MIXED BORDERS in Royal Horticultural Society Garden at Wisley with my GARDEN DESIGN PAGES

Introduction

WINTER, SPRING, SUMMER WITH EARLY AND LATE AUTUMN SECTIONS OF WISLEY MIXED BORDERS
1-6 East Border

7-10 East Border
1-5 West Border
6-9 West Border


FOLIAGE COLOUR
.Black

.Blue
(o)Brown
.Bronze
(o)Green
(o)Grey
.Other
(o)Purple
(o)Red
(o)Variegated
(o)Variegated White
.Variegated Yellow
.White
.Yellow
.4 Season Colour

FLOWER COLOUR RANGE IN 71 PARTS OF MIXED BORDER DURING
May
June
July
August
September
October
November

7 Flower Colours per Month in Colour Wheel below.

Click on Black or White box in Colour of Month.

colormonth9bpub1a

Garden Design Comments on RHS Garden at Wisley in the 71 pages of the EAST and WEST Borders in the MIXED BORDERS

Flower Colours in each of the 71 Parts of the Mixed Borders - with area indicating that the respective colour has not been used in this part .
 

More (See un-labelled bedding) than 102 plants (This is 29%, which is almost a third) were missing their identity when in flower in 2013 out of 348 in 768 square metres of Mixed Borders garden beds - These herbaceous borders are 6 metres (20 feet) deep and 128 metres (427 feet) long.

Part Number of East and West Mixed Borders

 

Each page provides details and photos of every plant used in that part

 

 

 

 

Unu-sual Col-our

 

 

Number of either invisible or missing identity when in Flower

Each page may also detail a
Design Concept

Perm-anent Herb-ace-ous Pere-nnial

Other Perm-anent Plants

Bed-ding

49 mis-sing out of 176

19 mis-sing out of 73

34 mis-sing out of 99

East 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Formal style required in moving people from Entrance to outlying areas

East 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

Position plants with tiny flowers close to the lawn or path

Provide plant support structures

East 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

Make plant labels visible to aid plant sales and

No plant labels on Pansy / Viola Display

East 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

Create History of each garden bed, so that planting errors can be corrected

East 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

1

1

Use a system to select your plants from their flower colour

East 6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

1

1

Use the colours of the buds, flowers and seedheads with different foliage colours in Winter, Spring, Summer and Autumn of each heather for your groundcover and background

East 7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

1

 

Use

to choose from

East 8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

 

 

Use turf protected paths instead of slabbed paths for small gardens

East 9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

Make your flowers all the same colour like White to harmonise as your flower colour in the simplest flower colour scheme

East 10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

Bulbs can provide flowers from January through to May in the bare ground round the permanent shrubs and perennials

East 11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

Replace bedding and perennials with wildflower lawn edged with normal lawn to reduce gardening time to 1 hour a week

East 12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

With limited garden space, put a wildflower lawn on the roof of your shed / garage / leanto or concreted area on ground to provide flowers

East 13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

1

Create fun version of Snakes and Ladders game using clock flowers

East 14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

1

Further reasons to create garden bed Histories

East 15

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

Create track and use the Square Foot Gardening system for:-

  • wheelchair-bound disabled to use for radio-controlled models on the ground-level of the garden
  • wheelchair-bound children/adults to maintain and replant the raised beds, whilst sitting with their knees under each raised bed
  • school pupils to learn to grow plants
  • wheelchair supported children/adults recovering in hospital, rest or care home to go outside, view them and/or maintain those beds themselves
  • transport the raised bed into the patient's room, so that the patient can admire close-up what they normally see outside from their bed; and then for them to maintain or simply view for a while before that raised bed is returned outside that same day
  • infirm children, adults or pensioners to maintain and replant the raised beds, when they do not need to kneel down, bend their knees or reach above their shoulders

East 16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

 

Climber not seen due to plants in front growing higher than it.

East 17

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

2

 

Create game using Slider Signs that alternate turning left or turning right at each Path Row Junction for you to pick your fruit, flowers, grasses or vegetables.

East 18

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

1

 

Turf protection from wear by people walking or standing on it

East 19

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

Balance Income with Expenditure in Garden

East 20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

 

Safety - If a visitor reports a safety concern, then do not ignore it

East 21

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

2

 

 

East 22

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

1

1

 

East 23

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

1

 

East 24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

East 25

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

3

 

Hide unwanted views of buildings or other areas of garden

East 26

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

 

 

East 27

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

 

East 28

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

East 29

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

1

 

 

East 30

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

 

 

East 31

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

2

 

 

East 32

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

East 33

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

1

 

Select tender plants and then provide Plant Protection from Frost

East 34

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

 

Control human movement through areas

Part Number

 

 

 

 

Unu-sual Col-our

 

 

Either invisible or missing identity when in Flower

Unlabelled Bedding plants

Plant Labelling - A suggestion for plant labelling to help visitors

Further Plant Label and Path Foundation Comments

WISLEY WISLEY Rose Classification System

Perm-anent Herb-ace-ous Pere-nnial

Other Perm-anent Plants

Bed-ding

West 35

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

West 36

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

West 37

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

3

 

 

West 38

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

1

 

 

West 39

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

West 40

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

West 41

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

West 42

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

West 43

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

1

 

 

West 44

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

 

West 45

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

 

West 46

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

1

 

Build soil fertility and structure with legumes and mulches

West 47

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

 

West 48

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

West 49

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

West 50

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

1

 

 

West 51

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

 

 

West 52

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Split garden area into separate shapes

even when a public path goes through the garden

West 53

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

Use Companion planting with Green Manure to deter Pests / Diseases and

Another Climber not seen due to plants in front growing higher than it.

West 54

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

Use long-flowering Speciman Roses as a backdrop

West 55

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

West 56

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

West 57

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

 

 

West 58

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

 

 

West 59

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

1

 

West 60

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

1

 

West 61

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

West 62

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

West 63

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

Reduce time for garden maintenance by avoiding mixing plants together

West 64

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

1

 

 

West 65

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

 

 

West 66

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

West 67

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

1

 

 

West 68

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

 

 

West 69

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

 

 

West 70

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

West 71

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Provide irrigation facilities to water plants and clean paths

Part Number

 

 

 

 

Unu-sual Col-our

 

 

Either invisible or missing identity when in Flower

 

Perm-anent Herb-ace-ous Pere-nnial

Other Perm-anent Plants

Bed-ding


SPRING FOLIAGE COLOUR
Spr-Black
(o)-Brown
(o)-Green

Spr-Grey
Spr-Other Colour
(o)-Purple
(o)-Red
(o)-Variegated
Spr-White
Spr-Yellow
Spr-None
Spr-Multi-Colour

SUMMER FOLIAGE COLOUR
Sum-Black
(o)-Brown
(o)-Green

Sum-Grey
Sum-Other Colour
(o)-Purple
(o)-Red
(o)-Variegated
Sum-White
Sum-Yellow
Sum-None
Sum-Multi-Colour

AUTUMN FOLIAGE COLOUR
Aut-Black
Aut-Brown
(o)-Green

Aut-Grey
Aut-Other Colour
Aut-Purple
Aut-Red
(o)-Variegated
Aut-White
Aut-Yellow
Aut-None
Aut-Multi-Colour

WINTER FOLIAGE COLOUR
Win-Black
Win-Brown
(o)-Green

(o)-Grey
Win-Other Colour
Win-Purple
Win-Red
(o)-Variegated
Win-White
Win-Yellow
Win-None
Win-Multi-Colour
 

Plant Height from Text Border

Bulb

Brown =
0-4
inches
(0-10
cms)

 

Blue =
4-8
inches (10-20
cms)

 

Green = 8-12
inches (20-30
cms)

 

Magenta = 12-16 inches (30-40
cms)

 

Red = 16-20 inches (40-50
cms)

 

Black = 20-24 inches (50-60
cms)

 

Orange = 24+
inches
(61+
cms)

Perennial

1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12" = 1 foot = 30 cms,
3 feet = 1 yard,
40 inches = 1 metre

Brown =
0-1 feet (0-30
cms)

Blue =
1-2 feet (30-60
cms)

Green =
2-3 feet (60-90
cms)

Red =
3-6 feet (90-180
cms)

Black = 6+ feet (180+
cms)

Shrub

Brown =
0-1 feet (0-30
cms)

Blue =
1-3 feet (30-90
cms)

Green =
3-5 feet (90-150
cms)

Red =
5-10 feet (150-300
cms)

Black = 10+ feet (300+
cms)

Tree

Brown =
0-20 feet (0-600
cms)

Blue =
20-40 feet (600-1200
cms)

Green =
40+ feet (1200
cms)

 

 

Climber

 

Blue =
0-3 feet (0-90
cms)

Green =
3-10 feet (90-300
cms)

Red =
10+ feet (300+
cms)

 

Bamboo, Bedding, Conifer, Fern, Grass, Herb, Odds and Sods, Rhododendron, Rose, Soft Fruit, Top Fruit, Vegetable and Wildflower

 

Blue =
0-2 feet (0-60
cms)

Green =
2-6 feet (60-180
cms)

Red =
6+ feet (180+
cms)

 

Plant Soil Moisture from Text Background

Wet Soil

Moist Soil

Dry Soil

Click on thumbnail to add the Plant Description Page of the plant named in the Text box below that photo.
The Comments Row of that Plant Description Page details where that plant is available from.
Flowering months append the Sun Aspect in the Text Box below each Thumbnail.

