Topic
Case Studies
Companion Planting
Garden Construction

Garden Design *
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants

Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants
Soil
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
Bulb
Climber
Colour Wheel

 

Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index


Rock Plant Flowers 53
...Rock Plant Photos

Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging

Herbaceous Perennial
...P -Herbaceous
...RHS Wisley
...Flower Shape

Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable
Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

Ivydene Gardens Garden Design:
Detailed Design

Garden Design Pages

Introduction
Site Map
Before You Start
Designing for a Purpose
Questionnaire
Site Survey
The Design Itself
Broad Design
Low Maintenance Style
Cottage Garden Style
Wildlife Garden Style
Japanese Garden Style
Hard and Soft Landscaping
Detailed Design *
The Soil
Changing the Microclimate
Plant Selection
The Colour Wheel
Plant Quantities
Companion Planting
Bibliography and further Design Concepts

 

 

See Explanation of Structure of this Website with User Guidelines to aid your use of this website.

 

gardenwall poppy pictureIf the general shape of your design looks right, you can move to the detailed design. The hard landscaping, followed by the soft landscaping and ending with the sowing or laying of the lawns should be the order of construction of a garden. After all, you would hardly lay your carpet and put up the pictures before plastering the walls inside.

Hard Landscaping Details

Some of the hard landscaping links the house to different areas in the garden. Individual layers of your design should show each of the following, so that lengths, areas and volumes of material can be calculated and costed:—

  • Irrigation system (part of this can be laid under the paths and patios). (See Case 5 Terraced House Back Garden for Wildlife)
  • Drainage system (required for damp or swampy areas).
  • Paths, patios, steps
  • Walls and fences
  • Lawns (use a ‘mowing strip’ of concrete pavers between the lawn and beds to prevent the grass invading the bed. Use simple shape for lawn to make mowing easier)
  • Pond (See Case 8 Creation of Pond)
  • Pergola, trellis, arbour
  • Greenhouse
  • Shed
  • Electrical system (use Armalite cable for garden lighting)
  • Entrance drive (See Case 3 Drive Foundations in Clay)
  • Coal/wood store
  • Built-in barbecue
  • Sandpit or swings
  • Garage
  • Croquet lawn
  • Children’s playhouse
  • Tennis court
  • Conservatory

There is a huge choice of materials for most of these features, and they are likely to prove expensive. It is a completely false economy to cut down on the preparation and foundations, however tempting it might be. There are standard formulas and British Standards for calculating most needs, and they really will give a better long term result.

Soft Landscaping Details

This is the bit you will most likely want done first, because it is like choosing paint or carpets, rather more immediate than the foundations. Of course it is important to establish personal preferences, but the raw materials have the most influence over what is included. There is not much point in planting rhododendrons on pure chalk or tender plants in a frost hollow — they are just not suited to their environment, and you will be wasting time and money.

Case 4b Garden Plant Plan shows which plants were used in my soft landscaping design for each use required by the clients.

 

Previous Page....Next Page

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Example of Detailed Design for my New Garage

The new garage separates the vegetable garden from the back garden.

I dug the foundations for my new garage and put the topsoil in one section of the back garden, the concrete in a mound and the subsoil sand in 2 more of the back garden in 2000. The concrete foundations and floor were installed by bricklayers. A bricklayer built the walls, the door manufacturers installed the doors and I then installed the:-

joists,
ridgeplate and 72 rafters,
a skylight and side windows,
roofing felt, battens and kent peg clay tiles,
weatherboarded the outside walls and painted them, the windows and the doors,
electrical system of a circuit breaker board with lighting, power sockets and hot water system, plumbing system of toilet, basin, guttering, downpipes, drains to cesspit for the toilet with access manholes at each turn, drain for roof water to soakaway with access manholes at each turn of direction,
 

by myself.

I bought second-hand scaffolding and boards. I erected the scaffolding inside the garage to install the wallplates and the joists. I created the following scaffolding plan so that all of my scaffolding could be installed outside the garage walls, so that I could install the rafters from it .

 

 

 

gardendesigndetailed2a

 

 

 

 

I created the following plan to calculate the amount of ironmongery required for the installation of the joists:-

 

 

 

gardendesigndetailed3a

 

 

 

 

I created the following plan to calculate the timber and ironmongery required for the roof structure using the book "Site Carpentry and Joinery" from the Practical Projects section of my Library:-

 

 

 

gardendesigndetailed4a

 

 

 

 

The Common Rafters were each 38mm x 150mm and were installed as a pair and then bolted together because there was too much weight for handling one piece of timber of 76mm x 150mm x 5000mm for those going over the log area. Dragon Beams were installed at each of the corners to prevent the hip ridges from sliding off the walls. All the timber used was stored on scaffolding above ground level with every piece separated from another and it was exposed to the weather for up to 5 months, whilst I constructed the roof between doing days of work for my clients of Ivydene Horticultural Services. If the timber had been put together, then it could have warped, split and bent.

The drain pipe taking the rainwater from the entire roof was installed in a trench alongside the vegetable garden hedge, surrounded by pea-shingle which itself was enveloped by Plantex. The end of the pipe closest to the soakaway had a rightangle bend put on it facing up so that the water would have to fill the pipe before it could overflow into the soakaway. Slits were cut in that pipe alongside the hedge at the halfway height position to allow the water to drain out to water the hedge. The drain pipe was laid with a 1 in 40 slope to guarantee that water would flow down it.

