Ivydene Gardens Mixed Borders Garden Design:
Introduction

With the photographic help of Heather Kavanagh and as an insignificant member of the Royal Horticultural Society, I am visiting the Royal Horticultural Society garden at Wisley to take photos of their plants to use in this website, since neither commercial mail-order nurseries nor the Royal Horticultural Society or The National Trust (member) will provide photos of the flower, foliage, overall shape, fruit/seed and in flower bed/ fruit orchard/ vegetable garden/ pond/ landscape from their plants that they own without payment.

As an unqualified member of the public, I am commenting on the unfortunate state for the visitors of the 2 Mixed Borders either side of the long lawn leading past the RHS Plant Centre to Battleston Hill; with the East Border having an entrance to that Plant Centre and the West Border having lawn gaps which lead to the Jubilee Rose Garden and AGM Borders. The Mixed Borders are item 2 on the Visitor Map to the RHS Garden Wisley Summer 2012, part of which is shown below with North being on the right hand side:-

wisleygardenmap

Design Considerations:-

What is the purpose of this small 200 acre garden at Wisley? Perhaps, it is show different aspects of gardening in different areas to a large number of day visitors for their education - 1 million per year (page 72 of The Garden May 2013).

So, you need to split the areas into:-

  • car park for them to arrive and depart from
  • entrance to get into and out of the garden
  • toilets and eating areas inside and outside the garden to sustain the bodily requirements of those visitors
  • shop and plant centre to get into from the garden and car park and out to the car park to them to buy plants and information about plants and
  • wide paths to quickly (paths only 4 feet wide allow for 2 people to walk alongside, 8 feet wide allow another couple to overtake them or come pass from the other direction without hindrance) get to an area through other areas and then view that area

to be within the constraints of the total physical area of Wisley garden. The profits from the entrance fee, eating areas, plant centre and shop can then be used to offset the capital and running costs of the garden.

Having got into the garden, the constraint of Item 15 (Laboratory Building) and Private House with its garden in Grey constrain your visitors movements until they come to a split in the path:-

  • one path on the left leads past the Private House and Garden; then up through a flight of steps to the Bedding Area - past the Plant Centre on the left - before reaching the entrance to Item 2 the Mixed Borders
  • middle path leads to the Conifer Lawn and
  • the right path leads past the Laboratory Building to the Canal and Loggia

These paths are all straight and thus persuade visitors to keep walking rather than admire the view alongside because they can see their first destination in the distance. This is important so that the thousands of daily visitors do not clog up the entrance path, which is also used as the exit path to the Entrance or to the Shop. I suspect that the middle path to the Conifer Lawn was improved for just this reason. The Bedding Area after the flight of steps can be seen from one end to the other whilst walking through it to other areas, thus providing interest and showing how bedding displays work and does not stop the steady dispersal of the visitors to other areas. The wheelchair users can use the path to the Conifer Lawn and then turn left into the middle of the Bedding Area to get straight onto the Mixed Borders, thus catering for them to be able to see that area as well. The photos at the bottom of this page show the view from each of the exits from The Mixed Borders Area.

There are 71 photos of the East Border and West Border of the Mixed Border and these have been stitched into Sections as detailed below and put into Design of East Border and Design of West Border Pages as shown in the right hand table at the bottom.

 

10 Panoramic Section views of the East Border and 9 of the West Border show the difference in plant growth from Winter to Spring to Summer to Autumn 2013.

Each of those Panoramic Sections has 3 to 6 parts as shown under the Winter, Spring, Summer with Early and Late Autumn Sections in the top of the menu table on the right :-

WINTER, SPRING, SUMMER WITH EARLY AND LATE AUTUMN SECTIONS OF WISLEY MIXED BORDERS
1-6 East Border

  • East Section 1 Parts 1, 2, 3, 4
  • East Section 2 Parts 4, 5, 6, 7
  • East Section 3 Parts 7, 8, 9,
  • East Section 4 Parts 10, 11, 12
  • East Section 5 Parts 12, 13, 14, 15, 16
  • East Section 6 Parts 16, 17, 18

7-10 East Border

1-5 West Border

6-9 West Border


Each of the 71 parts has its own Page with photos of that part in the Winter, Spring, Summer and Autumn and my comments. A part may appear on the right hand side in one panoramic section and also on the left hand side of the next panoramic section. Heather's photo procedure for each part of these composite panoramic sections was walking forward 5 paces on the respective path, turning to face across the lawn, take the photo, and then repeat the procedure for the next part. She started with the East Border at the Canal and Loggia end, proceeded up the lawn to the road, crossed the lawn and walked back to the Canal and Loggia end.
Each part has its own permanent planting of bulbs, perennials, shrubs, climbers and trees with bare areas in between for bedding. These permanent planting areas vastly reduce the overall maintenance time.

The use of organic mulching would further reduce irrigation requirements. The plant support structures for the climbers, perennials, shrubs and bulbs stop the display from being flattened when it rains heavily or is very windy. Some of these permanent plants are tender and their protections systems are shown.


Any of these parts could be used or adapted for your own private garden - surrounding path next to your boundary hedge, fence or wall and the respective part in the middle. These beds are 20 feet from the Lawn/Path to the Hornbeam Hedge. The soil is a sandy loam, that has been improved by adding well-rotted organic matter many years ago. The result is a well-drained, but moisture-retentive bed where grasses and herbaceous plants thrive without the need for water. The grasses do not require high Nitrogen levels so the organic matter to be added must be well-rotted.

 

Photos of the entry and exit points of the Mixed Borders to show which other areas of garden interest are directly linked to these Mixed Borders Beds

Starting with the entrance to the Bedding Area for the Wheelchair users:-

mixedborderexit6

then onto the the entrance from the Garden Entrance and Exit to the same Bedding Area:-

mixedborderexit7

before viewing up the Mixed Borders area to Battleston Hill with the Henry Moore Sculpture as a focal point in the distance:-

mixedborderexit8

Moving up the left side past the 3 beds of the East Mixed Border, we come to a small area with 1 garden seat for all the visitors to the Mixed Border area:-

mixedborderexit17

 

before continuing up to the Plant Centre exit:-

mixedborderexit9

with its exit gate for wheelchair users and the other green gate for pedestrian exit:-

mixedborderexit10

Having reached the end of the East Mixed Border beds, this is the Access Road to the RHS maintenance staff area and for their access only with the path for visitors leading onto Batleston Hill East with its Rhododendrons, Azaleas and Camellias:-

mixedborderexit1

The lawn area is used as a viewing area for the beds alongside and as a path to the Henry Moore Sculpture at the top of Battleston Hill before it then drops down to the Trials Field:-

mixedborderexit11

On the right hand side; the Access Road continues up Weather Hill to the Toilets on the left and the Jubilee Rose Garden on the right:-

mixedborderexit2

before we turn back to the Mixed Borders area again for this view taken on 11 November 2012:-

mixedborderexit12

and this view taken on 25th February 2013:-

mixedborderexit13

and this shows the 20 feet width of these borders in the West Mixed Borders:-

mixedborderexit3

before coming to the first exit which leads to the Jubilee Rose Garden on the left, with the Weather Hill in front and the AGM Borders on the right. The Plant Centre exit is opposite this exit:-

mixedborderexit14

The next exit from the West Mixed Borders leads into the AGM Borders area, where you see the left section:-

mixedborderexit4

before turning to the right to see its right section. The area for the garden seat in the East Mixed Border is opposite this exit:-

mixedborderexit5

and then back down to the other side of the Bedding Area again:-

mixedborderexit15

The area of the Mixed Borders is less than 1% of the total area in this RHS garden.

