Topic
Case Studies
...Drive
...Foundations

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants
...in Chalk (Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Lime-Free (Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Light Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape

Bulb with its 7 Flower Colours per Month Comparison Pages
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia

...Gladiolus
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......Eur Non-classified
......American A
......American B
......American C
......American D
......American E
......American F
......American G
......American H
......American I
......American J
......American K
......American L
......American M
......American N
......American O
......American P
......American Q
......American R
......American S
......American T
......American U
......American V
......American W
......American XYZ
......Ame Non-classified
......Australia - empty
......India

......Lithuania

...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil



Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs
...Aconitum
...Allium
...Alstroemeria
...Anemone

...Amaryllis
...Anthericum
...Antholyzas
...Apios
...Arisaema
...Arum
...Asphodeline

...Asphodelus
...Belamcanda
...Bloomeria
...Brodiaea
...Bulbocodium

...Calochorti
...Cyclobothrias
...Camassia
...Colchicum
...Convallaria 
...Forcing Lily of the Valley
...Corydalis
...Crinum
...Crosmia
...Montbretia
...Crocus

...Cyclamen
...Dicentra
...Dierama
...Eranthis
...Eremurus
...Erythrnium
...Eucomis

...Fritillaria
...Funkia
...Galanthus
...Galtonia
...Gladiolus
...Hemerocallis

...Hyacinth
...Hyacinths in Pots
...Scilla
...Puschkinia
...Chionodoxa
...Chionoscilla
...Muscari

...Iris
...Kniphofia
...Lapeyrousia
...Leucojum

...Lilium
...Lilium in Pots
...Malvastrum
...Merendera
...Milla
...Narcissus
...Narcissi in Pots

...Ornithogalum
...Oxalis
...Paeonia
...Ranunculus
...Romulea
...Sanguinaria
...Sternbergia
...Schizostylis
...Tecophilaea
...Trillium

...Tulip
...Zephyranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs
...Acidanthera
...Albuca
...Alstroemeri
...Andro-stephium
...Bassers
...Boussing-aultias
...Bravoas
...Cypellas
...Dahlias
...Galaxis,
...Geissorhizas
...Hesperanthas

...Gladioli
...Ixias
...Sparaxises
...Babianas
...Morphixias
...Tritonias

...Ixiolirions
...Moraeas
...Ornithogalums
...Oxalises
...Phaedra-nassas
...Pancratiums
...Tigridias
...Zephyranthes
...Cooperias


Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Greenhouse or Stove:-
...Achimenes
...Alocasias
...Amorpho-phalluses
...Arisaemas
...Arums
...Begonias
...Bomareas
...Caladiums

...Clivias
...Colocasias
...Crinums
...Cyclamens
...Cyrtanthuses
...Eucharises
...Urceocharis
...Eurycles

...Freesias
...Gloxinias
...Haemanthus
...Hippeastrums

...Lachenalias
...Nerines
...Lycorises
...Pencratiums
...Hymenocallises
...Richardias
...Sprekelias
...Tuberoses
...Vallotas
...Watsonias
...Zephyranthes

...Plant Bedding in
......Spring

......Summer
...Bulb houseplants flowering inside House during:-
......January
......February
......March
......April
......May
......June
......July
......August
......September
......October
......November
......December
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
......Dec-Jan
......Feb-Mar
......Apr-May
......Jun-Aug
......Sep-Oct
......Nov-Dec
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection

Climber
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree

...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Shrub Heathers
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr

Fern *

Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
...P -Herbaceous
...RHS Wisley
...Flower Shape
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note
Poisonous
Wildflower Plants

Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

or
you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12
with its
Explanation of
Structure of this Website with

...User Guidelines
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos

or
these Foliage Colour Wheels structures, which I have done but until I can take the photos and I am certain of the plant label's validity, these may not progress much further
All Foliage 212

All Spring Foliage 212
All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212

or
Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-

There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 1

(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 2


(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3 (o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 3


(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 4


Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew

 

It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot91a1a1a1a1a1a

Closed Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot92a1a1a1a1a1a

Opening Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot93a1a1a1a1a1a

Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot94a1a1a1a1a1a

Older Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot95a1a1a1a1a1a

Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot96a1a1a1a1a1a

Mature Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot97a1a1a1a1a1a

Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot98a1a1a1a1a1a

Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries. So one might avoid disappointment if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!

FERN PLANTS GALLERY PAGES
Site Map for pages with photo content (o)

Fern Culture
from Sections 1-10 of Ferns and Fern Culture by J. Birkenhead, F.R.H.S.
Published by John Heywood in Manchester in
May, 1892 with
Rules for Fern Culture
followed by
Sections
1 Modes of Growth
2 Compost
3 Compost for various Genera, growing in pots, pans or baskets
4 Various Habits of Ferns
5 Various Modes of Cultivation
6 Light
7 Temperature
8 Ferns in Dwelling-Houses
9 Propagation (in Use in Brackish Water in Coastal District Page)

10 Selection of Ferns

with

British Ferns and their Allies comprising the Ferns, Club-mosses, Pepperworts and Horsetails by Thomas Moore, F.L.S, F.H.S., Etc. London George Routledge and Sons, Broadway, Ludgate Hill. Hardcover published in 1861 provides details on British Ferns

