androsaceflorigidakevock

androsacefolrigidakevock

androsaceforrigidakevock

Flower. Photo From D. Rankin of Kevock Garden Plants

Foliage. Photo From D. Rankin of Kevock Garden Plants

Form. Photo From D. Rankin of Kevock Garden Plants

Plant Name

Androsace rigida

Androsace is the second largest genus in the Primulaceae, and is widely cultivated by horticulturists for its dense cushions covered in white or pink flowers. It is a predominantly Arctic-alpine genus with many species in the mountains of central Asia, the Caucasus, and the southern and central European mountain systems, particularly the Alps and the Pyrenees.

Common Name

...

Soil

Sharply drained sandy soil in vertical crevices in a scree bed

Sun Aspect

Full Sun or Part Shade

Soil Moisture

Dry

Plant Type / Alpine/Alpine

Evergreen Perennial/ Alpine

Height x Spread in inches (cms)
(1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot
12 inches = 30 cms,
24 inches = 2 feet,
3 feet = 1 yard,
40 inches = 100 cms)

4 x 8 (10 x 20)

Evergreen Foliage

Overwintering rosette leaves narrowly spathulate, to 0.5 inches long. Summer leaves broadly spathulate to elliptic, recurved, to 0.5 inches long, lustrous deep green above, usually sparsely hairy and somewhat wrinkled.

Flower Colour in Month(s). Seed

5-petalled Bright Pink, in dense umbels of up to 12 on erect hairy peduncles, 0.5-1 inches tall in April-June.

Comment

Native from South-Western China, in the drier subalpine zone on open grassy slopes, in rock crevices at forest margins and also in open mossy forests. Loosely mat to open cushion-forming, in the wild sometimes up to 8 inches tall. Grows quite well outside with winter wet protection, but young growth can be frost damaged.

The easy to grow species are ideal for the rock garden and raised bed (Rock Garden FAQS). High alpine species need vertical crevices in rock work, a dry wall or scree bed conditions. Some also grow well in holes drilled in tufa rock.
Androsaces in cultivation enjoy small fissures between stones, firmly packed with pure sandy peat, or very sandy or gritty loam, not less than 15 inches deep. They should be so placed that no wet can gather or lie about them, and so planted in between stones that, once well rooted into the deep earth—all the better if mingled with pieces of broken sandstone—they never suffer from drought. It is easy to arrange rocks and soils so that, once the mass below is thoroughly moistened, ordinary drought has little effect.
Many species make excellent, if demanding pot plants for the alpine house. All species need sharply drained soil and a site in full sun or part shade. Cushion-forming species in the alpine house need good ventilation and very litle water in winter. Any dead shoots must be removed as soon as possible and there is a lot to be said for the routine application of a fungicide. Aphids can be a serious problem (hidden in the heart of the cushion) and a systemic insecticide is required.

Androsace World aims to exhibit a photograph of every known species of Androsace.

The Androsace Group is a specialist group of the Alpine Garden Society and aims to circulate information on the cultivation and naming of androsaces and on their ecology and status in the wild. It also aims to investigate the problems of preserving species and hybrids in cultivation and to take what steps it can to ensure such preservation. Publications dealing with Androsace from the Androsace Group, Scottish Rock Garden Group and the Alpine Garden Society.

Available from Kevock Garden Plants and Wrightman Alpines

Companions

 

ajugareptansvariegata2a4a

ajugareptansvariegata2a5a

androsacerigida3

Flower Bud Closed

Flower Bud Open

Flowers

ajugareptansvariegata2a7a

ajugareptansvariegata2a8a

ajugareptansvariegata2a9a

Single Leaf

Foliage

Autumn Foliage

 

Topic
Plants detailed in this website by
Botanical Name

A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R, S, T, U,
V, W, X, Y, Z ,
Bulb
A1
, 2, 3, B, C1, 2,
D, E, F, G, Glad,
H, I, J, K, L1, 2,
M, N, O, P, Q, R,
S, T, U, V, W, XYZ ,
Evergreen Perennial
A
, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R, S, T, U,
V, W, X, Y, Z ,
Herbaceous Perennial
A1
, 2, B, C, D, E, F,
G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, O, P1, 2, Q, R,
S, T, U, V, W, XYZ,
Diascia Photo Album,
UK Peony Index

Wildflower
Botanical Names,
Common Names ,

will be
compared in:- Flower colour/month
Evergreen Perennial
,
F
lower shape Wildflower Flower Shape and
Plant use
Evergreen Perennial Flower Shape,
Bee plants for hay-fever sufferers

Bee-Pollinated Index
Butterfly
Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis, Butterfly Usage
of Plants.
Chalk
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, QR, S, T, UV,
WXYZ
Companion Planting
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R , S, T,
U ,V, W, X, Y, Z,
Pest Control using Plants
Fern Fern
1000 Ground Cover A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R, S, T, U,
V, W, XYZ ,
Rock Garden and Alpine Flowers
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M,
NO, PQ, R, S, T,
UVWXYZ

Rose Rose Use

These 5 have Page links in rows below
Bulbs from the Infill Galleries (next row), Camera Photos,
Plant Colour Wheel Uses,
Sense of Fragrance, Wild Flower


Case Studies
...Drive Foundations
Ryegrass and turf kills plants within Roadstone and in Topsoil due to it starving and dehydrating them.
CEDAdrive creates stable drive surface and drains rain into your ground, rather than onto the public road.
8 problems caused by building house on clay or with house-wall attached to clay.
Pre-building work on polluted soil.

Companion Planting
to provide a Companion Plant to aid your selected plant or deter its pests

Garden
Construction

with ground drains

Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed
Borders

......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
......Camera photos of Plant supports
Garden
Maintenance

Glossary with a tomato teaching cauliflowers
Home
Library of over 1000 books
Offbeat Glossary with DuLally Bird in its flower clock.

Plants
...in Chalk
(Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy
Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Lime-Free
(Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Light
Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z.
...Poisonous Plants.
...Extra Plant Pages
with its 6 Plant Selection Levels

Soil
...
Interaction between 2 Quartz Sand Grains to make soil
...
How roots of plants are in control in the soil
...
Without replacing Soil Nutrients, the soil will break up to only clay, sand or silt
...
Subsidence caused by water in Clay
...
Use water ring for trees/shrubs for first 2 years.

Tool Shed with 3 kneeling pads
Useful Data with benefits of Seaweed

Topic -
Plant Photo Galleries
If the plant type below has flowers, then the first gallery will include the flower thumbnail in each month of 1 of 6 colour comparison pages of each plant in its subsidiary galleries, as a low-level Plant Selection Process

Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape

Bulb
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus with its 40 Flower Colours
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......European Non-classified
......American A,
B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, O, P, Q, R, S,
T, U, V, W, XYZ
......American Non-classified
......Australia - empty
......India
......Lithuania
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil


Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs
...Aconitum
...Allium
...Alstroemeria
...Anemone

...Amaryllis
...Anthericum
...Antholyzas
...Apios
...Arisaema
...Arum
...Asphodeline

...Asphodelus
...Belamcanda
...Bloomeria
...Brodiaea
...Bulbocodium

...Calochorti
...Cyclobothrias
...Camassia
...Colchicum
...Convallaria 
...Forcing Lily of the Valley
...Corydalis
...Crinum
...Crosmia
...Montbretia
...Crocus

...Cyclamen
...Dicentra
...Dierama
...Eranthis
...Eremurus
...Erythrnium
...Eucomis

...Fritillaria
...Funkia
...Galanthus
...Galtonia
...Gladiolus
...Hemerocallis

...Hyacinth
...Hyacinths in Pots
...Scilla
...Puschkinia
...Chionodoxa
...Chionoscilla
...Muscari

...Iris
...Kniphofia
...Lapeyrousia
...Leucojum

...Lilium
...Lilium in Pots
...Malvastrum
...Merendera
...Milla
...Narcissus
...Narcissi in Pots

...Ornithogalum
...Oxalis
...Paeonia
...Ranunculus
...Romulea
...Sanguinaria
...Sternbergia
...Schizostylis
...Tecophilaea
...Trillium

...Tulip
...Zephyranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs
...Acidanthera
...Albuca
...Alstroemeri
...Andro-stephium
...Bassers
...Boussing-aultias
...Bravoas
...Cypellas
...Dahlias
...Galaxis,
...Geissorhizas
...Hesperanthas

...Gladioli
...Ixias
...Sparaxises
...Babianas
...Morphixias
...Tritonias

...Ixiolirions
...Moraeas
...Ornithogalums
...Oxalises
...Phaedra-nassas
...Pancratiums
...Tigridias
...Zephyranthes
...Cooperias

Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Green-house or Stove:-
...Achimenes
...Alocasias
...Amorpho-phalluses
...Arisaemas
...Arums
...Begonias
...Bomareas
...Caladiums

...Clivias
...Colocasias
...Crinums
...Cyclamens
...Cyrtanthuses
...Eucharises
...Urceocharis
...Eurycles

...Freesias
...Gloxinias
...Haemanthus
...Hippeastrums

...Lachenalias
...Nerines
...Lycorises
...Pencratiums
...Hymenocallises
...Richardias
...Sprekelias
...Tuberoses
...Vallotas
...Watsonias
...Zephyranthes

...Plant Bedding in
......Spring

......Summer
...Bulb houseplants flowering during:-
......January
......February
......March
......April
......May
......June
......July
......August
......September
......October
......November
......December
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
......Dec-Jan
......Feb-Mar
......Apr-May
......Jun-Aug
......Sep-Oct
......Nov-Dec
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection

Climber in
3 Sector Vertical Plant System
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evergreen
...Heather Shrub
...Heather Index
......Andromeda
......Bruckenthalia
......Calluna
......Daboecia
......Erica: Carnea
......Erica: Cinerea
......Erica: Others
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evergreen
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous
Perennial

...P -Herbaceous
...Peony
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron

Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use - page links in row 6. Rose, RHS Wisley and Other Roses rose indices on each Rose Use page
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Pruning Methods
Photo Index
R 1, 2, 3
Peter Beales Roses
RV Roger
Roses

Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable
Wild Flower and
Butterfly page links are in next row

Topic -
UK Butterfly:-
...Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly Usage
of Plants.
...Plant Usage by
Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly.

Both native wildflowers and cultivated plants, with these
...Flower Shape,
...
Uses in USA,
...
Uses in UK and
...
Flo Cols / month are used by Butter-flies native in UK


Wild Flower
with its wildflower flower colour page, space,
data page(s).
...Blue Site Map.
Scented Flower, Foliage, Root.
Story of their Common Names.
Use of Plant with Flowers.
Use for Non-Flowering Plants.
Edible Plant Parts.
Flower Legend.
Flowering plants of
Chalk and
Limestone 1
, 2.
Flowering plants of Acid Soil
1.
...Brown Botanical Names.
Food for
Butterfly/Moth.

...Cream Common Names.
Coastal and Dunes.
Sandy Shores and Dunes.
...Green Broad-leaved Woods.
...Mauve Grassland - Acid, Neutral, Chalk.
...Multi-Cols Heaths and Moors.
...Orange Hedge-rows and Verges.
...Pink A-G Lakes, Canals and Rivers.
...Pink H-Z Marshes, Fens, Bogs.
...Purple Old Buildings and Walls.
...Red Pinewoods.
...White A-D
Saltmarshes.
Shingle Beaches, Rocks and Cliff Tops.
...White E-P Other.
...White Q-Z Number of Petals.
...Yellow A-G
Pollinator.
...Yellow H-Z
Poisonous Parts.
...Shrub/Tree River Banks and other Freshwater Margins. and together with cultivated plants in
Colour Wheel.

You know its
name:-
a-h, i-p, q-z,
Botanical Names, or Common Names,
habitat:-
on
Acid Soil,
on
Calcareous
(Chalk) Soil
,
on
Marine Soil,
on
Neutral Soil,
is a
Fern,
is a
Grass,
is a
Rush,
is a
Sedge, or
is
Poisonous.

Each plant in each WILD FLOWER FAMILY PAGE will have a link to:-
1) its created Plant Description Page in its Common Name column, then external sites:-
2) to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name column,
3) to see photos in its Flowering Months column and
4) to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.
Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
Arrow-Grass
Arum
Balsam
Bamboo
Barberry
Bedstraw
Beech
Bellflower
Bindweed
Birch
Birds-Nest
Birthwort
Bogbean
Bog Myrtle
Borage
Box
Broomrape
Buckthorn
Buddleia
Bur-reed
Buttercup
Butterwort
Cornel (Dogwood)
Crowberry
Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
Daffodil
Daisy
Daisy Cudweeds
Daisy Chamomiles
Daisy Thistle
Daisy Catsears Daisy Hawkweeds
Daisy Hawksbeards
Daphne
Diapensia
Dock Bistorts
Dock Sorrels
Clubmoss
Duckweed
Eel-Grass
Elm
Filmy Fern
Horsetail
Polypody
Quillwort
Royal Fern
Figwort - Mulleins
Figwort - Speedwells
Flax
Flowering-Rush
Frog-bit
Fumitory
Gentian
Geranium
Glassworts
Gooseberry
Goosefoot
Grass 1
Grass 2
Grass 3
Grass Soft
Bromes 1

Grass Soft
Bromes 2

Grass Soft
Bromes 3

Hazel
Heath
Hemp
Herb-Paris
Holly
Honeysuckle
Horned-Pondweed
Hornwort
Iris
Ivy
Jacobs Ladder
Lily
Lily Garlic
Lime
Lobelia
Loosestrife
Mallow
Maple
Mares-tail
Marsh Pennywort
Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
Mesem-bryanthemum
Mignonette
Milkwort
Mistletoe
Moschatel
Naiad
Nettle
Nightshade
Oleaster
Olive
Orchid 1
Orchid 2
Orchid 3
Orchid 4
Parnassus-Grass
Peaflower
Peaflower
Clover 1

Peaflower
Clover 2

Peaflower
Clover 3

Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
Pink 1
Pink 2
Pipewort
Pitcher-Plant
Plantain
Pondweed
Poppy
Primrose
Purslane
Rannock Rush
Reedmace
Rockrose
Rose 1
Rose 2
Rose 3
Rose 4
Rush
Rush Woodrushes
Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
Sandalwood
Saxifrage
Seaheath
Sea Lavender
Sedge Rush-like
Sedges Carex 1
Sedges Carex 2
Sedges Carex 3
Sedges Carex 4
Spindle-Tree
Spurge
Stonecrop
Sundew
Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
Teasel
Thyme 1
Thyme 2
Umbellifer 1
Umbellifer 2
Valerian
Verbena
Violet
Water Fern
Waterlily
Water Milfoil
Water Plantain
Water Starwort
Waterwort
Willow
Willow-Herb
Wintergreen
Wood-Sorrel
Yam
Yew


Topic -
The following is a complete hierarchical Plant Selection Process

dependent on the Garden Style chosen
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index


Topic -
Flower/Foliage Colour Wheel Galleries with number of colours as a high-level Plant Selection Process

All Flowers 53 with
...Use of Plant and
Flower Shape
- page links in bottom row

All Foliage 53
instead of redundant
...(All Foliage 212)


All Flowers
per Month 12


Bee instead of wind pollinated plants for hay-fever sufferers
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers
per Month
12
...Index

Rock Garden and Alpine Flowers
Rock Plant Flowers 53
INDEX
A, B, C, D, E, F,
G, H, I, J, K, L,
M, NO, PQ, R, S,
T, UVWXYZ
...Rock Plant Photos

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours
per Month Index

...All Plants Index


Topic -
Use of Plant in your Plant Selection Process

Plant Colour Wheel Uses
with
1. Perfect general use soil is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand, and
2. Why you are continually losing the SOIL STRUCTURE so your soil - will revert to clay, chalk, sand or silt.
Uses of Plant and Flower Shape:-
...Foliage Only
...Other than Green Foliage
...Trees in Lawn
...Trees in Small Gardens
...Wildflower Garden
...Attract Bird
...Attract Butterfly
1
, 2
...Climber on House Wall
...Climber not on House Wall
...Climber in Tree
...Rabbit-Resistant
...Woodland
...Pollution Barrier
...Part Shade
...Full Shade
...Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
1
, 2, 3
...Ground-Cover
<60
cm
60-180cm
>180cm
...Hedge
...Wind-swept
...Covering Banks
...Patio Pot
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border
...Poisonous
...Adjacent to Water
...Bog Garden
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Winter-Flowering
...Fragrant
...Not Fragrant
...Exhibition
...Standard Plant is 'Ball on Stick'
...Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves
...Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal
...Coastal Conditions
...Tolerant on North-facing Wall
...Cut Flower
...Potted Veg Outdoors
...Potted Veg Indoors
...Thornless
...Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
...Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F, G-L, M-R,
S-Z
...Grow in Acidic Soil
...Grow in Any Soil
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Grow Bulbs Indoors

Uses of Bedding
...Bedding Out
...Filling In
...Screen-ing
...Pots and Troughs
...Window Boxes
...Hanging Baskets
...Spring Bedding
...Summer Bedding
...Winter Bedding
...Foliage instead of Flower
...Coleus Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain 1

Uses of Bulb
...Other than Only Green Foliage
...Bedding or Mass Planting
...Ground-Cover
...Cut-Flower
...Tolerant of Shade
...In Woodland Areas
...Under-plant
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Covering Banks
...In Water
...Beside Stream or Water Garden
...Coastal Conditions
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border or Back-ground Plant
...Fragrant Flowers
...Not Fragrant Flowers
...Indoor
House-plant

...Grow in a Patio Pot
...Grow in an Alpine Trough
...Grow in an Alpine House
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Speciman Plant
...Into Native Plant Garden
...Naturalize in Grass
...Grow in Hanging Basket
...Grow in Window-box
...Grow in Green-house
...Grow in Scree
...Naturalized Plant Area
...Grow in Cottage Garden
...Attracts Butterflies
...Attracts Bees
...Resistant to Wildlife
...Bulb in Soil:-
......Chalk
......Clay
......Sand
......Lime-Free (Acid)
......Peat

Uses of Rose
Rose Index

...Bedding 1, 2
...Climber /Pillar
...Cut-Flower 1, 2
...Exhibition, Speciman
...Ground-Cover
...Grow In A Container 1, 2
...Hedge 1, 2
...Climber in Tree
...Woodland
...Edging Borders
...Tolerant of Poor Soil 1, 2
...Tolerant of Shade
...Back of Border
...Adjacent to Water
...Page for rose use as ARCH ROSE, PERGOLA ROSE, COASTAL CONDITIONS ROSE, WALL ROSE, STANDARD ROSE, COVERING BANKS or THORNLESS ROSES.
...FRAGRANT ROSES
...NOT FRAGRANT ROSES


Topic -
Camera Photo Galleries showing all 4000 x 3000 pixels of each photo on your screen that you can then click and drag it to your desktop as part of a Plant Selection Process:-

RHS Garden at Wisley

Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year. Pages
1
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
,
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.

Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, Index

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1

with Plant Supports
1, 5, 10
Plants
2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
2
,
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall

Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden

Roses Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger

Roses - Pages
A1,A2,A3,A4,A5,
A6,A7,A8,A9,A10,
A11,A12,A13,A14,
B15,
B16,B17,B18,B19,
B20,
B21,B22,B23,B24,
B25,
B26,B27,B28,B29,
B30,
C31,C32,C33,C34,
C35,
C36,C37,C38,C39,
C40,
C41,CD2,D43,D44,
D45,
D46,D47,D48,D49,
E50,
E51,E52,F53,F54,
F55,
F56,F57,G58,G59,
H60,
H61,I62,K63,L64,
M65,
M66,N67,P68,P69,
P70,
R71,R72,S73,S74,
T75,
V76,Z77, 78,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54,
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
38, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166

Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Identity of Plants
Label Problems - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11

Ron and Christine Foord - 1036 photos only inserted so far - Garden Flowers - Start Page of each Gallery
AB1 ,AN14,BA27,
CH40,CR52,DR63,
FR74,GE85,HE96,

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens - 1187
A 1, 2, Photos - 43
B 1, Photos - 13
C 1, Photos - 35
D 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
Photos - 411
with Plants causing damage to buildings in Chilham Village and Damage to Trees in Pavements of Funchal
E 1, Photos - 21
F 1, Photos - 1
G 1, Photos - 5
H 1, Photos - 21
I 1, Photos - 8
J 1, Photos - 1
K 1, Photos - 1
L 1, Photos - 85
with Label Problems
M 1, Photos - 9
N 1, Photos - 12
O 1, Photos - 5
P 1, Photos - 54
Q 1, Photos -
R 1, 2, 3,
Photos - 229
S 1, Photos - 111
T 1, Photos - 13
U 1, Photos - 5
V 1, Photos - 4
W 1, Photos - 100
with Work Done by Chris Garnons-Williams
X 1 Photos -
Y 1, Photos -
Z 1 Photos -
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens - 88
Flower Colour, Num of Petals, Shape and
Plant Use of:-
Rock Garden
within linked page


Topic -
Fragrant Plants as a Plant Selection Process for your sense of smell:-

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2


Topic -
Website User Guidelines


My Gas Service Engineer found Flow and Return pipes incorrectly positioned on gas boilers and customers had refused to have positioning corrected in 2020.

EVERGREEN PERENNIAL FLOWER SHAPE in Royal Blue -
WILDFLOWER FLOWER SHAPE in Blue -
Click on Text link

Number of Flower Petals

lessershape1meadowrue1

cosmoscflobipinnatuspuritygarnonswilliams1

irishcflobladderwort1

ajugacflo1genevensisfoord2

aethionemacfloarmenumfoord2

anemonecflo1hybridafoord2

anemonecflo1blandafoord2

Petal-less
Petal-less

1
1

2
2

3
3

4
4 and could be cross-shaped

5
5

Above 5
Above 5

 

Flower Shape - Simple

anthericumcfloliliagofoord2

argemonecflomexicanaflowermissouriplants1

geraniumcinereumballerinaflot9b

paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1

magnoliagrandifloracflogarnonswilliams1

acantholinumcflop99glumaceumfoord1b

stachysflotmacrantha1

Stars
Stars

Bowls
Bowls

Cups and Saucers

Globes
Globes

Goblets and Chalices

Trumpets
Trumpet

Funnels
Funnels

campanulacochlearifoliapusillacflofoord1

clematiscflodiversifoliagarnonswilliams1

Ericacarneaspringwoodwhitecflogarnonswilliams1

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1

 

 

 

Bells
Bells

Thimbles
Thimbles

Urns
Urns

Salver-form
Salver-form

 

 

 

 

Flower Shape - Elab--orated

prunellaflotgrandiflora1

aquilegiacfloformosafoord1

lilliumcflomartagonrvroger1

laburnumcflowaterivossiistandardpage1

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1

scabiosacflo1columbariawikimediacommons1

melancholycflothistle1

Tubes, Lips and Straps

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Hats, Hoods and Helmets

Stan-dards , Wings and Keels

Discs and Florets

Pin-Cushions

Tufts
Tufts

androsacecforyargongensiskevock2

androsacecflorigidakevock2

argyranthemumfloc1madeiracrestedyellow1

agapanthuscflosafricanusbluekevock1

 

 

Flower stem termin-ating with
a Single Flower

Cushion
Cushion

Umbel
Umbel

Buttons
Buttons

Pompom
Pompom

 

 

 

Natural Arrange--ments

bergeniamorningredcforcoblands2

ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea2

morinacfloslongifoliapershape1

eremuruscflo1bungeipershapefoord1

amaranthuscflos1caudatuswikimediacommons1

clematiscformontanaontrellisfoord1

androsacecfor1albanakevock1

Bunches, Posies and Sprays

Columns, Spikes and Spires

Whorls, Tiers and Candle-labra

Plumes and Tails

Chains and Tassels

Cloud, Garland and Cascade

Spheres, Domes and Plates

 


The process below provides a uniform method for
comparing every plant detailed in the following galleries with
the ones already compared in the relevant plant gallery
from the last list of plant galleries in this cell:-

These are the galleries that will provide the plants to be added to their own Extra Index Pages

 

 

The following Extra Index of Evergreen Perennials is created on the right hand side of the page in the P-Evergreen M-Z Gallery, to which the Evergreen Perennial found in the above list will have that row copied to.
The following also contains the Index of Evergreen Perennials on the left hand side of the respective page.
The Header Row for the Extra Indices pages is the same as used in the 1000 Ground Cover
A of Plants Topic:-
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R, S, T, U,
V, W, X, Y, Z ,

 

 

Having transferred the Extra Index row entry to the relevant Extra Index row for the same type of plant in a gallery below; then
its flower or foliage thumbnail will be compared per month in that relevant gallery:-

 


Landscaping with Perennials by Emily Brown. 5th printing 1989 by Timber Press. ISBN 0-88192-063-0
for planting sites for perennials, which include most plant types except Annuals and Biennials.

Perennials & Ephemerals chapter of Plants for Dry Gardens by Jane Taylor. Published by Frances Lincoln Limited in 1993. ISBN 0-7112-0772-0 for plants that are drought tolerant.
 

Woodland Site

Shady Places
Site

Rock
Garden in Sun
Site.
In Shade Site.

Planting on a Sloping Site

Bog Site

Large Perennial Site

Cut Flower Site

Outdoor Room
Site

Strip
Site

Plans for Beds and Borders
Site

Beds
Site

Borders Site

Plant Roots only get their nutrients and water by being associated with
Mycorrhizal Fungi. Fungi have no access to water, plant dies.

Long Bloomers

White Flower Colour

Blue or Almost Blue Flower Colour

Lavender Flower Colour

Lavender, called Blue Flower Colour

Yellow Flower Colour

Orange Flower Colour

Pink Flower Colour

Red & Scarlet Flower Colour

Maroon Flower Colour

Flowering Stem between 24-48 inches (60-120 cms)

Flowering Stem over 48 inches (120 cms)

Bloom by Season
Jan-Feb

Bloom by Season
Mar-Apr

 

Bloom by Season
May-Jun

Bloom by Season
Jul-Aug

Bloom by Season
Sep-Dec

Foliage
Blue-Green

Foliage Grey-Green

Foliage Grey

Foliage Varie-gated

 

Foliage Height
1-7 inches (2.5-17.5 cms)

Foliage Height
8-23 inches (20-57.5 cms)

Foliage Height
24- inches
(60 and over cms)

Foliage
Bold

Foliage Finely Cut, Delicate or Compound
+
Finely Cut

Foliage Aromatic

 

Perennials for Ground Covering in the Full Sun
+
1, 2

Perennials for Ground Covering in Shade

and 3

 

Long Lived

Bulbs to Combine with Perennials including Corms

Grasses to Grow with Perennials

Subshrubs to Grow with Perennials

Annuals to Use with Perennials

Herbs for Decoration as well as Culinary

 

Annuals, Biennials and Perennials to grow Annually

Perennials which Self Sow

Neat Growers - Good for Beds

 

Perennials which prefer Moisture

Perennials which do best on Margins of Water

Perennials which are Drought Tolerant

Perennials which tolerate Dense Shade

Perennials for Poor Soil, Full Sun

Tough Perennials (or easy Maint-enance)


Alpines without a Garden by Lawrence D. Hills. Published by Faber and Faber Limited in 1953 for cultivation of alpines in pans, troughs and window-boxes, particularly in towns, for gardeners who have only windw-sills or verandas, or flat roof spaces.

Colour All The Year in My Garden by C.H. Middleton. Published by Ward, Lock & Co. for culture.

Perennials The Gardener's Reference by Susan Carter, Carrie Becker and Bob Lilly. Published by Timber Press in 2007 for plants for Special Gardens. It also gives details of species and cultivars for each genus.
 

Evergreen Perennial Form

Mat-forming

Prostrate or Trailing.

Climbing

Cushion or Mound-forming

Spreading or Creeping

Clump-forming

Stemless. Sword-shaped Leaves

Erect or Upright.

Arching

Evergreen Perennial Use

Other than Only Green Foliage +
1, 2

Bedding or Mass Planting

Ground-Cover

In Water

Coastal Conditions
+
Coastal

Speciman Plant

Under-plant

Indoor House-plant

Grow in an Alpine House

Grow in Hanging Basket +
Basket

Grow in Window-box

Grow in Green-house

Fragrant Flowers

Not Fragrant Flowers

Attracts Butter-flies
+ Butterfly Usage
of Plants

Attracts Bees +
1, 2, 3
and Forage Calendar

Grow in Scree

Grow in a Patio Pot

Grow in an Alpine Trough +

Rock Plant

Edging Borders

Back of Border or Back-ground Plant

Into Native Plant Garden

Naturalize in Grass

Natural-ized Plant Area

Resistant to Wildlife

 

Early Spring Border Special Garden

Spring Epheme-rals Special Garden

Summer Border Special Garden

Cottage Garden Special Garden

Late Summer Border Special Garden

Autumn Border Special Garden

Shade Border and Woodland Garden Special Garden

Back of Border, Alley, and Too Tall for Words Special Garden

Meadow Garden Special Garden

Evergreen Perennial in Soil

Chalk +
A-F, A-F,
A-F, G-L,
M-R, S-Z

Clay +

A-F, G-L,
M-R, S-Z

Sand +
A-F, A-F,
A-F, G-L,
M-R, S-Z

Lime-Free (Acid) +
A-F, A-F,
A-F, G-L,
M-R, S-Z

Peat +

A-F, G-L,
M-R, S-Z

Any +

A-F, G-L, M-R, S-Z

+ Evergreen Perennials in Pages in Plants

Peony Use
of Peonies in

UK Peony Index

Fragrant Flowers

Flower Arrangers

Hedge

Growing Tree Peonies in Pots

Front of Border

Rest of Border

Not Green Foliage

Rock Garden

Seaside / Coastal

Tree

PERENNIAL - EVERGREEN GALLERY PAGES

FLOWER COLOUR
(o)Blue
Orange
(o)Other Colours
(o)Red
(o)Pink
(o)White
(o)Yellow

FOLIAGE COLOUR
Black
Blue
(o)Brown
(o)Bronze
(o)Green1
(o)Green2
(o)Grey
(o)Purple
(o)Red
(o)Silver
(o)Variegated White
Variegated Yellow
White
Yellow
Autumn Colour
4 Season Colour

FORM
(o)Mat-forming
(o)Prostrate
(o)Mound-forming
(o)Spreading
(o)Clump-forming
Stemless
(o)Upright
Climbing
Arching

FRUIT COLOUR
(o)Fruit

FLOWER BED PICTURES
(o)Garden

EVERGREEN PERENNIAL A-L GALLERY PAGES

Site Map of pages with content (o)

Introduction

 

scabiosashapecolumbaria1Pincushions - The pincushions of plants such as scabious (Scabiosa columbaria from BritishFlora) are in reality compound flowerheads, with a dome of central florets surrounded by larger florets.

 

7 Flower Colours per Month in Colour Wheel below in this EVERGREEN PERENNIAL Gallery.

Click on Black or White box in Colour of Month.

colormonth9a9a

I have updated the plant type and plant use for the Evergreen Perennials by February 2023,

then, I will continue to insert all the 1000 Groundcover Plants as indicated by
"Ground Cover from PLANTS" from
GROUNDCOVER PLANT DETAIL Plant Selection Level 5 Plant Name - A Index using
'Ground Cover a thousand beautiful plants for difficult places' by John Cushnie
ISBN 1 85626 326 6
into the Colour Wheel comparison pages above of EVERGREEN PERENNIAL Gallery in Brown.

followed by continuing to insert all the plants with flowers from Camera Photo Galleries as indicated by
"
Plant with Photo Index" from
Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens
- 1187 A 1, 2, Index
into the Colour Wheel comparison pages above of EVERGREEN PERENNIAL Gallery in Blue
having started in January 2023.

Next, I will continue to insert all the plants planted in chalk as indicated by
"
from Chalk Garden" from
GARDEN CONSTRUCTION Index (once all those pages have been completed) using
'A Chalk Garden' by F C Stern. Published by Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd in 1960
into the Colour Wheel Comparison Pages above of EVERGREEN PERENNIAL Gallery in black.

then the following plants shall be added from

  • Aquatic,
  • Bamboo,
  • Bedding,
  • Bulb - starting in February 2023,
  • Climber,
  • Conifer,
  • Deciduous Shrub,
  • Deciduous Tree,
  • Evergreen Shrub,
  • Evergreen Tree,
  • Fern,
  • Grass,
  • Hedging,
  • Herbaceous Perennial,
  • Herb,
  • Odds and Sods,
  • Rhododendron,
  • Rose,
  • Soft Fruit,
  • Top Fruit,
  • Vegetable and
  • Wildflower


finally - I am inserting these from February 2023, I will continue to insert all the plants
from the following book on planting sites for perennials, which include most plant types except Annuals and Biennials. She is writing about perennials for use in America.
into the Landscaping List Pages of this Wildflower Shape Gallery and
into the Colour Wheel Comparison Pages above of EVERGREEN PERENNIAL Gallery in royal blue.

Landscaping with Perennials by Emily Brown. 5th printing 1989 by Timber Press. ISBN 0-88192-063-0.

