<-------- Title of Page

(o) in front of Page Name or Index Page No in this Main Menu Table indicates that all pages linked to from that cell have content.

SPRING FOLIAGE COLOUR
with Foliage Stalk and Form

Index Page No.

AUTUMN FOLIAGE COLOUR
with Foliage Stalk and Form

Index Page No.

CULTIVAR GROUP with Flowers
Erica Hardy Heaths:-

Index Page No.

CULTIVAR GROUP with Flowers
Erica Hardy Heaths:-

Index Page No.

HEATHER EVERGREEN SHRUB
INDEX GALLERY PAGES

Index Page No.


Site Map

Introduction

Index Page No.

Click on Colour below to change to its Heather Flower Colour Page with Flower and Flower Stalk

Spr-Bronze

1

(o) Aut-Bronze

(o) 1

Erica garforthensis

(o) 1

Erica tetralix

1

CULTIVAR GROUP with Flowers

 

FLOWERING SEASON
with Flower and Flower Stalk

 

(o) H0
White
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1e1a1b

Index Page No.

(o) H1 Amethyst
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1q1a1

Index Page No.

H2
Mauve
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1a1a1a

Index Page No.

(o) Spr-Green

(o) 1

(o) Aut-Green

(o)
1 2

Erica gaudificans

(o) 1

Erica umbellata

1

Andromeda

(o) 1

(o) January
Winter

(o)
1 2

(o) 1

(o) 1

1

Spr-Grey

1

(o) Aut-Grey

(o) 1

(o) Erica x griffithsii

(o) 1

Erica vagans

1

Bruckenthalia spiculifolia changed to
Erica spiculifolia

1

(o)February
Winter

(o)
1 2

(o) H3
Lavender
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1c1a1a

(o) 1

H4
Lilac
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1d1a1a

1

H5
Ruby
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1f1a1a

1

(o) Spr-Orange

(o) 1

Aut-Orange

1

Erica krameri

(o) 1

Erica veitchii

1

(o) Calluna

(o) 1

(o) March
Spring

(o)
1 2

Spr-Red

1

Aut-Red

1

(o) Erica lusitanica

(o) 1

Erica watsonii

1

(o) Daboecia

(o) 1

(o) April
Spring

(o)
1 2

H6
Cerise
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1g1a1a

1

(o) H7
Rose Pink
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1h1a1a

(o) 1

(o) H8
Pink
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1i1a1a

(o) 1

(o) Spr-Yellow

(o) 1

(o) Aut-Yellow

(o) 1

(o) Erica mackayana

(o) 1

Erica williamsii

1

Erica Hardy Heaths:-

 

(o) May
Spring

(o) 1

(o) Spr-Other Colour

(o) 1

Aut-Other Colour

1

Erica maderensis

(o) 1

 

 

Erica x afroeuropea

(o) 1

(o) June
Summer

(o) 1

(o) H9
Beetroot
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1j1a1a

(o) 1

(o) H10
Purple
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1k1a1a

(o) 1

(o) H11
Lilac Pink
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1l1a1a

(o) 1

 

 

 

 

(o) Erica manipuliflora

(o) 1

 

 

Erica andevalensis now treated as Erica mackayana ssp andevalensis

1

(o) July
Summer

(o) 1

SUMMER FOLIAGE COLOUR
with Foliage Stalk and Form

 

WINTER FOLIAGE COLOUR
with Foliage Stalk and Form

 

Erica multiflora

1

SEED COLOUR

 

(o) Erica arborea

(o) 1

(o) August
Summer

(o) 1

(o) H12 Heliotrope
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1m1a1a

(o) 1

H13 Crimson
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1n1a1a

1

(o) H14 Magenta
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1o1a1a

(o) 1

(o) Sum-Bronze

(o) 1

(o) Win-Bronze

(o) 1

(o) Erica
oldenburgensis

(o) 1

Seed

1

(o) Erica x arendsiana

(o) 1

(o) September
Autumn

(o) 1

(o) Sum-Green

(o)
1 2

(o) Win-Green

(o)
1 2

Erica platycodon

1

 

