Topic
Case Studies
...Drive
...Foundations

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants
...in Chalk (Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Lime-Free (Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Light Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape

Bulb with its 7 Flower Colours per Month Comparison Pages
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia

...Gladiolus
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......Eur Non-classified
......American A
......American B
......American C
......American D
......American E
......American F
......American G
......American H
......American I
......American J
......American K
......American L
......American M
......American N
......American O
......American P
......American Q
......American R
......American S
......American T
......American U
......American V
......American W
......American XYZ
......Ame Non-classified
......Australia - empty
......India

......Lithuania

...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil



Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs
...Aconitum
...Allium
...Alstroemeria
...Anemone

...Amaryllis
...Anthericum
...Antholyzas
...Apios
...Arisaema
...Arum
...Asphodeline

...Asphodelus
...Belamcanda
...Bloomeria
...Brodiaea
...Bulbocodium

...Calochorti
...Cyclobothrias
...Camassia
...Colchicum
...Convallaria 
...Forcing Lily of the Valley
...Corydalis
...Crinum
...Crosmia
...Montbretia
...Crocus

...Cyclamen
...Dicentra
...Dierama
...Eranthis
...Eremurus
...Erythrnium
...Eucomis

...Fritillaria
...Funkia
...Galanthus
...Galtonia
...Gladiolus
...Hemerocallis

...Hyacinth
...Hyacinths in Pots
...Scilla
...Puschkinia
...Chionodoxa
...Chionoscilla
...Muscari

...Iris
...Kniphofia
...Lapeyrousia
...Leucojum

...Lilium
...Lilium in Pots
...Malvastrum
...Merendera
...Milla
...Narcissus
...Narcissi in Pots

...Ornithogalum
...Oxalis
...Paeonia
...Ranunculus
...Romulea
...Sanguinaria
...Sternbergia
...Schizostylis
...Tecophilaea
...Trillium

...Tulip
...Zephyranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs
...Acidanthera
...Albuca
...Alstroemeri
...Andro-stephium
...Bassers
...Boussing-aultias
...Bravoas
...Cypellas
...Dahlias
...Galaxis,
...Geissorhizas
...Hesperanthas

...Gladioli
...Ixias
...Sparaxises
...Babianas
...Morphixias
...Tritonias

...Ixiolirions
...Moraeas
...Ornithogalums
...Oxalises
...Phaedra-nassas
...Pancratiums
...Tigridias
...Zephyranthes
...Cooperias


Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Greenhouse or Stove:-
...Achimenes
...Alocasias
...Amorpho-phalluses
...Arisaemas
...Arums
...Begonias
...Bomareas
...Caladiums

...Clivias
...Colocasias
...Crinums
...Cyclamens
...Cyrtanthuses
...Eucharises
...Urceocharis
...Eurycles

...Freesias
...Gloxinias
...Haemanthus
...Hippeastrums

...Lachenalias
...Nerines
...Lycorises
...Pencratiums
...Hymenocallises
...Richardias
...Sprekelias
...Tuberoses
...Vallotas
...Watsonias
...Zephyranthes

...Plant Bedding in
......Spring

......Summer
...Bulb houseplants flowering inside House during:-
......January
......February
......March
......April
......May
......June
......July
......August
......September
......October
......November
......December
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
......Dec-Jan
......Feb-Mar
......Apr-May
......Jun-Aug
......Sep-Oct
......Nov-Dec
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection

Climber
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree

...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Shrub Heathers
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr

Fern *

Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
...P -Herbaceous
...RHS Wisley
...Flower Shape
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note
Poisonous
Wildflower Plants

Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

or
you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12
with its
Explanation of
Structure of this Website with

...User Guidelines
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos

or
these Foliage Colour Wheels structures, which I have done but until I can take the photos and I am certain of the plant label's validity, these may not progress much further
All Foliage 212

All Spring Foliage 212
All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212

or
Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-

There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 1

(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 2


(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3 (o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 3


(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 4


Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew

 

It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot91a1a1a1a1a1a

Closed Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot92a1a1a1a1a1a

Opening Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot93a1a1a1a1a1a

Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot94a1a1a1a1a1a

Older Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot95a1a1a1a1a1a

Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot96a1a1a1a1a1a

Mature Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot97a1a1a1a1a1a

Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot98a1a1a1a1a1a

Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries. So one might avoid disappointment if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!

FERN PLANTS GALLERY PAGES
Site Map for pages with photo content (o)

Fern Culture
from Sections 1-10 of Ferns and Fern Culture by J. Birkenhead, F.R.H.S.
Published by John Heywood in Manchester in
May, 1892 with
Rules for Fern Culture
followed by
Sections
1 Modes of Growth
2 Compost
3 Compost for various Genera, growing in pots, pans or baskets
4 Various Habits of Ferns
5 Various Modes of Cultivation
6 Light
7 Temperature
8 Ferns in Dwelling-Houses
9 Propagation (in Use in Brackish Water in Coastal District Page)

10 Selection of Ferns

with

British Ferns and their Allies comprising the Ferns, Club-mosses, Pepperworts and Horsetails by Thomas Moore, F.L.S, F.H.S., Etc. London George Routledge and Sons, Broadway, Ludgate Hill. Hardcover published in 1861 provides details on British Ferns

TYPE OF FERN TO GROW
....Aquatic
....Boston/ Fishbone/
Lace/ Sword

....Cloak/Lip/Hand
....Filmy and Crepe
....Lacy Ground
(o)Lady
....Maidenhair
(o)Miscellaneous
(o)Primitive/ Oddities
....Scrambling/ Umbrella/ Coral/ Pouch
....Selaginellas
(o)Shield/ Buckler/ Holly
....Squirrel/ Rabbit/ Hare's Foot

....Staghorn/ Elkhorn/ Epiphyte
....Tassel, Clubmoss
....The Brakes
....The Polypodies
(o)The Spleenworts
....The Tree Ferns
....Water/ Hard/ Rasp/ Chain

USE OF FERN
(o)Cold-hardy
(o)From Lime-hating Soil
(o)From Limestone Soil
(o)Hanging Basket
(o)Indoor Decoration
(o)Outdoor Pot
(o)Terrariums
(o)Wet Soils
(o)Ground Cover
(o)Pendulous Fronds

 

Where to see

AUSTRALIA
Adelaide Botanic Garden.
Brisbane Botanic Garden.
Mount Lofty Botanic Garden.
Royal Botanic Garden, Melbourne.
Royal Botanic Garden, Sydney.

CANADA
Le Jardin Botanique de Montreal.
Les Jardins de Metis.
Van Dusen Botanical Garden.

