Coast Botanical Gardens.
Mercer Arboretum and Botanic Gardens.
Michigan State University.
Missouri Botanical Garden.
Morris Arboretum of the University of Pennsylvania.
Mount Pisgah Arboretum.
Mt. Cuba Center.
National Tropical Botanical Garden.
New Jersey State Botanical Garden at Skyland.
New York Botanical Garden.
Norfolk Botanical Garden.
North Carolina Botanical Garden.
Olbrich Botanical Garden.
Phipps Conservatory and Botanical Gardens.
Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park.
Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden.
Rhododendron Species Botanical Garden.
Rotary Gardens.

 

 

 


TYPE OF FERN - Spleenworts Ferns Page 1 of 3

The Spleenworts are a large genus, represented in the British Isles by no fewer than 10 species. The name of the genus is the Greek Asplenon, from splen, the spleen, several of the species being anciently prescribed as medicine in ailments of that organ and the liver.

"A popular group of ferns prized for their frond symetry, frond texture and sheen and neat growth habit. They generally succeed very well in cultivation and include many highly decorative ferns.

Habitat
Aspleniums may grow along stream banks, but prefer large, mossy boulders. Most aspleniums grow in a moist, humid environment but a few can withstand 4-6 months of dry weather.

Cultivation

Uses

Aspleniums make excellent pot subjects and prefer to be underpotted than overpotted.
The larger growing types can be used in tubs (Asplenium oblongifolium, Asplenium australasicum).
Many epiphytic species are well suited to hanging baskets, especially those with drooping fronds (Asplenium bulbiferum, Asplenium polyodon).
Some are excellent for indoor decoration (Asplenium dimorphum, Asplenium simplicifrons).
Robust, large growing species are useful in a general garden situation (Asplenium oblongifolium, Asplenium scleroprium) and
the more delicate types can be grown in rock gardens, walls etc (Asplenium adiantum-nigrum, Asplenium trichomanes)

Soil Types
In the garden, Aspleniums and their relatives need well-drained loam fortified with organic matter. Most species prefer an acid pH (5.5-6.5) but some require neutral to alkaline conditions. Organic mulches are very beneficial.

Potting Mix
An open but fibrous mix endowed with organic matter is generally suitable. A mix well fortified with tree-fern fibre or osmunda fibre is usually to their preference. As a group they resent poor drainage and must be repotted as soon as the mix shows sign of breaking down.

Watering
Aspleniums like plenty of water during the warm growing months but are best kept on the dry side during winter. This is especially important in the UK where winter temperatures are low and the photoperiod short.

Fertilizing
Slow-release fertilizers in the potting mix are beneficial. Potted plants also respond to liquid fertilizers applied during the warm, growing months. Plants in the ground like a spring dressing of blood and bone, well-rotted animal manure (Cow manure contains no weed seeds since the cows have eaten the food 4 times) or compost.

Situation
Aspleniums generally like well lit conditions but must be protected from excessive hot sun. Exposure to morning sun or filtered sun is ideal. They also need fairly high humidity and appreciate air movement, but not excessive wind, draughts or stagnant conditions. Frosts are tolerated by the hardy species from temperate regions but are very damaging to those from the tropics. In temperate regions these types will need the protection of a heated greenhouse." from Chapter 25 of The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1."
The following ferns come from that chapter:-

 

Fern

Foliage Colour and
Shape/ Division

Height x Spread in inches (cms)
(1 inch =
2.5 cms,
12 inches =
1 foot
12 inches =
30 cms,
24 inches =
2 feet,
3 feet =
1 yard,
40 inches = 100 cms)
 

Type of Fern to Grow

Spleenworts Ferns

Stove, greenhouse and hardy ferns.
Culture of Stove and Greenhouse Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould and sand. Pot March. Water freely in summer, moderately in winter. Temperature, stove species, Sep-Mar 60-70F (15-21C), Mar-Sep 70-80F (21-27C);
greenhouse, Sep-Mar 50-55F (10-13C), Mar-Sep 55-65F (13-18C).
Culture of Hardy Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, sand and old mortar rubble.
Position, old walls, rock gardens; moist shady borders for Lady Ferns.
Propagation: Stove and greenhouse species by spores sown in sandy peat at any time. Hardy species by spores when ripe, and division in April.

