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(o) in front of Page Name or Index Page No in this Main Menu Table indicates that all pages linked to from that cell have content.

SPRING FOLIAGE COLOUR
with Foliage Stalk and Form

Index Page No.

AUTUMN FOLIAGE COLOUR
with Foliage Stalk and Form

Index Page No.

CULTIVAR GROUP with Flowers
Erica Hardy Heaths:-

Index Page No.

CULTIVAR GROUP with Flowers
Erica Hardy Heaths:-

Index Page No.

HEATHER EVERGREEN SHRUB
INDEX GALLERY PAGES

Index Page No.


Site Map

Introduction

Index Page No.

Click on Colour below to change to its Heather Flower Colour Page with Flower and Flower Stalk

Spr-Bronze

1

(o) Aut-Bronze

(o) 1

Erica garforthensis

(o) 1

Erica tetralix

1

CULTIVAR GROUP with Flowers

 

FLOWERING SEASON
with Flower and Flower Stalk

 

(o) H0
White
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Index Page No.

(o) H1 Amethyst
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Index Page No.

H2
Mauve
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Index Page No.

(o) Spr-Green

(o) 1

(o) Aut-Green

(o)
1 2

Erica gaudificans

(o) 1

Erica umbellata

1

Andromeda

(o) 1

(o) January
Winter

(o)
1 2

(o) 1

(o) 1

1

Spr-Grey

1

(o) Aut-Grey

(o) 1

(o) Erica x griffithsii

(o) 1

Erica vagans

1

Bruckenthalia spiculifolia changed to
Erica spiculifolia

1

(o)February
Winter

(o)
1 2

(o) H3
Lavender
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(o) 1

H4
Lilac
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1

H5
Ruby
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1

(o) Spr-Orange

(o) 1

Aut-Orange

1

Erica krameri

(o) 1

Erica veitchii

1

(o) Calluna

(o) 1

(o) March
Spring

(o)
1 2

Spr-Red

1

Aut-Red

1

(o) Erica lusitanica

(o) 1

Erica watsonii

1

(o) Daboecia

(o) 1

(o) April
Spring

(o)
1 2

H6
Cerise
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1

(o) H7
Rose Pink
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(o) 1

(o) H8
Pink
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(o) 1

(o) Spr-Yellow

(o) 1

(o) Aut-Yellow

(o) 1

(o) Erica mackayana

(o) 1

Erica williamsii

1

Erica Hardy Heaths:-

 

(o) May
Spring

(o) 1

(o) Spr-Other Colour

(o) 1

Aut-Other Colour

1

Erica maderensis

(o) 1

 

 

Erica x afroeuropea

(o) 1

(o) June
Summer

(o) 1

(o) H9
Beetroot
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(o) 1

(o) H10
Purple
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(o) 1

(o) H11
Lilac Pink
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(o) 1

 

 

 

 

(o) Erica manipuliflora

(o) 1

 

 

Erica andevalensis now treated as Erica mackayana ssp andevalensis

1

(o) July
Summer

(o) 1

SUMMER FOLIAGE COLOUR
with Foliage Stalk and Form

 

WINTER FOLIAGE COLOUR
with Foliage Stalk and Form

 

Erica multiflora

1

SEED COLOUR

 

(o) Erica arborea

(o) 1

(o) August
Summer

(o) 1

(o) H12 Heliotrope
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(o) 1

H13 Crimson
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1

(o) H14 Magenta
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(o) 1

(o) Sum-Bronze

(o) 1

(o) Win-Bronze

(o) 1

(o) Erica
oldenburgensis

(o) 1

Seed

1

(o) Erica x arendsiana

(o) 1

(o) September
Autumn

(o) 1

(o) Sum-Green

(o)
1 2

(o) Win-Green

(o)
1 2

Erica platycodon

1

 

 

(o) Erica australis

(o) 1

(o) October
Autumn

(o) 1

H15 Salmon

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1

(o) H16
Shell Pink

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(o) 1

(o) H17 Multi-Coloured
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(o) 1