 

(o) Erica australis

(o) 1

(o) October
Autumn

(o) 1

H15 Salmon

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1p1a1a

1

(o) H16
Shell Pink

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1b1a1a

(o) 1

(o) H17 Multi-Coloured
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1e1a1a1

(o) 1

Sum-Grey

1

Win-Grey

1

Erica scoparia

1

BED PICTURES

 

(o) Erica azorica
(Syn.
Erica scoparia subsp. azorica)

(o) 1

(o) November
Autumn

(o) 1

Sum-Orange

1

(o) Win-Orange

(o) 1

Erica sicula

1

Garden

1

(o) Erica carnea

(o)
1 2

(o) December
Winter

(o) 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sum-Red

1

(o) Win-Red

(o) 1

(o) Erica spiculifolia

(o) 1

 

 

(o) Erica ciliaris

(o) 1

 

 

 

 

Website Structure Explanation and
User Guidelines

 

 

 

(o) Sum-Yellow

(o) 1

(o) Win-Yellow

(o) 1

(o) Erica stuartii

(o) 1


(o) COMMENTS

(o) Erica cinerea

(o) 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sum-Other Colour

1

(o) Win-Other Colour

(o) 1

Erica terminalis

1

(o) Erica x darleyensis

(o) 1

The 2 rows of "Height x Spread in inches (cms) (1 inch = 2.5 cms, 12" = 1 foot = 30 cms) and Comment" state the Heather Description from 'Handy Guide to Heathers Descriptions & Suppliers of over 1000 varieties" by David & Anne Small, published in 1992 by Denbeigh Heather Nurseries (ISBN 0-9519160-0-9). This gives the official Heather Society flower colour(s) and foliage colour(s).
Photos from Chris Garnons-Williams are added to that respective flower colour or foliage colour page in the Shrub Heather Gallery and the relevant index page in this gallery IRRESPECTIVE OF THE ACTUAL FLOWER COLOUR OR FOLIAGE COLOUR (stated in the Handy Guide) IN THE IMAGE THAT WAS TAKEN BY CHRIS GARNONS-WILLIAMS.

(o) Erica erigena

(o) 1

End of Main Menu - See Sub-Menu and Data below:-

Ivydene Gardens Heather Evergreen Shrub Index
Gallery:
Green Foliage in the Summer Index -
Page 2 of 2

Topic
Case Studies
Companion Planting
Garden Construction
Garden Design
Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants
Soil
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
Bulb
Climber
Colour Wheel
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evergreen

 

...Heather Shrub
...Heather Index *
......Andromeda
......
Bruckenthalia
......Calluna
......Daboecia
......Erica: Carnea
......Erica: Cinerea
......Erica: Others


Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods

Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable

Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

 

 

 

 

Heather Evergreen Shrub Cultivar or Hybrid Name
with link to its Description Page

Erica scoparia
ssp azorica

Erica x stuartii 'Connemara'

Erica carnea
'Atrorubra'

 

 

 

 

 

Flower Bud

item2g1a42

Photo from
 

Ericastuartiiconnemaraflobudgarnonswilliams

Photo from
August 2013

item2g1a42b

Photo from
 

item2g1a39b

item2g1a38b

item2g1a37b

item2g1a36b

 

Flower Bud Stalk

item2g1a29

Photo from
 

item2g1a29a

Photo from
 

Ericacarneaatrorubraflobudstalkgarnonswilliams

Photo from
February 2015

item2g1a32b

item2g1a33b

item2g1a34b

item2g1a35b

 

Flower and Flower Colour
with link to its
Flower Colour Page

Ericaazoricaflokavanagh

Tiny chestnut flowers allocated to
Multi-coloured - H17

Photo from
May 2013
 

Ericastuartiiconnemaraflogarnonswilliams

Magenta - H14

Photo from
August 2013

Ericacarneaatrorubraflogarnonswilliams

Deep Pink - H8

Photo from
February 2015
 

item2g1a25b

item2g1a24b

item2g1a23b

item2g1a22b

 

