Topic
Case Studies
Companion Planting

...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design

...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
 

 

Plants
...Plant Selection of 6 levels with lists by:

1 - Plant Use including Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers, Groundcover and
Poisonous Plants

2 - Plants for Soil
Any, Chalk, Clay, Lime-free, Sandy, Peaty
2a Plant Requirements
2b Form - Tree Growth Shape
Columnar

2b Shrub/ Perennial Growth Habit
Mat

2c - Garden Use
Bedding

2d - Plant Type
Bulb


Refining Selection
3a - Flower Colour
Blue Flowers
Photos -
Bedding

Bulb
Climber
Evergr Per
Evergr Shrub
Wild Flower
3b - Flower Shape
Photos -
Bedding

Evergr Per
Herbac Per
3c - Foliage Colour
Large Leaves

Other

Non-Green Foliage 1
Non-Green Foliage 2
Sword-shaped Leaves

4 - Pruning Requirements
Pruning Plants

5 - 1000 Groundcover Plants
Plant Name - A

6 - Then, finally use
COMPANION PLANTING to

aid your plant selected or to
deter Pests



Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
Bulb
Climber

 

Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12

All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index

All Foliage 212
All Spring Foliage 212

All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212
Rock Plant Flowers 53

 

Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...Infill2 Plants
...Infill3 Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...All2 Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position,
Use Index

...Shape, Form
Index

 

Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
...Trees -
Deciduous

Evergreen Perennial
 

Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Shrub Heathers
......Gallery,
......Species Index Page with
......Pages describing each Heather of that Species Index Page

......Andromeda
.........Andromeda In
......
Bruckenthalia
......Calluna
.........Index AC
.........AB-AP,
.........AP-BU,
.........BU-CW,
.........
Index D-G
.........DB-FA,
.........FA-GO,
.........GO-GU,
.........
Index H-L
.........HA-IN,
.........IN-LO,
.........LO-LY,
.........
Index M-R
.........MA-PA,
.........PA-RO,
.........RO-RU,
.........
Index S-Z
.........SA-SO,
.........SP-WH,
.........WI-YV

......Daboecia
.........Daboecia In
.........Index
.........cantabrica
.........x scotica

......Erica: Carnea
.........Carnea Index
.........AD-JO
.........JO-RO
.........RU-WI
......Erica: Cinerea
.........Index
.........AM-HE,
.........HO-RO,
.........RO-WI

......Erica: Others
.........Others Index
.........Others 1 *
.........Others 2
.........Others 3
.........Others 4
.........
Darleyensis In
.........darleyensis 1
.........darleyensis 2
.........
Tetralix Index
.........tetralix
.........
Vagans Index
.........vagans
...Heather Shrub
...Heather Index

 

Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods

Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable

Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

 

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY

 

Cultivation Requirements of Plant

Outdoor / Garden Cultivation

1

Indoor / House Cultivation

1

Cool Greenhouse (and Alpine House) Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter

1

Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year

1

Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

1

 

Sun Aspect

Full Sun

1

Part Shade

1

Full Shade

1

 

Soil Type

Any Soil

1

Chalky Soil

1

Clay Soil

1

Lime-Free Soil

1

Peaty Soil

1

Sandy Soil

1

Acid Soil

1

Alkaline Soil

1

Badly-drained Soil

1

 

Soil Moisture

Dry

1

Moist

1

Wet

1

 

Position for Plant

Back of Shady Border

1

Back of Shrub Border

1

Bedding

1

Bog Garden

1

Coastal Conditions / Seaside

1

Container in Garden

1

Front of Border

1

Ground Cover 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

1

Ground Cover 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

1

Ground Cover Over 72 inches (180 cms)

1

Hanging Basket

1

Hedge

1

Hedge - Thorny

1

Pollution Barrier

1

Pond

1

Pot in House, Greenhouse, Conservatory or Stovehouse

1

Raised Bed

1

Rest of Border

1

Rock Garden

1

Scree Bed

1

Speciman on Lawn

1

Sunny Border

1

Tree for Lawn

1

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden

1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9, 10,
11,12,
13,14,
15,16,
uses of tree/ shrub

Wildflower

1

Windbreak

1

Woodland

1

 

Use of Plant

Pollen or nectar for Bees

1

Hosts to Butterflies

1

Encouraging birds / wildlife, providing food and shelter

1

Bee-Pollinated plants for Hay Fever Sufferers

1

Berries / Fruit

1

Dry Site in Full Sun

1

Dry Shade

1

Filtering noise

1

Flower Arrange-ments

1

Fragrant Flower

1

Language of Flowers

1

Low maintenance

1

Moist Shade

1

Moist and swampy Sites

1

Nitrogen fixing plants

1

Not Fragrant Flower

1

Rabbit-Resistant

1

Speciman Plant

1

Thornless

1

Tolerant of Poor Soil

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Plant Foliage

Aromatic Foliage

1

Autumn Foliage

1

Finely Cut Leaves

1

Large Leaves

1

Yellow Variegated Foliage

1

White Variegated Foliage

1

Red / Purple Variegated Foliage

1

Silver, Grey and Glaucous Foliage

1

Sword-shaped Leaves

1

 

 

Flower Shape

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less
lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

1 Petal

1

2 Petals

1

3 Petals
irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

4 Petals
aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

5 Petals
anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Above 5
anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars
anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bowls
 

1

Cups and Saucers
euphorbiacflo1wallichiigarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Globes
paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Goblets and Chalices
paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Trumpets
acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Funnels
stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bells
digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Thimbles
fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Urns
ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Salverform

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

Flower Shape - Elaborated

Tubes, Lips and Straps
prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets
aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Hats, Hoods and Helmets
acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Standards, Wings and Keels
lathyrusflotvernus1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Discs and Florets
brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pin-Cushions
echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Tufts
centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Cushion
androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Umbel
agapanthuscflos1campanulatusalbidusgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Buttons
argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pompoms
armeriacflomaritimakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Natural Arrangements

Bunches, Posies, Sprays
bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Columns, Spikes and Spires
ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Whorls, Tiers and Candelabra
lamiumflotorvala2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Plumes and Tails
astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Chains and Tassels
 

1

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades
 

1

Spheres, Domes (Clusters), Plates and Drumsticks
androsacecfor1albanakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Shrub, Tree Shape