"These herbaceous borders are 6 metres (20 feet) deep and 128 metres (427 feet) long. To create the best possible display we use annual summer bedding, climbers on birch supports and shrubs as well as the traditional perennials, all backed up by a dense hornbeam hedge. Designed to be viewed from each end, they create a dramatic impact as your eye is drawn along their length.

Planted to provide interest from May until November, the show begins with early summer flowers such as alliums and geraniums. These are followed by a succession of favourites such as phlox and clematis, reaching a peak in August, with a vibrant display of colourful dahlias, bright yellow helianthus and deep orange helenium in the hot-coloured central beds.

Over the winter, the borders are cut back to the ground and fresh stakes are put in to support the following year's growth. It's a lot of work for Wisley gardeners but the summer glory makes it all worthwhile." from The Mixed Borders notice board in East Border Section 1 Part 1.

 

This section details what I consider as errors in design carried out by the staff at the RHS garden in Wisley, before the next section details my Design Concepts:-

 

Mixing all the primary colours together for the flower colours used in many of the 71 parts of these Mixed Borders
This Mixed Border scheme has deciduous climbers, trees, evergreen and deciduous shrubs with bulbs as its other permanent plants to provide a permanent structure; which is backed by a deciduous hornbeam hedge.

This mixture provides a foliage and flower foil against which these other permanent herbaceous perennials can provide new growth from the ground each year, with the different colours of foliage from juvenile to mature to dying off in the autumn and then an easy maintenance during the months of December-March for removing most of the growth above ground and replacing the plant supports to provide a neat bed in a series of large ground areas.

The bedding plants provide the icing on the cake at different flowering time periods between May and November to enhance the overall flower colour scheme. The new bedding each year can provide opportunities to vary the look of these beds.

It was disapointing that I did not see the flowers during 2013 of more than 25% of these Permanent Herbaceous Perennial Plants - possible reasons shown in Lost Flowers Page with 'Walkabout' Plants and 'Stateless' Plants Page.

A table for each month - May, June, July, August, September, October, November - shows the flower photos for each of the 71 parts of the Mixed Borders split into Blue, Orange, Pink, Red, Unusual Colour, White, or Yellow for all the plants. Besides that, you can see from the table below that Red and Pink with Unusual Flower Colours seem to be predominant as flower colours and that these are spread throughout the beds.
Not having the knowledge of a fully qualified Royal Horticultural Society gardener, I am failing to see either

  • a colour scheme from pastels to bright colours and then back to pastels to accentuate the middle area of the entrance to the Plant Centre or exit path to the Bowes-Lyon Rose Garden on the other side or
  • the Red, bright Blue and Bright Yellows being closest to the garden entrance with the pastels at the furthest point of Battleston Hill to provide a visual extension to these beds or
  • the duplication of the same plant throughout the beds to provide continuity (there are 14 Phlox varieties which provide some kind of continuity in the bed in using the same family with the same kind of plant form). Each of the Permanent Herbaceous Perennials normally only occurs in 1 patch in these Mixed Border Beds - rarely twice and even more rarely in 3 patches. Each of the parts of the Mixed Border beds overlaps the adjacent parts, so depending on how wide on the ground is that patch of a collection of a plant, then it depends on how many parts of the 71 parts that it is on.
    or
  • change of flower colour from for example Yellow in May to Red in September to coincide with the possibility of the herbaceous shrubs/trees/hedge foliage becoming Brown/Red in the Autumn, in this Mixed Border or background hedge.
    or
  • how the following distribution of flower colours from the Permanent Herbaceous Perennials in these beds comes from a restful to the eye and mind, coordinated and planned flower planting scheme:-
    Red or Pink flowers occurs in
    35 parts (17 Pink + 20 Red - 2 Pink and Red) in June,
    53 parts in July,
    59 in August and
    60 in September.
    Multi-coloured or not Blue, Orange, Pink, Red, White or Yellow flowers occurs in
    35 parts in June,
    53 parts in July,
    57 parts in August and
    47 parts in September.
    Mixtures of 2 or more colours is
    29 in June (16 of 2 colours + 17 of 3 colours + 2 of 4 or more colours - 6 of White and other Colour),
    52 in July,
    55 in August,
    50 in September.

I have added the BEDding (started January 2014 - completed March 2014) and then the OTHer Permanent Plants (started March 2014 - completed May 2014) to the table below to show the flower colour planting scheme of the Bedding and the Other Permanent Plants and then its combination.
"Bedding Plant in Unknown Section" top data row in the Flower Colour Range months pages refers to the lack of a photo taken by me or H. Kavanagh of that bedding plant with the label in the same photo of a Permanent Herbaceous Perennial or Other Permanent Plant whose location in 1 or more of the 71 Parts of those Mixed Borders can be identified.

 

If I had produced this planting design with its mixture of flower colours in almost every part - or maintained these beds in this way - in 2013, I would be deeply ashamed.

As a nation of gardeners in Britain; the Royal Horticultural Society being at its pinnacle, with the tradition of excellence by our previous head gardeners and their staff during the Victorian era, I had thought that the staff at the RHS Garden at Wisley would not need a lecture.

