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Useful Data G
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Useful Data I
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Useful Data L
Useful Data M
Useful Data N
Useful Data O
Useful Data P
Useful Data Q
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Ivydene Gardens Useful Data: S





Spade, fork, rake, hoe, edging iron set,

Lopper, Hedge shear, sharpener, pruner set and

Trowel, hand fork and kneeler.

Carbon steel long handled soil rake, Dutch hoe, edging iron, digging fork and digging spade for £25.
Lopper, hedge shear, blade sharpener and bypass pruner for £35.
Trowel, Hand fork and Garden Plastic Kneeler for £23.
This gives you a reasonable set of gardening tools.

Sewage treatment in own garden using a sewage treatment plant below ground level. Then use treated water in your garden.

Install your own domestic waste water treatment plant underground or upgrade your own septic tank/cesspit. Treated water can then be used to water the garden.

Soil Pick

The Soil Pick is a selective soil excavator. Selective in the sense that it fractures, pulverizes and displaces porous and semi-porous soils at a high rate of speed, yet leaves non-porous objects unaffected. The Soil Pick excavates soil without risk of damaging buried utilities. The Soil Pick employs converging/diverging nozzle technology to accelerate compressed air to supersonic speed ( to 1500 mph). The high velocity air stream travels approximately 4 inches from the distal end of the Soil Pick - "the cutting edge" - before decompressing to atmospheric pressure with sufficient violence to pulverize and displace soil.

The Soil Pick weighs 6.5 lbs., has zero hand/arm vibration, and can be used for extended periods without fatigue.

This could be used to excavate soil away from tree/hedge roots without cutting through the roots. This would be useful for erecting a rabbit fence against an existing hedge.













useredadmiralfemalerest1Female Red Admiral Butterfly

Sewage treatment in own garden using a sewage treatment plant above ground level. Then use treated water in your garden.

There are three common types of holding or wastewater treatment system in use:-

Cesspits or Cesspools
Do not provide any treatment at all, they are simply a holding tank which must be emptied by tanker on a regular basis.
Septic tanks
Provide minimum treatment and must now discharge to a soakaway only. These are generally only used for smaller domestic developments and are nowadays less acceptable to the planners.
Biological treatment plants ie Biodigesters ( which operate above ground)
Provide a much higher level of treatment than septic tanks and may discharge to a water course, provided a Consent to Discharge is in place. Modern packaged plants are the officially preferred option at present.

Soil Reinforcement on steep slopes

Terram Ltd provide geotextile material to provide reinforcement for ground on a steep slope to prevent the soil from slipping downwards. They also can provide material to construct safe walkways up/down and across it as well as safe areas for maintenance of plants on that slope.

Terram Ltd
United Kingdom
May 2000

Soil stabilisation on steep slopes to allow plants to establish themselves.

MultiMat 30/ 100 erosion control

Tenax MultiMat is designed to prevent wash out and soil erosion on slopes and embankments, to aid the establisment of grass and plant roots. Weather conditions, such as heavy rain, can result in significant loss of soil and formation of moderately deep furrows. All of this occurs due to the barrenness and fragility of the vegetation during its initial phase of growth because the root systems have not had sufficient time to become established. 

MultiMat 30 & 100 erosion control geomats are three-dimensional structures, manufactured from three polypropylene meshes that have been extruded and subsequently oriented. The products have a hign tensile strength and low unit weight which makes the goemats ideally suited for installing on steep and long slopes.

To install simply roll out MultiMat onto the slope, fixing in place with staples and covering with topsoil. Grass growth can then be established either by hand seeding or hydro-seeding. Once installed the three-dimensional structures of the geomats protect the layer of topsoil and anchors the roots of the vegetation to the soil matrix, thus helping to minimise both the effect of rain impact and soil migration due to surface run off.

Self Watering Pots with their water reservoir provide garden space on your window cill and garden boundary walls

Self Watering Window Boxes

To soften the fascia of cold concrete or the hardbrick look of multi storey buildings, so that you can grow herbs or annuals in your 770mm length
360mm wide 200mm deep window box.

Self Watering Growbag Containers and Barrier Baskets

Providing a unit incorporating a water reservoir into which a grow-bag can be housed to ensure full term growth and to provide a cascade of colour throughout the season. Ideal on balustrades, balconies and boundary walls.