 

 

 

Garage Roof Structure

View from Vegetable Garden Area

 

 

gardendesigndetailed5a

gardendesigndetailed6a

 

 

 

"U-Roof, founded in 2008, has developed a new method of roof construction using a u-shaped, cold-rolled, galvanized steel profile section which enables any structure to be fitted together in a fraction of the time of traditional timber frames and it's already being enthusiastically received by builders, self build enthusiasts and specifiers across a wide range of market sectors." as reported by DesignBuyBuild February e-Newsletter.

 

 

 

 

Other examples of my work are shown in the Case Studies.

rhododendronmacabeanumfor1a1

Rhododendron macabeanum

 

 

 

Site design and content copyright ©December 2006. Page structure amended October 2012. Garden Design Summary added to each page April 2017. Chris Garnons-Williams.
 

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

 

The 3 rows below provide a

Garden Design Work-flow Diagram

indicating which pages in this site help with each respective section:-

 

 

 

When you buy a house, you would not paint your toilet in a Gaugin Style with many colours without thinking that you wanted Magnolia paint colour in the rest of the house, because it would look out of place.

This design process hopefully persuades you to think as carefully about your use and enjoyment of the garden as you do about your lounge, kitchen and bedroom and prepare plans that will be acceptable to the whole family.

The most important design consideration is who and how long per week is maintenance on the garden going to be done. One hour-garden by Joanna Smith book helps in this part of the design process.

If you decide that you would like to redesign all or only a part of your garden

then ----->

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

otherwise

It might be useful to read the following pages in this Design Topic:

This page followed by these:-
Introduction

Before You Start
Designing for a Purpose
Questionnaire
Site Survey

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You may decide to simply add more plants to your existing beds

like plants to Rock Gardens using
Rock Plant Flowers 53
...Rock Plant Photos Galleries.

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V

Then, you can decide on the Garden Style that you wish to use in your garden, so these pages in this Design Topic may help:

The Design Itself
Broad Design
Low Maintenance Style
Cottage Garden Style
Wildlife Garden Style
Japanese Garden Style

Additional Garden Design Concepts have been written using the beds at Wisley to provide examples:-

Using the Mixed Border, Jubilee Rose Garden and Bowes-Lyon Rose Garden in the Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) Garden at Wisley for examples, I am still creating The Mixed Borders Garden Design Topic . The Mixed Borders Garden Design topic may help you in planning your garden, especially if you decide to show your garden to the public - i.e Make plant labels visible in your garden to aid your own plant sales.

RHS Mixed Borders

as well as from

Garden Style

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V

In choosing your style, there are other considerations to take into account like

If you suffer from hay fever, then bee-pollinated plants and very little grass would be useful

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|
V

 

 

 

Then, view these Garden Design Pages in this order or any order you want


Hard and Soft Landscaping
Detailed Design
The Soil
Changing the Microclimate
Plant Selection
The Colour Wheel
Plant Quantities
Companion Planting
Bibliography and further Design Concepts

before

choosing 1 of these different Plant selection Methods:-

 

1. Choose a plant from 1 of 53 flower colours in the Colour Wheel Gallery.

 

2. Choose a plant from 1 of 12 flower colours in each month of the year from 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery.

 

3. Choose a plant from 1 of 6 flower colours per month for each type of plant:-

Aquatic
Bedding
Bulb
Climber
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Wild Flower

 

4. Choose a plant from its Flower Shape:-

Shape, Form
Index

Flower Shape

 

5. Choose a plant from its foliage:-

Bamboo
Conifer
Fern
Grass
Vegetable

 

6. There are 6 Plant Selection Levels including Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers in
Plants Topic.

 

7. Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process:-

Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

I have moved on in March 2016 to create the Garden Style and the other design galleries for the New Plant Selection Process number 7.

Bee-Pollinated Plants information in this website using the Bee-Pollinated Bloom in Month Colour Wheel Gallery:-

Besides the plants in the
British Floral Sources of importance to Honey Bees
and
Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers
the following 3 sets of Bee-pollinated plants are suitable for Hay-fever Sufferers; except for the 2 grasses in the second list:-

  • The Bee-pollinated Bloom in Month gallery compares the photos from 13 flower colours per month for many plants from the other Galleries, by clicking on the 1 in the relevant Flower per month Colour in the Colour Wheel down on the right of its pages,
  • the Bee-pollinated Index Gallery provides the tabular index of another 264 plants with the relevant colour in that respective month:-
    • 51 ANNUALS
    • 2 ANNUAL - VEGETABLE
    • 4 AQUATIC PLANTS
    • 11 BIENNIALS
    • 21 BULBS, CORMS, OR RHIZOMES
    • 4 CLIMBERS
    • 31 DECIDUOUS SHRUBS
    • 26 DECIDUOUS TREES
    • 9 EVERGREEN PERENNIALS
    • 22 EVERGREEN SHRUBS
    • 2 EVERGREEN TREES
    • 2 GRASSES which cause hayfever
    • 4 SEMI-EVERGREEN SHRUBS
    • 66 HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS
    • 9 PERENNIAL HERBS
      followed by
  • Click on these extra bee-pollinated plant names:-