TYPE OF FERN TO GROW
....Aquatic
....Boston/ Fishbone/
Lace/ Sword

....Cloak/Lip/Hand
....Filmy and Crepe
....Lacy Ground
(o)Lady
....Maidenhair
(o)Miscellaneous
(o)Primitive/ Oddities
....Scrambling/ Umbrella/ Coral/ Pouch
....Selaginellas
(o)Shield/ Buckler/ Holly
....Squirrel/ Rabbit/ Hare's Foot

....Staghorn/ Elkhorn/ Epiphyte
....Tassel, Clubmoss
....The Brakes
....The Polypodies
(o)The Spleenworts
....The Tree Ferns
....Water/ Hard/ Rasp/ Chain

USE OF FERN
(o)Cold-hardy
(o)From Lime-hating Soil
(o)From Limestone Soil
(o)Hanging Basket
(o)Indoor Decoration
(o)Outdoor Pot
(o)Terrariums
(o)Wet Soils
(o)Ground Cover
(o)Pendulous Fronds

 

Where to see

AUSTRALIA
Adelaide Botanic Garden.
Brisbane Botanic Garden.
Mount Lofty Botanic Garden.
Royal Botanic Garden, Melbourne.
Royal Botanic Garden, Sydney.

CANADA
Le Jardin Botanique de Montreal.
Les Jardins de Metis.
Van Dusen Botanical Garden.

ENGLAND
Biddulph Grange Garden.
Brodsworth Hall and Gardens.
Cambridge University Botanic Gardens.
Chelsea Physic Garden.
Harlow Carr Botanic Gardens.
RHS Garden Wisley.
Royal Botanic Gardens Kew.
Savill Gardens.
Sizergh Castle and Garden.
Southport Botanic Gardens.
Tatton Park.
Tremenheere Scupture Gardens.
University of Oxford Botanic Garden.

FRANCE
Jardin Botanique de Lyon.
Parc Phoenix-Nice.

GERMANY
Arktisch-Alpiner Garten.
Botanischer Garten und Museum.
Flora und Botanischer Garten Koln.

IRELAND
Caher Bridge Garden.
Kells Bay Gardens.

NETHERLANDS
Hortus Botanicus Leiden.

--->

SPORE COLOUR
Spore

BED PICTURES
Garden
 

Where to see

NEW ZEALAND
Franz Fernery at the Auckland Domain Park.
Pukeiti Rhododendron Trust Garden.
Pukekura Park.

SCOTLAND
Arduaine Garden.
Ascog Hall Gardens and Victorian Fernery.
Attadale Gardens.
Benmore Botanic Garden.
Glasgow Botanic Garden.
Inverewe Garden and Estate.
Linn Botanic Gardens.
Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh.

UNITED STATES
Atlanta Botanical Garden.
Balboa Park.
Barnes Foundation Arboretum.
Bartholomew's Cobble.
Bellevue Botanical Garden.
Berkshire Botanical Garden.
Bloedal Reserve.
Bok Tower Gardens.
Botanical Gardens at Asheville.
Bowman's Hill Wildflower Preserve.
Brooklyn Botanic Garden.
Cailfornia State Unversity at Sacramento.
Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies.
Chanticleer.
Chicago Botanic Garden.
Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens.
Crystal Springs Rhododendron Garden.
Dallas Arboretum and Botanical Garden.
Denver Botanic Gardens.
Elandan Gardens.
Elisabeth Carey Miller Botanical Garden.
Fairchild Tropical Botanical Garden.
Fern Canyon.
Ferndell Canyon in Griffith Park.
Fort Worth Botanic Garden.
Frelinghuysen Arboretum.
Garden in the Woods.
Garvan Woodland Gardens.
Ganna Walska Lotusland.
Georgeson Botanical Garden.
Georgia Perimeter College Botanical Gardens
--->


All
Hardy Fern Foundation members have unlimited access to our spore exchange and can choose from a wide variety of ferns. Our resource pages include publications and books about ferns as well as
useful websites.

A Natural History of Britain's Ferns by Christopher N. Page. Published by William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd in 1988. ISBN 0 00 219382 5 (limpback edition) provides details of Coastal, Man-made Landscapes, Woodland, Wetland, Grassland and Rock Outcrops, Heath and Moorland, Lower Mountain Habitats, Upper Mountain Habitats and Atlantic Fringe Ferns.
I have provided a brief summary in the Ferns in Coastal District with associated plants and Ferns for Man-Made Landscapes with associated plants pages and provided you with the Chapter number for the others, since the information within this book is so comprehensive, that it would need to be completely copied to be of most use.

Tree Ferns by Mark F. Large & John E. Braggins. Published by Timber Press in 2004. ISBN 978-1-60469-176-4 is a scientifically accurate book dealing with Tree Fern species cultivated in the United States and the Pacific, but little known and rare tree ferns are also included.

The Observer's Book of Ferns, revised by Francis Rose, previous editions compiled by W.J.Stokoe. Published by Frederick Warne & Co. Ltd in 1965 provides a comprehensive guide to 45 British species of Ferns. It provides details of habitat and how to use those ferns.

The Plant Lover's Guide to Ferns by Richard Steffen & Sue Olsen. Published in 2015 by Timber Press, Inc. ISBN 978-1-60469-
474-1. It provides details on designing with ferns and details on 140 ferns for the garden in the USA.

