rosaroyalwilliamflorogerltd

See further photos in table on the right.

Flower. Photo from R.V. Roger Ltd

Rose Plant Name

David Austin Roses names its roses
Rosa 'Cultivar Name/ Introduced Name' (Registration Name or Breeder's Name - AUScerise is AUS for Breeder Code and cerise is the name). The 'Cultivar Name' is used by the public to buy that Rose and the Registration Name is used by the Trade to buy that Rose. Help Me Find will identify the retail name used from the Registration Name used on the label. See the RHS classification system, comment row in England's Rose and Rosa 'Wildfire'.

Rosa 'Royal William'

(Syn.
Rosa Duftzauber (hybrid tea, Kordes, 1984)

Rosa Duftzauber 84

Rosa Fragrant Charm (hybrid tea, Kordes, 1984)

Rosa Fragrant Charm 84

Rosa Fragrant Charm 86

Rosa La Magie du Parfum

Rosa Leonora Christine)

KORzaun is the Registration Name and
Royal William is the Exhibition Name.

Common Name

---

Soil

Roses prefer acidic soil of pH 6.5 (sand) but will tolerate alkaline soils up to pH 7.5 (chalk). Mix 25 litres farmyard manure, or pulverized tree bark with bone meal, in soil before planting. Broadcast rose fertilizer in early Spring.

Sun Aspect

Full Sun.

Soil Moisture

Moist.

Plant Type

Modern Roses: 4 Large-Flowered Shrub from the Hybrid Teas classification

Height x Spread in inches (cms)
(1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot = 30 cms,
24 inches = 2 feet)

48 x 24 (120 x 60)

Foliage

Semi-glossy, Dark green and plentiful.

Flower Colour in Season. Hips

Deep and velvety crimson, high-centred blooms held on strong necks with a good perfume are freely produced in May-October.

Flowering is Continuous throughout the summer. Very fragrant.

Comment

Strong, healthy, upright growth. Rose of the Year 1987.

"An excellent deep and velvety crimson rose. Its growth is strong and healthy and ideal for bedding. Rich fragrance. 3 ft." from David Austin Rose Nursery Limited.

"Dark red.  Strong, spice, sweet fragrance.  30 to 35 petals.  Average diameter 5".  Large, high-centered bloom form.  Blooms in flushes throughout the season.  

Height of 30" to 47" (75 to 120 cm).  
Width of 2' to 30" (60 to 75 cm).

USDA zone 7b and warmer.  
Disease susceptibility: very disease resistant.  
Spring Pruning: Remove old canes and dead or diseased wood and cut back canes that cross. In warmer climates, cut back the remaining canes by about one-third. In colder areas, you'll probably find you'll have to prune a little more than that.  Requires spring freeze protection. " from Help Me Find.

 

Suitable for growing:

 

Available from
David Austin Rose Nursery Limited and
R.V. Roger Ltd (Open ground roses despatched between November and March, Containerised roses despatched between May and October) in the UK with
Help Me Find in America,
Lakeshore Garden Centre in Canada and
Tasman Bay Roses in New Zealand.

For further details on the cultivation of roses, consult the Royal National Rose Society.

"A website devoted to roses, clematis and peonies and all that is gardening related, including selecting, buying, breeding, caring for and exhibiting.  We have cataloged over 44,000 roses and have more than 160,000 photos along with thousands of Rose nurseries, public and private gardens, Rose societies, authors, breeders, hybridizers and publications from all over the world. Click Buy From tab on the Help Me Find page to locate sellers of this rose." from Help Me Find in America.

 

Flower Colour

Other Colours

Orange

Pink

Red

White

Yellow

2 or more Colours Page 1

2 or more Colours Page 2

Produces Hips

Rose Use

Rose Index
of

Rose Plant,

Rose RHS

and

Other Rose Galleries

Bedding

Page 1
Page 2

Climber /Pillar

Cut-Flower
Page 1

Page 2

Exhibition, Speciman

Ground-Cover

Grow In Container
Page 1

Page 2

Hedge

Page 1
Page 2

Climber in Tree

Woodland

Edging Borders

Tolerant of Poor Soil
Page 1

Page 2

Tolerant of Shade

Back of Border

Adjacent to Water

On North-Facing Wall

Page for rose use as ARCH ROSE, PERGOLA ROSE, COASTAL CONDITIONS ROSE, WALL ROSE, STANDARD ROSE, COVERING BANKS or THORNLESS ROSES.

FRAGRANT ROSES Page 1 and Page 2 - The roses inserted into this page are described as Moderately Fragrant or Very Fragrant in the relevant Rose Plant Description Page.

NOT FRAGRANT ROSES - The roses inserted into this page are described as Slightly Fragrant or nothing mentioned about fragrance in the relevant Rose Plant Description Page.
 

Rose Bloom Shape

rosaacapulcocflo1a
High Centred

rosaamberqueenflomidcgarnonswilliams1a
Cupped

rosaballerinacflorogerltd1
Flat

rosahenrimartincflorogerltd1
Globular

rosabuffbeautyCflorogerltd1
Pompon

rosaprosperitycflorogerltd1
Rosette

 

Click on thumbnail to change to Plant Description Page of the Rose Plant named in the text below that photo .
The Comments Row of that Rose Plant Description Page details where that Rose Plant is available from.

Rose
Petal Count

rosacantabrigiensiscflorogerltd1
Single:

1-7
Petals

rosafragrantdelightcflo1a
Semi-double: 8-15 Petals

rosaarthurbellcflomid2garnonswilliams1a
Double
1
, 2
16-25 Petals

rosagoldenramblercflorogerltd1
Full:

26-40 Petals

rosabobwoolleycflorogerltd1
Very Full:

40+ Petals

 

Rose Plant Height from Text Border
(1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot = 30 cms,
24 inches = 2 feet)

Blue = 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)
Cyan = 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

Green=24-72 inches (60-180 cms)
Green=24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

Red = 72+ inches (180+ cms)
Pink = 72+ inches (180+ cms)

Rose Plant Soil Moisture from Text Background

Wet Soil

Moist Soil

Dry Soil

 

If there is no Rose Index Table on the right hand side, then all 4 Rose Index Tables are in the Site Map.

ROSE PLANT GALLERY PAGE MENU
Rose Plant Site Map
of pages with content (o)

Introduction

FOLIAGE COLOUR
(o)Green 1
(o)Green 2
(o)Green 3

MODERN SHRUB ROSE TYPE SHAPE
(o)1 Recur Large-Flo
(o)2 Recur Cluster-Flo
(o)3 Ground-Cover Recur
(o)4 Hybrid Tea
(o)5 Floribunda
6 Dwarf Cluster-Flo
(o)6a Dwarf Large-Flo
(o)7 Polyantha
(o)8 Miniature and Patio
9 Non-Recur Large-Flo
(o)10 Non-Recur Cluster-Flo
(o)11 Ground-Cover Non-Recur

MODERN CLIMBER ROSE TYPE SHAPE
(o)12 Rambler Recur
(o)13 Large-Flo Recur
(o)14 Cluster-Flo Recur
15 Miniature Recur
(o)16 Rambler Non-Recur
(o)17 Large-Flo Non-Recur
(o)18 Cluster-Flo Non-Recur
19 Miniature Non-Recur
(o)19a-d English Roses - Austin Roses

 

ROSE PLANT GALLERY PAGES

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines



OLD GARDEN SHRUB ROSE TYPE SHAPE

(o)20 Alba
(o)21 Bourbon
22 Boursalt
(o)23 China
(o)24 Damask
(o)25 Gallica
26 Hybrid Perpetual
(o)27 Moss
(o)28 Portland
(o)29 Provence
(o)30 Sweet Briar
(o)31 Tea

OLD GARDEN CLIMBER ROSE TYPE SHAPE
32 Rambler Ayrshire
33 Bourbon
34 Boursalt
35 Tea
(o)36 Noisette
(o)37 Sempervirens

WILD ROSE TYPE SHAPE
(o)38 Non-Climbing
(o)39 Climbing

HIP COLOUR
(o)Hip Colour

BED PICTURES
(o)Garden Pictures
 

rosaroyalflobud1williamgarnonwilliams

Open Bud.
Photo from Pickering, North Yorkshire by Chris Garnons-Williams within 21-25 July 2014.

rosaroyalflobud2williamgarnonwilliams

Buds.
Photo from Pickering, North Yorkshire by Chris Garnons-Williams within 21-25 July 2014.

rosaroyalflo1williamgarnonwilliams

Juvenile Flower.
Photo from Pickering, North Yorkshire by Chris Garnons-Williams within 21-25 July 2014.

rosaroyalflo2williamgarnonwilliams

Middle-aged Flower.
Photo from Pickering, North Yorkshire by Chris Garnons-Williams within 21-25 July 2014.

rosaroyalflo3williamgarnonwilliams

Maturing Flower.
Photo from Pickering, North Yorkshire by Chris Garnons-Williams within 21-25 July 2014.

rosaroyalflo4williamgarnonwilliams

Matured Flower below Juvenile Flower.
Photo from Pickering, North Yorkshire by Chris Garnons-Williams within 21-25 July 2014.

rosaroyalfor1williamgarnonwilliams

Form.
Photo from Bowes-Lyon Rose Garden in Wisley by Chris Garnons-Williams on 18 July 2013.

rosaroyalfolwilliamgarnonwilliams

Foliage.
Photo from Bowes-Lyon Rose Garden in Wisley by Chris Garnons-Williams within 3-5 June 2013.

rosaroyalfor2williamgarnonwilliams

Form showing the spacing between the rose bushes.
Photo from Bowes-Lyon Rose Garden in Wisley by Chris Garnons-Williams on 25 April 2013.

rosaroyalpottedwilliamgarnonwilliams

Rose bushes in pots for sale in the Plant Centre at Wisley.
Photo by Chris Garnons-Williams on 4 June 2013.