Columnar
ccolumnarshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Oval
covalshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Rounded or Spherical
croundedshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Flattened Spherical
cflattenedsphericalshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Conical / Narrow Pyramidal
cnarrowconicalshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Conical / Broad Pyramidal
cbroadpyramidalshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Ovoid /
Egg-Shaped

ceggshapedshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Ovoid
cbroadovoidshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Vase-shaped / Inverted Ovoid
cnarrowvaseshapedshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Fan-Shaped /Vase-Shaped
cfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Fan-Shaped / Broad Vase-Shaped
cbroadfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Weeping
cnarrowweepingshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Weeping
cbroadweepingshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Palm

1

 

Conifer Cone

1

 

Form

Arching

1

Climbing

1

Clump-Forming

1

Mat-Forming

1

Mound-Forming

1

Prostrate

1

Spreading

1

Stemless

1

Upright

1

 

Poisonous Plant

1

 

STAGE 1
GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark
1
, 2, 3

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2

Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

Scented Aquatic Plants
1


Plants with Scented Fruits
1


Plants with Scented Roots
1
, 2

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood
1


Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums
1


Scented Cacti and Succulents
1


Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell
1
, 2
 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 3

Fan-trained Shape
fantrainedshape2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

From Rhododendrons, boxwood, azaleas, clematis, novelties, bay trees, hardy plants, evergreens : novelties bulbs, cannas novelties, palms, araucarias, ferns, vines, orchids, flowering shrubs, ornamental grasses and trees book, via Wikimedia Commons

 

Ramblers Scramblers & Twiners by Michael Jefferson-Brown (ISBN 0 - 7153 - 0942 - 0) describes how to choose, plant and nurture over 500 high-performance climbing plants and wall shrubs, so that more can be made of your garden if you think not just laterally on the ground but use the vertical support structures including the house as well.

The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A Guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. (ISBN 0-670-82929-3) provides the lists for 'Choosing the right Shrub or Climber' together with Average Height and Spread after 5 years, 10 years and 20 years.

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3


Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club.
Published in 1962. It provides most of the data about the Alpines.

Plant Solutions 1000+ suggestions for every garden situation by Nigel Colborn ISBN
13:978
0 00 719312 7, provides many of the plants for the pages in these Galleries.

Essential Annuals The 100 Best for Design and Cultivation. Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell. ISBN 0-517-66177-2, provides data about annuals.

Indoor Bulb
Growing by
Edward Pearson
. Published by Purnell & Sons, Ltd in 1953. It provides the data about Indoor Bulbs and Bulbs in
Window-boxes.

Colour All The
Year In My Garden
: A selection of choice varieties - annuals, biennials, perennials, bulbs, climbers and trees and shrubs - that will give a continuity of colour
in the garden throughout the year. Edited by C.H. Middleton. Gardening Book
from Ward, Lock & Co published in 1938, provides plant data for a calendar of plants in bloom throughout the year and for those in the smallest garden.
The Book of Bulbs by S. Arnott, F.R.H.S. Printed by
Turnbull & Spears, Edinburgh in 1901. This provides data about Hardy Bulbs, Half-Hardy Bulbs, Greenhouse and Stove Bulbs.

Collins Guide to
Bulbs by Patrick
M. Synge
. ISBN
0 00 214016-0
First Edition 1961, Second Edition 1971, Reprinted 1973. This provides data on bulbs for bedding, bulbs in the border, bulbs naturalised in grass, bulbs in the woodland garden, bulbs in the rock garden, bulbs in pans in the alpine house, bulbs in the greenhouse, bulbs in bowls and the bulb frame.

Annuals & Biennials, the best annual and biennial plants and their uses in the garden by Gertrude Jekyll published in 1916 and
republished by Forgotten Books in 2012
(Forgotten Books
is a London-based book publisher specializing in the restoration of old books, both fiction and non-fiction. Today we have
372,702 books available to read online, download as ebooks, or
purchase in print.).

Cut Flowers All The Year from The New Illustrated
Gardening Encyclopedia
by Richard Sudell, printed before May 1935 for the plant names in each month, followed by details for culture and propagation.

Mr. Middleton's Garden Book by
Daily Express Publication,
reprinted 1941
for the individual
cultivar names with evergreen/
deciduous, flower colour, flower month and height.

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Tree and Shrubs in Garden Design -

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Clay Soils (neutral to slightly acid)

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Dry Acid Soils

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Shallow Soil over Chalk

Trees and Shrubs tolerant of both extreme Acidity and Alkalinity

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Damp Sites

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Industrial Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Cold Exposed Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Seaside Areas

Shrubs suitable for Heavy Shade

Shrubs and Climbers suitable for NORTH- and EAST-facing Walls

Shrubs suitable for Ground Cover

Trees of Pendulous Habit

Trees and Shrubs of Upright or Fastigiate Habit

Trees and Shrubs with Ornamental Bark or Twigs

Trees and Shrubs with Bold Foliage

Trees and Shrubs for Autumn Colour

Trees and Shrubs with Red or Purple Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Golden or Yellow Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Grey or Silver Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Variegated Foliage

Trees and Shrubs bearing Ornamental Fruit

Trees and Shrubs with Fragrant or Scented Flowers

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Foliage

Flowering Trees and Shrubs for Every Month:-
Jan
, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec

Ivydene Gardens Heather Erica: Other Hardy Heaths Gallery:
Other Heather cultivars Page 1 of 4

SHRUB EVERGREEN GALLERY PAGES

Site Map of pages with content (o)

Introduction

FLOWER COLOUR
(o)
Blue
(o)Orange
(o)Other Colours
(o)Pink
(o)Red
(o)White
(o)Yellow

FOLIAGE COLOUR
Black
Blue
Brown
Bronze
(o)Green
(o)Grey
(o)Purple
(o)Red
Silver
(o)Variegated White
(o)Variegated Yellow
White
(o)Yellow
(o)4 Season Colour

7 Flower Colours per Month in Colour Wheel below IN EVERGREEN SHRUB GALLERY. Click on Black or White box in Colour of Month.

colormonth8hpub1a1a1a1a

 

 

 

 

 


(o) COMMENTS

 

 

HEATHER ERICA: OTHER HARDY HEATHS EVERGREEN SHRUB GALLERY PAGES
Site Map of pages with content (o)

Introduction


(o) in front of Page Name or Index Page No in this Main Menu Table indicates that all pages linked to from that cell have content.

1 (o)January
1 is Flowering Season January in Shrub Heathers Gallery
(o)January is Flowering Season January in Shrub Heather Gallery


Click on Colour below to link to its Heather Flower Colour Page in Shrub Heather gallery.

Click on H number to link to its Heather Flower Colour Page in the Shrub Heathers Gallery. Heathers in that Gallery are inserted in the relevant page according to their given H number, not according to what their actual flower colour looks like.