Flower Stalk

Ericaazoricaflostalkkavanagh

Photo of flower stalk from
May 2013

Ericastuartiiconnemaraflostalkgarnonswilliams

Photo of flower stalk from
August 2013

Ericacarneaatrorubraflostalkgarnonswilliams

Photo of flower stalk from
February 2015
 

item2g1a18b

item2g1a19b

item2g1a20b

item2g1a21b

 

Flowers

Ericaazoricafloskavanagh

Photo of flowers from
May 2013

Ericastuartiiconnemaraflosgarnonswilliams

Photo of flowers and seedheads from
August 2013

Ericacarneaatrorubraflosgarnonswilliams

Photo of flowers from
February 2015
 

item2g1a11d

item2g1a10b

item2g1a9b

item2g1a8b

 

Seed

item2g1a11b

Ericastuartiiconnemaraseedgarnonswilliams

Juvenile Seeds from
August 2013

item2g1a11b1

 

 

 

 

 

Seedhead

item2g1a11c

Ericastuartiiconnemaraseedheadgarnonswilliams

Seedhead with Flower cluster from
August 2013

item2g1a11c1

 

 

 

 

 

Flowering Months with link to its Flowering Month Page

May,
June

July,
August,
September

January,
February,
March,
April,
May

 

 

 

 

 

Height x Spread in inches (cms) (1 inch = 2.5 cms, 12" = 1 foot = 30 cms)
and Comment

40 x 30 (100 x 75)

An erect growing shrub with bright green foliage chiefly grown for its neat habit and a characteristic curl in its foliage. Very tiny dark chestnut flowers

10 x 20 (25 x 50)

Magenta (H14) flowers, July-September, with dark grey green foliage. Loose spreading habit. This was the original clone and until 1979 was known simply as Erica x praegeri.
Does get damaged but recovers in coldest winters in PNW (Zone 7).

6 x 16 (15 x 40)

Deep Pink (H8) flowers, January-May, with mid green foliage.

 

 

 

 

Fol-iage Stalk Col-our

Spring
with link to its
Spring Foliage Colour Page

Ericaazoricafolsprkavanagh

Bright Green

Photo from
May 2013

item2g1a1

Dark Grey-Green

Photo from
 

item2g1a1c

Mid Green

Photo from
 

item2g1a4b

item2g1a5b

item2g1a6b

item2g1a7b

Summer with link to its
Summer Foliage Colour Page

Ericaazoricafolsumkavanagh

Bright Green

Photo from
August 2013
 

Ericastuartiiconnemarafolsumgarnonswilliams

Dark Grey-Green

Photo from
August 2013

item2g1a1b1

Mid Green

Photo from
 

item2g1a46b

item2g1a47b

item2g1a48b

item2g1a49b

Autumn with link to its
Autumn Foliage Colour Page

Ericaazoricafolautgarnonswilliams

Bright Green

Photo from
October 2014
 

item2g1a50

Dark Grey-Green

Photo from
 

item2g1a50b

Mid Green

Photo from
 

item2g1a53b

item2g1a54b

item2g1a55b

item2g1a56b

Winter
with link to its
Winter Foliage Colour Page

item2g1a59

Bright Green

Photo from
 

item2g1a59a

Dark Grey-Green

Photo from
 

Ericacarneaatrorubrafolwingarnonswilliams

Mid Green

Photo from
February 2015
 

item2g1a60c

item2g1a61a

item2g1a62a

item2g1a63a

Form dis-plays Over-all Fol-iage Col-our

Spring form
with link to supplier in the UK

Ericaazoricaforsprkavanagh

 

Photo of form from
May 2013

item2g1a64

 

Photo of form from
 

item2g1a64b

 