ENGLAND
Biddulph Grange Garden.
Brodsworth Hall and Gardens.
Cambridge University Botanic Gardens.
Chelsea Physic Garden.
Harlow Carr Botanic Gardens.
RHS Garden Wisley.
Royal Botanic Gardens Kew.
Savill Gardens.
Sizergh Castle and Garden.
Southport Botanic Gardens.
Tatton Park.
Tremenheere Scupture Gardens.
University of Oxford Botanic Garden.

FRANCE
Jardin Botanique de Lyon.
Parc Phoenix-Nice.

GERMANY
Arktisch-Alpiner Garten.
Botanischer Garten und Museum.
Flora und Botanischer Garten Koln.

IRELAND
Caher Bridge Garden.
Kells Bay Gardens.

NETHERLANDS
Hortus Botanicus Leiden.

--->

SPORE COLOUR
Spore

BED PICTURES
Garden
 

Where to see

NEW ZEALAND
Franz Fernery at the Auckland Domain Park.
Pukeiti Rhododendron Trust Garden.
Pukekura Park.

SCOTLAND
Arduaine Garden.
Ascog Hall Gardens and Victorian Fernery.
Attadale Gardens.
Benmore Botanic Garden.
Glasgow Botanic Garden.
Inverewe Garden and Estate.
Linn Botanic Gardens.
Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh.

UNITED STATES
Atlanta Botanical Garden.
Balboa Park.
Barnes Foundation Arboretum.
Bartholomew's Cobble.
Bellevue Botanical Garden.
Berkshire Botanical Garden.
Bloedal Reserve.
Bok Tower Gardens.
Botanical Gardens at Asheville.
Bowman's Hill Wildflower Preserve.
Brooklyn Botanic Garden.
Cailfornia State Unversity at Sacramento.
Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies.
Chanticleer.
Chicago Botanic Garden.
Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens.
Crystal Springs Rhododendron Garden.
Dallas Arboretum and Botanical Garden.
Denver Botanic Gardens.
Elandan Gardens.
Elisabeth Carey Miller Botanical Garden.
Fairchild Tropical Botanical Garden.
Fern Canyon.
Ferndell Canyon in Griffith Park.
Fort Worth Botanic Garden.
Frelinghuysen Arboretum.
Garden in the Woods.
Garvan Woodland Gardens.
Ganna Walska Lotusland.
Georgeson Botanical Garden.
Georgia Perimeter College Botanical Gardens
--->


All
Hardy Fern Foundation members have unlimited access to our spore exchange and can choose from a wide variety of ferns. Our resource pages include publications and books about ferns as well as
useful websites.

A Natural History of Britain's Ferns by Christopher N. Page. Published by William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd in 1988. ISBN 0 00 219382 5 (limpback edition) provides details of Coastal, Man-made Landscapes, Woodland, Wetland, Grassland and Rock Outcrops, Heath and Moorland, Lower Mountain Habitats, Upper Mountain Habitats and Atlantic Fringe Ferns.
I have provided a brief summary in the Ferns in Coastal District with associated plants and Ferns for Man-Made Landscapes with associated plants pages and provided you with the Chapter number for the others, since the information within this book is so comprehensive, that it would need to be completely copied to be of most use.

Tree Ferns by Mark F. Large & John E. Braggins. Published by Timber Press in 2004. ISBN 978-1-60469-176-4 is a scientifically accurate book dealing with Tree Fern species cultivated in the United States and the Pacific, but little known and rare tree ferns are also included.

The Observer's Book of Ferns, revised by Francis Rose, previous editions compiled by W.J.Stokoe. Published by Frederick Warne & Co. Ltd in 1965 provides a comprehensive guide to 45 British species of Ferns. It provides details of habitat and how to use those ferns.

The Plant Lover's Guide to Ferns by Richard Steffen & Sue Olsen. Published in 2015 by Timber Press, Inc. ISBN 978-1-60469-
474-1. It provides details on designing with ferns and details on 140 ferns for the garden in the USA.

Success with Indoor Ferns, edited by Lesley Young. Reprinted 1998. ISBN 1 85391 554 8. It details the care of indoor ferns with their position, choice and fern care.


See
Ferns in Britain and Ireland
or the

British Pteridological Society
for further details and photos.

Mail Order UK Fern Nursery
Shady Plants has ferns for
Vertical Fern Gardens and Companion Plants for growing with Ferns.

 

Where to see

UNITED STATES
Harry P. Leu Gardens.
Hawaii Tropical Botanical Garden.
Holden Arboretum.
Honolulu Botanical Gardens.
Huntington Botanical Gardens.
Huntsville-Madison County Botanical Garden.
Inniswood Metro Gardens.
Kruckeberg Botanic Garden.
Lakewold Gardens.
Leach Botanical Garden.
Leonard J. Buck Garden.
Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden.
Longwood Gardens.
Lyndhurst Gardens.
Marie Selby Botanical Gardens.
Matthaei Botanical Gardens.
Memphis Botanic Garden.
Mendocino Coast Botanical Gardens.
Mercer Arboretum and Botanic Gardens.
Michigan State University.
Missouri Botanical Garden.
Morris Arboretum of the University of Pennsylvania.
Mount Pisgah Arboretum.
Mt. Cuba Center.
National Tropical Botanical Garden.
New Jersey State Botanical Garden at Skyland.
New York Botanical Garden.
Norfolk Botanical Garden.
North Carolina Botanical Garden.
Olbrich Botanical Garden.
Phipps Conservatory and Botanical Gardens.
Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park.
Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden.
Rhododendron Species Botanical Garden.
Rotary Gardens.
--->
 

TYPE OF FERN TO GROW WITH PHOTOS
using information from
Fern Grower's Manual by Barbara Joe Hoshizaki & Robbin C. Moran and
The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1


Aquatic Ferns (Azolla, Ceratopteris, Marsilea, Pilularia, Regnellidium, Salvinia)

Boston ferns (Nephrolepis exaltata), Fishbone ferns (Nephrolepis cordifolia), Lace ferns and Sword ferns

Cloak, Lip, Hand Ferns and their Hardy Relatives (Bommeria, Cheilanthes, Doryopteris, Gymnopteris, Hemionitis, Notholaena, Paraceterach, Pellae, Pleurosorus, Quercifilix) 1, 2

Davallia Ferns (Araiostegia, Davallia, Davallodes, Gymno-grammitis, Humata, Leucostegia, Scyphularia, Trogostolon) 1, 2

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes)

Filmy and Crepe Ferns (Hymenophyllum, Trichomanes, Leptopteris) 1, 2

Lacy Ground Ferns (Culcita, Dennstaedtia, Histiopteris, Hypolepis, Leptolepia, Microlepia, Paesia, Pteridium)

Lady Ferns and Their Allies (Allantodia, Athyrium, Diplazium, Lunathyrium, Pseudo-cystopteris, Callipteris, Cornopteris, Cystopteris) 1, 2

