Ivydene Gardens Heather Evergreen Shrub
Comparison Gallery:
Site Map

Some gardens in different countries, which are open to the public, may not be all heather gardens, but all have significant plantings - see bottom of right hand menu table in each page of Erica carnea Gallery. See same pages to locate nurseries throughout the world who sell heathers.

Some heathers besides having flowers have foliage colours that change from 1 season to the next season -

  • Spring (March, April, May),
  • Summer (June, July, August),
  • Autumn (September, October, November) and
  • Winter (December, January, February).


This Comparison Gallery provides comparison pages of the:-

  • 18 flower colours as shown in the menu table on the right,
  • 18 flower colours in each of the months that heather flowers,
  • 7 foliage colours per season as shown in the menu table on the right, and
  • Each of the Heather Cultivar Groups

and the Index for the heathers shown in each of these Comparison Pages is in 1 or more Index Pages in the Heather Evergreen Shrub Index Gallery instead of being in the same Comparison page, due to their being too many to include within the available space.
THE COMBINATION OF FOLIAGE COLOUR CHANGE CAN BE USED IN YOUR GARDEN DESIGN TO AID DIFFERENT GROUNDCOVER FOLIAGE COLOURS IN DIFFERENT SEASONS, together with the months of flower buds before flowering and the post months of seedheads.

 

 

The Heather Society is the International Cultivar Registration Authority for all heathers: plants in the genera Andromeda, Bruckenthalia spiculifolia, Calluna, Daboecia and Erica. The following shows the 74 heathers split up and then each described in a Heather Description Page with large-size photos in the relevant Heather Description Gallery:-

as shown in the Topic menu on the left.

You can select a Heather Evergreen Shrub by clicking on the Thumbnail to change page to its Plant Description from the:-

  • Heather Flowering Season per Month
  • Heather Spring Foliage Colour
  • Heather Summer Foliage Colour
  • Heather Autumn Foliage Colour
  • Heather Winter Foliage Colour
  • Heather Cultivar Group
  • Seed Colour
  • Heather in Flower Bed Pictures Comparison Pages
    in the menu on the right
     

Site Map for Heathers

Every Comparison Page in this
Heather Evergreen Shrub Comparison Gallery
has 1 or more Index Pages in the
Heather Evergreen Shrub Index Gallery.

The following shows the
52 heathers
split up and then described in the relevant species index page of the Heather Evergreen Shrub Index Gallery with smaller photos than in the Heather Description Pages in the Galleries stated above:-

as shown in the menu on the right under the Index Page No columns - starting with 1.

 

The Heather Society
"
The Society covers every aspect of this world, from the wild heathers of European heaths and moorlands to the rare and unusual splendours of South African or “Cape” heaths, from everyday cultivation, including choosing, growing and propagating hardy heathers, to scientific studies and nomenclature.

The Heather Society was founded in 1963 to promote and encourage interest in all aspect of heathers. It now has members throughout the United Kingdom and Ireland as well as elsewhere in Europe, and in Africa, the Americas, Australasia and the Far East.

Members receive an informative yearbook, as well as three newsy Bulletins which contain a diary of events to keep members in touch with Society activities and new developments. It organizes regional groups, visits to heather gardens, an annual week-end gathering and the occasional field-trip, and provides free advice to members on heather-garden design or any problems they may have. The Heather Society maintains a photograph library, assists national collections of heathers, and is the International Cultivar Registration Authority (ICRA) for Andromeda, Calluna, Daboecia and Erica." from The Heather Society.
 

The Heather Society also has a Plant Ordering Service

.

 

The following is from the Highland Heathers Comrie Frequently Asked Questions Page and they request that you call them for up-to-date stock if your wish to order their heathers:-

"Care of Heathers

Planting

1. Before planting get rid of all weeds particularly perennial weeds.

2. Always plant with the lower foliage firmly on the soil e.g bare stems below the soil.

3. 2" peat mulch around new plants.

4. Plant in open sunny position or semi-shade free from dense shade and over-hanging trees.

5. Planting distance:

• 5-7 plants per square yard

• 12-18" apart depending on variety

6. Plant in a mixture of peat and soil.

7. Never plant in pure peat.

8. Plant all year round but best in April/May or September/October as the ground is warm and damp.

Maintenance

Very little as long as the following points are observed:-

1. Never allow plants to dry out. Drought is the greatest danger to plants before they are well established.

2. If well mulched little weeding is necessary. Light dressings of slow release fertiliser, powdered seaweed, hoof and horn manure, dried blood, fish manure, bone meal are beneficial. Overfeeding produces too much soft growth and no flowers.