Photos from Chris Garnons-Williams are added to that respective flower colour or foliage colour page in the Shrub Heather Gallery and the relevant index page in Shrub Heather Index Gallery IRRESPECTIVE OF THE ACTUAL FLOWER COLOUR OR FOLIAGE COLOUR (stated in the Handy Guide) IN THE IMAGE THAT WAS TAKEN BY CHRIS GARNONS-WILLIAMS.


FLOWERING SEASON
1 (o)January
1 (o)February
1 (o)March
1 (o)April
1 (o)May
1 (o)June
1 (o)July
1 (o)August
1 (o)September
1 (o)October
1 (o)November
1 (o)December


SPRING FOLIAGE COLOUR
1 (o)Spri-Bronze
1 (o)Spri-Green
1
(o)Spri-Grey
1
(o)Spri-Orange
1
(o)Spri-Red
1
(o)Spri-Yellow
1
(o)Spri-Other

SUMMER FOLIAGE COLOUR
1 (o)Sum-Bronze
1 (o)Sum-Green
1
(o)Sum-Grey
1
Sum-Orange
1
(o)Sum-Red
1
(o)Sum-Yellow
1
(o)Sum-Other

AUTUMN FOLIAGE COLOUR
1 (o)Aut-Bronze
1 (o)Aut-Green
1
(o)Aut-Grey
1
Aut-Orange
1
(o)Aut-Red
1
(o)Aut-Yellow
1
(o)Aut-Other

WINTER FOLIAGE COLOUR
1 (o)Win-Bronze
1 (o)Win-Green
1
(o)Win-Grey
1
(o)Win-Orange
1
(o)Win-Red
1
(o)Win-Yellow
1
(o)Win-Other
 


CULTIVAR GROUP
1...Andromeda
.....Bruckenthalia
.....Bruckenthalia
.....spiculifolia
.....changed to
1...
Erica spiculifolia

1,2.(o)Calluna and
.....Calluna Gallery
1...(o)Daboecia and
.....Daboecia Gallery

.....Erica
.....Others Gallery

.....and

.....Erica
.....Hardy Heaths:-
1...Erica
.....afroeuropea

1...Erica
.....andevalensis

.....now treated as
.....Erica mackayana
.....ssp andevalensis

1...(o)Erica arborea
1...Erica arendsiana
1...Erica australis
1...Erica azorica
.....(Syn.
.....Erica scoparia
.....subsp. azorica)
1...(o)Erica carnea
.....and
.....
Carnea Gallery

1...Erica cillaris
1...(o)Erica cinerea
.....and
.....Cinerea Gallery
1...(o)Erica
.....darleyensis

1...Erica erigena
1...Erica
.....garforthensis

1...Erica gaudificans
1...Erica griffithsii
1...Erica krameri
1...(o)Erica lusitanica
1...(o)Erica
.....mackayana

1...Erica maderensis
1...Erica
.....manipuliflora

1...Erica multiflora
1...Erica
.....oldenburgensis

1...Erica platycodon
1...Erica scoparia
1...Erica sicula
1...Erica spiculifolia
1...Erica stuartii
1...
Erica terminalis
1...(o)Erica tetralix
1...Erica umbellata
1...(o)Erica vagans
1...Erica veitchii
1...Erica watsonii
1...
Erica williamsii

SEED COLOUR
.....
Seed

BED PICTURES
.....
Garden

H1 Amethyst
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1q1a1a1a1a1a1a

H2
Mauve

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

H3
Lavender

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1c1a1a1a1a1a1a1

H4
Lilac

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1d1a1a1a1a1a1a1

H0
White

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1e1a1b1a1a1a1a1

H5
Ruby

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1f1a1a1a1a1a1a1

H6
Cerise

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1g1a1a1a1a1a1a1

H7
Rose Pink

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1h1a1a1a1a1a1a1

H8
Pink

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1i1a1a1a1a1a1a1

Heather label moved from valid to invalid Heather

H9
Beetroot

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1j1a1a1a1a1a1a1

H10
Purple

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1k1a1a1a1a1a1a1

H11
Lilac Pink

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1l1a1a1a1a1a1a1

H12 Heliotrope
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1m1a1a1a1a1a1a1

 

H13 Crimson
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1n1a1a1a1a1a1a1

H14 Magenta
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1o1a1a1a1a1a1a1

H15
Salmon

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1p1a1a1a1a1a1a1

H16
Shell Pink

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1b1a1a1a1a1a1a1

H17 Multi-Coloured
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1e1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

 

 

 

 

 


Some heathers besides having flowers have foliage colours that change from 1 season to the next season in the UK -

  • Spring (March, April, May),
  • Summer (June, July, August),
  • Autumn (September, October, November) and
  • Winter (December, January, February).


The Shrub Heathers Comparison Gallery provides comparison pages of the:-

  • 18 flower colours with flower and flower stalk as shown in the menu table above,
  • 18 flower colours with flower and flower stalk in each of the months that heather flowers,
  • 7 foliage colours with foliage stalk and form per season as shown in the menu table above, and
  • Each of the Heather Cultivar Groups with flowers


THIS COMBINATION OF FOLIAGE COLOUR CHANGE CAN BE USED IN YOUR GARDEN DESIGN TO AID DIFFERENT GROUNDCOVER FOLIAGE COLOURS IN DIFFERENT SEASONS, together with the months of flower buds before flowering and the post months of seedheads.
 

 

 

"Handy Guide to Heathers - Descriptions & Suppliers of over 1000 varieties" by David & Anne Small. Published in 1992 by Denbeigh Heather Nurseries in the UK. ISBN 0-9519160-0-9. It provides a handy reference to descriptions of heathers in the genera Andromeda, Bruckenthalia, Calluna, Daboecia and Erica which are commercially cultivated in Britain, Europe and North America. The information has very largely come from the work of the Heather Society on producing an International Register of all heather names irrespective of whether they are in commercial use or not.

Heather Evergreen Shrub Name

Flower Colour

Flowering Months

Height x Spread in inches (cms) (1 inch = 2.5 cms, 12" = 1 foot = 30 cms)

Foliage Colour

Spring

Summer

Autumn

Winter


Other Heathers Index
with
Description in Table row 1
for
each other heather cultivar
Other Heather Index

 


Description in table row 1 with
Flower and Form in table row 2 and Foliage Photos in row 3
for
each other heather cultivar
Other Heather 1
Other Heather 2
Other Heather 3
Other Heather 4
 


"Handy Guide to Heathers - Descriptions & Suppliers of over 1000 varieties" by David & Anne Small. Published in 1992 by Denbeigh Heather Nurseries in the UK. ISBN 0-9519160-0-9. It provides a handy reference to descriptions of heathers in the genera Andromeda, Bruckenthalia, Calluna, Daboecia and Erica which are commercially cultivated in Britain, Europe and North America. The information has very largely come from the work of the Heather Society on producing an International Register of all heather names irrespective of whether they are in commercial use or not.