Maidenhair Ferns (Adiantum) 1, 2

Miscellaneous Ferns (Acrostichum, Actiniopteris, Anemia, Anogramma, Anopteris, Blotiella, Bolbitis, Christella, Coniogramma, Cryptogramma, Ctenitis, Cyclosorus, Didymochlaena, Dipteris, Elaphoglossum, Equisetum, Gymnocarpium, Llavea, Lonchitis, Lygodium, Macrothelypteris, Oentrichia, Oleandra, Onoclea, Onychium, Oreopteris, Parathelypteris, Phegopteris, Photinopteris, Pityrogramma, Pneumatopteris, Psilotum, Stenochlaena, Thelypteris, Vittaria) 1, 2, 3 including Fern Allies of Equisetum and Psilotum or Whisk Ferns

Polypodium Ferns and Relatives (Anarthropteris, Belvisia, Campyloneurum, Colysis, Crypsinus, Dictymia, Gonphlebium, Lecanopteris, Lemmaphyllum, Lexogramme, Microgramma, Microsorum, Niphidium, Phlebodium, Phymatosurus, Pleopeltis, Polypodium, Pyrrosia, Selliguea) 1, 2, 3

Primitive Ferns and Fern Oddities (Angiopteris, Botrychium, Christensenia, Danaea, Helminthostachys, Marattia, Ophioglossum, Osmunda and Todea)

Scrambling, Umbrella, Coral and Pouch Ferns (Dicranopteris, Diploptergium, Gleichenia, Sticherus)

Shield, Buckler, Holly Ferns and their Relatives (Arachniodes, Cyrtomium, Dryopteris, Lastreopsis, Matteuccia, Polystichum, Rumohra, Tectaria and Woodsia) 1, 2, 3

Spleenworts Ferns (Asplenium) 1, 2

Staghorns, Elkhorns and other large epiphytes (Aglaomorpha, Drynaria, Merinthosorus, Platycerium, Pseudodrynaria) 1, 2

Fern Allies - Tassel Ferns and Clubmosses (Lycopodium)

The Brakes (Pteris) 1, 2

Tree Fern
s (Cibotium, Cnemidaria, Cyathea, Dicksonia, Nephelea and Trichipteris) 1, 2

Water, Hard, Rasp and Chain Ferns (Blechnum, Doodia, Woodwardia, Sadleria) 1, 2

Xerophytic Ferns (Actinopteris, Astrolepis, Cheilanthes, Doryopteris, Notholaena, Pellaea, Pityrogramma)
 

Where to see

UNITED STATES
San Antonio Botanical Garden.
San Diego Botanic Garden.
San Francisco Botanical Garden at Strybing Arboretum.
Sarah P.Duke Gardens.
Tyringham Cobble.
UNC at Charlotte Botanical Gardens.
University of California Botanical Garden at Berkeley.
USCS Arboretum.
Whitehall Historic Home and Garden.
Wild Gardens of Acadia.
Zilker Botanical Garden.

WALES
Aberglasney Gardens.
Dewstow Gardens.
Dyffryn Gardens.



 

USE OF FERN WITH PHOTOS
using information from Fern Grower's Manual by Barbara Joe Hoshizaki & Robbin C. Moran and
The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1


Outdoor Use in
Northeastern United States
Zones 3-6
Southeastern United States Zones 6-8
Southern Florida and Hawaii Zones 10-11
Central United States Zones 3-6
Northwestern United States Zones 5-8 with some Zone 9
Southwestern United States Zones 6-9
Coastal Central and Southern California Zones 9-10

Accent
Aquatic 1, 2

Basket 1,
Ferns for Hanging Baskets 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Ferns for Hanging Baskets with Pendulous Fronds or weeping Growth Habit 7, 8

Bog or Wet-Soil 1,
Ferns for Wet Soils 2, 3

Border and Foundation
Cold-hardy Ferns 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Colour in Fern Fronds
Conservatory (Stove House) or Heated Greenhouse 1, 2
Drier Soil
Evergreen and Deciduous
Fronds in Floral Decorations

Ferns for Acid Soil 1,
Lime-hating (Calcifluges) 2

Ferns for Basic or Limestone Soil 1,
Ferns Found on Limestone or Basic Soils (Calciphiles) 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Ferns for Ground Cover 1,
Ground Cover Ferns 2, 3

Ferns of the Atlantic Fringe with associated plants (1 - Atlantic Cliff-top Grassland, Ledges and Rough Slopes; 2 - Clay Coasts and Dunes of South-East Ireland; 3 - Limestones of Western Atlantic Coasts; 4 - Hebridean Machair; 5 - Horsetail Flushes, Ditches and Stream Margins; 6 - Water Margin Osmunda Habitats; 7 - Western, Low-lying, Wet, Acid Woodlands; 8 - Western, Oak and Oak-Birch Woodlands and Ravines, in the UK and Ireland)
Ferns in Coastal District with associated plants
(Hard Rock Cliffs, Soft Rock Cliffs, Clay Coasts, or Coastal Sand-Dunes in the UK)
Ferns of Grasslands and Rock Outcrops (Grasslands; Rocks, Quarries and Mines in the UK)
Ferns of Heath and Moorland with associated plants (1 - Bracken Heath; 2 - Ferns of Moist Heathland Slopes and Margins of Rills and Streams; 3 - Heathland Horsetails, 4 - Heathland Clubmosses, in the UK)
Ferns of Lower Mountain Habitats with associated plants (1 - Upland Slopes and Screes; 2 - Base-rich, Upland Springs and Flushes; 3 - Base-rich, Upland, Streamside Sands and Gravels; 4 - Juniper Shrub Woodland, in the UK)
Ferns for Man-Made Landscapes with associated plants (South-western Hedgebanks, Hedgerows and Ditches, Walls and Stonework, Water Mills and Wells, Lime Kilns and abandoned Lime-Workings, Pit heaps and Shale Bings, Canals, Railways and Their Environs in the UK)
Ferns of Upper Mountain Habitats with associated plants (1 - High Mountain, Basic Cliffs and Ledges; 2 - High, Cliff Gullies; 3 - High Mountain Corries, Snow Patches and Fern beds; 4 - Ridges, Plateaux and High Summits, in the UK)
Ferns for Wetlands with associated plants (1- Ponds, Flooded Mineral Workings and Wet Heathland Hollows; 2 - Lakes and Reservoirs; 3 - Fens; 4 - Ferns of the Norfolk Broads' Fens; 5 - Willow Epiphytes in the UK)
Ferns in Woodland with associated plants (1 - Dry, Lowland, Deciduous Woodland; 2 - Inland, Limestone, Valley Woodland; 3 - Base-rich Clay, Valley Woodland; 4 - Basic, Spring-fed Woodland; 5 - Ravine Woodland on Mixed Rock-types; 6 - Native Pine Forest in the UK)