The following practical advice was written by Percy Thrower in his Percy Thrower's Practical Guides Roses and published by W.H. & L. Collingridge Ltd in 1964:-

"Soils and Situations
Roses, ideally like a deep, good quality loam, not waterlogged or sour, but well supplied with plant foods and stiff enough to allow the roots to find a congenial cool run. I believe that, with good cultivation and the proper use of manure, almost any garden in the British Isles may be made to produce quite satisfactory roses.
Roses do not like to be dried out, yet they appreciate enough sun to ensure thorough ripening of the wood. The more open the beds are to light and air, the better. If the soil is naturally light and quick draining as in sand, it must have sufficient organic matter added to ensure that during dry spells it will not become parched."

See Interaction between 2 Quartz Sand Grains to make soil page on how to add clay etc to a sandy soil and how to add sand to a clay soil to get a SOIL towards a Perfect general use soil, which is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand.

"Organic matter is equally useful on clay soils to improve their texture and prevent them cracking in hot weather."

A 150mm deep mulch of mixed peat, sharp washed sand and horticultural grit was applied on top of a heavy clay soil to improve its structure, and stop the plants therein from drowning in Soil Formation - What is Soil Texture? page.

"While, of course, partly rotted organic materials provide the basis of nearly all natural plant food taken up by the roots, they also act as a sponge, holding on to soil moisture which should otherwise be lost. At the same time soil texture is improved enormously by the air spaces left as the material breaks down further into humuds and it is from this that clay soils particularly benefit.

Humus.
Humus itself is the end product of the complex breaking down of organic materials added to the soil. It takes some time to reach this state and because of this, I try to give my roses regular dressings of organic matter each year, knowing that this breaking-down process is going on all the time.
Humus can be provided in a variety of ways, the best being as well-rotted farmyard or stable manure. Unfortunately, this is not often readily obtained near a town, and haulage over long distance may make the price prohibitive.

In Britain, unless you own the well-rotted farmyard manure, you cannot take it and transport it as a member of the public. You have to get the owner who could be a company or an individual to transport it to your property, which is why there are great heaps of the stuff lying on farmers and stable owners properties, which could benefit householder's gardens - another example of crass government stupidity.

Any decayed vegetable matter may be used with advantage if well worked in. There must be tons of kitchen vegetable trimmings put into dustbins each year which could, and should, be added to the garden compost heap.
Lawn mowings and other garden refuse, stacked for a few months and turned occasionally, will rot down into good manure.

When I was maintaining my customer's gardens, the gardens were too small to have large compost bins that I could apply sufficient prunings/weeds each fortnight for it to compost properly. So I advised my clients to have a small plastic dustbin under their sinks for vegetable and fruit peelings, used tea bags/coffee grounds and eggshells, which I could then apply to a newly weeded area in the garden as a 3 inch (7.5cm) deep mulch and cover over with a 0.5 inch (1 cm) layer of mown grass/mown prunings/mown removed weeds. That would decompose to produce humus, stop weed seeds germinating, stop the ground from drying out due to wind and sun; and reuse that organic matter for those garden plants.

Cultivation
Double digging is the most satisfactory preparation for roses. This means thoroughly breaking up the soil to a depth of about 24 inches (60cms). The work is commenced by taking out a 24 inch wide trench across the plot to a depth of 12 inches (30 cms), and wheeling the soil removed from this to the other end of the patch. Then, the gardener gets into the trench and, with a strong digging fork, breaks up the bottom soil as deeply as possible. A 6 inch (15cm) depth of well-rotted manure is incorporated with this soil which has been dug over at the bottom of the trench.
The work proceeds by opening an adjacent trench 24 inches in width and turning the soil onto the broken soil lying in the previous trench.
Now the bottom of this new trench is forked.
Manure is not wanted at first in the top soil because it check early root development in newly planted roses, but there is no reason why sheep's wool/bracken, straw or Green Compost should not be used to improve the texture of the top soil.
To complete the pre-planting preparations it is a good plan to dress the soil with bone-meal or hoof and horn, which will benefit the roses over an extended period.

The above cultivation is a pipedream in the modern gardens in Britain, since it is more than likely that there is a very little depth of topsoil below the turf, before you get to the subsoil of clay or sand with perhaps rubble on top of that subsoil.
I suggest that you dig down through the turf as far as you can using a fork, then fork in a depth of 6 inches (15cms) layer of sheep's wool/bracken, straw or Green Compost. Then using the fork mix this with the next forkfull of turf/soil, before repeating the process until the bed for the roses has been dug. Water the dug area with a a good amount of water.
Leave the dug area for 3 months.
Then, Dig down 2 forks depth and laying this to one side.
Apply the manure to the bottom of the trench and mix it with a fork's depth of the next part of the turf/soil depth of trench. Next, apply a 3 inch (7.5cm) depth layer of sheep's wool/bracken, straw or Green Compost. Then dig the second fork depth fork depth to lay on top of that mulch. Repeat the process until completion.
Leave for 2 months before applying the
bone-meal or hoof and horn.

Planting
Roses can be planted at any time from late October to late March, but from past experience I have found that November is probably the most favourable month. Many roses are now grown in pots and these can be transplanted at any time, even in mid-summer, providing moist soil is kept around the roots.

Faults to avoid in planting.
There are 3 things to avoid as each of them may check the plants severely. They are:

  • allowing the roots to become dry before or during the time of planting;
  • planting too deeply, and
  • doubling up some of the roots so that their ends are pointing upwards instead of outwards or downwards as they should

To these I would add insufficient firming of the soil, but I do not regard this as quite so serious as the other 3, particularly if roses are planted in the autumn, because the amount of rain we usually get in 1964 then soon consolidates the soil even if it has not been well trodden down in the first place.

Arrival from nursery.
Roses, if properly packed, should arrive from the nursery with their roots reasonably moist, but if they appear to be dry, do not hesitate to stand them in a bucket of water for 30 minutes to get a thorough soaking. Then, either dig a hole big enough to accomodate all the roots in the bundle of roses and cover them immediately with soil, or wrap damp hemp sacking or straw around them.
If the rose arrives in a pot, then soak it for 30 minutes in the bucket. Take them out of the bucket and wrap them in damp hemp sacking or straw to prevent them drying out.
It may take several hours to plant a large number properly and in that time roots can be seriously damaged by drying out if left exposed to the sun or a drying wind.

His book will explain everything else you need to know!!!
 

Topic
Plants detailed in this website by
Botanical Name

A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R, S, T, U,
V, W, X, Y, Z ,
Bulb
A1, 2, 3, B, C1, 2,
D, E, F, G, Glad,
H, I, J, K, L1, 2,
M, N, O, P, Q, R,
S, T, U, V, W, XYZ ,
Evergreen Perennial
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R, S, T, U,
V, W, X, Y, Z ,
Herbaceous Perennial
A1, 2, B, C, D, E, F,
G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, O, P1, 2, Q, R,
S, T, U, V, W, XYZ,
Diascia Photo Album,
UK Peony Index
Wildflower
Botanical Names,
Common Names ,
will be compared in:- Flower colour/month
Evergreen Perennial,
Flower shape
Wildflower Flower Shape
and Plant use
Evergreen Perennial Flower Shape,
Bee plants for hay-fever sufferers
Bee-Pollinated Index
Butterfly
Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis, Butterfly Usage of Plants.
Chalk
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, QR, S, T, UV,
WXYZ
Companion Planting
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R , S, T,
U ,V, W, X, Y, Z,
Pest Control using Plants
Fern
Fern
1000 Ground Cover
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R, S, T, U,
V, W, XYZ ,
Rock Garden and Alpine Flowers
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M,
NO, PQ, R, S, T,
UVWXYZ
Rose
Rose Use
These 5 have Page links in rows below
Bulbs from the Infill Galleries (next row),
Camera Photos,
Plant Colour Wheel Uses,
Sense of Fragrance, Wild Flower

Case Studies
...Drive Foundations
Ryegrass and turf kills plants within Roadstone and in Topsoil due to it starving and dehydrating them.
CEDAdrive creates stable drive surface and drains rain into your ground, rather than onto the public road.
8 problems caused by building house on clay or with house-wall attached to clay.
Pre-building work on polluted soil.

