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SPRING FOLIAGE COLOUR
with Foliage Stalk and Form

Index Page No.

AUTUMN FOLIAGE COLOUR
with Foliage Stalk and Form

Index Page No.

CULTIVAR GROUP with Flowers
Erica Hardy Heaths:-

Index Page No.

CULTIVAR GROUP with Flowers
Erica Hardy Heaths:-

Index Page No.

HEATHER EVERGREEN SHRUB
INDEX GALLERY PAGES

Index Page No.


Site Map

Introduction

Index Page No.

Click on Colour below to change to its Heather Flower Colour Page with Flower and Flower Stalk

Spr-Bronze

1

(o) Aut-Bronze

(o) 1

Erica garforthensis

(o) 1

Erica tetralix

1

CULTIVAR GROUP with Flowers

 

FLOWERING SEASON
with Flower and Flower Stalk

 

(o) H0
White
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Index Page No.

(o) H1 Amethyst
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1q1a1

Index Page No.

H2
Mauve
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1a1a1a

Index Page No.

(o) Spr-Green

(o) 1

(o) Aut-Green

(o)
1 2

Erica gaudificans

(o) 1

Erica umbellata

1

Andromeda

(o) 1

(o) January
Winter

(o)
1 2

(o) 1

(o) 1

1

Spr-Grey

1

(o) Aut-Grey

(o) 1

(o) Erica x griffithsii

(o) 1

Erica vagans

1

Bruckenthalia spiculifolia changed to
Erica spiculifolia

1

(o)February
Winter

(o)
1 2

(o) H3
Lavender
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(o) 1

H4
Lilac
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1

H5
Ruby
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1

(o) Spr-Orange

(o) 1

Aut-Orange

1

Erica krameri

(o) 1

Erica veitchii

1

(o) Calluna

(o) 1

(o) March
Spring

(o)
1 2

Spr-Red

1

Aut-Red

1

(o) Erica lusitanica

(o) 1

Erica watsonii

1

(o) Daboecia

(o) 1

(o) April
Spring

(o)
1 2

H6
Cerise
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1

(o) H7
Rose Pink
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(o) 1

(o) H8
Pink
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1i1a1a

(o) 1

(o) Spr-Yellow

(o) 1

(o) Aut-Yellow

(o) 1

(o) Erica mackayana

(o) 1

Erica williamsii

1

Erica Hardy Heaths:-

 

(o) May
Spring

(o) 1

(o) Spr-Other Colour

(o) 1

Aut-Other Colour

1

Erica maderensis

(o) 1

 

 

Erica x afroeuropea

(o) 1

(o) June
Summer

(o) 1

(o) H9
Beetroot
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(o) 1

(o) H10
Purple
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(o) 1

(o) H11
Lilac Pink
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(o) 1

 

 

 

 

(o) Erica manipuliflora

(o) 1

 

 

Erica andevalensis now treated as Erica mackayana ssp andevalensis

1

(o) July
Summer

(o) 1

SUMMER FOLIAGE COLOUR
with Foliage Stalk and Form

 

WINTER FOLIAGE COLOUR
with Foliage Stalk and Form

 

Erica multiflora

1

SEED COLOUR

 

(o) Erica arborea

(o) 1

(o) August
Summer

(o) 1

(o) H12 Heliotrope
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(o) 1

H13 Crimson
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1

(o) H14 Magenta
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(o) 1

(o) Sum-Bronze

(o) 1

(o) Win-Bronze

(o) 1

(o) Erica
oldenburgensis

(o) 1

Seed

1

(o) Erica x arendsiana

(o) 1

(o) September
Autumn

(o) 1

(o) Sum-Green

(o)
1 2

(o) Win-Green

(o)
1 2

Erica platycodon

1

 

 

(o) Erica australis

(o) 1

(o) October
Autumn

(o) 1

H15 Salmon

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1

(o) H16
Shell Pink

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1b1a1a

(o) 1

(o) H17 Multi-Coloured
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1e1a1a1

(o) 1

Sum-Grey

1

Win-Grey

1

Erica scoparia

1

BED PICTURES

 

(o) Erica azorica
(Syn.
Erica scoparia subsp. azorica)

