Ivydene Gardens Mixed Borders Garden Design:
EAST BORDER of MIXED BORDERS in the Royal Horticultural Society Garden at Wisley:
Section 5 Part 15

Page Menus are below the Winter, Spring, Summer and Autumn photos.

Winter. Photo taken on 4 January 2013 by Heather Kavanagh


eastsec5part15winterkavanagh

Spring. Photo taken on 1 May 2013 by Heather Kavanagh


eastsec5part15springkavanagh1

Early Summer. Photo taken on 1 July 2013 by Heather Kavanagh


eastsec5part15earlysummerkavanagh

Early Autumn. Photo taken on 19 September 2013 by Heather Kavanagh


eastsec5part15autumnkavanagh

Late Autumn. Photo taken on 23 November 2013 by Heather Kavanagh


eastsec5part15lateautumnkavanagh

 

Create track and use the Square Foot Gardening system for:-

  • wheelchair-bound disabled to use for radio-controlled models on the ground-level of the garden
  • wheelchair-bound children/adults to maintain and replant the raised beds, whilst sitting with their knees under each raised bed
  • school pupils to learn to grow plants
  • wheelchair supported children/adults recovering in hospital, rest or care home to go outside, view them and/or maintain those beds themselves
  • transport the raised bed into the patient's room, so that the patient can admire close-up what they normally see outside from their bed; and then for them to maintain or simply view for a while before that raised bed is returned outside that same day
  • infirm children, adults or pensioners to maintain and replant the raised beds, when they do not need to kneel down, bend their knees or reach above their shoulders

This table details the use for each garden section in the suggested garden plan:-

Colour

Use

Comments

 

Soft Fruit Climbers

Standard Wooden Raised Beds from Harrod Horticultural are available in
24 x 48 inch (60 x 120 cms) x 36 inch high and
48 x 48 inch (120 x 120 cms) x 29 inch high. They both come available with 6 inch (15 cms) and 12 inch (30 cms) depth of raised bed. The wood is guaranteed for 3 years.

The 24 x 48 inch with 12 inch growing depth Raised Bed can be used round the boundary for those Soft Fruit Bushes, Soft Fruit Climbers and Top Fruit.

If the legs have castors, then these 24 inch wide Raised Beds containing vegetables or flowers can be wheeled inside the house, school, hospital or care home to the family, pupil, patient or resident.

Both sizes of Raised Bed - using either depth of compost - can be used in the Flower Bed, Vegetable Bed or Grasses Beds.

------------

Bilting Farm recycled mushroom boxes are 4ft x 4ft and ideally suited for use as raised beds. They are on legs approximately 1ft high so easily accessible to children and adults including those with physical disabilities.

The wooden boxes are recycled mushroom growing trays made from Portuguese Pine which has high resin content so the boxes will not rot. They can be sited on concrete and can be moved if necessary.

Square Foot gardening is a uniquely simplified method of gardening. Less weeding and digging with great results.

Square foot gardening can enhance the school environment and encourage children to take an interest in growing things.

Many schools have adopted this method of dividing each 4ft box into 16 squares.

Each child can then be responsible for a ‘square foot’ plot and grow flowers, herbs or vegetables. The boxes could also form part of a design adopted by a class and then planted in that style .

There are endless learning opportunities and different applications for the miniature allotments.

Boundary wall, fence or Hedge

The wind can cause problems against solid objects like garden walls or fencing. Alternatives are:

  • Chainlink fencing using Jacksons Tubular Fence System Three
    with climbers
    (Use Rambler-scrambler climbers not Self-clinger climbers for the Prime Site of 3-10 feet (90-300 cms) from the 71 Clematis Climbers or 58 other Climbers to stop the foliage from climbing your house walls to your gutters and roof under their own steam!). The Flower colour or foliage colour of these climbers can assist your choice.
  • Hit and Miss Fencing
    in Horizontal or Vertical Fencing Panels allows some wind to pass through - less wind resistance
    (see Panel Fence from Installation Instructions for the Jacksons Fine Fencing Range page to assist in building the fence)
     
  • The following hedges and Native Hedging would need to go into the adjacent raised beds and replace the items normally inserted into them, with the Chainlink fencing above acting as the boundary from 0 to 6 feet high (0-180 cms), to prevent ingress from animals and others under the raised beds.