Companion Planting
to provide a Companion Plant to aid your selected plant or deter its pests

Garden
Construction

with ground drains

Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed
Borders

......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
......Camera photos of Plant supports
Garden
Maintenance

Glossary with a tomato teaching cauliflowers
Home
Library of over 1000 books
Offbeat Glossary with DuLally Bird in its flower clock.

Plants
...in Chalk
(Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy
Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Lime-Free
(Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Light
Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z.
...Poisonous Plants.
...Extra Plant Pages
with its 6 Plant Selection Levels

Soil
...
Interaction between 2 Quartz Sand Grains to make soil
...
How roots of plants are in control in the soil
...
Without replacing Soil Nutrients, the soil will break up to only clay, sand or silt
...
Subsidence caused by water in Clay
...
Use water ring for trees/shrubs for first 2 years.

Tool Shed with 3 kneeling pads
Useful Data with benefits of Seaweed

Topic -
Plant Photo Galleries
If the plant type below has flowers, then the first gallery will include the flower thumbnail in each month of 1 of 6 colour comparison pages of each plant in its subsidiary galleries, as a low-level Plant Selection Process

Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape

Bulb
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus with its 40 Flower Colours
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......European Non-classified
......American A,
B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, O, P, Q, R, S,
T, U, V, W, XYZ
......American Non-classified
......Australia - empty
......India
......Lithuania
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil


Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs
...Aconitum
...Allium
...Alstroemeria
...Anemone

...Amaryllis
...Anthericum
...Antholyzas
...Apios
...Arisaema
...Arum
...Asphodeline

...Asphodelus
...Belamcanda
...Bloomeria
...Brodiaea
...Bulbocodium

...Calochorti
...Cyclobothrias
...Camassia
...Colchicum
...Convallaria 
...Forcing Lily of the Valley
...Corydalis
...Crinum
...Crosmia
...Montbretia
...Crocus

...Cyclamen
...Dicentra
...Dierama
...Eranthis
...Eremurus
...Erythrnium
...Eucomis

...Fritillaria
...Funkia
...Galanthus
...Galtonia
...Gladiolus
...Hemerocallis

...Hyacinth
...Hyacinths in Pots
...Scilla
...Puschkinia
...Chionodoxa
...Chionoscilla
...Muscari

...Iris
...Kniphofia
...Lapeyrousia
...Leucojum

...Lilium
...Lilium in Pots
...Malvastrum
...Merendera
...Milla
...Narcissus
...Narcissi in Pots

...Ornithogalum
...Oxalis
...Paeonia
...Ranunculus
...Romulea
...Sanguinaria
...Sternbergia
...Schizostylis
...Tecophilaea
...Trillium

...Tulip
...Zephyranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs
...Acidanthera
...Albuca
...Alstroemeri
...Andro-stephium
...Bassers
...Boussing-aultias
...Bravoas
...Cypellas
...Dahlias
...Galaxis,
...Geissorhizas
...Hesperanthas

...Gladioli
...Ixias
...Sparaxises
...Babianas
...Morphixias
...Tritonias

...Ixiolirions
...Moraeas
...Ornithogalums
...Oxalises
...Phaedra-nassas
...Pancratiums
...Tigridias
...Zephyranthes
...Cooperias

Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Green-house or Stove:-
...Achimenes
...Alocasias
...Amorpho-phalluses
...Arisaemas
...Arums
...Begonias
...Bomareas
...Caladiums

...Clivias
...Colocasias
...Crinums
...Cyclamens
...Cyrtanthuses
...Eucharises
...Urceocharis
...Eurycles

...Freesias
...Gloxinias
...Haemanthus
...Hippeastrums

...Lachenalias
...Nerines
...Lycorises
...Pencratiums
...Hymenocallises
...Richardias
...Sprekelias
...Tuberoses
...Vallotas
...Watsonias
...Zephyranthes

...Plant Bedding in
......Spring

......Summer
...Bulb houseplants flowering during:-
......January
......February
......March
......April
......May
......June
......July
......August
......September
......October
......November
......December
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
......Dec-Jan
......Feb-Mar
......Apr-May
......Jun-Aug
......Sep-Oct
......Nov-Dec
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection

Climber in
3 Sector Vertical Plant System
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evergreen
...Heather Shrub
...Heather Index
......Andromeda
......Bruckenthalia
......Calluna
......Daboecia
......Erica: Carnea
......Erica: Cinerea
......Erica: Others
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evergreen
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous
Perennial

...P -Herbaceous
...Peony
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron

Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use - page links in row 6. Rose, RHS Wisley and Other Roses rose indices on each Rose Use page
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Pruning Methods
Photo Index
R 1, 2, 3
Peter Beales Roses
RV Roger
Roses

Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable
Wild Flower and
Butterfly page links are in next row

Topic -
UK Butterfly:-
...Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly Usage
of Plants.
...Plant Usage by
Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly.
They use both native wildflowers and cultivated plants, with these
...Flower Shape,
...
Uses in USA,
...
Uses in UK and
...
Flo Cols / month


Wild Flower
with its wildflower flower colour page, space,
data page(s).
...Blue Site Map.
Scented Flower, Foliage, Root.
Story of their Common Names.
Use of Plant with Flowers.
Use for Non-Flowering Plants.
Edible Plant Parts.
Flower Legend.
Flowering plants of
Chalk and
Limestone 1
, 2.
Flowering plants of Acid Soil
1.
...Brown Botanical Names.
Food for
Butterfly/Moth.

...Cream Common Names.
Coastal and Dunes.
Sandy Shores and Dunes.
...Green Broad-leaved Woods.
...Mauve Grassland - Acid, Neutral, Chalk.
...Multi-Cols Heaths and Moors.
...Orange Hedge-rows and Verges.
...Pink A-G Lakes, Canals and Rivers.
...Pink H-Z Marshes, Fens, Bogs.
...Purple Old Buildings and Walls.
...Red Pinewoods.
...White A-D
Saltmarshes.
Shingle Beaches, Rocks and Cliff Tops.
...White E-P Other.
...White Q-Z Number of Petals.
...Yellow A-G
Pollinator.
...Yellow H-Z
Poisonous Parts.
...Shrub/Tree River Banks and other Freshwater Margins. and together with cultivated plants in
Colour Wheel.

You know its
name:-
a-h, i-p, q-z,
Botanical Names, or Common Names,
habitat:-
on
Acid Soil,
on
Calcareous
(Chalk) Soil
,
on
Marine Soil,
on
Neutral Soil,
is a
Fern,
is a
Grass,
is a
Rush,
is a
Sedge, or
is
Poisonous.

Each plant in each WILD FLOWER FAMILY PAGE will have a link to:-
1) its created Plant Description Page in its Common Name column, then external sites:-
2) to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name column,
3) to see photos in its Flowering Months column and
4) to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.
Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
Arrow-Grass
Arum
Balsam
Bamboo
Barberry
Bedstraw
Beech
Bellflower
Bindweed
Birch
Birds-Nest
Birthwort
Bogbean
Bog Myrtle
Borage
Box
Broomrape
Buckthorn
Buddleia
Bur-reed
Buttercup
Butterwort
Cornel (Dogwood)
Crowberry
Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
Daffodil
Daisy
Daisy Cudweeds
Daisy Chamomiles
Daisy Thistle
Daisy Catsears Daisy Hawkweeds
Daisy Hawksbeards
Daphne
Diapensia
Dock Bistorts
Dock Sorrels
Clubmoss
Duckweed
Eel-Grass
Elm
Filmy Fern
Horsetail
Polypody
Quillwort
Royal Fern
Figwort - Mulleins
Figwort - Speedwells
Flax
Flowering-Rush
Frog-bit
Fumitory
Gentian
Geranium
Glassworts
Gooseberry
Goosefoot
Grass 1
Grass 2
Grass 3
Grass Soft
Bromes 1

Grass Soft
Bromes 2

Grass Soft
Bromes 3

Hazel
Heath
Hemp
Herb-Paris
Holly
Honeysuckle
Horned-Pondweed
Hornwort
Iris
Ivy
Jacobs Ladder
Lily
Lily Garlic
Lime
Lobelia
Loosestrife
Mallow
Maple
Mares-tail
Marsh Pennywort
Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
Mesem-bryanthemum
Mignonette
Milkwort
Mistletoe
Moschatel
Naiad
Nettle
Nightshade
Oleaster
Olive
Orchid 1
Orchid 2
Orchid 3
Orchid 4
Parnassus-Grass
Peaflower
Peaflower
Clover 1

Peaflower
Clover 2

Peaflower
Clover 3

Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
Pink 1
Pink 2
Pipewort
Pitcher-Plant
Plantain
Pondweed
Poppy
Primrose
Purslane
Rannock Rush
Reedmace
Rockrose
Rose 1
Rose 2
Rose 3
Rose 4
Rush
Rush Woodrushes
Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
Sandalwood
Saxifrage
Seaheath
Sea Lavender
Sedge Rush-like
Sedges Carex 1
Sedges Carex 2
Sedges Carex 3
Sedges Carex 4
Spindle-Tree
Spurge
Stonecrop
Sundew
Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
Teasel
Thyme 1
Thyme 2
Umbellifer 1
Umbellifer 2
Valerian
Verbena
Violet
Water Fern
Waterlily
Water Milfoil
Water Plantain
Water Starwort
Waterwort
Willow
Willow-Herb
Wintergreen
Wood-Sorrel
Yam
Yew