3. Pruning - Winter/Spring flowering need pruning only very rarely perhaps once every 2-3 years if at all. Other varieties require pruning on a regular basis after they have flowered every year. This keeps the plant bushy, evenly shaped and covered in new growth that will provide the flowers for the next season.

4. Complete ground cover within 2 or 3 years.

"

 

Recommended Heathers - This is a revised list, following discussions at The Heather Society’s Annual Gathering 2011; published online on 13 September 2011.

Spring Park Nursery in Dumfries & Galloway, South West Scotland has over 1000 heather cultivars for mail-order sale to the UK and exports to Holland, Germany, France and Italy.

Heather's Heide has 1400 heather cultivars for mail-order sale from Holland, but their online shop website is closed on Sunday, and the only online page on display on that week-day states that fact. They can create planting proposal(s) and then you can mail-order those plants for that planting proposal.

Plantago has links to nurseries for most of andromeda, calluna , daboecia and erica heathers in the EEC.

Karla's favourite heathers from the 900 for mail-order sale from Heaths & Heathers Nursery in America.

Bunchberry Nurseries has 69 Heathers for sale and collection from nursery in Canada.

Descriptions of heather varieties suitable for growing in the gardens of central Russia.

 

Starting to take more photos so that I can compare the flower colour and Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter foliage colour in this gallery and the Colour Wheel Galleries - October 2014.

 

PLANT LABELLING

Besides the 2 groups of Erica mackayana which were photographed with white flowers in August 2013 in the Heathers beds of the RHS garden at Wisley, when normally they are described as Pink, it becomes difficult to identify the following heather in an isosceles triangle of each side being 16 feet (480 cms) long without its possible label being visible on the 2 January 2015:-

Unamedheather1

and from other end of the bed:-

Unamedheather2

 

 

INCORRECT LABEL
The following heather with Pink Flowers has a Black Plant Label stating Calluna vulgaris 'Corrie's White' and a White Plant Label (3 Photos below were taken on 12 April 2015 by Chris Garnons-Williams):-

Misnamedheather1

The White Plant Label states Erica 'John Pook' (which is Erica carnea 'John Pook'):-

Misnamedheather2

Erica carnea 'John Pook' - White in bud open lilac pink give a bi-colored effect.  Flowers from January-March.  Medium green foliage  6” tall  by 18” wide. 

The following photo agrees with the above description of "white in bud open lilac pink", so this heather may be
Erica carnea 'John Pook' instead of
Calluna vulgaris 'Corrie's White':-

Misnamedheather3

 

 

Possibly the same problems as have arisen in the Mixed Borders of the RHS garden at Wisley may occur in the Heather Beds:-

like the lack of the cultivar name for this Rhododendron in one of the Heather Beds with my photo from 1 May 2013:-

Unamedrhododendron1

crop of above photo:-

Unamedrhododendron2

I assume that if the Royal Horticultural Society asked the diligent workforce in China; that the Chinese would then provide the labour, materials and expertise to supplant the current efforts in plant labelling of the Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) at Wisley.

 

There are some 5 further comments in the Comments Page and the comment on effects of not pruning in the Introduction Page.

.

Dear Chris

Although we have a "slide library" most slides are old and the images are not good.

Moreover we simply do not have the range of material that you are seeking especially considering that heathers can change foliage colour several times in the year (see <http://www.heathersociety.org/heather-of-the-month>).

Heathers (Calluna, Erica, Daboecia and Andromeda) have flower colour coded by the Heather Society's own colour chart which was devised using the RHS chart.

The best I can do is ask our newsletter editor to include your request and hope members respond (but don't expect much).

Regards

 

Charles Nelson (Dr): Registrar

 

On 23 May 2012, at 14:51, Chris Garnons-Williams wrote:

As a hobby I am creating a small educational website www.ivydenegardens.co.uk, part of which aims to compare the flower, foliage, overall shape, fruit/seed and in flowerbeds/landscape of every cultivated/wildflower plant either grown and/or sold in the UK. Some heathers change foliage colour from season to season and I would like to include all your registered heathers in my website and their foliage in the Foliage Colour Wheels (212 colours) and their flower colours in their own galleries as well as in the Flower Colour Wheels. To do this I need donated photos of the flower, flowers, each change of foliage colour from juvenile to mature to dead or from spring to summer, autumn and winter as well as the whole natural shape. I have done 10% of the native wildflowers as their own page, all of them in their family pages with website links to photos, mail-order for seeds or plants and distribution maps. Am presently doing the American Gladioli registered in 2009 - having done registration year 2008 and the ones supplied by the registrar of English Classified Gladioli for the European Gladioli.