    There are further examples of hedges and their uses in the Hedging Gallery.
    These hedges from
    Hedgenursery - who are the exclusive provider of Royal Horticultural Society Bare Root Hedging Plants with a range of over 1000 hedge plants sold direct to the trade and public - can provide details about the following:-
  • Native Hedging is one of the hedges from Hopes Grove Nurseries.

    Trough and Instant Hedging -
    Instant hedging is a convenient way to achieve a high degree of landscape impact within minutes. Hopes Grove Nurseries offer a variety of solutions to give varying degrees of impact to suit most budgets. All are pre-planted and are supplied in one metre lengths so no working out is required, simply pace out or measure the number of one metre lengths you require.
    • Trough hedges – are younger pre-planted hedges and represent a cost effective option, they may be cut or bent into almost any shape or design and planting time is reduced by at least half compared to individual plants. For a really dense hedge a double row can be planted. As trough hedges are container grown, they can be planted with complete confidence at any time of year. Trough hedges can easily be handled and planted by one person.
    • Hedgebags – are a larger and more mature pre-planted hedge product, perfect for a higher degree of privacy, the bag is simply cut down the seams and removed at planting time. A quick trim along the top after planting will complete the instant effect. Hedgebags will generally require two people to handle and plant them. Like trough hedges, Hedgebags can be planted all year round without a problem.
    • Hedging elements – are field grown instant hedging units that have been precisely trimmed for several years (including the roots!) to give an instant ‘Show Garden’ look and a high degree of privacy. The dense and compact root architecture ensures that transplant shock is eliminated and they are available from late September until May. Hedge elements are supplied in biodegradable cardboard troughs and are usually planted with the trough although this can of course be removed. Hedge elements typically weigh around 150kg per metre section and so assistance with handling and planting is essential!
    • Hopes Grove Nurseries recommend all Instant Hedging is watered with their Soaker Hose – which may be found in the accessories page. RootGrow is an invaluable aid to establishment and will ensure your new hedge gets off to a good start.
     

The Iriso Water Spike drip-fed irrigation system which accepts most plastic water bottles, has 11 adjustable flow rates and uses an internal float to regulate the amount of water dispersed for each flower, vegetable or grasses bed.

A digital water timer can be connected to a standard outside tap or to a rainwater butt and the other end to a hose connector. The hose can come round the top of the compost mix in each bed and water those beds during the night time.

The Cedagravel surface over the whole garden area will also create paths between the raised beds. It will also drain the rainfall over the whole garden and provide a firm footing for wheelchairs, women wearing high heels and idiots in bare feet.

If the garden topsoil is clay-based, then apply a 2 inch depth of sharp-washed sand on the ground before creating the Cedargravel surface on top. This sand - with the rainfall and worm action - will combine with the clay to form soil which will then have air spaces in it. Some of these air spaces may get filled with rain, but the air-flow through the soil and its worm-created tunnels will remove that water.

Some of the beds could have standard roses, standard soft fruit or espalier top fruit inserted into the ground below the Cedargravel instead of in raised bed structures. The section of the plant that the wheelchair user will be interested in - the roses,gooseberries or cherries - will then be available at their chest height.

See Case Study 3 Page for further details about Cedagravel.

The following material can be used to mulch the beds under the spent mushroom compost or large uncomposted bark chips mulch:-

  • The cuttings from the grasses,
  • prunings from the flowers, climbers, soft fruit and top fruit,
  • deadheadings,
  • dead vase flowers/ foliage,
  • vegetable peelings and
  • unused parts of vegetables/ flowers from the beds.

This will feed the compost mixture and reduce the water loss from the that due to sunlight or wind.

If the path width is the turning area width for the wheelchair, then you can sit to weed, plant and maintain those raised beds. The maximum length you can stretch is 22 inches (55 cms) without falling over, so either make the beds 44 inches (110 cms) square or 44 inches deep and as long as you like - providing access from a path on each of the longest sides is available.