Use of Fern

Comments

Frond

Credit
is usually for Denver Botanic Gardens,
Wikimedia Commons,
Courtesy of Plant Delights Nursery @ Juniper Level Botanic Garden, Dana Kelley Bressette of Nativeplants PNW.com
or
Chris Garnons-Williams

Form

Asplenium adiantum-nigrum (Asplenium andrewsii ;
A. chihuahuense ; A. dubiosum)

Black Spleenwort, French Fern

Ariz., Colo., Utah; Eurasia; Africa.

Temperate Zones including being widely distributed in Britain.

It may be found decorating, often abundantly, the lichen-covered walls of an old church or ruin, or hanging down its graceful sprays over rocks, or on the hedge-bank of a dry but shady lane.

Asplenium adiantum-nigrum is principally a Eurasian species and occurs extremely rarely in North America.

It is among the last of our British ferns to unfold its new fronds, which are often not fully open until the middle of June. They are at first quite erect, forming little tufts, but they gradually lengthen and curve gracefully downwards, retaining their elegance of shape and even their green colour and fructification throughout the winter.

Roots not proliferous. Stems ascending or short-creeping, infrequently branched; scales dark brown to blackish throughout, narrowly deltate, 2--4(--5) × 0.2--0.5 mm, margins entire or shallowly denticulate to serrulate. Leaves monomorphic.
Sori 1--numerous pairs per pinna [1--6 pairs per segment], on both basiscopic and acroscopic sides. Spores 64 per sporangium.

 

Spleenworts Ferns (Asplenium)

Propagation:
Hardy species by spores when ripe, and division in April.

Suitable for

Terrarium.

 

Spleenwort. Stove, greenhouse and hardy fern. Height varies from 6 -48 inches (15-120cms).
Culture of Hardy Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, sand and old mortar rubble.
Position, old walls, rock gardens; moist shady borders for Lady Ferns.

Hardy Species.

Cliffs; 1675--2300 m.

aspleniumadiantumnigrumpfigureefloras

Asplenium adiantum-nigrum. Illustration from Flora of China. It may be cited as 'eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org [accessed 12 May 2019]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.

Propagation: For those without propagation by spores instructions; the following is suitable: "Keep a close eye upon the fronds, and when the spore cases begin to turn brown remove a frond or portions of it, and wrap them up in white paper, putting them in a closed box for a few days, when an abundance of spores for sowing will be available. Fill some pots with good loam, to within an inch (2.5 cms) of the top, using to drainage, and surface this with some finely broken and dusty crocks or bricks. Give a thorough watering, and when this has soaked away sow the spores as thinly as possible. Stand each pot in a saucer of water, cover it in a case or under a bell-glass where light is available, but where there is no direct sunshine. When the pots get covered with small green scales (prothallica), transplant some of the small tufts with a pointed peg into other pots filled with compost and surfaced with sandy soil. Saucers of water beneath the pots should be used to supply moisture." from Black's Gardening Dictionary. Edited by E.T. Ellis. Published by A & C. Black Ltd in 1928.

Asplenium aethiopicum (Trichomanes aethiopicum ; Asplenium adiantoides ;
A. denticulatum ; A. furcatum Thunberg;
A. praemorsum ; Tarachia furcata )

Shredded Spleenwort

Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan [India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam; tropical Africa, tropical America, Australia, Macaronesia, Pacific islands (Hawaii)].

西南铁角蕨
xi nan tie jiao jue

Plants 25-45 cm tall. Rhizome short, erect to shortly creeping, scaly; scales dark reddish brown to black, narrowly triangular with a long filiform apical tail. Fronds caespitose.
Sori 2-5 per segment, linear, 3-8 mm, median on subtending veins.

 

Spleenworts Ferns (Asplenium)

Propagation:
Stove species by spores sown in sandy peat at any time.
Greenhouse species by spores sown in sandy peat at any time.
Hardy species by spores when ripe, and division in April.

Suitable for

 

Spleenwort. Stove, greenhouse and hardy fern. Height varies from 6 -48 inches (15-120cms).
Culture of Stove Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould and sand. Pot March. Water freely in summer, moderately in winter. Temperature, stove species, Sep-Mar 60-70F (15-21C), Mar-Sep 70-80F (21-27C);
Culture of Greenhouse Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould and sand. Pot March. Water freely in summer, moderately in winter. Temperature, greenhouse, Sep-Mar 50-55F (10-13C), Mar-Sep 55-65F (13-18C).
Culture of Hardy Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, sand and old mortar rubble.
Position, old walls, rock gardens; moist shady borders for Lady Ferns.