Andromeda polifolia

"A dwarf plant of the northern hemisphere found in Europe, North America ad Japan. The majority of the species grown in gardens emanate from the Japanese population where they are found on well separated mountains, each having distinctive groups of plants."

"Andromeda polifolia is also called Marsh Rosemary and Bog-rosemary. Its habitat is bogs, swamps, fens and peat-covered areas besides ponds.

Bog rosemary is not particularly highly esteemed in Finland, as folk names like ‘bog heather’ show. The father of botany Carl von Linné on the other hand adored the species, as is evident from the way that its scientific name compares it to the princess Andromeda from Greek mythology, who was renowned for her beauty and who was chained to a shore-side rock as a sacrifice for the sea monster. Perseus, the hero of the tale, flew on his winged horse Pegasus so save the damsel in distress, but bog rosemary is still chained to the peat.

Bog rosemary is very widespread in boggy habitats and thrives in both wet swamps and dry bog moss hummocks. The plant’s annual growth is lime green or with slightly reddish shades and is covered with a greyish, wax-like film. Strangely bloated and beautiful wine-red shoots can quite often be found in the bogs – in this case the plant has been destroyed by a fungus. Black patches on the leaves on the other hand are a sign that the plant is being attacked by another kind of fungus. Plant-eaters do not bother with bog rosemary as it contains andromedotoxin which is very poisonous, although there is no record of anyone dying from eating the plant.

Bog rosemary’s flower buds develop already in the previous growing season. The reddish flower is beautiful, and as it contains nectar and is fragrant it is clearly intended to attract pollinators. These do not however fly around bogs much at the beginning of summer when the plant is flowering, so for safety’s sake it is self-pollinating. Especially on the northern bogs and fell areas the seeds do not develop at all, but the species is not dependent on its seeds to propagate itself. It spreads efficiently through its underground rootstock and runners." from LuontPortii.

Andromeda polifolia 'Alba' - H0

White - H0
5-8 flowers in a raceme

May-Jun
Erect habit

6 x 16
(15 x 40)

Dark Grey

Dark Grey

Dark Grey

Dark Grey

Spring Mar-May
item1d1a

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a1a1

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b2a1

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c2a1

Andromeda polifolia 'Compacta' - H8
andromedacflos91polifoliacompactawikimediacommons2

Pink - H8
andromedacfor99polifoliacompactawikimediacommons2

May-Jun Compact broad habit making a very neat mound

12 x 18
(30 x 45)

Glaucous Green
andromedacflo8polifoliacompactawikimediacommons2

Glaucous Green

Glaucous Green

Glaucous Green

Spring Mar-May
item1e22a

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a2v1

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b3v1

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c3v1


Calluna vulgaris Index
with
Description in Table row 1
for
each Calluna vulgaris cultivar
A-C Index
D-G Index
H-L Index
M-R Index
S-Z Index
 


Description in table row 1 with
Flower and Form in table row 2 and Foliage Photos in row 3
for
each Calluna vulgaris cultivar
A-C Index section AB-AP
A-C Index section AP-BU
A-C Index section BU-CW
D-G Index section DB-FA
D-G Index section FA-GO
D-G Index section GO-GU
H-L Index section HA-IN
H-L Index section IN-LO
H-L Index Section LO-LY
M-R Index Section MA-PA
M-R Index Section PA-RO
M-R Index Section RO-RU
S-Z Index Section SA-SO
S-Z Index Section SP-WH
S-Z Index Section WI-YV
 


"Calluna prefers light acid soils. It will grow in any lime free soil but growth is less vigorous in heavier soils. Calluna will perform better in open sunny situations, this being particularly true for those exhibiting foliage colour variations."


Species - Calluna vulgaris:-

"Calluna vulgaris is also known as Ling or "Scotch" heather.  These are the true heathers, among the hardiest and most varied of all hardy heathers.  Sizes range from small tufts, mounds and carpeters to shrubs about three feet tall.  Flowers can be single or double. There are even a few bud bloomers who hang onto their flowers through winter and look as if they are still in bloom.  There are many interesting foliage colors.  Some turn spectacular shades of orange and red during the cold weather of winter.  The varieties that show colored spring new growth are valuable for their several months of extremely showy foliage from January to June, and then they go on to bloom for an additional several months.
Callunas grow and flower best in full sun but can tolerate partial shade.  The colored foliage plants need bright winter sun to turn those intense shades of orange or red.  Some experts recommend pruning the Callunas with spring colored tips in the fall so you get to enjoy the new growth without pruning it off. 
Good drainage is very important.  They are liable to get root diseases if growing in wet spots.  Callunas are lime haters.  Acid soil is ideal.  Bushy and low growing varieties are best for colder, snowy areas where they are more protected by snow cover. We can recommend the hardiest ones for those of you in Zone 3-4 country.  In the hot and humid South, it is best to stay away from lower varieties which can be susceptible to fungal diseases.  All Callunas but the most compact miniatures need annual pruning or plants will become straggly and unsightly.  Prune below the flowers on the stems after flowering in fall or in early spring in the colder climates.  USDA Zone 4 (-30 degrees) to Zone 8 or 10 with good care.  Heather is growing well in Zone 3 areas where they are buried in snow in winter." from Heaths and Heathers in the USA.

"The single species, Calluna vulgaris, is very widely distributed throughout Western Europe including Azores, Iceland and Faeroe Islands, eastwards into Siberia, and southwards into northern Morocco in North Africa; this range represents about 125̊ longitude west to east and 36̊ latitude north to south. Calluna is reported reaching about 2,700m altitude in southern Switzerland. Calluna is also a naturalized exotic plant in many other places including North America*, Australia and New Zealand.
Ling, Calluna vulgaris, is native in Britain and Ireland.
Low-growing, evergreen shrubs requiring acid soil. Calluna has minute leaves closely pressed to the shoots and small, usually lavender flowers in summer and early autumn. Suitable for USDA hardiness zone 5 but some cultivars are suitable for zone 4.
This species is very variable, and the numerous selected cultivars (cultivated varieties) reflect, indeed exaggerate, this variation. In habit, ling ranges from prostrate, 5 x 45cm (2 x 18in), to erect and spreading 60 x 75cm (24 x 30in). The foliage varies in colour from dark green to bright green, grey, yellow, orange and red, and there are silver-foliaged plants too. The flowering time varies; in the northern part of the distribution it blooms from June to August, whilst in the southern part of the distribution it blooms from August to November. The white to crimson flowers normally possess a cup-like, four-lobed corolla about, 3mm (¹⁄₈in) long, overlapped by four sepals of similar size and colour. Double-flowered and bud-flowering (called ‘bud-bloomers’) variants also exist and generally bloom later.
Ling is an important garden plant providing colour throughout the year.
White-flowered ling – the original white heather – has long been associated with good luck and is a popular wedding flower.
Calluna was used as the name for this heather ‘on account of its very frequent use in the construction of brooms’ – it was derived from the ancient Greek καλλύνω, (kallyno), in turn derived from καλός (kalos, beautiful)." from The Heather Society in the UK.