 

The Heather Society (charity registered in England and Wales no. 261407): "to promote and encourage an interest in heathers" 

website www.heathersociety.org

 

Administrator (Dr Charles Nelson), Tippitiwitchet Cottage, Hall Road, OUTWELL, Wisbech, Cambridgeshire, PE14 8PE, UK

[int + 44] (0) 1945 774077

theheathersociety@phone

.

 

Deeproot Plant base is an encyclopaedia of plants in the form of a simple to use interactive database. It is supplied complete with extensive data, but also enables adding and modification with personal information, including references to external material. The fully featured PC edition is available for download, also the same data may be viewed in the free simplified on-line version at www.deeproot.co.uk . The commercial reproduction rights of the photos in the database are for sale from Geoffrey Looker of Deeproot Software - email: enq@deeproot.co.uk.

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

Site design and content copyright ©May 2012. Page structure amended January 2013. Page structure changed October 2014. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.

 

Topic
Case Studies
Companion Planting
Garden Construction
Garden Design
Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants
Soil
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
Bulb
Climber
Colour Wheel
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evergreen

 

...Heather Shrub *
...Heather Index
......Andromeda
......
Bruckenthalia
......Calluna
......Daboecia
......Erica: Carnea
......Erica: Cinerea
......Erica: Others


Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods

Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable

Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

 

HEATHER EVERGREEN SHRUB
COMPARISON
GALLERY PAGES

(o) in front of Page Name or Index Page No in this Main Menu Table indicates that all pages linked to from that cell have content.

Site Map

Introduction

Index Page No.

 

Index Page No.

Click on Colour below to change to its Heather Flower Colour Page with Flower and Flower Stalk

FLOWERING SEASON
with Flower and Flower Stalk

 

CULTIVAR GROUP
with Flowers

 

 

(o) H0
White
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1e1a1b1a

Index Page No.

(o) H1 Amethyst
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1q1a1a1

Index Page No.

H2
Mauve
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

Index Page No.

(o) January
Winter

(o)
1 2

Andromeda

(o) 1

 

(o) 1

(o) 1

1

(o) February
Winter

(o)
1 2

Bruckenthalia spiculifolia changed to
Erica spiculifolia

1

 

(o) H3
Lavender
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1c1a1a1a

(o) 1

H4
Lilac
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1d1a1a1a

1

H5
Ruby
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1f1a1a1a

1

(o) March
Spring

(o)
1 2

(o) Calluna
and
Calluna Gallery

(o) 1

(o) April
Spring

(o)
1 2

(o) Daboecia
and
Daboecia Gallery

(o) 1

 

H6
Cerise
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1g1a1a1a

1

(o) H7
Rose Pink
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1h1a1a1a

(o) 1

(o) H8
Pink
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1i1a1a1a

(o) 1

(o) May
Spring

(o) 1

Erica Others Gallery
and
Erica Hardy Heaths:-
 

 

(o) June
Summer

(o) 1

Erica x afroeuropea

(o) 1

 

(o) H9
Beetroot
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1j1a1a1a

(o) 1

(o) H10
Purple
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1k1a1a1a

(o) 1

(o) H11
Lilac Pink
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1l1a1a1a

(o) 1

(o) July
Summer

(o) 1

Erica andevalensis now treated as Erica mackayana ssp andevalensis

1

 

(o) August
Summer

(o) 1

(o) Erica arborea

(o) 1

 

(o) H12 Heliotrope
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1m1a1a1a

(o) 1

H13 Crimson
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1n1a1a1a

1

(o) H14 Magenta
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1o1a1a1a

(o) 1

(o) September
Autumn

(o) 1

(o) Erica x arendsiana

(o) 1

 

(o) October
Autumn

(o) 1

(o) Erica australis

(o) 1

 

H15 Salmon

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1p1a1a1a

1

(o) H16
Shell Pink

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1b1a1a1a

(o) 1

(o) H17 Multi-Coloured
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1e1a1a1a1

(o) 1

(o) November
Autumn

(o) 1

(o) Erica azorica
(Syn.
Erica scoparia subsp. azorica)

(o) 1

 

(o) December
Winter

(o) 1

(o) Erica carnea
and
Carnea Gallery

(o)
1 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(o) Erica ciliaris

(o) 1

 

 

 

 

 