Success with Indoor Ferns, edited by Lesley Young. Reprinted 1998. ISBN 1 85391 554 8. It details the care of indoor ferns with their position, choice and fern care.


See
Ferns in Britain and Ireland
or the

British Pteridological Society
for further details and photos.

Mail Order UK Fern Nursery
Shady Plants has ferns for
Vertical Fern Gardens and Companion Plants for growing with Ferns.

 

Where to see

UNITED STATES
Harry P. Leu Gardens.
Hawaii Tropical Botanical Garden.
Holden Arboretum.
Honolulu Botanical Gardens.
Huntington Botanical Gardens.
Huntsville-Madison County Botanical Garden.
Inniswood Metro Gardens.
Kruckeberg Botanic Garden.
Lakewold Gardens.
Leach Botanical Garden.
Leonard J. Buck Garden.
Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden.
Longwood Gardens.
Lyndhurst Gardens.
Marie Selby Botanical Gardens.
Matthaei Botanical Gardens.
Memphis Botanic Garden.
Mendocino Coast Botanical Gardens.
Mercer Arboretum and Botanic Gardens.
Michigan State University.
Missouri Botanical Garden.
Morris Arboretum of the University of Pennsylvania.
Mount Pisgah Arboretum.
Mt. Cuba Center.
National Tropical Botanical Garden.
New Jersey State Botanical Garden at Skyland.
New York Botanical Garden.
Norfolk Botanical Garden.
North Carolina Botanical Garden.
Olbrich Botanical Garden.
Phipps Conservatory and Botanical Gardens.
Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park.
Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden.
Rhododendron Species Botanical Garden.
Rotary Gardens.
--->
 

TYPE OF FERN TO GROW WITH PHOTOS
using information from
Fern Grower's Manual by Barbara Joe Hoshizaki & Robbin C. Moran and
The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1


Aquatic Ferns (Azolla, Ceratopteris, Marsilea, Pilularia, Regnellidium, Salvinia)

Boston ferns (Nephrolepis exaltata), Fishbone ferns (Nephrolepis cordifolia), Lace ferns and Sword ferns

Cloak, Lip, Hand Ferns and their Hardy Relatives (Bommeria, Cheilanthes, Doryopteris, Gymnopteris, Hemionitis, Notholaena, Paraceterach, Pellae, Pleurosorus, Quercifilix) 1, 2

Davallia Ferns (Araiostegia, Davallia, Davallodes, Gymno-grammitis, Humata, Leucostegia, Scyphularia, Trogostolon) 1, 2

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes)

Filmy and Crepe Ferns (Hymenophyllum, Trichomanes, Leptopteris) 1, 2

Lacy Ground Ferns (Culcita, Dennstaedtia, Histiopteris, Hypolepis, Leptolepia, Microlepia, Paesia, Pteridium)

Lady Ferns and Their Allies (Allantodia, Athyrium, Diplazium, Lunathyrium, Pseudo-cystopteris, Callipteris, Cornopteris, Cystopteris) 1, 2

Maidenhair Ferns (Adiantum) 1, 2

Miscellaneous Ferns (Acrostichum, Actiniopteris, Anemia, Anogramma, Anopteris, Blotiella, Bolbitis, Christella, Coniogramma, Cryptogramma, Ctenitis, Cyclosorus, Didymochlaena, Dipteris, Elaphoglossum, Equisetum, Gymnocarpium, Llavea, Lonchitis, Lygodium, Macrothelypteris, Oentrichia, Oleandra, Onoclea, Onychium, Oreopteris, Parathelypteris, Phegopteris, Photinopteris, Pityrogramma, Pneumatopteris, Psilotum, Stenochlaena, Thelypteris, Vittaria) 1, 2, 3 including Fern Allies of Equisetum and Psilotum or Whisk Ferns

Polypodium Ferns and Relatives (Anarthropteris, Belvisia, Campyloneurum, Colysis, Crypsinus, Dictymia, Gonphlebium, Lecanopteris, Lemmaphyllum, Lexogramme, Microgramma, Microsorum, Niphidium, Phlebodium, Phymatosurus, Pleopeltis, Polypodium, Pyrrosia, Selliguea) 1, 2, 3

Primitive Ferns and Fern Oddities (Angiopteris, Botrychium, Christensenia, Danaea, Helminthostachys, Marattia, Ophioglossum, Osmunda and Todea)

Scrambling, Umbrella, Coral and Pouch Ferns (Dicranopteris, Diploptergium, Gleichenia, Sticherus)

Shield, Buckler, Holly Ferns and their Relatives (Arachniodes, Cyrtomium, Dryopteris, Lastreopsis, Matteuccia, Polystichum, Rumohra, Tectaria and Woodsia) 1, 2, 3

Spleenworts Ferns (Asplenium) 1, 2

Staghorns, Elkhorns and other large epiphytes (Aglaomorpha, Drynaria, Merinthosorus, Platycerium, Pseudodrynaria) 1, 2

Fern Allies - Tassel Ferns and Clubmosses (Lycopodium)

The Brakes (Pteris) 1, 2

Tree Fern
s (Cibotium, Cnemidaria, Cyathea, Dicksonia, Nephelea and Trichipteris) 1, 2

Water, Hard, Rasp and Chain Ferns (Blechnum, Doodia, Woodwardia, Sadleria) 1, 2

Xerophytic Ferns (Actinopteris, Astrolepis, Cheilanthes, Doryopteris, Notholaena, Pellaea, Pityrogramma)
 

Where to see

UNITED STATES
San Antonio Botanical Garden.
San Diego Botanic Garden.
San Francisco Botanical Garden at Strybing Arboretum.
Sarah P.Duke Gardens.
Tyringham Cobble.
UNC at Charlotte Botanical Gardens.
University of California Botanical Garden at Berkeley.
USCS Arboretum.
Whitehall Historic Home and Garden.
Wild Gardens of Acadia.
Zilker Botanical Garden.