Due to the number of plants which could be in the list below, then the

Permanent Herbaceous Perennial Plant Index
Bedding Annual Plant Index
Un-labelled Bedding Annual Plant Index

pages have been created to detail the Herbaceous Perennials permanently in these beds with the Bedding Plants that are inserted into the beds in the Spring and removed in the Autumn.

Permanent Herbaceous Perennial Plant Name

with link to its Description Page

Flower Colour

with link to a Design of East Border or
Design of West Border Page where that plant is located

Flowering Months

with link to each Month of that Flowering Colour Page

Height x Spread in inches (cms)

1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12" = 1 foot = 30 cms, 3 feet = 1 yard, 40 inches = 1 metre

Foliage Colour

Flower with link to its Des-cription Page

Spring

with link to that Foliage Colour in the Spring Page

Summer

with link to that Foliage Colour in the Summer Page

Autumn

with link to that Foliage Colour in the Autumn Page

Macleaya x kewensis

Pink

July, August, September

100 x 60
(250 x 150)

Large-lobed Grey-Green

Large-lobed Grey-Green

Large-lobed Grey-Green

macleayacflo1kewensisgarnonswilliams

Macleaya microcarpa 'Kelway's Coral Plume'

Pink

June, July

88 x 40
(220 x 100)

Large, rounded and lobed Grey-Green

Large, rounded and lobed Grey-Green

Large, rounded and lobed Grey-Green

macleayacflo1microcarpakelwayscoralplumegarnonswilliams1

Macleaya microcarpa 'Spetchley Ruby'

Red

June, July

80 x 48
(200 x 120)

Grey-Green

Grey-Green

Grey-Green

macleayaflosmicrocarpaspetchleyrubygarnonswilliams

Monarda 'Gardenview Scarlet'

Red

June, July, August

55 x 55
(140 x 140)

Pale to Mid Green

Pale to Mid Green

Pale to Mid Green

monardacflogardenviewscarletgarnonswilliams

Monarda 'Schneewittchen'

White
Plant removed after 4 Mar 2013 - see walkabout and stateless plants

June, July, August, September

24 x 18
(60 x 45)

Pointed Mid Green

Pointed Mid Green

Pointed Mid Green

 

Monarda 'Scorpion'

Reddish-Purple

July, August, September

60 x 20
(150 x 50)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

monardacfloscorpiongarnonswilliams

Monarda
'Violet Queen'

Violet-Purple

June, July, August

36 x 15
(90 x 38)

Purple-tinged Greyish-Green

Purple-tinged Greyish-Green

Purple-tinged Greyish-Green

monardacflo1violetqueengarnonswilliams

Nepeta govaniana

Pale Yellow

June, July, August, September

36 x 24
(90 x 60)

Large, Ovate, Pale Green

Large, Ovate, Pale Green

Large, Ovate, Pale Green

nepetacflogovanianagarnonswilliams

Nepeta nuda

Violet-Blue
Only flowers visible when photo taken in 24 July 2013

June, July, August

48 x 36
(120 x 90)

Small Grey-Green leaves ascend partway up the stems

Small Grey-Green leaves ascend partway up the stems

Small Grey-Green leaves ascend partway up the stems

nepetacflosnudagarnonswilliams

Nepeta racemosa 'Walker's Low'

Deep Violet to Lilac-Blue

June, July, August, September

24 x 20
(60 x 50)

Mid Green

Mid Green

Mid Green

nepetacflo1racemosawalkerslowgarnonswilliams

Origanum laevigatum 'Herrenhausen'

Pink

June, July, August, September

18 x 24
(45 x 60)

Oval, Green to Reddish-Purple

Oval, Green to Reddish-Purple

Oval, Green to Reddish-Purple

origanumcfloslaevigatumherrenhausengarnonswilliams

Origanum laevigatum 'Rosenkuppel'

Dark Pink

July, August, September, October

18 x 18
(45 x 45)

Small, Dark Green

Small, Dark Green

Small, Dark Green

origanumcflorosenkuppelgarnonswilliams

Persicaria alpina

Creamy-White

July, August, September

70 x 24
(175 x 60)

Large, pointed, Dark Green

Large, pointed, Dark Green

Large, pointed, Dark Green

pesicariacfloalpinagarnonswilliams

Persicaria amplexicaulis 'Alba'

White

July, August, September

(120 x 100)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

persicariacfloamplexicaulisalbagarnonswilliams

Persicaria amplexicaulis 'Atrosanguinea'

Red to Reddish-Pink

June, July, August, September

40 x 30
(100 x 75)

Large, dock-shaped, Mid Green

Large, dock-shaped, Mid Green

Large, dock-shaped, Mid Green

persicariacfloamplexicaulisatrosanguineagarnonswilliams

Persicaria amplexicaulis 'Firetail'

Red
Plants in front grew higher than this plant, so could not photo flowers of this plant

July, August, September, October

48 x 48
(120 x 120)

Large, prominently veined, lance-shaped, Mid Green

Large, prominently veined, lance-shaped, Mid Green

Large, prominently veined, lance-shaped, Mid Green

 

Persicaria amplexicaulis 'Inverleith'

Crimson

July, August, September, October, November

18 x 18
(45 x 45)

Heart-shaped, Mid Green

Heart-shaped, Mid Green

Heart-shaped, Mid Green

persicariacflo1amplexicaulisinverleithgarnonswilliams

Persicaria amplexicaulis 'Rosea'

Pink

June, July, August, September

50 x 60
(125 x 150)

Lance-shaped, Mid Green

Lance-shaped, Mid Green

Lance-shaped, Mid Green

persicariacfloamplexicaulisroseagarnonswilliams

Persicaria amplexicaulis taurus (='blotau')

Rose-madder Red

July, August, September, October

40 x 28
(100 x 70)

Ovate to lance-shaped, pointed, glossy, leathery, Mid Green

Ovate to lance-shaped, pointed, glossy, leathery, Mid Green

Ovate to lance-shaped, pointed, glossy, leathery, Mid Green

persicariacfloamplexicaulistaurusgarnonswilliams

Persicaria microcephala
'Red Dragon'

White
Plants in front grew higher than this plant, so could not photo flowers of this plant

July, August, September

20 x 40
(50 x 100)

Lance-shaped, purplish-green leaves with a bold central splash of Purple bordered by a Silver chevron marking

Lance-shaped, purplish-green leaves with a bold central splash of Purple bordered by a Silver chevron marking

Lance-shaped, purplish-green leaves with a bold central splash of Purple bordered by a Silver chevron marking

 

Peucedanum verticillare

Yellow
Plants in front grew higher than this plant, so could not photo flowers of this plant

June, July, August

80 x 40
(200 x 100)

Bushy clump of blue-green basal triangular leaves, pink-flushed when emerging in the spring

Bushy clump of blue-green basal triangular leaves, pink-flushed when emerging in the spring

Bushy clump of blue-green basal triangular leaves, pink-flushed when emerging in the spring

 

Phlomis russeliana

Pale Yellow

May, June, July, August, September

36 x 30
(90 x 75)

Softly wrinkled, ovate leaves, grey-green on the upper side, whitish and densely hairy beneath

Softly wrinkled, ovate leaves, grey-green on the upper side, whitish and densely hairy beneath

Softly wrinkled, ovate leaves, grey-green on the upper side, whitish and densely hairy beneath

phlomiscflo1russelianagarnonswilliams

Phlox paniculata 'Blue Paradise'

Violet-Blue

July, August

40 x 24
(100 x 60)

Lance-shaped, toothed, Mid Green

Lance-shaped, toothed, Mid Green

Lance-shaped, toothed, Mid Green

phloxcflopaniculatablueparadisekavanagh

Phlox paniculata 'Discovery'

Pale Pink

July, August, September

30 x 20
(75 x 50)

Lance-shaped, Mid Green

Lance-shaped, Mid Green

Lance-shaped, Mid Green

phloxcflopaniculatadiscoverykavanagh

Phlox paniculata
'Eva Cullum'

Deep Pink

July, August, September

30 x 30
(75 x 75)

Narrow, opposite, pointed, lance-shaped, Dark Green

Narrow, opposite, pointed, lance-shaped, Dark Green

Narrow, opposite, pointed, lance-shaped, Dark Green

phloxcflopaniculataevacullumkavanagh

Phlox paniculata 'Franz Schubert'