Evergreen Perennials Height from Text Border in this Gallery

Brown =
0-12 inches (0-30 cms)

Blue =
12-24 inches
(30-60 cms)

Green =
24-36 inches
(60-90 cms)

Red =
36-72 inches
(90-180 cms)

Black =
72+ inches
(180+ cms)

Evergreen Perennials Soil Moisture from Text Background in this Gallery

 

Wet Soil

Moist Soil

Dry Soil

The Plant Height Border in this Gallery has changed from :-
Blue = 0-2 feet (0-24 inches), Green = 2-6 feet (24-72 inches), Red = 6+ feet (72+ inches) to

  • Brown = 0-12 inches (0-30 cms)
  • Blue = 12-24 inches (30-60 cms)
  • Green = 24-36 inches (60-90 cms)
  • Red = 36-72 inches (90-180 cms)
  • Black = 72+ inches (180+ cms)

Flowering months range abreviates month to its first 3 letters (Apr-Jun is April, May and June).
Click on thumbnail to change this comparison page to the Plant Description Page of the Evergreen Perennial named in the Text box below that photo.

The Comments Row of that Evergreen Perennial Description Page details where that Evergreen Perennial is available from.

 

EVERGREEN PERENNIAL INDEX

Evergreen Perennial Name.

Alpine Evergreen Perennial if Text Background is Blue

Flower Colour

Flower Thumb-nail

Flowering Months

/ Form

Height x Spread in inches (cms)
(1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot
12 inches = 30 cms,
24 inches = 2 feet,
3 feet = 1 yard,
40 inches = 100 cms)

Foliage Colour

Comments

A

Acaena buchananii

Yellow

See large photo on
Foord Garden Flowers Page 1

acaenacflobuchananiifoord

July, August

Mat-Forming

1.2 x 16
(3 x 40)

Grey-Green
acaenacfol1buchananiifoord

Plant in crevices of paving stones, in walls, on banks and slopes as a ground cover, in pale coloured gravel, in a Rock Garden or Containers at 12" spacing.

Acaena inermis
'Purpurea'

Brownish-Green , then click on plant name for photo

Photo required

July, August

Mat-Forming

5 x 12-36
(13 x 30-90)

Purple-brown to
pale olive
acaenacfolinermispurpureakevock

A fantastic small scale evergreen groundcover with leaves shaded in deep purple/red.

Acaena magellanica
georgia-australis

Brownish-Green

Photo required

July, August

Mat-Forming

5 x 12-36
(13 x 30-90)

Grey-Green
acaenacfolmagellanicageorgiaaustraliskevock

Leaves that reach 2 inches in length with 11-15 tiny, light grey-green deeply blunt toothed leaflets

Acaena microphylla

Black

acaenacflomicrophyllafoord

July, August

Mat-Forming

2-4 x 24
(5-10 x 60)

Green
acaenacfolmicrophyllafoord

Native from montane river gravels with grassland and herbfield in North Island, New Zealand. The spiny burrs (fruit) may be a nuisance to pets and sheep.

Acantholimon
glumaceum

Pink and Purple
 

acantholinumcflop99glumaceumfoord1

July

acantholimoncforglumaceumfoord
Mat-Forming

3 x 6-12
(8 x 15-30)

Mid to Dark Green
acantholimoncfolglumaceumfoord

Only Acantholimon glumaceum and Acantholimon venustum (1993) have generally proved themselves reliable in the open, requiring sharp drainage and either a scree or a vertical crevice or dry wall facing South or West. It is best to put young plants in their permanent positions and leave them undisturbed thereafter.

Acantholimon
venustum

Pink

acantholimoncflo1venustumfoord

July, August,
September

acantholimoncforvenustumfoord
Cushion

6 x 12
(15 x 30)

Blue-Grey to Grey-Green
acantholimoncfolvenustumfoord

Achillea chrysocoma

Bright Yellow

achilleacflochrysocomafoord

July

achilleacforchrysocomafoord
Clump-Forming

8-12 x 12
(20-30 x 30)

Green
achilleacfolchrysocomafoord

Excellent cut flower in fresh or dry arrangements. To dry, cut and hang upside down in a dark area with good ventilation.

Aethionema
armenum

Pink, sometimes white,
veined
 

aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1

May, June, July

aethionemacforarmenumfoord
Cushion

4-8 x 18
(10-20 x 45)

Blue-Grey
aethionemacfolarmenumfoord

Ideal for the rock garden, bedded in gravel, raised bed, trained up a dry wall or pot plant in the Alpine House. Plant with Arenaria montana, Aster alpinus 'Pinkie' and Campanula portenschlagiana

Aethionema
grandiflorum

Pink

 

aethionemacflograndiflorumkevock

May, June, July,
August

aethionemacforgrandiflorumkevock
Spreading

12-18 x 18
(30-45 x 45)

Grey-Green
aethionemacfolgrandiflorumkevock

Aethionema
'Warley Rose'

Pink
 

aethionemacflowarleyrosekevock

May, June, July,
August

aethionemacfloswarleyrosekevock
Mat-Forming

4-6 x 20 (10-15 x 50)

Blue-Grey

Agapanthus
africanus blue

Deep Blue

agapanthuscfloafricanusbluefoord

July, August,
September

agapanthuscflosafricanusbluefoord1
Clump-Forming

32 x 18
(80 x 45)

Light Green
agapanthuscfolafricanusbluefoord

Excellent cut flower. Contrasts well with yellow flowers. Easily combined with kniphofia, crocosmia, phygelius, potentilla, iris and tropical foliage.

Agapanthus
africanus 'Albus'

White
 

agapanthuscfloalbuskevock

July, August,
September

agapanthuscflosalbuskevock1
Clump-Forming

24-36 x 24
(60-90 x 60)

Dark Green
agapanthuscfolalbuskevock

Excellent cut flower. Combine with Echinops ritro 'Veitch's Blue' and Hemerocallis 'Pink Damask'. Plants for pest control against slugs and snails in Companion Planting.

Ajuga genevensis

Violet-blue, can be
pink or white

ajugacflo1genevensisfoord

May, June

ajugacforgenevensisfoord
Mat-Forming

8-10 x 24 (20-25 X 60)

Dark Green
ajugacfolgenevensisfoord

Mat-forming plant that grows on the edges of dry woods, as well as in thickets and grasslands. Combine Ajuga with pink, pale blue and mauve flowers.

Ajuga pyramidalis
'Arctic Fox'

Violet-blue, can be
pink or white

Photo required

April, May, June

Mat-forming and slowly Spreading

6 x 6
(15 x 45)

Cream leaves with Dark Green margin
ajugacfolpyramidalisarcticfoxkevock

A good edge-softener for polygonatum, Coreopsis verticillata 'Moonbeam', Hosta 'Sum and Substance', bronze fennel, ornamental grasses, iris, lysimachia nummularia 'Aurea', round bulbs, under fruit trees, alongside woodland paths or in the shady border.

Ajuga reptans
 

Dark Blue

centaurea montana flower

May, June

ajugareptanscforkevock1
Mat-Forming

6 x 30
(15 x 75)

Dark Green

Partner with late narcissi, soft yellow primroses (Primula veris), cowslips, ornamental comfrey (Symphytum ibericum), Lenten Rose (Helleborus x hybridus), Chionodoxa forbesii 'Pink Giant', Dianthus Allwoodii Alpinus Group, Erysimum hieraciifolium, Iris pallida 'Argentea Variegata', Tulipa clusiana var. chrysantha.
Then later,
with autumn crocuses, colchicums (colchicum agrippinum) and Origanum vulgare 'Aureum'.

Ajuga reptans
'Atropurpurea'

Dark Blue

ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea

April, May, June

ajugaforreptansatropurpurea1
Mat-Forming

6 x 36
(15 x 90)

Reddish-Purple

Ajuga reptans
'Braunherz'

Light Blue

ajugareptansbraunherzcflocoblands

May, June

ajugareptansbraunherzcforcoblands1
Mat-Forming

3.5 x 30
(9 x 75)

Purple with Bronze tint
ajugareptansbraunherzcfolcoblands1

Ajuga reptans
'Burgundy Glow
'

Dark Blue

Photo required

May, June
 

6 x 30
(15 x 75)

Silver-Green, flushed Red
calluna vulgaris cuprea foliage

Ajuga reptans
'Catlin's Giant
'

Deep Blue

ajugareptanscatlinsgiantcflorvroger

May, June

ajugareptanscatlinsgiantcforrvroger1
Mat-Forming

8 x 15
(20 x 38)

Bronze-Purple
ajugareptanscatlinsgiantcfolrvroger1

A good edge-softener for Polygonatum, Coreopsis verticillata 'Moonbeam', Hebe pinguifolia 'Pagei', Hosta 'Sum and Substance', bronze-foliaged Fennel, Ornamental Grasses, Iris and Lysimachia nummularia 'Aurea'. Use under fruit trees with bulbs. Also useful as a groundcover between larger perennials and shrubs.

Ajuga reptans
'Rainbow'

Dark Blue

centaurea montana flower

May, June

ajugareptansrainbowcforkevock1
Mat-Forming

4.75 x 30
(12 x 75)

Variegated Bronze-Green, Cream and Pink
ajugareptansrainbowcfol2kevock1

Ajuga reptans
'Valfredda'

Dark Blue

Photo required

May, June

ajugareptansvalfreddacforkevock1
Mat-Forming

4.75 x 30
(12 x 75)

Chocolate-Brown
ajugareptansvalfreddacfolkevock1

Ajuga reptans
'Variegata'

Dark Blue
 

ajugacfloreptansvariegata

April, May, June

ajugacfforreptansvariegata
Mat-Forming

6 x 24
(15 x 60)

Grey-Green leaves margined and splashed Cream
ajugafolreptansvariegata1

Alyssum montanum

Golden Yellow

alyssumflo1montanumfoord

June

alyssumfortmontanumflowermay84a
Mat-Forming
 

6 x 18
(15 x 45)

Grey
alyssumfoltmontanumflowermay84a

Alpine House Cultivation Alyssum do well in Compost A (Equal parts of loam, leafmould and sand. This is a suitable mixture for plants which require a light, open, porous soil with good drainage. A good mixture for troughs in a sheltered position in part shade.) over good drainage. They need
1) a ample amount of water in spring and summer,
2) from September to April give only enough water to keep the compost dry but not from becoming arid in winter.

Alyssum saxatile

Bright Yellow

alyssumflosaxatilefoord

April, May, June

alyssumcforsaxatilefoord
Mat-Forming

12 x 36
(30 x 90)

Grey-White
alyssumcfolsaxatilefoord

Anchusa cespitosa

Deep bright blue

anchusacflocespitosafoord

May, June, July

anchusacforcespitosafoord
Cushion

2 x 9
(5 x 23)

Deep Green
anchusacfolcespitosafoord

Use in rock garden, raised bed, scree or alpine house. Pair Anchusa azurea 'Loddon Royalist' with Papaver orientale for early summer counterpoint., then add some orange Geums, deep blue Siberian Iris, with a little Euphorbia griffithii 'Fireglow' nearby - to produce an eye-popping combination.

Androsace albana

Pale pink or white

androsacecfloalbanakevock1

July, August

androsacecforalbanakevock
Cushion

4-10 x 4 (10-25 x 10)

Mid-Green
androsacecfolalbanakevock

Ideal for the rock garden and raised bed (Rock Garden FAQS). High alpine species need vertical crevices in rock work, a dry wall or scree bed conditions.

Androsace bulleyana

Purple-red

androsacecflobulleyanakevock1

June, July

androsacecforbulleyanakevock
Mat-Forming

4-12 x 4 (10-30 x 10)

Grey-Green
androsacecfolbulleyanakevock

Androsace require sharply drained sandy soil in vertical crevices in rock work, a dry wall or a scree bed.

Androsace delavayi

Pink or white
 

androsacecflodelavayikevock1

May, June

androsacecfordelavayikevock
Cushion

6 x 6
(15 x 15)

Dark Green
androsacecfoldelavayikevock

Neatly cushion-forming; older plants spreading to form mats. Fragrant.

Androsace
jacquemontii

Deep pink

androsaceflojacquemontiikevock

May, June

androsacecforjacquemontiikevock
Clump-Forming

1 x 8
(2.5 x 20)

Grey-Green
androsacecfoljacquemontiikevock

Thrives outside in a raised scree bed as a clump; ideally with a pane of glass to keep off the winter wet. Can be grown in an Alpine House.

Androsace laevigata
'Gothenburg'

Rose-pink to
rose-purple

androsacecflolaevigatakevock1

May, June

androsacecforlaevigatakevock
Mat-Forming

4 x 12
(10 x 30)

Dark Green
androsacecfollaevigatakevock

Densely mat-forming and compact, to about 1 foot across. Androsace World aims to exhibit a photograph of every known species of Androsace.

Androsace
lanuginosa

Lilac-pink

androsacecflolanuginosakevock1

June, July,
August

4 x 18
(10 x 45)

Grey-Green

An easily grown and attractive species for the rock garden, thriving even in clay soils with a modicum of grit. Plant vertically where possible so that rain and other water doesn't sit in the rosettes of the plant. This is a sure way to kill them off. Always water from beneath the leaves. Hates wet winters.

Androsace
mucronifolia

White to deep pink

androsacecflomucronifoliafoord1

June, July,
Mid-August

androsacecformucronifoliafoord
Cushion

4 x 15
(10 x 38)

Pale Green
androsacecfolmucronifoliafoord

Pale green foliage rosettes almost globular up to 0.5 inches across. Green leaves obovate, round tipped and mucronate (mucronate is an adjective meaning ending in a mucro, or sharp point). Habitat among rocks, screes and alpine meadows.

Androsace
pyrenaica

White

androsacecflopyrenaicafoord1a

May, June

androsacecforpyrenaicafoord
Cushion

4 x 9
(10 x 23)

Grey-Green
androsacecfolpyrenaicafoord

It favours acid rocks, being generally found on granite cliffs above 2500 metres in the Pyrenees. Perfect for alpine troughs. See details on its Alpine House Cultivation.

Androsace rigida

Bright pink

androsacecflorigidakevock1

April, May, June

androsacecforrigidakevock
Mat-Forming

4 x 8
(10 x 20)

Deep Green
androsacecfolrigidakevock

Native from South-Western China, in the drier subalpine zone on open grassy slopes, in rock crevices at forest margins and also in open mossy forests. Loosely mat to open cushion-forming, in the wild sometimes up to 8 inches tall. Grows quite well outside with winter wet protection, but young growth can be frost damaged.

Androsace
rotundifolia

White fading to pink
or pink-red

androsacecflorotundifoliakevock1

June, July

androsacecforrotundifoliakevock
Spreading

5 x 3
(13 x 8)

Mid-Green
androsacecfolrotundifoliakevock

Native from North Western Himalaya; Kashmir to Nepal and Bhutan; in varied habitats from open hillsides to shady rock ledges and open woodland at altitudes of 1500-3600 metres.

Androsace
sarmentosa

 

Bright pink
to carmine

androsacecflo2sarmentosafoord

July, August

androsaceforsarmentosakevock
Mat-Forming

4 x 12
(10 x 30)

Deep Green
androsacefolsarmentosakevock

It is one of the easiest and most rewarding of the species suitable for rock garden and raised beds.
Sharply drained sandy soil in vertical crevices in rock work, rock garden or a scree bed.
The plant prefers light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, requires well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil.The plant prefers basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It requires dry or moist soil.

Androsace
sempervivoides

Pink to
mauve-pink

androsacecflosempervivoideskevock1

May

androsacecforsempervivoideskevock
Mat-Forming

6 x 2
(15 x 5)

Deep Green
androsacecfolsempervivoideskevock

It quickly spreads by runners to give a mat of rosettes, and does not need winter protection.
It requires a habitat of sharply drained sandy soil in vertical crevices in rock work, a dry wall or a scree bed.

Androsace
spinulifera

Magenta-red
to purple

androsacecflospinuliferakevock1

June, July

androsacecforspinuliferakevock
Clump-Forming

3-12 x 5
(8-30 x 13)

Light Green
androsacecfolspinuliferakevock

A plant from Yunnan, forming small rosettes of spine-tipped, closely imbricated leaves in winter, these elongating to more loose, narrow spine-tipped large leaves in spring. Flowers on 6 inch stems in umbels. Quite easy in Compost A (Equal parts of loam, leafmould and sand. This is a suitable mixture for plants which require a light, open, porous soil with good drainage. A good mixture for troughs in a sheltered position in part shade). They need

  • a sufficiency of water in spring and summer with full sun conditions,
  • from September to April give only enough water to keep the compost dry but not from becoming arid in winter.

Androsace
strigillosa

White

androsacecflostrigillosakevock1

May, June
July

androsacecforstrigillosakevock
Clump-Forming

10 x 12
(25 x 30)

Mid-Green
androsacecfolstrigillosakevock

"The reverse of the petals are deep dusky pink outlined with white. It has grown well outside for many years, eventually making a wide clump." from Kevock Garden Plants .

Androsace studiosorum
'Doksa'

White

androsacecflostudiosorumdoksakevock1

April

androsacecforstudiosorumdoksakevock
Mat-Forming

3 x 3
(8 x 8)

Grey-Green
androsacecfolstudiosorumdoksakevock

Hairy grey-green foliage rosettes which are interlinked with fine red stems to make dense mats in sharply drained sandy soil in vertical crevices in rock work, a dry wall or a scree bed.