WALES
Aberglasney Gardens.
Dewstow Gardens.
Dyffryn Gardens.



 

USE OF FERN WITH PHOTOS
using information from Fern Grower's Manual by Barbara Joe Hoshizaki & Robbin C. Moran and
The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1


Outdoor Use in
Northeastern United States
Zones 3-6
Southeastern United States Zones 6-8
Southern Florida and Hawaii Zones 10-11
Central United States Zones 3-6
Northwestern United States Zones 5-8 with some Zone 9
Southwestern United States Zones 6-9
Coastal Central and Southern California Zones 9-10

Accent
Aquatic 1, 2

Basket 1,
Ferns for Hanging Baskets 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Ferns for Hanging Baskets with Pendulous Fronds or weeping Growth Habit 7, 8

Bog or Wet-Soil 1,
Ferns for Wet Soils 2, 3

Border and Foundation
Cold-hardy Ferns 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Colour in Fern Fronds
Conservatory (Stove House) or Heated Greenhouse 1, 2
Drier Soil
Evergreen and Deciduous
Fronds in Floral Decorations

Ferns for Acid Soil 1,
Lime-hating (Calcifluges) 2

Ferns for Basic or Limestone Soil 1,
Ferns Found on Limestone or Basic Soils (Calciphiles) 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Ferns for Ground Cover 1,
Ground Cover Ferns 2, 3

Ferns of the Atlantic Fringe with associated plants (1 - Atlantic Cliff-top Grassland, Ledges and Rough Slopes; 2 - Clay Coasts and Dunes of South-East Ireland; 3 - Limestones of Western Atlantic Coasts; 4 - Hebridean Machair; 5 - Horsetail Flushes, Ditches and Stream Margins; 6 - Water Margin Osmunda Habitats; 7 - Western, Low-lying, Wet, Acid Woodlands; 8 - Western, Oak and Oak-Birch Woodlands and Ravines, in the UK and Ireland)
Ferns in Coastal District with associated plants
(Hard Rock Cliffs, Soft Rock Cliffs, Clay Coasts, or Coastal Sand-Dunes in the UK)
Ferns of Grasslands and Rock Outcrops (Grasslands; Rocks, Quarries and Mines in the UK)
Ferns of Heath and Moorland with associated plants (1 - Bracken Heath; 2 - Ferns of Moist Heathland Slopes and Margins of Rills and Streams; 3 - Heathland Horsetails, 4 - Heathland Clubmosses, in the UK)
Ferns of Lower Mountain Habitats with associated plants (1 - Upland Slopes and Screes; 2 - Base-rich, Upland Springs and Flushes; 3 - Base-rich, Upland, Streamside Sands and Gravels; 4 - Juniper Shrub Woodland, in the UK)
Ferns for Man-Made Landscapes with associated plants (South-western Hedgebanks, Hedgerows and Ditches, Walls and Stonework, Water Mills and Wells, Lime Kilns and abandoned Lime-Workings, Pit heaps and Shale Bings, Canals, Railways and Their Environs in the UK)
Ferns of Upper Mountain Habitats with associated plants (1 - High Mountain, Basic Cliffs and Ledges; 2 - High, Cliff Gullies; 3 - High Mountain Corries, Snow Patches and Fern beds; 4 - Ridges, Plateaux and High Summits, in the UK)
Ferns for Wetlands with associated plants (1- Ponds, Flooded Mineral Workings and Wet Heathland Hollows; 2 - Lakes and Reservoirs; 3 - Fens; 4 - Ferns of the Norfolk Broads' Fens; 5 - Willow Epiphytes in the UK)
Ferns in Woodland with associated plants (1 - Dry, Lowland, Deciduous Woodland; 2 - Inland, Limestone, Valley Woodland; 3 - Base-rich Clay, Valley Woodland; 4 - Basic, Spring-fed Woodland; 5 - Ravine Woodland on Mixed Rock-types; 6 - Native Pine Forest in the UK)


Ferns in Hedges or Hedgebanks

Outdoor Containers 1, 2, 3, 4

Rapidly Growing Fern 1, 2
Rock Garden and Wall Ferns 1, 2
Shade Tolerant

Slowly Growing Fern
Sun Tolerant 1, 2

House Fern in Trough Garden 1,
Fern Suitable for
Indoor Decoration 2
, 3, 4

House Fern in Terrarium or
Bottle Garden 1,

Ferns suitable for Terrariums 2, 3, 4
 

Grow in Woodlands
 


TYPE OF FERN - Filmy Ferns Page 1 or 2
"Filmy ferns have been grown successfully in botanical gardens and private collections and were popularly grown in Wardian cases in England during the Victorian era, These mostly small ferns are distinctive by their membraneous leaves usually one cell thick between the veins. Because of their thinness, the plants require high humidity and shade. They also require good drainage. In nature most grow as epiphytes or terrestrially, and the group reaches its greatest development in tropical montane forests that are covered by clouds most of the day and have an abundance of mosses on tree trunks and branches.
Special chambers or houses, often located in a shady corner of a greenhouse, can be built to hold filmy ferns. An intermittent misting system should be insalle and, depending on the climate, possibly some means of cooling. Further cutivation details in Fern Grower's Manual by Barbara Joe Hoshizaki & Robbin C. Moran."