 

Number of parts of the 71 parts of the Mixed Borders with flowers of the following colours in the following months:-

 

 

 

 

 

Unu-sual Col-our

 

 

White and other colour

Pink and Red

2 col-ours with-out White as 1 of them

3 col-ours with White as 1 of them or not 1 of them

4 or more
col-ours with White as 1 of them or not 1 of them

Month

176
Per-manent Herbac-eous Peren-nials

3

 

2

 

5

 

4

 

 

1

 

 

May

13

2

17

20

35

21

23

6

2

16

17

2

Jun

28

2

40

25

53

37

25

2

12

8

22

24

Jul

33

2

48

24

57

38

36

1

13

3

27

26

Aug

20

2

53

18

47

34

28

3

11

9

37

7

Sep

9

2

23

12

19

16

13

9

3

9

5

 

Oct

 

 

6

3

7

3

1

2

 

 

 

 

Nov

99 BEDding

 

 

8

5

12

6

 

3

 

3

 

 

May

 

3

10

21

29

11

 

4

2

2

3

1

Jun

8

6

11

35

41

17

6

4

4

9

7

2

Jul

8

6

11

37

41

17

6

4

6

11

6

2

Aug

6

6

11

35

44

13

6

4

5

8

7

1

Sep

4

6

11

28

33

8

6

1

6

9

2

2

Oct

 

 

2

11

7

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nov

73
OTHer Perma-nent plants of other Plant Types

 

 

2

 

1

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

May

3

 

11

4

12

11

5

2

 

1

1

 

Jun

7

 

16

6

24

20

7

5

 

3

5

1

Jul

7

 

16

6

26

26

14

9

 

7

5

1

Aug

7

 

14

8

17

22

5

6

 

4

3

 

Sep

 

 

7

4

4

2

5

1

 

 

 

 

Oct

 

 

2

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

Nov

176
Per-manent Herbac-eous Peren-nials
+
99
BEDding
+
73
OTHer Perma-nent plants of other Plant Types

3

 

11

5

17

13

4

2

 

8

1

 

May

16

5

28

31

49

37

27

5

12

13

15

19

Jun

39

7

48

40

58

52

31

3

23

4

4

46

Jul

35

5

54

37

63

53

39

2

24

3

10

53

Aug

23

8

54

34

61

45

31

 

23

9

21

35

Sep

13

5

33

28

36

20

21

7

11

15

18

9

Oct

 

 

9

11

14

6

4

1

3

 

1

2

Nov

 

 

 

 

 

Unu-sual Col-our

 

 

White and other colour

Pink and Red

2 col-ours with-out White as 1 of them

3 col-ours with White as 1 of them or not 1 of them

4 or more
col-ours with White as 1 of them or not 1 of them

Month

 

Another Possible Solution for lack of coordinated Flower Colour Scheme

If you want the garden to be restful to the eye, then you can provide a colour scheme using the harmony of adjacent colours. If you prefer to shock the visitor, then use the contrast of opposite colours, but I am not favourable of the above partial use of the harmony of triads as shown by the Colour Wheel Page of Garden Design.

 

Very Poor Plant Labelling

After reviewing the situation that 102 plants were missing their identity when in flower in 2013 out of 348 (29.31% of the plants) in 768 square metres of Mixed Borders garden beds:-


I am tempted to state:-
'There is room for improvement in the Mixed Border'.

 

Possible Solution for this Very Poor Plant Labelling

As a possible improvement for the viewing public being able to identify the plants in the RHS Garden at Wisley, maybe the following might be useful:-

  • Each planting member of the RHS staff at Wisley be provided with Large White Plastic Angled-Head Labels which are 20 inches (50 cms) in height with a 6 x 4 inch (16 x 10 cms) writing surface and a Marker pen with Black ink.
  • When they have completed the planting, then the plant information on the plant label supplied with the plants will be rewritten onto 1 Angled-Head Label and inserted into the ground in front of the plants. This label should have large-enough writing on it for the public to be able to read it from outside the flower-bed with the naked eye, even if that bed is in the Alpine House:-
    labelbehind1a1
    or behind it if the label is higher than that plant:-
    labelbehind2a1
    Above photos taken by Chris Garnons-Williams on 2 September 2013.
  • The plant label supplied with the plants will be given to the sign-writer with the distance from the public viewing point and the eventual height of the plant when in flower, who could then use the Letter Size to Visibility Chart with the Colour Contrast Visibility Chart.
  • The sign-writer will then produce the required plant label on a relevant contrast colour background with the font size being large enough to read easily by the viewing public at the viewing distance that public is away from the plant label. The stake that it is on is to be sufficiently high that the reading part of the label will be 6 inches (15 cms) higher than the plant when in flower and be inserted at least 8 inches (20 cms) into the ground to provide stability for that plant label.
  • This new label should replace the white plant label inserted by the planter within a week and should be inserted into the same hole as the previous label by the same plantsman. If plant labels in between this label and the viewing public are higher than this plant label, then the Soft Landscaping Designer of that bed should be informed so that person can then resolve the possibility that the newly planted area would become not visible when that plant was in flower because the plants in front had grown higher than it.
  • The White plant label can be cleaned and re-used.

This might lead to flower beds becoming educational instead of being frustrating for the viewing public:-

  • in not being able to either identify that plant in flower because it had no label or
  • that label supplied was unreadable by the naked eye due to its font size being too small for the distance from it to the viewing public, or
  • not identify it because its label had been overgrown by the plant in front of it, or
  • not identify it because the plant label had been turned away from the viewing public:-

backfacingplantlabel1a1

 

backfacingplantlabel2a1

The viewing public stand on the lower path. Only RHS staff have access to the path at the back of this Mixed Border bed.

Photos taken by Chris Garnons-Williams on 30 November 2013.

Another way to provide plant labels is to provide a Plan with Plant Labels from the Plant Label Wizard and place that at the front of a bed or part of a bed on 1 label.
If you want to allow people to continue walking whilst searching and looking at the signs then the Sign Legibility Rules of Thumb by the United States Sign Council will help.

 

Design Concepts

Each of the 71 pages describes all the plants used in each of the 71 parts of these Mixed Border Beds. These descriptions include links to the Plant Description Page of each of those plants.

Each page may also include a Design Concept as shown in the last column of the Mixed Border Part Number menu on the right.

 

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

 

Site design and content copyright ©February 2013. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.
 

I have been putting links into this website since 2006, so it is possible that some of these links to external websites may no longer function.

 

If all else fails, it might be worth reading the instructions in the red text on the Welcome Page and in the following page:-
Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

.

MIXED BORDERS in Royal Horticultural Society Garden at Wisley with my GARDEN DESIGN PAGES

Introduction *

WINTER, SPRING, SUMMER WITH EARLY AND LATE AUTUMN SECTIONS OF WISLEY MIXED BORDERS
1-6 East Border

7-10 East Border
1-5 West Border
6-9 West Border


FOLIAGE COLOUR
.Black

.Blue
(o)Brown
.Bronze
(o)Green
(o)Grey
.Other
(o)Purple
(o)Red
(o)Variegated
(o)Variegated White
.Variegated Yellow
.White
.Yellow
.4 Season Colour

FLOWER COLOUR RANGE IN 71 PARTS OF MIXED BORDER DURING
May
June
July
August
September
October
November

7 Flower Colours per Month in Colour Wheel below.

Click on Black or White box in Colour of Month.

colormonth9bpub

The distribution throughout the 71 parts of the Mixed Borders of each flower from the

  • Permanent Herbaceous Perennials, Bedding Plants and Other Permanent Plants

split into

  • Blue, White, Yellow, Unusual, Red, Orange or Pink

is in each of these Month Pages

Summary of the Mixed Border Planting Design and Garden Maintenance - including in tabular form - shows the number for each single colour and combinations of colours for each of these months and whether it is from the Permanent Herbaceous Perennial (See its Index Page), Bedding Plant (See its Index Page) or Other Permanent Plant ((See Index below) plant type.