Photo of form from
 

item2g1a67b

item2g1a68b

item2g1a69b

item2g1a70b

Summer form with link to supplier in Europe

Heather's Heide online shop from Holland is closed on Sunday

Ericaazoricaforsumkavanagh

Heather's Heide

Photo of form from
August 2013

Ericastuartiiconnemaraforsumgarnonswilliams

Heather's Heide and
Dauguet Nurseries in France

Photo of form from
August 2013

item2g1a71b

Heather's Heide

Photo of form from
 

item2g1a74b

item2g1a75b

item2g1a76b

item2g1a77b

Autumn form with link to supplier in USA

Ericaazoricaforautgarnonswilliams

Heaths and Heathers

Photo of form from
October 2014

item2g1a78

Heaths and Heathers

Photo of form from
 

item2g1a78b

Heaths and Heathers

Photo of form from
 

item2g1a81b

item2g1a82b

item2g1a83b

item2g1a84b

Winter form
with link to supplier in Canada

item2g1a85

 

Photo of form from
 

item2g1a85a

 

Photo of form from
 

Ericacarneaatrorubraforwingarnonswilliams

 

Photo of form from
February 2015

item2g1a88b

item2g1a89b

item2g1a90b

item2g1a91b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Anyone during the summer months, who has walked over the moor lands throughout the British Isles will appreciate the magnificent mass of colour provided by Heathers. Heathers are native to not only the British Isles, but also much of mainland Europe to northern Italy and as far north as Iceland. Due to seed of our native Calluna vulgaris (Scotch Heather) being accidentally introduced on packaging materials, it has also become naturalised in parts of Nova Scotia and Eastern Canada.

We had better point out that there are more heather species (Erica) in South Africa than anywhere else in the world. Many of these have been introduced and sold as pot grown house plants, which if after flowering they are planted out in the garden, then they will die during the winter months. So do make sure the heather you are purchasing is hardy enough to be grown outdoors in the garden.

Most of the heathers require a fertile, moist, but not waterlogged, acid soil. By incorporating plenty of composted bark, or peat, we grow them quite successfully in a sandy loam of Ph6.5, which is almost neutral. If you garden on soils with a high lime content, it is better to create beds raised 15/20cm above your normal soil level and infill this with half and half JI 3 compost and composted bark, or peat. Heathers can also be grown in tubs, or troughs, but Calluna’s and Erica cinerea hate hot feet, but both species like an open sunny site and will not produce so many flowers if grown in dense shade. The winter flowering heather, Erica carnea, is a mountain plant consequently it will tolerate drier soils and warmer sites and will grow in fertile soils of PH7 with less bark, or peat being used.

FLOWERING TIMES
Erica carnea is a superb winter flowering, dwarf evergreen shrub. Over 130 named forms have been introduced varying in size, foliage and flower colour. Flowering time is usually from December to March when there is little else in flower.

Erica erigena is a strong growing shrub, which will attain between 75 cm and 2 metres and flowers during April and May. It has sported a number of foliage and flower cultivars, but they will not tolerate wet feet and exposed sites, but the hybrids between this species and Erica carnea are named Erica x darleyensis and these - although almost as tough as Erica carnea - are much stronger growers growing between 45 and 70cms in height. The x darleyensis cultivars produce flowers from white through to dark amethyst - all flower from December to May.

The tree heather, Erica arborea forms a small tree in Southern Europe where its roots are used to make briar pipes, but it is very tender. However, the variety alpina has been growing in our nursery showground for many years where - if left to its own devices - would attain 2-3 metres in height. It is massed with honey scented white flowers in April-May.

Erica cinerea is a superb low growing shrub which, according to cultivar, is massed with flowers of varying colours from June to September. Daboecia cantabrica also flowers at this time with attractive urn shaped flowers. The sub species scotica is lower growing and freer flowering.

Although there is only one species in Calluna vulgaris; over 600 named cultivars have been introduced, varying from dwarfs of 7cms to those which attain 60cms and with foliage of green, silver, or yellow. The flowers also vary from white to beetroot-red and appear from late June to September. Erica vagans, the Cornish Heath brings the season to a close; its stiff, upright branches produce masses of white, lavender, or pink flowers in September-October.

PRUNING
All of the summer flowering heathers can be pruned after flowering, or the brown seed heads left on until April. Erica arborea alpina and the x darleyensis hybrids can if room allows, be left to their own devices. If room is restricted they can be pruned over as soon as their flowers have faded.

