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Flower. Photo from R. V. Roger

Foliage

See illustration from Kew's Collections

Form

Click on photos from Pacific Rim Native Plant Nursery in Canada

Plant Name

Lilium nepalense - Species

Common Name

The Lily of Nepal

Soil

Well-drained Acidic Sand

Sun Aspect

Roots in the shade from other plants, the flowers in the Full Sun or Part Shade

Soil Moisture

Moist - see Introduction for further planting and cultivation details in the ground and pots. Plant 3, 7 or 11 bulbs in clumps in the ground from December-April. Once flowering is over you will need to stop watering so that the plant can die back naturally- see below in Comments row.

Plant Type

Herbaceous Bulb

Height x Spread in inches (cms)
(1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot = 30 cms,
24 inches = 2 feet,
3 feet = 1 yard,
40 inches = 100 cms)

36 -54 x 16 (90-135 x 40)

Foliage

Green

Flower Colour in Month(s). Seed

Lime-Green recurved hood with royal Purple throats and spots in June-July

Comment

"The Wild species are natives to North America, Europe, and Asia. Wild species are the kind that still occur growing in the wild and which haven't yet been affected by hybridization. Lilium auratum (Gold-banded Lily) is one of the most beautiful of the wild species. It bears up to thirty-five, star-shaped, highly aromatic flowers per stem, usually in August and sometimes in September. The large flowers can reach a diameter of 10 to 12 inches. They are white with a golden-yellow stripe down the center and numerous tiny red speckles. Lilium lancifolium (Tiger Lily) is a well-known native of Japan and China. Its flowers are borne in late summer atop 4- to 5-foot stems. They consist of reflexed, bright red or orange-red petals covered with little speckles. An interesting characteristic of this flower is that bulbils appear in the leaf axils. This Lily has a played an important part in the development of the Asiatic hybrids and other lilies." from Botany.com.

"An absolutely stunning species that bears large, drooping lime-green bells. The inside of each flower is a dark maroon or purple. Between 1 and 3 flowers are normally produced. Best grown in a cool greenhouse and give it plenty of root space as they like to travel. Height: 60-100cm." from R. V. Roger.

"Not surprisingly the rare species Nepalese lily - or Lily of Nepal as it's commonly called - is considered to be one of the most beautiful of all the lilies. Originating from the south of the Himalayas it's natural habitat spreads from Northern Indian to Nepal and Bhutan. Typically, it grows in wet forest borders, between 1200m and 3000m above sea level.

Lilium nepalense is much-prized for its large funnel-shaped flowers which can be as many as eight on each stem. They are richly coloured, open trumpet shaped blooms with a lime-green, recurved hood. With a suitable background or foil, this contrasts dramatically with their royal-purple throats and spots. Normally unscented, you will also find that these spectacular downward-facing blooms are perfect for flower arranging as they can lasts for days once cut.

Best suited to the cool greenhouse, the Nepalese Lily will also happily grow outside so long as it isn’t susceptible to extremes of temperatures and conditions. It prefers a slightly acidic, humus rich and free-draining soil, so if you are planting outside add plenty of leaf mould and horticultural grit to your soil. Like clematis, the Lily of Nepal needs to keeps its roots in the shade while its head stays in either semi-shade or full sun so make sure that it gets a good top dressing of either gravel, ornamental or composted bark to keep the heat off the soil.

Keep it moist during the spring until it comes into flower from June to July, and if you are using the Nepalese Lily as a specimen plant - rather than for ornamental height amongst the borders -then it may well need additional support. Like other lilies it will reach heights of between 3ft and 4ft.

Once flowering is over you will need to stop watering so that the plant can die back naturally. That way it can absorb valuable carbohydrates and nutrients back into the corm. However, if watering is continued then you may find that when it comes to lifting and storage, your corm may have rotted away.

If they were grown or planted in the ground while still in their pots, the pots can be lifted and turned on their side – that way they can also avoid natural watering from seasonal, heavy down-pours. Once spring returns, watering can begin again as this will replicate the melting snow normally found in its natural environment. Surprisingly, once this plant becomes established it seems to be quite tolerant of drought." from The Garden of Eaden.

"Gardeners keep losing this beauty. The secret of longer life is at the end of this description. The bulb is stoloniferous. It roves underground (a Houdini in a pot), producing many smaller bulbs on strings. Native to open scrub in the high mountains of Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, India, Myanmar (Burma), Tibet (Xizang) and Yunnan province in China. Height to 120 cm (4.5'). Lilium nepalense is Zone 5, but it abhors fall and winter wet. If that's likely to be a problem where you are, grow it outdoors under an overhang or in a frame or glasshouse. Some people even overwinter these treasures bagged in peat in the refrigerator. " from Pacific Rim Native Plant Nursery.

"Set amongst the beautiful Northamptonshire countryside, this 60 acre, private woodland garden (Evenley Wood Garden) offers a huge variety of plants ranging from trees, shrubs and climbers, to a wide selection of bulbs, including a substantial collection of lilies."