See which of the 7 flower colours have been used for each of the 71 parts during 2013 in a table of colours.


SPRING FOLIAGE COLOUR
Spr-Black
(o)-Brown
(o)-Green

Spr-Grey
Spr-Other Colour
(o)-Purple
(o)-Red
(o)-Variegated
Spr-White
Spr-Yellow
Spr-None
Spr-Multi-Colour

SUMMER FOLIAGE COLOUR
Sum-Black
(o)-Brown
(o)-Green

Sum-Grey
Sum-Other Colour
(o)-Purple
(o)-Red
(o)-Variegated
Sum-White
Sum-Yellow
Sum-None
Sum-Multi-Colour

AUTUMN FOLIAGE COLOUR
Aut-Black
Aut-Brown
(o)-Green

Aut-Grey
Aut-Other Colour
Aut-Purple
Aut-Red
(o)-Variegated
Aut-White
Aut-Yellow
Aut-None
Aut-Multi-Colour

WINTER FOLIAGE COLOUR
Win-Black
Win-Brown
(o)-Green

(o)-Grey
Win-Other Colour
Win-Purple
Win-Red
(o)-Variegated
Win-White
Win-Yellow
Win-None
Win-Multi-Colour
 

Plant Height from Text Border

Bulb

Brown =
0-4
inches
(0-10
cms)

 

Blue =
4-8
inches (10-20
cms)

 

Green = 8-12
inches (20-30
cms)

 

Magenta = 12-16 inches (30-40
cms)

 

Red = 16-20 inches (40-50
cms)

 

Black = 20-24 inches (50-60
cms)

 

Orange = 24+
inches
(61+
cms)

Perennial

1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12" = 1 foot = 30 cms,
3 feet = 1 yard,
40 inches = 1 metre

Brown =
0-1 feet (0-30
cms)

Blue =
1-2 feet (30-60
cms)

Green =
2-3 feet (60-90
cms)

Red =
3-6 feet (90-180
cms)

Black = 6+ feet (180+
cms)

Shrub

Brown =
0-1 feet (0-30
cms)

Blue =
1-3 feet (30-90
cms)

Green =
3-5 feet (90-150
cms)

Red =
5-10 feet (150-300
cms)

Black = 10+ feet (300+
cms)

Tree

Brown =
0-20 feet (0-600
cms)

Blue =
20-40 feet (600-1200
cms)

Green =
40+ feet (1200
cms)

 

 

Climber

 

Blue =
0-3 feet (0-90
cms)

Green =
3-10 feet (90-300
cms)

Red =
10+ feet (300+
cms)

 

Bamboo, Bedding, Conifer, Fern, Grass, Herb, Odds and Sods, Rhododendron, Rose, Soft Fruit, Top Fruit, Vegetable and Wildflower

 

Blue =
0-2 feet (0-60
cms)

Green =
2-6 feet (60-180
cms)

Red =
6+ feet (180+
cms)

 

Plant Soil Moisture from Text Background

Wet Soil

Moist Soil

Dry Soil

Click on thumbnail to add the Plant Description Page of the plant named in the Text box below that photo.
The Comments Row of that Plant Description Page details where that plant is available from.
Flowering months append the Sun Aspect in the Text Box below each Thumbnail.

Due to the number of plants which are in the list below, then the

Permanent Herbaceous Perennial Plant Index
Bedding Annual Plant Index
Un-labelled Bedding Annual Plant Index

pages have been created to detail the
Herbaceous Perennials permanently in these beds with the
Bedding Plants that are inserted into the beds in the Spring and removed in the Autumn.

Permanent Plant Name

Flower Colour

Flowering Months

Height x Spread in inches (cms)

1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12" = 1 foot = 30 cms, 3 feet = 1 yard, 40 inches = 1 metre

Foliage Colour

Spring

Summer

Autumn

Winter

Bamboo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulb

Agapanthus 'Buckingham Palace'

Deep Blue

agapanthuscflobuckinghampalacekavanagh

July, August, September

60 x 24
(150 x 60)

Dark Green

agapanthuscfolsumbuckinghampalacekavanagh

Dark Green

Dark Green

 

Allium cristophii

Pinkish-Purple

alliumcflos1cristophiigarnonswilliams

May, June, July

24 x 8
(60 x 20)

Dark Green

alliumcfolcristophiigarnonswilliams

Dark Green

 

 

Allium sphaerocephalon

Green, then Purple and ages Reddish-Purple

alliumcflosphaerocephalonkavanagh

July, August

24 x 3
(60 x 8)

Strap-like, Mid-Green

Strap-like, Mid-Green

alliumcfolsphaerocephalonkavanagh

 

 

Alstroemeria psittacina

Green and Red

alstroemeriacflopsittacinagarnonswilliams

Aug-Sep

40 x 18
(100 x 45)

 

Light Green

alstroemeriafolpsittacinagarnonswilliams

Light Green

 

Crocosmia
'Severn Sunrise
'

Open Orange fade to Pink
Unable to locate plant label to take photos of its flowers after May 2013

August, September, October

35 x 23
(88 x 48)

Erect, narrow, sword-shaped and Dark Green

Erect, narrow, sword-shaped and Dark Green

 

 

Crocosmia x crocosmioides 'Vulcan'

Rich-Red

crocosmiacflo3vulcangarnonswilliams1

June, July, August

36 x 18
(90 x 45)

Upright, pleated, wide, lance-shaped, mid Green leaves

crocosmiacfolsumvulcangarnonswilliams1

Upright, pleated, wide, lance-shaped, mid Green leaves

Upright, pleated, wide, lance-shaped, mid Green leaves

 

Galtonia candicans

should be named Ornithogalum candicans

White

galtoniacflocandicansgarnonswilliams

July, August, September

48 x 16
(120 x 40)

Strap-shaped and Mid-Green

Strap-shaped and Mid-Green

galtoniacfolcandicansgarnonswilliams

Strap-shaped and Mid-Green

 

Climber

Clematis
'Alba Luxurians'

White

clematiscfloalbaluxuriansgarnonswilliams

July, August, September, October

120 x 72
(300 x 180)

Grey-Green

clematiscfolalbaluxuriansgarnonswilliams

Grey-Green

Grey-Green

See 70 other Clematis climbers in Clematis Climber Gallery and further data on Clematis

Clematis 'Bill Mackenzie'

Yellow

clematiscflobillmackenziegarnonswilliams

July, August, September, October

120-180 x 36
(450 x 90)

Dark Green

Dark Green

clematiscfolbillmackenziegarnonswilliams

Dark Green

321 Clematis at Hawthornes Nursery

Clematis x bonstedtii

Pale Blue

clematiscflo4bonstedtiigarnonswilliams

July, August, September

60 x 20
(150 x 50)

Dark Green

Dark Green

clematiscfolsumbonstedtiikavanagh

Dark Green

 

Clematis x diversifolia

Blue, Violet, Lilac, Lavender

clematiscflodiversifoliagarnonswilliams

June, July, August, September, October

100 x 40
(250 x 100)

Lance-shaped Dark Green

Lance-shaped Dark Green

clematiscfolsum1diversifoliagarnonswilliams

Lance-shaped Dark Green

 

Clematis 'Elvan'

Lilac to Lilac-Blue

"All Clematis fall into one of 3 distinct pruning groups: No Prune (Group 1), Light Prune (Group 2), and Hard Prune (Group 3).