On rocks in mixed forests; 1000-2600 m.

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Asplenium alternans

 

 

Spleenworts Ferns (Asplenium)

Propagation:

Suitable for

Terrarium.

 

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Asplenium antiquum (Neottopteris antiqua ;
N. rigida var. erubescens ; Thamnopteris antiqua)

Fujian, ?Hunan, Taiwan [Japan, Korea].

大鳞巢蕨
da lin chao jue

Plants 80-100 cm tall. Rhizome erect, massive; scales on apex brown to dark grayish brown, ovate-triangular, entire to fibrillose. Fronds caespitose.
Fronds leathery, after drying brownish green or brownish. Sori linear, 3-4 cm, on acroscopic veins, occupying 2/3-3/4 of subtending vein, lower parts of lamina usually sterile.

 

Spleenworts Ferns (Asplenium)

Propagation:

Suitable for

House Fern.

On rocks or tree trunks in forests; 600-1600 m.

aspleniumantiquumpfigureefloras

Asplenium antiquum . Illustration from Flora of China. It may be cited as 'eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org [accessed 13 May 2019]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.

Asplenium attenuatum
Slender Spleenwort

New South Wales

 

 

Spleenworts Ferns

Propagation:
Stove species by spores sown in sandy peat at any time.
 

Suitable for

Terrarium.

 

Spleenwort. Stove, greenhouse and hardy fern. Height varies from 6 -48 inches (15-120cms).
Culture of Stove Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould and sand. Pot March. Water freely in summer, moderately in winter. Temperature, stove species, Sep-Mar 60-70F (15-21C), Mar-Sep 70-80F (21-27C);
 

Stove Species.

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Asplenium aureum

 

 

Spleenworts Ferns (Asplenium)

Propagation:

Suitable for

Terrarium.

 

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Asplenium auritum

Eared spleenwort

Fla.; Mexico; West Indies in the Antilles; Central America; South America.

In the flora Asplenium auritum is evidently confined to Florida, where it is rare, occurring primarily on live oaks ( Quercus virginiana Miller). The species is highly variable. Juvenile plants, less than 2 cm, tend to be 2-pinnate. In mature plants all stages between 1-pinnate and 2-pinnate leaves are found, but 1-pinnate are more common.

Roots proliferous. Stems erect, unbranched; scales brown throughout, broadly linear, 1--2 × 0.7--1.1 mm, margins shallowly and widely dentate. Leaves monomorphic.
Sori 4--9(--10) pairs per pinna, subcostal, nearly parallel to costae on both basiscopic and acroscopic sides. Spores 64 per sporangium.

 

Spleenworts Ferns (Asplenium)

Propagation:

Suitable for

Mainly epiphytic on old sloping tree trunks in shady forests

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See Distribution Map from Flora of North America

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Asplenium australasicum
Bird's-nest Fern

 

 

Spleenworts Ferns (Asplenium)

Propagation:

Suitable for

House Fern.

 

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Asplenium australasicum 'Multilobum'

 

 

Spleenworts Ferns (Asplenium)

Propagation:

Suitable for

 

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Asplenium belangeri

Java, Borneo

 

 

Spleenworts Ferns

Propagation:
Stove species by spores sown in sandy peat at any time.
 

Suitable for

 

Spleenwort. Stove, greenhouse and hardy fern. Height varies from 6 -48 inches (15-120cms).
Culture of Stove Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould and sand. Pot March. Water freely in summer, moderately in winter. Temperature, stove species, Sep-Mar 60-70F (15-21C), Mar-Sep 70-80F (21-27C);
 

Stove Species.

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Asplenium billotii

 

 

Spleenworts Ferns (Asplenium)

Propagation:

Suitable for

 

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Asplenium bulbiferum
Mother Spleenwort/ Hen and Chicken Fern

Australia, New Zealand

 

 

Spleenworts Ferns

Propagation:
Greenhouse species by spores sown in sandy peat at any time.
 

Suitable for

House Fern.

 

Spleenwort. Stove, greenhouse and hardy fern. Height varies from 6 -48 inches (15-120cms).
Culture of Greenhouse Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould and sand. Pot March. Water freely in summer, moderately in winter. Temperature, greenhouse, Sep-Mar 50-55F (10-13C), Mar-Sep 55-65F (13-18C).
 