As of 17 February 2013 for you to see what the products are from Amberol, you must download their catalogue, so I do not know if this item is still in the range.

Self Watering pots with their water reservoir can be mounted onto metal frames to provide a gardening area for wheelchair users or for the infirm

Amberol Self Watering Precinct Planters and Pagoda Planters with heights from 600mm to 3700mm and the Self Watering Growbag Containers can be mounted onto metal frames created by you, so that your wheelchair can fit under it and you would have access to 21" depth of your garden whilst sitting in your wheelchair. The same system could be used if it is difficult for you to bend over or kneel down to your garden.

As of 17 February 2013 for you to see what the products are from Amberol, you must download their catalogue, so I do not know if this item is still in the range.

Skin shielding lotion helps reduce the natural oil and moisture loss when you are gardening

One of the functions of the outer layer of skin is to act as a one way barrier, preventing irritants from coming in but still allowing it to breathe. Shielding lotions restore the natural balance of the skin by helping prevent moisture robbing irritants from entering the skin while also reducing moisture loss but they do not prevent the skin from breathing. They often improve breathing because they help keep the skin pores free of outside irritants that are often too complex to be eliminated naturally.

Because Gloves In A Bottle shielding lotion becomes part of the outer layer of skin itself, it doesn't wash off like conventional lotions. It comes off naturally with exfoliating skin cells. For continued protection, just reapply every 4 to 12 hours.

Skid-resistant surface for vehicle and pedestrian areas.

Watco Grip-Master is available in two grades:-
Vehicle Grade and Pedestrian Grade. Both offer a safer, highly visible, anti-skid surface.

Easily applied as one ‘high build’ coat
Solvent free formulation
Ideal on concrete, tarmac, asphalt, wood and flat steel
A heavy duty epoxy resin binder is applied to the substrate and the aggregate is broadcast by hand.
The Vehicle Grade aggregate is 1mm to 3mm and the
Pedestrian Grade aggregate is 0.9mm to 1.3mm.

Slugs - Natural Pest Control

Slugs are one of the most common and destructive pests in British gardens. Damage is widespread across many plant species and can be extensive due to the slug's ability to feed all year round providing temperatures are over 5°C. Many slugs live underground and this is where the nematode Phasmarhabditis hermaphrodita targets them. The nematodes are watered into the soil and seek out the slugs, killing them within 3 days. The best time to apply these nematodes is between March and October and are most effective in wet weather.
One treatment gives control for up to six weeks and is harmless to children, pets and wildlife. Natural pest control products offer a safe and effective way of controlling pests for both edible and ornamental crops, without the use of toxic chemicals, making them ideal for the organic gardener. Treatments are suitable for use in both greenhouses and outdoors dependent on the pest and take the form of natural predators, parasites, bacteria or parasitic worms called nematodes, all of which occur naturally and are specific to the pests they are targeted against. Full instructions supplied with each treatment.

Seed Sowing Guide book

THE ESSENTIAL guide for gardeners on raising plants from seed. The great majority of flower and vegetable seeds will emerge from their big sleep quite readily if a few common sense guidelines are followed, and that's the purpose of The Seed Sowing Guide. It has been compiled by Thompson & Morgan's Horticultural Experts. The hope is that, with the help offered in this guide, the pleasure you get from sowing seeds will be both widened and enhanced.

Seed Trays

Top quality seed trays, ideal for sowing seeds, rooting cuttings or for transplanting seedlings into.

Full Size Trays: 36.5cm x 22cm x 5.5cm
Half Size Trays: 22.5cm x 16.5cm x 5.5cm

Self Watering Propagators

A complete growing system for rapid germination, ideal for raising seeds or cuttings. Easy to use, supplied with a plastic propagation lid and easy to follow instructions.

Swell Gel

Reduce the risk of baskets, containers and Flower Pouches™ drying out in the summer by adding some water retaining 'Swell Gel@ to the compost, as it will help to retain moisture and reduce the time you spend watering.