"Heather is a highly branched evergreen shrub. The numerous stems take root at the base, and there are also a large number of short side shoots. The leaves are very small and scale-like, their sides are often curled back so much that they are triangular in cross-section. The small reddish-purple flowers are borne on narrow spikes. Shrubs typically grow to around 60cm in height, but may occasionally reach 1 m." from Wildscreen Arkive in the UK.

 

Weeds of Australia, New Zealand and North America:-

Heather (Calluna vulgaris) reproduces mainly by seed, which can remain viable for extended periods (i.e. up to 100 years). Vegetative reproduction can also take place via a process known as layering, where branches in contact with the soil take root and form new plants.
Seeds are spread by wind and vehicles, animals or walkers brushing against the plants.
Although not yet widespread in Australia, and currently restricted to some parts of Tasmania, heather (Calluna vulgaris) has the potential to adversely affect environmentally sensitive areas. Because of this, and that fact that it is a serious weed overseas, it is on the Alert List for Environmental Weeds.
Mature plants form a dense canopy in sensitive open upland habitats. Because it forms a persistent leaf litter layer, sites with vigorous heather (Calluna vulgaris) populations are often virtually devoid of other species. This ability to dominate and displace the native vegetation leads to a severe loss of biodiversity and a reduction in the habitat available to native animals. It can colonise altitudes up to 1500 m and is therefore seen as a serious threat to Australia's alpine country. In Australia it could become an invasive weed in the alpine and sub-alpine areas of Tasmania, Victoria, southern New South Wales and the ACT.
It is of great concern in the high country of New Zealand, where it covers an estimated area of 6000 square km. In Mt Tongariro National Park it is the most widespread exotic weed species and competes with a wide range of native plants. It is also causing concern along the Atlantic coast of North America (i.e. from Quebec to New Jersey).
Because it grows in alpine and sub-alpine grasslands, heather (Calluna vulgaris) also has the potential to reduce the productivity of highland pastures if it becomes widely naturalised in south-eastern Australia." from Queensland Government.
 

 

 

 

 

 


Daboecia Index
with
Description in Table row 1
for
each Daboecia Index cultivar
Daboecia Index


Description in table row 1 with
Flower and Form in table row 2 and Foliage Photos in row 3
for
each Daboecia cultivar
Daboecia cantabrica Index section
Daboecia x scotica Index Section


Daboecia azorica
"This species is found growing in the azores up to a height of 2000m, but despite this, clones so far collected are easily damaged by -5 degrees C frosts. It is distinguished from Daboecia cantabrica by being a more diminuative plant with smaller leaves and flowers with no hairs on the corolla. Plants sold under this name are usually Daboecia x scotica."

Daboecia cantabrica
"St. Daboec's heath has broad leaves, white on the underside, and large flowers which drop when finished. They will tolerate a little shade but should not be planted directly under trees. They are remarably resistant to drought. Some cultivars suffer in winter if planted in heavy ground, frost hollows, or in cold windy aspects."

Daboecia x scotica
"This group of plants consist of hybrids between Daboecia cantabrica and Daboecia azorica. They have the compactness of Daboecia azorica and hardiness of Daboecia cantabrica. Cultural details as for Daboecia cantabrica."
 


"Species:-

  • Daboecia cantabrica
    This shrub is found in western Ireland, western France and northern Iberia. They are glossy leaved and have the largest leaves and flowers of all the heaths and heathers.  The leaves are white on the underside.  With the exception of one double, these are the only heaths whose flowers fall off when finished blooming.  They do like acid soil.  These are natural bog plants which grow to about two feet tall and can tolerate moist soil. 
    They are hardy to Zone 6 (-10 degrees) with protection and warmer.  We recommend Zone 7 and warmer.  They can suffer winter damage if hit by severe early or late frosts. 
    These bloom for us for over five months with two major flushes in early summer and fall.  This year they bloomed until nearly Christmas until a very hard frost. 
  • Daboecia x scotica
    This is a hybrid between Daboecia azorica and Daboecia cantabrica.  The result is a compact shrub that blooms continuously between June and November. Zone and culture is the same as above. 
  • Daboecia azorica
    This is a small evergreen shrub from the Azores. They are not as hardy as the other daboecia. We have lost them at 5F in the Pacific Northwest." from Heathers and Heaths."

"Daboecia: St Dabeoc’s heath

There are two species of Daboecia. One is found only in the Azores and is sometimes treated as a subspecies of the more widespread St Dabeoc’s heath which inhabits western Ireland, and also ranges from south-western France through northern Spain into the north-west of Portugal.
In cultivation these two species have accidentally hybridized and the hybrid is now a popular garden plant.
Low-growing or dwarf, evergreen shrubs that prefer acid soil. They have relatively large, elliptical, leathery leaves which are white or silver underneath, and the large, urn-shaped flowers, ranging in colour from white through lavender to deep purple, arranged erect spikes in summer.
In gardens, St Dabeoc’s heaths tend to have two flushes of flowers, the first in early summer and another in early autumn which continues until frost occurs. They are useful plants for ground-cover and for intermixing with other dwarf shrubs such as western gorse (Ulex gallii). They are particularly effective when planted in drifts of mixed flower-colours. St Dabeoc’s heaths tend to become straggly if not pruned annually. They can tolerate a little shade and are more resistant to drought than most heathers.