Aquatic plants could go into 4 raised beds converted into a pond. The usual minimum area of a pond to be self-sustaining is 160 inches x 44 inches (400 x 110 cms). 2 bed sections and 2 path sections can be converted into a pond. Make the end of the pond have a gentle slope for 10 inches (25 cms), so that your birds, hedgehogs and other wildlife can have a drink and bath. Then at the same end, convert the next 8 inch (20 cms) width of the end flower section for the pond life to use as an area for bog plants, with a small central beach of sharp sand; which progresses into the gentle slope in that pond.

 

Building

The bottom row provides access to the house/ hospital/ school/ care home with window cleaning and building maintenance.

 

Top fruit

Ken Muir over 50 different varieties of fruit trees including apples, pears, plums and cherries together with other stoned fruits and more unusual fruits such as mulberries, medlars, figs and nuts. The following fruit trees will fit in the small garden:-

  • Minarettes are slender, columnar fruit trees which bear their fruits on short spurs along the length of a vertical stem rather than on long spreading branches. They are perfect for today's smaller gardens because they can be planted as close as 60-90cm (2-3ft) apart as well as being ideal for growing in tubs on patios or balconies.  When mature, Minarettes are 1.8-2.4m (6-8ft) tall and crop prolifically.  A large range of apples, pears, plums, gages, damsons and cherries are available as Minarettes.
  • Trained Fruit trees - The main advantage is that you can fit several trained trees in a limited amount of space. Ken Muir have a selection of trained fruit trees available for those gardeners who are looking to create a more instant effect, these trees are available in three main forms,
    • espalier,
    • fan and
    • stepovers
      They have a number of different apple and pear varieties available ready trained as espalier and stepover trees, along with various fan trained stoned fruits.

Stepovers are easily accessible for wheelchair users.

 

Vegetables

Besides vegetable seeds to grow the relevant vegetable during every month of the year, Marshalls also sell vegetable plants, which are expertly grown under ideal nursery conditions, in individual cells that ensure well developed, healthy root systems. Marshall also provide Growing Guides.

There are further details in the Vegetable Gallery.

If you want a longer row of runner beans or other climbers than the depth of 1 vegetable bed, then erect the bamboo supports on each vegetable bed either side of a row and then link those 2 structures across the path.

Besides Spent Mushroom Compost, Bilting Farm also produce and sell composted horse manure, which is heat treated to kill weed seeds.

Grasses, Wildflower Lawn

Beds can be composed of the

 

Flowers

Beds can be composed of

 

Soft Fruit Bushes

Early Summer,
Mid Summer,
Late Summer and
Autumn fruiting crop of Raspberries
are planted in rows in the ground.

Cranberries grow naturally in peat bogs, and it is possible to imitate these conditions using the information in Ken Muir's Guide.

MIXED BORDERS in Royal Horticultural Society Garden at Wisley with my GARDEN DESIGN PAGES

Introduction

WINTER, SPRING, SUMMER WITH EARLY AND LATE AUTUMN SECTIONS OF WISLEY MIXED BORDERS
1-6 East Border

7-10 East Border
1-5 West Border
6-9 West Border


FOLIAGE COLOUR
.Black

.Blue
(o)Brown
.Bronze
(o)Green
(o)Grey
.Other
(o)Purple
(o)Red
(o)Variegated
(o)Variegated White
.Variegated Yellow
.White
.Yellow
.4 Season Colour

FLOWER COLOUR RANGE IN 71 PARTS OF MIXED BORDER DURING
May
June
July
August
September
October
November

7 Flower Colours per Month in Colour Wheel below.

Click on Black or White box in Colour of Month.

colormonth9bpub1

The distribution throughout the 71 parts of the Mixed Borders of each flower from the

  • Permanent Herbaceous Perennials, Bedding Plants and Other Permanent Plants

split into

  • Blue, White, Yellow, Unusual, Red, Orange or Pink

is in each of these Month Pages

Summary of the Mixed Border Planting Design and Garden Maintenance - including in tabular form - shows the number for each single colour and combinations of colours for each of these months and whether it is from the Permanent Herbaceous Perennial (See its Index Page), Bedding Plant (See its Index Page) or Other Permanent Plant (See Index in Flower Colours per Month) plant type.