Group 1: Early Flowering. Typically blooming in winter and spring, these varieties flower on the previous year's growth only, so if you need to remove damaged stems or control the size of the plant, the best time would be as soon as they have finished flowering. Included in this group are Alpina, Macropetala, Montana, and Evergreen varieties.

Group 2: Large Flowers. Typically larger flowers grow out on new shoots from last year's growth in late spring and summer. Some of these will occasionally display a second bloom at the tips of the current year's growth in late summer and autumn. These varieties should be pruned in spring, right back to where there are strong and healthy buds, before they start their active growth period. New flowering stems will be produced from this architecture of previous growth.

Group 3: Late Flowering. Group 3 Clematis only flower on current year's growth. These blooms tend to display from summer through to late autumn. These varieties are arguably the easiest to prune, as you basically cut it right down to about 20cm (8ins) above ground level in spring before they begin their active growth period, removing all of the previous year's growth." from Primrose who have produced a new method of raising "Kids in our planters".

If this climber flowered after May 2013, then I could not idenify it or see its Plant Label. See Clematis 'Elvan' Description Page in Clematis Climbers Gallery

Clematis
'Etoile Violette'

Deep Purple

If this climber flowered after April 2013, then I could not idenify it or see its Plant Label. See Clematis 'Etoile Violette' Description Page in Clematis Climbers Gallery

Clematis 'Fukuzono'

Purple fades to Blue

clematiscflo1fukuzonogarnonswilliams

June, July, August, September

60 x 60
(150 x 150)

Dark Green

Dark Green

clematiscfolfukuzonogarnonswilliams

Dark Green

Where is the American Clematis Society?

Rogerson Clematis Collection

Clematis 'Jackmanii'

Violet-Purple

clematiscflo1jackmaniigarnonswilliams

July, August, September

168 x 36
(420 x 90)

Pale to Mid-Green

Pale to Mid-Green

clematiscfoljackmaniigarnonswilliams

Pale to Mid-Green

Clematis.com focuses on Clematis varieties which are available and suitable for the North American garden including this variety

Clematis 'Kaiu'

White with Pink tinge

clematiscflokaiukavanagh

July, August, September

72 x 36
(180 x 90)

Dark Green

Dark Green

clematiscfolkaiugarnonswilliams

Dark green

British Clematis Society

Clematis 'Kermesina'

Crimson-Red

Unable to locate plant label to take photos of its foliage or flowers after 4 March 2013

clematissupport1kermesinagarnonswilliams

Estonian Clematis Society

Clematis 'Madame Julia Correvon'

Red

clematiscflomadamejuliacorrevonkavanagh

July, August, September

96-120 x 36
(240-300 x 90)

Dark Green

clematiscfolmadamejuliacorrevonkavanagh

Dark Green

Dark Green

Sagamihara Green Association for Clematis in Japan

Clematis 'Pink Ice'

Deep Pink

Unable to locate plant label to take photos of its foliage or flowers after 15 May 2013

clematissupport1pinkicegarnonswilliams

Fact Sheet on Clematis from Gardening in Australia

Clematis 'Purpurea Plena Elegans'

Dusky-Purple

Unable to locate plant label to take photos of its foliage or flowers after 13 April 2013

Chelone glabra black plant label on left and Clematis 'Purpurea Plena Elegans' black plant label on right.

clematissupport1purpureaplenaelegansgarnonswilliams

 

Clematis Rosemoor 'Evipo002'

Purplish-Red

Unable to locate plant label to take photos of its foliage or flowers after 13 April 2013

Hemerocallis lilio-asphodelus black plant label on right and Clematis 'Purpurea Plena Elegans' black plant label in middle

clematissupport1rosemoorgarnonswilliams

 

Clematis
'Royal Velours
'

Red-Purple

clematiscfloroyalveloursgarnonswilliams

July, August, September

180 x 60
(450 x 150)

Mid-Green

clematiscfolroyalveloursgarnonswilliams

Mid-Green

Mid-Green

 

Clematis 'Ruutel'

Red

Unable to locate plant label to take photos of its foliage or flowers after 4 March 2013.

Since its Birch Branch Support structure has not been replaced, It may be that this climber position was not going to be there in 2013 summer season.

clematissupport1ruutelgarnonswilliams

 

Clematis 'Viola'

Violet Blue ages to Purple

clematiscfloviolakavanagh

June, July, August, September, October

120 x 60
(300 x 150)

Dark Green

clematiscfolviolagarnonswilliams

Dark Green

Dark Green

 

Clematis x aromatica

Violet-Blue

clematissupport1xaromaticagarnonswilliams

Unable to locate plant label to take photos of its foliage or flowers after 15 May 2013

Dactylicapnos macrocapnos

Yellow

dactylicapnoscflosmacrocapnoskavanagh

June, July, August, September, October, November, December

80 x 40
(200 x 100)

Pale Green

Pale Green

dactylicapnoscfolmacrocapnoskavanagh

Pale Green

 

Lathyrus latifolius 'Rosa Perle'

Purplish-Pink

lathyruscflolatifoliusrosaperlekavanagh

June, July, August, September

80 x 36
(200 x 90)

Grey-Green

Grey-Green

lathyruscfollatifoliusrosaperlekavanagh

Grey-Green

 

Conifer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Shrub

Buddleja daviidii nanhoensis
'Nanho Blue
'

Pale Lilac-Blue

buddlejacflodavidiinanhoensisnanhobluekavanagh

June, July, August, September

60 x 60
(150 x 150)

Grey-Green

Grey-Green

buddlejacfoldavidiinanhoensisnanhobluekavanagh

Grey-Green

 

Buddleja davidii nanhoensis
'Nanho Purple
'

Deep Purple

Unable to locate plant label to take photos of its foliage or flowers after 15 May 2013.

buddlejalabel5davidiinanhoensisnanhopurplegarnonswilliams

The Trials Report of 2008-2010 on Buddleja davidii and its close hybrids of the RHS provides useful data including the requirement for hard pruning.