Ferns in Hedges or Hedgebanks

Outdoor Containers 1, 2, 3, 4

Rapidly Growing Fern 1, 2
Rock Garden and Wall Ferns 1, 2
Shade Tolerant

Slowly Growing Fern
Sun Tolerant 1, 2

House Fern in Trough Garden 1,
Fern Suitable for
Indoor Decoration 2
, 3, 4

House Fern in Terrarium or
Bottle Garden 1,

Ferns suitable for Terrariums 2, 3, 4
 

Grow in Woodlands
 


TYPE OF FERN - Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes)
"Fern allies are the whisk ferns (Psilotum), ground pines (Lycopodium), spike mosses (Selaginella), and horsetails (Equisetum). Like ferns, these plants reproduce by dispersing spores, but none has leaves like ferns. Instead, the leaves of the fern allies are small, inconspicuous, and often scale-like with only a single vein. Water clovers (Marsilea), mosquito ferns (Azolla) and water spangles (Salvinia) are ferns but might be mistaken for fern allies because of their unfernlike appearance.

Psilotums or Whisk Ferns - See Miscellaneous Ferns Page for these ferns
A handful of stems from Psilotum plant resembles a small whisk broom, hence the name whisk fern. The green stems seem leafless but actually bear scattered, small, scale-like leaves. The upper branches have rounded, three-lobed spoangia (spore cases). The plants grow on trees, especially in the leaf axils of old palm leaves, or in rock pockets in tropical or subtropical areas. They grow easily in greenhouses with strong light and respond well to bone meal and general feryilizers.

Lycopodiums or Ground Pines -- See Tassel Ferns and Clubmosses (Lycopodium) Page for these ferns
Lycopodiums are terrestrial or eptphytic species with erect, creeping, trailing or drooping stems. They range from a few inches to several feet long. The stems are amply covered with scale-like leaves, some of which have small roundish to bean-shaped spore cases (sporangia) at their base.

Selaginellas or Spike Mosses - See page below for these ferns
Selaginellas are more widely cultivated than lycopodiums. The name spike moss refers to the spike-like cluster of fertile leaves at the branch tips. About 700 species of Selaginella exist worldwide, some of which areadapted to deserts (where they are often nestled between rocks) and others are found on rain-forest floors. Almost all the species are terrestrial.

Equisetums, Horsetails, or Scouring Rushes - See Miscellaneous Ferns Page for these ferns
Horsetails (Equisetum) are reed-like plants with jointed, hollow stems that range from a few centimetres to about 600 cms (20 feet = 240 inches) tall. Because they grow near or in wet areas and their stems contain silica, pioneers used them for scrubbing pots, hence the name scouring rush. They are useful in wet parts of the garden such as pools, or as novelties in pots." from Fern Grower's Manual by Barbara Joe Hoshizaki & Robbin C. Moran.

 

TYPE OF FERN - Selaginellas (Clubmosses or Spike Mosses)
"Habitat
Selaginellas grow in a wide diversity of climates, soil types and conditions. The majority of species are terrestrials, but a few interesting ones are epiphytes.

  • Selaginellas are mainly found in moist shaded forests usually near water. This is especially true of the group with the creeping growth habit. Those with subterranean stolons and erect, much branched stems are usually prominent in tropical rainforests, e.g. Selaginella flabellata.
  • A few interesting species may be climbers in rainforests or moist sites, e.g. Selaginella wildenovii.
  • Some hardy Selaginellas grow around the margins of swamps and in acid, podsolic soils or heathland, e.g. Selaginella uliginosa.
  • A few occur in sub-alpine conditions.
  • A unique group grows in rocky deserts and survives dry periods by drying and curling their fronds in the manner of true resurrection plants. Some of these curl into balls and are sold as novelty resurrection plants, e.g. Selaginella lepidophylla.

Uses
Selaginellas are generally an easy group of plants to grow with the possible exception of some species which are from specialized habitats. These can be difficult to grow. Those creeping species from rainforests and wet, shaded areas adapt very well to cultivation and can be used in pots, terrarums or even hanging baskets. They can also be readily grown under the benches of greenhouses or shadehouses or in shady moist situations in a garden. Some provide an attractive ground cover between ferns or other plants. Many of the tropical species may run rampant in tropical gardens and yet are never a nuisance. Selaginellas blend perfectly into settings using water and rocks. Some species are suitable for indoor decoration.
Their Habitat, Cultivation, Soil Types, Potting Mix, Watering, Fertilizing, Situation, Pests and Propagation details are given in
Chapter 41 of The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1."

The following ferns come from that chapter:-

 

Fern

Foliage Colour and
Shape/ Division

Height x Spread in inches (cms)
(1 inch =
2.5 cms,
12 inches =
1 foot
12 inches =
30 cms,
24 inches =
2 feet,
3 feet =
1 yard,
40 inches = 100 cms)
 

Type of Fern to Grow

Use of Fern

Comments

Frond

Credit
is usually from Denver Botanic Gardens,
Wikimedia Commons,
Dana Kelley Bressette of Nativeplants PNW.com
or
Chris Garnons-Williams

Form

Selaginella australiensis

 

 

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes)

 

Propagation: By cuttings of foliage stems inserted in compost alongside in well-drained pots and plunged in fibre refuse in a temperature of 80F (27C) at any season, or the smaller growers may be spread upon the surface of pans of compost and covered with glass until rooted.

Suitable for

 

Stove and Greenhouse evergreen moss-like plants, allied to ferns. Fronds creeping or erect, branched, green or variegated. First introduced mid-nineteenth century. Culture: Compost,equal parts fibrous peat and chopped shagnum moss. Position, pots, pans or rockeries in shade. Pot or plant, February or March. Water copiously April to September, moderately afterwards. Syringe daily April to September. Shade from sun. Temperature,
Stove species, September to March 55-65F (13-18C), March to September 70-80F (21-27C);
Greenhouse, September to March 40-50F (5-10C), March to September, 55-65F (13-18C).

Stove Species.
Greenhouse Species

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Selaginella australiensis cultivar

 

 

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes)

 

Propagation: By cuttings of foliage stems inserted in compost alongside in well-drained pots and plunged in fibre refuse in a temperature of 80F (27C) at any season, or the smaller growers may be spread upon the surface of pans of compost and covered with glass until rooted.

Suitable for

 

Stove and Greenhouse evergreen moss-like plants, allied to ferns. Fronds creeping or erect, branched, green or variegated. First introduced mid-nineteenth century. Culture: Compost,equal parts fibrous peat and chopped shagnum moss. Position, pots, pans or rockeries in shade. Pot or plant, February or March. Water copiously April to September, moderately afterwards. Syringe daily April to September. Shade from sun. Temperature,
Stove species, September to March 55-65F (13-18C), March to September 70-80F (21-27C);
Greenhouse, September to March 40-50F (5-10C), March to September, 55-65F (13-18C).