See which of the 7 flower colours have been used for each of the 71 parts during 2013 in a table of colours.


SPRING FOLIAGE COLOUR
Spr-Black
(o)-Brown
(o)-Green

(o)-Grey
Spr-Other Colour
(o)-Purple
(o)-Red
(o)-Variegated
Spr-White
Spr-Yellow
Spr-None
Spr-Multi-Colour

SUMMER FOLIAGE COLOUR
Sum-Black
(o)-Brown
(o)-Green

(o)-Grey
Sum-Other Colour
(o)-Purple
(o)-Red
(o)-Variegated
Sum-White
Sum-Yellow
Sum-None
Sum-Multi-Colour

AUTUMN FOLIAGE COLOUR
Aut-Black
Aut-Brown
(o)-Green

Aut-Grey
Aut-Other Colour
Aut-Purple
Aut-Red
(o)-Variegated
Aut-White
Aut-Yellow
Aut-None
Aut-Multi-Colour

WINTER FOLIAGE COLOUR
Win-Black
Win-Brown
(o)-Green

(o)-Grey
Win-Other Colour
(o)-Purple
Win-Red
(o)-Variegated
Win-White
Win-Yellow
Win-None
Win-Multi-Colour
 

Plant Height from Text Border

Bulb

Brown =
0-4
inches
(0-10
cms)

 

Blue =
4-8
inches (10-20
cms)

 

Green = 8-12
inches (20-30
cms)

 

Magenta = 12-16 inches (30-40
cms)

 

Red = 16-20 inches (40-50
cms)

 

Black = 20-24 inches (50-60
cms)

 

Orange = 24+
inches
(61+
cms)

Perennial

1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12" = 1 foot = 30 cms,
3 feet = 1 yard,
40 inches = 1 metre

Brown =
0-1 feet (0-30
cms)

Blue =
1-2 feet (30-60
cms)

Green =
2-3 feet (60-90
cms)

Red =
3-6 feet (90-180
cms)

Black = 6+ feet (180+
cms)

Shrub

Brown =
0-1 feet (0-30
cms)

Blue =
1-3 feet (30-90
cms)

Green =
3-5 feet (90-150
cms)

Red =
5-10 feet (150-300
cms)

Black = 10+ feet (300+
cms)

Tree

Brown =
0-20 feet (0-600
cms)

Blue =
20-40 feet (600-1200
cms)

Green =
40+ feet (1200
cms)

 

 

Climber

 

Blue =
0-3 feet (0-90
cms)

Green =
3-10 feet (90-300
cms)

Red =
10+ feet (300+
cms)

 

Bamboo, Bedding, Conifer, Fern, Grass, Herb, Odds and Sods, Rhododendron, Rose, Soft Fruit, Top Fruit, Vegetable and Wildflower

 

Blue =
0-2 feet (0-60
cms)

Green =
2-6 feet (60-180
cms)

Red =
6+ feet (180+
cms)

 

Plant Soil Moisture from Text Background

Wet Soil

Moist Soil

Dry Soil

Click on thumbnail to add the Plant Description Page of the plant named in the Text box below that photo.
The Comments Row of that Plant Description Page details where that plant is available from.
Flowering months append the Sun Aspect in the Text Box below each Thumbnail.

Permanent Plant Name if background is yellow

Flower Colour

with link to a Design of East Border or
Design of West Border Page where that plant is located

Flowering Months

with link to each Month of that Flowering Colour Page

Height x Spread in inches (cms)

1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12" = 1 foot = 30 cms, 3 feet = 1 yard, 40 inches = 1 metre

Foliage Colour

Bedding Plant Name if background is blue

Spring

with link to that Foliage Colour in the Spring Page

Summer

with link to that Foliage Colour in the Summer Page

Autumn

with link to that Foliage Colour in the Autumn Page

Winter

with link to that Foliage Colour in the Winter Page

Alternative or Extra Plant Name if background is pink

Bamboo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bedding

Antirrhinum majus 'Bronze Dragon'

Purple and White

antirrhinumcflobronzedragongarnonswilliams1

Jun-Sep

12 x 12
(30 x 30)

Darkest Bronze- almost Black

Darkest Bronze- almost Black

antirrhinumcfolbronzedragongarnonswilliams1

Darkest Bronze- almost Black

 

Salvia blepharophylla 'Diablo'

Scarlet

salviacflo1blepharophylladiablogarnonswilliams

Jun-Oct

24 x 24
(60 x 60)

Dark Green

Dark Green

salviacfolblepharophylladiablogarnonswilliams

Dark Green

 

Bulb

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Climber

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Conifer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Tree

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Perennial

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Shrub

Artemesia
'Powis Castle'

Yellow

Although these plants were next to the path and in front of Pennisetum orientale 'Shogun'; the Pennisetum overgrew them.