Topic -
The following is a complete hierarchical Plant Selection Process

dependent on the Garden Style chosen
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index


Topic -
Flower/Foliage Colour Wheel Galleries with number of colours as a high-level Plant Selection Process

All Flowers 53 with
...Use of Plant and
Flower Shape
- page links in bottom row

All Foliage 53
instead of redundant
...(All Foliage 212)


All Flowers
per Month 12


Bee instead of wind pollinated plants for hay-fever sufferers
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers
per Month
12
...Index

Rock Garden and Alpine Flowers
Rock Plant Flowers 53
INDEX
A, B, C, D, E, F,
G, H, I, J, K, L,
M, NO, PQ, R, S,
T, UVWXYZ
...Rock Plant Photos

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours
per Month Index

...All Plants Index


Topic -
Use of Plant in your Plant Selection Process

Plant Colour Wheel Uses
with
1. Perfect general use soil is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand, and
2. Why you are continually losing the SOIL STRUCTURE so your soil - will revert to clay, chalk, sand or silt.
Uses of Plant and Flower Shape:-
...Foliage Only
...Other than Green Foliage
...Trees in Lawn
...Trees in Small Gardens
...Wildflower Garden
...Attract Bird
...Attract Butterfly
1
, 2
...Climber on House Wall
...Climber not on House Wall
...Climber in Tree
...Rabbit-Resistant
...Woodland
...Pollution Barrier
...Part Shade
...Full Shade
...Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
1
, 2, 3
...Ground-Cover
<60
cm
60-180cm
>180cm
...Hedge
...Wind-swept
...Covering Banks
...Patio Pot
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border
...Poisonous
...Adjacent to Water
...Bog Garden
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Winter-Flowering
...Fragrant
...Not Fragrant
...Exhibition
...Standard Plant is 'Ball on Stick'
...Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves
...Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal
...Coastal Conditions
...Tolerant on North-facing Wall
...Cut Flower
...Potted Veg Outdoors
...Potted Veg Indoors
...Thornless
...Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
...Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F, G-L, M-R,
S-Z
...Grow in Acidic Soil
...Grow in Any Soil
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Grow Bulbs Indoors

Uses of Bedding
...Bedding Out
...Filling In
...Screen-ing
...Pots and Troughs
...Window Boxes
...Hanging Baskets
...Spring Bedding
...Summer Bedding
...Winter Bedding
...Foliage instead of Flower
...Coleus Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain 1

Uses of Bulb
...Other than Only Green Foliage
...Bedding or Mass Planting
...Ground-Cover
...Cut-Flower
...Tolerant of Shade
...In Woodland Areas
...Under-plant
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Covering Banks
...In Water
...Beside Stream or Water Garden
...Coastal Conditions
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border or Back-ground Plant
...Fragrant Flowers
...Not Fragrant Flowers
...Indoor
House-plant

...Grow in a Patio Pot
...Grow in an Alpine Trough
...Grow in an Alpine House
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Speciman Plant
...Into Native Plant Garden
...Naturalize in Grass
...Grow in Hanging Basket
...Grow in Window-box
...Grow in Green-house
...Grow in Scree
...Naturalized Plant Area
...Grow in Cottage Garden
...Attracts Butterflies
...Attracts Bees
...Resistant to Wildlife
...Bulb in Soil:-
......Chalk
......Clay
......Sand
......Lime-Free (Acid)
......Peat

Uses of Rose
...Bedding
...Climber /Pillar
...Cut-Flower
...Exhibition, Speciman
...Ground-Cover
...Grow In A Container
...Hedge
...Climber in Tree
...Woodland
...Edging Borders
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Tolerant of Shade
...Back of Border
...Adjacent to Water
...Page for rose use as ARCH ROSE, PERGOLA ROSE, COASTAL CONDITIONS ROSE, WALL ROSE, STANDARD ROSE, COVERING BANKS or THORNLESS ROSES.
...FRAGRANT ROSES
...NOT FRAGRANT ROSES


Topic -
Camera Photo Galleries showing all 4000 x 3000 pixels of each photo on your screen that you can then click and drag it to your desktop as part of a Plant Selection Process:-

RHS Garden at Wisley

Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year. Pages
1
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
,
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.

Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, Index

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1

with Plant Supports
1, 5, 10
Plants
2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
2
,
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall

Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden

Roses Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger

Roses - Pages
A1,A2,A3,A4,A5,
A6,A7,A8,A9,A10,
A11,A12,A13,A14,
B15,
B16,B17,B18,B19,
B20,
B21,B22,B23,B24,
B25,
B26,B27,B28,B29,
B30,
C31,C32,C33,C34,
C35,
C36,C37,C38,C39,
C40,
C41,CD2,D43,D44,
D45,
D46,D47,D48,D49,
E50,
E51,E52,F53,F54,
F55,
F56,F57,G58,G59,
H60,
H61,I62,K63,L64,
M65,
M66,N67,P68,P69,
P70,
R71,R72,S73,S74,
T75,
V76,Z77, 78,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54,
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
38, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166

Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Identity of Plants
Label Problems - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11

Ron and Christine Foord - 1036 photos only inserted so far - Garden Flowers - Start Page of each Gallery
AB1 ,AN14,BA27,
CH40,CR52,DR63,
FR74,GE85,HE96,

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens - 1187
A 1, 2, Photos - 43
B 1, Photos - 13
C 1, Photos - 35
D 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
Photos - 411
with Plants causing damage to buildings in Chilham Village and Damage to Trees in Pavements of Funchal
E 1, Photos - 21
F 1, Photos - 1
G 1, Photos - 5
H 1, Photos - 21
I 1, Photos - 8
J 1, Photos - 1
K 1, Photos - 1
L 1, Photos - 85
with Label Problems
M 1, Photos - 9
N 1, Photos - 12
O 1, Photos - 5
P 1, Photos - 54
Q 1, Photos -
R 1, 2, 3,
Photos - 229
S 1, Photos - 111
T 1, Photos - 13
U 1, Photos - 5
V 1, Photos - 4
W 1, Photos - 100
with Work Done by Chris Garnons-Williams
X 1 Photos -
Y 1, Photos -
Z 1 Photos -
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens - 88
Flower Colour, Num of Petals, Shape and
Plant Use of:-
Rock Garden
within linked page


Topic -
Fragrant Plants as a Plant Selection Process for your sense of smell:-

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2


Topic -
Website User Guidelines


My Gas Service Engineer found Flow and Return pipes incorrectly positioned on gas boilers and customers had refused to have positioning corrected in 2020.

 

The following practical advice was written by Percy Thrower in his Percy Thrower's Practical Guides Roses and published by W.H. & L. Collingridge Ltd in 1964:-

"Soils and Situations
Roses, ideally like a deep, good quality loam, not waterlogged or sour, but well supplied with plant foods and stiff enough to allow the roots to find a congenial cool run. I believe that, with good cultivation and the proper use of manure, almost any garden in the British Isles may be made to produce quite satisfactory roses.
Roses do not like to be dried out, yet they appreciate enough sun to ensure thorough ripening of the wood. The more open the beds are to light and air, the better. If the soil is naturally light and quick draining as in sand, it must have sufficient organic matter added to ensure that during dry spells it will not become parched."

See Interaction between 2 Quartz Sand Grains to make soil page on how to add clay etc to a sandy soil and how to add sand to a clay soil to get a SOIL towards a Perfect general use soil, which is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand.

"Organic matter is equally useful on clay soils to improve their texture and prevent them cracking in hot weather."

A 150mm deep mulch of mixed peat, sharp washed sand and horticultural grit was applied on top of a heavy clay soil to improve its structure, and stop the plants therein from drowning in Soil Formation - What is Soil Texture? page.

"While, of course, partly rotted organic materials provide the basis of nearly all natural plant food taken up by the roots, they also act as a sponge, holding on to soil moisture which should otherwise be lost. At the same time soil texture is improved enormously by the air spaces left as the material breaks down further into humuds and it is from this that clay soils particularly benefit.

Humus.
Humus itself is the end product of the complex breaking down of organic materials added to the soil. It takes some time to reach this state and because of this, I try to give my roses regular dressings of organic matter each year, knowing that this breaking-down process is going on all the time.
Humus can be provided in a variety of ways, the best being as well-rotted farmyard or stable manure. Unfortunately, this is not often readily obtained near a town, and haulage over long distance may make the price prohibitive.

In Britain, unless you own the well-rotted farmyard manure, you cannot take it and transport it as a member of the public. You have to get the owner who could be a company or an individual to transport it to your property, which is why there are great heaps of the stuff lying on farmers and stable owners properties, which could benefit householder's gardens - another example of crass government stupidity.