Androsace tapete

White
 

 

June, July

androsacecfortapetekevock
Cushion

3 x 6
(8 x 15)

Light Green
androsacecfoltapetekevock

Forms compact moundlike cushions and is native from dry meadows and gravelly mountain slopes. In the wild, it takes at least 10 years from first budding for this plant to form a rounded cushion about 3 inches high and 10 inches wide in the limestone gravel at arid heights.

Androsace
vandellii

White
...

androsacecflovandelliikevock1

April

androsacecfor1vandelliikevock
Cushion

2 x 4
(5 x 10)

Light Green

A tightly cushion-forming species up to 6 inches across. Native from the Alps, in non-calcareous or igneous rock fissures, often in shaded sites but also stands full exposure. In its early years a relatively easy and popular species which can be grown outside in vertical crevices, or a scree bed, ideally with winter rain protection using a sheet of glass.

Androsace villosa

White fading to pink

androsacecflovillosakevock1

March, April, May

androsacecforvillosakevock
Mat-Forming

6 x 9
(15 x 23)

Mid-Green
androsacecfolvillosakevock

Hairy, mid-green foliage in rosettes, ideally with winter rain protection using a sheet of glass. Plant firmly in good, free soil, with lime rubble and sandstone fragments to keep it well drained.
Alpine House Propagation - By cuttings taken in July. Repot every other year after flowering.

Androsace
yargongensis

Pink or
White

androsacecfloyargongensiskevock1

June, July

androsacecforyargongensiskevock1
Cushion

1 x 4
(2.5 x 10)

Dark Green
androsacecfolyargongensiskevock

3 -5 White or Pink flowers in each cushion in June-July.
Dense cushions from regularly branched purplish-brown shoots and crowded dark green leaf rosettes 0.125-0.5 inches in diameter.
Soil - Sharply drained sandy soil in a limestone scree bed

Anemone blanda

Blue,
purple, white
or pink

anemonecflo1blandafoord1

March, April

anemonecfor1blandafoord
Clump-Forming

6 x 6
(15 x 15)

Dark Green
anemonecfol1blandafoord

Entire plant is poisonous.
For spring-flowering Anemones - bulbs, aquilegia, dicentra, helleborus, omphalodes, ranunculus ficaria, trillium and primula.
For late summer and autumn-flowering Anemones - grasses, hardy fuchsias, aster, dahlia, eupatorium, phlox and astrantia.

Anemone x hybrida
 

Pale pink

anemonecflo1hybridafoord1

August, September, October

anemonecfor1hybridafoord
Upright

48-60 x indefinite (120-150 x indefinite)

Mid-Green
anemonecfol1hybridafoord

The Japanese Anemone requires well-drained, humus-rich, Sand or Chalk; with moist soil that does not dry out. A Mulch with 4 inch depth of compost in November and top it up in March will accomplish this. Ideal for the border.

Anemonella
thalictroides

White (pink forms
are known)

anemonellacflothalictroidesfoord1

March, April,
May, June

anemonellacforthalictroidesfoord
Clump-Forming

6 x 12
(15 x 30)

Olive-Green
anemonellacfolthalictroidesfoord

Clump or colony-forming, slowly spreading to 12 inches or more across. Need to be protected from competition in the root zone. Plants disappear by midsummer (Summer dormant), earlier if they don't get enough moisture. Remove dead foliage and mark location of plants; even when dormant, they need to be kept moist. Tubers may rot in very wet soils like clay or alongside streams, rivers or lakes. Grow in a woodland garden, underplanting in a shady shrub border or a rock garden. See Nursery of Perennials, Ferns and Bulbs for Shade for other plants to put in the shade.

Anthericum liliago

White

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1

May, June

anthericumcforliliagofoord
Clump-Forming

24-36 x 12
(60-90 x 30)

Grey-Green

St. Bernard's Lily is superb when naturalised in grass with a mixture of native and exotic bulbs and perennials. Along with understated narcissus cultivars ('Hawera' is a beautifully simple flower), it will sit well with Camassia cusickii, Allium sphaerocephalon and, for later colour, Liatris spicata.

Aquilegia atrata

Deep Purple, almost black

aquilegiacflo1atratafoord1

June

aquilegiacfor1atratafoord
Mat-Forming

24 x 12
(60 x 30)

Dark Green
aquilegiacfol1atratafoord

All aquilegia seeds and roots are poisonous.
Excellent mat-forming plant between small shrubs. Native in open woodland and rocky places on limestone in Southern Germany, Austria, Slovenia, Italy, France and Switzerland.

Aquilegia canadensis

Red and Yellow

aquilegiacflocanadensisfoord1

April, May, June

aquilegiacforcanadensisfoord
Mat-Forming

36 x 12
(90 x 30)

Pale Green
aquilegiacfolcanadensisfoord

Excellent plant for between small shrubs, in a rock garden and in the Alpine House. Native to Eastern USA on roadside banks and in dappled shade, North America and Canada on rocky outcrops and woodland.
Plant any of the Allium family nearby to ward off aphids.

Aquilegia flabellata
'Kurilensis'

Blue-Purple

aquilegiacflo1flabellatakurilensisfoord1

June

aquilegiacfor1flabellatakurilensisfoord
Mat-Forming

10-12 x 12 (25-30 x 30)

Dark Green
aquilegiacfol1flabellatakurilensisfoord

Excellent mat-forming plant for the rock garden and Alpine House. Companions with Viola, alchemilla mollis, geranium, hemerocallis, paeonia, digitalis, hosta, euphorbia and pulmonaria.

Aquilegia formosa

Red

aquilegiaflo1formosafoord1a

April, May, June, July, August

aquilegiacfolformosafoord1
Clump-Forming

8-32 x 15 (20-80 x 38)

Blue-Green
aquilegiacfolformosafoord

Excellent clump-forming plant for woodland garden, between small shrubs, or by the pond and stream. Requires Moist soil - Don't let the soil dry out since it appreciates stream banks.

Aquilegia vulgaris
 

Pink, blue-violet or
white through pinks and purple to almost black

aquilegiacflo1vulgarisfoord1

May, June

aquilegiacfor1vulgarisfoord
Clump-Forming

18-30 x 18-24
(45-75 x 45-60)

Grey-Green
aquilegiacfolvulgarisfoord

Excellent erect clump plant for inserting between roses and small shrubs.
Available as seed from The Seed Site. Usually comes true from seed.

Arenaria balearica

White

arenariabalearicaflot9

April, May, June

4 x 20
(10 x 50)

Dark Green

Good dark green background, but versatile for use in mixed containers, rockeries, borders and paved gardens.

Arenaria tetraquetra

White

 

May, June

arenariacfortetraquetrafoord

0.5 x 12-15
(1 x 30-45)

Grey-Green
arenariacfoltetraquetrafoord

Dense, hard green mat of tetragonus leaves; many white, stem-less flowers in May. Use as a mat to intergrow with something larger such as dianthus or bulbs.

Arisarum proboscideum

White tubed, Purple striped spathes

arisarumcfloproboscideum

April, May

arisarumcforproboscideumfoord
Mat-Forming

4 x 12
(10 x 30)

Bright Green

Forms a slowly spreading mat of bright green heart-shaped leaves, emerging in spring shortly before the flowers. These are about 3 cm high, with a dark brown spathe, shading to white in the lower half, and with a very long brown tail extending from the top of the spathe

Armeria juniperifolia

Light Pink

armeriacflojuniperifoliafoord

March, April, May

armeriacfor2juniperifoliafoord
Mat-Forming

2-4 x 4-6
(5-10 x 10-15)

Dark Green
armeriacfolrubifoliakevock

Compact, hardy, evergreen perennial which forms low-growing mats. Ideal for rock gardens, gravel gardens, raised beds, containers and for edging beds. As this plant grows by the sea, it's ideal for coastal gardens. The pretty pink flowers open in late spring and are very attractive to bees, beetles, hoverflies, butterflies and moths.

Armeria juniperifolia 'Bevan's Variety'

Rosy-Pink

armeriacflojuniperifoliabevansvarietyfoord

March, April, May

armeriacforjuniperifoliabevansvarietyfoord
Cushion

2 x 4
(5 x 10)

Grey-Green
armeriacfoljuniperifoliabevansvarietyfoord

Very tight compact green dome with almost sessile pink flowers in profusion in May. A real beauty, ideal for trough, crevice, wall or raised bed. Salt tolerant, it can be planted along coastlines.

Armeria maritima
'Alba'

White
...

armeriamaritimaalbacflo1a

May, June
July, August

armeriacformaritimaalbafoord
Mat-Forming

6-12 x 12 (15-30 x 30)

Dark Green
armeriacfolmaritimaalbafoord

Ideal for the rock garden, raised bed, scree as an edging plant and alpine house. Cut off flowers and stems immediately after the flowers fade, and they will rebloom. Replace plants after they become loose and straggly. Poke sections of stem into the soil in the spring, where they will root to produce your next plants.

Artemesia pedemontana

Yellow

artemesiacflospedemontanafoord

June, July,
August

artemesiacfor1pedemontanafoord
Cushion

8 x 12
(20 x 30)

Silver
artemesiacfol2pedemontanafoord

The silky wormwood forms a low mound of mink-fur-soft much dissected silver leaves. We grow a patch of it at the edge of a path in our dry climate garden. Whilst it looks delicate it is in fact easy to grow as long as it is given full sun and doesn’t sit in sodden soil for long periods. Silky Wormwood is equally happy in the rock garden as in the border.

Artemisia
stelleriana

Yellow
...

 

August,
September

artemesiacforstellerianakevock
Mat-Forming

18-30 x 24 (45-75 x 60)

Greyish-White
artemesiacfol1stellerianakevock

Companions of Ornamental grasses, lilies, allium, aster, sedum and nepeta. Also use with plants that have white flowers.

Asarum caudatum

Purple

asarumcflocaudatumfoord

July, August

asarumsforcaudatumfoord
Clump-Forming

12 x 4
(30 x 10)

Apple Green
asarumcfol1caudatumfoord

Wild Ginger is a useful ground-cover plant for deep shade, spreading by its roots. It spreads by rhizomes that travel on the surface of the ground or just slightly beneath.

Asperula nitida

Pink

asperulacflo2nitidafoord

July, August

asperulacfornitidafoord
Spreading

4 x 8
(10 x 20)

Light Green
asperulacfol1nitidafoord

Woodruff is a hardy plant which grows horizontally and low to the ground. It requires a medium and well drained soil, preferring semi-shade, sun, and a position in an alpine house, in a container or bedded in gravel or in a raised bed or in a rock garden.

B

Bergenia 'Autumn Magic'

Mid-Pink
 

bergeniaautumnmagiccflocoblands

March, April,
May

bergeniaautumnmagiccforcoblands1
Clump-Forming

12 x 16
(30 x 40)

Mid Green that turns Dark Red in Winter
bergeniaautumnmagiccfolcoblands1

Bergenia is a tough and hardy grower that thrives in just about any position. It can’t be beaten as an evergreen ground cover plant.

Bergenia 'Bressingham White'

Pure White
 

bergeniabressinghamwhitecflocoblands

March, April

bergeniabressinghamwhitecforcoblands1
Clump-Forming

18-24 x 26 (45-60 x 65)

Dark Green
bergeniabressinghamwhitecfolcoblands1

Companion plants to Bergenias are Omphalodes, Brunnera macrophylla, Hamamelis, Primula, Helleborus, Ophiopogon and Chaerophyllum.

Bergenia cordifolia

Red

bergeniacordifoliacpflocoblands

March, April

bergeniacordifoliacpforcoblands1
Clump-Forming

18-24 x 24 (45-60 x 60)

Dark Green, bronze tinged
bergeniacordifoliacpfolcoblands1

Bergenias are good for softening edges of beds, at their best when mass planted. Use with bulbs whose flowers will rise above the leaves.

Bergenia cordifolia 'Purpurea'

Purplish-Red

bergeniacordifoliapurpureacflorvroger

March, April

bergeniacordifoliapurpureacforrvroger1
Clump-Forming

21 x 24
(52 x 60)

Reddish-Green foliage that turns Purple in Winter
bergeniacordifoliapurpureacfolrvroger1
 

Leave the dead bergenia leaves on to provide the ground cover and prevent light reaching annual weed seeds to germinate them.. This plant has "bright magenta flowers. Inter-planted with yellow tulips will form an absolutely stunning display in Spring.

Bergenia 'Morning Red'

Bright Carmine-Pink

bergeniamorningredCflocoblands

April, May

centaurea montana form
Clump-Forming

15 x 15
(38 x 38)

Dark Green
bergeniamorningredcfolcoblands1

How to divide Bergenias.

Further details about Bergenia species from Wikipedia.

Bergenia purpurascens

Purple-Red

bergeniapurpurascensflot9

March, April

bergeniaforpurpurascens1
Clump-Forming

18 x 12
(45 x 30)

Dark Green in Spring, then Purple foliage in winter.
bergeniafolpurpurascens1

Clump-forming form. Harbours snails!!

See Pest Control in Companion Planting to provide plants to ward off snails.

Bergenia 'Silver Light'

White turning Pink with age, Red centre

bergeniasilverlightcflocoblands

April, May

bergeniasilverlightcforcoblands1
Clump-Forming

12-18 x 26 (30-45 x 65)

Dark Green
bergeniasilverlightcfolcoblands1

Strong grower.

Common names of Elephant's Ears, Pigsqueak, Megasea.

Brachyscome rigidula

Pale mauve, pink, purple-blue or white

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a

May, June,
July, August, September

Clump-Forming

6 x 8
(15 x 20)

Light Green

Tufted to small clump-forming plant with erect to ascending stems, that grows as a native plant in well-drained soils at higher elevations in dry pastures of Eastern Australia. Use in rock garden.

C

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

D

Dianthus
erinaceus

Pink

dianthuserinaceusflot9a

June, July,
August
dianthusforterinaceus1a
Cushion

2 x 20
(4 x 50)

Mid-Green
dianthusfolterinaceus1a

Cushion-forming form. Sparse production of flowers in cool climates.

E

Erinus alpinus

Pink, Purple or
White

erinusflotalpinus1

June, July
June, July
erinusfortalpinus1a
Mat-Forming

3 x 4
(8 x 10)

Dark Green
erinusfoltalpinus1a

Mat-forming form. Self-seeds. Ideal for rock garden, a wall, or paving crevices.

F

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

G

Geranium cinereum
'Ballerina'

Purplish-Red

geraniumcinereumballerinaflot9a

June, July
geraniumfortcinereumballerina1
Mat-Forming

6 x 12
(15 x 30)

Grey-Green
geraniumfoltcinereumballerina1

Excellent Rock Garden plant with long flowering season. More information about hardy geraniums can be obtained from Hardy Geraniums for the Garden by the Hardy Plant Society ISBN 0 901687 06 5.

H

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

J

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

K

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

L

Lavatera
maritima
 

Pink or
...
...
White

lavateracflomaritima

September, October,
November
September, October,
November

Upright

60 x 36
(150 x 90)

Grey-Green
lavaterafoltmaritima1

Combine with
Aconitum x cammarum 'Bicolor, Buddleja davidii 'Nanho Petite Purple', Cistus x argenteus 'Blushing Peggy Sammons' and Dahlia 'Gerrie Hoek'

Limonium
minutum

Purple
 

limoniumflotminutum

July

Cushion

4 x 6
(10 x 15)

Dark Green

Use in herbaceous, annual border, trough or rock garden and for naturalizing in a gravel garden.

M

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

N

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

O

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P

Phlox subulata
'Temiskaming'

Deep Magenta
 

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming2

June, July
phloxfortsubulatatemiskaming1
Cushion

4 x 20
(10 x 50)

Bright Green
phloxfoltsubulatatemiskaming1

Grow in rock garden, alpine house, dry wall, or as edging. Companion plants with Eupatorium, Salvia, Aster, Echinacea, Geranium, Hardy Fuchsia and Aconitum.

Phuopsis
stylosa

Pink
 

phuopsisflotstylosa

June, July,
August
phuopsisfortstylosa1
Mat-Forming

6 x 20
(15 x 50)

Pale Green
phuopsisfoltstylosa1

Ground cover on a bank, in a rock garden, or at the front of a border. Slugs in Spring can be a problem, so plant Rosemary, White Hellebore or Wormwood alongside to reduce it.

Prunella
grandiflora

Purple
 

prunellaflotgrandiflora2

July, August,
September
prunellafortgrandiflora1
Spreading

6 x 36
(15 x 90)

Deep Green
prunellafoltgrandiflora1

Ground cover on a bank, at the front of a border, or in a wild garden, where attract bees and butterflies.