Lilac
Bindweed growing over it on 29 July 2013

July, August, September

36 x 24
(90 x 60)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

phloxflopaniculatafranzschubertgarnonswilliams

Phlox paniculata 'Light Pink Flame'

Pink

July, August, September

18 x 14
(46 x 36)

Pointed, lance-shaped, Dark Green

Pointed, lance-shaped, Dark Green

Pointed, lance-shaped, Dark Green

phloxcflo1paniculatalightpinkflamegarnonswilliams

Phlox paniculata 'Mia Ruys'

White
Plants in front grew higher than this plant, so could not photo flowers of this plant

July, August, September

24 x 16
(60 x 40)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

 

Phlox paniculata 'Mother of Pearl'

White and Pale Pink

July, August, September

40 x 20
(100 x 50)

Lance-shaped, Dark Green

Lance-shaped, Dark Green

Lance-shaped, Dark Green

phloxcflo1paniculatamotherofpearlgarnonswilliams

Phlox paniculata 'Nesperis'

Emailed RHS for data on this plant in March 2013

This RHS reply sent on 13 September 2013:-
Dear Mr C H Garnons-Williams,   
Thank you for your enquiry to the Royal Horticultural Society's Members' Advisory Service. 
On investigation, I have concluded that the phlox labelled as 'Nesperis' in the garden is in fact: Phlox x arendsii 'Hesperis' . 
A search on the internet will generate a great deal of information on this cultivar.
I hope this information is helpful.
Yours sincerely,   

Tony Dickerson
Horticultural Advisor

Above email sent by the RHS on 13 September 2013 - plant label in Mixed Border bed still not changed by 23 November 2013.

Phlox paniculata 'Otley Choice'

Rose Pink

July, August, September

30 x 16
(75 x 40)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

phloxcflopaniculataotleychoicegarnonswilliams

Phlox paniculata 'Skylight'

Lilac-Blue

July, August, September

30 x 30
(75 x 75)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

phloxcflopaniculataskylightkavanagh

Phlox paniculata 'Snow Hare'

White

July, August, September

40 x 32
(100 x 80)

Oval, Mid Green

Oval, Mid Green

Oval, Mid Green

phloxcflo1paniculatasnowharegarnonswilliams

Phlox paniculata 'Starfire'

Crimson
It has its flowers just showing behind Saponaria officinalis 'Rubra Plena'

July, August, September, October

36 x 24
(90 x 60)

Foliage emerges with maroon tinting, but matures green

Foliage emerges with maroon tinting, but matures green

Foliage emerges with maroon tinting, but matures green

 

Phlox paniculata
'The King'

Blue-purple
Its flowers showing behind 2 sets of plants with white flowers that almost meet in front

July, August, September

24 x 24
(60 x 60)

Mid Green

Mid Green

Mid Green

 

Phlox paniculata 'Violetta Gloriosa'

Lilac-Purple

July, August, September

36 x 12
(90 x 30)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

phloxcflopaniculataviolettagloriosagarnonswilliams

Physostegia virginiana 'Vivid'

Purple-Red

June, July, August, September

24 x 18
(60 x 45)

Lance-shaped Dark Green

Lance-shaped Dark Green

Lance-shaped Dark Green

physostegiacflovirginianavividgarnonswilliams

Lance-shaped Dark Green

Potentilla
'Arc-en-Ciel'

Orange-Red

June, July, August

16 x 12
(40 x 30)

Strawberry-like, Mid Green

Strawberry-like, Mid Green

Strawberry-like, Mid Green

potentillacfloarcencielgarnonswilliams

Potentilla
'Gibson's Scarlet'

Scarlet

June, July, August

16 x 24
(40 x 60)

Strawberry-like, Mid Green

Strawberry-like, Mid Green

Strawberry-like, Mid Green

potentillacflogibsonsscarletgarnonswilliams

Strawberry-like, Mid Green

Rudbeckia fulgida var. deamii

Yellow

August, September, October

24 x 19
(60 x 45)

Oval, Dark Green, roughly hairy leaves

Oval, Dark Green, roughly hairy leaves

Oval, Dark Green, roughly hairy leaves

rudbeckiacflofulgidadeamiigarnonswilliams

Oval, Dark Green, roughly hairy leaves

Rudbekia laciniata 'Herbstsonne'

Yellow
Plants in front grew higher than this plant, so could not photo flowers of this plant

June, July, August, September

80 x 36
(200 x 90)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

 

Salvia transsylvanica
'Blue Spire'

Violet-Blue

June, July, August

30 x 24
(75 x 60)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

salviacflotranssylvanicabluespirekavanagh

Salvia verticillata 'Purple Rain'

Reddish-Purple

May, June, July, August, September

18 x 18
(45 x 45)

Dark Green hairy leaves

Dark Green hairy leaves

Dark Green hairy leaves

salviacflo1verticillatapurpleraingarnonswilliams

Saponaria officinalis 'Rubra Plena'

Pink

July, August, September, October

24 x 20
(60 x 50)

Oval, Dark Green

Oval, Dark Green

Oval, Dark Green

saponariacflo1officinalisrubraplena

Sedum breweri
'X Glen Chantry'

Pink

September, October

20 x 16
(50 x 40)

Light Green

Light Green

Light Green

sedumcflobrewerixglenchantrykavanagh

Sedum 'Herbstfreude'

Progresses from Pale Pink to Deep Pink

August, September

40 x 20
(100 x 50)

Fleshy, oblong, glaucous green leaves

Fleshy, oblong, glaucous green leaves

Fleshy, oblong, glaucous green leaves

sedumcfloherbstfreudegarnonswilliams

Sedum telephium 'Red Cauli'

Red

August, September, October

12 x 12
(30 x 30)

Green

Plum-Purple

Plum-Purple

sedumcfloredcauligarnonswilliams

Sedum spectabile (Brilliant Group) 'Brilliant'

Pinkish-Mauve

August, September, October, November

18 x 18
(45 x 45)

Broadly elliptic, Grey-Green

Broadly elliptic, Grey-Green

Broadly elliptic, Grey-Green

sedumcflospectabilebrilliantgarnonswilliams

Sedum telephium (Atropurpureum Group) 'Xenox'

Rose Pink

August, September

18 x 18
(45 x 45)

Blue/Green leaves with Burgundy margins, which gradually darken to deep purple

Blue/Green leaves with Burgundy margins, which gradually darken to deep purple

Blue/Green leaves with Burgundy margins, which gradually darken to deep purple

sedumcflotelephiumxenoxgarnonswilliams

Sedum telephium subsp. maximum 'Gooseberry Fool'

Creamy-Green

September, October, November

24 x 18
(60 x 45)

Mid Green

Mid Green

Mid Green

sedumcflotelephiumgooseberryfoolgarnonswilliams

Sidalcea 'Wine Red'

Wine-Red

June, July, August

32 x 24
(80 x 60)

Deeply lobed, Dark Green

Deeply lobed, Dark Green

Deeply lobed, Dark Green

sidalceacflowineredkavanagh

Solidago
'Golden Wings'

Yellow
Plants in front grew higher than this plant, so could not photo flowers of this plant

August, September, October

60 x 32
(150 x 80)

Mid Green

Mid Green

Mid Green

 

Stachys byzantina 'Big Ears'

Purple

June, July, August, September

18 x 24
(45 x 60)

Rosettes of large, greyish white, felted leaves

Rosettes of large, greyish white, felted leaves

Rosettes of large, greyish white, felted leaves

stachyscflos2byzantinabigearskavanagh

Rosettes of large, greyish white, felted leaves

Stachys officinalis 'Hummelo'

Lavender-Pink

June, July, August, September

20 x 28
(50 x 70)

Rosettes of pointed Dark Green leaves

Rosettes of pointed Dark Green leaves

Rosettes of pointed Dark Green leaves

stachyscflo1officinalishummelogarnonswilliams

Strobilanthes wallichii

Violet-Blue
Plants in front grew higher than this plant, so could not photo flowers of this plant

August, September, October

48 x 24
(120 x 60)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

 

Succisella inflexa 'Frosted Pearls'

Very light Pink, becoming White, tinged with Blue as they age

June, July, August, September

32 x 18
(80 x 45)

Strap-like, Dark Green

Strap-like, Dark Green

Strap-like, Dark Green

succisellacfloinflexafrostedpearlsgarnonswilliams

Thalictrum 'Elin'

Lavender
Flowers too far away to see unlesss you use zoom on your camera

June, July, August

94 x 23
(240 x 58)

Small 3-4 lobed leaves which are two-toned Blue and Green

Small 3-4 lobed leaves which are two-toned Blue and Green

Small 3-4 lobed leaves which are two-toned Blue and Green

 

Thalictrum delavayi
'Hewitt's Double'

Purple-Pink
Plant removed after 4 Mar 2013 - see walkabout and stateless plants

June, July, August

59 x 23
(148 x 58)

Lacy Blue-Green

Lacy Blue-Green

Lacy Blue-Green

 