(o) 1

(o) November
Autumn

(o) 1

Sum-Orange

1

(o) Win-Orange

(o) 1

Erica sicula

1

Garden

1

(o) Erica carnea

(o)
1 2

(o) December
Winter

(o) 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sum-Red

1

(o) Win-Red

(o) 1

(o) Erica spiculifolia

(o) 1

 

 

(o) Erica ciliaris

(o) 1

 

 

 

 

Website Structure Explanation and
User Guidelines

 

 

 

(o) Sum-Yellow

(o) 1

(o) Win-Yellow

(o) 1

(o) Erica stuartii

(o) 1


(o) COMMENTS

(o) Erica cinerea

(o) 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sum-Other Colour

1

(o) Win-Other Colour

(o) 1

Erica terminalis

1

(o) Erica x darleyensis

(o) 1

The 2 rows of "Height x Spread in inches (cms) (1 inch = 2.5 cms, 12" = 1 foot = 30 cms) and Comment" state the Heather Description from 'Handy Guide to Heathers Descriptions & Suppliers of over 1000 varieties" by David & Anne Small, published in 1992 by Denbeigh Heather Nurseries (ISBN 0-9519160-0-9). This gives the official Heather Society flower colour(s) and foliage colour(s).
Photos from Chris Garnons-Williams are added to that respective flower colour or foliage colour page in the Shrub Heather Gallery and the relevant index page in this gallery IRRESPECTIVE OF THE ACTUAL FLOWER COLOUR OR FOLIAGE COLOUR (stated in the Handy Guide) IN THE IMAGE THAT WAS TAKEN BY CHRIS GARNONS-WILLIAMS.

(o) Erica erigena

(o) 1

End of Main Menu - See Sub-Menu and Data below:-

Ivydene Gardens Heather Evergreen Shrub Index
Gallery:
Calluna Cultivars Index

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Butterfly

 

 

Species - Calluna vulgaris:-

"Calluna vulgaris is also known as Ling or "Scotch" heather.  These are the true heathers, among the hardiest and most varied of all hardy heathers.  Sizes range from small tufts, mounds and carpeters to shrubs about three feet tall.  Flowers can be single or double. There are even a few bud bloomers who hang onto their flowers through winter and look as if they are still in bloom.  There are many interesting foliage colors.  Some turn spectacular shades of orange and red during the cold weather of winter.  The varieties that show colored spring new growth are valuable for their several months of extremely showy foliage from January to June, and then they go on to bloom for an additional several months.
Callunas grow and flower best in full sun but can tolerate partial shade.  The colored foliage plants need bright winter sun to turn those intense shades of orange or red.  Some experts recommend pruning the Callunas with spring colored tips in the fall so you get to enjoy the new growth without pruning it off. 
Good drainage is very important.  They are liable to get root diseases if growing in wet spots.  Callunas are lime haters.  Acid soil is ideal.  Bushy and low growing varieties are best for colder, snowy areas where they are more protected by snow cover. We can recommend the hardiest ones for those of you in Zone 3-4 country.  In the hot and humid South, it is best to stay away from lower varieties which can be susceptible to fungal diseases.  All Callunas but the most compact miniatures need annual pruning or plants will become straggly and unsightly.  Prune below the flowers on the stems after flowering in fall or in early spring in the colder climates.  USDA Zone 4 (-30 degrees) to Zone 8 or 10 with good care.  Heather is growing well in Zone 3 areas where they are buried in snow in winter." from Heaths and Heathers in the USA.