Greenhouse Species.

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Asplenium ceterach (Ceterach cordatum, Ceterach officinarum, Hemidictyum ceterach)

Rusty-back Fern, Scale Fern

Europe (Britain) - generally distributed in England, but rare in the eastern counties and the midlands. It is most plentiful on the west side of England and Scotland, extending northwards as far as Argyllshire and Perthshire. It occurs in Ireland, thickly clothing the walls and stone dykes, frequently in company with the Wall Rue and Maidenhair Spleenwort.

Xinjiang, N Xizang [Afghanistan, N India, Kashmir, Pakistan; N Africa, SW Asia, Europe].

药蕨
yao jue

Quite apart from the pattern of the frond, the dense coating of chaffy scales on the underside renders the Rusty-back distinct from all other ferns.
The rootstock is short and proportionately stout, and becomes wedged in the crevices of dry rocks and the joints of old walls. In the British Isles the fronds vary in length from about 3 to 6 inches (7.5-15 cms), of which about one-fourth belongs to the scale-clad, tough, black petiole. The general outline of the frond is a narrow lance-shape and its texture thick and leathery. The colour of the upper surface is a rich deep green, but the under-side is completely covered by the overlapping scales. When the new fronds unroll the scales have a silver appearance, which deepens into a reddish-brown colour as they get older.
If subjected to considerable dry periods, the lobes curl over towards the rhachis, the frond in turn curls up on its length and waers precisely the aspect of a dead and withered plant. But a fall of rain will soon cause the fronds to expand again and present their green surfaces to the light once more.

 

Plants up to 12 cm tall. Rhizome erect, short; scales dark brown in center to pale brown at margin, ovate-triangular, margin sparsely toothed. Fronds caespitose.
Sori linear, usually on acroscopic secondary veinlets and in middle between costa and margin.

Asplenium ceterach is widely distributed in S Europe and was often put into the separate genus Ceterach Willdenow (Anleit. Selbststud. Bot. 578. 1804, nom. cons.; 药蕨属 yao jue shu) on the basis of its peculiar pinnatipartite fronds, submarginally anastomosing veins, and the dense, abaxial scale covering.

Spleenworts Ferns

Propagation:
Hardy species by spores when ripe, and division in April.

Suitable for

Terrarium.

 

Spleenwort. Stove, greenhouse and hardy fern. Height varies from 6 -48 inches (15-120cms).
Culture of Hardy Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, sand and old mortar rubble.
Position, old walls, rock gardens; moist shady borders for Lady Ferns.

Hardy Species.

In dry rock crevices; 1400-2600 m.

aspleniumceterachpfigureefloras

Asplenium ceterach. Illustration from Flora of China. It may be cited as 'eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org [accessed 13 May 2019]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.

Asplenium cheilosorum

 

 

Spleenworts Ferns (Asplenium)

Propagation:

Suitable for

Terrarium.

 

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Asplenium cristatum

Hemlock spleenwort

Fla.; Central America; South America.

A widespread tropical American species, Asplenium cristatum is local in west central Florida.

Roots proliferous. Stems erect, not branched; scales blackish throughout or rarely with narrow pale margins, narrowly linear, mostly only 8--12 cells wide proximally, 2--3 × 0.5--0.8 mm. Leaves monomorphic.
Sori 1--4(--6) per pinnule, usually on both basiscopic and acroscopic sides. Spores 64 per sporangium.

 

Spleenworts Ferns (Asplenium)

Propagation:

Suitable for

Low limestone boulders and ledges in deep moist woods; 0--20 m

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See Distribution Map from Flora of North America

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Asplenium cuneatum

 

 

Spleenworts Ferns (Asplenium)

Propagation:

Suitable for

 

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Asplenium cymbifolium

 

 

Spleenworts Ferns (Asplenium)

Propagation:

Suitable for

House Fern.

 

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Asplenium daucifolium
Mauritius Spleenwort

 

 

Spleenworts Ferns (Asplenium)

Propagation:

Suitable for

House Fern.

 

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Asplenium dimorphum
Three-in-one Fern

Norfolk Island

 

 

Spleenworts Ferns

Propagation:
Greenhouse species by spores sown in sandy peat at any time.
 

Suitable for

House Fern.