Thalictrum flavum subsp. glaucum

Yellow
Unable to locate flowers after its flower buds of 21 Aug 2013

June, July

48 x 48
(120 x 120)

Silvery Blue Green

Silvery Blue Green

Silvery Blue Green

 

Thalictrum rochebrunianum

Purple-Pink or
Lavender

Plants in front grew higher than this plant, so could not photo flowers of this plant

June, July, August

72 x 36
(180 x 90)

Maidenhair fern-like Dark Green

Maidenhair fern-like Dark Green

Maidenhair fern-like Dark Green

 

Verbena bonariensis

Purple

August, September, October

60 x 18
(150 x 45)

Ovate, toothed margin, Dark Green

Ovate, toothed margin, Dark Green

Ovate, toothed margin, Dark Green

verbenacflobonariensisgarnonswilliams

Verbena rigida

Purple or Magenta
Maybe this plant was dead and replaced with some other plant

June, July, August, September, October

24 x 16
(60 x 40)

Light Green

Light Green

Light Green

 

Veronicastrum sibiricum

Pale Purple/ Lavenderish Lilac
Either bindweed covered the Veroni-castrum plant or the other plants in front grew higher than the Veron-icastrum

June, July, August, September

36 x 24
(90 x 60)

Grayish-Green, whorled around stem

Grayish-Green, whorled around stem

Grayish-Green, whorled around stem

 

Veronicastrum virginicum 'Album'

White

June, July, August, September

60 x 24
(150 x 60)

Whorls of pointed Dark Green leaves

Whorls of pointed Dark Green leaves

Whorls of pointed Dark Green leaves

veronicastrumcflovirginicumalbumkavanagh

Veronicastrum virginicum 'Apollo'

Pink, Lavender
Plants in front grew higher than this plant, so could not photo flowers of this plant

July, August, September

60 x 36
(150 x 90)

Lance-shaped dark green leaves in whorls

Lance-shaped dark green leaves in whorls

Lance-shaped dark green leaves in whorls

 

Veronicastrum virginicum 'Fascination'

Violet-Blue/ Mauve

July, August

40 x 20
(100 x 50)

Light Green

Light Green

Light Green

veronicastrumcflo1virginicumfascinationgarnonswilliams

Veronicastrum virginicum 'Lavendelturm'

Pale Lavender

July, August, September

60 x 18
(150 x 45)

Whorls of Dark Green leaves

Whorls of Dark Green leaves

Whorls of Dark Green leaves

veronicastrumcflovirginicumlavenelturmkavanagh

Veronicastrum virginicum
'Pointed Finger
'

Lilac/ Pale Blue
Missed taking photos of its flowers which were created between 13 May and 24 July 2013

June, July

42 x 20
(105 x 50)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

 

Veronicastrum virginicum f. roseum 'Pink Glow'

Pale Pink

July, August, September

60 x 26
(150 x 65)

Whorls of deep Green leaves

Whorls of deep Green leaves

Whorls of deep Green leaves

veronicastrumflovirginicumroseumpinkglowgarnonswilliams

x heucherella 'Kimono'

Pink

May, June, July

18 x 14
(45 x 35)

Silvery-Green leaves, the main veins flushed with dark Bronze-Purple

Silvery-Green leaves, the main veins flushed with dark Bronze-Purple

Silvery-Green leaves, the main veins flushed with dark Bronze-Purple

xheucherellacfloskimonokavanagh

Silvery-Green leaves, the main veins flushed with dark Bronze-Purple

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

Site design and content copyright ©February 2013. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.
 

Britain's National Debt rose from
£12 million in 1700 to
£850 million by the end of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815. The First World War increased the debt from
£650 million in 1914 to
£7.4 billion (1000 million = 1 billion) in 1919. After the Second World War in 1946 the debt had grown to
£24.7 billion. It rose to
£33.1 billion by 1970 and continued to
£197.4 billion in 1988. In 1997 Public Sector Net Debt stood at
£352 billion. From there it took only 12 years to double to
£704 billion. It has increased by £120 billion each year since to
£1064 billion - only taking 3 years instead of 12 to increase the debt by more than the total debt was in 1997.

In order to pay to keep the politicians making names for themselves in going to war (we still pay for our troops to be in Germany - perhaps some-one should tell them that the Germans surrendered in 1945), we the stupid public have to pay (the next addition to the number of current wars for British Politicians is Syria) - The European Union has asked the Cypriot Government to take a percentage of the savings from the public directly from their bank accounts without asking them in March 2013 to pay off part of the Cypriot Government Debt to the European Union. The banks in Cyprus have currently closed down to prevent their depositors from removing their own money themselves.

If the Cypriot Government or the EEC take that money, how safe is yours in any country in the world from government theft?

That is a great way to improve the morale of the people you govern - especially when you point out that it might be possible that the spending by the government will be matched by the income it gets from taxation by the year 2018, which by then the debt will have exceeded £2000 billion, and if the interest rate goes up to what the other countries are paying of over 7%, then £140 billion will have to be paid each year just to service the interest on that debt. That uses 23.6% of the tax that UK Government hopes to collect in 2012/13 (£155 billion for Income Tax for that year) which is 1 million pounds of interest being charged every 225.257 seconds.

 

Topic
Case Studies
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...RHS Mixed Borders *
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials

......Other Plants

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Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
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Colour Wheel

Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index


Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging

Herbaceous Perennial
...P -Herbaceous
...RHS Wisley

...Flower Shape

Herb
Odds and Sods

Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable
Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

Ivydene Gardens Mixed Borders Garden Design:
Mixed Border - Permanent Herbaceous Perennial Plant Index

This Mixed Border scheme has deciduous climbers, trees, evergreen and deciduous shrubs with bulbs as its other permanent plants to provide a permanent structure; which is backed by a deciduous hornbeam hedge.

This mixture provides a foliage and flower foil against which these other permanent herbaceous perennials can provide new growth from the ground each year, with the different colours of foliage from juvenile to mature to dying off in the autumn and then an easy maintenance during the months of December-March for removing most of the growth above ground and replacing the plant supports to provide a neat bed in a series of large ground areas.

The bedding plants provide the icing on the cake at different flowering time periods between May and November to enhance the overall flower colour scheme. The new bedding each year can provide opportunities to vary the look of these beds.

It was disapointing that I did not see and/or identify the flowers during 2013 of almost a third (28%) of these Permanent Herbaceous Perennial Plants - possible reasons shown in Lost Flowers Page with 'Walkabout' Plants and 'Stateless' Plants Page.

A table for each month - May, June, July, August, September, October, November - shows the flower photos for each of the 71 parts of the Mixed Borders split into Blue, Orange, Pink, Red, Unusual Colour, White, or Yellow for all the plants. Besides that, you can see from the table below that Red and Pink with Unusual Flower Colours seem to be predominant as flower colours and that these are spread throughout the beds.
Not having the knowledge of a fully qualified Royal Horticultural Society gardener, I am failing to see either

  • a colour scheme from pastels to bright colours and then back to pastels to accentuate the middle area of the entrance to the Plant Centre or exit path to the Bowes-Lyon Rose Garden on the other side or
  • the Red, bright Blue and Bright Yellows being closest to the garden entrance with the pastels at the furthest point of Battleston Hill to provide a visual extension to these beds or
  • the duplication of the same plant throughout the beds to provide continuity (there are 14 Phlox varieties which provide some kind of continuity in the bed in using the same family with the same kind of plant form). Each of the Permanent Herbaceous Perennials normally only occurs in 1 patch in these Mixed Border Beds - rarely twice and even more rarely in 3 patches. Each of the parts of the Mixed Border beds overlaps the adjacent parts, so depending on how wide on the ground is that patch of a collection of a plant, then it depends on how many parts of the 71 parts that it is on.
    or
  • change of flower colour from for example Yellow in May to Red in September to coincide with the possibility of the herbaceous shrubs/trees/hedge foliage becoming Brown/Red in the Autumn, in this Mixed Border or background hedge.
    or
  • how the following distribution of flower colours from the Permanent Herbaceous Perennials in these beds comes from a restful to the eye and mind, coordinated and planned flower planting scheme:-
    Red or Pink flowers occurs in
    35 parts (17 Pink + 20 Red - 2 Pink and Red) in June,
    53 parts in July,
    59 in August and
    60 in September.
    Multi-coloured or not Blue, Orange, Pink, Red, White or Yellow flowers occurs in
    35 parts in June,
    53 parts in July,
    57 parts in August and
    47 parts in September.
    Mixtures of 2 or more colours is
    29 in June (16 of 2 colours + 17 of 3 colours + 2 of 4 or more colours - 6 of White and other Colour),
    52 in July,
    55 in August,
    50 in September.

I will continue to add the BEDding (started January 2014 - completed March 2014) and then the OTHer Permanent Plants (started March 2014 - completed May 2014) to the table below to show the flower colour planting scheme of the Bedding and the Other Permanent Plants and then its combination.
"Bedding Plant in Unknown Section" top data row in the Flower Colour Range months pages refers to the lack of a photo taken by me or H. Kavanagh of that bedding plant with the label in the same photo of a Permanent Herbaceous Perennial or Other Permanent Plant whose location in 1 or more of the 71 Parts of those Mixed Borders can be identified.

