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Ivydene Gardens Useful Data: P





Paving - Stone

I have used CED from West Thurrock for the last 2 years. Bush hammering or flame texturing granite can make stone paving less slippery. It works out that the cost is only 30% more than for Marshalls Saxon paving for the same area of paving material in 2007. I would recommend the silver grey bush hammered granite at 1" thick for paths or patios, 2" thick for driveways.


Paving Spacers

Gapfast paving spacers provide a quick and easy method of installing all paving flags with consistently accurate 10mm joints and to increase structural integrity. Totally invisible when covered with pointing. Made in the UK.

Cross paving spacers are suitable for checkerboard (stacked) laying patterns.

Tee paving spacers are suitable for staggered (offset) laying patterns.


Paving Jointing Compound

Geofix Paving Jointing Compound is a ready to use cement-free pointing mortar - simply brush into paving joints. Water permeable but will not crack or wash out. Resists weeds and unaffected by frost.



Have used Designer Plants section of Coblands for all the plants that I have planted in the last 10 years till 2001.

Suggest that your trees/shrubs/perennials are planted in October, November, December to allow the roots to grow in the winter. These roots would then be able to provide the nourishment for the foliage during the following growing season. Above 5 degrees centigrade, plants mainly grow above ground level; below it plants grow their roots; in England.

Bedding plants should be bought and inserted at the beginning of show period (For Summer bedding, plant out in late May after last frost).

Summer/Autumn bulbs should be planted by March and Winter/Spring in August to October.

Produce planting list as early in the year as possible for their perusal. If the plants are available in the summer, but cannot be guaranteed for the required date in the autumn when you will collect or they deliver, then buy them now and heel them in your nursery bed to make sure that you get the plants required. Once they have sold them, they have to wait until either they grow replacements or they source them from other nurseries.

Rotovate your ground, then apply 4" of cow manure or spent mushroom compost before rotovating that in. Leave for 2 weeks. Now complete your hard landscaping of paths, patios, drives, fencing, ponds etc.

For a low maintenance bed without bulbs or rhizomes, then plant the trees, shrubs, and finally groundcover plants through plantex geotextile. Then, install leaky-pipe irrigation system on top before laying a 1" thick layer of 1" pea-shingle as a mulch (1/2" pea-shingle will attach to the soles of your shoes if they are muddy, but 1" shingle is too heavy to stick). Finally water well.

If bulbs or rhizomes are to be planted in the bed, then plant trees, shrubs, groundcover and finally the bulbs in March or August. Install leaky-pipe irrigation system on top of the ground, before laying 3-4" thick layer of spent mushroom compost as a mulch. Finally water well.

20 minutes of irrigation using leaky-pipe a week should be sufficient.

Finally lay your lawn or put grass seed on it.

Plantex can be obtained from Travis Perkins.


Leaky-pipe can be obtained from

Leaky Pipe Systems Ltd, Frith Farm, Dean Street, Maidstone, Kent. ME15 0PR

Tel: 01622 746495


















Peacock Butterfly

Pond creation

Paul Dyer in America has produced a CD, that shows you how to create a water garden using Butyl EDPM with Rock and plants. It can be used by anyone to produce a very good natural looking pond/stream/waterfall etc.

CD can be ordered from internetgardens

Pond liner

Geosynthetic Technology can provide prefabricated liner panels (from 20 square metres to 1000 square metres in area), for the Client's own installation. The liner is covered with a 20 year guarantee. it can also be installed by Geosynthetic, or a Landscape contractor.


Plantex Liner - Pond Liner

DuPont™ Plantex® Liner, exceptionally robust yet lightweight and flexible pond liner,  is made from Plantex® non-woven material with a polymer coating.

Its unique double-coated structure offers high resistance to penetration or damage by roots. Thanks to its high tensile strength and puncture resistance, Plantex® Liner remains homogenous through its entire lifetime.

Plantex® Liner is chemically inert and does not leach, biodegrade or rot in the aquatic flora. It is very resistant to attacks by acid and base solutions.