(o) COMMENTS

 

 

 

SPRING FOLIAGE COLOUR
with Foliage Stalk and Form

 

(o) Erica cinerea
and
Cinerea Gallery

(o) 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spr-Bronze

1

(o) Erica x darleyensis

(o) 1

 

Heather Height from Text Border

(o) Spr-Green

(o) 1

(o) Erica erigena

(o) 1

 

Spr-Grey

1

Erica garforthensis

(o) 1

 

 

Purple = up to 4 inches (10cm)

 

Orange = up to 6 inches (15cm)

 

Violet = up to 8 inches (20cm)

(o) Spr-Orange

(o) 1

Erica gaudificans

(o) 1

 

Spr-Red

1

(o) Erica x griffithsii

(o) 1

 

(o) Spr-Yellow

(o) 1

Erica krameri

(o) 1

 

(o) Spr-Other Colour

(o) 1

(o) Erica lusitanica

(o) 1

 

 

Brown = up to 10 inches (25cm)

 

Blue = up to 12 inches (30cm)

 

Green = up to 14 inches (35cm)

 

 

(o) Erica mackayana

(o) 1

 

SUMMER FOLIAGE COLOUR
with Foliage Stalk and Form

 

Erica maderensis

(o) 1

 

(o) Sum-Bronze

(o) 1

(0) Erica manipuliflora

(o) 1

 

(o) Sum-Green

(o)
1 2

Erica multiflora

1

 

 

Magenta = up to 16 inches (40cm)

 

Red = up to 18 inches (45cm)

 

Black = over 18 inches (45cm)

Sum-Grey

1

(o) Erica
oldenburgensis

(o) 1

 

Sum-Orange

1

Erica platycodon

1

 

Sum-Red

1

Erica scoparia

1

 

(o) Sum-Yellow

(o) 1

Erica sicula

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sum-Other Colour

1

(o) Erica spiculifolia

(o) 1

 

Heather Soil Moisture from Text Background

 

 

(o) Erica stuartii

(o) 1

 

AUTUMN FOLIAGE COLOUR
with Foliage Stalk and Form

 

Erica terminalis

1

 

 

Wet Soil

 

Moist Soil

 

Dry Soil

(o) Aut-Bronze

(o) 1

Erica tetralix

1

 

(o) Aut-Green

(o)
1 2

Erica umbellata

1

 

(o) Aut-Grey

(o) 1

Erica vagans

1

 

Aut-Orange

1

Erica veitchii

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aut-Red

1

Erica watsonii

1

 

 

Click on thumbnail to change to the Plant Description Page of the Heather named in the Text box below that photo.
The Comments Row of that Plant Description Page details where that heather is available from.
Flowering months append the Sun Aspect in the Text Box below each Thumbnail.

(o) Aut-Yellow

(o) 1

Erica williamsii

1

 

Aut-Other Colour

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WINTER FOLIAGE COLOUR
with Foliage Stalk and Form

 

SEED COLOUR

 

 

(o) Win-Bronze

(o) 1

Seed

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(o) Win-Green

(o)
1 2

 

 

 


"Handy Guide to Heathers
- Descriptions & Suppliers of over 1000 varieties" by David & Anne Small. Published in 1992 by Denbeigh Heather Nurseries in the UK. ISBN 0-9519160-0-9.
It provides a handy reference to descriptions of heathers in the genera Andromeda, Bruckenthalia, Calluna, Daboecia and Erica which are commercially cultivated in Britain, Europe and North America. The information has very largely come from the work of the Heather Society on producing an International Register of all heather names irrespective of whether they are in commercial use or not.

Win-Grey

1

BED PICTURES

 

 

(o) Win-Orange

(o) 1

Garden

1

 

(o) Win-Red

(o) 1

 

 

 

(o) Win-Yellow

(o) 1

Website Structure Explanation and
User Guidelines

 

(o) Win-Other Colour

(o) 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Some heathers besides having flowers have foliage colours that change from 1 season to the next season in the UK -

  • Spring (March, April, May),
  • Summer (June, July, August),
  • Autumn (September, October, November) and
  • Winter (December, January, February).