Evergreen Tree

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fern

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grass

Cortaderia selloana 'Pumila'

Silvery-Yellow

cortaderiacfloselloanapumilagarnonswilliams

August

60 x 48
(150 x 120)

Dark Green

Dark Green

cortaderiacfol1selloanapumilakavanagh

Dark Green

Dark Green

Pennisetum orientale 'Shogun'

Pale Pink

pennisetumcfloorientaleshogungarnonswilliams

June, July, August, September, October, November

48 x 32
(120 x 80)

Flat, linear, Blue-Green leaves, turning Yellow-Brown in autumn

pennisetumcfolorientaleshogungarnonswilliams

 

Hedge

Carpinus betulus (Hornbeam)

Green Catkins

May

480 x 320
(1200 x 800)

Mid-Green

Mid-Green

Brown dead leaves

Brown dead leaves

Herbaceous Perennial

Aconitum
'Spark's Variety
'

Dark Blue

aconitumcflo1sparksvarietygarnonswilliams

July, August

24-48 x 18-24 (60-120 x 45-60)

Divided into 5-7 lobes of Dark Green

aconitumcfolsparksvarietygarnonswilliams

Divided into 5-7 lobes of Dark Green

Divided into 5-7 lobes of Dark Green

 

Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Purple'

Purple-Red

lythrumcflo1virgatumdropmorepurplegarnonswilliams

June, July, August

36 x 18
(90 x 45)

Dark Green

lythrumcfolsumvirgatumdropmorepurplegarnonswilliams

Dark Green

Dark Green

 

Macleaya x kewensis

Pink

macleayacflo1kewensisgarnonswilliams

July, August, September

100 x 60
(250 x 150)

Large-lobed Grey-Green

macleayacfolkewensisgarnonswilliams

Large-lobed Grey-Green

Large-lobed Grey-Green

 

Phlox paniculata 'Starfire'

Crimson
It has its flowers just showing behind Saponaria officinalis 'Rubra Plena'

July, August, September, October

36 x 24
(90 x 60)

Foliage emerges with maroon tinting, but matures green

Foliage emerges with maroon tinting, but matures green

Foliage emerges with maroon tinting, but matures green

 

Saponaria officinalis 'Rubra Plena'

Pink

saponariacflo1officinalisrubraplena

July, August, September, October

24 x 20
(60 x 50)

Oval, Dark Green

saponariacfolsumofficinalisrubraplena

Oval, Dark Green

Oval, Dark Green

 

Herb

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Odds and Sods

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rhododendron/ Azalea /Camellia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rose

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Soft Fruit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Top Fruit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vegetable

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wildflower

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Garden Design Comments on RHS Garden at Wisley in the 71 pages of the EAST and WEST Borders in the MIXED BORDERS

Flower Colours in each of the 71 Parts of the Mixed Borders - with area indicating that the respective colour has not been used in this part .
 

More (See un-labelled bedding) than 102 plants (This is 29%, which is almost a third) were missing their identity when in flower in 2013 out of 348 in 768 square metres of Mixed Borders garden beds - These herbaceous borders are 6 metres (20 feet) deep and 128 metres (427 feet) long.