Sum-Grey

1

Win-Grey

1

Erica scoparia

1

BED PICTURES

 

(o) Erica azorica
(Syn.
Erica scoparia subsp. azorica)

(o) 1

(o) November
Autumn

(o) 1

Sum-Orange

1

(o) Win-Orange

(o) 1

Erica sicula

1

Garden

1

(o) Erica carnea

(o)
1 2

(o) December
Winter

(o) 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sum-Red

1

(o) Win-Red

(o) 1

(o) Erica spiculifolia

(o) 1

 

 

(o) Erica ciliaris

(o) 1

 

 

 

 

Website Structure Explanation and
User Guidelines

 

 

 

(o) Sum-Yellow

(o) 1

(o) Win-Yellow

(o) 1

(o) Erica stuartii

(o) 1


(o) COMMENTS

(o) Erica cinerea

(o) 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sum-Other Colour

1

(o) Win-Other Colour

(o) 1

Erica terminalis

1

(o) Erica x darleyensis

(o) 1

The 2 rows of "Height x Spread in inches (cms) (1 inch = 2.5 cms, 12" = 1 foot = 30 cms) and Comment" state the Heather Description from 'Handy Guide to Heathers Descriptions & Suppliers of over 1000 varieties" by David & Anne Small, published in 1992 by Denbeigh Heather Nurseries (ISBN 0-9519160-0-9). This gives the official Heather Society flower colour(s) and foliage colour(s).
Photos from Chris Garnons-Williams are added to that respective flower colour or foliage colour page in the Shrub Heather Gallery and the relevant index page in this gallery IRRESPECTIVE OF THE ACTUAL FLOWER COLOUR OR FOLIAGE COLOUR (stated in the Handy Guide) IN THE IMAGE THAT WAS TAKEN BY CHRIS GARNONS-WILLIAMS.

(o) Erica erigena

(o) 1

End of Main Menu - See Sub-Menu and Data below:-

Ivydene Gardens Heather Evergreen Shrub Index
Gallery:
Erica mackayana Cultivars Index

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Species - Erica mackayana (Syn. Erica crawfordii, Erica mackaii):-

"Erica mackayana. Another lime hater found naturally in boggy ground in Western Ireland and North-West Spain. It provides neat ground cover, but is suspect in very dry conditions. It produces new shoots from the roots, which can be detached to form new plants." from The Handy Guide to Heathers by David and Anne Small.

"Erica mackayana : Mackay's heath (formerly Erica mackaiana)
Bushy shrub to 1.5m tall, branches ascending or sprawling; leaves in evenly spaced whorls of 4, always spreading more or less horizontally, obovate, flat; terminal umbels of about 10 flowers, evenly spaced, not lop-sided; flowers stalks not woolly; calyx of 4 unequal, free, green sepals, to 3.5mm long, not woolly on outside; corolla urn-shaped, to 7mm long, pale to dark pink, usually darker on sunlit side, or pure white; stamens 8, included; anthers with spurs; style-end emergent; nectar produced.
Blooms in summer (and early autumn).
Only found in western Ireland (counties Kerry, Galway, Mayo, Donegal) and northern Spain. Plants of Irish origin are hardy to zone 7 with protection, while the taller, more vigorous plants of Spanish origin vary from zone 8 to zone 7. All require damp, lime-free soil, and provide neat ground-cover but are suspect in dry conditions. Erica mackayana produces new shoots from the roots which can be detached to form new plants.
Closely related to cross-leaved heath (Erica tetralix) and also to the Andévalo heath (Erica andevalensis):-

"Erica mackayana grows naturally in boggy ground in W. Ireland and NW Spain.  It makes a neat ground cover that always attracts attention.  It is a superb foliage plant.  It is a lime hater.  Struggles in very dry spots.  Foliage is damaged at 10 degrees.  We think some in this group are hardy to only Zone 8. With protection, it can be grown in Zone 7 (0 degrees F) and warmer.  Rare plants in nurseries." from Heaths and Heathers in USA.