TYPE OF FERN - Filmy and Crepe Ferns (Hymenophyllum, Trichomanes, Leptopteris)
"The Filmy Ferns are an interesting group found in very moist, shady, sheltered conditions. In size they range from tiny plants with fronds less than 1 cm (0.5 inch) long to giants nearly 200 cms (80 inchs) long.The common name arises from the membranous thinly-textured fronds of most species, which vary from 1 to a few cells thick.
The Crepe Ferns belong to the genus Leptopteris. They too grow in moist, sheltered conditions and have membraneous fronds. They are not related to Filmy Ferns but as they have similar cultural requirements they are included with them.
Filmy Ferns are rarely cultivated except by ardent enthusiasts or in botanical collections. Their specialized demands for high humidity, nearly constant moisture, shade and shelter from sun and wind, mean that they are not suitable for growing in a mixed fern collection, but must be enclosed in a structure which provides their requirements.
Habitat
Filmy Ferns are commonest in protected environments that are almost contuously wet, although hardier types will grow in situations where dry periods occur. Their fronds may curl, but they can absorb water directly through the frond surface and can be readily refreshened by light showers, mist or even heavy dew. Filmy Ferns grow on mossy trunks, branches and twigs of trees, on dripping rock faces, ledges and boulders and as terrestrials in wet earth. Crepe Ferns are invariably terretrials in most, sheltered situations.
Uses
Filmy Ferns are extremely attractive ferns, but have limited use horticulturally because of their very specialized requirements. Some of the compact species are excellent for terrariums or bottle culture and can be grown indoors. The hardier species can be grown in pots in greenhouses or ferneries. To grow a large range however, specialized containers must be used or special structures built.

Their Cultivation, Sp[ecial Containers, Potting Mix, Watering, Fertilizing, Situation, Pests and Propagation details are given in Chapter 38 of The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1.

The following ferns come from Chapter 38:-"

 

Fern

Foliage Colour and
Shape/ Division

Height x Spread in inches (cms)
(1 inch =
2.5 cms,
12 inches =
1 foot
12 inches =
30 cms,
24 inches =
2 feet,
3 feet =
1 yard,
40 inches = 100 cms)
 

Type of Fern to Grow

Use of Fern

Comments

Frond

Credit
is usually from Denver Botanic Gardens,
Wikimedia Commons,
Dana Kelley Bressette of Nativeplants PNW.com
or
Chris Garnons-Williams

Form

Leptopteris fraseri
Australian Crepe Fern

 

 

Filmy and Crepe Ferns (Hymenophyllum, Trichomanes, Leptopteris)

 

Propagation: By spores sown on surface of sandy peat in shallow pan covered with bell-glass in temperature 65-75F (18-24C) at any time; by division of plants at pottting time.

Suitable for

 

Greenhouse evergreen fern with finely or coarsely divided fronds, dark green, mostly semi-transparent, previously known as Todea. First introduced mid-nineteenth century.
Culture: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, charcoal, sandstone and silver sand. Position, moist, shady, in damp resesses of rockeries, under bell-glasses or in cases. Plant. March. Water freely March to October, moderately October to March. Moist atmosphere and shade most essential but syringing unsatisfactory.
Temperature, March to September 55-65F (13-18C), September to March 45-55F (7-13C). Leptopteris superba and Leptopteris hymeno-phylloides suitable for cold houses.
Culture in Cases: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, charcoal, sandstone and silver sand. Position, shady window, not exposed to sun. Pot or plant, March. Top-dress with fresh compost annually in March. Water freely April to September, moderately afterwards. Ventilate case few minutes daily. Suitable species are Leptopteris superbs and Leptopteris hymeno-phylloides.

 

item1p1

 

item1a14a

Leptopteris hymeno-phylloides (Todea hymeno-phylloides)
Crepe Fern

New Zealand

 

 

Filmy and Crepe Ferns (Hymenophyllum, Trichomanes, Leptopteris)

 

Propagation: By spores sown on surface of sandy peat in shallow pan covered with bell-glass in temperature 65-75F (18-24C) at any time; by division of plants at pottting time.

Suitable for

 

Greenhouse evergreen fern with finely or coarsely divided fronds, dark green, mostly semi-transparent, previously known as Todea. First introduced mid-nineteenth century.
Culture: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, charcoal, sandstone and silver sand. Position, moist, shady, in damp resesses of rockeries, under bell-glasses or in cases. Plant. March. Water freely March to October, moderately October to March. Moist atmosphere and shade most essential but syringing unsatisfactory.
Temperature, March to September 55-65F (13-18C), September to March 45-55F (7-13C). Leptopteris superba and Leptopteris hymeno-phylloides suitable for cold houses.
Culture in Cases: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, charcoal, sandstone and silver sand. Position, shady window, not exposed to sun. Pot or plant, March. Top-dress with fresh compost annually in March. Water freely April to September, moderately afterwards. Ventilate case few minutes daily. Suitable species are Leptopteris superbs and Leptopteris hymeno-phylloides.