If installed properly Plantex® Liner lasts up to 25 years. It is readily recyclable.

Where to buy this product

Paint for external render, which keeps clean

StoLotusan Color mimics a water-repellent process discovered in the leaves of the lotus plant and developed into a scientific breakthrough – the world’s first facade paint with the lotus effect.

Extreme water repellence and a unique surface microstructure means that dirt runs off in the rain.
A uniquely advanced high-performance paint technology that results in facades staying beautifully clean and dry for longer.
Produces low-maintenance surfaces that stay looking good.

Paint for external render for maritime areas

Keim Royalan is a mineral silicate paint system. It is ideally suited for specification in severe exposure locations such as marine environments or those subject to continual pollutants and contaminants such as road tunnels and bridges. In addition, because the binder in the paint is a form of glass (liquid potassium silicate), it forms a chemical and adhesive bond with ceramic substrates, making it suitable for the overcoating of ceramic tile facades both externally and internally.

Planter pockets

FLP Planter Pockets with handles are to:

Plant and lift specialty bulbs and corms
Restrict invasive plants
Provide a micro environment of a particular soil type

In the pond, FLP Planter Pockets can be used to:

Plant lilies
Contain waters- edge plants such as Irises
Retain decorative stones and other media

Flexible Lining Products

Potato Barrel

The easy way to grow potatoes if you have limited space in your garden. Stand the barrel on the patio, in your greenhouse or conservatory, or in the garden. Made from durable polypropylene with lift up sides for ease of harvesting your crops of delicious potatoes. Simply fill with multi-purpose compost (will require 80 litres throughout the growing season), plant your 4-5 tubers and keep fed and watered.
Dimensions: 60cm (2 ft.) x 43 cm (17in.)
Flat packed for home assembly.
Full manufacturer assembly and cultural instructions supplied.
Please note: We suggest only First Early varieties are grown in your Barrel. who now sell potato bags instead of barrels


Makes sowing of fine seeds easy. The Pro-Seeder can be used to sow seeds of all shapes and sizes, simply choose the correct colour coded needle, empty the seed into the storage cap provided, squeeze the bulb, pick up the seed and transfer it to the soil. The Pro-Seeder stops seed wastage and time consuming thinning out, as you are now using the same sowing technique as commercial nurseries. The Pro-Seeder is ideal for sowing begonia, primula and tomato seed, as well as many other flower and vegetable seeds, making it a great gift for any keen gardener.

Plastic Post, Fence Panel and Gravel Board

All Liniar products are manufactured in the UK from 88% recycled materials, and they have extensive experience in the PVCu fencing market. The fences are maintenance free and the PVCu system does not rot or rust – making it extremely durable.

Liniar fencing systems are available in a choice of colours – a unique concept in the marketplace. The coloured fencing can be combined with their PVCu decking products to create your own co-ordinated customized design, and bring a touch of colour to your garden space.


The Liniar range of fencing products have a number of key benefits over traditional timber or concrete systems:

  • Lightweight
  • Maintenance free
  • No specialist installation equipment required
  • Does not rot or rust
  • Environmentally friendly, manufactured from post industrial recycled products
  • Does not crack, break or corrode
  • Strong enough to withstand storm force winds
  • No risk of splinters
  • 100% weatherproof
  • Durable
  • Easy to install


Permeable Concrete Paving to keep your rainwater in your garden

ReadyFlow is a 80mm thick concrete block permeable paving (CBPP) system that allows water to drain through voids filled with granular material. Barbican ReadyFlow, Chelsea ReadyFlow and Ready-Ecoflow can also be used to drain the water into the subgrade. It is ideal for use in sustainable urban drainage systems (SUDS).


"Interpave’s new, dedicated domestic website offers inspiration and guidance on the paving which is essential to creating and enjoying a beautiful garden. It covers all the issues you need to consider when choosing and designing paving, as well as help finding manufacturers and installers, and guidance for DIY enthusiasts.
But it also helps homeowners - as well as planners, surveyors, conveyancing lawyers, designers and landscapers - to understand new paving rules designed to help in the fight against flooding and pollution. Failing to meet these new rules could result in action by your local authority or make selling your home more difficult."