 

"Erica mackayana ssp andevalensis. This sub-species, with an erect habit, was only found in 1974 colonising mine tip waste in South-West Spain. Its natural habitat was found in 1982 bordering the Rio Odiel. It is now treated as a sub-species of Erica mackayana which it closely resembles." from The Handy Guide to Heathers by David and Anne Small.

 

Heather Evergreen Shrub Cultivar or Hybrid Name
with link to its Description Page

Erica mackayana

Erica mackayana
f. mackayana
'Donegal'

Erica mackayana
f. eburnea
'Doctor Ronald Gray'

Erica mackayana
f. mackayana
'Errigal Dusk'

Erica mackayana
f. multiplicata
'Plena'

Erica mackayana ssp andevalensis

available from
Heaths and Heathers in USA

 

Juvenile Bud

Ericamackayanafor1kavanagh

Uncropped Photo from August 2013 showing white flowers behind the plant label of first group.
 

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Ericamackayanadoctorronaldgrayflobudjuvkavanagh

Photo of Juvenile Buds from
June 2013

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40 x 30 (100 x 75)

White or pink flowers, November-January, with grey green foliage. Loose, open habit. Flowering is unreliable in a north European climate and its hardiness is suspect. it is therefore chiefly of botanical interest.

 

Mature Bud

Ericamackayanalabel1akavanagh

Crop of above Photo from August 2013 showing white flowers behind the plant label of that first group.
 

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Ericamackayanadoctorronaldgrayflobudkavanagh

Photo from
August 2012

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Flower and Flower Colour
with link to its
Flower Colour Page

Ericamackayanaflos1kavanagh1a

Photo from August 2013 from first group
 

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Magenta - H14

Ericamackayanadoctorronaldgrayflokavanagh

White - H0

Photo from
August 2012

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Dark Magenta - H14 from David and Anne Small or
Amethyst - H1
from The Heather Society

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Double Magenta - H14 flowers

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Flower Stalk

Ericamackayanalabel2kavanagh

Photo from August 2013 from second group
 

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Ericamackayanadoctorronaldgrayflostalkkavanagh

Photo of Flower Buds at end of flower stalk and Flowers at end of its flower stalk from
August 2012

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Flowers

Ericamackayanaflos2kavanagh

Photo from August 2013.

Photo of this heather and the other in its second group below.
 

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Ericamackayanadoctorronaldgrayfloskavanagh

Photo of Flower Buds and Flowers from
August 2012

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Flowering Months with link its Flowering Month Page

Ericamackayanafor2kavanagh

Photo from August 2013 of second group
 

June,
July,
August,
September

July,
August,
September,
October

August,
September

August,
September

 

 

Height x Spread in inches (cms) (1 inch = 2.5 cms, 12" = 1 foot = 30 cms)
and Comment

12 x 18 (30 x 45)

Large magenta (H14) flowers, June-September, with mid green foliage. Spreading habit.

4 x 14 (10 x 35)

White flowers, July-October, with mid green foliage. Broad spreading habit. A sport from ‘Lawsoniana’ found by Dr Ronald Gray (Hindhead, Surrey).

18 x 22 (45 x 55)

Barrel-shaped dark magenta (H14) flowers, August-September, on dark green foliage. A strong growing plant with an upright habit.

6 x 18 (15 x 45)

"Magenta (H14) flowers, VII–X, double and packed with extra "petals" to the point of bursting; dark green foliage; neat habit; height 10–15cm; spread 31–45cm. Suitable for ground-cover. first collected in Connemara, County Galway, Ireland, more than a century ago, and refound on a number of occasions." from The Heather Society.