 

Number of parts of the 71 parts of the Mixed Borders with flowers of the following colours in the following months:-

 

 

 

 

 

Unu-sual Col-our

 

 

White and other colour

Pink and Red

2 col-ours with-out White as 1 of them

3 col-ours with White as 1 of them or not 1 of them

4 or more
col-ours with White as 1 of them or not 1 of them

Month

176
Per-manent Herbac-eous Peren-nials

3

 

2

 

5

 

4

 

 

1

 

 

May

13

2

17

20

35

21

23

6

2

16

17

2

Jun

28

2

40

25

53

37

25

2

12

8

22

24

Jul

33

2

48

24

57

38

36

1

13

3

27

26

Aug

20

2

53

18

47

34

28

3

11

9

37

7

Sep

9

2

23

12

19

16

13

9

3

9

5

 

Oct

 

 

6

3

7

3

1

2

 

 

 

 

Nov

99 BEDding

 

 

8

5

12

6

 

3

 

3

 

 

May

 

3

10

21

29

11

 

4

2

2

3

1

Jun

8

6

11

35

41

17

6

4

4

9

7

2

Jul

8

6

11

37

41

17

6

4

6

11

6

2

Aug

6

6

11

35

44

13

6

4

5

8

7

1

Sep

4

6

11

28

33

8

6

1

6

9

2

2

Oct

 

 

2

11

7

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nov

73
OTHer Perma-nent plants of other Plant Types

 

 

2

 

1

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

May

3

 

11

4

12

11

5

2

 

1

1

 

Jun

7

 

16

6

24

20

7

5

 

3

5

1

Jul

7

 

16

6

26

26

14

9

 

7

5

1

Aug

7

 

14

8

17

22

5

6

 

4

3

 

Sep

 

 

7

4

4

2

5

1

 

 

 

 

Oct

 

 

2

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

Nov

176
Per-manent Herbac-eous Peren-nials
+
99
BEDding
+
73
OTHer Perma-nent plants of other Plant Types

3

 

11

5

17

13

4

2

 

8

1

 

May

16

5

28

31

49

37

27

5

12

13

15

19

Jun

39

7

48

40

58

52

31

3

23

4

4

46

Jul

35

5

54

37

63

53

39

2

24

3

10

53

Aug

23

8

54

34

61

45

31

 

23

9

21

35

Sep

13

5

33

28

36

20

21

7

11

15

18

9

Oct

 

 

9

11

14

6

4

1

3

 

1

2

Nov

 

 

 

 

 

Unu-sual Col-our

 

 

White and other colour

Pink and Red

2 col-ours with-out White as 1 of them

3 col-ours with White as 1 of them or not 1 of them

4 or more
col-ours with White as 1 of them or not 1 of them

Month

Me and H. Kavanagh were unable to obtain photos of the flowers of these Other Permanent Plants in 2013:-

  • 7 Climbers,
  • Miscanthus sinensis 'Kaskade',
  • Miscanthus sinensis 'Roland',
  • Sambucus nigra 'Guincho Purple',
  • Sambucus nigra 'Gerda' and
  • Buddleja davidii nanhoensis 'Nanho Purple' from the Other Permanent Plants produced spring foliage, but then were lost as the plants in front grew higher than they grew or the visability of its Plant Label was lost after May 2013.
  • Ligustrum quihoui,
  • Cornus alba 'Elegantissima' and
  • Paeonia lutea var. ludlowii were at the back of the borders and were too far away to find and photo its flowers in 2013.
  • Catalpa bignonioides 'Aurea' and
  • Paulownia tomentosa produced foliage but no flowers.
  • Artemesia abrotanum produced foliage but no flowers - is this because this plant rarely produces flowers in British gardens?
  • Artemesia 'Powis Castle' at the front of the border was overgrown by the Pennisetum orientale 'Shogun' behind it.

Clematis 'Kermesina' was probably removed from East Border 23 in March 2013.

In the late 19th century, Onopordum acanthium was introduced to temperate regions of North America, South America, and Australia as an ornamental plant, and is now considered a major agricultural and wildland noxious weed. I would not recommend growing it in your garden, orchard or fields.

If you find it difficult to buy Rosa Bonica 'Meidomonac' in the Retail Market like at garden centres or mail-order nurseries, then see WISLEY WISLEY Rose Classification System Page for details on this Rosa Retail Name 'Trade Name' RHS naming system.

 

Index starts in next row for A-L.

Index continues in right hand table from M-V.

Permanent Herbaceous Perennial Plant Name

Flower Colour

with link to a Design of East Border or
Design of West Border Page where that plant is located

Flowering Months

with link to each Month of that Flowering Colour Page

Height x Spread in inches (cms)

1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12" = 1 foot = 30 cms, 3 feet = 1 yard, 40 inches = 1 metre

Foliage Colour

Flower with link to its Des-cription Page

Spring

with link to that Foliage Colour in the Spring Page

Summer

with link to that Foliage Colour in the Summer Page

Autumn

with link to that Foliage Colour in the Autumn Page

Achillea filipendulina
'Cloth of Gold
'

Mustard Yellow

June, July, August, September

96 x 40
(250 x 100)

Finely-cut ferny
Light Green

Finely-cut ferny
Light Green

Finely-cut ferny
Light Green

achilleacfloclothofgoldkavanagh1

Achillea
filipendulina
'Gold Plate
'

Bright Golden-Yellow

June, July, August

48 x 24
(120 x 60)

Finely dissected feathery soft Green

Finely dissected feathery soft Green

Finely dissected feathery soft Green

achilleacflosgoldplatekavanagh

Achillea filipendulina 'Parker's Variety'

Golden-Yellow

June, July, August

40-60 x 20-40 (100-150 x 50-100)

Deeply-dissected, fern-like, aromatic, Grayish-Green to Green

Deeply-dissected, fern-like, aromatic, Grayish-Green to Green

Deeply-dissected, fern-like, aromatic, Grayish-Green to Green

achilleacflo1parkersvarietygarnonswilliams

Achillea grandifolia

Creamy-White
Photo taken on 24 July 2013 was of seed heads not flowers

June, July,
August

60 x 40
(150 x 100)

Broad Gray-Green ferny foliage

Broad Gray-Green ferny foliage

Broad Gray-Green ferny foliage

 

Achillea ptarmica 'Perry's White'

White

July, August, September

32-39 x 24
(80-100 x 60)

Lance-shaped finely toothed Dark Green

Lance-shaped finely toothed Dark Green

Lance-shaped finely toothed Dark Green

achilleafloperryswhitekavanagh

Aconitum carmichaelii 'Barker's Variety'

Violet-Blue
Plants in front grew higher than this plant, so could not photo flowers of this plant

July, August, September

64 x 16
(160 x 40)

Mid Green

Mid Green

Mid Green

 

Aconitum carmichaelii (Wilsonii Group) 'Kelmscott'

Dark Blue
Plants in front grew higher than this plant, so could not photo flowers of this plant

August, September

96 x 40
(250 x 100)

Deeply divided, glossy Green

Deeply divided, glossy Green

Deeply divided, glossy Green

 

Aconitum napellus

Violet-Blue
Plants in front grew higher than this plant, so could not photo flowers of this plant

July, August

40-60 x 4-20 (100-150 x 10-50)

Deeply divided, Dark Green

Deeply divided, Dark Green

Deeply divided, Dark Green

 

Aconitum 'Spark's Variety'

Dark Blue

July, August

24-48 x 18-24 (60-120 x 45-60)

Divided into 5-7 lobes of Dark Green

Divided into 5-7 lobes of Dark Green

Divided into 5-7 lobes of Dark Green

aconitumcflo1sparksvarietygarnonswilliams

Actaea simplex
'Pink Spike
'

Pale Pink matures to Dark Pink

September , October

70 x 40
(175 x 100)

Dark green with Purple tones matures greener

Dark green with Purple tones matures greener

Dark green with Purple tones matures greener

actaeacflos2simplexpinkspikegarnonswilliams

Actaea simplex 'Prichard's Giant'

Creamy-White
Plants in front grew higher than this plant, so could not photo flowers of this plant

August, September, October

80 x 24
(200 x 60)

Mid to Dark Green

Mid to Dark Green

Mid to Dark Green

 

Actaea simplex (Atropurpurea Group) 'Brunette'

Creamy-White

July, August, September, October

48-36
(120 x 90)

Deep Purple

Deep Purple

Deep Purple

actaeaflosimplexbrunettegarnonswilliams

Agapanthus 'Buckingham Palace'

Deep Blue

July, August, September

60 x 24
(150 x 60)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

agapanthuscflobuckinghampalacekavanagh

A Bulb

Agapanthus campanulatus var. albidus

Creamy-White

June,
July,
August

40 x 20
(100 x 50)