" from Goscote Nurseries.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heather Evergreen Shrub Cultivar or Hybrid Name
with link to its Description Page

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Flower Bud

item2g1a42b1

Photo from
 

item2g1a41a1

item2g1a40a1

item2g1a39a1

item2g1a38a1

item2g1a37a1

item2g1a36a1

 

Flower Bud Stalk

item2g1a29b1

Photo from
 

item2g1a30a1

item2g1a31a1

item2g1a32a1

item2g1a33a1

item2g1a34a1

item2g1a35a1

 

Flower and Flower Colour
with link to its
Flower Colour Page

item2g1a28b1

White - H0

Photo from
 

item2g1a27a1

item2g1a26a1

item2g1a25a1

item2g1a24a1

item2g1a23a1

item2g1a22a1

 

Flower Stalk

item2g1a15b1

Photo of flower stalk from
 

item2g1a16a1

item2g1a17a1

item2g1a18a1

item2g1a19a1

item2g1a20a1

item2g1a21a1

 

Flowers

item2g1a14b1

Photo of flowers from
 

item2g1a13a1

item2g1a12a1

item2g1a11a1

item2g1a10a1

item2g1a9a1

item2g1a8a1

 

Seed

item2g1a11b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Seedhead

item2g1a11c1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Flowering Months

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Height x Spread in inches (cms) (1 inch = 2.5 cms, 12" = 1 foot = 30 cms)
and Comment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fol-iage Stalk Col-our

Spring
with link to its
Spring Foliage Colour Page

item2g1a1c1

Dark Green

Photo from
 

item2g1a3a1

item2g1a2a1

item2g1a4a1

item2g1a5a1

item2g1a6a1

item2g1a7a1

Summer with link to its
Summer Foliage Colour Page

item2g1a1b1a

Dark Green

Photo from
 

item2g1a44a1

item2g1a45a1

item2g1a46a1

item2g1a47a1

item2g1a48a1

item2g1a49a1

Autumn with link to its
Autumn Foliage Colour Page

item2g1a50b1

Dark Green

Photo from
 

item2g1a51a1

item2g1a52a1

item2g1a53a1

item2g1a54a1

item2g1a55a1

item2g1a56a1

Winter
with link to its
Winter Foliage Colour Page

item2g1a59b1

Dark Green

Photo from
 

item2g1a58a1

item2g1a57a1

item2g1a60a1

item2g1a60b1

item2g1a61b1

item2g1a62b1

Form dis-plays Over-all Fol-iage Col-our

Spring form
with link to supplier in the UK

item2g1a64b1

Spring Park Nursery

Photo of form from
 

item2g1a65a1

item2g1a66a1

item2g1a67a1

item2g1a68a1

item2g1a69a1

item2g1a70a1

Summer form with link to supplier in Europe

Heather's Heide online shop from Holland is closed on Sunday

item2g1a71b1

Heather's Heide

Photo of form from
 

item2g1a73a1

item2g1a72a1

item2g1a74a1

item2g1a75a1

item2g1a76a1

item2g1a77a1

Autumn form with link to supplier in USA

item2g1a78b1

Heaths and Heathers

Photo of form from
 

item2g1a79a1

item2g1a80a1

item2g1a81a1

item2g1a82a1

item2g1a83a1

item2g1a84a1

Winter form
with link to supplier in Canada

item2g1a85b1

Bunchberry Nurseries

Photo of form from
 

item2g1a87a1

item2g1a86a1

item2g1a88a1

item2g1a89a1

item2g1a90a1

item2g1a91a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depending on which heather species you choose with their 1 from the official 18 heather colours in the top menu, you can have flowers throughout the year, which is very useful for their pollination by bees.