Stove Species.
Greenhouse Species

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Selaginella braunii

 

 

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes)

 

Propagation: By cuttings of foliage stems inserted in compost alongside in well-drained pots and plunged in fibre refuse in a temperature of 80F (27C) at any season, or the smaller growers may be spread upon the surface of pans of compost and covered with glass until rooted.

Suitable for

 

Stove and Greenhouse evergreen moss-like plants, allied to ferns. Fronds creeping or erect, branched, green or variegated. First introduced mid-nineteenth century. Culture: Compost,equal parts fibrous peat and chopped shagnum moss. Position, pots, pans or rockeries in shade. Pot or plant, February or March. Water copiously April to September, moderately afterwards. Syringe daily April to September. Shade from sun. Temperature,
Stove species, September to March 55-65F (13-18C), March to September 70-80F (21-27C);
Greenhouse, September to March 40-50F (5-10C), March to September, 55-65F (13-18C).

Stove Species.
Greenhouse Species

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Selaginella canaliculata

 

 

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes)

 

Propagation: By cuttings of foliage stems inserted in compost alongside in well-drained pots and plunged in fibre refuse in a temperature of 80F (27C) at any season, or the smaller growers may be spread upon the surface of pans of compost and covered with glass until rooted.

Suitable for

 

Stove and Greenhouse evergreen moss-like plants, allied to ferns. Fronds creeping or erect, branched, green or variegated. First introduced mid-nineteenth century. Culture: Compost,equal parts fibrous peat and chopped shagnum moss. Position, pots, pans or rockeries in shade. Pot or plant, February or March. Water copiously April to September, moderately afterwards. Syringe daily April to September. Shade from sun. Temperature,
Stove species, September to March 55-65F (13-18C), March to September 70-80F (21-27C);
Greenhouse, September to March 40-50F (5-10C), March to September, 55-65F (13-18C).

Stove Species.
Greenhouse Species

selaginellacanaliculatapfolwikimediacommons

Selaginella canaliculata, Fairchild Gardens, Miami. 20 May 2006. By Bastique via Wikimedia Commons.
 

Selaginella emmeliana
Sweat Plant

Tropical America

 

to 12 x
(30 x )

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes)

 

Propagation: By cuttings of foliage stems inserted in compost alongside in well-drained pots and plunged in fibre refuse in a temperature of 80F (27C) at any season, or the smaller growers may be spread upon the surface of pans of compost and covered with glass until rooted.

Suitable for

 

Stove evergreen moss-like plants, allied to ferns. Fronds creeping or erect, branched, green or variegated. First introduced mid-nineteenth century. Culture: Compost,equal parts fibrous peat and chopped shagnum moss. Position, pots, pans or rockeries in shade. Pot or plant, February or March. Water copiously April to September, moderately afterwards. Syringe daily April to September. Shade from sun. Temperature,
Stove species, September to March 55-65F (13-18C), March to September 70-80F (21-27C).

Stove Species.
Erect branching.

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Selaginella flabellata

Tropica and Subtropics

 

4-8 x
(10-20 x )

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes)

 

Propagation: By cuttings of foliage stems inserted in compost alongside in well-drained pots and plunged in fibre refuse in a temperature of 80F (27C) at any season, or the smaller growers may be spread upon the surface of pans of compost and covered with glass until rooted.

Suitable for

 

Stove evergreen moss-like plants, allied to ferns. Fronds creeping or erect, branched, green or variegated. First introduced mid-nineteenth century. Culture: Compost,equal parts fibrous peat and chopped shagnum moss. Position, pots, pans or rockeries in shade. Pot or plant, February or March. Water copiously April to September, moderately afterwards. Syringe daily April to September. Shade from sun. Temperature,
Stove species, September to March 55-65F (13-18C), March to September 70-80F (21-27C).

Stove Species.
 

selaginellaflabellatapforwikimediacommons

Selaginella flabellata (L.) Spring, 1843.
English: On the rainforest floor at Emerald Pool, Dominica, W.I.
Français : Selaginella flabellata, une Selaginellacée. Photo prise sur le sol en forêt ombrophile, près d'Emerald Pool, en Dominique. Date: 3 June 2006. By Hans Hillewaert via Wikimedia Commons.

Selaginella helvetica

 

 

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes)

 

Propagation: By cuttings of foliage stems inserted in compost alongside in well-drained pots and plunged in fibre refuse in a temperature of 80F (27C) at any season, or the smaller growers may be spread upon the surface of pans of compost and covered with glass until rooted.

Suitable for

 

Stove and Greenhouse evergreen moss-like plants, allied to ferns. Fronds creeping or erect, branched, green or variegated. First introduced mid-nineteenth century. Culture: Compost,equal parts fibrous peat and chopped shagnum moss. Position, pots, pans or rockeries in shade. Pot or plant, February or March. Water copiously April to September, moderately afterwards. Syringe daily April to September. Shade from sun. Temperature,
Stove species, September to March 55-65F (13-18C), March to September 70-80F (21-27C);
Greenhouse, September to March 40-50F (5-10C), March to September, 55-65F (13-18C).

Stove Species.
Greenhouse Species

selaginellahelveticapfol1wikimediacommons

 

selaginellahelveticapfor1wikimediacommons

Selaginella helvetica (sensu Fischer et al. EfÖLS 2008 ISBN 978-3-85474-
187-9; det. M. A. Fischer 2014-03-22).
Location: Blankhaufen, riparian forest near Traismauer, district Tulln, Lower Austria - ca. 190 m a.s.l.
Habitat: dry grassland within riparian forest. Date 22 March 2014. By Stefan.lefnaer, via Wikimedia Commons.

Selaginella helvetica. Date: 22 March 2014. By Stefan.lefnaer, via Wikimedia Commons.

English: Selaginella helvetica
Deutsch: Selaginella helvetica, Schweizer Moosfarn. Date: 11 May 2012. By Hermann Schachner, via Wikimedia Commons.

Selaginella helvetica. Date: 22 March 2014. By Stefan.lefnaer, via Wikimedia Commons.

selaginellahelveticapfol2wikimediacommons

 

selaginellahelveticapfor2wikimediacommons

Selaginella horizontalis

 

 

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes)

 

Propagation: By cuttings of foliage stems inserted in compost alongside in well-drained pots and plunged in fibre refuse in a temperature of 80F (27C) at any season, or the smaller growers may be spread upon the surface of pans of compost and covered with glass until rooted.