 

Fol-iage Stalk Col-our

Spring
with link to its
Spring Foliage Colour Page

Ericamackayanalabel2akavanagh

Uncropped Photo from August 2013 with white flowers alongside of second group
 

ericamackayanadonegalMG2876

Mid Green

Photo from

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Mid Green

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Dark Green

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Dark Green

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Summer with link to its
Summer Foliage Colour Page

Flower Petals (Corolla) - "Lobes cylindrical, urceolate, 0.25 inch (6 mm), contracted at mouth, deep bright pink, usually white beneath." from Page 163 of Heaths and Heathers Calluna, Daboecia and Erica by Terry L. Underhill -
ISBN 87749-181-X.

"Flowers ovoid, mauve-pink in small, dense, terminal umbels" from Page 108 of The Heather Garden The plants and their cultivation by Harry Van De Laar - ISBN 0 00 219737 5.

See flower photos from Floral Images and from Irish Wildflowers.
 

The 2 Erica mackayana groups above photographed at RHS Wisley having white flowers do not correspond with the descriptions above from Underhill and Harry Van De Laar nor the flower photos from Floral Images or Irish Wildflowers.

 

Unless it becomes obvious that the plant label does not correspond with that heather; I assume that the plant label in front of those plants in the Heather Beds of the RHS Garden at Wisley states the valid name identifying that heather.
Apologies for the Quality Control carried out by the RHS - for which service I pay as a member of many years with the annual fee - in this case of incorrect labelling of 2 heather groups.

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Mid Green

Ericamackayanadoctorronaldgrayfolsumkavanagh

Mid Green

Photo from
August 2012

Ericamackayanaerrigalduskfolsumkavanagh

Dark Green

Photo from
July 2013

Ericamackayanaplenafolsumkavanagh

Dark Green

Photo from
June 2013

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Autumn with link to its
Autumn Foliage Colour Page


 

item2g1a52

Mid Green

Ericamackayanadoctorronaldgrayfolautkavanagh

Mid Green

Photo of juvenile flower buds, flowers and foliage from
October 2014

Ericamackayanaerrigalduskfolautkavanagh

Dark Green

Photo of magenta flower cluster, brown seedheads and foliage from
October 2014

Ericamackayanaplenafolautkavanagh

Dark Green

Photo of brown seeds and foliage from
October 2014

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Winter
with link to its
Winter Foliage Colour Page

 


 

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Mid Green

Ericamackayanadoctorronaldgrayfolwinkavanagh

Mid Green

Photo from
February 2013

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Dark Green

Ericamackayanaplenafolwinkavanagh

Dark Green

Photo from
February 2013

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Form dis-plays Over-all Fol-iage Col-our

Spring
with link to supplier in the UK


 

Ericamackayanadonegalforsprkavanagh

Photo from
April 2013

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Highland Heathers Comrie

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Spring Park Nursery

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Summer with link to supplier in Europe

Heather's Heide online shop from Holland is closed on Sunday


 

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Heather's Heide

Ericamackayanadoctorronaldgrayforsumkavanagh

Esveld and
Heather's Heide

Photo from
August 2012

Ericamackayanaerrigalduskforsumkavanagh

Heather's Heide

Photo of form with juvenile flower buds at end of foliage stem from
July 2013

Ericamackayanaplenaforsumkavanagh

Esveld and
Heather's Heide

Photo from
June 2013

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Autumn with link to supplier in USA


 

Ericamackayanadonegalforautgarnonswilliams

Heaths and Heathers

Photo of form of seeds and foliage from
October 2014 gw

Ericamackayanadoctorronaldgrayforautkavanagh

Heaths and Heathers

Photo of form of flower buds, white flowers, pink juvenile seeds and mature orange seeds, with foliage from
October 2014

Ericamackayanaerrigalduskforautkavanagh

Photo of form of flower buds, magenta flowers and brown seeds with foliage from
October 2014

Ericamackayanaplenaforautkavanagh

 

Heaths and Heathers

Photo of form with brown seeds and foliage from
October 2014

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Winter
with link to supplier in Canada

 