Narrow, strappy, dark Gray-Green

Narrow, strappy, dark Gray-Green

Narrow, strappy, dark Gray-Green

agapanthuscflos1campanulatusalbidusgarnonswilliams

A Bulb

Agapanthus
'Loch Hope
'

Dark Blue

August, September

60 x 24
(150 x 60)

Narrow strap-shaped Greyish-Green

Narrow strap-shaped Greyish-Green

Narrow strap-shaped Greyish-Green

agapanthuscflolochhopegarnonswilliams

A Bulb

Agapanthus 'Midnight Blue'

Dark Blue

July, August

18 x 12
(45 x 30)

Strap-shaped Dark Green

Strap-shaped Dark Green

Strap-shaped Dark Green

agapanthuscflomidnightbluegarnonswilliams

A Bulb mixed in with Allium sphaero-cephalon

Agapanthus praecox
'Maximus Albus
'

White
Missed taking photo of flowers

July, August

36 x 20
(90 x 50)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

A Bulb

Agapanthus
'Silver Mist
'

Very pale Silver/Blue

August, September

32 x 24
(80 x 60)

Arching strap-shaped Dark Green

Arching strap-shaped Dark Green

Arching strap-shaped Dark Green

agapanthuscflosilvermistgarnonswilliams

A Bulb

Agastache
'Black Adder
'

Smokey-lilac

July, August, September, October

36 x 16
(90 x 40)

Blue-Green

Blue-Green

Blue-Green

agastachecflos1blackadderkavanagh

Agastache
'Blue Fortune
'

Lilac-Blue

July, August, September, October

40 x 16
(100 x 40)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

agastachecflo2bluefortunegarnonswilliams

Ageratina altissima 'Braunlaub'

White
Plants in front grew higher than this plant, so could not photo flowers of this plant

July, August, September, October

48 x 24
(120 x 60)

Grey-Green

Grey-Green

Grey-Green

 

Alstroemeria brasiliensis

Maroon-Pink and Green

June, July, August, September, October, November

24 x 16
(60 x 40)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

alstroemeriacflo2brasiliensiskavanagh

Alstroemeria 'Friendship'

Outer segments creamy-Yellow, flushed Pink, the inner ones Yellow streaked with Brown

June, July, August, September, October, November

20-40 x 4-20
(50-100 x 10-50)

Lance-shaped Dark Green

Lance-shaped Dark Green

Lance-shaped Dark Green

alstroemeriaflo1friendshipgarnonswilliams

Alstroemeria 'Tessa'

Magenta

June, July, August, September, October, November

28 x 24
(70 x 60)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

alstroemeriacflo1tessakavanagh

Althaea cannabina (Hemp-leaved Hollyhock)

Pink or Reddish-Purple
Plants in front grew higher than this plant, so could not photo flowers of this plant

July, August, September

72 x 60
(180 x 150)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

 

Amicia zygomeris

Purple and Yellow

September, October, November

60-100 x 40-60
(150-250 x 100-150)

Mid Green

Mid Green, flushed Red, flushed Purple

Mid Green, flushed Red, flushed Purple

amiciacfloszygomerisgarnonswilliams

Anemone hupehensis var. japonica
'Prinz Heinrich
'

Rose-Pink

July, August, September

20-40 x 20-40
(50-100 x 50-100)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

anemoneflohupehensisjaponicaprinzheinrichgarnonswilliams

Anemone hupehensis var. japonica 'Splendens'

Pale Pink
Missed taking photo of flowers

August, September, October

24-40 x 24-40 (60-100 x 60-100)

Mid Green

Mid Green

Mid Green

 

Anemone x hybrida 'Honorine Jobert'

White

August, September, October

40-60 x 20-40
(100-150 x 50-100)

Dark Green divided leaves

Dark Green divided leaves

Dark Green divided leaves

anemonecflohybridahonorinejobertgarnonswilliams

Anemone x hybrida (Luise Uhink Japanese Anemone)

White

August, September, October

60 x 24
(150 x 60)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

anemonecflohybridaluiseuthinkgarnonswilliams

Artemisia lactiflora 'Elfenbein'

Creamy-White
Missed taking photo of flowers

July, August, September

60 x 24
(150 x 60)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

 

Artemisia ludoviciana
'Valerie Finnis'

Yellowish-Brown
Missed taking photo of flowers

August, September

24 x 24
(60 x 60)

Grey/Silver and White

Grey/Silver and White

Grey/Silver and White

 

Artemisia 'Rosenschleier'

Pink
Flowers too small and seen from too much distance

July, August, September

60 x 18-24
(150 x 45-60)

Jagged edge Dark Green

Jagged edge Dark Green

Jagged edge Dark Green

 

Aster lateriflorus 'Lady in Black'

White
Missed taking photo of flowers

September, October

12-36 x 12-36 (30-90 x 30-90)

Dark Purple

Dark Purple

Dark Purple

 

Aster lateriflorus var. horizontalis

Red and White
Missed taking photos of flowers

July, August, September, October

4-20 x 4-20
(10-50 x 10-50)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

 

Aster novae-angliae 'Barrs Pink'

Rose-Pink
missed taking photo of flowers

September, October

52 x 24
(130 x 60)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

 

Aster novae-angliae
'Mrs S T Wright
'

Lilac-Blue
missed taking photo of flowers

September, October

60 x 16-24
(150 x 40-60)

Mid Green

Mid Green

Mid Green

 

Aster novae-angliae
'Roter Stern
'

Purple-
Pink
missed taking photo of flowers

August, September

12-18 x 8-12
(30-45 x 20-30)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

 

Aster novae-angliae 'Rubinschatz'

Purple-Pink

September, October

45 x 78
(113 x 200)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

astercflo1novaeangliaerubinschatzgarnonswilliams1

Aster novae-angliae 'Septemberrubin'

Ruby-Red
Plants in front grew higher than this plant, so could not photo flowers of this plant

September October

48 x 36
(120 x 90)

Mid Green

Mid Green

Mid Green

 

Aster turbinellus

Pink
Mistaken yellow flowers on top of this plant from climber alongside for this plant's violet flowers

August, September, October, November

48-60 x 24
(120-150 x 60)

Lance-shaped Mid Green

Lance-shaped Mid Green

Lance-shaped Mid Green

 

Astrantia major 'Roma'

Pale Pink

June, July, August, September

24 x 16
(60 x 40)

Deeply lobed Mid Green

Deeply lobed Mid Green

Deeply lobed Mid Green

astrantiacflo1romagarnonswilliams

Baptisia australis

Violet-Blue

June

40-60 x 20-40
(100-150 x 50-100)

Trifoliate Grey-Green

Trifoliate Grey-Green

Trifoliate Grey-Green

baptisiacflo1australisgarnonswilliams

Campanula lactiflora
'Loddon Anna
'

Pinkish-White

July, August, September

60 x 24
(150 x 60)

Toothed Mid Green

Toothed Mid Green

Toothed Mid Green

campanulacflo1lactifloraloddonannagarnonswilliams

Centaurea atropurpurea

Maroon

June, July, August

48 x 20
(120 x 50)

Grey-Green

Grey-Green

Grey-Green

centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh

Chelone glabra

White with Pink tinge

August, September, October

24-36 x 18-30
(60-90 x 45-75)

Coarsely-toothed, lance-shaped, Dark Green

Coarsely-toothed, lance-shaped, Dark Green

Coarsely-toothed, lance-shaped, Dark Green

chelonecfloglabrakavanagh

Chelone obliqua

Deep Pink or Purple

August, September

24 x 12
(60 x 30)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

chelonecflo1obliquagarnonswilliams

Crambe cordifolia

White
Unable to locate plant label to take photos of its flowers after May 2013

June, July

60-100 x 40-60
(150-250 x 100-150)

Lobed Dark Green

Lobed Dark Green

Lobed Dark Green

 

Crambe maritima

White

June

20-40 x 4-20
(50-100 x 10-50)

Lobed, wavy-edged Blue-Green

Lobed, wavy-edged Blue-Green

Lobed, wavy-edged Blue-Green

crambecflomaritimagarnonswilliams

Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora 'George Davison'

Amber Yellow

July, August, September

24 x 24
(60 x 60)

Narrow, sword-shaped Mid Green

Narrow, sword-shaped Mid Green

Narrow, sword-shaped Mid Green

crocosmiacflocrocosmiiflorageorgedavisongarnonswilliams

Crocosmia
'Severn Sunrise
'

Opening Orange fades to Pink
Unable to locate plant label to take photos of its flowers after May 2013

August, September, October

35 x 23
(88 x 48)

Erect, narrow, sword-shaped and Dark Green

Erect, narrow, sword-shaped and Dark Green

Erect, narrow, sword-shaped and Dark Green

A Bulb

Crocosmia x crocosmioides 'Vulcan'

Rich-Red

June, July, August

36 x 18
(90 x 45)