 

leptopterishymenophylloidespforwikimediacommons

leptopterishymenophylloidespfolwikimediacommons

Leptopteris hymenophylloides in Mount Ngongotaha Scenic Reserve near Rotorua, Bay of Plenty Region, North Island of New Zealand. Date: 25 March 2019. By Krzysztof Golik, via Wikimedia Commons.

 

Leptopteris hymenophylloides in Waioeka Gorge Scenic Reserve (New Zealand). Date: 27 November 2017. By Krzysztof Ziarnek, Kenraiz, via Wikimedia Commons.

 

Leptopteris hymenophylloides in Mount Ngongotaha Scenic Reserve near Rotorua, New Zealand. Date: 28 November 2017. By Krzysztof Ziarnek, Kenraiz, via Wikimedia Commons.

leptopterishymenophylloidespfruwikimediacommons

Leptopteris superba
Prince Of Wales Feather/ Crepe Fern

New Zealand

 

 

Filmy and Crepe Ferns (Hymenophyllum, Trichomanes, Leptopteris)

 

Propagation: By spores sown on surface of sandy peat in shallow pan covered with bell-glass in temperature 65-75F (18-24C) at any time; by division of plants at pottting time.

Suitable for

 

Greenhouse evergreen fern with finely or coarsely divided fronds, dark green, mostly semi-transparent, previously known as Todea. First introduced mid-nineteenth century.
Culture: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, charcoal, sandstone and silver sand. Position, moist, shady, in damp resesses of rockeries, under bell-glasses or in cases. Plant. March. Water freely March to October, moderately October to March. Moist atmosphere and shade most essential but syringing unsatisfactory.
Temperature, March to September 55-65F (13-18C), September to March 45-55F (7-13C). Leptopteris superba and Leptopteris hymeno-phylloides suitable for cold houses.
Culture in Cases: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, charcoal, sandstone and silver sand. Position, shady window, not exposed to sun. Pot or plant, March. Top-dress with fresh compost annually in March. Water freely April to September, moderately afterwards. Ventilate case few minutes daily. Suitable species are Leptopteris superbs and Leptopteris hymeno-phylloides.

 

leptopterissuperbapfor1wikimediacommons

 

leptopterissuperbapfruwikimediacommons

Leptopteris superba at Lake Marian Trail, Southland (New Zealand). Date: 19 November 2017. By Krzysztof Ziarnek, Kenraiz, via Wikimedia Commons.

Leptopteris superba at Lake Marian Trail, Southland (New Zealand). Date: 19 November 2017. By Krzysztof Ziarnek, Kenraiz, via Wikimedia Commons.

Prince of Wales feathers (Leptopteris superba), a fern species endemic to NZ, at Lake Matheson near Fox Glacier, South Island, New Zealand. Date: 17 January 2015. By MurielBendel , via Wikimedia Commons.

Leptopteris superba at Lake Marian Trail, Southland (New Zealand). Date: 19 November 2017. By Krzysztof Ziarnek, Kenraiz, via Wikimedia Commons.

leptopterissuperbapfor2wikimediacommons

 

leptopterissuperbapfor3wikimediacommons

Trichomanes baueriana

 

 

Filmy and Crepe Ferns (Hymenophyllum, Trichomanes, Leptopteris)

 

Propagation: By spores sown on surface of sandy peat in shallow pan covered with bell-glass in temperature 65-75F (18-24C) at any time; division at potting time.

Suitable for

 

Greenhouse filmy fern. Fronds more or less divided, semi-transparent.
Culture: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, charcoal, sandstone and silver sand. Position, moist, shady recesses of rockeries, under bell-glasses or in cases. Plant, March. Water freely March to OCtober, moderately afterwards; syringing unsuitable. Damp atmosphere and shade most essential.
Temperature, March to September 55-65F (13-18C), September to March 45-55F (7-13C). The Killarney fern is best grown in a cool house, frame in complete shade or wardian case. Provide plenty of sandstone for rhizomes to cling to. Constant moisture essential.
Culture in Cases in Rooms:Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, charcoal, sandstone and silver sand. Position, shady window. Plant, March. Top-dress with fresh compost annually in March. Water freely April to September, moderatley afterwards. Ventilate case a few minutes daily. Species most suitable is Trichomanes radicans.

Greenhouse filmy fern.

item1e1a

 

item1a3a1

Trichomanes bipunctatum

 

 

Filmy and Crepe Ferns (Hymenophyllum, Trichomanes, Leptopteris)

 

Propagation: By spores sown on surface of sandy peat in shallow pan covered with bell-glass in temperature 65-75F (18-24C) at any time; division at potting time.

Suitable for

 

Greenhouse filmy fern. Fronds more or less divided, semi-transparent.
Culture: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, charcoal, sandstone and silver sand. Position, moist, shady recesses of rockeries, under bell-glasses or in cases. Plant, March. Water freely March to OCtober, moderately afterwards; syringing unsuitable. Damp atmosphere and shade most essential.
Temperature, March to September 55-65F (13-18C), September to March 45-55F (7-13C). The Killarney fern is best grown in a cool house, frame in complete shade or wardian case. Provide plenty of sandstone for rhizomes to cling to. Constant moisture essential.
Culture in Cases in Rooms:Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, charcoal, sandstone and silver sand. Position, shady window. Plant, March. Top-dress with fresh compost annually in March. Water freely April to September, moderatley afterwards. Ventilate case a few minutes daily. Species most suitable is Trichomanes radicans.