 

Spleenwort. Stove, greenhouse and hardy fern. Height varies from 6 -48 inches (15-120cms).
Culture of Greenhouse Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould and sand. Pot March. Water freely in summer, moderately in winter. Temperature, greenhouse, Sep-Mar 50-55F (10-13C), Mar-Sep 55-65F (13-18C).
 

Greenhouse Species.

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Asplenium excisum
Scalloped Spleenwort

 

 

Spleenworts Ferns (Asplenium)

Propagation:

Suitable for

 

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Asplenium flabellifolium
Necklace Fern

 

 

Spleenworts Ferns (Asplenium)

Propagation:

Suitable for

Terrarium.

 

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Asplenium flaccidum
Weeping Spleenwort

 

 

Spleenworts Ferns (Asplenium)

Propagation:

Suitable for

 

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Asplenium fontanum
Smooth Rock Spleenwort

 

 

Spleenworts Ferns (Asplenium)

Propagation:

Suitable for

 

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Asplenium hookerianum

 

 

Spleenworts Ferns (Asplenium)

Propagation:

Suitable for

Terrarium.

 

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Asplenium hybridum

 

 

Spleenworts Ferns (Asplenium)

Propagation:

Suitable for

 

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Asplenium laser-pitiifolium
Maidenhar Spleenwort/ Johnstone River Fern

 

 

Spleenworts Ferns (Asplenium)

Propagation:

Suitable for

House Fern.

 

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xxxxx

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Asplenium majoricum

 

 

Spleenworts Ferns (Asplenium)

Propagation:

Suitable for

 

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Asplenium marinum
Sea Spleenwort

Europe - the range in the British Isles is as far north as Shetland and extending down the east coast only as far south as Yorkshire. On the west coast it is distributed generally all the way to Land's End and thence along the south coast as far east as Dorset.

Away from its natural haunts it needs protection, for its fronds are quickly destroyed by frost. Like all the species destined to grow on rocks, it has tough, wiry stems, which penetrate far into the crevices of the rocks and hold the plant so firmly that it is most difficult to remove. Often it will be found growing high up in the roof of some sea-cave, from which the 6 to 18 inch (15-45 cms) long fronds grow in a downward curve. The roots are broken and mostly left behind in the crevice while the rootstock is being removed, so that collected specimens are generally doomed on this account; but in addition, the species does not grow well away from the sea and specimens taken to inland towns seldom live long: please leave it alone!
The sori are large, rust-coloured and placed obliquely along each half of the pinnae; they are covered with thick indusia, which are at first white and which burst open as they ripen.
The fronds unfold in July, bearing their fructification in September and October.

 

Spleenworts Ferns

Propagation:
Hardy species by spores when ripe, and division in April.

Suitable for

 

Spleenwort. Stove, greenhouse and hardy fern. Height varies from 6 -48 inches (15-120cms).
Culture of Hardy Species: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, sand and old mortar rubble.
Position, old walls, rock gardens; moist shady borders for Lady Ferns.

Hardy Species.

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Asplenium milnei
Shining Spleenwort

 

 

Spleenworts Ferns (Asplenium)

Propagation:

Suitable for

 

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Asplenium musifolium

 

 

Spleenworts Ferns (Asplenium)

Propagation:

Suitable for

House Fern.

 

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Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

If you grow and sell ferns in any country, please tell me so that I can put them on this website and inform others where they can be bought online via mail-order.

If you would provide photos and fern details to be only used by me on this website, they would be gratefully received, since I could assume that the photo was a valid one in regard to its name of fern in its filename to that fern in the photo.

 

Site design and content copyright ©January 2009.
Page structure amended December 2012.
Gallery structure changed November 2018.
Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

 

Fern Grower's Manual by Barbara Joe Hoshizaki & Robbin C. Moran. Revised and Expanded Edition. Published in 2001 by Timber Press, Inc. Reprinted 2002, 2006. ISBN-13:978-0-88192-495-4.
"This book is mainly written for people seriously interested in growing ferns, knowing their names and what makes them similar or different, and appreciating their diversity. It is not a coffee-table book, nor a chatty type of garden book meant for light reading. Beginning fern amateurs may find more information than they need, but they will also find information useful at their level. Although this book primarily is a reference, it is also for browsing and gleaning bits of information not readily found elsewhere.
The core information in this book will be particularly helpful to plant people who want to grow or identify different ferns and fern allies." from the Preface to the above book.