Buddleja davidii 'Nanho White Monite'

White

Unable to locate plant label to take photos of its foliage or flowers after 15 May 2013.

buddlejalabel2davidiinanhoensisnanhowhitegarnonswilliams

 

Buddleja davidii 'Peacock'
('Peakeep' is the Trade name)

Pink to Purple-Pink

buddlejacflosdavidiipeakeepgarnonswilliams

June, July, August, September

60 x 60
(150 x 150)

Medium green

Medium green

buddlejacfol1davidiipeakeepgarnonswilliams

Medium Green

 

Cornus alba 'Aurea'

Cream

cornuscflos1albaaureakavanagh

May, June

120 x 120
(300 x 300)

Large crisp Golden-Yellow leaves in spring.

If grown in a shady position, the leaves tend to change to a beautiful Lime-green colour.

cornuscfolalbaaureakavanagh
 

In autumn; the new stems turn crimson and remain to brighten up the winter months.

 

Cornus alba 'Elegantissima'

Small Creamy-White, in flat heads. Unable to see its flowers in May-June or even later in the year.
The 3 cornus at the back of the bed are starting to create their spring foliage on 15 May 2013. The 3 cornus at the back of the bed are now over 6 feet high on 29 August 2013. The plants in front obstruct the view of the cornus behind and thus no photos of the flowers of this cornus were taken in 2013. As a backdrop of variegated green/yellow it may be fine, but in that case why not replace that section of hedge behind it instead.

Cotinus coggygria 'Royal Purple'

Pink

cotinuscflos1coggygriaroyalpurplegarnonswilliams

July, August

200 x 200
(500 x 500)

Dark Red-Purple oval leaves and, when the temperature drops, the leaves develop a bright-pink margin before becoming scarlet.

cotinuscfolcoggygriaroyalpurplegarnonswilliams

 

Fuchsia 'Mrs Popple'

Scarlet Sepals and Purple Petals

fuchsiacflomrspopplegarnonswilliams

June, July, August, September, October

44 x 44
(110 x 110)

Slender deep Green

Slender deep Green

fuchsiacfolmrspopplegarnonswilliams

Slender deep Green

Hardy Fuchsia List for the Showbench from the Fuchsia Societies in the UK

Fuchsia 'Riccartonii'

Scarlet Sepals and Purple Petals

fuchsiacfloriccartoniigarnonswilliams

June, July, August, September, October

80 x 120
(200 x 300)

Bronze-tinted Dark Green

Dark Green

fuchsiacfolsumriccartoniigarnonswilliams

Dark Green

There is the American Fuchsia Society , the Australian Fuchsia Society Inc the National Fuchsia Society of New Zealand and there was the Greater Victoria Geranium and Fuchsia Society in Canada

Hibiscus syriacus 'Red Heart'

White with Red base

hibiscuscflosyriacusredheartgarnonswillams

June, July, August

96 x 60
(240 x 150)

Lobed Dark Green

Lobed Dark Green

hibiscuscfolsumsyriacusredheartgarnonswillams

Lobed Dark Green

International Hibiscus Society list of registered and non-registered cultivars

Hydrangea arborescens
'Astrid Lindgren'

White

hydrangeacflos2arborescensastridlindgrengarnonswilliams

July, August, September

52 x 60
(130 x 150)

Green

Dark Green

hydrangeacfolsumarborescensastridlindgrengarnonswilliams

Dark Green

American Hydrangea Society with the story of the big Hydrangea that wouldn't bloom.

Hydrangea paniculata 'Kyushu'

Creamy-White

hydrangeacflobudpaniculatakyushugarnonswilliams

August, September

200 x 100
(500 x 250)

Toothed Mid to Dark Green

Toothed Mid to Dark Green

hydrangeacfolsum2paniculatakyushugarnonswilliams

Toothed Mid to Dark Green

The Best Books on Hydrangeas

Leycesteria formosa 'Purple Rain'

Burgundy, Pink and White

leycesteriacflo1formosapurplerainkavanagh

June, July, August, September

100 x 80
(250 x 200)

Dark Green

Dark Green

leycesteriacfolsumformosapurpleraingarnonswilliams

Dark Green

 

Paeonia ludlowii

Golden-Yellow

Without the 50 x optical zoom on my current camera, I was unable to take photos of the flowers which were on this shrub on 15 May 2013. This shrub is too far back to enjoy its flowers with the naked eye.

paeoniaforsprluteavarludlowiigarnonswilliams

The Peony Society has further details on peonies.

Physocarpus opulifolius
'Dart's Gold'

White often tinged with Pink

physocarpuscfloopulifoliusdartsgoldgarnonswilliams

May, June

60 x 60
150 x 150)

Golden Yellow

physocarpuscfolopulifoliusdartsgoldgarnonswilliams

Lime Green

Yellow with Bronze tinting

 

Physocarpus opulifolius 'Diabolo'

Pinkish-White

physocarpuscfloopulifoliusdiabologarnonswilliams

June, July, August

96 x 96
(240 x 240)

Dark Purple

physocarpuscfolopulifoliusdiabologarnonswilliams

ages to Green

Green

 

Sambucus nigra f. porphyrophylla 'Gerda'

Pinkish-Purple

When you look at the panorama photos in East Border Part 19 you will note (by 19 September 2013) that purple flowers could be seen on the Sambucus but its plant label could not, because of the yellow foliage of the Cornus alba 'Aurea' in front of it.

Sambucus nigra f. porphyrophylla 'Guincho Purple'

Pink and White

The Black Plant Label faces the front and was unreadable in January 2013 from the lawn between the 2 Mixed Borders (See index in Mixed Border Other Plants Gallery). The Cornus alba 'Aurea' between it and the lawn adjacent became higher than the Plant Label of this Sambucus by August 2013, so that no flowers of this Sambucus could be identified.

Deciduous Tree

Catalpa bignonioides 'Aurea'

White

The photo taken on 21 August 2013 from East Border Part 25 shows no indication of flowers during July or August. The panorama photos in that page do not indicate any evidence of flowers during 2013.

Paulownia tomentosa

Lilac-Purple

No flowers seen or photographed in 2013 in East Border Parts 29, 30 or 31 or West Border Parts 43, 44 or 45

Evergreen Perennial

Hemerocallis
'Green Flutter'

Greenish-Yellow

hemerocalliscflo1greenfluttergarnonswilliams

June, July, August

20 x 40
(50 x 100)

Narrow, upright Dark Green

hemerocalliscfolsprgreenfluttergarnonswilliams

Narrow, upright Dark Green

Narrow, upright Dark Green

Narrow, upright Dark Green

Hemerocallis
'Little Grapette'

Grape-Purple with Golden-Yellow throat

hemerocalliscflolittlegrapettekavanagh

July, August, September

30 x 24
(75 x 60)

Narrow, strap-like, Dark Green Evergreen Perennial

hemerocalliscfolsprlittlegrapettegarnonswilliams

Narrow, strap-like, Dark Green

Narrow, strap-like, Dark Green

 

Heuchera
'Plum Pudding
'

Pale Pink

 

Unable to get clear photos of flowers in 2013

June, July, August

26 x 20
(65 x 50)

Marbled, Plum-Purple
Semi-Evergreen Perennial

Marbled, Plum-Purple
Semi-Evergreen Perennial

Marbled, Plum-Purple
Semi-Evergreen Perennial

Marbled, Plum-Purple
Semi-Evergreen Perennial

Evergreen Shrub

Abelia x grandiflora

White flushed mauve-pink

abeliacfloxgrandifloragarnonswilliams

June, July, August, September, October

120 x 160
(300 x 400)

Dark Green

abeliacfolxgrandifloragarnonswilliams

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

Artemesia
'Powis Castle'

Yellow

Although these plants were next to the path and in front of Pennisetum orientale 'Shogun'; the Pennisetum overgrew them.