Suitable for

 

Stove and Greenhouse evergreen moss-like plants, allied to ferns. Fronds creeping or erect, branched, green or variegated. First introduced mid-nineteenth century. Culture: Compost,equal parts fibrous peat and chopped shagnum moss. Position, pots, pans or rockeries in shade. Pot or plant, February or March. Water copiously April to September, moderately afterwards. Syringe daily April to September. Shade from sun. Temperature,
Stove species, September to March 55-65F (13-18C), March to September 70-80F (21-27C);
Greenhouse, September to March 40-50F (5-10C), March to September, 55-65F (13-18C).

Stove Species.
Greenhouse Species

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Selaginella involvens

 

 

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes)

 

Propagation: By cuttings of foliage stems inserted in compost alongside in well-drained pots and plunged in fibre refuse in a temperature of 80F (27C) at any season, or the smaller growers may be spread upon the surface of pans of compost and covered with glass until rooted.

Suitable for

 

Stove and Greenhouse evergreen moss-like plants, allied to ferns. Fronds creeping or erect, branched, green or variegated. First introduced mid-nineteenth century. Culture: Compost,equal parts fibrous peat and chopped shagnum moss. Position, pots, pans or rockeries in shade. Pot or plant, February or March. Water copiously April to September, moderately afterwards. Syringe daily April to September. Shade from sun. Temperature,
Stove species, September to March 55-65F (13-18C), March to September 70-80F (21-27C);
Greenhouse, September to March 40-50F (5-10C), March to September, 55-65F (13-18C).

Stove Species.
Greenhouse Species

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Selaginella kraussiana
Speading Clubmoss

South Africa

 

 

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes)

 

Propagation: By cuttings of foliage stems inserted in compost alongside in well-drained pots and plunged in fibre refuse in a temperature of 80F (27C) at any season, or the smaller growers may be spread upon the surface of pans of compost and covered with glass until rooted.

Suitable for

 

Greenhouse evergreen moss-like plants, allied to ferns. Fronds creeping or erect, branched, green or variegated. First introduced mid-nineteenth century. Culture: Compost,equal parts fibrous peat and chopped shagnum moss. Position, pots, pans or rockeries in shade. Pot or plant, February or March. Water copiously April to September, moderately afterwards. Syringe daily April to September. Shade from sun. Temperature,
Greenhouse, September to March 40-50F (5-10C), March to September, 55-65F (13-18C).

Greenhouse Species.
Creeping or trailing.

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Selaginella kraussiana cultivars

 

 

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes)

 

Propagation: By cuttings of foliage stems inserted in compost alongside in well-drained pots and plunged in fibre refuse in a temperature of 80F (27C) at any season, or the smaller growers may be spread upon the surface of pans of compost and covered with glass until rooted.

Suitable for

 

Greenhouse evergreen moss-like plants, allied to ferns. Fronds creeping or erect, branched, green or variegated. First introduced mid-nineteenth century. Culture: Compost,equal parts fibrous peat and chopped shagnum moss. Position, pots, pans or rockeries in shade. Pot or plant, February or March. Water copiously April to September, moderately afterwards. Syringe daily April to September. Shade from sun. Temperature,
Greenhouse, September to March 40-50F (5-10C), March to September, 55-65F (13-18C).

Greenhouse Species

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Selaginella lepidophylla
Rose of Jericho/ Resurrection Plant

Texas

 

 

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes)

 

Propagation: By cuttings of foliage stems inserted in compost alongside in well-drained pots and plunged in fibre refuse in a temperature of 80F (27C) at any season, or the smaller growers may be spread upon the surface of pans of compost and covered with glass until rooted.

Suitable for

 

Stove evergreen moss-like plants, allied to ferns. Fronds creeping or erect, branched, green or variegated. First introduced mid-nineteenth century. Culture: Compost,equal parts fibrous peat and chopped shagnum moss. Position, pots, pans or rockeries in shade. Pot or plant, February or March. Water copiously April to September, moderately afterwards. Syringe daily April to September. Shade from sun. Temperature,
Stove species, September to March 55-65F (13-18C), March to September 70-80F (21-27C).

Stove Species.

Frequently sold as a curiosity.

Unechterosevonjerichoanimation

Selaginella lepidophylla öffnet sich - Unechte_rose_
von_jericho_
animation.gif ‎(800 × 600 pixels, file size: 9.69 MB, MIME type: image/gif, looped, 31 frames, 3.1 s). Date 23 December 2005. By Anna S. via Wikimedia Commons.

de:Unechte Rose of Jericho (Selaginella lepidophylla) im (aufgeblühten) geöffneten, feuchten Zustand (in unfolded condition), photo in december 2004 by Kristian Peters, via Wikimedia Commons.

selaginellalepidophyllapforwikimediacommons

Selaginella longipinna

 

 

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes)

 

Propagation: By cuttings of foliage stems inserted in compost alongside in well-drained pots and plunged in fibre refuse in a temperature of 80F (27C) at any season, or the smaller growers may be spread upon the surface of pans of compost and covered with glass until rooted.

Suitable for

 

Stove and Greenhouse evergreen moss-like plants, allied to ferns. Fronds creeping or erect, branched, green or variegated. First introduced mid-nineteenth century. Culture: Compost,equal parts fibrous peat and chopped shagnum moss. Position, pots, pans or rockeries in shade. Pot or plant, February or March. Water copiously April to September, moderately afterwards. Syringe daily April to September. Shade from sun. Temperature,
Stove species, September to March 55-65F (13-18C), March to September 70-80F (21-27C);
Greenhouse, September to March 40-50F (5-10C), March to September, 55-65F (13-18C).

Stove Species.
Greenhouse Species

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Selaginella martensii

Mexico

 

6-12 x
(15-30 x )

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes)

 

Propagation: By cuttings of foliage stems inserted in compost alongside in well-drained pots and plunged in fibre refuse in a temperature of 80F (27C) at any season, or the smaller growers may be spread upon the surface of pans of compost and covered with glass until rooted.

Suitable for

 

Greenhouse evergreen moss-like plants, allied to ferns. Fronds creeping or erect, branched, green or variegated. First introduced mid-nineteenth century. Culture: Compost,equal parts fibrous peat and chopped shagnum moss. Position, pots, pans or rockeries in shade. Pot or plant, February or March. Water copiously April to September, moderately afterwards. Syringe daily April to September. Shade from sun. Temperature,
Greenhouse, September to March 40-50F (5-10C), March to September, 55-65F (13-18C).

Greenhouse Species

selaginellamartensiipforwikimediacommons

Selaginella martensii. Date: 22 december 2009. By Attila2000 Emilio Nardelli, via Wikimedia Commons.