"The single species, Calluna vulgaris, is very widely distributed throughout Western Europe including Azores, Iceland and Faeroe Islands, eastwards into Siberia, and southwards into northern Morocco in North Africa; this range represents about 125̊ longitude west to east and 36̊ latitude north to south. Calluna is reported reaching about 2,700m altitude in southern Switzerland. Calluna is also a naturalized exotic plant in many other places including North America*, Australia and New Zealand.
Ling, Calluna vulgaris, is native in Britain and Ireland.
Low-growing, evergreen shrubs requiring acid soil. Calluna has minute leaves closely pressed to the shoots and small, usually lavender flowers in summer and early autumn. Suitable for USDA hardiness zone 5 but some cultivars are suitable for zone 4.
This species is very variable, and the numerous selected cultivars (cultivated varieties) reflect, indeed exaggerate, this variation. In habit, ling ranges from prostrate, 5 x 45cm (2 x 18in), to erect and spreading 60 x 75cm (24 x 30in). The foliage varies in colour from dark green to bright green, grey, yellow, orange and red, and there are silver-foliaged plants too. The flowering time varies; in the northern part of the distribution it blooms from June to August, whilst in the southern part of the distribution it blooms from August to November. The white to crimson flowers normally possess a cup-like, four-lobed corolla about, 3mm (¹⁄₈in) long, overlapped by four sepals of similar size and colour. Double-flowered and bud-flowering (called ‘bud-bloomers’) variants also exist and generally bloom later.
Ling is an important garden plant providing colour throughout the year.
White-flowered ling – the original white heather – has long been associated with good luck and is a popular wedding flower.
Calluna was used as the name for this heather ‘on account of its very frequent use in the construction of brooms’ – it was derived from the ancient Greek καλλύνω, (kallyno), in turn derived from καλός (kalos, beautiful)." from The Heather Society in the UK.

"Heather is a highly branched evergreen shrub. The numerous stems take root at the base, and there are also a large number of short side shoots. The leaves are very small and scale-like, their sides are often curled back so much that they are triangular in cross-section. The small reddish-purple flowers are borne on narrow spikes. Shrubs typically grow to around 60cm in height, but may occasionally reach 1 m." from Wildscreen Arkive in the UK.

 

Weeds of Australia, New Zealand and North America:-

Heather (Calluna vulgaris) reproduces mainly by seed, which can remain viable for extended periods (i.e. up to 100 years). Vegetative reproduction can also take place via a process known as layering, where branches in contact with the soil take root and form new plants.
Seeds are spread by wind and vehicles, animals or walkers brushing against the plants.
Although not yet widespread in Australia, and currently restricted to some parts of Tasmania, heather (Calluna vulgaris) has the potential to adversely affect environmentally sensitive areas. Because of this, and that fact that it is a serious weed overseas, it is on the Alert List for Environmental Weeds.
Mature plants form a dense canopy in sensitive open upland habitats. Because it forms a persistent leaf litter layer, sites with vigorous heather (Calluna vulgaris) populations are often virtually devoid of other species. This ability to dominate and displace the native vegetation leads to a severe loss of biodiversity and a reduction in the habitat available to native animals. It can colonise altitudes up to 1500 m and is therefore seen as a serious threat to Australia's alpine country. In Australia it could become an invasive weed in the alpine and sub-alpine areas of Tasmania, Victoria, southern New South Wales and the ACT.
It is of great concern in the high country of New Zealand, where it covers an estimated area of 6000 square km. In Mt Tongariro National Park it is the most widespread exotic weed species and competes with a wide range of native plants. It is also causing concern along the Atlantic coast of North America (i.e. from Quebec to New Jersey).
Because it grows in alpine and sub-alpine grasslands, heather (Calluna vulgaris) also has the potential to reduce the productivity of highland pastures if it becomes widely naturalised in south-eastern Australia." from Queensland Government.

 

Heather Evergreen Shrub Cultivar or Hybrid Name
with link to its Description Page

Calluna vulgaris
'Aberdeen'

Calluna vulgaris
'Adrie'

Calluna vulgaris
f 'Alba'

Calluna vulgaris
'Alba Aurea'

Calluna vulgaris
'Alba Carlton'

Calluna vulgaris
'Alba Dumosa'

Calluna vulgaris
'Alba Elata'

 

Juvenile Bud

CallunavulgarisaberdeenMG8919

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Mature Bud

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item2g1a32

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item2g1a34

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Flower and Flower Colour
with link to its
Flower Colour Page

item2g1a28

Lavender - H3

Callunavulgarisadrieflokavanagh

Purple-Red becomes
Multi-Coloured - H17

Photo from
September 2013

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White - H0

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White - H0

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White - H0

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White - H0

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White - H0

 