Q

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

R

Raoulia
australis

Sulphur-Yellow

raouliaflotaustralis

July, August,
September

Mat-Forming

0.5 x 12
(1 x 30)

Grey-Silver
raouliafoltaustralis1

Use in a rock garden, raised bed or a scree bed (comes from screes in New Zealand).

S

Explaination of the 15 Saxifraga Generic Sections is in Saxifraga apiculata

 

 

 

 

 

 

Saxifraga Section 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Saxifraga Section 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

Saxifraga cymbalaria

Bright Yellow

saxifragaflotcymbalaria

April
saxifragafortcymbalaria1
Cushion

4 x 12
(10 x 30)

Bright Green
saxifragafoltcymbalaria1

Use in the border between taller perennials or shrubs to provide the part shade or in a woodland setting and in a rock garden.

Saxifraga Section 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Saxifraga Section 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Saxifraga Section 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

Saxifraga Section 6

 

 

 

 

 

 

Saxifraga Section 7

 

 

 

 

 

 

Saxifraga apiculata

Yellow

saxifragaflotapiculata

March, April
saxifragafortapiculata1
Cushion

4 x 12
(10 x 30)

Lime-encrusted Deep Green
centaurea montana foliage

Companion plants for saxifragas are Ferns, Hosta, Primula, Arisaema, Geranium, Astilbe, Aruncus aethusifolius, Viola cornuta and Hakonechloa.

Saxifraga burseriana

White

saxifragaflotburseriana

March
saxifragafortburseriana1
Cushion

2 x 6
(5 x 15)

Grey-Green
saxifragafoltburseriana1

Grow in a Rock Garden, trough, Alpine House or tufa. Mulch round it with grit for drainage.

Saxifraga burseriana
'Gloria'

White

saxifragaflotburserianagloria

March
saxifragafortburserianagloria1
Cushion

2 x 6
(5 x 15)

Grey-Green
saxifragafoltburserianagloria1

Growing medium required is Chalk, Sand or in Alpine House in 2 parts John Innes No 1 and 1 part limestone chippings

Saxifraga burseriana
var. major

White
 

saxifragaflotburserianamajor

March, April
saxifragafortburserianamajor1
Cushion

3 x 6
(8 x 15)

Grey-Green
saxifragafoltburserianamajor1

Lime-encrusted, Grey-Green foliage with 5-petalled White flower in March-April on red stems.

Saxifraga burseriana 'Sulphurea'

Yellow
 

saxifragaburserianasulphureacflot

March
saxifragafortburserianasuplhurea1
Cushion

2 x 6
(5 x 15)

Grey-Green
saxifragafoltburserianasuplhurea1

Lime-encrusted, Grey-Green foliage with Yellow 5-petalled flowers in March on short red stems

Saxifraga x irvingii 'Jenkinsiae'

Pale Pink
 

saxifragaflotirvingiijenkinsiae

March
saxifragafortirvingiijenkinsiae1
Cushion

2 x 8
(6 x 20)

Grey-Green
saxifragafoltirvingiijenkinsiae1

Grow in rock garden or trough. Very floriferous.

Saxifraga oppositifolia 'Splendens'

Rich Rose-Purple
 

saxifragaflotoppositifoliasplendens

April
saxifragacfor1oppositifoliasplendenskevock
Mat-Forming

2 x 12
(6 x 30)

Dark Green
saxifragafoltoppositifoliasplendens1

Originated in the Pyrenees. Grow in scree or rock garden as a fine garden plant.

Saxifraga Section 8

 

 

 

 

 

 

Saxifraga cochlearis

Red-spotted White
 

saxifragaflotcochlearis

June
saxifragafortcochlearis1
Cushion

8 x 6
(20 x 15)

Mid Green
saxifragafoltcochlearis1

Use in rock garden, trough, alpine house or tufa. Intolerant of winter wet.

Saxifraga cotyledon

White marked Red

saxifragaflotcotyledon

June, July
saxifragafort1cotyledon1
Cushion

24 x 8
(60 x 20)

Pale Green
saxifragafoltcotyledon1

White marked red 5-petalled flowers in branched and pyramidal groups in June-July. The flowering foliage rosette dies after blooming.

Saxifraga paniculata

Creamy-White

saxifragaflotpaniculata

July
saxifragafortpaniculata1
Mat-Forming

6 x 10
(15 x 24)

Grey-Green
saxifragafoltpaniculata1

Use in rock garden, trough, alpine house or tufa. Intolerant of winter wet.

Saxifraga
'Southside Seedling'

White, heavily
spotted Red

saxifragaflotsouthsideseedling

May, June
saxifragafortsouthsideseedling1
Mat-Forming

16 x 8
(40 x 20)

Pale Green
saxifragafoltsouthsideseedling1

Grow in a rock garden partly shaded by higher plants.

Saxifraga Section 9

 

 

 

 

 

 

Saxifraga Section 10

 

 

 

 

 

 

Saxifraga Section 11

 

 

 

 

 

 

Saxifraga x urbium

Pink-flushed White

saxifragaflotxurbium

July
saxifragafortxurbium1
Spreading

12 x indefinite
(30 x indefinite)

Mid Green
saxifragafoltxurbium1

Spreading mat form. Use as groundcover in rock garden or border to create a green carpet.

Saxifraga Section 12

 

 

 

 

 

 

Saxifraga Section 13

 

 

 

 

 

 

Saxifraga Section 14

 

 

 

 

 

 

Saxifraga Section 15

 

 

 

 

 

 

Saxifraga cebennensis

White

saxifragaflotcebennensis

July
saxifragafortcebennensis1
Cushion

12 x 12
(30 x 30)

Dark Green
saxifragafoltcebennensis1

Makes a tight green "mossy" dome for growing in an alpine house or outside on tufa with shade from the midday sun. Seeds profusely.

Saxifraga 'Dubarry'

Crimson
 

saxifragaflotdubarry

May, June
saxifragafortdubarry1
Cushion

6 x 6
(15 x 15)

Mid Green
saxifragafoltdubarry1

Use in rock garden, trough, alpine house or tufa. Intolerant of winter wet.

Saxifraga exarata

Cream
 

saxifragaflotexerata

July
saxifragafortexerata1
Cushion

6 x 12
(15 x 30)

Mid Green
saxifragafoltexerata1

From the Latin "saxum" (Rock) and "frago" (to break); those growing naturally in rock crevices appear to have broken the rocks.

Saxifraga 'Pixie'

Bright Pink or
White

saxifragaflotpixie

May
saxifragafortpixie1
Cushion

1 x 6
(3 x 15)

Bright Green
saxifragafoltpixie1

Bright Green notched leaves and use in rock garden, trough, alpine house or tufa.

Saxifraga
'Pixie Alba'

Creamy-White

saxifragaflotpixiealba

May
saxifragafortpixiealba1
Cushion

1 x 6
(3 x 15)

Bright Green
saxifragafoltpixiealba1

Use in rock garden, trough, alpine house or tufa. Intolerant of winter wet.

Saxifraga rosacea
var. hartii

White

saxifragaflotrosaceavarhartii

May
 

12 x 12
(30 x 30)

Light Green
saxifragafoltrosaceavarhartii1

Compact Cushion Form. Native of maritime cliffs of Aranmoor in Northwestern Ireland and a fairly easy grower in a garden bed.

Saxifraga
'Winifred Bevington'

White dotted
with Red

saxifragaflotwinifredbevington

April
 

2 x 5
(6 x 12)

Dark Green
saxifragafoltwinifredbevington1

A neat little plant with flattish prostrate rosette form with 6 inch high flowering stems.

The explaination of 12 Sedum Generic Sections is in Sedum acre

 

 

 

 

 

From the Latin "sedo" (to sit), referring to the manner in which some species attach themselves to stones or walls.

Sedum Section 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sedum Section 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sedum kamtschaticum

Deep Golden-Yellow

sedumflotkamtschaticum

June, July, August

Mat-Forming

5 x 12
(12 x 30)

Mid Green
sedumfoltkamtschaticum1

Use on stony slopes in a rock garden with a grit mulch. You can use Sedum yourself or get it erected on evergreen roof gardens.

Sedum Section 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sedum Section 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sedum Section 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sedum acre

Bright Yellow

sedumflotacre

July, August,
September
sedumfortacre1
Mat-Forming

2 x 24
(5 x 60)

Light Green
sedumfoltacre1

Grown in dry grassland, sand-dunes, shingle, walls and rocks.

Sedum hispanicum

White with Pink to Purple veins

sedumflothispanicum

June, July
sedumforthispanicum1
Cushion

4 x 4
(10 x 10)

Dense pinky glaucous-grey, often finely spotted purple
sedumfolthispanicum1

Sedums below 1 foot in height are suitable for the Rock Garden or at the front of the border. Use the remainder in the Autumn Border. Usually very free-flowering.

Sedum rupestre

Yellow with
Red-tipped keels

sedumflotrupestre

July
sedumfortrupestre1
Mat-Forming

4 x 24
(10 x 60)

Grey-Green
sedumfoltrupestre1

Spreads freely; best in a large rock garden. The Sedum Society provides further data.

Sedum spathulifolium 'Cape Blanco'

Yellow
 

sedumflotspathulifoliumcapeblanco

July, August,
September
sedumfortspathulifoliumcapeblanco1
Mat-Forming

4 x 24
(10 x 60)

Silvery-Green, frequently suffused Purple
sedumfoltspathulifoliumcapeblanco1

Companion Plants for sedums are Dwarf Conifers, Low-growing Ornamental Grasses, Aster, Nepeta ,Penstemon, Salvia, Scabiosa, Heuchera, Carex.

Sedum Section 6

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sedum Section 7

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sedum Section 8

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sedum Section 9

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sedum Section 10

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sedum Section 11

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sedum Section 12

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shortia uniflora

Pink

shortiaflotuniflora

April
shortiafortuniflora1
Mat-Forming

6 x 10
(15 x 24)

Mid-Green
shortiafoltuniflora1

Woodland plants in the wild.
A summary of the genus Shortia.

Silene acaulis

Deep Pink

sileneflotacaulis

July
silenefortacaulis1
Cushion

2 x 12
(5 x 30)

Bright Green
silenefoltacaulis1

Put with Low-growing Ornamental Grasses, short Campanulas, Erigeron, Euphorbia myrsinites, Dianthus deltoides, Iirs germanica and Iris siberica.

Sisyrinchium graminoides

Deep to Light Purple with a Yellow Eye

sisyrinchriumflotgraminoides

June, July, August
sisyrinchriumfortgraminoides1
Clump-Forming

19 x 6
(48 x 15)

Deep Green
sisyrinchriumfoltgraminoides1

Further details about this plant and its cultural requirements. Grow in herbaceous border.

Stachys macrantha
 

Pinkish-Purple

stachysflotmacrantha1a

July, August,
September, October
stachysfortmacrantha1
Upright

24 x 12
(60 x 30)

Dark Green
stachysfoltmacrantha1

Grow in mixed shrub/Perennial Border or Herbaceous Border. Attractive to bees and butterflies.

T

Tradescantia Andersoniana Group

Blue, Purple, Rose-Pink to Rose-Red, or White

tradescantiaflot4andersoniana

May, June, July, August, September
tradescantiafortandersoniana1
Clump-Forming

24 x 24
(60 x 60)

Mid Green
tradescantiafoltandersoniana1

Grow with Fern, Hosta, Iris foetidissima, Iris siberica, Ligularia, Heuchera, Brunnera and Hemerocallis liliaasphodelus in the Summer Border.

U

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

V

Veronica
pectinata

White-eyed Deep Blue
 

veronicaflotpectinata

July, August,
September

8 x 8
(20 x 20)

Grey
veronicafoltpectinata1

Use as groundcover. Slugs in early Spring can be a problem, so plant Rosemary, White Hellebore or Wormwood alongside to reduce it.

Veronica
pectinata 'Rosea'

Pink
 

veronicaflotpectinatarosea

July, August,
September
veronicafortpectinatarosea1
Mat-Forming

8 x 8
(20 x 20)

Grey
veronicafoltpectinatarosea1

Grow with Miscanthus, Pennisetum, Molinia, Hosta, Primula, Paeonia, Carex, Narcissus, Lathyrus vernus, Phlox paniculata, Aconitum, Aster, Geranium, Stachys and Campanula.

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

XYZ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

Site design and content copyright ©July 2009. Page structure amended December 2012. Feet changed to inches (cms) July 2015. Thumbnail and Comments added October 2015. Flower, Form and Foliage Thumbnails with Comments added to Index May 2017. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

 

 

TABLE A with white background column

Pre July 2022, the
Evergreen Perennials used this
gallery only.

The Evergreen Perennials have

  • Plant Description Pages
  • their flower colour compared in a 7 Flower Colour per month Gallery
  • their Flower Shape compared in a Gallery, and
  • their Plant Use compared in another Gallery

The following Column cells with White Background explains the above process in this table.
The next 2 tables (TABLE B and TABLE C) support this explaination.

If both 'Evergreen Perennials' and
'Every Plant detailed in this website' use the same Flower Colour per Month Gallery or
flower shape table,
then the 2 cells are joined together)

This TABLE A will be appended to every page
(TABLE B and TABLE C will be appended
only to the site map pages)
comparing Evergreen Perennials in
the following galleries:-

P-Evergreen A-L Evergreen Perennial
Plant Descriptions

P-Evergreen M-Z
Evergreen Perennial
Plant Descriptions
.

Evergreen Perennial for 7 flower colours per month .

Evergreen Perennial Flower Shape
for
Evergreen Perennial Flower Shape
.

Evergreen Perennial Plant Use .
 

 

TABLE A with yellow background column

Post July 2022, then
'Every plant detailed in this website' will also use this gallery.

Every Plant detailed in this website has

  • Plant Description Pages or row in a table
  • their flower colour compared in a 7 Flower Colour per month Gallery
  • their Flower Shape compared in a Gallery, and
  • their plant Use compared in another Gallery

The following Column cells with Yellow Background explains the above process in this table.
The next 2 tables (TABLE B and TABLE C) support this explaination

If both 'Evergreen Perennials' and
'Every Plant detailed in this website' use the same Flower Colour per Month Gallery or
flower shape table,
then the 2 cells are joined together)

This TABLE A, TABLE B and TABLE C will be appended only to the site map pages in the remaining galleries and to the site map pages comparing 'Every Plant detailed in this website' in the following galleries:-

Plants detailed in this website by Botanical Name as shown in the next row,
Wildflowers detailed in their Common Name and Botanical Name in the second row down, and the third row down shows even more.

Evergreen Perennial 7 flower colours per month .

Wildflower Flower Shape for
Flower Shape
.

Evergreen Perennial Flower Shape for Plant Use .
 

 

Their Plant Description Pages in

 

...P-Evergreen A-L

...P-Evergreen M-Z
with the following
Evergreen Perennial and Alpine Evergreen Index Pages
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R, S, T, U,
V, W, X, Y, Z ,
 

Their Plant Description Page or row in

 

Plants detailed in this website by
Botanical Name
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R, S, T, U,
V, W, X, Y, Z ,

 

CREAM WILD FLOWER GALLERY PAGE MENUS


Common Name with Botanical Name, Wild Flower Family, Flower Colour and Form Index of each of all the Wildflowers of the UK in 1965:- AC,AL,AS,BE,
BL,BO,BR,CA,
CL,CO,CO,CO,
CR,DA,DO,EA,
FE,FI,FR,GO,
GR,GU,HA,HO,
IR,KN,LE,LE,
LO,MA,ME,MO,
NA,NO,PE,PO,
PY,RE,RO,SA,
SE,SE,SK,SM,
SO,SP,ST,SW,
TO,TW,WA,WE,
WI,WO,WO,YE

Extra Common Names have been added within a row for a different plant. Each Extra Common Name Plant will link to an Extras Page where it will be detailed in its own row.

EXTRAS 57,58,
59,60,

 

Continuing from October 2023
All
use of plants will be compared in Evergreen Perennial Flower Shape Gallery,
Flower colour/month in Evergreen Perennial Gallery and
Flower Shape in Wildflower Flower Shape Gallery

BROWN WILD FLOWER GALLERY PAGE MENUS

Botanical Name with Common Name, Wild Flower Family, Flower Colour and Form Index of each of all the Wildflowers of the UK in 1965:- AC, AG,AL,AL,AN,
AR,AR,AS,BA,
BR,BR,CA,CA,
CA,CA,CA,CA,
CA,CE,CE,CH,
CI,CO,CR,DA,
DE,DR,EP,EP,
ER,EU,FE,FO,
GA,GA,GE,GL,
HE,HI,HI,HY,
IM,JU,KI,LA,
LE,LI,LL,LU,LY, ME,ME,MI,MY,
NA,OE,OR,OR,
PA,PH,PL,PO,
PO,PO,PO,PU,
RA,RH,RO,RO,
RU,SA,SA,SA,
SC,SC,SE,SI,
SI,SO,SP,ST,
TA,TH,TR,TR,
UR,VE,VE,VI

Extra Botanical Names have been added within a row for a different plant. Each Extra Botanical Name Plant will link to an Extras Page where it will be detailed in its own row.