Selaginella martensii. By Jerzy Opioła, via Wikimedia Commons.

selaginellamartensiipfolwikimediacommons

Selaginella martensii cultivars

 

 

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes)

 

Propagation: By cuttings of foliage stems inserted in compost alongside in well-drained pots and plunged in fibre refuse in a temperature of 80F (27C) at any season, or the smaller growers may be spread upon the surface of pans of compost and covered with glass until rooted.

Suitable for

 

Greenhouse evergreen moss-like plants, allied to ferns. Fronds creeping or erect, branched, green or variegated. First introduced mid-nineteenth century. Culture: Compost,equal parts fibrous peat and chopped shagnum moss. Position, pots, pans or rockeries in shade. Pot or plant, February or March. Water copiously April to September, moderately afterwards. Syringe daily April to September. Shade from sun. Temperature,
Greenhouse, September to March 40-50F (5-10C), March to September, 55-65F (13-18C).

Greenhouse Species

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Selaginella mollis

 

 

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes)

 

Propagation: By cuttings of foliage stems inserted in compost alongside in well-drained pots and plunged in fibre refuse in a temperature of 80F (27C) at any season, or the smaller growers may be spread upon the surface of pans of compost and covered with glass until rooted.

Suitable for

 

Stove and Greenhouse evergreen moss-like plants, allied to ferns. Fronds creeping or erect, branched, green or variegated. First introduced mid-nineteenth century. Culture: Compost,equal parts fibrous peat and chopped shagnum moss. Position, pots, pans or rockeries in shade. Pot or plant, February or March. Water copiously April to September, moderately afterwards. Syringe daily April to September. Shade from sun. Temperature,
Stove species, September to March 55-65F (13-18C), March to September 70-80F (21-27C);
Greenhouse, September to March 40-50F (5-10C), March to September, 55-65F (13-18C).

Stove Species.
Greenhouse Species

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Selaginella oaxacana

 

 

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes)

 

Propagation: By cuttings of foliage stems inserted in compost alongside in well-drained pots and plunged in fibre refuse in a temperature of 80F (27C) at any season, or the smaller growers may be spread upon the surface of pans of compost and covered with glass until rooted.

Suitable for

 

Stove and Greenhouse evergreen moss-like plants, allied to ferns. Fronds creeping or erect, branched, green or variegated. First introduced mid-nineteenth century. Culture: Compost,equal parts fibrous peat and chopped shagnum moss. Position, pots, pans or rockeries in shade. Pot or plant, February or March. Water copiously April to September, moderately afterwards. Syringe daily April to September. Shade from sun. Temperature,
Stove species, September to March 55-65F (13-18C), March to September 70-80F (21-27C);
Greenhouse, September to March 40-50F (5-10C), March to September, 55-65F (13-18C).

Stove Species.
Greenhouse Species

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Selaginella pallescens

 

 

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes)

 

Propagation: By cuttings of foliage stems inserted in compost alongside in well-drained pots and plunged in fibre refuse in a temperature of 80F (27C) at any season, or the smaller growers may be spread upon the surface of pans of compost and covered with glass until rooted.

Suitable for

 

Stove and Greenhouse evergreen moss-like plants, allied to ferns. Fronds creeping or erect, branched, green or variegated. First introduced mid-nineteenth century. Culture: Compost,equal parts fibrous peat and chopped shagnum moss. Position, pots, pans or rockeries in shade. Pot or plant, February or March. Water copiously April to September, moderately afterwards. Syringe daily April to September. Shade from sun. Temperature,
Stove species, September to March 55-65F (13-18C), March to September 70-80F (21-27C);
Greenhouse, September to March 40-50F (5-10C), March to September, 55-65F (13-18C).

Stove Species.
Greenhouse Species

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Selaginella pilifera

 

 

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes)

 

Propagation: By cuttings of foliage stems inserted in compost alongside in well-drained pots and plunged in fibre refuse in a temperature of 80F (27C) at any season, or the smaller growers may be spread upon the surface of pans of compost and covered with glass until rooted.

Suitable for

 

Stove and Greenhouse evergreen moss-like plants, allied to ferns. Fronds creeping or erect, branched, green or variegated. First introduced mid-nineteenth century. Culture: Compost,equal parts fibrous peat and chopped shagnum moss. Position, pots, pans or rockeries in shade. Pot or plant, February or March. Water copiously April to September, moderately afterwards. Syringe daily April to September. Shade from sun. Temperature,
Stove species, September to March 55-65F (13-18C), March to September 70-80F (21-27C);
Greenhouse, September to March 40-50F (5-10C), March to September, 55-65F (13-18C).

Stove Species.
Greenhouse Species

selaginellapiliferapfolwikimediacommons

Selaginella pilifera. Date: 2004. By Sony Mavica, via Wikimedia Commons.

Selaginella pilifera. Date 2004. By Kurt Stüber via Wikimedia Commons

selaginellapiliferapforwikimediacommons

Selaginella plana

 

 

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes)

 

Propagation: By cuttings of foliage stems inserted in compost alongside in well-drained pots and plunged in fibre refuse in a temperature of 80F (27C) at any season, or the smaller growers may be spread upon the surface of pans of compost and covered with glass until rooted.

Suitable for

 

Stove and Greenhouse evergreen moss-like plants, allied to ferns. Fronds creeping or erect, branched, green or variegated. First introduced mid-nineteenth century. Culture: Compost,equal parts fibrous peat and chopped shagnum moss. Position, pots, pans or rockeries in shade. Pot or plant, February or March. Water copiously April to September, moderately afterwards. Syringe daily April to September. Shade from sun. Temperature,
Stove species, September to March 55-65F (13-18C), March to September 70-80F (21-27C);
Greenhouse, September to March 40-50F (5-10C), March to September, 55-65F (13-18C).

Stove Species.
Greenhouse Species

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Selaginella plumosa

 

 

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes)

 

Propagation: By cuttings of foliage stems inserted in compost alongside in well-drained pots and plunged in fibre refuse in a temperature of 80F (27C) at any season, or the smaller growers may be spread upon the surface of pans of compost and covered with glass until rooted.

Suitable for

 

Stove and Greenhouse evergreen moss-like plants, allied to ferns. Fronds creeping or erect, branched, green or variegated. First introduced mid-nineteenth century. Culture: Compost,equal parts fibrous peat and chopped shagnum moss. Position, pots, pans or rockeries in shade. Pot or plant, February or March. Water copiously April to September, moderately afterwards. Syringe daily April to September. Shade from sun. Temperature,
Stove species, September to March 55-65F (13-18C), March to September 70-80F (21-27C);
Greenhouse, September to March 40-50F (5-10C), March to September, 55-65F (13-18C).

Stove Species.
Greenhouse Species

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Selaginella serpens

 

 

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes)

 

Propagation: By cuttings of foliage stems inserted in compost alongside in well-drained pots and plunged in fibre refuse in a temperature of 80F (27C) at any season, or the smaller growers may be spread upon the surface of pans of compost and covered with glass until rooted.