This Comparison Gallery provides comparison pages of the:-

  • 18 flower colours with flower and flower stalk as shown in the menu table above,
  • 18 flower colours with flower and flower stalk in each of the months that heather flowers,
  • 7 foliage colours with foliage stalk and form per season as shown in the menu table above, and
  • Each of the Heather Cultivar Groups with flowers

and the Index for the heathers shown in each of these Comparison Pages is in 1 or more Index Pages in the relevant Heather Evergreen Shrub Index Gallery instead of being in the same Comparison page, due to their being too many to include within the available space.
THIS COMBINATION OF FOLIAGE COLOUR CHANGE CAN BE USED IN YOUR GARDEN DESIGN TO AID DIFFERENT GROUNDCOVER FOLIAGE COLOURS IN DIFFERENT SEASONS, together with the months of flower buds before flowering and the post months of seedheads.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heather
Evergreen Shrub Species Name with link to its Comparison Page
or
Cultivar or Hybrid Name with link to its Description Page

Flower Colour

Flowering Months

Height x Spread in inches (cms)
(1 inch = 2.5 cms, 12" = 1 foot = 30 cms)

Foliage Colour

Spring

Summer

Autumn

Winter

Andromeda polifolia

"A dwarf plant of the northern hemisphere found in Europe, North America ad Japan. The majority of the species grown in gardens emanate from the Japanese population where they are found on well separated mountains, each having distinctive groups of plants."

Andromeda polifolia 'Alba'

White - H0

May,
June

6 x 16
(15 x 40)

Dark Grey

Dark Grey

Dark Grey

Dark Grey

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bruckenthalia spiculifolia

"A dwarf, heather like shrub with tiny dense foliage with flowers displayed above the plant in short compact racemes. Ideal for the heather garden with a flowering season earlier than most Daboecia and Erica cinerea."

"Erica spiculifolia (Bruckenthalia) - Bruckenthalia's beautiful name has been changed to plain old Erica." from Heaths and Heathers.

See Erica spiculifolia below.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Calluna vulgaris are listed in the Calluna vulgaris B Gallery Pages
A-C
D-G
H-L
M-R
S-Z

"Calluna prefers light acid soils. It will grow in any lime free soil but growth is less vigourous in heavier soils. Calluna will perform better in open sunny situations, this being particularly true for those exhibiting foliage colour variations."

'Boskoop' - H3

Lavender - H3

August, September

12 x 18
(30 x 45)

Rich Gold

Rich Gold

Rich Gold

Orange with Red tints

'Bunsall' - H2

Mauve - H2

August, September

12 x 18
(30 x 45)

Yellow

Yellow

Yellow

Orange and Brown

'Coccinea' - H10

Purple - H10

August, September, October

10 x 10
(25 x 25)

Dark Grey-Green

Dark Grey-Green

Dark Grey-Green

Dark Grey-Green

'County Wicklow' - H16

Shell Pink (H16)

August, September, October, November

12 x 18
(30 x 45)

Medium Green

Medium Green

Medium Green

Medium Green

'Cuprea' - H3

Lavender - H3

August, September, October

12 x 12
(30 x 30)

Copper

Copper

Copper

Warm bronze red

'John F. Letts' - H3

Lavender - H3

September, October

4 x 10
(10 x 25)

Gold

Gold

Bronze

Red and Orange

'Orange Queen' - H3

Lavender - H3

August, September

14 x 18
(35 x 45)

Golden-Yellow

Golden-Yellow

Bronze

Orange

'Red Pimpernel' - H13

Crimson - H13

August, September, October, November

8 x 18
(20 x 45)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

'Sirsson' - H8

Pink - H8

August, September

12 x 20
(30 x 50)

Gold

Gold

Gold

Orange to Red

'Stefanie' - H0

White - H0

September, October, November

10 x 14
(25 x 35)

Bright Green

Bright Green

Bright Green

Bright Green

'Sunset' - H11

Lilac-Pink - H11

August, September, October

8 x 18
(20 x 45)

Bronzing

Gold

Red

Red

'Velvet Fascination' - H0

White - H0

August, September

20 x 28
(50 x 70)

Soft, Silvery Grey-Green

Soft, Silvery Grey-Green

Soft, Silvery Grey-Green

Soft, Silvery Grey-Green

'White Lawn' - H0

White - H0

August, September

2 x 16
(5 x 40)

Clear Green

Clear Green

Clear Green

Clear Green

'Winter Chocolate' - H3

Lavender - H3

August, September, October

8 x 18
(20 x 45)

New growth is Salmon

Gold foliage with Pink tips

Gold foliage with Pink tips

Intense Red

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Daboecia azorica

"This species is found growing in the azores up to a height of 2000m, but despite this, clones so far collected are easily damaged by -5 degrees C frosts. It is distinguished from Daboecia cantabrica by being a more diminuative plant with smaller leaves and flowers with no hairs on the corolla. Plants sold under this name are usually Daboecia x scotica."