Part Number of East and West Mixed Borders

 

Each page provides details and photos of every plant used in that part

 

 

 

 

Unu-sual Col-our

 

 

Number of either invisible or missing identity when in Flower

Each page may also detail a
Design Concept

Perm-anent Herb-ace-ous Pere-nnial

Other Perm-anent Plants

Bed-ding

49 mis-sing out of 176

19 mis-sing out of 73

34 mis-sing out of 99

East 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Formal style required in moving people from Entrance to outlying areas

East 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

Position plants with tiny flowers close to the lawn or path

Provide plant support structures

East 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

Make plant labels visible to aid plant sales and

No plant labels on Pansy / Viola Display

East 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

Create History of each garden bed, so that planting errors can be corrected

East 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

1

1

Use a system to select your plants from their flower colour

East 6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

1

1

Use the colours of the buds, flowers and seedheads with different foliage colours in Winter, Spring, Summer and Autumn of each heather for your groundcover and background

East 7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

1

 

Use

to choose from

East 8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

 

 

Use turf protected paths instead of slabbed paths for small gardens

East 9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

Make your flowers all the same colour like White to harmonise as your flower colour in the simplest flower colour scheme

East 10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

Bulbs can provide flowers from January through to May in the bare ground round the permanent shrubs and perennials

East 11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

Replace bedding and perennials with wildflower lawn edged with normal lawn to reduce gardening time to 1 hour a week

East 12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

With limited garden space, put a wildflower lawn on the roof of your shed / garage / leanto or concreted area on ground to provide flowers

East 13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

1

Create fun version of Snakes and Ladders game using clock flowers

East 14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

1

Further reasons to create garden bed Histories

East 15

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

Create track and use the Square Foot Gardening system for:-

  • wheelchair-bound disabled to use for radio-controlled models on the ground-level of the garden
  • wheelchair-bound children/adults to maintain and replant the raised beds, whilst sitting with their knees under each raised bed
  • school pupils to learn to grow plants
  • wheelchair supported children/adults recovering in hospital, rest or care home to go outside, view them and/or maintain those beds themselves
  • transport the raised bed into the patient's room, so that the patient can admire close-up what they normally see outside from their bed; and then for them to maintain or simply view for a while before that raised bed is returned outside that same day
  • infirm children, adults or pensioners to maintain and replant the raised beds, when they do not need to kneel down, bend their knees or reach above their shoulders

East 16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

 

Climber not seen due to plants in front growing higher than it.

East 17

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

2

 

Create game using Slider Signs that alternate turning left or turning right at each Path Row Junction for you to pick your fruit, flowers, grasses or vegetables.

East 18

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

1

 

Turf protection from wear by people walking or standing on it

East 19

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

Balance Income with Expenditure in Garden

East 20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

 

Safety - If a visitor reports a safety concern, then do not ignore it

East 21

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

2

 

 

East 22

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

1

1

 

East 23

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

1

 

East 24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

East 25

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

3

 

Hide unwanted views of buildings or other areas of garden

East 26

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

 

 

East 27

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

 

East 28

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

East 29

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

1

 

 

East 30

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

 

 

East 31

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

2

 

 

East 32

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

East 33

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

1

 

Select tender plants and then provide Plant Protection from Frost

East 34

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

 

Control human movement through areas

Part Number

 

 

 

 

Unu-sual Col-our

 

 

Either invisible or missing identity when in Flower

Unlabelled Bedding plants

Plant Labelling - A suggestion for plant labelling to help visitors

Further Plant Label and Path Foundation Comments

WISLEY WISLEY Rose Classification System

Perm-anent Herb-ace-ous Pere-nnial

Other Perm-anent Plants

Bed-ding

West 35

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

West 36

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

West 37

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

3

 

 

West 38

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

1

 

 

West 39

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

West 40

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

West 41

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

West 42

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

West 43

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

1

 

 

West 44

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

 

West 45

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

 

West 46

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

1

 

Build soil fertility and structure with legumes and mulches

West 47

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

 

West 48

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

West 49

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

West 50

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

1

 

 

West 51

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

 

 

West 52

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Split garden area into separate shapes

even when a public path goes through the garden

West 53

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

Use Companion planting with Green Manure to deter Pests / Diseases and

Another Climber not seen due to plants in front growing higher than it.