Click on the 1 in the Colour Wheel below to link to those thumbnails in their Comparison Gallery -
with their index of those bee-pollinated plants in addition to heathers of that flower colour in that month -
to compare their blooms:-

bloomsmonth2a1a1

 

"RHS Plants for Pollinators
There are lots of ways to make your garden as perfect for pollinators as possible with the RHS
We have compiled two downloadable plant lists to help gardeners identify plants that will provide nectar and pollen for bees and many other types of pollinating insects:
 

How to attract and support pollinating insects

  • Aim to have plants that are attractive to pollinating insects in flower from early spring to late autumn.
  • Grow garden plants with flowers that attract pollinating insects.
  • Avoid plants with double or multi-petalled flowers. Such flowers may lack nectar and pollen, or insects may have difficulty in gaining access.
  • Never use pesticides on plants when they are in flower.
  • Where appropriate, British wildflowers can be an attractive addition to planting schemes and may help support a wider range of pollinating insects.
  • Observe the plants in your garden. If you know of plants with blooms that regularly attract insects, let us know.
  • Encourage bees by keeping honeybees yourself or allowing a beekeeper to place hives in your garden. Nest boxes containing cardboard tubes or hollow plant stems, or holes drilled in blocks of wood will provide nest sites for some species of solitary bees. Such nests are available from garden centres or you can make your own (holes/tubes should be in a mixture of sizes with a diameter of 2 - 8mm / (116 - 516 in))." from the RHS.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

Site design and content copyright ©December 2014. Index Page for each Comparison Page of Heather Comparison Gallery created in this Gallery in December 2014. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.
It is possible that the carrier pigeon used in the original link may have died and thus that link currently may no longer be functional. 

 

Some heathers besides having flowers have foliage colours that change from 1 season to the next season in the UK -

  • Spring (March, April, May),
  • Summer (June, July, August),
  • Autumn (September, October, November) and
  • Winter (December, January, February).


The Heather Comparison Gallery provides comparison pages of the:-

  • 18 flower colours with flower and flower stalk as shown in the menu table at the top of this page,
  • 18 flower colours with flower and flower stalk in each of the months that heather flowers,
  • 7 foliage colours with foliage stalk and form per season as shown in the menu table at the top of this page, and
  • Each of the Heather Cultivar Groups with flowers

and the Index for the heathers shown in each of these Comparison Pages is in 1 or more Index Pages in the relevant Heather Evergreen Shrub Index Gallery instead of being in the same Comparison page, due to their being too many to include within the available space.
THIS COMBINATION OF FOLIAGE COLOUR CHANGE CAN BE USED IN YOUR GARDEN DESIGN TO AID DIFFERENT GROUNDCOVER FOLIAGE COLOURS IN DIFFERENT SEASONS, together with the months of flower buds before flowering and the post months of seedheads.

 

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1e1a1b item2e1a1i1a1a1a1q1a1 item2e1a1i1a1a1a1a1a1a item2e1a1i1a1a1a1c1a1a item2e1a1i1a1a1a1d1a1a item2e1a1i1a1a1a1f1a1a item2e1a1i1a1a1a1g1a1a item2e1a1i1a1a1a1h1a1a item2e1a1i1a1a1a1i1a1a item2e1a1i1a1a1a1j1a1a item2e1a1i1a1a1a1k1a1a item2e1a1i1a1a1a1l1a1a item2e1a1i1a1a1a1m1a1a item2e1a1i1a1a1a1n1a1a item2e1a1i1a1a1a1o1a1a item2e1a1i1a1a1a1p1a1a item2e1a1i1a1a1a1b1a1a item2e1a1i1a1a1a1e1a1a1 item32b1a1 item29b1a1 item27b1a1 item25b1a1 item23b1a1 item22b1a1 item21b1a1 item51a1b1a1 item43a1b1a1 item39a1b1a1 item14a1b1a1 item12a1b1a1 item11a1b1a1 item9a1b1a1 item7a1b1a1 item3a1b1a1 item2a1b1a1 item32b1a1 item29b1a1 item27b1a1 item25b1a1 item23b1a1 item22b1a1 item21b1a1 item51a1b1a1 item43a1b1a1 item39a1b1a1 item14a1b1a1 item12a1b1a1 item11a1b1a1 item9a1b1a1 item7a1b1a1 item3a1b1a1 item2a1b1a1