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Flowers

Foliage

See photo and illustration from Lees Co

Form

Click on photos from Maple Ridge Nursery in April and November

Plant Name

Acer palmatum 'Chitose-yama'

(Acer palmatum 'Chitoseyama Red')

Common Name

Japanese Maple

Soil

Acid Sand

Sun Aspect

Part Shade

Soil Moisture

Moist

Plant Type

Deciduous Shrub

Height x Spread in feet (cms)

6 x 10 (180 x 300)

Foliage

Deeply cut, 7-lobed, Pale Crimson-Green foliage, which turns rich Purple-Red in Autumn

Flower Colour in Month(s). Fruit

Purple-red in August

Comment

Mound-forming form. Mulch the roots with compost or bark in the autumn to prevent them getting frozen during the winter. Protect from cold winds and late frosts, which kill the juvenile foliage.
Photos from Read of Coblands Nurseries Ltd.

"Unfortunately, there are two trees grown with the name 'Chitose yama'. The original, a red clone from Japan dating back to the list of 1882 and this one, a green clone, named at Exbury gardens in England around 1990. The name refers to the mountains near the town of Chitose on the Japanese island of Hokkaido.  Since this tree has no legitimate claim to the name being second, we refer to it as Chitose yama "Exbury form".  

All that aside, this is a wonderful tree. Good enough to win the Royal Horticulture Society Award of Garden Merit in 1993. In early spring the leaves emerge a distinctive  pale green with red tips covered with a white pubescence. If this weren't striking enough the entire tree is usually covered with an abundance of beautiful little red blooms. As temperatures warm and summer approaches the heavily textured leaves turn olive green complimented by the now ripe red samaras adorning the tree. As if all this were not enough, the real show starts in fall when this form of Chitose yama turns a traffic stopping bright red that literally glows. Usually as wide as tall, mature specimens of this clone become exceptionally graceful." from Maple Ridge Nursery.

"Grow in a moist but well-drained soil. Water in summer if necessary. Leaf colour is best in partial shade, although full sun can be tolerated. Leaf scorch can be caused by lack of soil moisture or excessive exposure" from Royal Horticultural Society.

Use as speciman, or Hedge/Screen - from Wasco Nursery in America.

Available from 21 suppliers in the UK with Maple Ridge Nursery in America.

Companion Plants

"Acidic Plants

According to University of California Master Gardener Pam Wallace, plants that thrive in acidic soil tend to make good companion plants for Japanese maples. Begonias, gardenias and rhododendrons are a few acid-loving plants that you can plant next to your maple. Depending on the cultivar, begonias (Begonia) grow in USDA zones 6 through 11, producing tropical-like blooms in a wide array of colors. The gardenia (Gardenia jasminoides) grows in zones 8 through 10 with deep green foliage and blooms that fill the air with a pleasant aroma. The rhododendron (Rhododendron) includes more than 28,000 species and cultivars of plants growing in USDA zones 5 through 9.

Groundcovers

When planted underneath Japanese maples, groundcovers surround the tree with a blanket of greenery instead of drab dirt. For example, planting purple sheep’s burr (Acaena inermis 'Purpurea') for a groundcover that produces brilliant purplish foliage with a scalloped edge will add a burst of color to the area. This groundcover grows up to 6-inches tall in zones 6 through 9.

Perennials

Unlike annuals, which require replanting each year, perennials may die back during the winter months but will sprout from the ground once the growing season arrives. Hosta (Hosta) is a perennial that -- even though it produces showy blooms on tall spikes -- is grown for its attractive foliage. Depending on the cultivar, hosta is hardy in zones 3 through 9 and produces foliage in varying colors. Another option is Pelargonium, a perennial shrub that grows in zones 9 through 15. Pelargoniums produce tropical-like, showy blooms in various colors and shapes that make a striking companion for the Japanese maple.

Butterfly- and Hummingbird-Attracting Flowers and Shrubs

Many shrubs and flowers provide double duty as a companion plant to Japanese maples with the added bonus of attracting beneficial wildlife -- such as butterfly and hummingbirds -- to your garden. Sweet William (Dianthus), which grows in USDA hardiness zones 6 through 9, produces pleasantly fragrant blooms that attract butterflies that drink the sweet nectar." from Kitty Cruiser of Home Guides of San Francisco Chronicle.