Available from R. V. Roger and Rare Plants with Plant Buddy in America and Pacific Rim Native Plant Nursery in Canada

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Single Flower

Single Leaf

Fruit

 

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HIPPEASTRUM AND LILY BULB GALLERY PAGES
Site Map of pages with content (o)

Introduction

FLOWER COLOUR
(o)Bicolour
Blue
(o)Green
(o)Orange
(o)Pink
(o)Purple
(o)Red
Unusual Colours
(o)White
(o)Yellow

FOLIAGE COLOUR
(o)Green
Other Colour

LILY DIVISION
(o)I Asiatic Hybrids
(o)II Martagon Hybrids
III Candidum Hybrids
IV American Hybrids
(o)V Longiflorum Hybrids
(o)VI Trumpet Hybrids
(o)VII Oriental Hybrids
(o)VIII Miscellaneous Hybrids
(o)IX Species
(o)Unspecified

HIPPEASTRUM
Species
Cultivars

SEED/BULB COLOUR
Seed/Bulb

BED PICTURES
Garden

Lilium INDEX link to Bulb Description Page

Flower Colour

Flowering Months

Above all, it must be remembered that lilies do not like wet feet; they must have good drainage. The lily bulb is never completely dormant. Lilies like to have their feet in the shade and their heads in the sun. This shade can be provided by shrubs or perennials.

I Asiatic Hybrid Lilies

Lilium 'Apollo'
Lilium 'Cancun'
...
Lilium 'Citronella'
...
Lilium 'Claire'
Lilium Cote 'd'Azur'
Lilium 'Fata Morgana'
Lilium 'Gironde'
Lilium 'Gran Paradiso'
Lilium 'Kingdom'
Lilium 'King Pete'
...
Lilium 'Lennox'
Lilium 'Lollpop'
...
Lilium 'Montreux'
Lilium 'Orange County'
Lilium 'Prunotto'
Lilium 'Rosella's Dream'

Yellow, red-speckled
Golden-Yellow edged in Orange-Red
Black or Red-spotted, bright Yellow
Red
Fuchsia-Pink
Yellow, Maroon spots
Golden-Yellow
Red
White
Lemon-Yellow with Brown freckles
White
Pink with Creamy-White speckled throat
Dusky Pink
Orange
Red
Cream with Pink tips

June, July
June, July
...
June, July
...
June, July
June, July
June
June, July, August
June, July
June, July
June, July
...
June, July
June, July
...
June, July
June, July
June, July, August
June, July, August

I Dwarf Asiatic Hybrid Lilies

Lilium 'Buff Pixie'
Lilium 'Butter Pixie'
Lilium 'Ceb Crimson'
Lilium 'Inuvik'
Lilium 'Pink Pixie'
Lilium 'Tailor Made'

Buff Orange
Golden-Yellow
Crimson
White
Buff with Pink tips
Orange

June, July
June, July
June, July
June, July
June, July
June, July

II Martagon Hybrid Lilies

Lilium x marhan 'Mrs R.O. Backhouse'

Golden-Orange speckled with Purple dots

May, June
...

V Longiflorum Hybrid Lilies

Lilium formosanum var. pricei 'Snow Queen'

Creamy-White
...

July, August
...

VI Trumpet Hybrid Lilies

Lilium 'African Queen'
Lilium 'Golden
Splendour
'
Lilium 'Pink Perfection'
Lilium 'Regale'
...

Burnt-Orange
Gold with Maroon stripe on reverse
Purple-Pink
White with Yellow Throat, flushed Purple outside

July, August
July, August
...
June, July
July
...

VII Oriental Hybrid Lilies

Lilium 'Acapulco'
Lilium 'Arena'
...
Lilium 'Barbaresco'
...
Lilium 'Bergamo'
...
Lilium 'Black Beauty'
Lilium 'Casa Blanca'
Lilium 'Cobra'
...
Lilium 'Con Amore'
...
Lilium 'Garden Party'
Lilium 'La Reve'
...
Lilium 'Mona Lisa'
...
Lilium 'Robert Swanson'
Lilium 'Siberia'
Lilium 'Starfighter'
...
Lilium 'Star Gazer'
Lilium 'Visa Versa'

Pink with freckles
White with Yellow and Red band
Reddish-Pink with
spots
Pink with Yellow
markings
Red, margins White
White
Magenta, White
margins
Purplish-Pink, Red
spots
White, Red stripe
Pink with Yellow hearts and Pink speckles
Reddish-Purple with White edge
Red, edged Yellow
White
Purplish-Red, White tips and edges
Red with dark spots
Deep Pink

July
July, August
...
June
...
July, August
...
July, August
July, August
July, August
...
July, August
...
July, August
June, July
...
July, August
...
July, August, September
July, August
June, July
...
July, August
July, August

VIII Miscellaneous Lilies

Lilium 'Conca d'Or'
...
Lilium 'Red Dutch'
...
Lilium 'Triumphator'
...

Yellow, pale Yellow
edges
Red-Orange, Yellow
edges
Red, White tips
and edges

July, August
...
July, August
...
July, August
...

IX Species Lilies

Lilium auratum
Lilium cernuum
...
Lilium duchartrei
Lilium formosanum
...
Lilium formosanum
pricei

Lilium hansonii
...
Lilium henryi
Lilium leichtilinii
Lilium martagon
...
Lilium nepalense
...
Lilium pardalinum
...
Lilium superbum
...
Lilium wallichianum
...

White, Gold bands
Pink, Carmine
markings
White, Purple veins
White
...
White
...
Yellow-Orange with Chestnut spotting
Orange spotted Black
Yellow, Purple spots
Pink-Purple,
dark spots
Lime-Green,
Purple throat
Red-Orange,
Brown spots
Yellow to Orange with Purple dots
White to
Creamy-Yellow

August, September
June, July
...
June, July
August, September,
October
August, September,
October
June
...
August
July, August
June, July
...
June, July
...
July
...
July, August
...
October, November
...

Unspecified Lilies

Lilium lancifolium
'Splendens'

Lilium speciosum
'Rubrum'

Orange-Red with
Black spots
Crimson-Red with White edge and spotted

June, July,
August, September
August, September,
October

 

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