Any decayed vegetable matter may be used with advantage if well worked in. There must be tons of kitchen vegetable trimmings put into dustbins each year which could, and should, be added to the garden compost heap.
Lawn mowings and other garden refuse, stacked for a few months and turned occasionally, will rot down into good manure.

When I was maintaining my customer's gardens, the gardens were too small to have large compost bins that I could apply sufficient prunings/weeds each fortnight for it to compost properly. So I advised my clients to have a small plastic dustbin under their sinks for vegetable and fruit peelings, used tea bags/coffee grounds and eggshells, which I could then apply to a newly weeded area in the garden as a 3 inch (7.5cm) deep mulch and cover over with a 0.5 inch (1 cm) layer of mown grass/mown prunings/mown removed weeds. That would decompose to produce humus, stop weed seeds germinating, stop the ground from drying out due to wind and sun; and reuse that organic matter for those garden plants.

Cultivation
Double digging is the most satisfactory preparation for roses. This means thoroughly breaking up the soil to a depth of about 24 inches (60cms). The work is commenced by taking out a 24 inch wide trench across the plot to a depth of 12 inches (30 cms), and wheeling the soil removed from this to the other end of the patch. Then, the gardener gets into the trench and, with a strong digging fork, breaks up the bottom soil as deeply as possible. A 6 inch (15cm) depth of well-rotted manure is incorporated with this soil which has been dug over at the bottom of the trench.
The work proceeds by opening an adjacent trench 24 inches in width and turning the soil onto the broken soil lying in the previous trench.
Now the bottom of this new trench is forked.
Manure is not wanted at first in the top soil because it check early root development in newly planted roses, but there is no reason why sheep's wool/bracken, straw or Green Compost should not be used to improve the texture of the top soil.
To complete the pre-planting preparations it is a good plan to dress the soil with bone-meal or hoof and horn, which will benefit the roses over an extended period.

The above cultivation is a pipedream in the modern gardens in Britain, since it is more than likely that there is a very little depth of topsoil below the turf, before you get to the subsoil of clay or sand with perhaps rubble on top of that subsoil.
I suggest that you dig down through the turf as far as you can using a fork, then fork in a depth of 6 inches (15cms) layer of sheep's wool/bracken, straw or Green Compost. Then using the fork mix this with the next forkfull of turf/soil, before repeating the process until the bed for the roses has been dug. Water the dug area with a a good amount of water.
Leave the dug area for 3 months.
Then, Dig down 2 forks depth and laying this to one side.
Apply the manure to the bottom of the trench and mix it with a fork's depth of the next part of the turf/soil depth of trench. Next, apply a 3 inch (7.5cm) depth layer of sheep's wool/bracken, straw or Green Compost. Then dig the second fork depth fork depth to lay on top of that mulch. Repeat the process until completion.
Leave for 2 months before applying the
bone-meal or hoof and horn.

Planting
Roses can be planted at any time from late October to late March, but from past experience I have found that November is probably the most favourable month. Many roses are now grown in pots and these can be transplanted at any time, even in mid-summer, providing moist soil is kept around the roots.

Faults to avoid in planting.
There are 3 things to avoid as each of them may check the plants severely. They are:

  • allowing the roots to become dry before or during the time of planting;
  • planting too deeply, and
  • doubling up some of the roots so that their ends are pointing upwards instead of outwards or downwards as they should

To these I would add insufficient firming of the soil, but I do not regard this as quite so serious as the other 3, particularly if roses are planted in the autumn, because the amount of rain we usually get in 1964 then soon consolidates the soil even if it has not been well trodden down in the first place.

Arrival from nursery.
Roses, if properly packed, should arrive from the nursery with their roots reasonably moist, but if they appear to be dry, do not hesitate to stand them in a bucket of water for 30 minutes to get a thorough soaking. Then, either dig a hole big enough to accomodate all the roots in the bundle of roses and cover them immediately with soil, or wrap damp hemp sacking or straw around them.
If the rose arrives in a pot, then soak it for 30 minutes in the bucket. Take them out of the bucket and wrap them in damp hemp sacking or straw to prevent them drying out.
It may take several hours to plant a large number properly and in that time roots can be seriously damaged by drying out if left exposed to the sun or a drying wind.

His book will explain everything else you need to know!!!
 

 

---------

 

 

I Can Garden has information like this:-

"Spring 2013 promises to be “Rose Heaven” for fans of David Austin Roses. The famous Shropshire, England rose breeder is introducing six exquisite new English Rose varieties to North America. The six varieties – deliciously fragrant and robust, season-long repeat bloomers -- are available by mail order from www.davidaustinroses.com.

The six new English Roses are:-

‘Wollerton Old Hall’, a beautiful chalice-shaped, creamy-apricot colored rose considered to be one of the most fragrant English Roses of all time with a delicious strong myrrh scent with elements of citrus;

‘Lady Salisbury’, a plump, multi-petalled pure pink rose with great Old Rose charm;

‘Fighting Temeraire’, an abundantly-blooming, rich apricot rose with an award-winning fruity fragrance with notes of lemon zest;

‘England’s Rose’, a particularly tough and reliable variety with glowing pink flowers and a strong Old Rose fragrance with a warm spicy character;

‘Queen Anne’ with pure rose-pink flowers, few thorns and an appealing full-bodied Old Rose fragrance;

‘The Lady’s Blush’ a lightly-scented, semi-double, soft pink rose with lovely open flowers exhibiting unusual grace and freshness.

David Austin’s English Roses are known for combining the romantic flower forms and perfume of Old Roses with the broad color range and repeat-flowering of modern roses. As a rose breeder, David Austin’s achievement is in marrying this lovely “English Rose” look with tough-as-nails garden performance, vigorous growth, full bushes, disease resistance and prolific season-long bloom. English Roses are suited to growing in full sun or partial shade provided the site is not overhung by tree canopies. Gardeners who long to recreate the English cottage garden style in their yard can rest assured that these are roses with passports. They are not only grown in England, but are truly world travelers, found throughout the U.S.A. and Canada and, indeed, in every rose growing country in the world.

All David Austin roses sold in North America are specially selected for North American growing conditions and climate zones. All are grown and shipped within North America. Also available free upon request, is David Austin’s award-winning catalog, "The Handbook of Roses 2013," a must-have for rose lovers, with 120 pages of color illustrations." from Six New David Austin English Roses by Sally Ferguson. October 21, 2012

 

How to grow and care for roses in Australia. and
why you should combine roses with other plants.
How to use companion plants with roses from David Austin Roses.
Underplanting Roses - Companion Plants for Roses by Gardenia Creating Gardens.

All the Rose Index Tables are in the Rose Plants Site Map Page.
Each of the roses in the 343 Roses Table includes bloom colour thumbnail, rose use, height and width with link to its Rose Description Page.

There are further details on roses in the Plants section.

 

"The 5 P’s For Easy Rose Growing

1. Planning

2. Preparation

3. Planting

4. Pruning

5. Preservation

Planning

Try to plan well in advance of purchasing your roses. Roses come in a multitude of sizes, habits and colours. They prefer a sunny position and a neutral or slightly acidic well drained soil. Certain roses will tolerate differing degrees of shade and some will thrive in poor soils. Do your homework.

Preparation

The area to be planted should be free of weeds and deeply dug with the addition of plenty of organic matter such as well rotted farmyard manure or garden compost plus bonemeal. Soil that has previously grown roses should be removed to a depth of 45cms and replaced with fresh soil from elsewhere. This should be completed well before planting to allow the soil to settle.

Planting

Bare root roses can be planted from November until March provided the soil is workable. Dig a hole large enough to accommodate the roots. Mix a handful of bonemeal with the excavated soil. Spread the roots out in the hole and gradually replace the soil firming well so the union (where the shoots meet the roots) is 2-3 cms. below the soil, water well. If conditions are very wet or frosty when your roses arrive they can be kept unopened in their packaging for a week or more and planted as soon as things improve.

Pruning

This is a way to maintain a healthy, productive and well balanced plant. Different types of roses require different strategies so see the group headings on the website for more detailed pruning guides. Always use sharp secateurs or loppers and try to prune just above an outward facing bud (where the leaf stalk meets the stem) with a cut sloping down away from the bud. Remove any dead, damaged or diseased wood before pruning.

Preservation

Roses can be long lived plants provided they are properly maintained. They require plenty of moisture and nutrients to stay healthy and flourish. In dry spells water well, especially in the first few years after planting. The application of a deep mulch in the spring will help to retain water. Feed twice a year on heavy soils (March and June) and more regularly on lighter soils with a good rose fertilizer or fish blood and bone. Pests and diseases are best controlled with good husbandry. There are some good organic products on the market now that can be used to help maintain your plants health. Any suckers (shoots growing from the rootstock) should be pulled off (not cut) as soon as possible." from Trevor White Old Fashioned Roses.

 

---------

 

"Pruning roses - the sissinghurst method

Pruning roses the Sissinghurst way helps create those wonderful fountains of roses you see in summer gardens - delicious-smelling, out-of-control geysers of flowers that effuse all over the garden. Pruning roses like this means you don't get those boring little twiggy bushes, all leg and no body, surrounded by bare ground.