Spud Tub. If you only use containers, then you can grow your vegetables in these tubs on your concrete garden/patio/courtyard

Part fill with compost and plant 3 potatoes in the 'Spud Tub', then gradually fill with compost as the potato grows. Simply unclip sides when you are ready to harvest. At the end of the season, roll up the 'Spud Tub' or store flat. Can also be used to plant other vegetables on the patio.

Made of polypropylene and easy to assemble.

Each tub holds approximately 42 litres of compost.

Seaweed soil improver

Seanure Soilbuilder cares for the Environment and:-

1. Controls erosion
2. Reclaims "brown" development sites
3. Conserves the use of water
4. Reduces the need for nitrogen fertilisers
5. Improves poor soils and has the added benefit of aggregating sand and defocculating clay
6. Improves the survival rate of newly planted trees & shrubs

Seanure Soilbuilder is used for amenity landscaping and maintenance.

Seanure Root Dip is specified for the planting of bare-rooted trees and shrubs.

Terrabind is used for stabilising soil and hydraulic seeding.

Topsoil for different applications

John Bourne & Co Ltd classify their topsoils and applications:-

  • TS1 - 5 Sandy Loam screened through to 5mm
    for Top Dressing Lawns Application.
  • TS2 Natural Soil, general landscaping grade screened to 20mm
    for Vegetable Gardens, Flower Beds and General Landscaping Applications.
  • TS2A Sandy Loam, unscreened, suitable
    for levelling Under Turf Application.
  • TS3 Economy Soil procured from various sites, may contain some stones
    for Vegetable Gardens, Flower Beds, Road Verges and Filling Holes Applications.
  • TS4 Recycled Soil screened to 10mm. Sourced from waste recycling operations workable and cheap,
    for Under Turf and Road Verge Applications.
  • TS5 As-dug Soil, straight off a green field site
    for Filling Holes Application.
  • TS6 Sandy Blend soil being a manufactured mix of green compost and quarry overburden/sand screened to 10mm. or Virgin Blend as above with a more loamy soil to 20mm
    for General Landscaping and Under Turf Applications.
  • TS7 Ericaceous Soil, with a low pH for acid loving plants
    for Vegetable Gardens, Flower Beds and General Landscaping.
  • A fine clay loam soil is used to build and maintain Grass Tennis Courts where consistent ball bounce is required.
  • Heicom Tree Sand is a mix of washed, semi-rounded silica sand and organics blended to a formula developed following research at Dutch Universities. When lightly compacted, it is strong enough to prevent subsidence, and yet contains sufficient pore space and nutrition to allow the root system to benefit from the free flow of oxygen and moisture. Its placement around and below the rootball has greatly enhanced the success rate of semi-mature trees.

Screens in Planters for hard standing areas

Instant safety and privacy for the perimeter area


Wooden planter boxes from fully licensed suppliers

10 year guarantee

Very low maintenance



Useful Data - Subject Link Index

From April 2016, all dogs in the UK will need to be microchipped by law. Anyone who doesn't have their dog microchipped by April 6th will have 21 days to comply or may face a penalty fine of up to £500.


Adonis Blue Egg


Adonis Blue Egg on a leaf

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


If the very rare Dulally Bird should find a broken link to its crumb of knowledge, please click


I have finally managed to find how to care for this Dulally Bird from

"The Care and Feeding of Stuffed Animals" by Glen Knape, as mentioned in the book "How to Avoid Huge Ships and Other Implausibly Titled Books" by Joel Rickett.

The Bookseller/Diagram Prize for Oddest Title of the Year, originally known as the Diagram Group Prize for the Oddest Title at the Frankfurt Book Fair, commonly known as the Diagram Prize for short, is a humorous literary award that is given annually to the book with the oddest title. The prize is named after the Diagram Group, an information and graphics company based in London, and The Bookseller, a British trade magazine for the publishing industry.


Site design and content copyright ©January 2007. Page structure amended September 2012. Links to anchors rather than pages May 2013. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

All links in Useful Data inserted between January 2007 and February 2013 have been verified in February 2013.