Greenhouse filmy fern.

item1c1a1

 

item1a1a1a

Trichomanes caudatum
Jungle Bristle Fern

 

 

Filmy and Crepe Ferns (Hymenophyllum, Trichomanes, Leptopteris)

 

Propagation: By spores sown on surface of sandy peat in shallow pan covered with bell-glass in temperature 65-75F (18-24C) at any time; division at potting time.

Suitable for

 

Greenhouse filmy fern. Fronds more or less divided, semi-transparent.
Culture: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, charcoal, sandstone and silver sand. Position, moist, shady recesses of rockeries, under bell-glasses or in cases. Plant, March. Water freely March to OCtober, moderately afterwards; syringing unsuitable. Damp atmosphere and shade most essential.
Temperature, March to September 55-65F (13-18C), September to March 45-55F (7-13C). The Killarney fern is best grown in a cool house, frame in complete shade or wardian case. Provide plenty of sandstone for rhizomes to cling to. Constant moisture essential.
Culture in Cases in Rooms:Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, charcoal, sandstone and silver sand. Position, shady window. Plant, March. Top-dress with fresh compost annually in March. Water freely April to September, moderatley afterwards. Ventilate case a few minutes daily. Species most suitable is Trichomanes radicans.

Greenhouse filmy fern.

item1o1a

 

item1a13a1

Trichomanes reniforme

 

 

Filmy and Crepe Ferns (Hymenophyllum, Trichomanes, Leptopteris)

 

Propagation: By spores sown on surface of sandy peat in shallow pan covered with bell-glass in temperature 65-75F (18-24C) at any time; division at potting time.

Suitable for

 

Greenhouse filmy fern. Fronds more or less divided, semi-transparent.
Culture: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, charcoal, sandstone and silver sand. Position, moist, shady recesses of rockeries, under bell-glasses or in cases. Plant, March. Water freely March to OCtober, moderately afterwards; syringing unsuitable. Damp atmosphere and shade most essential.
Temperature, March to September 55-65F (13-18C), September to March 45-55F (7-13C). The Killarney fern is best grown in a cool house, frame in complete shade or wardian case. Provide plenty of sandstone for rhizomes to cling to. Constant moisture essential.
Culture in Cases in Rooms:Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, charcoal, sandstone and silver sand. Position, shady window. Plant, March. Top-dress with fresh compost annually in March. Water freely April to September, moderatley afterwards. Ventilate case a few minutes daily. Species most suitable is Trichomanes radicans.

Greenhouse filmy fern.

item1c11a1

 

item1a1k1a

Trichomanes saxifragoides

 

 

Filmy and Crepe Ferns (Hymenophyllum, Trichomanes, Leptopteris)

 

Propagation: By spores sown on surface of sandy peat in shallow pan covered with bell-glass in temperature 65-75F (18-24C) at any time; division at potting time.

Suitable for

 

Greenhouse filmy fern. Fronds more or less divided, semi-transparent.
Culture: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, charcoal, sandstone and silver sand. Position, moist, shady recesses of rockeries, under bell-glasses or in cases. Plant, March. Water freely March to OCtober, moderately afterwards; syringing unsuitable. Damp atmosphere and shade most essential.
Temperature, March to September 55-65F (13-18C), September to March 45-55F (7-13C). The Killarney fern is best grown in a cool house, frame in complete shade or wardian case. Provide plenty of sandstone for rhizomes to cling to. Constant moisture essential.
Culture in Cases in Rooms:Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, charcoal, sandstone and silver sand. Position, shady window. Plant, March. Top-dress with fresh compost annually in March. Water freely April to September, moderatley afterwards. Ventilate case a few minutes daily. Species most suitable is Trichomanes radicans.

Greenhouse filmy fern.

item1d11a1

 

item1a2k1a

Trichomanes venosum
Veined Bristle Fern

 

 

Filmy and Crepe Ferns (Hymenophyllum, Trichomanes, Leptopteris)

 

Propagation: By spores sown on surface of sandy peat in shallow pan covered with bell-glass in temperature 65-75F (18-24C) at any time; division at potting time.

Suitable for

 

Greenhouse filmy fern. Fronds more or less divided, semi-transparent.
Culture: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, charcoal, sandstone and silver sand. Position, moist, shady recesses of rockeries, under bell-glasses or in cases. Plant, March. Water freely March to OCtober, moderately afterwards; syringing unsuitable. Damp atmosphere and shade most essential.
Temperature, March to September 55-65F (13-18C), September to March 45-55F (7-13C). The Killarney fern is best grown in a cool house, frame in complete shade or wardian case. Provide plenty of sandstone for rhizomes to cling to. Constant moisture essential.
Culture in Cases in Rooms:Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, charcoal, sandstone and silver sand. Position, shady window. Plant, March. Top-dress with fresh compost annually in March. Water freely April to September, moderatley afterwards. Ventilate case a few minutes daily. Species most suitable is Trichomanes radicans.