The Sissinghurst rose pruning technique originated at Cliveden with the Astors' head gardener Jack Vass, who moved to Sissinghurst in 1939.

Vita Sackville-West loved her roses, particularly the dark, rich Gallicas such as 'Charles de Mills', 'Tuscany Superb' and 'Cardinal de Richelieu', but it was Jack Vass who started to grow them in this exceptional way, and roses have been pruned and trained like this at Sissinghurst ever since. Other National Trust properties send their gardeners here to learn this ingenious technique.

The rose pruning philosophy can be summed up as "treat them mean, keep them keen". If you put every stem of a rose plant under pressure, bending and stressing it, the rose will flower more prolifically. The plant's biochemistry tells the bush it's on the way out and so needs to make as many flowers as possible.

THE SISSINGHURST ROSE PRUNING TECHNIQUE

Climbers and ramblers

The rose pruning season at Sissinghurst starts in November with the climbers and ramblers that cover almost every one of the terracotta brick walls.

First, the gardeners cut off most of that year's growth. This keeps the framework of the rose clear and prevents the plant from becoming too woody.

Next, large woody stems are taken out - almost to the base - to encourage new shoots. These will flower the following year.

The remaining branches are re-attached to the wall, stem by stem, starting from the middle of the plant, working outwards, with the pruned tip of each branch bent down and attached to the one below.

Climbers such as 'Paul's Lemon Pillar' are a bit more reluctant than ramblers like 'Albertine' and the famous Rosa mulliganii on the frame in the centre of the White Garden, which are very bendy and easy to train.

Shrub roses

Once the wall roses are done, it's the turn of the border shrubs. They should be pruned before they come into leaf to prevent leaf buds and shoots from being damaged as their stems are manipulated. Depending on their habit, shrub roses are trained in one of three ways.

The tall, rangy bushes with stiffer branches (such as 'Charles de Mills', 'Ispahan', 'Gloire de France', 'Cardinal de Richelieu' and 'Camayeux') are twirled up a frame of four chestnut or hazel poles. Every pruned tip is bent and attached to a length below.

The big leggy shrubs, which put out great, pliable, triffid arms that are easy to tie down and train, are bent on to hazel hoops arranged around the skirts of the plant. Roses with this lax habit include 'Constance Spry', 'Fantin-Latour', 'Zéphirine Drouhin', 'Madame Isaac Pereire', 'Coupe d'Hébé', 'Henri Martin' and 'Souvenir du Dr Jamain'.

All the old and diseased wood is removed and then, stem by stem, last year's wood is bent over and tied onto the hazel hoop. You start at the outside of the plant and tie that in first and then move towards the middle, using the plant's own branches to build up the web and - in the case of 'Constance Spry' and 'Henri Martin' - create a fantastic height, one layer domed and attached to the one below. Without any sign of a flower, this looks magnificent as soon as it's complete, and in a couple of months, each stem, curved almost to ground level, will flower abundantly.

That leaves just the contained, well behaved, less prolific varieties ('Petite de Hollande', 'Madame Knorr', 'Chapeau de Napoléon', ( syn. Rosa x centifolia 'Cristata') and those that produce branches too stiff to bend ('Felicia' and the newish David Austin rose, 'William Shakespeare 2000'). These are pruned hard, then each bush is attached to a single stake, cut to about the height of the pruned bush and attached by twine. Without the stake, even these will topple under the weight of their summer growth.

For those who live in the North, where some roses are yet to leaf, you could get bending now. If your roses are already too advanced for this year, come and see how it's all done at Sissinghurst." from Sarah Raven.

 

Peter Beales Roses - An illustrated encyclopedia and grower's handbook of species roses, old roses and modern roses, shrub roses and climbers by Peter Beales (ISBN 0-00-272178-3) is an excellent book concerning roses and what can be grown in different parts of the world.

Excellent Roses

I think that the following shrubs are excellent roses for their type:-

Bloom Colour

Rose Type

Rose Name

Height x Width in inches (cms)

Comments

Shrubs

Apricot

rosasouthamptoncflorogerltd

Flori-bunda Shrub 5

Southam-pton

36 x 24 inches (90-60 cms)

Excellent for bedding, hedging and in pots. Moderately fragrant blooms.

Apricot

rosasweetdreamcflorogerltd

Patio Bush 8

Sweet Dream

36 x 24 inches (90-60 cms)

The most popular selling rose in England. Use for bedding, in hedges or pots.

Apricot fading to pink

rosasilverjubileecflo1

Hybrid Tea Shrub 4

Silver Jubilee

42 x 24 (105 x 60)

One of the best roses ever raised and popular for bedding, hedging, and growing in pots; with thorny stems.

 

 

 

 

 

Reddish-Brown

rosahotchocolatecflo

Flori-bunda Shrub 5

Hot Chocolate

36 x 32 (90 x 80)

Awarded the accolade of novelty rose 2006. Use for bedding and in pots.

Crimson-Purple

rosaroseraiedelhaycflorogerltd

Modern Shrub 2

Roseraie de l'Hay

72 x 60 (180 x 150)

One of the best-loved rugosas. Use for impenetrable fragrant flowered hedge

 

 

 

 

 

Red

rosadorismorgancflo1

Mini-flora Shrub 6a

Doris Morgan

18 x 18 inches (45-45 cms)

Award of Excellence in 2003. Use for bedding and in pots. Moderately fragrant.

Red and Crimson

rosamarlenacflorogerltd

Flori-bunda Shrub 5

Marlena

18 x 18 inches (45-45 cms)

Bronze tinted dark green foliage on reliable ground cover. Also for use in bedding, hedging and pots.

Crimson

rosaalecsredflot

Hybrid Tea Shrub 4

Alec's Red

30 x 24 inches (75-60 cms)

A good all-rounder which is suitable for bedding or planting in groups as bushes or standards with outstanding sweet fragrance

Crimson

rosagladtidingscflorogerltd

Flori-bunda Shrub 5

Glad Tidings

30 x 24 inches (75-60 cms)

Excellent for bedding, hedging, in pots and for non-fragrant cut bloom.

Crimson red with white eye

rosamatangicflorogerltd

Flori-bunda Shrub 5

Matangi

36 x 24 inches (90-60 cms)

Excellent for bedding and hedges.

Orange-red

rosatonyjacklincflorogerltd

Flor-bunda Shrub 5

Tony Jacklin

36 x 24 inches (90-60 cms)

Use for bedding, hedging and slightly fragrant cut flower for the house and exhibition.

Crimson

rosagallicaofficinaliscflorogerltd

Gallica Shrub 25

Rosa gallica officinalis

36 x 36 inches (90-90 cms)

In the Middle Ages its scent-retaining properties were much valued by apothecaries. Use for Hedging, cutting and in pots. Rosa gallica versicolor is its striped bloom sport.

Crimson

rosaroyalwilliamcflorogerltd

Hybrid Tea Shrub 4

Royal William

48 x 24 inches (120-60 cms)

Rose of the Year 1987. Ideal for bedding, grow in pots and as a very fragrant cut flower

Crimsonrosaprestigecfloanderson

Modern Shrub 2

Prestige

48 x 36 inches (120-90 cms)

Healthy very floriferous grower, makes a good hedge or speciman bush 4-6 feet high.

Red

rosaingridbergmancflorogerltd

Hybrid Tea Shrub 4

Ingrid Bergman

54 x 24 (135 x 60)

Use in bedding, in pots and as a very fragrant cut bloom

Crimson

rosahenrimartincflorogerltd

Moss Shrub 27

Henri Martin

60 x 48 inches (150-120 cms)

Well worth growing for the sheer quantity of very fragrant blooms produced. Use for Hedging

Vermilion

rosaalexandercflo1

Modern Shrub 1

Alexander

78 x 48 (195 x 120)

Ideal for the back of the border or for hedging. Good for cutting.

Crimson

rosamoyesiiflot

Wild Roses Shrub 38

Rosa moyesii

120 x 72 (300 x 180)

Shrub with hips in the autumn. Use as wall plant, or for Woodland and covert planting.

 

 

 

 

 

Orange

rosaamberstarcflo1

Mini-ature Bush 8

Amber Star

15 x 15 (38 x 38)

Easy to grow. Good for close-density bedding, in pots or external window boxes. Exhibition variety and slightly fragrant cut flower.

Orange

rosajustjoeycflo1

Hybrid Tea Shrub 4

Just Joey

24 x 24 inches (60-60 cms)

Use in bedding and pots. Moderate fragrance.

Orangerosadawnchoruscflo

Hybrid Tea Shrub 4

Dawn Chorus

30 x 18 inches (75-45 cms)

Rose of the Year 1993. Use as bedding.

Orange

rosahallecflo1

Hybrid Tea Shrub 4

Halle

36 x 24 inches (90-60 cms)

Extremely free flowering and very fragrant. Use for bedding and hedging.

 

 

 

 

 

Pinkrosajeanmermozcflorogerltd

Poly-antha Shrub 7

Jean Mermoz

24 x 18 inches (60-45 cms)

Bedding, Ground-cover and in pots. Slightly fragrant.