Upright, pleated, wide, lance-shaped, mid Green leaves

Upright, pleated, wide, lance-shaped, mid Green leaves

Upright, pleated, wide, lance-shaped, mid Green leaves

crocosmiacflo3vulcangarnonswilliams

A Bulb

Cynara cardunculus

Purple
Unable to locate flowers after 21 Aug 2013

June, July, August, September

60 x 48
(150 x 120)

Dagger-shaped gray-green and arching

Dagger-shaped gray-green and arching

Dagger-shaped gray-green and arching

 

Datisca cannabina

Creamy-Yellow-Green
Unable to locate flowers after 13 May 2013

May, June, July, August

80 x 40
(200 x 100)

Mid Green

Mid Green

Mid Green

 

Echinacea purpurea 'Magnus'

Deep Pink

July, August, September

40 x 18
(100 x 45)

Narrowly oval Dark Green

Narrowly oval Dark Green

Narrowly oval Dark Green

echinaceacflopurpureamagnuskavanagh

Ethinacea purpurea 'Lustre Hybrids'

Pink, Red and White

June, July, August, September

18-24 x 14
(45-60 x 35)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams

Echinacea purpurea 'Rubinglow'

Pinky-Red

June, July, August, September

28 x 16
(70 x 40)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

echinaceacflo2purpurearubinglowgarnonswilliams

Echinacea purpurea 'Ruby Giant'

Deep Pink fades to Greyish-Pink

June, July, August

39 x 39
(98 x 98)

Coarsely toothed Dark Green

Coarsely toothed Dark Green

Coarsely toothed Dark Green

echinaceacflopurpurearubygiantkavanagh

Echinops bannaticus

Blue
Plants in front grew higher than this plant, so could not photo flowers of this plant

July, August

18-48 x 24
(45-120 x 60)

Prickly Grey-Green

Prickly Grey-Green

Prickly Grey-Green

 

Echinops bannaticus
'Taplow Blue
'

Steel-Blue

July, August

40-60 x 20-40
(100-150 x 50-100)

Prickly Grey-Green

Prickly Grey-Green

Prickly Grey-Green

echinopscflo1bannaticustaplowbluegarnonswilliams

Eupatorium lindleyanum

Pink

September, October

12-60 x 24
(30-150 x 60)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

eupatoriumcflo1lindleyanumgarnonswilliams

Eupatorium maculatum 'Atropurpureum Group'

Purple-Pink

July, August, September

88 x 40
(220 x 100)

Lance-shaped bright Green

Lance-shaped bright Green

Lance-shaped bright Green

eupatoriumcflo1maculatumatropurpureumgroupgarnonswilliams

Eupatorium maculatum (Atropurpureum Group) 'Riesenschirm'

Purple-
Pink

Plants in front grew higher than this plant, so could not photo flowers of this plant

July, August, September

80 x 80
(200 x 200)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

 

Eupatorium purpureum

Purplish-Pink
Plant removed after 4 Mar 2013 - see walkabout and stateless plants

August, September, October

60-100 x 20-40
(150-250 x 50-100)

Lance-shaped Purple-tinged, Dark Green

Lance-shaped Purple-tinged, Dark Green

Lance-shaped Purple-tinged, Dark Green

 

Euphorbia wallichii

Orange-Yellow

May, June, July, August

24 x 20
(60 x 50)

White-veined, Dark Green with Purple-tinted margins

White-veined, Dark Green with Purple-tinted margins

White-veined, Dark Green with Purple-tinted margins

euphorbiacflo1wallichiigarnonswilliams

Filipendula rubra 'Venusta'

Deep Pink age to paler Pink

June, July

60-100 x 20-40
(150-250 x 50-100)

Mid Green

Mid Green

Mid Green

filipendulacflorubravenustakavanagh

Foeniculum vulgare 'Giant Bronze'

Sulphur-Yellow
Plant removed after 4 Mar 2013 - see walkabout and stateless plants

July, August

72 x 18
(180 x 45)

Feathery, Bronze-Purple

Feathery, Bronze-Purple

Feathery, Bronze-Purple

 

Foeniculeum vulgare 'Purpureum'

Yellow

July, August

60 x 20
(150 x 50)

Bronze-Purple

Bronze-Purple - looks Green to me

Bronze-Purple

foeniculumcflo1vulgarepurpureumgarnonswilliams

Galega x hartlandii 'Alba'

White

June, July, August, September

48 x 36
(120 x 90)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

galegacflohartlandiialbakavanagh

Galega officinalis

Purple to White

June, July, August, September

48 x 32
(120 x 80)

Mid Green

Mid Green

Mid Green

galegacfloofficinaliskavanagh

Geranium psilostemon

Magenta-Crimson

June, July, August

36 x 36
(90 x 90)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

geraniumcflo2psilostemongarnonswilliams

Geranium 'Rozanne' ('Gerwat')

Violet-Blue

June, July, August, September

24 x 16
(60 x 40)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

geraniumcflo1rozannegarnonswilliams

Geranium x oxonianum 'Wargrave Pink'

Salmon-Pink

May, June, July, August, September

24 x 18
(60 x 45)

Mid Green leaves divided into 5 lobes

Mid Green leaves divided into 5 lobes

Mid Green leaves divided into 5 lobes

geraniumcflo1wargravepinkgarnonswilliams

Geum
'Totally Tangerine'

Apricot-orange

June, July, August

24 x 20
(60 x 50)

Divided, toothed and scalloped Dark Green

Divided, toothed and scalloped Dark Green

Divided, toothed and scalloped Dark Green

geumcflo1totallytangerinegarnonswilliams

Helenium 'Gartensonne'

Yellow
Flowers too far away to see unlesss you use zoom on your camera

July, August, September

72 x 24
(180 x 60)

Medium Green

Medium Green

Medium Green

 

Helenium 'Indianersommer'

Brick Orange Red
Plants in front grew higher than this plant, so could not photo flowers of this plant

June, July, August

36 x 24
(90 x 60)

Lance-shaped, Mid-Green

Lance-shaped, Mid-Green

Lance-shaped, Mid-Green

 

Helenium
'Moerheim Beauty
'

Coppery-Red

June, July, August

38-51 x 16
(95-128 x 40)

Mid Green

Mid Green

Mid Green

heleniumcflo1moerheimbeautygarnonswilliams

Helenium 'Sahin's Early Flowerer'

Orange and Yellow

June, July, August, September, October

20-40 x 4-20
(50-100 x 10-50)

Mid Green

Mid Green

Mid Green

heleniumcflo1sahinsearlyflowerergarnonswilliams

Helenium 'Sonnenwunder'

Yellow

September, October

72 x 24
(180 x 60)

Mid Green

Mid Green

Mid Green

heleniumcflo1sonnenwundergarnonswilliams

Helenium 'Waltraut'

Brown and Yellow

June, July, August, September, October

20-40 x 4-20
(50-100 x 10-50)

Mid Green

Mid Green

Mid Green

heleniumcfloswaltrautkavanagh

Helianthus salicifolius

Yellow If it flowered in Sep-Oct, I missed taking their photos

September, October

96-120 x 12-36
240-300 x 30-90)

Narrow, drooping, willow-like, pale Green

Narrow, drooping, willow-like, pale Green

Narrow, drooping, willow-like, pale Green

 

Helianthus x laetiflorus

Yellow

August, September, October

80 x 48
(200 x 120)

Narrowly-ovate, toothed, Dark Green

Narrowly-ovate, toothed, Dark Green

Narrowly-ovate, toothed, Dark Green

helianthuscflolaetiflorusgarnonswilliams

Helianthus
'Lemon Queen
'

Pale Yellow

July, August, September

80 x 18
(200 x 45)

Mid to Dark Green

Mid to Dark Green

Mid to Dark Green

helianthuscflo1lemonqueengarnonswilliams

Hemerocallis 'Chicago Royal Robe'

Plum-Purple

June, July, August, September

23 x 30
(57 x 75)

Strap-like, Dark Green

Strap-like, Dark Green

Strap-like, Dark Green

hemerocalliscflo1chicagoroyalrobegarnonswilliams

Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus

Light Yellow

June

32 x 40
(80 x 100)

Strap-like, bright Green

Strap-like, bright Green

Strap-like, bright Green

Semi- Evergreen Perennial

Inula magnifica

Yellow

August, September

72 x 36
(180 x 90)

Mid Green

Mid Green

Mid Green

inulacflo1magnificagarnonswilliams

Inula racemosa

Yellow

August, September

72 x 60
(180 x 150)

Pale Green

Pale Green

Pale Green

inulacfloracemosakavanagh

Iris pallida
'Argentea Variegata
'

Light Blue-Purple

May, June

23 x 18
(57 x 45)

Sword-like leaves, with silvery-white and grey-green stripes running lengthwise

iriscflopallidaargenteavariegatagarnonswilliams

Kalimeris incisa 'Charlotte'

Mauve

June, July, August, September

32 x 24
(80 x 60)