West 54

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

Use long-flowering Speciman Roses as a backdrop

West 55

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

West 56

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

West 57

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

 

 

West 58

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

 

 

West 59

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

1

 

West 60

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

1

 

West 61

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

West 62

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

West 63

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

Reduce time for garden maintenance by avoiding mixing plants together

West 64

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

1

 

 

West 65

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

 

 

West 66

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

West 67

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

1

 

 

West 68

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

 

 

West 69

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

 

 

West 70

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

West 71

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Provide irrigation facilities to water plants and clean paths

Part Number

 

 

 

 

Unu-sual Col-our

 

 

Either invisible or missing identity when in Flower

Confidential email replies from the Royal Horticultural Society to emails from Chris Garnons-Williams with their following instructions for everybody else:-
The contents of this email and any files transmitted with it are confidential, proprietary and may be legally privileged. They are intended solely for the use of the individual or entity to whom they are addressed. If you have received this email in error please notify the sender. If you are not the intended recipient you may not use, disclose, distribute, copy, print or rely on this email. The sender is not responsible for any changes made to any part of this email after transmission. Any views or opinions presented are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent those of the Society.

Perm-anent Herb-ace-ous Pere-nnial

Other Perm-anent Plants

Bed-ding

 

Suggested garden plan:-

This yellow

section is the

bound-ary

wall or fence

or chain-link

fence with hedge

with gated

exit from

any of the

Cedar-gravel

area

 

Row 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Row 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Row 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Row 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Row 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Row 6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Row 7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Row 8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This green

section is the

Ceda-gravel

surface over

all the garden

with further

detail-ed in

Case Study 3 Page

 

 

 

Row 9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Row 10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

House, Care Home,

School or

Hosp-ital

Wall

 

 

 

 

 

 

Making a potting mix for your raised beds:-

In typical container growing mixes, structure is created by combining 2 basic components: something that will absorb water and something that water will flow round. One planting mixture combination is:-

which is the best choice for self-watering containers. 2/3rds fill a wheelbarrow with the above planting mixture and according to Edward C. Smith (for Americans) add:-

  • 1/3 cup blood meal (for nitrogen)
  • 1/3 cup colloidal phosphate (for phosphorus)
  • 1/3 cup greensand ( for potassium and trace elements) and
  • 1 tablespoon azomite.

or according to me (for UK Citizens) add:

  • 500 grms Cal-Sea-Feed (for trace elements and minerals, calcium which neutralizes the acidity of the peat, and Cal-Sea-Feed also encourages beneficial soil bacteria)
  • 500 grms Blood, Fish, Bone (for Nitrogen, Potassium and Phosphorus)

before mixing thoroughly. Add water whilst mixing to make a moist mixture but not a soggy mess. Transfer the result to a self-watering container (whose reservoir is already filled with water).

Detail of above materials:

  • Spagnum peat. Partially decomposed remains of centuries-old sphagnum moss, which holds both water and air. It is organic matter, but it decays very slowly and adds litlle in the way of nutrition. It is very acidic, with a pH of 3.5-4.5.
  • Sedge peat. The ancient, partially decomposed remains of sedge, reeds and grasses. It is of a darker colour than sphagnum peat and holds more water.
  • Coco peat, or coir. Recycled coconut husks, used for aeration and water retention as an ecologically sound alternative to sphagnum peat. It holds more water than sphagnum peat and has a pH range of 5.7 to 6.8.
  • Bark and/or sawdust. Used as a basic ingredient in some potting mixes. It provides organic matter, but few nutrients.
  • Vermiculite. Made from a form of mica rock. The ore has been heated causing it to expand and creating within it spaces for air and water. A cubic foot of vermicultite can hold 32 pounds of water - about 8 gallons. In addition to its air- and water-holding ability, it provides some potassium, calcium and magnesium with a neutral pH.
  • Perlite. Made from volcanic rock that is crushed, and then heated, causing the particles to expand like popcorn. Perlite holds water on its surface and keeps soil light and fluffy. It adds no nutrients to the mix and has a neutral pH.
  • Limestone (either dolomitic or calcitic). A source of calcium to counteract the acidity of peat moss. Dolomitic limestone also contains magnesium.