  • Daboecia azorica : Queiró, Azores heath
    Dwarf shrub, to 20cm (8in) tall, spreading to 40cm (16in), distinguished from D. cantabrica by the smaller leaves and the lack of hairs on the ruby (very rarely pink or white) flowers. Suitable for USDA zone 8.
    When regarded as a subspecies of Daboecia cantabrica its name is Daboecia cantabrica subsp. azorica.
    In the Azores, this heath grows in very well drained volcanic gravels, so it does best when provided with similar conditions in gardens. However, it is most uncommon and difficult to obtain, and only one cultivar has been distinguished and named.
    • Daboecia azorica cultivars
  • Daboecia cantabrica : St Dabeoc's heath, Irish heath
    Sprawling or compact shrub, to 40cm (16in) tall, spreading to 70cm (28in); leaves glossy, dark green 1.5cm (2/3in) long, 6mm (¼in) wide; flowers about 1cm (3/8in) long, usually lavender, summer to autumn. Suitable for USDA zone 6 with protection but some winter damage can occur if planted in heavy ground or frost pockets.
    St Dabeoc's heath, Daboecia cantabrica, is native in Ireland.
    • Daboecia cantabrica f. alba cultivars
    • Daboecia cantabrica f. blumii cultivars
    • Daboecia cantabrica f. cantabrica cultivars
  • Daboecia x scotica : Hybrid St Dabeoc's heath
    A hybrid of garden origin between Daboecia azorica and Daboecia cantabrica: when these are regarded as subspecies (an opinion not maintained by The Heather Society), the hybrid is named Daboecia cantabrica nothosubsp. scotica.
    Compact shrub, to 20cm (8in) in height, spreading to 45cm (18in); leaves are glossy, dark green, smaller than those of Daboecia cantabrica; flowers white to crimson, summer to late autumn.
    This is ideal for ground-cover in the smaller garden and for use in tubs, troughs and hanging baskets. Suitable for USDA zone 6.
    • Daboecia x scotica cultivars

Etymology
Daboecia derives from the Irish name for this heather, fraoch Dabeoc, recorded in the late seventeenth century by the antiquarian Edward Lhuyd.
Dabeoc (pronounced da-vock)* was perhaps the youngest son of a Welsh chieftain who founded a monastery on an island in Lough Derg in County Donegal Ireland. When Latinized, the ‘o’ and ‘e’ were reversed, an error that has been perpetuated ever since." from The Heather Society.

 

"Given the chance, this long loved plant can in the wild measure 2m or more across, but in gardens it may be expected to be little more than 75cm wide and 40cm high. Leaves sessile, ovate-elliptic, 1cm or more long, the upper ones narrower, almost hairless and deep green above, but ciliate and closely white-felted beneath. Flowers typically nodding, (erect in D.c. forma blumii), 1.4cm long with a very few short, glandular hairs on the outside, in terminal racemes of up to twenty, normally reddish-purple, often rather pale, but also pink, cherry-red or white, and there is a double form. Coastal areas of southwestern France, northern Spain, Portugal and western Ireland in heathland.
Among the fifty or so named cultivars, the following are some which could be effective in a rock garden. A single plant is enough unless the area is large:-

  • 'Atropurpurea', small, dark purple bells.
  • 'Bicolor', florets purple white or a varied mixture of both, often on the same raceme.
  • 'Blueness', possibly an improvement on 'Praegerae'.
  • 'Charlie Nelson', the only double, blemished by its fat corollas failing to fall when dead. It has the unusual characteristic that the first flowers are usually single, only the later racemes being double.
  • 'Cinderella', soft pink, from 'Bicolor'.
  • 'Covadonga', remarkable for its split, revolute corolla of a unique brownish-crimson.
  • 'David Moss', white. There are many other whites, all good, all coming under forma alba. There is no single 'Alba' clone.
  • 'Porter's Variety', the smallest cultivar, 15cm or so, with curious small, dark purple pinched corollas.
  • 'Praegerae', rich pink corollas with hardly a trace of blue; deservedly long popular.
  • 'Rainbow', variegated leaves.
  • 'Snowdrift', the only normal named white.
  • 'Waley's Red', a good cherry-red.
  • 'White Blum' (of forma blumii), erect habit made even smarter by its erect florets." from Alpine Garden Society.
     

 

 

 

 

 

Erica arborea


"A tree heath which in our UK climate may reach 3-5 metres. It is not as tolerant of lime as is commonly supposed and is best grown in acid conditions. Young plants should be shaped in the early years to avoid untidy growth. It is not generally very hardy but there are exceptions. Can be damaged by heavy snowfalls but will break from the base again." from The Handy Guide to Heathers by David and Anne Small.
 

Species - Erica arborea:-

"Erica arborea : tree heather, tree heath, bruyére

Tree to 15m (or more) tall, or bushy shrub with a lignotuber. Leaves in whorls of 3, to 7mm long. Flowers in umbels of 2–4 on short leafy shoots; honey scented; calyx cup-shaped, 4-lobed, white; corolla white, bell-shaped, ±3mm long; stamens 8 visible at mouth of corolla; anthers with spurs; style-end emergent.

Blooms in winter and spring.

One of the most wide-ranging heathers, from the Canary Islands and Madeira, through the Mediterranean basin and north Africa to the eastern Black Sea, Yemen and Saudi Arabia, central Sahara, Ethiopia and into east Africa. Plants in cultivation are probably of Mediterranean origin. It varies in hardiness from frost-tender to suitable for hardiness zone 7, and is not as tolerant of lime as commonly supposed. Young plants should be shaped in the early years to avoid untidy growth. Tree heath can be damaged by heavy snowfalls but will break from the base again.

  • Erica arborea f. arborea : foliage green.
  • Erica arborea f. aureifolia : foliage yellow." from The Heather Society.

 

"Erica arborea. This tree heath is found in the Mediterranean basin, the Canary Island and North and East Africa.  Some old specimens can grow to 10 feet or more.  The flowers are scented like honey.  There are few heathers with any scent at all.  They like acid soil and grow upright.  These are quite drought tolerant.

Hardy to Zone 7 (0 degrees) and warmer.  They need heavy snow loads removed to avoid breakage." from Heaths and Heathers in America.

 

"Erica arborea (Tree Heaths) provide flowers from March until June, when very few heaths are in flower. The plants take many years to develop and in most parts of the country they will remain much smaller. Generally speaking, they are hardy, but if cut back by frost or broken by wind or snow they should be pruned back hard and the young growths allowed to develop from the base." from Spring Park Nursery.
 