Toothed, Dark Green

Toothed, Dark Green

Toothed, Dark Green

kalimeriscflo1incisacharlottegarnonswilliams

Kniphofia 'Buttercup'

Yellow

June, July, August

40 x 20
(100 x 50)

Grass-like Mid Green

Grass-like Mid Green

Grass-like Mid Green

kniphofiacflobuttercupgarnonswilliams

Kniphofia uvaria 'Nobilis'

Orange-red fades to yellow
Plants in front grew higher than this plant, so could not photo flowers of this plant

August, September

120 x 48
(300 x 120)

Narrow, arching, Dark Green

Narrow, arching, Dark Green

Narrow, arching, Dark Green

 

Kniphofia
'Percy's Pride
'

Green and Yellow
Plants in front grew higher than this plant, so could not photo flowers of this plant

June, July, August, September

48 x 32
(120 x 80)

Grass-like mid-Green

Grass-like mid-Green

Grass-like mid-Green

 

Kniphofia
'Samuel's Sensation
'

Scarlet flowers becoming tinged with yellow as they age
Plants in front grew higher than this plant, so could not photo flowers of this plant

July, August, September

40 x 30
(100 x 75)

Bluish-Green

Bluish-Green

Bluish-Green

 

Kniphofia
'Toffee Nosed
'

Cream tipped with Orange-Brown
If it flowered after 21 August, I missed taking their photos

June, July, August

36 x 24
(90 x 60)

Narrow Bluish-Green

Narrow Bluish-Green

Narrow Bluish-Green

 

Leucanthemella serotina

White
Plants in front grew higher than this plant, so could not photo flowers of this plant

August, September, October, November

60 x 40
(150 x 100)

Oblong, Dark Green

Oblong, Dark Green

Oblong, Dark Green

 

Ligularia 'Britt-Marie Crawford'

Golden-Orange

July, August

36 x 36
(90 x 90)

Dark, Chocolate colour with Burgundy undersides

Dark, Chocolate colour with Burgundy undersides

Dark, Chocolate colour with Burgundy undersides

ligulariacflobrittmariecrawfordgarnonswilliams

Ligularia
'The Rocket'

Yellow

June, July, August

48 x 48
(120 x 120)

Light Green

Light Green

Light Green

ligulariacflotherocketkavanagh

Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'

White

June, July, August, September

30 x 18
(75 x 45)

Wooly, hairy, Grey

Wooly, hairy, Grey

Wooly, hairy, Grey

lychniscflo1coronariaalbakavanagh

Lychnis coronaria 'Gardener's World' (Blych)

Rose-Red

June, July, August

24 x 10-12
(61 x 25-30)

Silver

Silver

Silver

lychniscflo1coronariagardenersworldgarnonswilliams

Lythrum salicaria 'Blush'

Light Pink

June, July, August, September

40 x 24
(100 x 60)

Mid Green

Mid Green

Mid Green

lythrumcflosalicariablushkavanagh

Lythrum salicaria 'Feuerkerze'

Rose-Red

July, August, September

60 x 20
(150 x 50)

Narrow, lance-shaped, Mid Green

Narrow, lance-shaped, Mid Green

Narrow, lance-shaped, Mid Green

lythrumcflosalicariafeuerkerzegarnonswilliams

Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Purple'

Purple-Red

June, July, August

36 x 18
(90 x 45)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

lythrumcflo1virgatumdropmorepurplegarnonswilliams

From The Road to Canterbury - Tales from Chaucer retold by Ian Serraillier:-

In Search of Death

The Pardoner's Tale

In Flanders there was once a company of young people who spent their time in every kind of folly, rioting, gambling, dancing and dicing day and night, eating and drinking to excess, and swearing grisly oaths.

Early one morning, three of these gamblers, who had sat up drinking at an inn all night, heard the clink of a bell outside. It was ringing a coffin to the grave.

"Whose corpse is this?" said one of them. And he called to his boy to go and find out.

'No need, sir,' said the boy. 'I was told who it was two hours before you came here. It was an old friend of yours. He died suddenly during the night. He was sitting upright on his bench, very drunk, when along came a sneaking thief called Death and drove a spear through his heart. He's killing everybody in the district. It's the plague - there have been a thousand deaths already. We may all have to face him, so my mother tells me. And that goes for you too, sir. You'd better look out.'

'Holy Mary'!' cried the innkeeper. 'The boy's quite right. A mile away from here, in the village, Death has this year killed off man, woman, child, labourer and page - everyone. I think he must live there. So be careful!'

'What!' said the gambler. 'Is Death so dangerous to meet? By God's saced bones, I'll go after him. I'll search for him in the streets. Listen, lads, we three are one. Let's swear everlasting brotherhood, and we'll kill this false traitor Death.'

The three of them swore solemnly to live and die for one another, as though they were true brothers. And they lurched off towards the village the innkeeper had spoken of, swaring with many a grisly oath that Death should die.

They had not gone half a mile when, just as they were about to cross a stile, they met a very old man.

'God bless you, gentlemen!' sain the old man courteously.

'Get out of the way, you fool,' said the most arrogant of the three gamblers. 'Why are you so muffled up? And how have you managed to live so ridiculously long?'

The old man looked him straight in the face. 'Sir,' he said, 'even if I were to walk as far as India, I would never in town or village find anyone willing to exchange his youth for my years. So I must keep my age for as long as God requires. Not even Death will take my life. So I walk about like a restless prisoner all day long, knocking with my stick on the earth, my mother's door, saying, "Dear mother, let me in. See how I'm shrivelling up, flesh and blood and skin. Oh, when will my bones be at rest? Mother, I would gladly exchange all my wardrobe of clothes for a winding sheet to wrap me in my coffin." But she will not listen, and that's why my face is so pale and shrunken. But sirs, you should not speak so insultingly to an old man who has done you no harm. You may live to be as old yourselves. God bless you, wherever you go. I must go too - I have business to do.'

'Not yet, you old fool,' said the gambler. 'Stay where you are.You spoke just now of that traitor Death who's killing all our friends. I believe you're his spy. You're in league with him to kill us young people. Tell me where he is or, by God, you shall pay for it!'

'Well, sirs, if you're so keen to find Death, turn up this twisting path. I left him there under a tree, and he'll be there still. He won't run away, for all your ranting. Do you see that oak? You'll find hime there. And may God, who saved mankind, save you too!'

The three gamblers ran to the tree, and there they found not a man but a pile of fine gold florins, about seven bushels. They were so delighted with the gold that they gave up their search for Death and sat down beside the precious hoard. The worst of the three was the first to speak.

'Listen, brothers,' he said, 'I've got sense in my head, though I do like to fool around. Fortune has given us this treasure to enjoy for the rest of our lives. Who would have thought that we'd have such good luck? All this gold is ours, of course. If it could be taken home to my house - or to yurs, if you like - that would be fine. But obviously that can't be done in the daytime. People would say we were thieves and have us hanged for stealing our own treasure. It must be done by night. I suggest we draw lots. Whoever draws the shortest straw shall run to the town and bring us bread and wine, while the other two stay and guard the treasure. When night comes, we'll take it to whatever place we decide on.'

So they drew lots. And the shortest straw fell to the youngest, who at once set off for the town.

As soon as he'd gone, one gambler said to the other, 'You're my sworn brother, as you know. Our friend has gone, and here's all this gold to be divided between the three of us. But if I could fix things so that it could be shared between us two, wouldn't I be doing you a good turn?'

'You'd never get away with it. He knows that the gold is here with us. What shall we say to him? What shall we do?'

'I'll tell you. We are two, and two are stronger than one. Well, when he's sitting down, get up as if you wanted to have a bit of sport with him. While you're pretending to wrestle, I'll plunge my dagger into his side, and so must you. Then, my dear friend, all this gold can be divided between the two of us. And we can gamble away to our heart's content.'

So they agreed to kill him.

Meanwhile the youngest gambler, who was on his way to the town, kept rolling up and down in his heart the beauty of those bright new florins. 'Oh Lord,' he said, 'if only I could have all this treasure for myself alone, no man under the sun would live as happily as I.'

In the end our enemy, the devil, gave him the idea of buying poison to kill his two friends. So he found a chemist in the town and askd him for some poison. He said it was to get rid of rats - also a polecat that was after his chickens.

'I'll give you some,' said the chemist, ' which is so strong that it will kill any creature that eats no more than a grain. Before you have time to walk a mile, it will be dead.'

The wretch took the box of poison in his hand and ran into the next street. Here he borrowed three bottles. Into two of them he pored the poison, but the third he kept clean for his own use, for he intended to spend the night carrying off the gold. Then he filled his three bottles with wine and returned to his friends.

Well, there's no need to make a long story of it. His two friends killed him right away, as they had planned.

'Now let's sit down and drink and enjoy ourselves,' said the one to the other. 'We'll bury his body later.'

He picked up a bottle - it happened to be one with poison in - and drank from it and passed it to the other. And so they both died.

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