Details of organic fertilizer:

  • Azomite Trace Mineral Fertilizer is natural mined rock from a specific volcanic deposit in central Utah marketed as a free-flowing, less than 200 mesh, tan to pink powder with a density of 48 lbs./cubic foot. No additives, synthetics or fillers. Mineralogically, Azomite is rhyolitic tuff breccia. Azomite has 67 major and trace elements, so its name means "A to Z Of Minerals Including Trace Elements." Typical analysis shows every element that's beneficial to plants and animals, and other elements (micro-nutrients) scientists believe essential. Azomite was mined since 1942 as soil amendment. Crop farmers report improved growth, health, size. Potatoes report 19-60% increase in yield; sugar beets are larger, with higher sugar content. Citrus growers report improved recovery from decline, healthier trees. This material is easier to buy in America. I would tend to use the Cal-Sea-Feed in the UK, since it is easier to find and it will provide the Calcium instead of from the Limestone in the list above to neutralize the acidity of the peat.
  • Greensand is essentially a hydrated silicate of iron and potash. It is a natural mineral extracted from the famous greensand deposits of Sewell, New Jersey, USA. This natural mineral has a tendency to open tight soils and bind loose soils. Nutrient availability through its' "base-exchange" action releases the minerals in the soil for assimilation by the plant. Valued by growers for decades this rock powder contains a large amount of potassium and trace minerals. Greensand renews vigour of the mineral exchange in the top soil.
  • Cal-Sea-Feed - Calcified Seaweed substitute - A sustainable alternative to Calcified Seaweed for growers. Calcified Seaweed is no longer approved by the Soil Association for use in organic growing, due to concerns that the harvesting of this material is not sustainable and has adverse effects on the marine environment. Cal-Sea-Feed is a blend of dried seaweed, harvested in a sustainable and environmentally benign system, and natural calcium compounds - formulated to give growers the benefits of Calcified Seaweed without the concerns. Cal-Sea-Feed is rich in minerals, encourages beneficial soil bacteria, helps improve heavy soil structure and neutralises acid soils (do not use with acid loving plants). Approved for Organic growing by the Soil Association.
  • Blood, Fish, Bonemeal. A traditional long lasting organic based compound fertilizer - the favourite feed for generations of gardeners. Use anywhere in the garden for flowers, fruit, vegetables. Nitrogen 5% Phosphorus Pentoxide (P2 05) 5% of which Phosphorus Pentoxide (P2 05) soluble in water 0.44%(P0.19%) Phosphorus Pentoxide (P2 05) insoluble in water 4.56%(P1.9%) Potassium Oxide (K2 0) soluble in water 6.5%(K5.4%). Bone meal is an organic fertlizer that is derived from the meat processing industry. Animal bones are cooked and then ground and packaged, then sold as a slow-release fertilizer that offers a good amount of phosphorous. The N-P-K ratio of bone meal is generally 4-12-0, though some steamed bone meals have N-P-Ks of 1-13-0. Bone meal is frequently used to fertilize spring-blooming bulbs, but it also works well in vegetable gardens, on lawns, and in containers to provide phosphorus. Recent CSU research results concluded that no rock P (regardless of mesh size) is available for plant use unless the soil pH is below 7.0.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

Site design and content copyright ©February 2013. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.
 

Solution to Unemployment in Britain:-

"The Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals in Auckland, New Zealand, have taught 3 rescue dogs to drive in an effort to encourage people to adopt and love shelter pets."

Besides the trained dogs who aid Blind People in walking, these other dogs could be trained to drive in Britain. Then, when a Blind person wishes to be driven, an unemployed person could earn their benefit by being in the front passenger seat giving directions to the dog who is doing the driving, but not to the dog who is sitting in the back seat alongside the Blind passenger.

The Blind person gets social interaction and the unemployed person - in aiding this blind person to go further than that person can walk for shopping or to visit friends - increases their self-esteem and self-worth.

The cars are maintained and operated with the dog driver during 8 hours each week by these unemployed. The running costs, cars and car parts are paid for by the local Government Employment Department.

 

 

Topic
Case Studies
Companion Planting
Garden Construction

Garden Design
...RHS Mixed Borders *
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials

......Other Plants

Garden Maintenance
Glossary
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Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
Bulb
Climber
Colour Wheel

 

Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

 


Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging

Herbaceous Perennial
...P -Herbaceous
...RHS Wisley

...Flower Shape

Herb
Odds and Sods

Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable
Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

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