 

 

USE OF FERN WITH PHOTOS
using information from Fern Grower's Manual by Barbara Joe Hoshizaki & Robbin C. Moran and
The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1


Outdoor Use in
Northeastern United States
Zones 3-6
Southeastern United States Zones 6-8
Southern Florida and Hawaii Zones 10-11
Central United States Zones 3-6
Northwestern United States Zones 5-8 with some Zone 9
Southwestern United States Zones 6-9
Coastal Central and Southern California Zones 9-10

Accent
Aquatic 1, 2

Basket 1,
Ferns for Hanging Baskets 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Ferns for Hanging Baskets with Pendulous Fronds or weeping Growth Habit 7, 8

Bog or Wet-Soil 1,
Ferns for Wet Soils 2, 3
Border and Foundation 1, 2
Grow in Coastal Region
Cold-hardy Ferns 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Colour in Fern Fronds 1, 2, 3, 4
Conservatory (Stove House) or Heated Greenhouse 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Drier Soil 1, 2, 3, 4
Grows on Rock (epilithic) 1, 2
Borne on Leaf (epiphyllous) 1, 2
Grows on another Plant (epiphyte) 1, 2
Evergreen and Deciduous
Fronds in Floral Decorations

Ferns for Acid Soil 1,
Lime-hating (Calcifluges) 2, 3, 4, 5

Ferns for Basic or Limestone Soil 1,
Ferns Found on Limestone or Basic Soils (Calciphiles) 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

Ferns for Ground Cover 1,
Ground Cover Ferns 2, 3, 4, 5
Ferns of the Atlantic Fringe with associated plants (1 - Atlantic Cliff-top Grassland, Ledges and Rough Slopes; 2 - Clay Coasts and Dunes of South-East Ireland; 3 - Limestones of Western Atlantic Coasts; 4 - Hebridean Machair; 5 - Horsetail Flushes, Ditches and Stream Margins; 6 - Water Margin Osmunda Habitats; 7 - Western, Low-lying, Wet, Acid Woodlands; 8 - Western, Oak and Oak-Birch Woodlands and Ravines, in the UK and Ireland)
Ferns in Coastal District with associated plants
(Hard Rock Cliffs, Soft Rock Cliffs, Clay Coasts, or Coastal Sand-Dunes in the UK)
Ferns of Grasslands and Rock Outcrops (Grasslands; Rocks, Quarries and Mines in the UK)
Ferns of Heath and Moorland with associated plants (1 - Bracken Heath; 2 - Ferns of Moist Heathland Slopes and Margins of Rills and Streams; 3 - Heathland Horsetails, 4 - Heathland Clubmosses, in the UK)
Ferns of Lower Mountain Habitats with associated plants (1 - Upland Slopes and Screes; 2 - Base-rich, Upland Springs and Flushes; 3 - Base-rich, Upland, Streamside Sands and Gravels; 4 - Juniper Shrub Woodland, in the UK)
Ferns for Man-Made Landscapes with associated plants (South-western Hedgebanks, Hedgerows and Ditches, Walls and Stonework, Water Mills and Wells, Lime Kilns and abandoned Lime-Workings, Pit heaps and Shale Bings, Canals, Railways and Their Environs in the UK)
Ferns of Upper Mountain Habitats with associated plants (1 - High Mountain, Basic Cliffs and Ledges; 2 - High, Cliff Gullies; 3 - High Mountain Corries, Snow Patches and Fern beds; 4 - Ridges, Plateaux and High Summits, in the UK)
Ferns for Wetlands with associated plants (1- Ponds, Flooded Mineral Workings and Wet Heathland Hollows; 2 - Lakes and Reservoirs; 3 - Fens; 4 - Ferns of the Norfolk Broads' Fens; 5 - Willow Epiphytes in the UK)
Ferns in Woodland with associated plants (1 - Dry, Lowland, Deciduous Woodland; 2 - Inland, Limestone, Valley Woodland; 3 - Base-rich Clay, Valley Woodland; 4 - Basic, Spring-fed Woodland; 5 - Ravine Woodland on Mixed Rock-types; 6 - Native Pine Forest in the UK)