Suitable for

 

Stove and Greenhouse evergreen moss-like plants, allied to ferns. Fronds creeping or erect, branched, green or variegated. First introduced mid-nineteenth century. Culture: Compost,equal parts fibrous peat and chopped shagnum moss. Position, pots, pans or rockeries in shade. Pot or plant, February or March. Water copiously April to September, moderately afterwards. Syringe daily April to September. Shade from sun. Temperature,
Stove species, September to March 55-65F (13-18C), March to September 70-80F (21-27C);
Greenhouse, September to March 40-50F (5-10C), March to September, 55-65F (13-18C).

Stove Species.
Greenhouse Species

selaginellaserpenspforwikimediacommons

Selaginella serpens (Desv. ex Poir.) Spring 1843. Photo from Berlin Botanical Gardens Berlin-Dahlem. Date: November 2005. By User:BotBln, via Wikimedia Commons.

Selaginella umbrosa

 

 

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes)

 

Propagation: By cuttings of foliage stems inserted in compost alongside in well-drained pots and plunged in fibre refuse in a temperature of 80F (27C) at any season, or the smaller growers may be spread upon the surface of pans of compost and covered with glass until rooted.

Suitable for

 

Stove and Greenhouse evergreen moss-like plants, allied to ferns. Fronds creeping or erect, branched, green or variegated. First introduced mid-nineteenth century. Culture: Compost,equal parts fibrous peat and chopped shagnum moss. Position, pots, pans or rockeries in shade. Pot or plant, February or March. Water copiously April to September, moderately afterwards. Syringe daily April to September. Shade from sun. Temperature,
Stove species, September to March 55-65F (13-18C), March to September 70-80F (21-27C);
Greenhouse, September to March 40-50F (5-10C), March to September, 55-65F (13-18C).

Stove Species.
Greenhouse Species

selaginellaumbrosapforwikimediacommons

Selaginella umbrosa 17 juin 2006 Vieux jardin botanique de Göttingen. By Valérie75, via Wikimedia Commons.
 

Selaginella uncinata (Selaginella caesia)
Blue Selaginella/ Rainbow Moss

China

 

 

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes)

 

Propagation: By cuttings of foliage stems inserted in compost alongside in well-drained pots and plunged in fibre refuse in a temperature of 80F (27C) at any season, or the smaller growers may be spread upon the surface of pans of compost and covered with glass until rooted.

Suitable for

 

Greenhouse evergreen moss-like plants, allied to ferns. Fronds creeping or erect, branched, green or variegated. First introduced mid-nineteenth century. Culture: Compost,equal parts fibrous peat and chopped shagnum moss. Position, pots, pans or rockeries in shade. Pot or plant, February or March. Water copiously April to September, moderately afterwards. Syringe daily April to September. Shade from sun. Temperature,
Greenhouse, September to March 40-50F (5-10C), March to September, 55-65F (13-18C).

Greenhouse Species.
Trailing.

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Selaginella uncinata - Blue spikemoss or Peacock Spikemoss (China). Date: 4 May 2008. By 天問 小窩 , via Wikimedia Commons.
 

Selaginella wallacei

 

 

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes)

 

Propagation: By cuttings of foliage stems inserted in compost alongside in well-drained pots and plunged in fibre refuse in a temperature of 80F (27C) at any season, or the smaller growers may be spread upon the surface of pans of compost and covered with glass until rooted.

Suitable for

 

Stove and Greenhouse evergreen moss-like plants, allied to ferns. Fronds creeping or erect, branched, green or variegated. First introduced mid-nineteenth century. Culture: Compost,equal parts fibrous peat and chopped shagnum moss. Position, pots, pans or rockeries in shade. Pot or plant, February or March. Water copiously April to September, moderately afterwards. Syringe daily April to September. Shade from sun. Temperature,
Stove species, September to March 55-65F (13-18C), March to September 70-80F (21-27C);
Greenhouse, September to March 40-50F (5-10C), March to September, 55-65F (13-18C).

Stove Species.
Greenhouse Species

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Selaginella wallichii

Penang

 

 

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes)

 

Propagation: By cuttings of foliage stems inserted in compost alongside in well-drained pots and plunged in fibre refuse in a temperature of 80F (27C) at any season, or the smaller growers may be spread upon the surface of pans of compost and covered with glass until rooted.

Suitable for

 

Stove evergreen moss-like plants, allied to ferns. Fronds creeping or erect, branched, green or variegated. First introduced mid-nineteenth century. Culture: Compost,equal parts fibrous peat and chopped shagnum moss. Position, pots, pans or rockeries in shade. Pot or plant, February or March. Water copiously April to September, moderately afterwards. Syringe daily April to September. Shade from sun. Temperature,
Stove species, September to March 55-65F (13-18C), March to September 70-80F (21-27C).

Stove Species.
Tall, erect, dense.

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Selaginella wildenovii
Electric Fern

Tropical Asia

 

 

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes)

 

Propagation: By cuttings of foliage stems inserted in compost alongside in well-drained pots and plunged in fibre refuse in a temperature of 80F (27C) at any season, or the smaller growers may be spread upon the surface of pans of compost and covered with glass until rooted.

Suitable for

 

Stove evergreen moss-like plants, allied to ferns. Fronds creeping or erect, branched, green or variegated. First introduced mid-nineteenth century. Culture: Compost,equal parts fibrous peat and chopped shagnum moss. Position, pots, pans or rockeries in shade. Pot or plant, February or March. Water copiously April to September, moderately afterwards. Syringe daily April to September. Shade from sun. Temperature,
Stove species, September to March 55-65F (13-18C), March to September 70-80F (21-27C).

Stove Species.
Climbing.

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Selaginella willdenowii - Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Miami, FL. Date: 10 December 2007. By Scott Zona, via Wikimedia Commons.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

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Page structure amended December 2012.
Gallery structure changed November 2018.
Chris Garnons-Williams.

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Fern Grower's Manual by Barbara Joe Hoshizaki & Robbin C. Moran. Revised and Expanded Edition. Published in 2001 by Timber Press, Inc. Reprinted 2002, 2006. ISBN-13:978-0-88192-495-4.
"This book is mainly written for people seriously interested in growing ferns, knowing their names and what makes them similar or different, and appreciating their diversity. It is not a coffee-table book, nor a chatty type of garden book meant for light reading. Beginning fern amateurs may find more information than they need, but they will also find information useful at their level. Although this book primarily is a reference, it is also for browsing and gleaning bits of information not readily found elsewhere.
The core information in this book will be particularly helpful to plant people who want to grow or identify different ferns and fern allies." from the Preface to the above book.