Pinkrosaenglishmisscflo1

Flori-bunda Shrub 5

English Miss

24 x 24 inches (60-60 cms)

Use for bedding, hedging and in pots. Slightly fragrant.

Pinkrosadoncharltoncflorogerltd

Hybrid Tea Shrub 4

Don Charlton

30 x 24 (75 x 60)

Very fragrant and a good cut flower.

PinkrosajillyjewelCflorogerltd

Mini-ature Bush 8

Jilly Jewel

30 x 30 inches (75-75 cms)

Used in cut flower production throughout the world

Pink

rosapinkparfaitcflorogerltd

Flori-bunda Shrub 5

Pink Parfait

36 x 24 inches (90-60 cms)

Excellent for bedding, hedging, in pots and slightly fragrant cut blooms.

Pinkrosacecilebrunnerwhiteflot

China Shrub 23

Cecile Brunner White

48 x 24 inches (120-60 cms)

Compact growth makes it perfect for the front of the border.

Pink

rosafrudagmarcflo1hartopp

Modern Shrub 2

Fru Dagmar Hartopp

48 x 48 inches (120-120 cms)

Grows almost anywhere. Good autumn foliage and hips. Can be used as ground cover and grown in pots.

Pinkrosafeliciacflorogerltd

Modern Shrub 2

Felicia

48 x 48 inches (120-120 cms)

Fragrant Specimen plant.

Pink

rosathequeenelizabethcflorogerltd

Flor-bunda Shrub 5

The Queen Elizabeth Rose

60 x 30 (150 x 75)

Outstanding vigorous, upright, and reliable for hedging, in pots and slightly fragrant cut flowers.

Pink

rosacaninadogroseflot

Modern Shrub 10

Rosa canina Dog Rose

120 x 72 (300 x 180)

The flowers of this native rose provide food for the bees and the hips provide food for the birds, in hedges.

 

 

 

 

 

Purple-violetrosatwiceinabluemooncflo1

Hybrid Tea Shrub 4

Twice in a Blue Moon

36-60 x 18 (90-150 x 45)

Use for bedding, growing in pots and very fragrant cut flower.

 

 

 

 

 

White

rosasilverweddingcflorogerltd

Hybrid Tea Shrub 4

Silver Wedding

30 x 24 (75 x 60)

Use for bedding, growing in pots and as a slightly fragrant superb cut flower.

Whiterosamargaretmerrillcflorogerltd

Flor-bunda Shrub 5

Margaret Merril

30 x 24 (75 x 60)

Use for bedding, hedging, in pots and very fragrant cut flowers.

White

rosaicebergcflo1

Flori-bunda Shrub 5

Iceberg (Shrub)

36 x 24 inches (90-60 cms)

One of the best Floribundas ever raised and the most popular white Floribunda. Use for bedding hedging, in pots and moderate fragrance cut flowers.

Whiterosairrisistiblecflorogerltd

Mini-ature Bush 8

Irresistible

36 x 30 inches (90-75 cms)

Best exhibit show mini

Whiterosapimpinellifoliaflot

Port-land Shrub 28

Rosa pimpinelli-folia

36 x 36 inches (90-90 cms)

Good thorny impenetrable hedge

Whiterosablancdoubledecoubertcflorogerltd

Modern Shrub 2

Rosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'

60 x 48 inches (150-120 cms)

Good thorny rugosa impenetrable hedge

Whiterosaprosperitycflorogerltd

Modern Shrub 2

Prosperity

60 x 48 inches (150-120 cms)

Fragrant flowers on arching shoots in a hedge

 

 

 

 

 

 

Growing Roses in Containers

Select large terracotta pots or deep half barrels for soil volume and root stability.

Place the pot onto feet and add a drainage layer of 1" depth of pea-shingle at the bottom with 1" layer of Cotton Wool on top to prevent the compost mixture from mixing with the pea-shingle, so that the plants cannot drown or be continuosly waterlogged. Pot up in November with bare root plants using 4 parts by volume of John Innes No 3 with 1 part of either Multi-Purpose Compost or 1 of cow manure.

The plant should receive sunshine for at least half the day, with the pot being in shade. Top-dress with granular rose fertiliser in the Spring; avoid feeding after August and replace the compost every second year.

Grow the following patio and miniature roses in 14 inch deep pots and ground cover, half-standards or climbing roses in minimum of 18 inch deep pots:-

Climbers

Ground Cover

Miniature and patio roses

Half-Standards

  • Rosa 'Flower Power' with Peachy-Salmon Flowers from Cants Roses
  • Rosa 'Frothy' with White flowers Flowers from Cants Roses
  • Rosa ' Pink Hit' with Soft Pink Flowers from Cants Roses
  • Rosa 'Scarlet Hit' with Red Flowers from Cants Roses
  • Rosa 'Shine On' with Orange Flowers from Cants Roses
  • Rosa 'Shrimp Hit' with Red Flowers from Cants Roses
  • Rosa 'Sun Hit' with Yellow Flowers from Cants Roses
  • Rosa 'Sweet Dream' with Apricot-peach Flowers from Cants Roses
  • Rosa 'Sweet Memories' with Yellow Flowers from Cants Roses
  • Rosa 'Wildfire' with Orange Flowers from Cants Roses

Yellowrosadoreencflorogerltd

Hybrid Tea Shrub 4

Doreen

18 x 24 (45 x 60)

Very popular short dense plant with thorny stems

Yellowrosagwentcflo1

Ground Cover 10

Gwent

24 x 120 (60 x 300)

Ground cover use and in pots. Slightly fragrant blooms.

Yellow

rosaamberqueencflo

Flori-bunda Shrub 5

Amber Queen

24 x 24 inches (60-60 cms)

Use for bedding, growing in pots and moderately fragrant cut flower.

Yellow

rosafreedomcflorogerltd

Hybrid Tea Shrub 4

Freedom

30 x 24 (75 x 60)

One of the best Hybrid Teas for bedding and mass planting with moderate fragrance and retention of bloom colour

Yellowrosagoldenweddingcflo1

Modern Shrub 2

Golden Wedding

36 x 36 inches (90-90 cms)

Compact shrub with plenty of foliage for use in bedding.

Yellowrosagrahamthomascflo1coblands

Modern Shrub 1

Graham Thomas

48 x 36 inches (120-90 cms)

Good for Hedging, or growing in pots.

Yellow

rosapeaceflot

Hybrid Tea Shrub 4

Peace

48 x 36 inches (120-90 cms)

Perhaps the best known and loved rose of all time. Use for hedges, as a slightly fragrant cut flower and for exhibition. Chicago Peace is identical to Rosa 'Peace' except for colour, which is a coppery yellow base overlaid with deep pink.

Yellow

rosachinatowncflorogerltd

Flori-bunda Shrub 5

China-town

48 x 36 inches (120-90 cms)

Use as a free-standing shrub, bedding or hedging with very fragrant blooms.

Yellow

rosabuffbeautyCflorogerltd

Modern Shrub 2

Buff Beauty

60 x 60 (150 x 150)

Vigorous Hedge with strongly scented flowers continuously through the summer.

Yellow

rosafruhlingsgoldcflorogerltd

Modern Shrub 10

Fruhlings-gold

84 X 60 (210 x 150)

A very fragrant flowering shrub in the Spring only and use for Hedging

Yellow

rosamaigoldcflo

Modern Shrub 10

Maigold

120 x 96 (300 x 240)

Superb climber as a pillar rose, on walls, fences or into trees with moderate fragrance.

 

 

 

 

 

Apricot and Pink

rosapartygirlcflorogerltd

Mini-ature Bush 8

Party Girl

12 x 24 (30 x 60)

Excellent compact exhibition rose for edging borders. Spice fragrant blooms drop off cleanly.

Yellow and Redrosadancingflamecflorogerltd

Mini-ature Bush 8

Dancing Flame

24 x 24 inches (60-60 cms)

Use for bedding, pot, cut flower and outstanding for exhibition

Yellow and Redrosatequilasunrisecflorogerltd

Hybrid Tea Shrub 4

Tequila Sunrise

30 x 24 (75 x 60)

Use for bedding, hedges and growing in pots. Slight fragrance.

Orange, Red and Yellowrosalivingfirecflorogerltd

Flori-bunda Shrub 5

Living Fire

30 x 24 (75 x 60)

Tolerates shade. Use for bedding, hedging and for slight fragrance cut flower.

Apricot yellow and pinkrosaapricotsilkcflo1

Hybrid Tea Shrub 4

Apricot Silk

36 x 18 (90 x 45)

Excellent cut flower and moderately fragrant.

Pink, Apricot and ivoryrosafificflorogerltd

Flori-bunda Shrub 5

Fifi

36 x 24 inches (90-60 cms)

Reliable upright rose for bedding, in pots and very fragrant cut flower.