Flower Stalk

Callunavulgarisaberdeenflostalkkavanagh

Photo of buds and flowers from
August 2013

Callunavulgarisadrieflostalkkavanagh

Photo of stalk of
bud-bloomers from
September 2013

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item2g1a18

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Flowers

Callunavulgarisaberdeenfloskavanagh

Photo of buds and flowers from
August 2013

Callunavulgarisadriefloskavanagh

Photo of flowers from
September 2013

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Flowering Months with link its Flowering Month Page

July,
August

September,
October,
November

August,
September

August,
September,
October

August,
September

July,
August,
September

August,
September,
October

 

Height x Spread in inches (cms) (1 inch = 2.5 cms, 12" = 1 foot = 30 cms)
and Comment

12 x 24 (30 x 60)

Lavender (H3) flowers, July-August, with grey green foliage. Spreading habit.
Flowers compliment foliage well

12 x 20 (30 x 50)

Purple-red (H17) flowering bud-bloomer, September-November, with mid green foliage. It has smaller buds than 'Marleen' and belongs to the polysepala form of bud-bloomers.

Broad-spreading, upright habit. Found on Ginkelsem Heide between Ede and Wageningen, Holland, and named after the daughter of the introducer.

16 x 22 (40 x 55)

White flowers, August-September, with bright green foliage. Although sold under the cultivar name 'Alba', they are not all the same clone and the name merely represents any 'lucky white heather'. The term f. alba covers all the whites.

6 x 10 (15 x 25)

White flowers, August-October, bright green foliage with lemon tips particularly in spring and autumn.

10 x 18 (25 x 45)

White flowers, August-September, with distinctive dark green foliage.

14 x 18 (35 x 45)

White flowers, July-September, with mid green foliage. Broad spreading habit.

20 x 28 (50 x 70)

White flowers, August-October, with mid green foliage. An outstanding plant.

Fol-iage Stalk Col-our

Spring
with link to its
Spring Foliage Colour Page

item2g1a1

Grey Green

item2g1a3

Mid Green

item2g1a2

Bright Green

Callunavulgarisalbaaureafolsprkavanagh

Bright Green with Lemon tips

Photo from
March 2013

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Dark Green

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Mid Green

item2g1a7

Mid Green

Summer with link to its
Summer Foliage Colour Page

Callunavulgarisaberdeenfolsumkavanagh

Grey Green

Photo from
August 2013

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Mid Green

Callunavulgarisalbafolsumkavanagh

Bright Green

Photo from
August 2012

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Bright Green with Lemon tips

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Dark Green

callunavulgarisalbadumosaMG4834

Mid Green

Callunavulgarisalbaelatafolsumkavanagh

Mid Green

Photo of foliage from
July 2013

Autumn with link to its
Autumn Foliage Colour Page

Callunavulgarisaberdeenfolautkavanagh

Grey Green

Photo of foliage and seeds from
October 2014

callunavulgarisadrieMG9700a

Mid Green

Callunavulgarisalbafolautkavanagh

Bright Green

Photo of foliage and seeds from
October 2014

item2g1a53

Bright Green with Lemon tips

Callunavulgarisalbacarltonfolautkavanagh

Dark Green

Photo of foliage with seeds from
October 2014

Callunavulgarisalbadumosafolautkavanagh

Mid Green

Photo of foliage from
September 2012

Callunavulgarisalbaelatafolautkavanagh

Mid Green

Photo of foliage from
October 2014

Winter
with link to its
Winter Foliage Colour Page

item2g1a59

Grey Green

item2g1a58

Mid Green

item2g1a57

Bright Green

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Bright Green with Lemon tips

Callunavulgarisalbacarltonfolwinkavanagh

Dark Green

Photo of foliage and seeds from
February 2013

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Mid Green

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Mid Green

Form dis-plays Over-all Fol-iage Col-our

Spring
with link to supplier in the UK

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Highland Heathers in Scotland

Callunavulgarisalbaaureaforsprkavanagh

Photo from
March 2012

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Summer with link to supplier in Europe