EXTRAS 91,
 

 

 

 

The process below provides a uniform method for
comparing every plant detailed in the following galleries with
the ones already compared in the relevant plant gallery
from the last list of plant galleries in this cell:-

These are the galleries that will provide the plants to be added to their own Extra Index Pages

  • Bee plants for hay-fever sufferers -
    The Index and Flower Colour per month plants are detailed in the Yellow background of Table 4 in the next Table on the right.
    A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O,
    P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, XYZ
    The Header Row for the above Extra Indices pages is the same as used in the 1000 Ground Cover A of Plants Topic:-
    A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
    O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, XYZ
  • Plants that grow in Chalk -
    A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
    O, P, QR, S, T, UV, WXYZ ,
  • Rock Garden and Alpine Flowers -
    A, B, C, D, E, F, G,H, I, J, K, L, M,
    NO, PQ, R, S, T,UVWXYZ ,
  • Bulbs from the Infill Galleries see Hardy Bulbs, Half-hardy Bulbs, etc in the previous column of this table.

    Also, the plants detailed
    in the yellow background of Table 1 in the next table on the right.

    Also the plants detailed in
    All Plants Index Gallery
    in the aquatic colour background of Table 1 in the next table on the right.
  • The complete Camera Photo is displayed on the screen as detailed in Table 6 below in the previous column
  • Climber in 3 Sector Vertical Plant System as detailed in Table 8 in the next table on the right
  • Plants with Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders as detailed in the yellow background of Table 7 in the next table on the right
  • Lists from from Landscaping with Perennials by Emily Brown. She is writing about perennials in America as detailed in the yellow background of Table 2 in the next table on the right

 

 

The following Extra Index of Bulbs is created in the
Bulb Plant Gallery, to which the Bulb found in the above list will have that row copied to.
The Header Row for the Extra Indices pages is the same as used in the 1000 Ground Cover A of Plants Topic:-
A 1, 2, 3, B, C 1, 2, D, E, F, G, H, I, J,
K, L 1, 2, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, XYZ

 

 

Having transferred the Extra Index row entry to the relevant Extra Index row for the same type of plant in a gallery below; then
its flower or foliage thumbnail will be compared per month in that relevant gallery:-


Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries, which comes from the list
Hardy Bulbs, Half-hardy Bulbs, etc
in the second row of Topic Table, which is usually positioned as the first table on the left:-
Hardy Bulbs
...Aconitum
...Allium
...Alstroemeria
...Anemone

...Amaryllis
...Anthericum
...Antholyzas
...Apios
...Arisaema
...Arum
...Asphodeline

...Asphodelus
...Belamcanda
...Bloomeria
...Brodiaea
...Bulbocodium

...Calochorti
...Cyclobothrias
...Camassia
...Colchicum
...Convallaria 
...Forcing Lily of the Valley
...Corydalis
...Crinum
...Crosmia
...Montbretia
...Crocus

...Cyclamen
...Dicentra
...Dierama
...Eranthis
...Eremurus
...Erythrnium
...Eucomis

...Fritillaria
...Funkia
...Galanthus
...Galtonia
...Gladiolus
...Hemerocallis

...Hyacinth
...Hyacinths in Pots
...Scilla
...Puschkinia
...Chionodoxa
...Chionoscilla
...Muscari

...Iris
...Kniphofia
...Lapeyrousia
...Leucojum

...Lilium
...Lilium in Pots
...Malvastrum
...Merendera
...Milla
...Narcissus
...Narcissi in Pots

...Ornithogalum
...Oxalis
...Paeonia
...Ranunculus
...Romulea
...Sanguinaria
...Sternbergia
...Schizostylis
...Tecophilaea
...Trillium

...Tulip
...Zephyranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs
...Acidanthera
...Albuca
...Alstroemeri
...Andro-stephium
...Bassers
...Boussing-aultias
...Bravoas
...Cypellas
...Dahlias
...Galaxis,
...Geissorhizas
...Hesperanthas

...Gladioli
...Ixias
...Sparaxises
...Babianas
...Morphixias
...Tritonias

...Ixiolirions
...Moraeas
...Ornithogalums
...Oxalises
...Phaedra-nassas
...Pancratiums
...Tigridias
...Zephyranthes
...Cooperias

Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Green-house or Stove:-
...Achimenes
...Alocasias
...Amorpho-phalluses
...Arisaemas
...Arums
...Begonias
...Bomareas
...Caladiums

...Clivias
...Colocasias
...Crinums
...Cyclamens
...Cyrtanthuses
...Eucharises
...Urceocharis
...Eurycles

...Freesias
...Gloxinias
...Haemanthus
...Hippeastrums

...Lachenalias
...Nerines
...Lycorises
...Pencratiums
...Hymenocallises
...Richardias
...Sprekelias
...Tuberoses
...Vallotas
...Watsonias
...Zephyranthes

...Plant Bedding in
......Spring

......Summer
...Bulb houseplants flowering during:-
......January
......February
......March
......April
......May
......June
......July
......August
......September
......October
......November
......December
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
......Dec-Jan
......Feb-Mar
......Apr-May
......Jun-Aug
......Sep-Oct
......Nov-Dec
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection

 

Their 7 flower colours per month compared in Evergreen Perennial
with the
Evergreen Perennial and Alpine Evergreen Index - pre July 2022 -
in each page

Their 7 flower colours per month compared in Evergreen Perennial
 

I have updated the plant type and plant use for the Evergreen Perennials by February 2023,

then,
I will continue from September 2023 to insert all the 1000 Ground-cover Plants using
'Ground Cover a thousand beautiful plants for difficult places' by John Cushnie ISBN 1 85626 326 6
into these relevant 3 GALLERIES:-

 

GALLERY 1. FLOWER COLOUR PER MONTH
Flower Colour per Month Comparison Page within Evergreen Perennial Gallery
including those of foliage only in January Unusual Flower. This compares the Flower Colour per month for
both the Evergreen Perennials prior to July 2022 and
all plants detailed in the rest of the website including Evergreen Perennials


 

colormonthbulb9a1a1a1a

 

Ground Cover from PLANTS is within the text box under the thumbnail, and by clicking on the centre of the thumbnail, the page shall be changed

 

  • to its descriptive row within one of these pages in PLANTS Topic -
    1000 Ground
    ...Cover A, B, C,
    ...D, E, F, G, H, I,
    ... J, K, L, M, N,
    ...O, P, Q, R, S, T,
    ...U, V, W, XYZ
    ...with Ground
    ...Cover for 14
    ...Situation
    s
    1 Dry Shade
    2 Damp Shade
    3 Full Sun
    4 Banks and Terraces
    5 Woodland
    6 Alkaline Sites
    7 Acid Sites
    8 Heavy Clay Soil
    9 Dry Sandy Soil
    10 Exposed Sites
    11 Under Hedges
    12 Patios and Paths
    13 Formal Gardens
    14 Swimming Pools and Tennis Courts.
    Also, Use
    ...Ground Cover
    ...in Landscape
    ...noise reducti
    on

     

 

Their Flower Shape compared in Evergreen Per Shape Gallery
...Flower Shape

Every Plant in this website has their Flower Shape compared in
Wildflower Flower Shape

 

 

GALLERY 2. FLOWER SHAPE
Evergreen Per Shape Gallery for Evergreen Perennials and into
Wildflower Shape Gallery pages for all the other plants in this website:-
 

EVERGREEN PERENNIAL FLOWER SHAPE in Royal Blue -
WILDFLOWER FLOWER SHAPE in Blue -
Click on Text link

Number of Flower Petals

lessershape1meadowrue1a1a1a1a1

cosmoscflobipinnatuspuritygarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1

irishcflobladderwort1a1a1a1a1

ajugacflo1genevensisfoord1a1a1a1a1

aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a2a1a1a1

anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a2a1a1a1

anemonecflo1blandafoord1a2a1a1a1

Petal-less
Petal-less

1
1

2
2

3
3

4
4 and could be cross-shaped

5
5

Above 5
Above 5

 

Flower Shape - Simple

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1

argemonecflomexicanaflowermissouriplants1a1a1a1a1

geraniumcinereumballerinaflot9a1a1a1a1a

paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1

magnoliagrandifloracflogarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1

acantholinumcflop99glumaceumfoord1a1a1a1a1

stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1a1

Stars
Stars

Bowls
Bowls

Cups and Saucers

Globes
Globes

Goblets and Chalices

Trumpets
Trumpet

Funnels
Funnels

campanulacochlearifoliapusillacflofoord1a1a1a1a1

clematiscflodiversifoliagarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1

Ericacarneaspringwoodwhitecflogarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a1a1

 

 

 

Bells
Bells

Thimbles
Thimbles

Urns
Urns

Salver-form
Salver-form

 

 

 

 

Flower Shape - Elab--orated

prunellaflotgrandiflora1a2a1a1a1

aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a2a1a1a1

lilliumcflomartagonrvroger1a1a1a1a1

laburnumcflowaterivossiistandardpage1a1a1a1a1

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a1a1a1

scabiosacflo1columbariawikimediacommons1a1a1a1a1

melancholycflothistle1a1a1a1a1

Tubes, Lips and Straps

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Hats, Hoods and Helmets

Stan-dards , Wings and Keels

Discs and Florets

Pin-Cushions

Tufts
Tufts

androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a2a1a1a1

androsacecflorigidakevock1a2a1a1a1

argyranthemumfloc1madeiracrestedyellow1a1a1a1a1

agapanthuscflosafricanusbluekevock1a1a1a1a1

 

 

Flower stem termin-ating with
a Single Flower

Cushion
Cushion

Umbel
Umbel

Buttons
Buttons

Pompom
Pompom

 

 

 

Natural Arrange--ments

bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a1a1a1

ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1a1a1a1

morinacfloslongifoliapershape1a1a1a1a1

eremuruscflo1bungeipershapefoord1a1a1a1a1

amaranthuscflos1caudatuswikimediacommons1a1a1a1a1

clematiscformontanaontrellisfoord1a1a1a1a1

androsacecfor1albanakevock1a2a1a1a1

Bunches, Posies and Sprays

Columns, Spikes and Spires

Whorls, Tiers and Candle-labra

Plumes and Tails

Chains and Tassels

Cloud, Garland and Cascade

Spheres, Domes and Plates



 

 

 

GALLERY 3. GARDEN USE OF PLANT
into pages in the
...Flower Shape for Plant Use

 

 

Most of the
Plant Selection by Garden Use of different types of plant in
Level 2c and Level 2cc from the PLANTS and PLANTS EXTRA Topic in Table 5 (End Table on the right for the complete PLANTS and EXTRA Topic Menus) have been transferred to
Evgr Per Shape Gallery:-

Garden Plant Use
ANIMAL RESISTANT PLANTS ,
Aquatic ,
Aromatic Foliage ,
ATTRACTS BEES ,
ATTRACTS BUTTERFLIES ,
Back of Shady Border ,
Bedding ,
Bog Garden ,
Coastal Conditions ,
Containers in Garden ,
COTTAGE GARDEN ,
Crevice Garden ,
CUT FLOWERS ,
Desert Garden ,
EDGE OF BORDER ,
Edibles in Containers ,
Finely Cut Leaves ,
FRAGRANT FLOWERS ,
Front of Border ,
Hanging Basket ,
Hedge ,
Large Leaves ,
Non-Green Foliage 1 ,
Non-Green Foliage 2 ,
Other Garden ,
Pollution Barrier 1, 2 ,
Raised Bed ,
Rest of Border ,
Rock Garden ,
Scree Bed ,
Specimen Plant ,
Sword-shaped Leaves ,
Thorny Hedge ,
Trees for Lawns ,
Trees for Small Garden ,
Wildflower ,
Windbreak ,
Woodland .

 

Alpines without a Garden as detailed for their uses in the white background of Table 3 in the next table on right

 

Lists from from Landscaping with Perennials by Emily Brown. She is writing about perennials in America as detailed for their uses in the yellow background of Table 2 in the next table on the right.

 


Table 6
Camera Photo Galleries showing all 4000 x 3000 pixels of each photo on your screen that you can then click and drag it to your desktop:-

RHS Garden at Wisley
Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year. Pages
1
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
,
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.
Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, Index

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1
with Plant Supports
1, 5, 10
Plants
2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
2
,
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall
Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden
Roses Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger
Roses - Pages
A1,A2,A3,A4,A5,
A6,A7,A8,A9,A10,
A11,A12,A13,A14,
B15,
B16,B17,B18,B19,
B20,
B21,B22,B23,B24,
B25,
B26,B27,B28,B29,
B30,
C31,C32,C33,C34,
C35,
C36,C37,C38,C39,
C40,
C41,CD2,D43,D44,
D45,
D46,D47,D48,D49,
E50,
E51,E52,F53,F54,
F55,
F56,F57,G58,G59,
H60,
H61,I62,K63,L64,
M65,
M66,N67,P68,P69,
P70,
R71,R72,S73,S74,
T75,
V76,Z77, 78,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54,
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
38, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166

Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Identity of Plants
Label Problems - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11

Ron and Christine Foord - 1036 photos only inserted so far - Garden Flowers - Start Page of each Gallery
AB1 ,AN14,BA27,
CH40,CR52,DR63,
FR74,GE85,HE96,

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens - 1187
A 1, 2, Photos - 43
B 1, Photos - 13
C 1, Photos - 35
D 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
Photos - 411
with Plants causing damage to buildings in Chilham Village and Damage to Trees in Pavements of Funchal
E 1, Photos - 21
F 1, Photos - 1
G 1, Photos - 5
H 1, Photos - 21
I 1, Photos - 8
J 1, Photos - 1
K 1, Photos - 1
L 1, Photos - 85
with Label Problems
M 1, Photos - 9
N 1, Photos - 12
O 1, Photos - 5
P 1, Photos - 54
Q 1, Photos -
R 1, 2, 3,
Photos - 229
S 1, Photos - 111
T 1, Photos - 13
U 1, Photos - 5
V 1, Photos - 4
W 1, Photos - 100
with Work Done by Chris Garnons-Williams
X 1 Photos -
Y 1, Photos -
Z 1 Photos -
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens - 88
Flower Colour, Num of Petals, Shape and
Plant Use of:-
Rock Garden
within linked page

 

 

followed by continuing to insert all the plants with flowers from Camera Photo Galleries as indicated by
"
Plant with Photo Index" from
Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens - 1187 A 1, 2, Index
into the Colour Wheel comparison pages above of EVERGREEN PERENNIAL Gallery in Blue
having started in January 2023.
Menu in Table 6 in the previous column

I will continue to insert all the plants planted in chalk as indicated by
"from Chalk Garden" from
GARDEN CONSTRUCTION Index using
'A Chalk Garden' by F C Stern. Published by Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd in 1960
into the Colour Wheel Comparison Pages above of EVERGREEN PERENNIAL Gallery in black.

The following plants shall be added to the Flower Shape pages of this gallery
from



Both native wildflowers and cultivated plants, with these
...Flower Shape,
...Uses in USA,

after the entries have been completed in the Landscaping List Pages.
 

 

 

 

Add these plants from PLANTS topic from the soil it prefers:-
Information for its Plants - Any Soil

Any Soil A-F
Any Soil G-L
Any Soil M-R
Any Soil S-Z

Information for its Plants -
Chalky Soil

Chalky Soil A-F 1
Chalky Soil A-F 2
Chalky Soil A-F 3
Chalky Soil G-L
Chalky Soil M-R
Chalky Soil Roses
Chalky Soil S-Z
Chalky Soil Other
Information for its Plants - Clay Soil

Clay Soil A-F
Clay Soil G-L
Clay Soil M-R
Clay Soil S-Z
Clay Soil Other
Information for its Plants - Lime-Free (Acid) Soil

Lime-Free (Acid) A-F 1
Lime-Free (Acid) A-F 2
Lime-Free (Acid) A-F 3
Lime-Free (Acid) G-L
Lime-Free (Acid) M-R
Lime-Free (Acid) S-Z
Information for its Plants - Sandy Soil

Sandy Soil A-F 1
Sandy Soil A-F 2
Sandy Soil A-F 3
Sandy Soil G-L
Sandy Soil M-R
Sandy Soil S-Z
Information for its Plants - Peaty Soils

Peaty Soil A-F
Peaty Soil G-L
Peaty Soil M-R
Peaty Soil S-Z

Poisonous Plants
Rose Rose Use

 

FINALLY
I am inserting these from February 2023, I will continue to insert all the plants
from the following book on planting sites for perennials, which include most plant types except Annuals and Biennials. She is writing about perennials for use in America.
into the Landscaping List Pages of this Wildflower Shape Gallery and
into the Flower Colour per Month Colour Wheel Comparison Pages above of EVERGREEN PERENNIAL Gallery in royal blue.
Landscaping with Perennials by Emily Brown. 5th printing 1989 by Timber Press. ISBN 0-88192-063-0.