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Single Flower

Single Leaf

Fruit

 

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Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
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SHRUB - DECIDUOUS GALLERY PAGES
Site Map of pages with content (o)

Introduction

FLOWER COLOUR
(o)Blue
Orange
(o)Other Colours
(o)Pink
(o)Red
(o)White
(o)Yellow

FOLIAGE COLOUR
Black
Blue
Brown
Bronze
(o)Green
(o)Grey
(o)Purple
(o)Red
Silver
Variegated White
Variegated Yellow
White
Yellow
(o)Autumn Colour
(o)4 Season Colour

FORM
Mat-forming
Prostrate
(o)Mound-forming
(o)Spreading
Clump-forming
(o)Upright
Climbing
(o)Arching

SHAPE
Columnar
Oval
(o)Rounded
Flattened
Narrow Conical
Broad Conical
Egg-shaped
Broad Ovoid
Narrow Vase-shape
Fan-shape
Broad Fan-shape
Narrow Weeping
Broad Weeping

FRUIT COLOUR
(o)Fruit

FLOWER BED PICTURES
Garden

Blue,
White,
Yellow,
Green for Orange and Other Colours with
Red and Pink in one page (shown in the Colour Wheel as Red, Purple and Pink)
Flower Colours per Month in Colour Wheel below in this DECIDUOUS SHRUB Gallery

Click on Black or White box in Colour of Month.

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Deciduous Shrub Height from Text Border

Blue = 0-2 feet

Green=2-6 feet

Red = 6+ feet

Deciduous Shrub Soil Moisture from Text Background

Wet Soil

Moist Soil

Dry Soil

Click on thumbnail to add the Plant Description Page of the Deciduous Shrub named in the Text box below that photo.
The Comments Row of that Deciduous Shrub Description Page details where that Deciduous Shrub is available from.

 

Deciduous Shrub Name

Flower Colour

Flowering Months

Height x Spread in feet (cms) (cms)

Foliage Colour

A

Abelia
schumannii
...
...
Abutilon
suntense

Rose-Purple and
White
...
...
White to dark
Violet-Blue

July, August,
September
...
...
June, July
...

5 x 6
(150 x 180)
...
...
12 x 8
(360 x 240)

Bronze juvenile foliage. Dark Green in Summer.
Red, Orange in Autumn and Winter.
Grey-Green
...

Acer palmatum
'Bloodgood'
Acer palmatum
'Burgundy Lace'
Acer palmatum
'Chitoseyama'
Acer palmatum 'Dissectum Atropurpureum'

Purple-Red
...
Purple-Red
...
Purple-Red
...
Bronze-Red
...
...

August
...
August
...
August
...
April
...
...

15 x 15
(450 x 450)
12 x 15
(360 x 450)
6 x 10
(180 x 300)
3 x 5
(90 x 150)
...

Red-Purple to Red
in Autumn.
Red-Purple
...
Crimson-Green to Purple-Red in Autumn.
Bronze-Red in Spring, Purple in Summer, Red, Orange and Yellow in Autumn.

Amelanchier
lamarckii
...
...

White
...
...
...

March, April
...
...
...

30 x 40
(900 x 1200)
...
...

Rounded leaves unfold Bronze, then mature Dark Green and followed by rich Red-Orange in the Autumn.

B

Berberis
thunbergii
atropurpurea
Berberis
thunbergii
atropurpurea
'Dart's Red Lady'

Berberis
thunbergii atropurpurea
'Erecta'
Berberis
thunbergii
atropurpurea
'Atropurpurea Nana'
Berberis thunbergii atropurpurea 'Rose Glow'

Pale Yellow
...
...
Pale Yellow
...
...
...
Pale Yellow
...
...
...
Pale Yellow
...
...
...
...
Pale Yellow
...
...

April
...
...
April
...
...
...
April
...
...
...
April
...
...
...
...
April
...
...

2 x 2.5
(60 x 75)
...
2 x 2.5
(60 x 75)
...
...
5 x 5
(150 x 150)
...
...
2 x 2.5
(60 x 75)
...
...
...
2 x 2.5
(60 x 75)
...

Red-Purple turns Red in the Autumn.
...
Red-Purple turns Bright
Orange- Red in Autumn.
...
...
Light Green.
...
...
...
Red-Purple
...
...
...
...
Red-Purple flecked with
White. Juvenile foliage has no variegation.

Betula nana
...
...
Buddleja davidii
...
...

Yellow-Brown
Male
Catkins
Lilac to Purple
...
...

April
...
...
July, August,
September, October

2 x 4
(60 x 120)
...
15 x 15
(450 x 450)
...

Mid-Green in Spring
and Summer, Yellow or Red in Autumn.
Grey-Green
...
...

C

Chamaecytisus purpureus
incarnatus

Pale Pink to
Deep Lilac
...

June
...
...

1.5 x 2
(45 x 60)
...

Mid Green
...
...

Chaenomeles
japonica
Chaenomeles x superba

Orange to
Red
White, Pink or
Crimson

April, May
...
April, May,
June, July

3 x 6
(90 x 180)
5 x 6
(150 x 180)

Mid Green
...
Mid Green
...