Greenhouse filmy fern.

item1n1a

 

item1a12a1

Trichomanes minutum

 

 

Filmy and Crepe Ferns (Hymenophyllum, Trichomanes, Leptopteris)

 

Propagation: By spores sown on surface of sandy peat in shallow pan covered with bell-glass in temperature 65-75F (18-24C) at any time; division at potting time.

Suitable for

 

Greenhouse filmy fern. Fronds more or less divided, semi-transparent.
Culture: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, charcoal, sandstone and silver sand. Position, moist, shady recesses of rockeries, under bell-glasses or in cases. Plant, March. Water freely March to OCtober, moderately afterwards; syringing unsuitable. Damp atmosphere and shade most essential.
Temperature, March to September 55-65F (13-18C), September to March 45-55F (7-13C). The Killarney fern is best grown in a cool house, frame in complete shade or wardian case. Provide plenty of sandstone for rhizomes to cling to. Constant moisture essential.
Culture in Cases in Rooms:Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, charcoal, sandstone and silver sand. Position, shady window. Plant, March. Top-dress with fresh compost annually in March. Water freely April to September, moderatley afterwards. Ventilate case a few minutes daily. Species most suitable is Trichomanes radicans.

Greenhouse filmy fern.

item1c6a1a

 

item1a1f1a1

Trichomanes obscurum

 

 

Filmy and Crepe Ferns (Hymenophyllum, Trichomanes, Leptopteris)

 

Propagation: By spores sown on surface of sandy peat in shallow pan covered with bell-glass in temperature 65-75F (18-24C) at any time; division at potting time.

Suitable for

 

Greenhouse filmy fern. Fronds more or less divided, semi-transparent.
Culture: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, charcoal, sandstone and silver sand. Position, moist, shady recesses of rockeries, under bell-glasses or in cases. Plant, March. Water freely March to OCtober, moderately afterwards; syringing unsuitable. Damp atmosphere and shade most essential.
Temperature, March to September 55-65F (13-18C), September to March 45-55F (7-13C). The Killarney fern is best grown in a cool house, frame in complete shade or wardian case. Provide plenty of sandstone for rhizomes to cling to. Constant moisture essential.
Culture in Cases in Rooms:Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, charcoal, sandstone and silver sand. Position, shady window. Plant, March. Top-dress with fresh compost annually in March. Water freely April to September, moderatley afterwards. Ventilate case a few minutes daily. Species most suitable is Trichomanes radicans.

Greenhouse filmy fern.

item1d6a1a

 

item1a2f1a1

Trichomanes radicans

 

 

Filmy and Crepe Ferns (Hymenophyllum, Trichomanes, Leptopteris)

 

Propagation: By spores sown on surface of sandy peat in shallow pan covered with bell-glass in temperature 65-75F (18-24C) at any time; division at potting time.

Suitable for

 

Greenhouse filmy fern. Fronds more or less divided, semi-transparent.
Culture: Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, charcoal, sandstone and silver sand. Position, moist, shady recesses of rockeries, under bell-glasses or in cases. Plant, March. Water freely March to OCtober, moderately afterwards; syringing unsuitable. Damp atmosphere and shade most essential.
Temperature, March to September 55-65F (13-18C), September to March 45-55F (7-13C). The Killarney fern is best grown in a cool house, frame in complete shade or wardian case. Provide plenty of sandstone for rhizomes to cling to. Constant moisture essential.
Culture in Cases in Rooms:Compost, equal parts peat, loam, leaf-mould, charcoal, sandstone and silver sand. Position, shady window. Plant, March. Top-dress with fresh compost annually in March. Water freely April to September, moderatley afterwards. Ventilate case a few minutes daily. Species most suitable is Trichomanes radicans.

Greenhouse filmy fern.

item1i1a1

 

item1a7a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

item1c9a1

 

item1a1i1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

item1d9a1

 

item1a2i1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

item1l1a

 

item1a10a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

item1c8a1

 

item1a1h1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

item1d8a1

 

item1a2h1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

item1k1a

 

item1a9a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

item1c7a1

 

item1a1g1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

item1d7a1

 

item1a2g1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

item1j1a

 

item1a8a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

item1c6a1

 

item1a1f1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

item1d6a1

 

item1a2f1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

If you grow and sell ferns in any country, please tell me so that I can put them on this website and inform others where they can be bought online via mail-order.

If you would provide photos and fern details to be only used by me on this website, they would be gratefully received, since I could assume that the photo was a valid one in regard to its name of fern in its filename to that fern in the photo.

 

Site design and content copyright ©January 2009.
Page structure amended December 2012.
Gallery structure changed November 2018.
Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

 

Fern Grower's Manual by Barbara Joe Hoshizaki & Robbin C. Moran. Revised and Expanded Edition. Published in 2001 by Timber Press, Inc. Reprinted 2002, 2006. ISBN-13:978-0-88192-495-4.
"This book is mainly written for people seriously interested in growing ferns, knowing their names and what makes them similar or different, and appreciating their diversity. It is not a coffee-table book, nor a chatty type of garden book meant for light reading. Beginning fern amateurs may find more information than they need, but they will also find information useful at their level. Although this book primarily is a reference, it is also for browsing and gleaning bits of information not readily found elsewhere.
The core information in this book will be particularly helpful to plant people who want to grow or identify different ferns and fern allies." from the Preface to the above book.