 

 

 

 

 

Excellent Roses

I think that the following Climbers are excellent in their type:-

Bloom Colour

Rose Type

Rose Name

Height x Width in inches

Comments

Climbers/Ramblers

Apricotrosabreathoflifecflo1

Clim-ber 17

Breath of Life

120 x 72 (300 x 180)

Reliable climber and moderately fragrant cut flowers.

 

 

 

 

 

Lavender -Purple flecked with White

rosaveilchenblauflot1

Ram-bler 16

Veilchen-blau

180 x 144 (450 x 360)

The blue Rose is an ideal and beautiful companion for cream and white ramblers when grown through old trees or supported on a wall facing any direction. Moderately fragrant.

 

 

 

 

 

Pink

rosaalohaflot1

Modern Clim-ber 13

Aloha

120 x 72 (300 x 180)

Superb climber as a pillar rose, on walls, fences or into pergolas. Very fragrant cut flower.

Pink

rosazephirinedrouhincflo1a

Bour-bon Shrub 21

Zephirine Drouhin

120 x 72 (300 x 180)

Thornless shoots with very fragrant blooms on a pillar rose, or climber which can be grown into trees.

Pinkrosanewdawncflorogerltd1

Ram-bler 16

New Dawn

120 x 96 (300 x 240)

Ideal smaller rambling rose with very fragrant blooms.

Pink

rosapinkperpetuecflorogerltd1

Clim-ber 17

Pink Perpetue

144 x 96 (360 x 240)

One of the outstanding modern climbers with moderate fragrance, excellent foliage and tolerant of shade.

Pink

rosaladysylviacfloclimbing1

Clim-ber 17

Lady Sylvia Climbing

180 x 120 (450 x 300)

One of the most popular climbers of the 1930s. Used for hedges, grown into trees and provides very fragrant cut flowers.

Pink

rosamadammegregoirestaechelincflorogerltd1

Clim-ber 17

Madamme Gregoire Staechelin

180 x 120 (450 x 300)

A climbing rose of exceptional vigour. If it is not dead-headed it produces superb, large, orange-red hips in the autumn.

Red

rosadublinbaycflorogerltd1

Clim-ber 17

Dublin Bay

84 x 60 (210 x 150)

A very good Pillar Rose as well as a large shrub or a hedge; with slightly fragrant blooms.

Red

rosathatsjazzCflo1a

Modern Clim-ber 13

Thats Jazz

120 x 72 (300 x 180)

Vigorous and disease resistant. Use as Climber, Pillar rose, in trees and in pots. Slightly fragrant blooms.

 

 

 

 

 

Whiterosamrsherbertstevensclimbingcflorogerltd1

Clim-ber 17

Mrs Herbert Stevens Climbing

144 x 96 (360 x 240)

One of the best white climbers. Very fragrant cut blooms.

Whiterosaalbericbarbiercflo1

Ram-bler 16

Alberic Barbier

180 x 120 (450 x 300)

One of the best ramblers for growing into trees. Slightly fragrant blooms.

White

rosamadammealfredcarrierecflorogerltd1

Noisette Climber 36

Madamme Alfred Carriere

180 x 120 (450 x 300)

Growth is vigorous with sparse thorns. It flowers almost continuously throughout the season and is quite tolerant of a North-facing wall situation. Moderately fragrant Climber or Pillar rose. Grow into trees. Good for cutting.

White

rosaramblingrectorcflorogerltd1

Ram-bler 16

Rambling Rector

240 x 180 (600 x 450)

Superb as a tree or hedgerow climber with fragrant flowers and small hips in the autumn.

White

rosaseagullcflorogerltd1

Ram-bler 16

Seagull

300 x 216 (750 x 540)

An established plant in full flush of highly scented flower is a sight to remember. Grow into trees

White

rosaweddingdaycflorogerltd1

Clim-ber 18

Wedding Day

360 x 180 (900 x 450)

Thornless stems growth is rampant, capable of festooning tall trees.

 

 

 

 

 

Yellow

rosalaurafordcflorogerltd1

Clim-ber 13

Laura Ford

96 x 36 (240 x 90)

Constantly in non-fragrant flower during the Summer. Use as Pillar Rose or in Pots

Yellow

rosaemilygraycflorogerltd1

Ram-bler 16

Emily Gray

180 x 120 (450 x 300)

An outstanding moderately fragrant rose. Very floriferous on a vigorous plant.

This plant gallery has thumbnail pictures of rose flowers in the following colours:-

  • (o)Other Colours
  • (o)Orange
  • (o)Pink
  • (o)Red
  • (o)White
  • (o)Yellow
  • (o)2 or More Colours

This plant gallery has thumbnail pictures of rose foliage in the following colours:-

  • (o)Green
  • (o)Grey
  • (o)Purple
  • Red
  • (o)Bronze
  • Variegated White (or Silver) and Green
  • Variegated Yellow and Green
  • White
  • Yellow
  • Foliage changes colour from Summer to Autumn
  • Foliage changes colour from 1 season to another

Rose Class

This plant gallery has bloom thumbnail pictures of Modern Roses from the World Federation of Rose Societies Rose Classes in the following classes as adopted by the British National Rose Society last century:-

  • The links for these Rose Classes are in the table on the left:-
  • (o)1 Modern Shrub Recurrent Large-Flowered
  • (o)2 Modern Shrub Recurrent Cluster-Flowered
  • (o)3 Ground-Cover Recurrent
  • (o)4 Large-Flowered Hybrid Tea
  • (o)5 Cluster-Flowered Floribunda
  • 6 - Dwarf Cluster-Flowered
  • (o)6a - Dwarf Large-Flowered (Mini-flora in the American Rose Society Classification)
  • (o)7 Polyantha
  • (o)8 Miniature and Patio
  • 9 Modern Shrub Non-Recurrent Large-Flowered
  • (o)10 Modern Shrub Non-Recurrent Cluster-Flowered
  • (o)11 Ground-Cover Non-Recurrent
  • (o)12 Rambler Recurrent
  • (o)13 Large-Flowered Climber Recurrent
  • (o)14 Cluster-Flowered Climber Recurrent
  • 15 Climbing Miniature Recurrent
  • (o)16 Rambler Non-Recurrent
  • (o)17 Large-Flowered Climber Non-Recurrent
  • (o)18 Cluster-Flowered Climber Non-Recurrent
  • 19 Climbing Miniature Non-Recurrent

This plant gallery has bloom thumbnail pictures of Old Garden Roses from the World Federation of Rose Societies Rose Classes in the following classes as adopted by the British National Rose Society last century:-

  • (o)20 Alba (Shrubs)
  • (o)21 Bourbon (Shrubs)
  • 22 Boursalt (Shrub)
  • (o)23 China (Shrubs
  • (o)24 Damask (Shrubs)
  • (o)25 Gallica (Shrubs)
  • 26 Hybrid Perpetual (Shrubs)
  • (o)27 Moss (Shrubs)
  • (o)28 Portland (Shrubs)
  • (o)29 Provence (Centifolia) (Shrubs)
  • (o)30 Sweet Briar (Shrubs)
  • (o)31 Tea (Shrubs)
  • 32 Ayrshire
  • 33 Climbing Bourbon (Climbers)
  • 34 Climbing Boursalt (Climbers)
  • 35 Climbing Tea (Climbers)
  • (o)36 Noisette (Climbers)
  • (o)37 Sempervirens (Climbers) 1

This plant gallery has overall shape thumbnail pictures of Wild Roses from the World Federation of Rose Societies Rose Classes in the following classes as adopted by the British National Rose Society last century:-

  • (o)38 Wild Roses Non-Climbing
  • (o)39 Wild Roses Climbing

Thie Rose Plant 2 gallery has thumbnail pictures of rose hips with their colour:-

If you click on a thumbnail another window opens with up to 9 larger images (Flower, Foliage, Flower Bud, Old Garden Roses Group Plant Shape or Modern Roses Group shape and Hips- for Flower, Foliage, Shape and Hip pages) and the following plant description:-

  1. Plant Name
  2. Common Name
  3. Soil. They prefer fertile, humus-rich, well-drained soil like acidic sand.
  4. Sun Aspect
  5. Soil Moisture
  6. Plant Type
  7. Height x Spread in feet
  8. Foliage
  9. Flower Colour in Month(s). Hips.
  10. Comments - Form Type, Pruning Group, Native UK Plant.

The Site Map for Individual Rose Plants gives you access to the above 9 larger images and plant description for all the plants detailed in this Rose Plant Gallery in alphabetical order following the Old Garden Roses or Modern Roses Group name.

The Rose Plant 2 gallery has pictures of (o) rose flower beds with description.

Together with the Plants, Companion Planting and Offbeat Glossary sections of this website, these photographs should aid your choice of plant for your garden.

Most of this gallery photographs were provided by Chris Garnons-Williams, and others by R. V. Roger and Christine Foord.

Site design and content copyright ©November 2009.
Page structure amended in September 2012. Mail-order Nursery links updated June 2013 and again in May 2014. Flower Colour and Rose Use added to Non-RHS Bowes-Lyon Rose Garden Rose Index above in May 2014.
Format of text updated, added this table and the 343 roses table to each page Feb 2024.
Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services is not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.