Ferns in Hedges or Hedgebanks

Outdoor Containers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Rapidly Growing Fern 1, 2
Resurrection Fern
Rock Garden and Wall Ferns 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Shade Tolerant 1, 2, 3, 4
Slowly Growing Fern
Sun Tolerant 1, 2, 3, 4
House Fern in Trough Garden 1,
Fern Suitable for
Indoor Decoration 2
, 3, 4, 5, 6
House Fern in Terrarium, Wardian Case or
Bottle Garden 1,

Ferns suitable for Terrariums, Wardian Cases 2, 3, 4,
5, 6

Grow in Woodlands 1, 2, 3, 4
 

TYPE OF FERN TO GROW WITH PHOTOS
using information from
Fern Grower's Manual by Barbara Joe Hoshizaki & Robbin C. Moran and
The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1


Aquatic Ferns (Azolla, Ceratopteris, Marsilea, Pilularia, Regnellidium, Salvinia)

Boston ferns (Nephrolepis exaltata), Fishbone ferns (Nephrolepis cordifolia), Lace ferns and Sword ferns

Cloak, Lip, Hand Ferns and their Hardy Relatives (Bommeria, Cheilanthes, Doryopteris, Gymnopteris, Hemionitis, Notholaena, Paraceterach, Pellae, Pleurosorus, Quercifilix) 1,
2, 3


Davallia Ferns (Araiostegia, Davallia, Davallodes, Gymno-grammitis, Humata, Leucostegia, Scyphularia, Trogostolon) 1, 2

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes) 1, 2

Filmy and Crepe Ferns (Hymenophyllum, Trichomanes, Leptopteris) 1, 2

Lacy Ground Ferns (Culcita, Dennstaedtia, Histiopteris, Hypolepis, Leptolepia, Microlepia, Paesia, Pteridium) 1, 2

Lady Ferns and Their Allies (Allantodia, Athyrium, Diplazium, Lunathyrium, Pseudo-cystopteris, Callipteris, Cornopteris, Cystopteris) 1, 2

Maidenhair Ferns (Adiantum) 1, 2

Miscellaneous Ferns (Acrostichum, Actiniopteris, Anemia, Anogramma, Anopteris, Blotiella, Bolbitis, Christella, Coniogramma, Cryptogramma, Ctenitis, Cyclosorus, Didymochlaena, Dipteris, Elaphoglossum, Equisetum, Gymnocarpium, Llavea, Lonchitis, Lygodium, Macrothelypteris, Oeontrichia, Oleandra, Onoclea, Onychium, Oreopteris, Parathelypteris, Phegopteris, Photinopteris, Pityrogramma, Pneumatopteris, Psilotum, Stenochlaena, Thelypteris, Vittaria)
1
, 2, 3, 4 including Fern Allies of Equisetum and Psilotum or Whisk Ferns


Polypodium Ferns and Relatives (Anarthropteris, Belvisia, Campyloneurum, Colysis, Crypsinus, Dictymia, Gonphlebium, Lecanopteris, Lemmaphyllum, Lexogramme, Microgramma, Microsorum, Niphidium, Phlebodium, Phymatosurus, Pleopeltis, Polypodium, Pyrrosia, Selliguea) 1, 2, 3

Primitive Ferns and Fern Oddities (Angiopteris, Botrychium, Christensenia, Danaea, Helminthostachys, Marattia, Ophioglossum, Osmunda and Todea)

Scrambling, Umbrella, Coral and Pouch Ferns (Dicranopteris, Diploptergium, Gleichenia, Sticherus)

Shield, Buckler, Holly Ferns and their Relatives (Arachniodes, Cyrtomium, Dryopteris, Lastreopsis, Matteuccia, Polystichum, Rumohra, Tectaria and Woodsia) 1, 2, 3, 4

Spleenworts Ferns (Asplenium) 1, 2, 3

Staghorns, Elkhorns and other large epiphytes (Aglaomorpha, Drynaria, Merinthosorus, Platycerium, Pseudodrynaria) 1, 2

Fern Allies - Tassel Ferns and Clubmosses (Lycopodium)

The Brakes (Pteris) 1, 2

Tree Fern
s (Cibotium, Cnemidaria, Cyathea, Dicksonia, Nephelea and Trichipteris) 1, 2

Water, Hard, Rasp and Chain Ferns (Blechnum, Doodia, Woodwardia, Sadleria) 1, 2

Xerophytic Ferns (Actinopteris, Astrolepis, Cheilanthes, Doryopteris, Notholaena, Pellaea, Pityrogramma) 1, 2