Plug Plants

Kernock Park Plants are a plant propagator and wholesale supplier of young plants. 

We have over 1100 varieties of ornamental plants on catalogue, our plants are sold as 3.5cm to 5cm rooted plugs in units of between 50 and 100 plants.

The product range spans summer patio flowering and foliage plants, herbs, alpines, hardy and herbaceous perennials as well as specialist products such as grasses , hardy patio, carpet bedding, and Scented ornamentals, or Scentsations® as we call them.

These can be potted on in your greenhouse, before putting in your coldframe and then into your garden.

Kernock Park Plants

Post Hole Digger

Roughneck Post Hole Digger is For fast removal of soil. Fibreglass handles with knuckle protectors. Large capacity digging bucket.

If digging in clay, then start hole and put 3 inches of water in it. Continue to take out the clay using the Post Hole Digger and topping up the water to the 3" level. If you do not use the water; it can take a much longer time than 15 minutes to excavate a 30 inch (75 cms) deep hole for a post. If you encounter a flint stone that you cannot lift out with the water and clay round it, then use a Roughneck Digging Bar to break that flint apart.


Pry Bar to remove stones from ground

Pry Bar Set of Heavy duty pry bars 190, 280, 430 and 600mm plus a 400mm rolling bar. Drop forged, fully hardened and heat treated.

When removing a tree or shrub and its roots from the ground, I suggest you cut off all the branches and leave a stump of about 6 feet (180 cms) high. Dig a trench with a spade round the base of the tree/shrub. Attach a rope to the top and pull to find out where the roots are. Cut those roots with a Silky saw, loppers, secateurs, cold chisel and club hammer or axe. Excavate the soil using your hands which have gloves on or a trowel. When encountering stones, use the pry bars to lever them out. Then try pulling on the rope again to see if that leverage is sufficient to start pulling the plant out.

The Roughneck "L" Shape Bar (Hardened and tempered, drop forged alloy steel. Wide claw ends. Integral nail lifter. L end can be struck with a hammer. Ideal for opening crates, lifting floorboards and removing architectural mouldings and panels.) can also be used in removing the stones and loosening the compacted soil.



Useful Data - Subject Link Index

From April 2016, all dogs in the UK will need to be microchipped by law. Anyone who doesn't have their dog microchipped by April 6th will have 21 days to comply or may face a penalty fine of up to £500.


Adonis Blue Egg


Adonis Blue Egg on a leaf

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


If the very rare Dulally Bird should find a broken link to its crumb of knowledge, please click


I have finally managed to find how to care for this Dulally Bird from

"The Care and Feeding of Stuffed Animals" by Glen Knape, as mentioned in the book "How to Avoid Huge Ships and Other Implausibly Titled Books" by Joel Rickett.

The Bookseller/Diagram Prize for Oddest Title of the Year, originally known as the Diagram Group Prize for the Oddest Title at the Frankfurt Book Fair, commonly known as the Diagram Prize for short, is a humorous literary award that is given annually to the book with the oddest title. The prize is named after the Diagram Group, an information and graphics company based in London, and The Bookseller, a British trade magazine for the publishing industry.


Site design and content copyright ©January 2007. Page structure amended September 2012. Links to anchors rather than pages May 2013. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

All links in Useful Data inserted between January 2007 and February 2013 have been verified in February 2013.

The Bulwer-Lytton Fiction Contest (BLFC) is a tongue-in-cheek contest held annually and is sponsored by the English Department of San Jose State University in San Jose, California. Entrants are invited "to compose the opening sentence to the worst of all possible novels" – that is, deliberately bad.
The contest was started in 1982 by Professor Scott E. Rice of the English Department at San Jose State University and is named for English novelist and playwright Edward George Bulwer-Lytton, author of the much-quoted first line "It was a dark and stormy night". This opening, from the 1830 novel Paul Clifford, continues floridly:

It was a dark and stormy night; the rain fell in torrents, except at occasional intervals, when it was checked by a violent gust of wind which swept up the streets (for it is in London that our scene lies), rattling along the housetops, and fiercely agitating the scanty flame of the lamps that struggled against the darkness.