Heather's Heide online shop from Holland is closed on Sunday

Callunavulgarisaberdeenforsumkavanagh

Heather's Heide in Holland

Photo of form with buds and flowers from
August 2013

item2g1a73

Pflanzenwelt Biermann in Germany

Callunavulgarisalbaforsumkavanagh

Heather's Heide in Holland

Photo of form with buds from
August 2012

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Heather's Heide in Holland

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Heather's Heide in Holland

Callunavulgarisalbadumosaforsumkavanagh

Heather's Heide in Holland

Photo of form from
June 2013

Callunavulgarisalbaelataforsumkavanagh

Heather's Heide in Holland

Photo of form from
July 2013

Autumn with link to supplier in USA

Callunavulgarisaberdeenforautkavanagh

Heaths and Heathers

Photo of form with seeds from
October 2014

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Heaths and Heathers

Callunavulgarisalbaforautkavanagh

Photo of form with seeds and dead autumn leaves from a deciduous tree from
October 2014

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Heaths and Heathers

Callunavulgarisalbacarltonforautkavanagh

Heaths and Heathers

Photo of form with seeds and dead autumn leaves from a deciduous tree from
October 2014

Callunavulgarisalbadumosaforautkavanagh

Photo of form with seeds from
September 2012

Callunavulgarisalbaelataforautkavanagh

Heaths and Heathers

Photo of form with seeds from
October 2014

Winter
with link to supplier in Canada

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Callunavulgarisalbacarltonforwinkavanagh

Photo of form with seeds from
February 2013

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Heather Evergreen Shrub Cultivar or Hybrid Name
with link to its Description Page

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Juvenile Bud

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Photo from
 

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Mature Bud

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Photo from
 

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Flower and Flower Colour
with link to its
Flower Colour Page

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White - H0

Photo from
 

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Flower Stalk

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Photo of flowers from
 

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Flowers

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Photo of flowers from
 

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Flowering Months

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Height x Spread in inches (cms) (1 inch = 2.5 cms, 12" = 1 foot = 30 cms)
and Comment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fol-iage Stalk Col-our

Spring
with link to its
Spring Foliage Colour Page

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Dark Green

Photo from
 

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Summer with link to its
Summer Foliage Colour Page

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Dark Green

Photo from
 

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Autumn with link to its
Autumn Foliage Colour Page

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Dark Green

Photo from
 

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Winter
with link to its
Winter Foliage Colour Page

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Dark Green

Photo from
 

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Form dis-plays Over-all Fol-iage Col-our

Spring
with link to supplier in the UK

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Spring Park Nursery

Photo of form from
 

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Summer with link to supplier in Europe

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Heather's Heide

Photo of form from
 

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Autumn with link to supplier in USA

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Heaths and Heathers

Photo of form from
 

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Winter
with link to supplier in Canada

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Bunchberry Nurseries

Photo of form from
 

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Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

Site design and content copyright ©December 2014. Index Page for each Comparison Page of Heather Comparison Gallery created in this Gallery in December 2014. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.
It is possible that the carrier pigeon used in the original link may have died and thus that link currently may no longer be functional. 

 

Some heathers besides having flowers have foliage colours that change from 1 season to the next season in the UK -

  • Spring (March, April, May),
  • Summer (June, July, August),
  • Autumn (September, October, November) and
  • Winter (December, January, February).


The Heather Comparison Gallery provides comparison pages of the:-

  • 18 flower colours with flower and flower stalk as shown in the menu table at the top of this page,
  • 18 flower colours with flower and flower stalk in each of the months that heather flowers,
  • 7 foliage colours with foliage stalk and form per season as shown in the menu table at the top of this page, and
  • Each of the Heather Cultivar Groups with flowers

and the Index for the heathers shown in each of these Comparison Pages is in 1 or more Index Pages in the relevant Heather Evergreen Shrub Index Gallery instead of being in the same Comparison page, due to their being too many to include within the available space.
THIS COMBINATION OF FOLIAGE COLOUR CHANGE CAN BE USED IN YOUR GARDEN DESIGN TO AID DIFFERENT GROUNDCOVER FOLIAGE COLOURS IN DIFFERENT SEASONS, together with the months of flower buds before flowering and the post months of seedheads.

 

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