The above will take time!!!

 


The following design concepts from my anaylsis of the Royal Horticultural Garden at Wisley may be useful to you together with the rest of the data on that page concerning that part of the East or West Border of the MIXED BORDERS:-
 

Garden Design Comments on RHS Garden at Wisley in the 71 pages of the EAST and WEST Borders in the MIXED BORDERS
Flower Colours in each of the 71 Parts of the Mixed Borders - with area indicating that the respective colour has not been used in this part .

More (See un-labelled bedding) than 102 plants (This is 29%, which is almost a third) were missing their identity when in flower in 2013 out of 348 in 768 square metres of Mixed Borders garden beds - These herbaceous borders are 6 metres (20 feet) deep and 128 metres (427 feet) long.
 

Part Number of East and West Mixed Borders

 

Each page provides details and photos of every plant used in that part

 

 

 

 

Unu-sual Col-our

 

 

Number of either invisible or missing identity when in Flower

Each page may also detail a
Design Concept

Perm-anent Herb-ace-ous Pere-nnial

Other Perm-anent Plants

Bed-ding

49 mis-sing out of 176

19 mis-sing out of 73

34 mis-sing out of 99

East 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Formal style required in moving people from Entrance to outlying areas

East 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

Position plants with tiny flowers close to the lawn or path

Provide plant support structures

East 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

Make plant labels visible to aid plant sales and

No plant labels on Pansy / Viola Display

East 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

Create History of each garden bed, so that planting errors can be corrected

East 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

1

1

Use a system to select your plants from their flower colour

East 6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

1

1

Use the colours of the buds, flowers and seedheads with different foliage colours in Winter, Spring, Summer and Autumn of each heather for your groundcover and background

East 7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

1

 

Use

to choose from

East 8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

 

 

Use turf protected paths instead of slabbed paths for small gardens

East 9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

Make your flowers all the same colour like White to harmonise as your flower colour in the simplest flower colour scheme

East 10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

Bulbs can provide flowers from January through to May in the bare ground round the permanent shrubs and perennials

East 11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

Replace bedding and perennials with wildflower lawn edged with normal lawn to reduce gardening time to 1 hour a week

East 12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

With limited garden space, put a wildflower lawn on the roof of your shed / garage / leanto or concreted area on ground to provide flowers

East 13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

1

Create fun version of Snakes and Ladders game using clock flowers

East 14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

1

Further reasons to create garden bed Histories

East 15

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

Create track and use the Square Foot Gardening system for:-

  • wheelchair-bound disabled to use for radio-controlled models on the ground-level of the garden
  • wheelchair-bound children/adults to maintain and replant the raised beds, whilst sitting with their knees under each raised bed
  • school pupils to learn to grow plants
  • wheelchair supported children/adults recovering in hospital, rest or care home to go outside, view them and/or maintain those beds themselves
  • transport the raised bed into the patient's room, so that the patient can admire close-up what they normally see outside from their bed; and then for them to maintain or simply view for a while before that raised bed is returned outside that same day
  • infirm children, adults or pensioners to maintain and replant the raised beds, when they do not need to kneel down, bend their knees or reach above their shoulders

East 16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

 

Climber not seen due to plants in front growing higher than it.

East 17

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

2

 

Create game using Slider Signs that alternate turning left or turning right at each Path Row Junction for you to pick your fruit, flowers, grasses or vegetables.

East 18

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

1

 

Turf protection from wear by people walking or standing on it

East 19

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

Balance Income with Expenditure in Garden

East 20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

 

Safety - If a visitor reports a safety concern, then do not ignore it

East 21

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

2

 

 

East 22

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

1

1

 

East 23

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

1

 

East 24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

East 25

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

3

 

Hide unwanted views of buildings or other areas of garden

East 26

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

 

 

East 27

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

 

East 28

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

East 29

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

1

 

 

East 30

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

 

 

East 31

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

2

 

 

East 32

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

East 33

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

1

 

Select tender plants and then provide Plant Protection from Frost

East 34

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

 

Control human movement through areas

Part Number

 

 

 

 

Unu-sual Col-our

 

 

Either invisible or missing identity when in Flower

Unlabelled Bedding plants

Plant Labelling - A suggestion for plant labelling to help visitors

Further Plant Label and Path Foundation Comments

WISLEY WISLEY Rose Classification System

Perm-anent Herb-ace-ous Pere-nnial

Other Perm-anent Plants

Bed-ding

West 35

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

West 36

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

West 37

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

3

 

 

West 38

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

1

 

 

West 39

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

West 40

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

West 41

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

West 42

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

West 43

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

1

 

 

West 44

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

 

West 45

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

 

West 46

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

1

 

Build soil fertility and structure with legumes and mulches

West 47

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

 

West 48

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

West 49

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

West 50

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

1

 

 

West 51

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

 

 

West 52

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Split garden area into separate shapes

even when a public path goes through the garden

West 53

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

Use Companion planting with Green Manure to deter Pests / Diseases and

Another Climber not seen due to plants in front growing higher than it.

West 54

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

Use long-flowering Speciman Roses as a backdrop

West 55

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

West 56

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

West 57

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

 

 

West 58

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

 

 

West 59

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

1

 

West 60

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

1

 

West 61

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

West 62

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

West 63

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

Reduce time for garden maintenance by avoiding mixing plants together

West 64

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

1

 

 

West 65

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

 

 

West 66

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

West 67

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

1

 

 

West 68

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

 

 

West 69

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

 

 

West 70

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

West 71

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Provide irrigation facilities to water plants and clean paths

Part Number

 

 

 

 

Unu-sual Col-our

 

 

Either invisible or missing identity when in Flower

Confidential email replies from the Royal Horticultural Society to emails from Chris Garnons-Williams with their following instructions for everybody else:-
The contents of this email and any files transmitted with it are confidential, proprietary and may be legally privileged. They are intended solely for the use of the individual or entity to whom they are addressed. If you have received this email in error please notify the sender. If you are not the intended recipient you may not use, disclose, distribute, copy, print or rely on this email. The sender is not responsible for any changes made to any part of this email after transmission. Any views or opinions presented are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent those of the Society.

Perm-anent Herb-ace-ous Pere-nnial

Other Perm-anent Plants

Bed-ding

 

 

From Annuals and Biennials chapter in Plants for Ground-cover by Graham Stuart Thomas - Gardens consultant to the National Trust. Published by J.M. Dent and Sons Ltd in 1970, Reprinted (with further revisions) 1990. ISBN 0-460-12609-1:-

"I think there is a case to be considered for annuals and biennials in ground-cover schemes so long as they will sow themselves freely.
These suggestions may be useful for large areas outside our gardens where a 'show' for a summer or two is needed, while shrubs and perennial ground-covers are being increased for later permanent planting. They are easy to control if one studies the life-cycle with a view to allowing seed to develop if required or to remove it before it is shed.

Use

Plant

Comments

Lawn and ground-cover under conifer trees

Poa annua

The needles under a cedar tree were weekly swept away and the grass, despite fertilizers, top dressing, re-seading and re-turfing, simply would not grow. The needles were left alone and within 12 months the area became self-sown with a close and permanent sward of Poa nnua. This little grass regenerates itself constantly so that it makes a lawn, though each plant has only a short life.

Oxalis rosea

This is highly successful in the shade of conifers or any other tree

Cyclamen hederifolium

This is a perennial, though sowing itself freely when suited and it is here because plants to grow under cedars and yews, somewhat away from the trunks, are very few.

Temporary ground-cover under trees

Tropaeolum or Eschscholtzia

A sheet of 'Gleam' nasturtiums or eschscholtzia; both are free-flowering and easily pulled up, though like all annuals it may be a year or two later before all dispersed seeds have germinated.

Silene armeria and Iberis amara are equally successful, with Sett Alyssum (Lobularia maritima) creating a dwarf ground-cover carpet in late summer.

Ground-cover under trees with high rainfall

Claytonia sibirica (Montia sibirica)

This grows under trees where the grass is thin at high altitude and high rainfall. It covers the area - interpersed with primroses and Oxalia acetosella - with a mass of pinky-white stars a few inches (cms) above the ground.

Claytonia perfoliata is an annual; it is usually classed as a weed but is excellent cover in cool, acid soil, but far less conspicuous in flower

Streamsides, river banks and fringes of boggy ground

Impatiens glandulifera (Impatiens roylei, Annual Balsam)

It is a rapid colonizer because its seeds are ejected with some force from the ripe pods. It seeds with great abandon and grows to 72 (180) or more; its many pink flowers make a great show.

Full sun and drier soils than by streamsides

Angelica archangelica

It very quickly produces great green heads in spring, ripening quickly, with the result that the ground is thickly covered with seedlings in late summer.

Oenothera biennis (Evening Primrose) will colonize any sunny waste place and produce yellow blooms for weeks in the summer

Lychnis coronaria is a prolific seeder with rosettes of silvery basal leaves.

Erysimum linifolium (Wallflower) produces lilac flowers

Plants that seed about with abandon

 

  • Phytolacca american Poke Weed) has great spikes of shing black seeds
  • Geranium pratense, a soft blue flower, 36 (90) high, with a basal clump of divided leaves
  • Myrrhis odorata (Sweet Cicely), old garden herb
  • Borago laxiflora with pale blue flowers
  • on neutral, well-drained soil, Lupinus hartwegii and Lupinus polyphyllus, with Lupinus arboreus (Tree Lupin) are useful
  • temporary ground-cover of Lupinus angustifolius and Lupinus luteus, which are used agriculturally to enrich the land as a 'green manure'.
  • Verbascum nigrum, produces yellow or white 36 (90) high spikes in summer and it makes good basal rosetttes while it sows itself freely.
  • Foxgloves (Digitalis) and honesty (Lumaria) seed themselves freely and in a way will act as a ground-cover on account of their large basal leaves.

 

 

 

 

From Appendix II Lists of plants for special conditions in Plants for Ground-cover by Graham Stuart Thomas - Gardens consultant to the National Trust. Published by J.M. Dent and Sons Ltd in 1970, Reprinted (with further revisions) 1990. ISBN 0-460-12609-1:-

Plant

Plant

Plant

 

1. Plants requiring lime-free soils


On limy soils it is wiser not to attempt to grow the genera in this list. They are mainly woodland plants and thrive best in soil in which humus has been mixed.
Species of Ceanothus, Berberis, Chaenomeles, Cytisus, Iris, Lupinus, Pimelia and Myosotideum are not so dependent on humus so long as the soil is acid or neutral.

Arctostaphylos.
Azalea - this is poisonous to bees and its honey to humans.
Berberis thunbergii and varieties.
Blechnum.
Boykinia.
Bruckenthalia.
Calluna.
Camelia.
Carex pendula.
Cassiope.
Chaenomeles.
Claytonia sibirica.
Clethra.
Comptonia.
Cornus canadensis.
Cyathodes.
Cytisus scoparius prostratus (Sarothamnus).
Daboecia.
Dicentra.
Empetrum.
Epigaea.

Erica.
Galax.
Gaultheria.
Gaylussacia.
Houstonia.
Hydrangea macrophylla.
Iris douglasiana.
Iris innominata.
Leiophyllum.
Leucothoe.
Linnaea.
Lithospermum diffusum.
Lupinus.
Luzula.
Meconopsis.
Mitchella.
Myosotideum.
Ourisia.
Pachysandra.
Paxistima.
Pernettya.

Philesia.
Pieris.
Pimelia.
Pyrola.
Rhododendron - this is poisonous to bees and its honey to humans.
Sarothamnus, see Cytisus.
Schizocodon.
Shortia.
Skimmia.
Smilacina.
Soldanella.
Tanakaea.
Vaccinium.
Woodwardia.

 

2. Plants which will thrive in limy soils


While it may be taken that any genus not mentioned in 1 will tolerate lime, many, such as Rosa, prefer the soil to be neutral. The following will thrive in soil that is actively limy, even over chalk, though they will grow equally well without lime.

Acaena.
Acanthus.
Achillea.
Adiantum.
Ajuga.
Alchemilla.
Alyssum saxatile.
Anaphalis.
Anchusa.
Anemone.
Antennaria.
Arabis.
Armeria.
Asplenium.
Athyrium.
Aubretia.
Aucuba.
Ballota.
Berberis (except Berberis thunbergii and varieties).
Bergenia.
Brunnera macrophylla.
Caltha.
Campanula.
Cardamine.
Ceanothus.
Centaurea.
Cerastium.
Ceratostigma.
Choisya.
Cistus.
Clematis.
Convallaria.
Convolvulus.
Cornus alba.
Cotoneaster.

Cotula.
Crambe.
Crataegus.
Cyclamen.
Daphne.
Dianthus.
Dryas.
Dryopteris.
Epimedium.
Erigeron.
Erodium.
Euonymus fortunei.
Euphorbia.
Festuca.
Forsythia.
Fuchsia.
Genista hispanica.
Geranium.
Gymnocarpium.
Gypsophila.
Halimum.
Hebe.
Hedera.
Helianthemum.
Helleborus.
Hemerocallis.
Houttuynia.
Hydrangea villosa.
Hypericum.
Hyssopus.
Iris foetidissima.
Jasminum.
Juniperus.
Lamium.
Lathyrus.
Lavandula.
Liriope.
Lonicera.
Mahonia.
Nepeta.
Osmanthus.
Othonnopsis.

Paeonia.
Peltiphyllum (Darmera).
Phlomis.
Phlox.
Polygonatum.
Polygonum.
Potentilla.
Primula.
Prunus.
Pulmonaria.
Pulsatilla.
Pyracantha.
Pyrus.
Reynoutria.
Ribes.
Rodgersia.
Rosmarinus.
Rubus.
Salvia.
Sambucus.
Santolina.
Sarcooca.
Scabiosa.
Sedum.
Senecio.
Sorbaria.
Spiraea.
Stachys.
Symphoricarpos.
Symphytum.
Taxus.
Tellima.
Teucrium.
Thymus.
Vancouveria.
Viburnum.
Vinca.
Viola.
Waldsteinia.
Zauschneria.

 

3. Plants which tolerate clay.


Few plants establish quickly on very heavy soils over clay, though many of the following will luxuiriate in maturity, provided the area is reasonably well-drained.

Acanthus.
Aesculus.
Ajuga.
Alchemilla.
Anemone x hybrida.
Anemone tomentosa.
Aruncus.
Asarum.
Astilboides.
Aucuba.
Berberis.
Bergenia.
Brunnera.
Caltha.
Chaenomeles.
Clematis.
Convallaria.
Cornus alba.
Cornus stolonifera.
Cotoneaster.
Crataegus.
Daphne.
Epimedium.

Euonymus fortunei.
Forsythia.
Geranium.
Hedera.
Helleborus.
Hemerocallis.
Hosta.
Lamium.
Lonicera.
Mahonia.
Malus.
Peltiphyllum.
Petasites.
Phillyrea.
Polygonatum.
Polygonum.
Prunella.
Prunus.
Pyrus.
Reynoutria.
Ribes.

Rodgersia.
Rosa.
Rubus.
Salix.
Sambucus.
Sarcocca.
Sorbaria.
Spiraea.
Symphoricarpus.
Symphytum.
Telekia.
Tellima.
Trachystemon.
Vancouveria.
Viburnum.
Vinca.
Waldsteinia.

 

4. Plants which will grow satisfactorily in dry, shady places.

Apart from ill-drained clay, this combination of conditions is the most difficult to cope with in the garden.

* indicates those which will not tolerate lime.

Alchemilla conjuncta.
*Arctostaphylos.
Arundinaria.
Asperula.
Asplenium.
Aster macrophyllus.
Aucuba.
*Blechnum spicant.
*Camellia.
*Carex.
*Cornus canadensis.
Cyclamen.
Dryopteris filix-mas.
Duchesnea.
Epimedium.
Euphorbia robbiae.
Fatshedera.

Fragaria.
*Gaultheria shallon.
Geranium nodosum.
Hedera.
Hypericum. androsaemum.
Iris foetidissima.
*Linnaea.
Lonicera nitida.
Lonicera pileata.
Lunaria.
Mahonia.
Myrrhis.
Pachyphragma.
*Pachysandra.
Phyllostachys.
Polypodium.
Prunus laurocerausus varieties.

Reynoutria.
Ribes.
Rubus.
Sarcocca.
Skimmia.
Thalictrum.
Trachystemon.
*Vaccinium vitis-idaea.
Vancouveria.
Vinca minor.
Walsteinia.
Xanthorhiza.

 

5. Plants which thrive on moist soils.

Genera marked * are suitable for boggy positions.