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Daboecia cantabrica

"St. Daboec's heath has broad leaves, white on the underside, and large flowers which drop when finished. They will tolerate a little shade but should not be planted directly under trees. They are remarably resistant to drought. Some cultivars suffer in winter if planted in heavy ground, frost hollows, or in cold windy aspects."

'Bicolor' - H0 and H9

White, Pink and Beetroot Red - H17

July, August, September, October, November

12 x 24
(30 x 60)

Mid-Green

Mid-Green

Mid-Green

Mid-Green

Daboecia x scotica

"This group of plants consist of hybrids between Daboecia cantabrica and Daboecia azorica. They have the compactness of Daboecia azorica and hardiness of Daboecia cantabrica. Cultural details as for Daboecia cantabrica."

'Bearsden' - H11

Lilac-Pink - H11

June,
July, August, September, October, November

12 x 18
(30 x 45)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Erica arborea

"A tree heath which in our UK climate may reach 3-5 metres. It is not as tolerant of lime as is commonly supposed and is best grown in acid conditions. Young plants should be shaped in the early years to avoid untidy growth. It is not generally very hardy but there are exceptions. Can be damaged by heavy snowfalls but will break from the base again."

'Estrella Gold' - H0

White - H0

April,
May

48 x 30 (120 x 75)

Lime-Green tipped bright Yellow

Lime-Green

Lime-Green

Lime-Green

Erica australis

"Tree heaths with rather straggly growth preferring acid soils. However, their flowers, large and showy, are outstanding. Prone to snow and wind damage."

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Erica carnea are listed in the Erica carnea Gallery

"One of the hardiest of all heaths and very easy to grow in almost any soil. All exhibit a dwarf carpeting habit and with few exceptions rarely require pruning. Care must be taken when pruning as Erica carnea buds as early as July in the UK. It is safer to prune immediately after the flowers have faded. Prune around the edges and very lightly over the top of the plant. The flowering times of Erica carnea vary markedly, plants in milder climates being as much as 2 months earler than in colder conditions. Generally they can be expected to show flower for 6-8 weeks within the time span stated."

Erica ciliaris

"This species occurs naturally in moist acid sunny positions, but experience has shown that, in cultivation, it can withstand drought as well as any other Erica. This species has the largest bells of our native UK heaths."

'Globosa' - H11

Lilac Pink - H11

August, September, October, November

12 x 20
(30 x 50)

Mid-Green

Mid-Green

Mid-Green

Mid-Green

Erica cinerea are listed in the Erica cinerea Gallery

"A species commonly found on the drier parts of moors and heathlands but fares no better than other ericas during periods of drought. Whilst the majority of the cultivars have rather drab dark green foliage, they are well worth growing for the great richness and range of their flowers. Acid soil is essential to grow this species successfully."

Erica x darleyensis

"One of the easiest heathers to grow. It is suitable for all soils and particularly good at smothering weeds. These cultivars are hybrids between Erica carnea and Erica erigena and, like all sterile hardy hybrids, have coloured young foliage and a long flowering period. Hardy"

'Arthur Johnson' - H8

Pink - H8 , which deepen with age to heliotrope

December, January, February, March, April

18 x 30
(45 x 75)

Mid Green tipped Cream

Mid Green

Mid Green

Mid Green

'Darley Dale' - H16

Open
Shell Pink - H16 and darken to Pink

November, December, January, February, March, April

15-18 x 36 (37.5-45 x 90)

Mid Green with Cream tips

Mid Green

Mid Green

Mid Green

'Dunreggan' - H0

White - H0

January, February, March, April, May

18 x 20
(45 x 50)

Mid Green

Mid Green

Mid Green

Mid Green

'Epe' - H11

Lilac Pink - H11

January, February, March, April, May

12 x 24
(30 x 60)

Medium Green

Medium Green

Medium Green

Medium Green

'George Rendall' - H8

Open
Pink - H8 darkening to heliotrope

November, December, January, February, March, April, May

15 x 26 (37.5 x 65)

Mid Green tipped red initially, fading to pink and cream

Mid Green

Mid Green

Mid Green

'Ghost Hills' - H8

Mauve - H2 deepen on aging to heliotrope

November, December, January, February, March, April, May

18 x 36
(45 x 90)

Light Green with Cream tips

Light Green

Light Green

Light Green

'Jack H. Brummage' - H10

Reddish Purple - H10

January, February, March, April, May

12 x 24
(30 x 60)