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Ericamackayanadoctorronaldgrayforwinkavanagh

Photo from
February 2013

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Ericamackayanaplenaforwinkavanagh

Photo from
February 2013

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Heather Evergreen Shrub Cultivar or Hybrid Name
with link to its Description Page

Erica mackayana
f. eburnea
'Shining Light'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Juvenile Bud

Ericamackayanashininglightflobudjuvkavanagh

Photo from
August 2013
 

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Mature Bud

Ericamackayanashininglightflobudkavanagh

Photo from
August 2013
 

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Flower and Flower Colour
with link to its
Flower Colour Page

Ericamackayanashininglightflokavanagh

White - H0

Photo from
August 2013
 

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Flower Stalk

Ericamackayanashininglightflostalkkavanagh

Photo of flowers from
August 2013

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Flowers

Ericamackayanashininglightfloskavanagh

Photo of flowers from
August 2013
 

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Flowering Months

July,
August,
September

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Height x Spread in inches (cms) (1 inch = 2.5 cms, 12" = 1 foot = 30 cms)
and Comment

10 x 22 (25 x 55)

White flowers, VII–IX, large, very floriferous; mid-grey-green foliage; vigorous; height 21–25cm; spread 46–60cm. Outstanding, one of the best white heathers; much better than ‘Doctor Ronald Gray’.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fol-iage Stalk Col-our

Spring
with link to its
Spring Foliage Colour Page

Ericamackayanashininglightfolsprkavanagh

Mid Grey-Green

Photo from
March 2013
 

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Summer with link to its
Summer Foliage Colour Page

Ericamackayanashininglightfolsumkavanagh

Mid Grey-Green

Photo of juvenile foliage with dead foliage below that from
August 2013
 

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Autumn with link to its
Autumn Foliage Colour Page

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Mid Grey-Green

Photo from
 

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Winter
with link to its
Winter Foliage Colour Page

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Mid Grey-Green

Photo from
 

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Form dis-plays Over-all Fol-iage Col-our

Spring
with link to supplier in the UK

Ericamackayanashininglightforsprkavanagh

Forest Edge Nurseries

Photo of form with seedheads and foliage from
March 2013
 

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Summer with link to supplier in Europe

Heather's Heide online shop from Holland is closed on Sunday

Ericamackayanashininglightforsumkavanagh

Heather's Heide

Photo of form with juvenile green foliage and brown dead foliage from
August 2013

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Autumn with link to supplier in USA

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Heaths and Heathers

Photo of form from
 

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Winter
with link to supplier in Canada

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Photo of form from
 

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Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

Site design and content copyright ©December 2014. Index Page for each Comparison Page of Heather Comparison Gallery created in this Gallery in December 2014. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.
It is possible that the carrier pigeon used in the original link may have died and thus that link currently may no longer be functional. 

 

Some heathers besides having flowers have foliage colours that change from 1 season to the next season in the UK -

  • Spring (March, April, May),
  • Summer (June, July, August),
  • Autumn (September, October, November) and
  • Winter (December, January, February).


The Heather Comparison Gallery provides comparison pages of the:-

  • 18 flower colours with flower and flower stalk as shown in the menu table at the top of this page,
  • 18 flower colours with flower and flower stalk in each of the months that heather flowers,
  • 7 foliage colours with foliage stalk and form per season as shown in the menu table at the top of this page, and
  • Each of the Heather Cultivar Groups with flowers

and the Index for the heathers shown in each of these Comparison Pages is in 1 or more Index Pages in the relevant Heather Evergreen Shrub Index Gallery instead of being in the same Comparison page, due to their being too many to include within the available space.
THIS COMBINATION OF FOLIAGE COLOUR CHANGE CAN BE USED IN YOUR GARDEN DESIGN TO AID DIFFERENT GROUNDCOVER FOLIAGE COLOURS IN DIFFERENT SEASONS, together with the months of flower buds before flowering and the post months of seedheads.

 

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