Ajuga.
Aruncus.
*Astilbe.
Astilboides.
Athyrium.
Blechnum chilense.
*Caltha.
Clethra (no lime).
Cornus alba.

Cornus stolonifera.
Filipendula palmata.
Filipendula purpurea.
Gunnera.
Heracleum.
Houttuynia.
*Ligularia.
*Lysichitum.
Matteuccia.

*Onoclea.
Osmunda.
Peltiphyllum (Darmera).
Petasites japonicus.
*Primula florindae.
Primula various.
Ranunculus.
Rheum.
Rodgersia.
*Trollius

 

6. Plants which grow well in shady positions.

The bulk of these are woodland plants, growing well under shrubs and trees, but those marked * are not so satisfactory under trees, though thriving in the shade given by buildings. For those requiring lime-free soil, compare with List 1.

Adiantum.
Aegopodium.
Anemone.
*Arabis.
Arundinaria.
Asarum.
Asperula.
Asplenium.
Athyrium.
Aucuba.
*Berberis.
*Bergenia.
Blechnum.
Boykinia.
Brunnera.
Camellia.
Cardamine.

Carex.
Cassiope.
Chiastophyllum.
*Choisya.
Claytonia.
Comptonia.
Convallaria.
Cornus canadensis.
Cortusa.
Corydalis.
*Cotoneaster.
Cyathodes.
Cyclamen.
Cystopteris.
Dicentra.
Dryopteris.
Duchesnia.

Epigaea.
Epimedium.
Euonymus.
Euphorbia robbiae.
Fragaria.
*Fuchsia.
Galax.
Gaultheria.
Gaylussacia.
Geranium, most.
Gymnocarpium.
*Hebe.
Hedera.
Helleborus.

Helxine.
X Heucherella.
Hosta.
Houstonia.
Hydrangea.
Hypericum androsaemum.
Hypericum calycinum.
*Iberis sempervirens.
Iris foetidissima.
Jasminum nudiflorum.
*Jasminum others.
Juniperus x media.
Lamium.
Leucothoe.
Linnaea.
Lomaria.
Lonicera pileata.
Lunaria.
Luzula.
Lysimachia.
Mahonia.
Maianthemum.
Matteuccia.
Meconopsis.
Milium.
Mitchella.
Myrrhis.
Omphalodes.

Onoclea.
Ourisia.
Oxalis.
Pachyphragma.
Pachysandra.
Paxistima.
Patrinia.
Petasites.
Philesia.
Phyllostachys.
Pieris.
Polygonatum.
Polygonum.
Polypodium.
Polystichum.
Prunus laurocerasus.
Pseudosasa.
Pulmonaria.
Pyrola.
Rhododendron, larger-leaved kinds, it is toxic to bees and the honey from it is toxic to humans.
Ribes.
Rubus.
Sarcocca.
Saxifraga.
Schizocodon.
Selaginella.
 

Shortia.
Skimmia.
Smilacina.
*Soldanella.
Symphytum.
Tanakea.
Tellima.
Thalictrum minus.
Tiarella.
Tolmeia.
Trachystemon.
Vaccinium macrocarpum.
Vaccinium vitis-idaea.
Vancouveria.
*Viburnum davidii.
Vinca.
Viola.
Waldsteinia.
Woodwardia.

 

7. Plants which will thrive in hot, sunny places on dry soils.

Those marked * require lime-free soil.

Acaena.
Acantholimon.
Acanthus.
Achillea.
Alyssum.
Ampelopsis.
Antennaria.
Anthemis.
Arabis.
*Arctostaphylos.
Armeria.
Artemisia.
Aubretia.
Ballota.
Bolax.
Bupleurum.
Calamintha.
Campanula alliariifolia.
Campsis.
Ceanothus.
Centaurea.
Cerastium.
Ceratostigma.
*Chaenomeles.
Choisya.
Cissus.
Cistus.
Clematis flammula.
Clematis x jouiniana.
Convolvulus.
Coronilla.
Cotula.
Crambe.
*Cytisus.
Dianthus

Dimorphotheca.
Elaeagnus.
Elymus.
Ephedra.
Erigeron glaucus.
Erodium.
Erysimum.
Eschscholtzia.
Fascicularia.
Festuca.
Filipendula hexapetala.
Genista.
Geranium x magnificum.
Geranium renardii.
Gypsophila.
Halimocistus.
Halimium.
Hebe.
Helianthemum.
Hypericum calycinum.
Hypericum rhodopeum.
Hyssopus.
Iberis amara.
Iberis sempervirens.
Iris graminea.
*Iris innominata.
Iris japonica.
Iris ruthenica.
Jasminum parkeri.
Juniperus.
Lathyrus.
Lavandula.
Leptospermum.
Limonium.
Lupinus arboreus.

Lychnis coronaria.
Moltkia.
Muehlenbeckia.
Nepeta.
Oenothera biennis.
Ophiopogon.
Osteospermum, (see Dimporphotheca).
Othonnopsis.
Oxalis rubra.
Paronychia.
Parthenocissus.
Pennisetum.
Pterocephalus.
Ptilotrichum.
Raoulia.
Reynoutria.
Romneya.
Rosmarinus.
Ruta.
Salvia'
Santolina.
Saponaria.
Satureia.
Scabiosa graminifolia.
Sedum.
Senecio.
Silene.
Stachys olympica.
Teucrium.
Thymus.
Trachystemon.
*Vaccinium oxycoccus.
Viola labradorica.
Zauschneria.

 

8. Plants which thrive in maritime districts.

Many of the following will stand wind and salt-spray, particularly those marked *.

Those marked ** will provide shelter for others and shelter is highly important in seaside gardening.

For genera requiring, lime-free soil, compare with List 1.

Acaena.
Acantholimon.
Achillea.
Alchemilla.
Alyssum.
Antennaria.
Anthemis.
Arabis.
*Arctostaphylos.
*Armeria.
*Artemisia.
Arundinaria.
Asperula.
Asplenium.
Athyrium.
 

Aubretia.
*Aucuba.
*Berberis.
Bergenia.
Beschorneria.
Betula.
Blechnum.
Bolax.
Bruckenthalia.
**Bupleurum.
Calamintha.
*Calluna.
Camellia.
Campanula.
Campsis.

Ceanothus.
Centaurea.
*Cerastium.
Ceratostigma.
Choisya.
**Cistus.
Clematis.
Convolvulus.
Coprosma.
Cornus alba.
Cornus stolonifera.
Coronilla.
**Cotoneaster.
*Crambe.
**Crataegus.
*Cytisus.
*Daboecia.
*Dianthus.
*Dimorphotheca.
Dryas.
Dryopteris.
*Elaeagnus.
*Elymus.
Ephedra.
*Erica.
*Erigeron glaucus.
*Eriogonum.
*Eryngium.
Erysimum.
**Escallonia.
*Euonymus.
Euphorbia.
Fascicularia.
Festuca.
Filipendula hexapetala.
Forsythia.
*Fuchsia.
Garrya.

*Genista.
Geranium.
*Gypsophila.
Halimiocistus.
*Halimium.
**Hebe.
Hedera.
Helianthemum.
Hemerocallis.
Heuchera.
*Hydrangea.
Hypericum.
Hyssopus.
Iberis.
Ilex.
Iris.
Jasminum.
*Juniperus.
Lathyrus.
Lavandula.
*Leptospermum.
*Limonium.
Liriope.
**Lonicera.
*Lupinus arboreus.
Mahonia.
Myosotideum.
Osteospermum, (see Dimorphotheca).
*Othonnopsis.
Oxalis.
Penstemon.
Petasites fragrans.
Phlox.
Phyllostachys.
Polygonum.
Polypodium.
Polystichum.
*Potentilla.

Pulsatilla.
Pyrus.
Reynoutria.
*Romneya.
*Rosa.
*Rosmarinus.
Rubus.
Ruta.
**Salix.
Salvia.
Santolina.
Satureia.
Saxifraga.

*Sedum.
**Senecio.
Silene.
Skimmia.
Sorbaria.
Spiraea.
Stachys.
Symphoricarpus.
Teucrium.
Thymus.
Vaccinium.
Vinca.
Waldsteinia.

 

9. Plants which create barriers.

The following by their dense or prickly character will deter small animals and human beings as well as weeds.

Arundinaria anceps.
Berberis.
Chaenomeles.
Clematis montana.
Clethra.
Cornus alba.
Cornus stolonifera.
Cotoneaster conspicuus.
Cotoneaster conspicuus 'Decorus'.
Crataegus.
Forsythia suspensa sieboldii.
Gaultheria shallon.
Juniperus x media.
Lonicera nitida.

Mahonia japonica.
Pernettya.
Pyrus.
Rosa 'Macrantha'.
Rosa 'Max Graf'.
Rosa x paulii.
Rosa x polliniana.
Rosa 'Raubritter'.
Rosa rugosa.
Rosa virginiana.
Rosa woodsii fendleri.
Spiraea douglasii.
Spiraea menziesii.

 

 

10. Plants for town gardens.

Genera marked * prefer acid soil;

those marked £ will thrive in impoverished soils. Soil in towns is usually deficient in humus.

£Acanthus.
£Alchemilla.
Anemone.
£Asperula odorata.
£Aucuba.
£Bergenia.
Campanula.
Clematis montana.
Corydalis.
*Dicentra.
£Epimedium.

Euonymus.
£Fatshedera.
£Ferns.
£Geranium.
£Hebe.
£Hedera.
*Hosta.
Nepeta.
Parthenocissus.
Polygonatum.
£Potentilla.

Ribes.
Salix.
Saxifraga, Robertsonia section.
Spiraea.
Tellima.
£Vancouveria.
£Vinca.
Waldsteinia.

 

EXPLAINATION OF WHY SOIL IN UK TOWNS IS USUALLY DEFICIENT IN HUMUS.
That is because when a flower bed is weeded, then the weeds are thrown away. This means that the minerals that weed used up from the soil are also thrown away, and the soil has not received any replacement.

 

Humus is dark, organic material that forms in soil when plant and animal matter decays.
When plants drop leaves, twigs, and other material to the ground, it piles up. This material is called leaf litter. When animals die, their remains add to the litter. Over time, all this litter decomposes. This means it decays, or breaks down, into its most basic chemical elements. Many of these chemicals are important nutrients for the soil and organisms that depend on soil for life, such as plants. The thick brown or black substance that remains after most of the organic litter has decomposed is called humus. Earthworms often help mix humus with minerals in the soil. Humus contains many useful nutrients for healthy soil. One of the most important is nitrogen. Nitrogen is a key nutrient for most plants. Agriculture depends on nitrogen and other nutrients found in humus.When humus is in soil, the soil will crumble. Air and water move easily through the loose soil, and oxygen can reach the roots of plants. Humus can be produced naturally or through a process called composting. When people compost, they collect decaying organic material, such as food and garden scraps, that will be turned into soil.

soil15casestudies

 

The humus provides the organic polymers to interact with the clay domains and bacterium to stick the 2 grains of sand together. This soil molecule of 2 grains of sand, organic polymers, clay domains and bacterium will disintegrate by the action of the bacterium or fungal enymatic catalysis on the organic polymers. So if a continuous supply of humus is not present, then the soil molecules will break up into sand and clay.
Because the idiots in the UK do not know about this, this is why they weed a bed, throw away the weed, not provide anything in return and expect the soil to take care of itself.
When you go to view gardens open to the public how many times can you see bare earth between plants in a flower bed? There needs to be either a green manure or an organic mulch between the plants, so that leaf litter etc can decompose and become humus to provide the minerals and humus for the plants. That is what you see when you visit a forest where the fallen leaves, branches, animals and birds are left to their own devices, except when a newly qualified university student came to look after a local authority controlled wooded park, when she got the local population to help her and her staff to remove all the undergrowth, leaving bare earth!

 

Cultural Needs of Plants
from Chapter 4 in Fern Grower's Manual by Barbara Joe Hoshizaki & Robbin C. Moran. Revised and Expanded Edition. Published in 2001 by Timber Press, Inc. Reprinted 2002, 2006. ISBN-13:978-0-88192-495-4.

"Understanding Fern Needs
Ferns have the same basic growing requirements as other plants and will thrive when these are met. There is nothing mysterious about the requirements - they are not something known only to people with green thumbs - but the best gardeners are those who understand plant requirements and are careful about satisfying them.
What, then, does a fern need?
 

  1. Water - All plants need water. Water in the soil prevents roots from drying, and all mineral nutrients taken up by the roots must be dissolved in the soil water. Besides water in the soil, most plants need water in the air. Adequate humidity keeps the plant from drying out. Leaves need water for photosynthesis and to keep from wilting.
  2. Light - All green plants need light to manufacture food (sugars) by photosynthesis. Some plants need more light than others, and some can flourish in sun or shade. Most ferns, however, prefer some amount of shade.
  3. Photosynthesis - For photosynthesis, plants require carbon dioxide, a gas that is exhaled by animals as waste. Carbon dioxide diffuses into plants through tiny pores, called stomata, that abound on the lower surface of the leaves. In the leaf, carbon dioxide is combined with the hydrogen from water to form carbohydrates, the plant's food. This process takes place only in the presence of light and chlorophyll, a green pigment found in plant cells. To enhance growth, some commercial growers increase the carbon dioxide level in their greenhouses to 600ppm (parts per million), or twice the amount typically found in the air.
  4. Oxygen - Plants need oxygen. The green plants of a plant do not require much oxygen from the air because plants produce more oxygen by photosynthesis than they use. The excess oxygen liberated from the plants is used by all animals, including humans. What do plants do with oxygen? They use it just as we do, to release the energy stored in food. We use energy to move about, to talk, to grow, to think - in fact, for all our life processes. Although plants don't talk or move much, they do grow and metabolize and must carry on all their life processes using oxygen to release the stored energy in their food.
  5. Air with roots - Roots need air all the time. They get it from the air spaces between the soil particles. Overwatering displaces the air between soil particles with water, thereby removing the oxygen needed by the roots. This reduces the root's ability to absorb mineral nutrients and can foster root-rot. These gases need free access to the roots:-
    • Nitrogen Cycle -
      Nitrogen is the most commonly limiting nutrient in plants. Legumes use nitrogen fixing bacteria, specifically symbiotic rhizobia bacteria, within their root nodules to counter the limitation. Rhizobia bacteria fix nitrogen which is then converted to ammonia. Ammonia is then assimilated into nucleotides, Amino Acids, vitamins and flavones which are essential to the growth of the plant. The plant root cells convert sugar into organic acids which then supply to the rhizobia in exchange, hence a symbiotic relationship between rhizobia and the legumes.
    • Oxygen Cycle -
      No nutrient absorption occurs at the root zone unless oxygen is present.
    • Carbon Dioxide -
      Plant roots uptake carbon dioxide to provide carbon for parts of the foliage.
  6. Minerals - Plants need minerals to grow properly. The minerals are mined from the soil by the plant's root system. If a certain mineral is missing, such as calcium needed for developing cell walls, then the plant will be stunted, discoloured, or deformed.
  7. Temperature - Some plants tolerate a wide range of temperatures, whereas others are fussy. If the temperature is too high or low, the machinery of the plant will not operate satisfactorily or will cease entirely.

    The basic needs of plants are not hard to supply, but growing success depends on attending to these needs with care and exactitude. The remainder of this chapter is devoted to a discussion of these requirements, with the exception of mineral needs, which are discussed in Chapter 5."

 

Only Earthworms provide the tunnels which transport water, gas and nutrients to and from roots.

When the roots of the plant requires the mineral nutrients dissolved in soil water, oxygen and nitrogen intake and waste gases output, it gets it through the action of the earthworm continously making tunnels to provide the transport system.
6000 species of Earthworm have no special respiratory organs. Gases are exchanged through the moist skin and capillaries, where the oxygen is picked up by the hemoglobin dissolved in the blood plasma and carbon dioxide is released. Water, as well as salts, can also be moved through the skin by active transport.
When the earthworms are denied access to the air above ground as in the case of pavements, driveways and patios; then they die and the system round them dies as well. Since the roots are not getting their requirements; then they also die off, and you are left with insufficient live root to support the tree or other plants.

 

11. Plants suitable for covering rose-beds.

The following are all small plants that will not be strong-growing for the purpose, and will help to make the beds more attractive during the 7 months when Hybrid Teas and Floribundas are not in flower. Small spring-flowering bulbs can be grown through them. The more vigorous shrub roses will tolerate many others among the shorter growing plants in this 1000 ground cover table.

Acaena.
Alyssum saxatile.
Arabis.
Aubretia.
Campanula carpatica.
Campanula portenschlagiana.

Cardamine trifolia.
Corydalis lutea.
Corydalis ochroleuca.
Dianthus.
Lysimachia nummularia.
Phlox subulata.

Primula auricula.
Primula vulgaris sibthorpii.
Pulsatilla.
Saponaria ocymoides.
Saxifraga.
Viola.

 

 

 

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