'Albert's Gold'
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a43a2b2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1e19a1

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a2s1a

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b3s1a

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c3s1a

'Alpina'
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a43a2a1a1b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1e18a1

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a2r1a

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b3r1a

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c3r1a

'Estrella Gold' - H0
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a14b

White - H0

April,
May

48 x 30 (120 x 75)

Lime-Green tipped bright Yellow

Lime-Green

Lime-Green

Lime-Green

Spring Mar-May
item1e17a1

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a2q1a

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b3q1a

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c3q1a

'Spring Smile'
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a43a2a2a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1e16a1

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a2p1a

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b3p1a

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c3p1a

Erica x arendsiana


"Arend's Heath is a shrub to 1m tall after 5 years. Mature foliage mid-green but young shoots discoloured; leaves in whorls of 4, to 8mm long. Flowers in terminal umbels; calyx green, 4-lobed or sepals free; corolla ovoid, 6mm long, dull pink; stamens 8; anthers with narrow spurs; nectar copious.
Blooms throughout autumn and winter into early spring.
A hybrid between the bell heather (Erica cinerea) and the Corsican heath (Erica terminalis) which was first reported to have been created by Georg Arends. Kurt Kramer also succeeded in producing the same cross and extant clones represent his work." from The Heather Society
 


"Erica x arendsiana - This is a hybrid between Erica cinerea and  Erica terminalis. It has the vigor of E. terminalis and grows to about 3’ tall.
The hybrids have pink to lavender flowers from fall into early spring depending on the weather. Known hardy from Zones 7-9.
Both parents bloom in the summer by the way." from Heath and Heathers.
 

'Charnwood Pink'
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a43a1a2a2a1b2a1a1a1a3b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1e14a1

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a2n1a

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b3n1a

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c3n1a

Erica australis


"Tree heaths with rather straggly growth preferring acid soils. However, their flowers, large and showy, are outstanding. Prone to snow and wind damage." from The Handy Guide to Heathers by David and Anne Small.
 


Species - Erica x australis:-

"Erica australis : Spanish heath
Shrub to 1.5m or more tall. Leaves in whorls of 4, to 7mm long. Flowers terminal on leafy lateral shoot in fours, buds resin-coated and very sticky; calyx with 4 unequal, free sepals, green or reddish; corolla pink (rarely white) tubular-campanulate, to 8mm long; stamens 8, included; anthers with spurs; style-end exserted; nectar copious.
Blooms in winter to late spring or early summer.
Confined to Spain, Portugal and northern Morocco. It requires acid soil conditions and although suitable for zone 8 is prone to damage by wind or snow.

  • Erica australis f. albiflora : corolla pure white.
  • Erica australis f. australis : corolla not white." from The Heather Society.

 

"Erica australis - This tree heath is found in western Spain, Portugal and northwest Africa.  Hardy to Zone 8 (10 degrees) and warmer.  They need heavy snow loads removed to avoid breakage.  Wind storms can be damaging.
They are a bit scraggly but have the largest and most colorful flowers of the tree heaths.  They require acid soil.  These are rare plants." from Heaths and Heathers.
 

Erica australis
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a43a3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1e12a1

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a2l1a

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b3l1a

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c3l1a

'Riverslea'
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a43a1c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1e11a1

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a2k1a

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b3k1a

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c3k1a


Erica carnea Index
with
Description in Table row 1
for
each Erica carnea cultivar
Erica carnea Index
 


Description in table row 1 with
Flower and Form in table row 2 and Foliage Photos in row 3
for
each Erica carnea cultivar
Index section AD-JO
Index section JO-RO
Index section RU-WI

 


"One of the hardiest of all heaths and very easy to grow in almost any soil. All exhibit a dwarf carpeting habit and with few exceptions rarely require pruning. Care must be taken when pruning as Erica carnea buds as early as July in the UK. It is safer to prune immediately after the flowers have faded. Prune around the edges and very lightly over the top of the plant. The flowering times of Erica carnea vary markedly, plants in milder climates being as much as 2 months earler than in colder conditions. Generally they can be expected to show flower for 6-8 weeks within the time span stated." from The Handy Guide to Heathers by David and Anne Small.
 


Species: Erica carnea:-

 

"Erica carnea : winter heath, mountain heath - synonym: Erica herbacea
Low shrub to 0.3m tall, branches creeping, often rooting. Leaves in whorls of 4, to 8mm long. Flowers 2–3 in axillary clusters on short side-shoots; calyx 4-lobed, waxy, thicker in texture than corolla, coloured (usually similar to that of corolla); corolla lavender-mauve to pink, often becoming darker with age, or white, to 9mm long, ovoid-tubular; stamens 8, emergent; anthers without spurs; style-end not enlarged; nectar profuse.
Blooms in late winter and spring.
Low-growing heath from the alpine regions of Europe. The flowering times of cultivars of Erica carnea vary markedly, plants in milder climates being as much as two months earlier than those in colder conditions. Generally, they can be expected to show flower for 6-8 weeks. Winter heath tolerates lime and a little shade and, with a few exceptions, rarely requires pruning. It is one of the hardiest of all heaths, suitable for hardiness zone 4.
Care must be taken when pruning Erica carnea because buds for the next year's flowers form as early as July. It is safest to prune immediately after the flowers have faded. Prune around the edges and very lightly over the top of the plant.

Closely related to Irish heath (Erica erigena).

  • Erica carnea f. alba : corolla pure white.
  • Erica carnea f. aureifolia : foliage golden or yellow.
  • Erica carnea f. carnea : corolla various shades of pink, not pure white. " from The Heather Society.

 

"Prep the soil. Heaths and heathers are acid lovers, preferring a soil pH of 4.5-5.5. Although some heaths are more tolerant of alkaline soil, particularly Irish heath (Erica erigena), most types will struggle. Work in damp peat moss or other acidic soil amendments, particularly if your soil is pH neutral (6.5-7.5). Till or loosen the soil and dig holes twice as wide as each plant's root ball to encourage roots to spread.
Provide drainage. Without good drainage, these plants just won't grow. For clay soil (which provides neither the right pH nor proper drainage), build a raised bed with equal parts topsoil, sand, and composted bark or peat moss, which will create acidic soil that properly drains. For boggy soil (which may be the right pH but too wet), make a modest
berm." from Better Homes and Gardens in America.

 

"Erica carnea is one of the hardiest of heathers.  Provides good winter color with its long blooming season.  Established plants need little care.  When spaced properly, they form a carpet for a good ground cover.  Plants can be sheared lightly after flowers fade but not any later as flower buds are formed during the summer.  Annual light shearing, especially while plants are young, makes for a bushier plant that does not form a bare, woody center with age.  Most carneas are prostrate in habit and grow quickly.  These are excellent for rock gardens, slopes and drifts of much needed winter color.  New tip growth is often cream colored.  Erica carnea are some of the easiest heathers to grow and thrive in almost any soil.  Any winter damaged stems can be pruned in spring.  Grows in Zone 3 if good snow cover but won’t catch much blooming under the snow.
Hardy to Zone 4  (-30 degrees) with protection and warmer." from Heaths and Heathers.
 

 

 

 

 

 


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Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

 

Site design and content copyright ©May 2012.
Page structure amended January 2013.
Index pages added with thumbnails November 2018.
Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.