Ligustrum quihoui

White

Without the 50 x optical zoom on my current camera, I was unable to take close-up photos of the flowers which were on these shrubs on 24 July 2013. These shrubs are too far back to enjoy their flowers with the naked eye.

Photinia x fraseri 'Red Robin'

White

photiniacflofraseriredrobingarnonswilliams

April, May

108 x 108
(270 x 270)

During the growing season all new flushes of growth are brilliant red, turning to bronze by late spring then to Dark Green

photiniacfolfraseriredrobingarnonswilliams

 

Evergreen Tree

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fern

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grass

Arundo donax

Purple

September

240 x 160
(600 x 400)

Grey-Green

Grey-Green

arundocfolsum2donaxgarnonswilliams

Grey-Green

 

Calamagrostis brachytricha

Grey with Pink tints becomes Golden-Brown

calamagrostiscflosbrachytrichagarnonswilliams

June, July, August

60 x 36
(150 x 90)

Grey-Green

Grey-Green

calamagrostiscfolbrachytrichakavanagh

Grey-Green

Straw

Cortaderia selloana

White

cortaderiacfloselloanagarnonswilliams

August, September

120 x 60
(300 x 150)

Deep Green with razor sharp junctions where the triangular sides meet

cortaderiacfolselloanagarnonswilliams

Deep Green with razor sharp junctions where the triangular sides meet

Deep Green with razor sharp junctions where the triangular sides meet

 

Cortaderia selloana 'Pumila'

Silvery-Yellow

cortaderiacfloselloanapumilagarnonswilliams

August

60 x 48
(150 x 120)

Dark Green

Dark Green

cortaderiacfol1selloanapumilakavanagh

Dark Green

Dark Green

Eragrostis curvula

Grey-Green

eragrostiscflocurvulakavanagh

August

60 x 40
150 x 100)

Dark Green

eragrostiscfolcurvulagarnonswilliams

Dark Green

Dark Green

 

Miscanthus sinensis 'Gracillimus'

Reddish-Copper

miscanthuscflosinensisgracillimusgarnonswilliams

September

52 x 48
(130 x 120)

Dark Green with White stripe down the leaf centre

Dark Green with White stripe down the leaf centre

miscanthuscfolsumsinensisgracillimusgarnonswilliams

Dark Green with White stripe down the leaf centre

 

Miscanthus sinensis 'Grosse Fontane'

Pink ripens to Silver .
Missed taking photos of its Pink Inflore-scences

Aug-Dec

100 x 60
(250 x 150)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

 

Miscanthus sinensis 'Kaskade'

Rosy-Pink

Missed taking photos of its Pink Inflore-scences and its foliage turning Bronze in the Autumn

July, August, September, October

100 x 40
(250 x 100)

Dark Green with White Midribs

Dark Green with White Midribs

Dark Green with White Midribs

Note that the Pink Spikelets were visible on the panorama above of 19 September but its label was hidden by the plants in front

Miscanthus sinensis 'Morning Light'

Grey/ Silver and Pale Pink
Missed taking photos of its Pink Inflore-scences

September, October, November

40 x 36
(100 x 90)

Dark Green with White midrib and edges

Dark Green with White midrib and edges

Dark Green with White midrib and edges

 

Miscanthus sinensis 'Roland'

Pink turning to Pure White

Unable to locate plant label to take photos of its foliage or flowers after 15 May 2013

August, September

56 x 40
(140 x 100)

Dark Green

Dark Green

Dark Green

 

Miscanthus sinensis 'Zebrinus'

Pale Pink

Missed taking photos of its Pink Inflore-scences

August, September

48 x 18
(120 x 45)

Horizontal Cream bands on Dark Green arching foliage

Horizontal Cream bands on Dark Green arching foliage

Horizontal Cream bands on Dark Green arching foliage

 

Pennisetum orientale 'Shogun'

Pale Pink

pennisetumcfloorientaleshogungarnonswilliams

June, July, August, September, October, November

48 x 32
(120 x 80)

Flat, linear, Blue-Green leaves, turning Yellow-Brown in autumn

pennisetumcfolorientaleshogungarnonswilliams

 

Stipa calamagrostis

Pale Green ages to light buff

stipacflocalamagrostiskavanagh

June, July, August, September

30 x 18
75 x 45)

Dark Green

Dark Green

stipacfolsumcalamagrostiskavanagh

Dark Green

 

Stipa gigantea

Purple ripens to Gold

stipacflogiganteagarnonswilliams

June, July

100 x 48
(250 x 120)

Slender Grey-Green

Slender Grey-Green

stipacfolgiganteagarnonswilliams

Slender Grey-Green

 

Stipa gigantea
'Gold Fontaene'

Plant removed after 20 January 2013

Straw Yellow

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hedge

Carpinus betulus (Hornbeam)

Green Catkins

May

480 x 320
(1200 x 800)

Mid-Green

Mid-Green

Brown dead leaves

Brown dead leaves

Herb

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Odds and Sods

Biennial - Onopordum acanthium

Purple

In the late 19th century, it was introduced to temperate regions of North America, South America, and Australia as an ornamental plant, and is now considered a major agricultural and wildland noxious weed. I would not recommend growing it in your garden, orchard or fields.

Sub-Shrub -
Artemesia abrotanum

Yellow

Having such a small area of plant, I was unable to find its flowers from 29 August to 30 December 2013.
Is this because this plant rarely produces flowers in British gardens?

September, October

48 x 39
(120 x 97)

Fragrant, finely divided, Grey-Green

Fragrant, finely divided, Grey-Green

Fragrant, finely divided, Grey-Green

 

Rhododendron/ Azalea /Camellia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rose

Rosa Bonica 'Meidomonac'

Retail name in UK should be
Rosa 'Bonica'
(Meidomonac) as used by David Austin Roses

Pink

rosacflobonicameidomonacgarnonswilliams

July, August, September

36 x 44
(90 x 110)

Glossy, Mid-Green

Glossy, Mid-Green

rosacfolspr2bonicameidomonacgarnonswilliams

Glossy, Mid-Green

See WISLEY WISLEY Rose Classification System Page for details on this Rosa Retail Name 'Trade Name' RHS naming system.