The first year of the competition attracted just three entries, but it went public the next year, received media attention, and attracted 10,000 entries.

There are now several subcategories, such as detective fiction, romance novels, Western novels, and purple prose. Sentences that are notable but not quite bad enough to merit the Grand Prize or a category prize are awarded Dishonorable Mentions.



Explanation of Structure of this Website with User Guidelines Page for those photo galleries with Photos
(of either ones I have taken myself or others which have been loaned only for use on this website from external sources)


Choose 1 of these different Plant selection Methods:-


1. Choose a plant from 1 of 53 flower colours in the Colour Wheel Gallery.


2. Choose a plant from 1 of 12 flower colours in each month of the year from 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery.


3. Choose a plant from 1 of 6 flower colours per month for each type of plant:-

Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Herbaceous Perennial
Odds and Sods
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Wild Flower


4. Choose a plant from its Flower Shape:-

Shape, Form

Flower Shape


5. Choose a plant from its foliage:-



6. There are 6 Plant Selection Levels including Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers in
Plants Topic.




7. when I do not have my own or ones from mail-order nursery photos , then from March 2016, if you want to start from the uppermost design levels through to your choice of cultivated and wildflower plants to change your Plant Selection Process then use the following galleries:-

  • Create and input all plants known by Amateur Gardening inserted into their Sanders' Encyclopaedia from their edition published in 1960 (originally published by them in 1895) into these
    • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery,
    • Stage 2 - Infill Plants Index Gallery being the only gallery from these 7 with photos (from Wikimedia Commons) ,
    • Stage 3 - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2
    • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery,
    • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery with
    • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery and
    • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery
    • Unfortunately, if you want to have 100's of choices on selection of plants from 1000's of 1200 pixels wide by up to 16,300 pixels in length webpages, which you can jump to from almost any of the pages in these 7 galleries above, you have to put up with those links to those choices being on
      • the left topic menu table,
      • the header of the middle data table and on
      • the page/index menu table on the right of every page of those galleries.

There are other pages on Plants which bloom in each month of the year in this website:-




This is how to keep your groceries from falling over when they are in plastic handle bags:-


Case Studies

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants Garden Maintenance
Offbeat Glossary
...Poisonous Plants
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data *


Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens
A 1, Photos
B 1, Photos
C 1, Photos
D 1, Photos
E 1, Photos
F 1, Photos
G 1, Photos
H 1, Photos
I 1, Photos
J 1, Photos
K 1, Photos
L 1, Photos
M 1, Photos
N 1, Photos
O 1, Photos
P 1, Photos
Q 1, Photos
R 1, Photos
S 1, Photos
T 1, Photos
U 1, Photos
V 1, Photos
W 1, Photos
X 1 Photos
Y 1, Photos
Z 1 Photos
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens
Flower Shape and Plant Use of
Evergreen Perennial
Herbaceous Perennial

Bedding Flower Shape

...Allium/ Anemone
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr
Herbaceous Perennial
...P -Herbaceous
...RHS Wisley
...Flower Shape
Odds and Sods
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit


Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note
Wildflower Plants


Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form

you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12
with its
Explanation of
Structure of this Website with

...User Guidelines
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos

these Foliage Colour Wheels structures, which I have done but until I can take the photos and I am certain of the plant label's validity, these may not progress much further
All Foliage 212

All Spring Foliage 212
All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index


Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-


(o)Adder's Tongue
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels


(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3 (o)Hazel
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)


(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Rannock Rush
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses


(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Water Fern
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort


It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-


Closed Bud


Opening Bud


Juvenile Flower


Older Juvenile Flower


Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."


Mature Flower


Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower


Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!