Golden Orange-Yellow

Golden Orange-Yellow

Golden Orange-Yellow

Golden Orange-Yellow becoming Bronze-tinted

'James Smith' - H10

Deep Pink to reddish Purple - H10

December, January, February, March, April

14 x 22
(35 x 55)

Medium Green tipped Pink and Cream

Medium Green

Medium Green

Medium Green

'Kramer's Rote' - H14

Magenta - H14

January, February, March, April

15 x 24 (37.5 x 60)

Dark Bronze/Green

Dark Bronze/Green

Dark Bronze/Green

Dark Bronze/Green

'Margaret Porter' - H4

Lilac - H4

December, January, February, March, April, May

8-10 x 18 (20-25 x 45)

Mid Green with Cream tips

Mid Green

Mid Green

Mid Green

'Mary Helen' - H8

Pink - H8

February, March, April

10 x 18
(25 x 45)

Yellow/Gold

Yellow/Gold

Yellow/Gold

Yellow/Gold foliage bronzing

'Silberschmelze' - H0

Ashen White - H0

December, January, February, March, April, May

14 x 32
(35 x 80)

Mid Green with Cream tips

Mid Green

Mid Green

Mid Green tinged Red

'White Glow' - H0

White - H0

December, January, February, March, April, May

10 x 20
(25 x 50)

Mid Green

Mid Green

Mid Green

Mid Green

'W.G. Pine' - H12

Pink to Heliotrope - H12

December, January, February, March, April

8 x 20
(20 x 50)

Dark Green tipped Red

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

Erica erigena

"A species useful in alkaline soils and providing some of the better 'architectural' heaths. Not as hardy as Erica carnea and Erica x darleyensis and damage is caused by frosts greater than -10 degrees C. Damage can also be caused by heavy snow as branches are rather brittle."

'Irish Silver' - H4

Lilac - H4

April, May, June

16 x 16
(40 x 40)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

'Superba' - H16

Shell Pink - H16

April, May, June

60 x 24 (150 x 60)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

Erica lusitanica

"A tree heath found naturally on acid soil in Portugal, Northern Spain and South West France and has the lngest flowering period of any tree heath. Capable of withstanding a considerable amount of drought."

Erica lusitanica
Ericalusitanicacflo1garnonwilliams

White - H0

March, April, May

40 x 28 (100 x 70)

Medium Green

Medium Green

Medium Green

Medium Green

'George Hunt' - H0
Ericalusitanicageorgehuntcflogarnonwilliams

White - H0

March, April

28 x 18
(70 x 45)

Bright Yellow

Bright Yellow

Bright Yellow

Bright Yellow

Erica mackaiana

"Another lime hater found naturally in boggy ground in western Ireland and north-west Spain. It provides neat ground cover, but is suspect in very dry conditions. It produces new shoots from the roots, which can be detached to form new plants."

'Maura' - H12

Heliotrope - H12

July, August, September

10 x 14
(25 x 35)

Mid Grey-Green

Mid Grey-Green

Mid Grey-Green

Mid Grey-Green

Erica manipuliflora

"An eastern Mediterranean species which is lime tolerant, and happily grows on magnesium deficient soils (unlike Erica vagans). There are 2 distinct populations now classified as sub-species"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Erica spiculifolia

"Erica spiculifolia (Bruckenthalia) - Bruckenthalia's beautiful name has been changed to plain old Erica.  This is probably the hardiest heath of all.  When all others are damaged, Bruckenthalia remains unharmed.  Needs good drainage, acid soil and sun.  The flowers are held above the plants in short compact racemes.  It is an early season bloomer and sometimes blooms again in the fall.  They rot off at the base branch by branch if too wet. Zone 4 (-30 below) - probably Zone 3 - and warmer." from Heaths and Heathers.

"A dwarf, heather like shrub with tiny dense foliage with flowers displayed above the plant in short compact racemes. Ideal for the heather garden with a flowering season earlier than most Daboecia and Erica cinerea." from The Handy Guide to Heathers by David and Anne Small.

'Balkan Rose' - H12

Heliotrope - H12

June,
July

6 x 12
15 x 30)

Dark Gray Green

Dark Gray Green

Dark Gray Green

Dark Gray Green

Erica x stuartii

"A natural hybrid between Erica mackaiana and Erica tetralix in Connemara and Donegal, Ireland. It is apparently absent fromnorthe-west Spain, the only site where the 2 parents co-exist."