 

Heather Evergreen Shrub Name

Flower Colour

Flowering Months

Height x Spread in inches (cms) (1 inch = 2.5 cms, 12" = 1 foot = 30 cms)

Foliage Colour

Spring

Summer

Autumn

Winter


Other Heathers Index
with
Description in Table row 1
for
each other heather cultivar
Other Heather Index

 


Description in table row 1 with
Flower and Form in table row 2 and Foliage Photos in row 3
for
each other heather cultivar
Other Heather 1
Other Heather 2
Other Heather 3
Other Heather 4
 


"Handy Guide to Heathers - Descriptions & Suppliers of over 1000 varieties" by David & Anne Small. Published in 1992 by Denbeigh Heather Nurseries in the UK. ISBN 0-9519160-0-9. It provides a handy reference to descriptions of heathers in the genera Andromeda, Bruckenthalia, Calluna, Daboecia and Erica which are commercially cultivated in Britain, Europe and North America. The information has very largely come from the work of the Heather Society on producing an International Register of all heather names irrespective of whether they are in commercial use or not.

Andromeda polifolia


"A dwarf plant of the northern hemisphere found in Europe, North America ad Japan. The majority of the species grown in gardens emanate from the Japanese population where they are found on well separated mountains, each having distinctive groups of plants."

Andromeda polifolia 'Alba' - H0

White - H0
5-8 flowers in a raceme

May-Jun
Erect habit

6 x 16
(15 x 40)

Dark Grey

Dark Grey

Dark Grey

Dark Grey

item132a1a1a1

 

item1a32a1a1a1

Andromeda polifolia 'Compacta' - H8
andromedacflos91polifoliacompactawikimediacommons1

Pink - H8
andromedacfor99polifoliacompactawikimediacommons1

May-Jun Compact broad habit making a very neat mound

12 x 18
(30 x 45)

Glaucous Green
andromedacflo8polifoliacompactawikimediacommons1

Glaucous Green

Glaucous Green

Glaucous Green

item133a1a1a1

 

item1a33a1a1a1


Calluna vulgaris Index
with
Description in Table row 1
for
each Calluna vulgaris cultivar
A-C Index
D-G Index
H-L Index
M-R Index
S-Z Index
 


Description in table row 1 with
Flower and Form in table row 2 and Foliage Photos in row 3
for
each Calluna vulgaris cultivar
A-C Index section AB-AP
A-C Index section AP-BU
A-C Index section BU-CW
D-G Index section DB-FA
D-G Index section FA-GO
D-G Index section GO-GU
H-L Index section HA-IN
H-L Index section IN-LO
H-L Index Section LO-LY
M-R Index Section MA-PA
M-R Index Section PA-RO
M-R Index Section RO-RU
S-Z Index Section SA-SO
S-Z Index Section SP-WH
S-Z Index Section WI-YV
 


"Calluna prefers light acid soils. It will grow in any lime free soil but growth is less vigorous in heavier soils. Calluna will perform better in open sunny situations, this being particularly true for those exhibiting foliage colour variations."

 

 

 


Daboecia Index
with
Description in Table row 1
for
each Daboecia Index cultivar
Daboecia Index


Description in table row 1 with
Flower and Form in table row 2 and Foliage Photos in row 3
for
each Daboecia cultivar
Daboecia cantabrica Index section
Daboecia x scotica Index Section


Daboecia azorica
"This species is found growing in the azores up to a height of 2000m, but despite this, clones so far collected are easily damaged by -5 degrees C frosts. It is distinguished from Daboecia cantabrica by being a more diminuative plant with smaller leaves and flowers with no hairs on the corolla. Plants sold under this name are usually Daboecia x scotica."

Daboecia cantabrica
"St. Daboec's heath has broad leaves, white on the underside, and large flowers which drop when finished. They will tolerate a little shade but should not be planted directly under trees. They are remarably resistant to drought. Some cultivars suffer in winter if planted in heavy ground, frost hollows, or in cold windy aspects."

Daboecia x scotica
"This group of plants consist of hybrids between Daboecia cantabrica and Daboecia azorica. They have the compactness of Daboecia azorica and hardiness of Daboecia cantabrica. Cultural details as for Daboecia cantabrica."
 

 

 

 

Erica arborea


"A tree heath which in our UK climate may reach 3-5 metres. It is not as tolerant of lime as is commonly supposed and is best grown in acid conditions. Young plants should be shaped in the early years to avoid untidy growth. It is not generally very hardy but there are exceptions. Can be damaged by heavy snowfalls but will break from the base again."
 

'Albert's Gold'
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item137a1a1a1

 

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'Alpina'
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item138a1a1a

 

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'Estrella Gold' - H0
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a14a

White - H0

April,
May

48 x 30 (120 x 75)

Lime-Green tipped bright Yellow

Lime-Green

Lime-Green

Lime-Green

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item1a1a1a1a1

'Spring Smile'
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Erica x arendsiana


"Arend's Heath is a shrub to 1m tall after 5 years. Mature foliage mid-green but young shoots discoloured; leaves in whorls of 4, to 8mm long. Flowers in terminal umbels; calyx green, 4-lobed or sepals free; corolla ovoid, 6mm long, dull pink; stamens 8; anthers with narrow spurs; nectar copious.
Blooms throughout autumn and winter into early spring.
A hybrid between the bell heather (Erica cinerea) and the Corsican heath (Erica terminalis) which was first reported to have been created by Georg Arends. Kurt Kramer also succeeded in producing the same cross and extant clones represent his work." from The Heather Society
 

'Charnwood Pink'
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item1e1a1a1a

 

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Erica australis


"Tree heaths with rather straggly growth preferring acid soils. However, their flowers, large and showy, are outstanding. Prone to snow and wind damage." from The Handy Guide to Heathers by David and Anne Small.
 

Erica australis
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a43a2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item1g1a1a1a

 

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'Riverslea'
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a43a1b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item1h1a1a1a

 

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Erica carnea Index
with
Description in Table row 1
for
each Erica carnea cultivar
Erica carnea Index
 


Description in table row 1 with
Flower and Form in table row 2 and Foliage Photos in row 3
for
each Erica carnea cultivar
Index section AD-JO
Index section JO-RO
Index section RU-WI

 


"One of the hardiest of all heaths and very easy to grow in almost any soil. All exhibit a dwarf carpeting habit and with few exceptions rarely require pruning. Care must be taken when pruning as Erica carnea buds as early as July in the UK. It is safer to prune immediately after the flowers have faded. Prune around the edges and very lightly over the top of the plant. The flowering times of Erica carnea vary markedly, plants in milder climates being as much as 2 months earler than in colder conditions. Generally they can be expected to show flower for 6-8 weeks within the time span stated." from The Handy Guide to Heathers by David and Anne Small.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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