The Bulwer-Lytton Fiction Contest (BLFC) is a tongue-in-cheek contest held annually and is sponsored by the English Department of San Jose State University in San Jose, California. Entrants are invited "to compose the opening sentence to the worst of all possible novels" – that is, deliberately bad.
The contest was started in 1982 by Professor Scott E. Rice of the English Department at San Jose State University and is named for English novelist and playwright Edward George Bulwer-Lytton, author of the much-quoted first line "It was a dark and stormy night". This opening, from the 1830 novel Paul Clifford, continues floridly:

It was a dark and stormy night; the rain fell in torrents, except at occasional intervals, when it was checked by a violent gust of wind which swept up the streets (for it is in London that our scene lies), rattling along the housetops, and fiercely agitating the scanty flame of the lamps that struggled against the darkness.

The first year of the competition attracted just three entries, but it went public the next year, received media attention, and attracted 10,000 entries.

There are now several subcategories, such as detective fiction, romance novels, Western novels, and purple prose. Sentences that are notable but not quite bad enough to merit the Grand Prize or a category prize are awarded Dishonorable Mentions.



Explanation of Structure of this Website with User Guidelines Page for those photo galleries with Photos
(of either ones I have taken myself or others which have been loaned only for use on this website from external sources)


Choose 1 of these different Plant selection Methods:-


1. Choose a plant from 1 of 53 flower colours in the Colour Wheel Gallery.


2. Choose a plant from 1 of 12 flower colours in each month of the year from 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery.


3. Choose a plant from 1 of 6 flower colours per month for each type of plant:-

Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Herbaceous Perennial
Odds and Sods
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Wild Flower


4. Choose a plant from its Flower Shape:-

Shape, Form

Flower Shape


5. Choose a plant from its foliage:-



6. There are 6 Plant Selection Levels including Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers in
Plants Topic.




7. when I do not have my own or ones from mail-order nursery photos , then from March 2016, if you want to start from the uppermost design levels through to your choice of cultivated and wildflower plants to change your Plant Selection Process then use the following galleries:-

  • Create and input all plants known by Amateur Gardening inserted into their Sanders' Encyclopaedia from their edition published in 1960 (originally published by them in 1895) into these
    • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery,
    • Stage 2 - Infill Plants Index Gallery being the only gallery from these 7 with photos (from Wikimedia Commons) ,
    • Stage 3 - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2
    • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery,
    • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery with
    • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery and
    • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery
    • Unfortunately, if you want to have 100's of choices on selection of plants from 1000's of 1200 pixels wide by up to 16,300 pixels in length webpages, which you can jump to from almost any of the pages in these 7 galleries above, you have to put up with those links to those choices being on
      • the left topic menu table,
      • the header of the middle data table and on
      • the page/index menu table on the right of every page of those galleries.

There are other pages on Plants which bloom in each month of the year in this website:-




This is how to keep your groceries from falling over when they are in plastic handle bags:-


Case Studies

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants Garden Maintenance
Offbeat Glossary
...Poisonous Plants
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data *


Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens
A 1, Photos
B 1, Photos
C 1, Photos
D 1, Photos
E 1, Photos
F 1, Photos
G 1, Photos
H 1, Photos
I 1, Photos
J 1, Photos
K 1, Photos
L 1, Photos
M 1, Photos
N 1, Photos
O 1, Photos
P 1, Photos
Q 1, Photos
R 1, Photos
S 1, Photos
T 1, Photos
U 1, Photos
V 1, Photos
W 1, Photos
X 1 Photos
Y 1, Photos
Z 1 Photos
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens
Flower Shape and Plant Use of
Evergreen Perennial
Herbaceous Perennial

Bedding Flower Shape

...Allium/ Anemone
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr
Herbaceous Perennial
...P -Herbaceous
...RHS Wisley
...Flower Shape
Odds and Sods
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit


Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note
Wildflower Plants


Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form

you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12
with its
Explanation of
Structure of this Website with

...User Guidelines
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos

these Foliage Colour Wheels structures, which I have done but until I can take the photos and I am certain of the plant label's validity, these may not progress much further
All Foliage 212

All Spring Foliage 212
All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index


Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-


(o)Adder's Tongue
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels


(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3 (o)Hazel
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)


(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Rannock Rush
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses


(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Water Fern
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort


It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-


Closed Bud


Opening Bud


Juvenile Flower


Older Juvenile Flower


Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."


Mature Flower


Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower


Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!