'Connemara' - H14

Magenta - H14

July, August, September

10 x 20
(25 x 50)

Dark Grey Green

Dark Grey Green

Dark Grey Green

Dark Grey Green

Erica terminalis

"A tree heath found from southern Spain to southern Italy which nevertheless is the hardiest of all tree heaths. It quickly forms an erect bush, which if pruned frequently in the early years forms a good shape suitable for low hedging and specimen planting. Lime tolerant."

Erica terminalis - H11

Lilac Pink - H11

July, August, September

72-96 x 36 (180-240 x 90)

Mid Green

Mid Green

Mid Green

Mid Green

Erica tetralix

"The third most widespread native UK heath, often found in boggy areas. In the garden, however, it is tolerant of drier conditions but does require acid soil. The flowers of this very hardy species are typically held in terminal umbels."

'Delta' - H7

Rose-Pink - H7

July

4 x 8
(10 x 20)

Grey Green

Grey Green

Grey Green

Grey Green

Erica umbellata

"A very useful and colourful species as it flowers between Erica carnea and Erica cinerea. It will grow in alkaline soils but requires a well-drained soil. It can withstand drought and is fairly hardy provided the soil is free draining. It flowers profusely especially if it is not trimmed"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Erica vagans

"A native UK species found on the serpentine and gabbro rocks of the Lizard Peninsula in Cornwall, but will be successful in any soil containing a high content of magnesium. It provides a very useful range of colours during September and October. The faded bells of many cultivars become an attractive russet in winter."

'Holden Pink' - H16

Shell Pink - H16

August, September, October

10 x 24
(25 x 60)

Medium Green

Medium Green

Medium Green

Medium Green

'Leucantha' - H0

Off White - H0

August, September, October

16 x 28
(40 x 70)

Medium Green

Medium Green

Medium Green

Medium Green

'Lyonesse' - H0

White - H0

August, September, October

10 x 20
(25 x 50)

Bright Green

Bright Green

Bright Green

Bright Green

'St Keverne' - H8

Pink - H8

August, September, October, November

8 x 18
(20 x 45)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

Erica x veitchii

"Hybrids between Erica arborea and Erica lusitanica which are generally not quite hardy, severe damage occurring at -15 degrees C to some of the cultivars."

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Erica x watsonii

"A sterile hybrid occurring naturally between Erica ciliaris and Erica tetralix, first found in Cornwall in 1831. The form and habit amongst the cultivars varies considerably, but generally they have a long flowering period and are hardy."

'Claire Elise' - H14
Ericawatsoniiclaireelisecflogarnonswilliams

Magenta Pink - H14

July, August, September, October

8 x 18
(20 x 45)

Dark Green with striking dark Red tips

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

'Dorothy Metheny' - H4
Ericawatsoniidorothymethenycflogarnonswilliams

Pale Lilac - H4 deepening with age

June, July, August, September, October

12 x 18
(30 x 45)

Bright Green with Yellow tips

Bright Green

Bright Green

Bright Green

Erica x williamsii

"A naturally occurring sterile hybrid between Erica vagans and Erica tetralix first found near St. Keverne, Cornwall in 1860 and known nowhere else but on the Lizard Peninsula. It will tolerate some alkaline soils."

'Gold Button' - H11

Lilac Pink - H11

August, September

2 x 4
(5 x 10)

Golden-Yellow

Golden-Yellow

Golden-Yellow

Golden-Yellow

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

The 2 rows in the Shrub Heather Index Gallery Pages of "Height x Spread in inches (cms) (1 inch = 2.5 cms, 12" = 1 foot = 30 cms) and Comment" state the Heather Description from 'Handy Guide to Heathers Descriptions & Suppliers of over 1000 varieties" by David & Anne Small, published in 1992 by Denbeigh Heather Nurseries (ISBN 0-9519160-0-9). This gives the official Heather Society flower colour(s) and foliage colour(s).
Photos from Chris Garnons-Williams are added to that respective flower colour or foliage colour page in this Shrub Heather Gallery and the relevant index page in Shrub Heather Index Gallery IRRESPECTIVE OF THE ACTUAL FLOWER COLOUR OR FOLIAGE COLOUR (stated in the Handy Guide) IN THE IMAGE THAT WAS TAKEN BY CHRIS GARNONS-WILLIAMS.

 

Site design and content copyright ©May 2012.
Page structure amended January 2013.
Comparison Pages changed in this Gallery and Index Page for each Comparison Page added to the new Heather Index Gallery in December 2014.
Index of Heathers with their own Plant Description Pages created before December 2014 added to this Table in March 2015.
Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.
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