Corokia
cotoneaster

Fragrant Yellow
...

June
...

8 x 8
(240 x 240)

Dark Green
...

Cotoneaster horizontalis
...

Pinkish-White
...
...

May, June
...
...

1.5 x 5
(45 x 150)
...

Glossy Dark Green in
Spring and Summer, Orange in Autumn

Cytisus
battandieri

...
Cytisus beanii
...
Cytisus 'Lena'
...
...
Cytisus
scoparius
andreanus

...

Pineapple-
scented
Yellow
Rich Yellow
...
Dark Yellow with
outside being
Bright Red
Bright Yellow
with Red
splashed on
outside

July, August
...
...
April, May
...
May, June
...
...
May
...
...
...

15 x 15
(450 x 450)
...
2 x 3
(60 x 90)
4 x 5
(120 x 150)
...
5 x 5
(150 x 150)
...
...

Silvery-Grey
...
...
Mid Green
...
Mid Green
...
...
Mid Green
...
...
...

D

Deutzia scabra
'Pride of Rochester'

White tinged with
Pink

June, July
...

10 x 6
(300 x 180)

Dark Green
...

E

 

 

 

 

 

F

Forsythia
...
Fuchsia
'Abbey Farges'
...
...
Fuchsia 'Flash'
...
...
...
Fuchsia
'General Monk'
...
...
Fuchsia
'Lady Thumb'
...
...

Yellow
...
Light Cerise
...
...
...
Light Magenta
...
...
...
Cerise
...
...
...
Red-Crimson
...
...
...

April
...
June, July,
August,
September, October
June, July,
August,
September, October
June, July,
August,
September, October
June, July,
August,
September, October

7 x 6
(210 x 180)
1.5 x 1.5
(45 x 45)
...
...
2.5 x 2.5
(75 x 75)
...
...
2 x 2
(60 x 60)
...
...
1 x 1
(30 x 30)
...
...

Light Green
...
Light Green
...
...
...
Light Green
...
...
...
Medium to Dark Green
...
...
...
Green
...
...
...

G

Genista lydia
...
Genista pilosa
...

Bright Yellow
...
Bright Yellow
...

May, June
...
June, July
...

2 x 3
(60 x 90)
1.3 x 3
(39 x 90)

Blue-Green
...
Dark Green
...

H

Hamamelis mollis
...

Fragrant
Golden-Yellow

February,
March

12 x 12
(360 x 360)

Mid-Green turns
yellow in autumn

Hydrangea
macrophylla
...
...
...
Hydrangea villosa
...

Blue (on soils with pH less than 5.5 - very acidic) or Pink (on soils above pH 5.5)
Blue-Purple
...

July, August
...
...
...
...
August
...

6x 8
(180 x 240)
...
...
...
8 x 8
(240 x 240)

Dark Green
...
...
...
...
Dark Green
...

I

 

 

 

 

 

J

Jasminum
nudiflorum

...

Bright Yellow before the foliage appears

January,
February, March, April

10 x 10
(300 x 300)
...

Dark Green
...
...

K

Kerria japonica
...

Golden-Yellow
...

April, May
...

6 x 8
(180 x 24)

Bright Green
...

L

Leycesteria
formosa

White with
Red Bracts

July, August,
September

6 x 6
(180 x 180)

Dark Green
...

Lonicera caerulea
...
Lonicera xylosteum
...

Yellowish-
White
Creamy-
White

April, May
...
June, July
...

6 x 6
(180 x 180)
10 x 10
(300 x 300)

Green
...
Grey-Green
...

M, N, O

 

 

 

 

 

P

Paeonia delavayi
...
Paeonia lutea
...
Paeonia
'Souvenir de
Maxine Cornu'
...
Paeonia
suffruticosa
...
...
...
Paeonia
suffruticosa
'Red Tree'

Dark Red
...
Vivid Yellow
...
Fragrant Golden Yellow with Reddish-Orange
margins
Fragrant White,
Pink, Red
or Purple with Maroon marks at the bases
Rich Dark Red
...
...

June
...
June
...
June
...
...
...
June
...
...
...
...
June
...
...

6 x 4
(180 x 120)
5 x 5
(150 x 150)
6 x 5
(180 x 150)
...
...
7 x 7
(210 x 210)
...
...
...
7 x 7
(210 x 210)
...

Dark Green
...
Dark Green
...
Mid Green
...
...
...
Dark Green
...
...
...
...
Light Green
...
...

Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

Site design and content copyright ©April 2007. Page structure amended November 2012. Chris Garnons-Williams.

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