Rosa glauca 'Carmenetta' and Page in RHS Wisley Bowes-Lyon Rose Garden Roses

Pink

rosacflocarmenettagarnonswilliams

May, June, July, August, September, October

78 x 78
(200 x 200)

Green with Grey reverse

Green with Grey reverse

rosacfolspr2carmenettagarnonswilliams

Green with Grey reverse

 

 

Garden Design Comments on RHS Garden at Wisley in the 71 pages of the EAST and WEST Borders in the MIXED BORDERS

Flower Colours in each of the 71 Parts of the Mixed Borders - with area indicating that the respective colour has not been used in this part .
 

More (See un-labelled bedding) than 102 plants (This is 29%, which is almost a third) were missing their identity when in flower in 2013 out of 348 in 768 square metres of Mixed Borders garden beds - These herbaceous borders are 6 metres (20 feet) deep and 128 metres (427 feet) long.

Part Number of East and West Mixed Borders

 

Each page provides details and photos of every plant used in that part

 

 

 

 

Unu-sual Col-our

 

 

Number of either invisible or missing identity when in Flower

Each page may also detail a
Design Concept

Perm-anent Herb-ace-ous Pere-nnial

Other Perm-anent Plants

Bed-ding

49 mis-sing out of 176

19 mis-sing out of 73

34 mis-sing out of 99

East 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Formal style required in moving people from Entrance to outlying areas

East 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

Position plants with tiny flowers close to the lawn or path

Provide plant support structures

East 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

Make plant labels visible to aid plant sales and

No plant labels on Pansy / Viola Display

East 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

Create History of each garden bed, so that planting errors can be corrected

East 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

1

1

Use a system to select your plants from their flower colour

East 6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

1

1

Use the colours of the buds, flowers and seedheads with different foliage colours in Winter, Spring, Summer and Autumn of each heather for your groundcover and background

East 7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

1

 

Use

to choose from

East 8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

 

 

Use turf protected paths instead of slabbed paths for small gardens

East 9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

Make your flowers all the same colour like White to harmonise as your flower colour in the simplest flower colour scheme

East 10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

Bulbs can provide flowers from January through to May in the bare ground round the permanent shrubs and perennials

East 11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

Replace bedding and perennials with wildflower lawn edged with normal lawn to reduce gardening time to 1 hour a week

East 12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

With limited garden space, put a wildflower lawn on the roof of your shed / garage / leanto or concreted area on ground to provide flowers

East 13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

1

Create fun version of Snakes and Ladders game using clock flowers

East 14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

1

Further reasons to create garden bed Histories

East 15

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

Create track and use the Square Foot Gardening system for:-

  • wheelchair-bound disabled to use for radio-controlled models on the ground-level of the garden
  • wheelchair-bound children/adults to maintain and replant the raised beds, whilst sitting with their knees under each raised bed
  • school pupils to learn to grow plants
  • wheelchair supported children/adults recovering in hospital, rest or care home to go outside, view them and/or maintain those beds themselves
  • transport the raised bed into the patient's room, so that the patient can admire close-up what they normally see outside from their bed; and then for them to maintain or simply view for a while before that raised bed is returned outside that same day
  • infirm children, adults or pensioners to maintain and replant the raised beds, when they do not need to kneel down, bend their knees or reach above their shoulders

East 16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

 

Climber not seen due to plants in front growing higher than it.

East 17

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

2

 

Create game using Slider Signs that alternate turning left or turning right at each Path Row Junction for you to pick your fruit, flowers, grasses or vegetables.

East 18

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

1

 

Turf protection from wear by people walking or standing on it

East 19

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

Balance Income with Expenditure in Garden

East 20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

 

Safety - If a visitor reports a safety concern, then do not ignore it

East 21

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

2

 

 

East 22

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

1

1

 

East 23

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

1

 

East 24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

East 25

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

3

 

Hide unwanted views of buildings or other areas of garden

East 26

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

 

 

East 27

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

 

East 28

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

East 29

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

1

 

 

East 30

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

 

 

East 31

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

2

 

 

East 32

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

East 33

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

1

 

Select tender plants and then provide Plant Protection from Frost

East 34

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

 

Control human movement through areas

Part Number

 

 

 

 

Unu-sual Col-our

 

 

Either invisible or missing identity when in Flower

Unlabelled Bedding plants

Plant Labelling - A suggestion for plant labelling to help visitors

Further Plant Label and Path Foundation Comments

WISLEY WISLEY Rose Classification System

Perm-anent Herb-ace-ous Pere-nnial

Other Perm-anent Plants

Bed-ding

West 35

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

West 36

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

West 37

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

3

 

 

West 38

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

1

 

 

West 39

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

West 40

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

West 41

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

West 42

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

West 43

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

1

 

 

West 44

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

 

West 45

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

 

West 46

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

1

 

Build soil fertility and structure with legumes and mulches

West 47

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

 

West 48

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

West 49

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

West 50

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

1

 

 

West 51

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

 

 

West 52

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Split garden area into separate shapes

even when a public path goes through the garden

West 53

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

Use Companion planting with Green Manure to deter Pests / Diseases and

Another Climber not seen due to plants in front growing higher than it.

West 54

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

Use long-flowering Speciman Roses as a backdrop

West 55

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

West 56

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

West 57

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

 

 

West 58

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

 

 

West 59

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

1

 

West 60

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

1

 

West 61

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

West 62

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

West 63

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

Reduce time for garden maintenance by avoiding mixing plants together

West 64

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

1

 

 

West 65

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

 

 

West 66

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

West 67

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

1

 

 

West 68

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

 

 

West 69

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

 

 

West 70

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

West 71

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Provide irrigation facilities to water plants and clean paths

Part Number

 

 

 

 

Unu-sual Col-our

 

 

Either invisible or missing identity when in Flower

Confidential email replies from the Royal Horticultural Society to emails from Chris Garnons-Williams with their following instructions for everybody else:-
The contents of this email and any files transmitted with it are confidential, proprietary and may be legally privileged. They are intended solely for the use of the individual or entity to whom they are addressed. If you have received this email in error please notify the sender. If you are not the intended recipient you may not use, disclose, distribute, copy, print or rely on this email. The sender is not responsible for any changes made to any part of this email after transmission. Any views or opinions presented are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent those of the Society.

Perm-anent Herb-ace-ous Pere-nnial

Other Perm-anent Plants

Bed-ding

Topic
Case Studies
Companion Planting
Garden Construction

Garden Design
...RHS Mixed Borders *
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials

......Other Plants

Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants
Soil
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
Bulb
Climber
Colour Wheel

 

Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index


Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging

Herbaceous Perennial
...P -Herbaceous
...RHS Wisley

...Flower Shape

Herb
Odds and Sods

Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable
Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

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